Electoral Systems And Party Politics Writing Sample

United Kingdom uses a parliamentary democratic system of governance led by the prime minister that exists alongside a constitutional monarchy led by the Queen. The prime minister is the head of government while and thus is considered the leader of the political party with the majority numbers. The electoral system in the UK adopts a majoritarian party with the labour party and the conservative party being the two dominant parties in parliament. However, in recent years, there UK Green party has emerged as a third wave in the country’s political landscape. However, the country remains mainly controlled by the two main parties; the Conservative Party and Labor Party.

My party, the Conservative party, upholds such values that lean towards a more liberal form of governance. They not only favour conservative beliefs in regards to the limited role of government but also believe that privatization of enterprise is an essential aspect of the economic. For them, the government must have a limited form of control in regards to such matters involving governance. Over the years, the ideological beliefs and values of the organization have significantly evolved. Some of the critical changes that have taken place include the Industrial Charter of 1947 when allowing more liberal economic principles and labour rights (Beswick and Hjort 563). As such, the party believes that the control of the economy should only be determined by the private enterprises themselves with very minimal interference by the state. More so, it considers that the role of government must always remain as an oversight for the organization.

The foundation of the ideological believes of the party is founded on the supply-economic theory that advocates for lower tax rates. Recently, the party as an effort to modernize has pushed for reforms of the current economy by advancing a balance between the free market and the social welfare of citizens. These new paradigms include a systemic change in the way that private enterprises contribute to the growth and development of the social aspect of society. Also, the party upholds ideological principles that advocate for increased resource allocation for projects that have a huge impact on the socio-economic welfare of the citizens such as infrastructure, health care and education (Mulé 177). The party also has taken a new paradigm towards accommodating the expanded role of government in supporting social welfare policy frameworks. The party has significantly changed over the years as the discussions above show. Currently, it not only supports the social market reform but also shifted the way that it embraces liberal ideas of culture and enterprise.

The framework of the government under the Conservative party involves advancing traditional cultural values and limited state control of the enterprise and individual growth. Until recently, the government had always held perceptual views that do prioritize the social welfare of her citizens. As such, the Conservatives believe in the independence of the efforts of citizens towards financing their matters, including education and health. However, this is not to mean that the party does not support the active role of government towards promoting social welfare.

Also, the conservative party believes in the relationship between the government, and her citizens should be limited to the protection of the fundamental rights as enshrined in the constitution. As such, the state control on the individual freedoms must significantly rely on the fundamental freedoms doctrines embedded in the different legislation.

Currently, the party is an advocate for a change in the way that the country engages with the EU towards the creation of a more unified state of political governance.

The party appeals to voters who greatly value the traditional cultural beliefs and market leaders. The huge majority of the members are composed of the elite class who value the traditional structures of a hierarchical society. In recent years, following the significant reforms that have prioritized social welfare reforms, the party has greatly expanded its traditional membership to include ethnic minorities and the middle class voters (Martin 181). To this, the middle-class social class has also become a huge part of its membership. They have shifted their perspectives of the party because of their way that the party have become more conscious of the social market reforms. More, their stand on limited control of the government on the economy also helps to create an appeal to its members.

The existing institutions have significantly impacted the Conservative Party in the country, including the monarch, the Bank of England and the Law courts. For example, the values and beliefs of the economic models have borrowed a great from the traditional banking system of England that has always advocated for Free Market. Also, the Monarchial cultural values have been very instrumental in the particular beliefs that the party upholds in regards to matters such as marriage and the role of Church in society. The Legal institutions have also been a huge source of the fundamental doctrines that party embraces especially in regards to the rule of law and human freedoms. Also, the nature of the relationship between citizens and government borrow significantly from the legal frameworks.

The current electoral system of England helps to broaden the party ideology towards accommodating the specific values, especially in regards to accommodating pluralistic beliefs of governance. Some of the pros for the electoral system for the party include the way that it helps to ensure that the winner in an election with the majority MPS forms the government. This helps the party gain power in parliament because it enjoys huge support of many of the constituencies.

Works Cited

Beswick, Danielle, and Mattias Hjort. “A missing link in understanding Party policy change? Conservative Party international volunteering projects and UK development policy (2007–2017).” The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, vol. 21, no. 3, 2019, pp. 559-575.

