Effects Of Drug Use On Society Writing Sample

Every society encounters a variety of problems that it needs to address, and one of the most common is drug use among the population. Essentially, illegal substances cause a considerable addiction in people, which can lead to numerous social issues and negative effects. Specifically, drug use causes people to become less productive, stimulates crime, and entails considerable medical and healthcare costs.

It is clear that the use of drugs is not an activity that is encouraged by society, partially because it is inherently harmful to all people. First of all, according to statistics, the consumption of illegal drugs causes the U.S. economy to lose more than $100 billion in terms of productivity. Such a problem emerges due to several factors, including reduced labor participation because of imprisoned drug addicts who could otherwise work wages and incarceration expenses (Hanson et al., 2020). Additionally, research shows that drug use is inextricably linked to crime, which means that people who consume illegal substances tend to frequently engage in illicit activities. Moreover, there are crimes that are partially related to drug use, such as murders of drug addicts and dealers, as well as robberies and theft (Hanson et al., 2020). Finally, an addiction which is an essential part of drug use, also requires treatment which leads to significant healthcare expenses for therapy and research. Thus, drug use is a social problem that negatively impacts many spheres and leads to unnecessary expenses and crime.

The use of drugs by people is an issue that causes numerous negative effects, ultimately undermining society. The consumption of illegal substances prevents many people from participating in the workforce and forces them to engage in criminal activities harming ordinary citizens. Drug use also impacts the field of healthcare since therapy and research annually cost society considerable sums of money, which could be otherwise spent on more beneficial projects and matters.

Reference

Hanson, G., Venturelli, P., &, Fleckenstein, A. (2020). Drugs & society. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Raising Federal Minimum Wage By 2025: Pros & Cons

Introduction

There are different opinions regarding the idea of raising the minimum wage to $15 per hour by 2025. Currently, the federal minimum wage is $7.25, and supporters and opponents of the increase mandated by the 2021 Wage Increase Act are divided (Cooper et al., 2022). Supporters believe that the increase is necessary from an economic and humanistic perspective. At the same time, opponents of the idea emphasize the problems in doing business and financial reporting for many enterprises. This paper aims to discuss the pros and cons of raising the federal minimum wage to $15 per hour.

The Pros and Cons of Raising the Federal Minimum Wage

Proponents of the Act say it is dictated by rising living standards and inflation. In particular, the experts note that considering the inflation rates, the minimum wage is now 18% lower than in 2008 and 46% lower than in 1968 (Cooper et al., 2022). Therefore, experts think that the increase in the minimum wage is critical and emphasize it will lift 3.7 million people from poverty (Cooper et al., 2022). This change will primarily affect core and frontline workers, 60% of the total, including the Black, Hispanic, and Native American population (Cooper et al., 2022). One should agree that on-site workers are the driving force of the economy and deserve respect and proper pay for their work.

Notably, opponents of the idea believe that raising the minimum wage will reduce job opportunities. Experts also appeal that many employees will lose their jobs due to the wave of layoffs (“How increasing the federal minimum wage could affect,” 2022). Such an objection is reasonable, given that the Act does not imply a ban on layoffs. The opponents of the idea condemn the way of its implementation to a greater extent than the main message. Before carrying out such a revolutionary innovation, it is necessary to analyze the possible consequences and regulate them legislatively.

Conclusion

Thus, the pros and cons of raising the federal minimum wage to $15 per hour were discussed. The pros include bringing large numbers of people out of poverty and achieving economic justice. Cons are mostly related to the implementation of the new Law, since failure to admit some inevitable consequences can lead to an increase in unemployment due to mass layoffs. Therefore, despite the relevance and fairness of the Law, it needs to be improved, considering the stated shortcomings.

References

Cooper, D., Morkhiber, Z., & Zipperer, B. (2021). Raising the federal minimum wage to $15 by 2025 would lift the pay of 32 million workers. Web.

How increasing the federal minimum wage could affect employment and family income. (2021). Congressional Budget Office. Web.

Advertising: The Negative Impact On Women’s Lives

Introduction

Advertising perpetuates outdated ideas about family or career choices and often narrows women down to their sexuality or parts of their body in particular. Sexist and discriminatory advertising often has a negative impact on women and men. It assigns them a social role in which many do not feel comfortable. Young women especially suffer from the image of a woman presented to them. It encourages unnatural and unhealthy body sizes and often reduces their value as a sex symbol. As a consequence, advertising increases the stereotype of women of all ages, resulting in increased sexualization of women, their low self-esteem, and various diseases, including mental health diseases.

