Eleanor Roosevelt’s Life Essay Example

Eleanor Roosevelt was born on October 11, 1884 in Manhattan, New York. Eleanor was often called “Granny” by her mother because she was very serious. As a child, Eleanor was the “outcast” of the family. Meaning she was the only one without good looks in her family. Her mother, Anna Hall Roosevelt, was a very beautiful and wealthy women. In fact her whole family was very wealthy. When Eleanor was just six her father was sent away to a sanitarium in Virginia to deal with his alcohol abuse problem. Then when Eleanor was seven years old her mother became very ill with headaches.

Then her mother, the beautiful Anna Hall died, shortly after Eleanor’s brother Elliot Roosevelt caught diphtheria and he too died. A few months later her father, Elliot Roosevelt died also. All these tragic events happened within eighteen months of each other. After all that Eleanor went through she and her brother moved in with her grandmother in her dark and gloomy townhouse in Manhattan. There were no children or anyplace for Eleanor and her baby brother to play. Granny Hall decided to send Eleanor to a boarding school in England just before Eleanor turned fifteen.

The school was called Allenswood and was on the edge of London. The school was a private school for girls only. During her time at Allenswood, she earned the respect she never had from her classmates in the United States. She also joined the field hockey team and started to look after her health. Everyday before class she would take a jog and do exercises. Eleanor would also take cold showers for the health of her immune system. When Eleanor was eighteen she left Allenswood to go back and live with her grandmother Hall.

When Eleanor returned to Manhattan ,she had more self confidence and attended formal parties and family events. When Eleanor was nineteen she and her fifth cousin Franklin D. Roosevelt fell in love. For a time they met secretly. then they started to attend parties together. When Eleanor and Franklin married she was nineteen and he was twenty-one. during their ceremony President Theodore Roosevelt walked out of the church and everyone that attended the wedding followed. Franklin was quite annoyed but Eleanor didn’t seem to mind a bit. In May 1906 the young couples first child was born.

During the next decade Eleanor gave birth to 5 more children one of which died in infancy. Looking back at the past, Eleanor realized that she should have been stronger and less receptive to people making fun of her. People would constantly make fun of her including her mom. Eleanor was the family outcast. Everyone in her family was good looking and not shy. Eleanor was very shy and “the ugly duckling” of the family as her mother would say. This made her think how her life as a child could have been better. Allenswood helped Eleanor’s self confidence a lot. Franklin’s political career excelled very rapidly.

In 1910 he was elected to the New York State Senate. During the year of 1913 President Woodrow Wilson appointed Franklin Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Franklin was appointed a very high position in the United States Government system. Along with his new position, the job required the Roosevelt’s to move to Washington D. C. In 1917 the United States entered World War I with Eleanor Roosevelt as an active combatant. Eleanor threw her self into the war efforts. With her husbands influence, she helped The Red Cross of America build infirmaries for the wounded soilders.

Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt became well known across the country for their efforts in helping with the war efforts. In 1921 Franklin caught a disease that causes paralysis called polio. At the time, nobody knew what caused the disease nor did they know how to cure it. Franklin survived the disease but the lower half of his body was paralyzed. Many advisors and even his mother advised him to stay away from politics and to live the life of a country gentleman in the Roosevelt estate in Hyde Park, New York. Now, Eleanor strong and calm, stood up for her ideas, as well as Franklin’s ideas.

She said he should not be treated like a sick person and should not be tucked away in the country side just waiting to die. Franklin agreed with his wife and soon recovered health. His energy came back to him and he was soon elected Governor of New York in 1928. Then in 1932 Franklin Roosevelt was elected President of the United States of America! At this time Eleanor changed. To make sure Franklin stayed in the public eye, she to became involved with politics. She felt it was her duty. Eleanor made fund-raising speeches all around the State of New York for the democratic party with the help of Franklin’s adviser Louis Howe.

She also helped in the work of the League of Women Voters, the Consumers League, and the foreign Policy Association. She gave to the Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL) after becoming interested in the problems of working women. Eleanor met a group of remarkable women doing interesting work that made a difference in the world through the WTUL. Eleanor learned about life in the slums through this group of women. They put hopes in her that something could be done about the condition of the poor. she joined the world of reform- social change and dropped out of the fashionable society of her wealthy friends.

Eleanor and her reform friends would spend hours at a time talking to Franklin about how to improve the lives of the poor. They showed him the need for new laws, laws to get the children of America out of factories and into classrooms. Laws that cut back the long hours that women would work and laws to let all workers have the same wages. When franklin was sworn into office, the Nation was facing one of its greatest depressions. Elaenor fought for women’s rights. Unlike any First Lady of that time, she linked Americas public to the President.

