Eastern religions originated in East, South, and Southeast Asia and differed from Western, African, and Iranian religions. Eastern religions are multifaceted, with each including several sacred books and diverse belief systems. Eastern religions have specific common characteristics, including love being conditional, God exists in three persons, Jesus is not the son of God, death and life are cyclical through reincarnation, and they do not ascribe to one God apart from Islam. Nearly all Eastern religions do not ascribe to one God; instead, they have alternatives for deity, such as god is in everything, god is within each person, and many gods, while others believe that there is no god. There is no mention of love in certain religions, simply self-improvement, Karma, Dharma, and punishment. In Eastern thinking, there is a total absence of patience, longsuffering, grace, and mercy. In Eastern religions, there is no eternal love narrative. Only Christianity teaches that God loved all people enough to sacrifice for them, redeeming their sin and humiliation. As the Trinity, they maintain that God exists in three persons. This concept is incomprehensible to Eastern philosophy, especially to God-believing Muslims (Allah). Pantheism and nihilism are easier to accept than believing in a single God who exists and manifests himself in three personalities. This discussion will focus on Hinduism, one of the Eastern religions, describe why it is hard for outsiders to understand d this religious tradition, define why it would be important for the outsiders to gain a better understanding of Hinduism and how they can better understand Hinduism.
Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world that has no beginning because it precedes the history recorded by different people. It has no human founder and is a mystic religion that leads its adherent to experience the truth personally, ultimately attaining the peak of consciousness when man and God are one. Some of the major reasons why outsiders find it hard to understand Hinduism can be attributed to the religion lacking a specific founder, use of numerous sources, it being an artificial construct, its tradition of secrecy, limitations on propagation and cultural bias. Early work on Hinduism was conducted primarily by foreign scholars with a limited understanding of indigenous traditions (Viswanathan, 2022, p. 5). It led to numerous misrepresentations and distortions in the construction of Hinduism, history, and theology. People take advantage of the freedom Hinduism provides to interpret its tenets in accordance with their agendas, limited knowledge, and cultural biases, thereby perpetuating the influence of these distortions on academic studies, especially outside India.
In Hinduism, knowledge is only revealed to those who join the religion and earn the teachers’ or their inner circle’s trust. Many Hindu secrets are revealed to practitioners only when they have made sufficient progress along the path and have earned the right to know them. This knowledge is only disclosed to those who join them and earn the teachers’ or their inner circle’s trust. Many Hindu secrets are revealed to practitioners only when they have made sufficient progress along the path and have earned the right to know them (Michaels, 2021). Information dissemination was solely at the discretion of a few individuals. Even now, Hinduism’s wisdom is not thoroughly documented. Numerous ancient books have not yet been completely translated, nor has their veracity been confirmed. Thus, Hinduism’s information is dispersed, with no central authority guiding its flow.
Hinduism is very complex because it is derived from numerous sources. Historically, its practitioners came from diverse social, cultural, and ethnic origins. They honoured local deities and observed local customs. Some of them eventually converted to Hinduism. Some deities they worshipped became identified as emanations and manifestations of Hinduism’s most important gods and goddesses. In addition, each Hinduism sect has a lengthy history. Some are significantly older than any current world faiths. Their underlying philosophy, beliefs, and practices, which require considerable time to develop, are typically at odds with those of others. Consequently, irreconcilable conflicts exist between them and cannot be resolved. While they contribute to the complexity and diversity of Hinduism, they make the task of Hinduism students considerably more challenging. Scholars broadly agree that Hinduism is an artificial creation formed out of the need to codify its knowledge and determine its position relative to other religions. It includes numerous traditions, rituals, beliefs, and customs. In Hinduism, spreading the faith is not one of the required duties. Since humans are subject to Karma and bound to the cycle of births and deaths, they must earn the right to acquire the correct knowledge through self-effort alone and arrive at it by accumulating merit through good deeds. The Bible indicates that God loves those who share his teachings with those who are prepared to receive them. In addition, they state that one’s knowledge should not be used to confuse others. Since people are deluded and ignorant, they should be permitted to practice whatever inferior Dharma they choose.
