Effects Of Avatar Race In Violent Video Games On Racial Attitudes And Aggression Free Essay


Yang et al. (576) “Effects of Avatar Race in Violent Video Games on Racial Attitudes and Aggression” research analyzes how avatar race affects racial attitudes and violence. This paper will critique the writers’ rhetoric. This essay will develop an assertion regarding the authors’ effectiveness in presenting their research and supporting evidence by analyzing rhetorical strategies, such as appeals to logos.

Rhetorical Appeals and Logos

The authors employ various rhetorical strategies throughout the article to present a persuasive argument based on logos, appealing to the readers’ logic and reasoning. They establish the topic’s significance, highlighting the potential influence of avatar race in video games on individuals’ attitudes and behavior. By emphasizing the relevance of this research in understanding real-world implications, they establish a logical foundation for their study.

Additionally, the authors provide a comprehensive review of previous literature to support their claims and establish credibility. They cite various studies and academic sources, demonstrating a well-researched and informed perspective. By citing respected experts and professors, the writers bolster their thesis.

The research also collects and analyzes data using experimental design and statistical analysis. The writers demonstrate impartiality and scientific rigor by detailing their methodologies and measurements. This appeals to the readers’ logical thinking by demonstrating that the research was conducted with care and precision.

Use of Data and Statistical Analysis

The article makes good use of data and statistical analysis. The authors use graphs and tables to communicate their findings. The authors prove their statements with statistical significance.

The authors also use data to establish correlations and relationships between avatar race, racial attitudes, and aggression levels. Through regression analyses and inferential statistics, they demonstrate the associations between these variables. This appeals to the readers’ logical reasoning by providing quantifiable evidence and reinforcing the study’s credibility.

The statistical study is robust; however, the article does not explore the processes or possible confounding factors that may impact the observed associations. This constraint may have been solved to improve findings from research.

Tone and Language Choices

In terms of rhetoric, the authors adopt a relatively neutral and academic tone throughout the article. They use precise and technical language to explain the study’s methodology and results, catering to their target audience of scholars and researchers. This choice of language enhances the credibility and professionalism of the research.

Furthermore, the authors strategically incorporate transitional phrases and logical connectors to ensure the coherence and flow of their arguments. By structuring their article with clear section headings and subheadings, they guide readers through the study’s main points and findings. This organization aids in understanding the complex concepts and data presented.

Counterarguments and Refutation

An effective rhetorical analysis acknowledges and addresses counterarguments, and “Effects of Avatar Race in Violent Video Games on Racial Attitudes and Aggression” presents alternative perspectives and refutes them with logical reasoning. The authors recognize the potential criticism that virtual environments do not accurately reflect real-world attitudes and behaviors. They address this concern by arguing that virtual experiences can still shape individuals’ cognitive associations and stereotypes, which can have real-world implications.

Additionally, the study anticipates the criticism that the effect sizes of avatar race on racial attitudes and aggression may be small and inconsequential. To counter this, Yang et al. (576) emphasize the statistical significance of their findings, indicating that even small effects can have meaningful societal implications. By addressing these counterarguments, the authors strengthen their argument by demonstrating their awareness of alternative viewpoints and providing rational responses.

Appeals to Ethos and Pathos

While the primary focus of this rhetorical analysis is on the appeal to logos, it is important to briefly discuss the limited use of appeals to ethos and pathos in the article. Yang et al. (576) establish their credibility through their extensive literature review, showcasing their knowledge of the existing research in the field. This appeal to ethos enhances their authority and positions them as experts in the subject matter.

Regarding pathos, the article does not heavily rely on emotional appeals. However, the authors emphasize the potential consequences of racial biases perpetuated through video games, linking them to larger societal issues. By highlighting the social implications and the need for further research, they evoke a sense of concern and urgency in the readers.

Use of Visuals and Multimedia

In addition to the rhetorical strategies discussed earlier, “Effects of Avatar Race in Violent Video Games on Racial Attitudes and Aggression” incorporates visuals and multimedia elements to enhance its effectiveness. Graphs, tables, and figures illustrate the study’s results. These graphic tools make statistical analysis clearer and more engaging for readers.

The strategic use of visuals allows readers to quickly grasp complex concepts and trends. The graphs and tables effectively illustrate the relationships between avatar race, racial attitudes, and aggression levels, visually representing the statistical correlations. This visual appeal appeals to the readers’ sense of logic by presenting information in a format that is easy to comprehend and analyze.