But, one of her most important acts was protection of religion and civil rights. Eleanor even resigned from the D. A. R (Daughters of the American Revolution) when she discovered that the D. A. R would not let the great black singer Marian Anderson perform a concert in their auditorium in Washington D. C. Then Eleanor once again performed a good deed. She had arranged for Marian Anderson to sing in front of the Lincoln Memorial. Her actions caused the rights of blacks to be noticed. On the day of December seventh 1941, Japanese Armed Forces launched a battalion of Kamikaze Soldiers and Japanese Bombers.

These Forces attacked Pearl Harbor Naval base on the island Oahu, Hawaii. The United States was trying to stay out of the war, but when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, The U. S. was forced to join the war. Eleanor helped The Red Cross raise money to build infirmaries for wounded soldiers. She gave blood for transfusions and sold war bonds. By the spring of 1945 the war seemed very close to the end in Europe. Then on April 12 tragedy struck. While in Warm Springs, Georgia for a break from all the stress of being President, Franklin died.

Everyday,Eleanor was home she would put flowers on Franklins grave. Now that Franklin was dead one would think that Eleanor would just drop out of the eye of the public. Instead, she found new ways to live an interesting life. She found new strengths within herself, and she also found new ways to help others. She still wrote her News Paper column called “My Day”. Then, one night while sleeping, Eleanor died on November 7, 1962 at the age seventy-eight. Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt were buried alongside each other in the rose garden in Hyde Park, New York.

Mix Culture Streak Plate Kitchen Lab Microbiology

The goal of this experiment is to achieve separation of individual particles species from a mixed culture. This is accomplished through the streak plate isolation technique. The aim is to replicate the streak plate technique on a larger scale, allowing for the visual observation of particles as they are isolated during the experiment. The advantage of using the streaking technique is that it facilitates the identification of different species within a culture once they have been isolated.

This experiment is similar to the agar plate experiments, but on a larger scale and allows for perfecting techniques before using agar plates and specimens. By using materials that mimic those used in streaking on agar plates, this experiment simulates the events and provides instant visualization. The gathering of representative tools for the actual agar plate streaking experiment is also part of this experiment.

The techniques employed will remain the same, but the equipment used will be on a larger scale. Instead of using fire to clean a loop, a particle remover or water will be utilized to clean the utensils. The experiment’s final outcome will demonstrate the separation of particles and variations in their consistency. The lab employed the materials displayed in Picture 1 for the Materials & Methods section. Multicolored sprinkles were utilized in this experiment as a representation of small particles. Due to their diverse colors, these particles formed a mixed culture, rather than a pure culture.

The medium for this lab was made by combining ketchup with sprinkles, creating a culture that was then placed in a square Tupperware container to simulate a culture tube. To streak the culture, a spoon was used and cleaned using water as a particle remover between each streak. A disposable paper plate served as the surface for spreading the culture. The materials mentioned above were collected prior to the lab, and the particles were mixed into the medium as shown in picture 2. Lastly, a clean spoon, acting as a sterile loop for this lab, was used to collect a sample of the mixed culture.

The clean spoon or streaking utensil was gripped in a manner resembling that of a pencil, while the tupperware dish, symbolizing the culture tube, was held at an angle to prevent contamination from airborne microbes. The streaking utensil remained stationary, while the tupperware dish was moved back and forth, and the tip of the utensil was repeatedly dipped into and removed from the mixed culture. The culture obtained on the streaking utensil was then transferred onto the paper plate or spreading surface by using a back and forth motion, as depicted in picture 3. This process resulted in a larger area with a higher concentration of particles.

The streaking utensil was washed with a cup of water, which is the particle remover shown in picture 4. Then, the streaking surface was turned 90 degrees. The second streak was created with a cleansed streaking utensil, starting from the middle of the first streak and moving back and forth, as shown in picture 5. This second streak noticeably reduced the amount of particles from the first streak. Afterwards, the streaking utensil was cleaned with the particle remover from picture 4. Finally, the streaking surface was rotated 90 degrees again.

Using a cleaned streaking utensil, the third streak was made from the middle of the second streak in a back and forth motion as shown in picture 6. This further decreased the consistency and spread out the individual particles. Afterward, the streaking utensil was cleaned using the particle remover as depicted in picture 4. The streaking surface was then rotated 90 degrees. Using a cleaned streaking utensil, the fourth streak was made from the middle of the third streak in a back and forth motion, as seen in picture picture.

7. The particles were further narrowed down in this final streak, enabling the separation of each individual particle. The streaking utensil was cleaned using the particle remover and returned to the utensil storage area. Additionally, the other items gathered for this lab were cleaned and returned to their respective storage areas. Results – The particles collected for the lab were highly concentrated before being mixed into the medium. After the particles were mixed into the medium, their concentration decreased due to the medium filling the spaces between them, allowing for separation.

Once the initial streak was made, the concentration of particles became slightly less intense, enabling them to disperse across the surface. This decreasing concentration of particles occurred with each subsequent streak. In the final streak, depicted in picture 7, the particles were so well-separated that it was possible to identify each color individually. These findings resemble those typically observed in a laboratory when examining a mixed culture under a microscope.