Significance of outsiders gaining a better understanding of Hinduism
Some of the main reasons it would be important for outsiders to gain a better understanding of Hinduism include helping them do away with the various myths about Hinduism and helping them learn about the main beliefs of Hinduism. Adequate knowledge of Hinduism by outsiders will help them address multiple myths such as Hindus worshipping idols, cows, are all vegetarians, and the religion supports a discriminatory caste system. Other myths about Hinduism include Karma is fatalistic, Hindu women putting on “red dots” on their foreheads are married, and women are subservient in Hinduism. Generally, no Hindu will ever claim to worship an idol because they believe that a physical representation of God in the form of an idol assists them in concentrating on a particular feature of prayer. This would make it clear to outsiders that Hindus do not worship cows but rather believe that all living things have souls. However, cows have a special position in Hindu culture hence they do not consume beef. Cows are viewed as compassionate, maternal creatures that give milk and additional food sources. Due to that, they are respected for their worth. Better understanding will also help outsiders learn that Hinduism does not support a discriminatory caste system but, instead, caste discrimination is caused by various aspects of culture. Hindu literature outlined an old system of an occupational class known as caste, which evolved into a rigid social order over time (Quigley, 2022, p. 553). The untouchables or lowest castes were ostracized and persecuted. Several Hindus have claimed that caste-based discrimination is not essential to Hinduism and should never be considered religiously initiated.
Outsiders will also be able to understand and define the major beliefs of Hinduism, such as Dharma, Atman, Varna, Karma, Samsara, Purushartha, Moksha, Brahman, and Bhagavan and Ishvara. Atman generally means ‘everlasting self’. In Hinduism, there are numerous intriguing perceptions of the self, starting with the self as God’s eternal servant to the self as God. Understanding the self to be immortal lends credence to the concept of reincarnation, as the same infinite being can dwell in temporary bodies. The concept of atman implies the notion of the self as a spiritual instead of material existence; hence, Hinduism lays emphasis on disinterest in the material world and encourages behaviours like asceticism. Therefore, it may be claimed that the atman has a human experience on Earth, as opposed to human beings having a spiritual experience. Dharma is a crucial concept in Hinduism which signifies ‘obligation,’ ‘virtue, ‘morality,’ and ‘religion,’ besides alluding to the force that sustains the universe and civilization (Lipner, 2019). Hindus have a belief that Dharma was disclosed in the Vedas, while Rita is the more common term for “universal rule” or “righteousness” in the Vedas. Dharma is the power that sustains a community since it results in grass growth, the sun shining, and making human beings act ethically.
How outsiders can better understand Hinduism
Some ways outsiders can learn and effectively understand Hinduism include watching films and documentaries about Hinduism, watching and listening to Hindu songs, taking online courses, finding a mentor, taking a college course on ancient Hinduism, and reading the Vedas. Vedas are the oldest Hindu religious books and provide various information concerning the ancient practice of Hinduism. They offer samples of hymns of devotion, rituals, and sacrifice rites, as well as crucial information about daily living for the ancient Hindu people. Those interested in learning more about Hinduism can access various inexpensive or free online learning materials and interactive classes. Most of these courses can be completed at an individual’s leisure, so there is no requirement to finish assignments by a specific date. It is a terrific method to include education in a hectic schedule.
Mentors have been a vital component of Hinduism from its inception and are believed to be human manifestations of god. They are educators who serve as role models for their students. Learning from someone with knowledge and awareness of both the lower and higher understanding of Hinduism can be highly beneficial, especially if you’re interested in converting to Hinduism. These mentors can be a professor, a member of the Hindu temple, or anyone with more information than you do about ancient Hinduism. Outsiders can also enrol in local community colleges and universities to study Hinduism and its related courses. To learn more about ancient Hinduism, they might need to enrol in courses in the departments of history, archaeology, philosophy, and religious studies.
In conclusion, Hinduism is one of the complex and oldest religions that people should take much time to study and learn about its essential aspects. The lack of a specific founder and use of numerous sources, including texts, has been attributed to many outsiders finding it hard to understand Hinduism. There are different texts about Hinduism, the majority of them interpreting the religion differently; hence people cannot gain relevant knowledge about the origin and practice of Hinduism. However, outsiders should be helped to learn about this Eastern religion so that some of the myths attributed to it can be dispelled. People can better understand Hinduism by reading the Vedas, seeking knowledge from mentors, watching films and documentaries and enrolling in various courses linked to Hinduism.
Quigley, D. (2022). On the Relationship between Caste and Hinduism. Wiley Blackwell Companion to Hinduism, 551–564. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119144892.ch30
Lipner, J. (2019). The Truth of Dharma and the Dharma of Truth: Reflections on Hinduism as a Dharmic Faith. International Journal of Hindu Studies. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11407-019-09262-3
Michaels, A. (2021). Hinduism. Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.1515/9780691234014
Viswanathan, G. (2022). Colonialism and the Construction of Hinduism. Wiley Blackwell Companion to Hinduism, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119144892.ch1
HIPPA Privacy Rule – Legal Issue Writing Sample
Provision of mental health services in patients with substance abuse and diverse mental disorder calls for joint efforts among the various stakeholders. Care aims to provide comprehensive healthcare services that enhance emotional, spiritual, and social well-being. This calls for joint efforts between psychiatrists, PMHNP, Mental health providers, caregivers, therapists, family members, and providers to provide medical and social support for guaranteed health outcomes for the affected persons (Moore & Frye, 2019). The relevant stakeholders should share patient information to foster care coordination and enhance improved health outcomes of the affected person (Moore & Frye, 2019).