Furthermore, including multimedia elements, such as screenshots or examples from video games, could have further strengthened the authors’ argument. By visually depicting the avatars and their racial characteristics, readers would have a clearer understanding of the visual cues to which participants in the study were exposed. This visual representation could have heightened the impact of the research findings and made them more relatable to readers.

Organization and Structure

The organization and structure of “Effects of Avatar Race in Violent Video Games on Racial Attitudes and Aggression” contribute to its effectiveness in conveying the research. The article follows a logical progression, with clear section headings and subheadings that guide readers through the study’s main points. This structured technique helps readers follow the writers’ logic.

The article covers the research’s introduction, methodology, findings, and discussion. This structure helps readers find essential information and comprehend each segment. Additionally, the authors provide clear topic sentences at the beginning of paragraphs, stating the overall claim of the paragraph. This aids comprehension and ensures the article maintains a coherent flow of ideas.

Moreover, the article employs transitional phrases and logical connectors to establish connections between ideas and create a cohesive narrative. These linguistic devices help readers follow the authors’ thought process and clearly understand the arguments presented. The authors effectively convey their research findings and support their arguments by employing a well-structured and organized approach.


In conclusion, the rhetorical analysis of “Effects of Avatar Race in Violent Video Games on Racial Attitudes and Aggression” by Yang et al. (576) reveals that the authors effectively employ rhetorical strategies, particularly appeals to logos, to present their research and findings. The article showcases a logical approach supported by empirical evidence and a comprehensive literature review. The authors successfully address counterarguments, utilize data and statistical analysis, and employ a neutral tone and precise language. While the article could benefit from a deeper exploration of underlying mechanisms and increased accessibility, it effectively engages readers and persuades them of the significance of avatar race in video games.

Work Cited

Yang, Grace, et al. Social Psychological and Personality Science Effects of Avatar Race in Violent Video Games on Racial Attitudes and Aggression on Behalf Of: Society for Personality and Social Psychology Association for Research in Personality European Association of Social Psychology Society of Experimental and Social Psychology Can Be Found At: Social Psychological and Personality Science Additional Services and Information For. 2014, pdfs.semanticscholar.org/74a1/1f82cee26ef5d8ca8514d269f6b6457d4a1c.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550614528008.

Leadership And Education From A Christian Worldview Essay Example For College

Leadership and education from a Christian worldview refer to the principles, values, and perspectives derived from Christian teachings that guide and inform leadership and educational practices. This implies that educators and leaders integrate Christian beliefs, values, and ethical standards to guide their actions, understanding, and decision-making. From a Christian Worldview, education recognizes the importance of human beings as created in the image of God. Thus, it aims to enhance human development and nurture them intellectually, spiritually, morally, emotionally, and from other social dimensions (Greenleaf, 2021). Typically, Christian education uses biblical truths and principles in teaching and learning to ensure a Christian perspective on various subjects and disciplines. On the other hand, from a Christian view, leadership is seen as a responsibility based on service, humility, and integrity (Campbellsville University, 2018). Christian leaders are supposed to follow the path of Jesus Christ as a leader. Christian leadership involves leading with compassion, fairness, and accountability. Therefore, this research paper will analyze a theory of education and leadership from a Christian worldview and develop a proposal for leadership that aligns with Christian values. The papers will be based on servant leadership theory and social-emotional learning theory and explore the integration of these theories in guiding leaders who seek to lead with integrity and faith. Typically, the Christian worldview of leadership and education helps base related actions on Christianity, eliminating personal biases.

Servant leadership theory

Servant leadership is the idea that leaders’ highest priority is serving others. Therefore, a leader is a servant before working on their objectives in the leadership position. Typically, the servant leadership theory suggests that leaders should prioritize the needs of their followers, serving and supporting them, rather than seeking power or personal gain (Resane, 2020). Servant leaders’ primary focus is ensuring their followers have the resources, skills, and attention to make an organizational impact; they set a strategic vision and communicate it clearly to followers, guide the followers on the direction to take based on their responsibilities, and enhance their team members confidence, ability to make decisions and nurture their collaboration skills. From a Christian worldview, leaders look up to Jesus as the ultimate servant leader. This is because a servant leader should follow Jesus Christ’s example as He led with humility, compassion, and selflessness in His interactions with those he served, including His disciples. Therefore, by embracing His teachings, servant leaders learn the importance of loving and helping others.