First Effect of the Portrayal of Women in Advertising: Impact on Society

Almost all girls and women periodically feel the pressure of the idea that their appearance is far from beauty ideals. They believe that they must meet the standards set by media culture (“Killing Us Softly). Each girl can tell her own story about how, after scrolling through a glossy magazine or Instagram feed, she had a feeling of her ‘inferiority.’ Since advertising is aimed at quick sales success, it must be fast and clear. That is why she uses simple, highly ritualized modes of representation. As a result, role-playing clichés are fixed and recreated. Advertising forms images and ideas about women and men, about their appearance and behavior. Usually, cultural and individual awareness of life and body is actively shaped through these ideals of beauty, body image, and lifestyle.

Perfection conveyed in advertising can have a narrowing effect and, in the extreme, make one sick. As stated in a video by ChallengingMedia, even in primary school age, self-image is negatively affected by sexist advertising images (“Killing Us Softly). Young girls are particularly affected by the sexualized image of women passed on. Sexualization in advertising has been linked to the three most common mental illnesses affecting girls and women: eating disorders, low self-esteem, and depressive moods to the point of overt depression.

Second Effect of the Portrayal of Women in Advertising: Ideas About Women

Sexist forms of advertising are also reduced to classic female and male stereotypes:

  • Women are mostly depicted as sexual objects, young, beautiful, and desirable, and are limited to passively service, provocative or aesthetic activities. A woman always seems available for sex and acts like an object, a commodity without a will, and always interchangeable. The woman is often depicted as a dismembered body ready for sex and reduced to separate body parts. As shown in the examples given by ChallengingMedia, there is a focus on separate parts of the body, which are sexy.
  • In addition, advertisements ask women always to wear makeup for a heterosexual man. The Killing Us Softly video provides examples comparing models in real life and how they are portrayed on magazine covers.
  • Women are often portrayed as caring housewives and mothers, showing their strengths in the household, with children and a husband – ‘this is their place.’ Usually, even in advertising for household appliances, the focus is on women, as this is what will help them in everyday life.

At the heart of these attributed characteristics are the concepts of competence and self-affirmation. Men are portrayed in ads to reinforce the traditional gender division of labor. Achievement, activity, success, technical excellence, and strength are portrayed as masculine. Forced masculinity is encouraged, or men are denied the opportunity to run a household. Women in advertising are not treated as separate independent individuals with their strengths and weaknesses. Instead, an image is created that is ‘comfortable’ for most stereotyped men. Women are constantly objectified, which leads to psychological instability for both women and men (“Killing Us Softly). As a result, the female population is constantly exposed to danger from dominant and superior men.

In advertising, the conventional image of a woman is a young girl with model parameters and regular features who radiates femininity and tenderness and does not have cellulite, stretch marks, acne, wrinkles, scars, and body hair (“Killing Us Softly). It is obvious that this image is at odds with the real picture of the world, in which women of various physiques and ages are represented, not without all sorts of shortcomings.

The modern generation is increasingly opposed to the depiction of unnatural images. Consumers do not want to see women in advertising who have nothing to do with the real picture of the world – this causes their negative emotions and anxiety. Thus, brands should use realistic images of women in advertising, thereby supporting customers and increasing consumer loyalty to their company.

Conclusion

Any stereotypes are simplified one-sided ideas, and gender patterns are no exception. However, gender often serves as the starting point for audience segmentation. Creating advertising with ‘common’ gender roles in mind is a familiar practice in marketing. It is very easy to take the characteristics of both sexes and develop an advertisement for the target audience. However, these characteristics are often outdated and do not correspond to current realities. For example, typical advertising stereotypes: a woman sits at home, looks after children, and cannot park a car, and a man goes to work and earns money. Such ideas about the social roles of women and men break the real picture of the world. It is displayed not only in the general misconception about women but also negatively affects their self-esteem, which can lead to serious health problems.

Work Cited

“Killing Us Softly 4: Advertising’s Image of Women.” YouTube, uploaded by ChallengingMedia, 2011, Web.

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