The information should be secured from unauthorized personnel and shared securely to ensure it reaches the intended user. HIPPA is a federal law that governs individuals’ health information sharing to avoid breaches that may contradict patients’ privacy (Moore & Frye, 2019). The HIPPA law is of great essence in delivering mental healthcare services as mental disorders are highly sensitive, and patients require their information to be treated with privacy to avoid exposure to uninterested parties (Moore & Frye, 2019). The law helps to ensure patients’ treatment records are well secured during the entire treatment and only revealed in case of any legal needs of the information or once the patient consents for the information to be shared. Many controversies surround the level at which patients’ information should be shared by mental health providers (Moore & Frye, 2019).
Lack of information sharing would be a barrier to providing comprehensive healthcare services. Thus, HIPPA law regulates the degree to which information is shared while keeping it private (Moore & Frye, 2019). Patients with mental disorders may be unable to make informed clinical decisions and decisions concerning their patients’ health information privacy. Based on this aspect, the HIPPA laws grants rights to patients’ representatives to access patients’ medical information through the HIPPA access rights (Moore & Frye, 2019).
HIPPA Privacy Rule – Ethical Issue
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act governs patients’ health information privacy in the United States. The act was initially designed to protect employees’ rights to health insurance between jobs, but currently, it covers the privacy measures to help govern the disclosure and use of patients’ information (Theodos & Sittig, 2021). The HIPPA law still faces some ethical controversies with allegations that it obstructs coordinated clinical care. The top healthcare providers argue that the law restricts them from delivery of an experience that matches the current technological changes (Theodos & Sittig, 2021). Consumers are adamant about using the system portals and prefer to directly text their care providers through messages and emails about their healthcare needs (Theodos & Sittig, 2021). Most patients are used to seamless communications and thus prefer to communicate with their care providers directly and want the same from them, thus creating biasness in using the system portal (Theodos & Sittig, 2021).
Suicide Risk Assessment Tool
The Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) is an evidence-based tool used to assess patients at risk of suicide. The tool has successfully been implemented across diverse settings, including colleges, schools, fire departments, and military bases, to screen patients (Bjureberg et al., 2021). the tool was initially developed by Columbia University in collaboration with the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and has since then been adopted by highly reputable organizations such as the Department of Defense, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, National Institute of Health and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA) (Bjureberg et al., 2021).
The tool screens patients suspected of suicidal ideations or attempts through a rating scale where a patient is rated from “Wish to be Dead” to active suicidal ideations with intent, specific plan, and behaviors. The tool can be administered as a self-report or interview format (Bjureberg et al., 2021). The tool can identify individual behaviors that may indicate intent to commit suicide. Patients obtaining scores of 8 to 10 are at high risk of committing suicide and thus require close monitoring (Bjureberg et al., 2021).
Violence Risk Assessment Tool
Healthcare workers, especially mental health care providers, have been subject to increased incidences of violence. The violence may occur in the form of physical threats, excessive workloads, social undermining, intimidation, or physical attacks from patients (Sarver et al., 2019). Notably, the affected persons feel demeaned and may lose morale to undertake their duties to perfection, thus contributing to the health outcomes of the patients. The Brøset violence checklist (BVC) is an evidence-based tool that can help to detect violence within diverse encounters or environments (Sarver et al., 2019). The tool is composed of 6 items that help to assess the presence or absence of three patient behaviors, inclusive physical threats, verbal attacks, and attacks on objects (Sarver et al., 2019). Notably, people portraying two or more of these behaviors are subject to be violent for 24 hours.
Mental disorders are associated with high rates of stigma, and the affected patients require their information to be held with high levels of privacy. The HPPA laws are primarily devised to govern the patient’s health information protection to avoid breach of patient’s privacy. The HIPPA act was introduced in the country to govern the sharing of patient information to foster care coordination while upholding their privacy. Patients with advanced stages of mental disorders are at high risk of suicide. Thus, using the Columbia suicide severity rating scale helps identify patients with suicidal ideations to help initiate timely interventions. Workplace violence is a common encounter in clinical areas that may come from colleagues or patients and notably, the Brøset violence checklist helps to screen people who are subject to violence.