Social-emotional learning theory

Social-emotional learning (SEL) theory is an educational framework that focuses on developing and enhancing learners’ social and emotional skills, attitudes, and competencies. It recognizes the importance of addressing the whole child, not just their academic achievements, by exploring various core competencies (DESE). One of them is self-awareness which is the ability of an individual to understand their thoughts, emotions, and how they impact those around them. Another core competency is self-management, which refers to managing one’s thoughts, behaviors, feelings, and adverse situations and achieving personal goals. The third core competency is social awareness, which defines a person’s ability to understand diverse perspectives, especially from people who hold different beliefs due to cultural and context diversity, and empathize with them. The other core competency is an individual’s responsible decision-making to make informed choices about oneself and those they interact with. Viewing the theory from a Christian worldview, social-emotional learning theory aligns with many principles and values emphasized in the teachings of Jesus and biblical wisdom. They include love, empathy, human dignity, character development, self-reflection, and social responsibility. Typically, social learning theory is critical in providing a framework that supports positive social and emotional development in students that aligns with Christianity principles and values.

Implications for Education

The Christian worldview has diverse implications in education. Firstly, it nurtures spiritual growth and character development. Christianity acknowledges that human beings require action as they are not inherently intellectual. Thus, education is essential in helping students access opportunities that support spiritual growth to deepen their relationship with God. Educators nurture students’ spiritual growth by providing opportunities for prayer, reflection, and exploration of faith through Bible studies and having conversations about Christian values (Kilner, 2015). As a result, learners grow up in line with Christian liking, which positively impacts their personal, educational, and career life. Also, Christian-driven education helps develop students’ character by cultivating virtues such as honesty, kindness, humility, and integrity that align with biblical teachings. Educators incorporate character development for students by giving them projects that require ethical approaches and moral conduct so they can apply different virtues.

Another impact of the Christian worldview on education is creating an inclusive learning environment. Referring to biblical teachings and perspectives, Jesus showed love, acceptance, and care for others, regardless of their differences or backgrounds. Therefore, a Christian worldview implies the same in education by emphasizing creating a safe and welcoming space where all students feel valued, respected, and supported regardless of their background. Ways educators promote an inclusive learning environment include engaging in open dialogues with all students, creating opportunities for students to share their thoughts, asking questions from students’ perspectives which their backgrounds may influence, and engaging in respectful discussions about faith, values, and other matters without taking positions based on their religion (Savarirajan & Fong, 2019). As a result, students feel comfortable learning in an empathetic environment where they have equal access to education and opportunities for growth. Notably, the role of educators in incorporating a Christian worldview extends to actively seeking to identify and address biases, prejudices, and inequalities that may exist within an educational setting.

The other implication of the Christian worldview in education is integrating biblical principles into curriculum and instruction. This is a significant way education is derived from a Christian worldview, making it easier for educators to help students understand the world through a Christian lens. Educators heavily rely on the bible for references which helps them instill a deeper understanding of God’s creation (Hussin, 2021). Diverse ways educators do this include teaching biblical narratives and themes about creation, humanity, and their impact on culture, values, and human experiences. As a result, students develop a greater sense of using biblical principles and applying faith in all their areas of life to think critically and make informed decisions, lead a morally good life, and engage thoughtfully with others worldwide.

Implications for leadership

Christian worldview also has diverse implications, including servant leadership exemplified by Jesus Christ. Typically, servant leaders who lead from a Christian worldview try to emulate the type of leadership Jesus Christ portrayed as a servant leader. As servant leaders, Christian leaders should refer to Jesus Christ as an example so they can practice the values and virtues taught by Jesus. Servant leaders must also understand the importance of selflessness among servant leaders by first acknowledging they are servants rather than authoritative figures (Robbins, 2020). In this way, Christian leaders show empathy, actively listen to the concerns and needs of their followers, and guide them compassionately. As a result, embracing servant leadership creates an environment that nurtures others to grow into servant leaders.

Another implication of the Christian worldview is leadership is cultivating a culture of trust, respect, and accountability. Christian leaders acknowledge these aspects as factors that influence successful leadership and align them with their actions and behaviors to emerge outstanding leaders in their organizations. Therefore, one way the Christian worldview reflects in leadership implication of these aspects is by building trust with their followers. Leaders ensure their words translate to actions, maintain transparent communication about organizational issues, and treat their followers with utmost integrity (Robbins, 2020). Christian leaders do so to promote respect by acknowledging the value and worth of human dignity and treating their followers as a reflection of God’s image. For accountability, leaders ensure their followers take full responsibility for their roles but provide them with the necessary resources to take full accountability for what they do.