Martin, Nicole. “Ethnic Minority Voters in 2015: A Breakthrough for the Conservative Party?” SSRN Electronic Journal, 2016.

Mulé, Rosa. “The political economy of subsidiarity in labour market reforms: the United Kingdom and Italy in times of crises.” Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, vol. 57, no. 2, 2019, pp. 172-192.

Entrepreneurship – Importance Of Small Business Enterprises Essay Sample For College

Every small part is the total of the whole. Thus, a critical component of small entrepreneurship is sustaining constant growth. According to the US Small Business Administration (SBA), start-up businesses comprise 99% of total trade. Small businesses employ 47.5% of the workforce – the vast majority using 20 or fewer, and 40% with annual revenues of $100,000 or less. The above statistics indicate that majority of businesses begin small. Besides, most enterprises start by providing certain services and products in the immediate community while generating profit. Therefore, as the society grows in population, the surrounding small enterprises grow into multinationals – all bearing the mark of humble beginnings. Moreover, small and big businesses develop a synergy; the big business uses small business for market penetration, access customers, and sell products at lower prices, generating profits for the smaller companies. Indeed, the small business of today is tomorrow’s manufacturing brand.

In addition, the primary concern of any business is to satisfy an immediate demand in the community. Meaning, the prospective entrepreneur discovers the niche in the market to fill – in most cases, popular customer demands. The prospect of the entrepreneur is to provide daily services required in the community, such as; grocery, beauty parlor, clothes shop, petrol pump, cyber café to mention a few. The psychologist Alexander Maslow identified the basic needs of man; food, shelter, clothing. These needs in the community form the basis of the nature of the business to establish.

Following various reviews, I approached the local barber parlor to establish the business’s journey, as mentioned earlier. In addition, the business idea developed following the establishment of a technical community college in the community. Thus, attracting an influx of students from the immediate community and far beyond. Immediately the entrepreneur noticed constant inquiries on a barbershop; the continual demand aroused the idea to start a barbershop. Moreover, the primary concern included the start-up capital to commence the business. The entrepreneur acquired capital to start the business through bootstrap financing – by obtaining a loan. Studies show that 60% of start-up businesses rely on bootstrap sources for capital financing. The absence of necessary initial capital threatens the success viability of the company. Thus, high levels of debt and insufficient capital impede the firm’s capability to attract market opportunities. Therefore, the barbershop started with minimal equipment, two employees on commission, and rental space.

To avoid unnecessary competition or establish a start-up without a customer base, a marketing plan is critical to assess and identify existing marketing opportunities. The target market focused on the nearby college students and the adjacent basketball court in the community. The only competition existing is the beauty parlor that mostly sold women products. Therefore, the youthful community shall attend the barbershop for their respective trendy haircuts. Further, the cultural market segment allows entrepreneurship to determining the underlying theme of the SME. The SME constructed the simple message of stylish haircuts and stood out to attract the youthful African American segment. The entrepreneur used social media to market the barber throughout the community. Technology enables instant communication, criticism of products, and increased market awareness of products or services. Establishing blog sites allowed customers to offer feedback on the experience at the barbershop, with plans dedicated to creating a website with tracking software to identify frequent visitors to the website and thus capture new market opportunities. From the onset, the SME began by offering discounts to adults accompanied by their children, with free haircuts for children below eight years.

Furthermore, retaining the customer base allows for revenue growth. More importantly, the relationship the customer establishes with the SME creates and maintains loyalty. Statistics show that it is 40% probable to retain customers than to acquire new ones – with a percentage of 5-20% (Turner, 2017). The entrepreneur began with calculating the existing customer base and setting piece-meal targets, mapping the customer experience at the barbershop – interaction with the employees and reassuringly accepting criticism. The customer’s experience allows the SME to improve its service delivery – the understanding customer is king. However, employees found customer mapping as stressful and time-consuming. Hence, the learning curve involved retaining customers through perceived value to influence the customer experience by providing free magazines and refreshments at the barbershop.

The retention of employees creates a substantive challenge in SMEs. The frequent obstacle is salary dissatisfaction. The business must operate within a budget. However, employees attach a high salary perspective based on their experience, notwithstanding the limitation of management. The entrepreneur challenges to convince the employee that salaries are negotiable as the business expands. A common misconception is situations where the prospective employee over markets the qualifications or experience, only to discover the quality of work is unfavorable.