Bjureberg, J., Dahlin, M., Carlborg, A., Edberg, H., Haglund, A., & Runeson, B. (2021). Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale Screen Version: initial screening for suicide risk in a psychiatric emergency department. Psychological medicine, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291721000751
Moore, W., & Frye, S. (2019). Review of HIPAA, part 1: history, protected health information, and privacy and security rules. Journal of nuclear medicine technology, 47(4), 269-272. https://doi.org/10.2967/jnmt.119.227819
Sarver, W. L., Radziewicz, R., Coyne, G., Colon, K., & Mantz, L. (2019). Implementation of the Brøset Violence Checklist on an acute psychiatric unit. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 25(6), 476-486. https://doi.org/10.11771078390318820668
Theodos, K., & Sittig, S. (2021). Health information privacy laws in the digital age: HIPAA doesn’t apply. Perspectives in health information management, 18(Winter). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7883355/
Hitler, The Socialists, And The Idea Of Community Sample Essay
Germany was compelled by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles to make war debt payments that it could not afford. If the Ruhr Valley disaster had not occurred in 1923, the state might not have withstood World War I’s devastation. Germany was capable of returning to its feet fiscally after the Dawes Agreement was signed in 1924 until the Great Depression arrived in 1929. The Great Depression had a devastating effect on Germany’s economy since it was the worst-hit country. When Germany fell into ruin, various political movements arose to try to reconcile the country’s citizens (McKay et al., 2022). Adolf Hitler led the National Socialist party, one of these movements. After World War One, this political movement was born. Hitler’s charisma catapulted him to the top of the Nazi party as he became more committed. Adolf Hitler’s philosophy of National Socialism is examined in this essay, as is how he exploited community ideology to build the Nazi state.
Central Ideas Within the Nazi Ideology and Key Goals
The Fascist regime was the precursor to National Socialism. Fascism evolved in the 1920s and 1930s as a viable alternative to capitalism and communism, the two dominant forms of government of the time (McKay et al., 2022). In 1922, the fascist administration seized control of Italy with ideas like national exaltation, growing the state at the cost of others, a state-controlled economy, the importance of the state over the person, and a dictatorship regime. Mussolini had a lengthy and effective dictatorship in Italy under fascism’s ideals, which he held until 1943. There are many parallels between pre-Mussolini and pre-Hitler Germany. Both countries’ economies were in tatters due to their wartime debts, huge unemployment rates, and general decline. According to Rosenberg (1941), Adolf Hitler’s early life matched that of Mussolini in several aspects, and after Mussolini seized power, Hitler actively mimicked Mussolini’s tactics and triumphs to establish the National Socialist in Germany. Hitler employed three major fascist philosophies to unify Germany and gain the support of the German people.
Germans’ romanticized sense of their country’s glory was foundational to the National Socialist movement under Hitler’s leadership. Hitler used national symbols and traditions to romanticize the German psyche (McKay et al., 2022). The National Socialists organized massive rallies to further the Nazi cause and bring the German people together under the social party’s banner. The parade of the Blood Flag to Feldherrnhalle was one of Hitler’s most important emblems and ceremonies, commemorating the sixteen men who died in the Nazis’ first failed attempt to take over the German government. With its importance, the Blood Flag became so revered that other flags were blessed by touching them with it as if they received the blessing of those who died in battle. This was a rallying point for the German people to rally behind the National Socialist cause. With swastika banners artfully draped on attractive buildings, Hitler would organize grandiose meetings in Berlin that would influence the sentiments of followers and promote unity. According to Nuremberg Laws (1935), the mass rally’s sense of community builds party spirit by strengthening individuality and the group as a whole. By romanticizing National Socialism, Hitler used the fascist ideology to unify Germany under the Nazi regime and organization, which was a very successful strategy for him to deploy.
A combination of anti-Semitism, nationalism and anti-German romanticism fueled by anti-Semitism helped bring the Germans together behind the National Socialist banner. The German people regained their pride in their country, and Hitler pushed forward with his plans to expand German territory. This made Adolf Hitler and the National Socialists more appealing than the unsuccessful liberalism that sparked the worst economic disaster Germany had seen since it became a nation.
McKay, J. P., Hill, B. D., Buckler, J., Crowston, C. H., Wiesner-Hanks, M. E., & Perry, J. (2022). A History of Western Society, Volume 1: From Antiquity to the Enlightenment (Vol. 2). Macmillan.
Nuremberg Laws. (1935). Nuremberg Race Laws: Reich Citizenship Law and Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor.
Rosenberg, A. (1941). The Jewish Question as World Problem.