Emphasizing the value of servant-hearted leadership is yet another implication of the Christian worldview in leadership. Christian leaders believe that the servant leadership approach is rooted in the teachings and example of Jesus Christ. Leaders commonly face adverse situations in their line of duty, requiring them to think critically about their decisions to ensure they are morally rooted and aligned with Christian ethics (Appleton, 2020). Thus, they strive to practice servant leadership by prioritizing the needs of others above their own. Also, servant leaders seek to understand and meet the needs of their team members by actively listening to their concerns and providing support so that their followers reach their full potential.

The other implication of the Christian worldview in leadership is promoting ethical decision-making based on biblical principles (Wilhoit, 1991). Christian leaders believe that biblical principles entail moral teachings and values that help align their decisions with those that God would make. Typically, leaders who make ethical choices apply biblical wisdom to evaluate the impact of each decision on their followers and settle on the most harmless decision (Wilhoit, 1991). Notably, the impact of ethical decisions is based on a Christian leader’s ability to integrate moral values in making those decisions, demonstrating a commitment to righteousness and upholding the principles of justice and morality taught by Jesus. Additionally, they must balance ethical considerations with organizational goals by ensuring they do not conflict.

Proposal for Christian Leadership

Since leadership from a Christian worldview is rooted in the principles and teachings of Jesus Christ, there are various principles that leaders can integrate to lead with authenticity, integrity, and a deep commitment to Christian values (Kok & Van Den Heuvel, 2019). One of the aspects of the proposed framework that Christian leaders can utilize is identifying themselves with servant leadership. This involves Christian leaders understanding the characteristics of servant leadership, such as putting others first by prioritizing their needs and interests. Another aspect is leading with humility, which involves acknowledging limitations, admitting mistakes, and valuing the contributions of others. Demonstrating empathy is another servant leadership characteristic where leaders understand and relate to their followers’ experiences, emotions, and struggles. Importantly, nurturing other people’s growth by investing in their growth also signifies a servant leader.

Another way Christian leaders identify themselves with servant leadership is by looking up to Jesus Christ as the ultimate example of a servant leader. Jesus Christ demonstrated servant leadership throughout His ministry through His words, actions, and interactions with others (Stanton, 2019). Therefore Christian leaders, by using Jesus as an example, learn valuable aspects they can emulate while serving others. One critical lesson Christian leaders can learn by imitating Jesus Christ as a servant leader is compassion in serving others and uplifting them through their actions and words.

The third way Christian leaders can identify themselves as servant leaders is by understanding how vital humility, empathy, and selflessness are in leadership. Servant leaders need to realize that humility allows them to understand others, learn their strengths and weaknesses, and how they affect others so they can aim to create an accommodative environment taht is welcoming and inspiring to all individuals (Galvão-Sobrinho, 2021). They also need to learn the role of empathy in helping them appreciate others for who they are, even when they hold diverse perspectives that differ from theirs. The last aspect servant leaders need to develop a deeper understanding of its importance is selflessness as a virtue that supports the growth of others.

The proposed framework’s second guideline is for aspiring leaders with leadership to learn about ethical decision-making. This involves understanding the role of biblical principles in guiding ethical decision-making. Usually, teachings in the bible principles teach what is right and wrong, just and unjust, and morally acceptable or unacceptable when making decisions (Appleton, 2020). Therefore, Christian leaders must understand biblical principles that guide ethical decision-making to use knowledge and concepts such as honesty, integrity, justice, fairness, compassion, and respect for human dignity.to guide their decisions.

Another way to practice ethical decision-making is to balance organizational goals with ethical considerations and long-term consequences. Leaders face challenges in making decisions that must account for ethical impacts and achieve organizational goals. Most leaders evaluate short-term outcomes and are tempted to prioritize organizational goals at the expense of ethical considerations (Stanton, 2019). However, Christian leaders remain firm in their decisions by ensuring they do not compromise the Christian values of a leader to achieve short-term profitability, efficiency, and success that will have negative long-term impacts. Therefore, Christian leaders rely on guidance from biblical principles to engage in critical thinking and ethical reasoning and make morally correct decisions. Notably, Christian leaders consider how their choices reflect the love of God and the well-being of others to determine whether their choices align with the teachings of Jesus.