Discussion – The experiment concluded that as the streaking is done, the consistency and concentration levels increase, leading to a more precise identification of the particles. The results supported this conclusion, as the completion of streaks resulted in a decrease in particle concentration and medium consistency, which allowed for the individual identification of colored sprinkles based on their color. Numerous attempts were made before achieving the final results depicted in the pictures below.

The initial mistake was not thoroughly reading the lab instructions before the initial attempt. It became apparent that several items were required to simulate a streaking experiment, but the materials used in the first attempt did not align with the necessary ones. In the first trial, the medium and particles were not mixed together, but rather applied separately to the streaking surface. First, the medium was applied, and then an effort was made to streak the particles through the previously applied medium on the plate.

The experiment yielded unsatisfactory results due to the utilization of incorrect materials and methods. In the second trial, cheerios were substituted for sprinkles, resulting in failure as the particles absorbed water from the medium, leading to their softening and hindering successful streaking. In the third attempt, proper sprinkles were utilized, but an erroneous streaking technique was employed.

The streaking surface was not rotated 90 degrees, resulting in a diagonal back and forth motion that caused some streaks to touch each other. In addition, the first streak was applied without the back and forth motion and with too strong of pressure, causing uneven particle distribution more to one side of the streak.

The third streak does not contain any particles. This experiment could be improved by carefully reviewing instructions before beginning and practicing to improve streaking technique. In the future, more information could be gained by counting the transferred particles in each streak. A log could be created to record the number of particles of each color in each streak.

How does this simulate exercise 1-4 and what are the differences? One of the main differences between this experiment and that completed in lab 1-4 is the utilization of broth culture instead of medium culture. Another distinction is the preference for flaming over particle cleaner. Additionally, a notable difference lies in the aseptic technique; while we did aim to replicate the laboratory setting with actual instruments, there was no use of gloves nor genuine concern that the obtained culture would contaminate the countertop where the experiment took place. Moreover, in contrast to the experiments in 4-1, there was already an existing pure culture, whereas here you are initiating a new pure culture.

References –

Leboffe, Michael J. and Pierce, Burton E. (2012). Breif Microbiology Laboratory Theory and application Second Edition, Common Aseptic Transfers and Inoculation Methods (pp. 26-38). Englewood, CO: Morton Publishing. Streak Plate Methods of Isolation (pp. 39-44).

Tradition Versus Change In “ A Rose For Emily”

The short story “A Rose For Emily” written by William Faulkner is a tale about an old woman named Emily living in the town of Jefferson. “A Rose For Emily” illustrates the theme of decay in the town, the house, and in Miss Emily herself. Set in the early 1900’s, the story opens with the town finding out about Emily’s death. The story is told by an unknown narrator who lives in the town of Jefferson. We learn about the life of Emily and her relationship with the town, her father, and her lover. At the end of the story we find out about the disturbing truth that Emily Grierson was hiding.

As Emily grows older so does the town that she has lived in for her entire life. While she had once lived on one of the nicest streets in Jefferson, the street is now considered to be one of the worst in the town. The street had aged and decayed with Miss Emily. In her youth Emily and her family were respected and known as some of finest citizens in Jefferson. As Emily has grown older the town sees her in a different way. In her old age she is seen as a monument to the past that is never seen outside of her house. All of the respect that her father had earned died with the old men and women of the town.

The old ways of the town of Jefferson decayed and passed away with all of the men and women that had called it home. The house that Emily lives in was at one time one of the most beautiful homes in the whole town of Jefferson. In Emily’s youth the house was always well kept. As Miss Emily aged so did the house she lived in. The house became an “eyesore” for the entire town with, a horrific smell that lingered and a sloppy yard. The men of Jefferson would never tell a lady that her house smelled so they cured the odor themselves by placing limes all over the property. It would seem that the house and Emily were connected in a way.

Both of them had grown old and lost their majesty. The house was also looked at in the same way as Emily as a monument to the past. Emily had once been one of the most beautiful ladies in Jefferson. As Emily grew older she began to decay and lose some of her looks. In her old age she became a fat and gray haired old women. It would also seem that her mind had decayed as well. She had a lover named Homer Barron, which the town had believed had left her. It is revealed at the end of the story that he in fact did not leave Miss Emily. Emily had poisoned Homer and left his body in her bed.

Emily’s mind had decayed to such a point that she was not aware of what was right or wrong. She could not even understand what was normal. The state of mind that she was in explains why she and the house had decayed to such a point. While Faulkner had many themes in “A Rose For Emily”, the theme of decay was the most significant throughout the entire story. The town of Jefferson, the house, and Emily all grew old. Miss Emily lost her mind and her looks. The house lost the beauty it once held due to old age. The town of Jefferson changed and grew old. What had once been a nice southern town had decayed.

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