Visionary and purposeful leadership is another aspect of the prosed plan of incorporating a Christian worldview in leadership (McGregor, 1960). In this aspect, Christian leaders align organizational missions with Christian values. This means that leaders integrate faith with their leadership responsibilities. It means the also organizational mission aligns with the principles and teachings of Christianity so that actions taken to achieve the mission upholds biblical values such as love, justice, compassion, and stewardship. Also, aligning leadership with Christianity means leadership promotes spiritual growth and development as followers aspire to emulate a leader whose leadership is based on Christian teachings.

Another aspect of visionary and purposeful leadership in the proposed framework for Christian leaders is encouraging personal and professional growth through mentorship and development opportunities. They can achieve this by recognizing potential and unique talents, supporting the individuals through mentorship, and providing them with development opportunities to help them reach their potential. Christian leaders could also create a culture that values continuous learning and development by providing training, education, and skill-building opportunities that align with organizational goals and Christian teachings. They can also invest time and effort in mentoring and coaching their team members (Galvão-Sobrinho, 2021). Notably, the success of visionary and purposeful leadership depends on the ability of leaders to communicate a good vision and create a corporate culture that empowers followers. This is based on whether Christian leaders’ visions are compelling and whether they resonate with the followers and Christian values.

The other aspect of the proposed framework for Christian leaders is cultivating a culture of trust, respect, and accountability. They can achieve this by promoting trust and open communication to build healthy relationships with their followers. It also involves creating a respectful culture; hence Christian leaders should strive to develop a culture of respect where all team members are treated with fairness, dignity, and kindness. This promotes inclusivity among all followers as Christian leaders value individuals from diverse backgrounds and their perspectives and experiences. Lastly, leaders who want to base their leadership on Christianity should ensure individual accountability in adhering to ethical considerations (Stoyanov & Diderich, 2017). This calls for Christian leaders to establish clear expectations and standards of behavior, outlining ethical principles that guide their follower’s decisions and actions. At the same time, they ought to hold themselves and others accountable for their behavior, addressing mistakes they make appropriately so they can serve as role models to those they lead.

Evaluating the proposal against a Christian worldview

The effectiveness of the proposed Christian leadership framework depends on how well it aligns with Christian teachings (Stoyanov & Diderich, 2017). The proposal must align with the Christian worldview to be relevant to Christian leaders. Therefore, evaluations against a Christian worldview ensure that the proposed leadership and educational practices are firmly grounded in the Christian faith and align with the teachings and values of Christianity. One of the ways to evaluate the proposal against a Christian worldview is to determine if it aligns with biblical teachings (Stanton, 2019). One of the aspects to consider is whether the proposal is consistent with biblical principles. The proposal for Christian leadership emphasizes that Christian leaders ensure their proposed leadership practices and educational approaches are in harmony with biblical guidance. This involves using biblical passages and teachings that align with love, justice, compassion, integrity, and humility. Also, throughout their leadership practice, they should constantly assess whether the proposed methods and strategies within their leadership align with biblical principles of servant leadership, ethical conduct, and stewardship and adjust towards Christian teachings.

Another aspect to consider in evaluating the proposal against a Christian worldview to ensure alignment with biblical teachings is whether the proposal addresses potential conflicts or challenges from a Christian worldview perspective. Usually, such a proposal may raise disputes that do not agree with a Christian worldview. Therefore, the proposal must address potential conflicts or challenges from a Christian worldview perspective by examining aspects that may contradict or deviate from biblical teachings. Potential issues likely to cause conflicts include a lack of fairness, justice, and moral decision-making (Galvão-Sobrinho, 2021). After identifying the conflicts, the role of Christian leaders should be geared towards resolving these conflicts so the proposal aligns with a Christian worldview. They can do this by modifying the practices to support Christian perspectives. Leaders can also opt for alternative approaches that better reflect biblical values.

The last aspect in evaluating the proposal to confirm its alignment with biblical teachings is ensuring it upholds Christian ethics and values. This will help Christians know their leadership adheres to faith-based moral standards. In this proposal evaluation, Christian leaders consider whether the proposal promotes fairness, honesty, and respect for human dignity, as humans are created in the image of God. Christian ethics and values .typically, a proposal that upholds Christian ethics and values promotes inclusivity, diversity, and the well-being of all individuals involved, including students, teachers, and staff from all backgrounds (Robbins, 2020). Additionally, the proposal should align with the biblical teachings of love for one’s neighbors and the pursuit of justice and righteousness as taught and demonstrated by Jesus Christ in His works.

Impact on Individuals and Communities

Evaluating the proposal’s impact on individuals and communities is helpful to ensure the integration of Christian principles and values in leadership supports personal growth and contributes to community wellness. Therefore, one of the essential factors to consider in determining how the proposal for Christian leadership impacts individuals is evaluating how it contributes to their well-being. Typically, education and leadership founded on Christian teachings ought to promote individual well-being in all life aspects by nurturing their spiritual, intellectual, emotional, and social growth (Alexander, 2019). The overall development is enhanced by leaders creating a supportive and inclusive environment for all individuals to learn where they feel valued, respected, and safe. This helps individuals adopt skills taht support critical thinking and the ability to make informed decisions. Also, for their personal growth, the proposal for Christian leadership supports their unique talents so they reach their full potential.

For communities, a critical factor to consider in evaluating the impact of a Christian leadership proposal is determining the proposal’s potential to influence communities positively. Usually, the proposal’s impact extends beyond the individual level to the community as the larger context. Therefore, Christian leaders must be sure of the proposal’s ability positively impact community members in all their life areas. A proposal with potential positive influence encourages community engagement and service, promotes social responsibility, and creates opportunities for community members’ active participation in society (Gaitho, 2019). It involves equipping members with the necessary skills and knowledge to address societal issues and contribute to positive change while addressing the community’s needs, honoring their values, and maintaining their cultural context. Lastly, the proposal only positively impacts communities if it aligns with the community identity.

Lastly, evaluating the proposal’s impact on individuals and the community involves considering the long-term implications of the proposal on society. Christian leadership and education should focus on the long-term impacts of a proposal on society. This is based on whether the proposal instills values and principles that contribute to a just, compassionate, and equitable society to support society members in leading a morally upright and ethical life (Alexander, 2019). Also, the proposal should address the existing challenges in society to promote social justice for the benefit of all individuals.

Reflections on Personal Bias

Christian leaders must reflect on personal bias as it may affect their leadership, contradicting their alignment with a Christian worldview. One of the practices that Christian leaders should follow is recognizing and addressing personal biases in leadership. Since Christian leaders are also human beings, they should acknowledge they are prone to biases that may affect their decision-making, interactions, and overall leadership approach (Appleton, 2020). These personal biases may be influenced by race, gender, and socioeconomic status. Therefore, Christian leaders should practice self-awareness and be willing to challenge personal preconceptions that may hinder fair and equitable leadership.

Another practice Christian leaders can take to reflect on personal bias is analyzing how the proposal mitigates personal biases. Christian leaders should assess whether the proposal includes mechanisms and strategies that help overcome biases and promote inclusivity and fairness. Such mechanisms and strategies could incorporate diverse perspectives, appreciate the value of inclusiveness, and address discrimination and prejudice (Gaitho, 2019). Typically, these factors influence empathy and understanding to eliminate personal biases to create a bias-free environment.

The other practice is reflecting on personal growth and transformation in the process to understand why it is crucial to have a bias-free proposal. Some growth aspects Christian leaders can look for include deepened unique understanding of Christian principles and adopting more Christian values (Alexander, 2019). Christian leaders should maintain ongoing self-reflection, learning, and growth because personal biases can persist and thus need to be continually addressed for continued growth and development.

In coclusion, leadership and education from a Christian worldview are critical to integrating core Christian values and principles in leadership. Christian worldview impacts education by nurturing spiritual growth, promoting an inclusive learning environment, and using curriculum and instruction guided by biblical principles. On the other hand, the Christian worldview impacts leadership by emphasizing ethical decision-making, support practices of servant leadership, and cultivating a culture o respect, trust, and accountability. A proposal to incorporate Christian-based leadership should support ethical decision-making, support visionary and purposeful leadership and encourage servant leadership. Christian leaders must also assess the proposal’s alignment with biblical teachings for a compelling proposal. Also, the proposal should have positive impacts on individual personal growth and promote the wellness of the community. Additionally, Christian leaders must reflect on personal bias and be willing to challenge it so their leadership remains aligned with Christian teachings.


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Nursing Informatics In Health Care Sample Paper

Technology level has been advancing rapidly in about the last three decades. This has allowed efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery, leading to improved productivity. Healthcare has also embraced the emergence of technology in various areas, such as medication administration, leading to improved safety and outcomes. Technology has been adopted in various healthcare organizations at different levels, whereby some facilities are currently using the most recent technologies while others have not (Jeffery, 2019). For the technologies to be utilized appropriately in healthcare, some professionals, especially in nursing, have specialized in the area to guide other healthcare staff on how to use various equipment and systems associated with technology. That is the point where nursing informatics and nurse informaticists come in. For more understanding, an evidence-based proposal has been developed covering various areas such as Nursing Informatics and the nurse informaticist, nurse informaticists, and other health care organizations, the impact of full nurse engagement in health care technology, opportunities and challenges, as well as the summary of recommendations.

Nursing Informatics and the Nurse Informaticist

Nursing Informatics

Nursing informatics is considered a nursing specialty that combines nursing practices with other aspects, such as information science and computer science. The specialty aims at enhancing the use of information systems and technology in nursing to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of patient care, nursing practices, and healthcare outcomes. As technology continues to advance, this specialty should be supported significantly to ensure that the practices performed in healthcare use contemporary technology (Jeffery, 2019). The more nursing informatics is supported, the more the technologies are introduced in healthcare and utilized appropriately, thus promoting service delivery and patient safety. Healthcare facilities with no nursing informatics specialty risk losing much data and compromising patient safety due to inaccurate and inefficient service delivery.

The Roles of the Nurse Informaticist

Nursing professionals specializing in information systems and technology are considered as nurse informaticists. These professionals are also regarded as nurse informatics practitioners or nursing informatics specialists. They usually play different roles in a healthcare setting. However, the most common ones involve providing education and training to other healthcare providers in information systems and technology, system optimization, data management and analysis, and system implementation. In terms of education and training, these professionals usually develop training materials, carry out seminars and workshops, as well as give ongoing support to other healthcare providers on how to use healthcare technology efficiently and effectively. Regarding system optimization, nurse informaticists keep evaluating information systems and optimizing their usability and functionalities for improved outcomes. Nurse informaticists usually collaborate with other healthcare providers to identify areas that require improvement, solve system issues, and promote clinical workflow efficiency (Anderson et al., 2020). Moreover, in data management, nursing informaticists usually collect data related to clinical practice and analyze and manage it to facilitate quality improvement and delivery of evidence-based services. On system implementation, these professionals usually facilitate the adoption of various technologies and information systems in healthcare facilities through software configuration, designing workflows, and integrating various technologies into clinical practice.

Nurse Informaticists and Other Health Care Organizations

The Experience of Other Health Care Organizations with Nurse Informaticists

Almost every healthcare organization has nurse informatics. However, the benefit that such organizations experience from nursing informaticists vary depending on various factors such as the level of health information technology utilization, the level of technology adoption, the resources available, and the size of the facility.

For instance, nurse informaticists have enabled various healthcare organizations to improve their clinical workflows by identifying challenging areas, developing reliable electronic documentation strategies, and adopting standardized clinical practices, leading to minimal administrative burdens and improving efficiency. This has also contributed to streamlined processes due to technology use. Nurse informaticists have also enabled various organizations to improve patient safety by adopting clinical decision-support systems. Such systems usually provide healthcare providers with evidence-based guidelines, reminders, and alerts that increase their attention to patients, thus promoting patient safety. The systems achieve this goal by supporting clinical decision-making, helping to determine the risk of adverse events occurring, and reducing medication errors, that in turn contribute to improved patient safety (Anderson et al., 2020). Nursing informaticists have also facilitated the efficiency and effectiveness of nursing practices in various healthcare organizations by educating and training other nursing professionals on using various information systems and technologies.

How Nurse Informaticists Interact with Other Nursing Staff and Interdisciplinary Team

For effective outcomes in nursing informatics, nurse informaticists have to work closely with other professionals, such as nurses, physicians, and pharmacists. Nurse informaticists interact with such professionals in different ways, such as training them on how to use technologies adopted within the nursing setting, promoting interdisciplinary communication, and facilitating change management. For instance, nurse informaticists train physicians on how to use computerized physician order entry (CPOE) during medication prescription, nursing on how to use the barcode medication administration (BCMA) system during medication administration, and pharmacists on how to use drug information database, among other different types of technologies (Anderson et al., 2020). Besides, nursing informaticists liaise with various IT departments and clinical practitioners in a healthcare setting to serve as a medium of effective communication between such interdisciplinary teams. This is because these professionals can understand the language used by IT professionals and clinical practitioners, thus facilitating communication with interdisciplinary groups.

Impact of Full Nurse Engagement in Health Care Technology

Patient Care

Fully engagement in healthcare technology through nursing informatics is much beneficial to patient care. Nurse informaticists. According to the interview conducted with a nurse informaticist, it was evident that these professionals are in a better position to understand the gaps between the current practices to improve patient care and the best practices. Through such understanding, nurse informaticists can identify the most appropriate technology and enhance its implementation to bridge the gaps, thus promoting patient care (Sensmeier & Anderson, 2021). For instance, nurse informaticists can facilitate the adoption of BCMA in a healthcare facility to address medication errors, leading to improved patient safety.

Protected Health Information

Protecting patient health information is among the most vital practices in healthcare. Nurse informaticists and other healthcare professionals can apply different evidence-based strategies to protect patient health information. For instance, nurse informaticists can facilitate the adoption of electronic health record systems (EHRs) rather than using manual documentation (Sensmeier & Anderson, 2021). Through EHRs, patient information cannot be accessed by a third party other than the patient and the primary healthcare provider. This would significantly promote the protection of patient health information.


Technologies such as EHRs significantly facilitate workflow in a clinical setting. Through EHRs, patient information can be accessed easily compared to when using manual documentation. Easy access to patient information using this technology can enhance efficiency in workflow by reducing patient waiting times. Besides, when using this technology, patient information can be passed easily from one department to the other, such as from nurses to pharmacists for medication dispensing (Sensmeier & Anderson, 2021). This enhances efficiency in service delivery rather than nurses moving physically to the pharmacists for medications to be administered to patients.

Costs and Return on Investment

Nursing informatics has been one of the ways through which costs and return on investment are improved in healthcare. Nursing informatics has streamlined nursing workflows by automating routine tasks and reducing manual documentation (Pongco, 2020). This has, in turn, led to the maximization of nursing resources, thus promoting productivity and reducing overtime costs.

Nursing informatics has also contributed to a significant reduction in adverse events and errors in a clinical setting. This has been achieved through clinical decision-making systems, reminders, and real-time alert notifications. By reducing the occurrence of errors and adverse events, increased costs of treatment can be reduced, leading to cost savings.

Opportunities and Challenges

Nursing informaticists are required to collaborate with other healthcare professionals to promote quality care outcomes using technology (Pongco, 2020). There are several opportunities and challenges associated with interdisciplinary collaboration in technology use. The first opportunity is that nurse informaticists are equipped with adequate knowledge that they can share with other healthcare professionals to promote effective outcomes. For instance, they understand the type of technology that can be applied in case of increased medication errors in a clinical setting. They can share such knowledge with other professionals. The second opportunity is that there are numerous healthcare technologies that can be adopted in clinical practice (Pongco, 2020). Nursing informaticists can take advantage of numerous technologies and discuss with the interdisciplinary team the most appropriate technology that can be adopted in a given setting, depending on the available resources. On the other hand, the challenge that may be experienced is that most people do not embrace technology. Therefore, although nurse informaticists may facilitate the adoption of various technologies in a clinical setting, most healthcare providers may not embrace the change, leading to poor outcomes. Lastly, the most effective way the interdisciplinary team can collaborate to promote quality outcomes through technology is by developing an education and training program. Nurse informaticists can train other professionals to use various technologies in such programs.

Summary and Recommendations

There are several takeaways that can be obtained from the proposal. First, technology is critical in healthcare; therefore, nurse informatics should be introduced in every healthcare setting. Secondly, the most critical healthcare professionals who can enhance the use of information systems and technologies in healthcare are nurse informaticists. Therefore, these professionals cannot be avoided in a healthcare setting. In addition, nurse informaticists cannot work alone for effective and efficient outcomes. They require other healthcare providers whom they can train on how to use various types of technologies.


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Jeffery, A. D. (2019). ANI emerging leader project: Identifying challenges and opportunities in nursing data science. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing37(1), 1–3. 10.1097/CIN.0000000000000504

Pongco, T. (2020). The Year of the Nurse: Honoring the Past, Enabling the Future. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing38(8), 381. 10.1097/CIN.0000000000000676

Sensmeier, J., & Anderson, C. (2021). Tracking the impact of nursing informatics. Nursing Made Incredibly Easy19(1), 49-53. 10.1097/01.NME.0000723408.80090.47