Further, unrealistic future expectations of the SME by employees attract high turnover rates. Indeed, starting a business requires consideration of many factors; market opportunity, capital available, competition, and expertise. Moreover, implementing the business strategy offers the greatest threat to success or failure. Furthermore, SME’s suffer from the copycat syndrome that floods the market segment with similar services or products. Lastly, the success or failure of the business is determined by the ability to retain and increase the customer base, with constant adaptation to the market trends.

References

Turner, S., & Endres, A. (2017). Strategies for enhancing small business owners’ success rates. International Journal of Applied Management and Technology1https://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/ijamt/vol16/iss1/3/ 6(1), 3.

Erase Black Racism Essay Example

This paper will examine the 1921 Tulsa Oklahoma Race Massacre, History of Black Lives Matter movement, and murder of George Floyd to illustrate the essence and challenges of learning these topics and how they strengthen the importance of liberation struggle. Revealing stories learned from the creation of the Black Wall Street indicates the pooling of resources and building of wealth amidst discrimination from Jim Crow (Clark 1). The migration of the African Americans to Tusla lead to a thriving community. The Tulsa Race massacre incepted a movement that was steered by the murder of Floyd into racially motivated violence against black people.

The 1921 Tulsa race massacre led to the burning of the wealthiest black community. Witnessed Loss of human life. They resulted in the birth of undeniable economic injustice to the thriving black entrepreneurial business. Greenwood town was turned into smoldering ashes in hours by the white mob. Looting took place in both homes and businesses, with countless black people killed (Li 1). The killings of the black people received scant mentions in media and were actively covered up by the white community living in Tusla. Deliberate shifting of the massacre was done by city officials who chanted the massacre as mere riots and hid the blood baths. The killings are triggered by a white newspaper, the Tribune, which falsely accuses an Ayoung black man Rowland, of assault and rape. Rowland, who had stumbled in an elevator and touched a white teenager, Pace, by mistake, ignites the fire that is looked by a blind eye by the police. The aftermath of the black massacre was a decline in ownership of homes and occupational status, as reported by Albright of Harvard university in his study (Ali 4).

Tulsa race massacre gives the historical greenwood as the Black Wall Street of the day. It challenges readers to be aware of the results of racism and its avoidance. The learning of a white mob destroying a prosperous black community is heartbreaking as it sends the reader to ask themselves the whereabouts of the Survivors, impacts the events had on them emotionally and financially through property loss. There is a call against discrimination, leading to undeniable social justice for the groups affected. Therefore it’s evident that even though there might not be enough evidence to conclude on the occurrence of events, the reader is positively encouraged to commit to a positive change to prevent history from recurring.

The history of the Black Lives Matter movement revolves around racially motivated violence against African Americans. The campaign calls for change in policies that are considered related to the liberation of the blacks. The Killing of Trayvon Martin, a seventeen-year-old black young man by Geroge Zimmerman, a white who considers Martin suspicious, is marked with protests. The media outraged a narrative that ended up putting martin, a victim and dead, on trial. The acquittal of Zimmerman in the shooting of martin spikes protest that results in the movement( Robinson 1). Series of policy reforms are also witnessed when Micheal brown is shot by officer Wilson and still ends up giving a testimony that differed from the eyewitness accounts. Brown’s bond being found 30 feet away from officer Wilson’s body with no gunpowder on his powder suggested the racial implications that made officer Wilson assume he was already armed just because Micheal Brown was black (Johnson 2). The creation of awareness on the mistreatment of black Americans has been popularized in both domestic and international standards. The committee tasked with eliminating discrimination against race by the united nation published recommendations on racial injustices, mainly the killing of Michael Brown and George Zimmerman’s trial (Robinson 7).

The significance of the History of Black Lives Matter movement examines criminal justice policies and reforms. The creation of the campaign gives a ray of hope that can achieve a just and society based on integrity even amidst corruption. The protest against episodes of police brutality calls on the power of people to bring reforms and change to a system. Challenges encountered in such events are extensive property loss, loss of lives, and theft as people combat authority. However, minor shortcomings, the study of such history enables the reader to commit to positive changes and avoid oppression and discrimination because of their ranks or position.

The murder of George Floyd steers worldwide Black Lives Matter campaigns and the call for policy reforms. An international outcry was sparked by the video of George Floyd that circulated the globe. Peaceful demonstrations turned violent as people increased to support the Black Lives Matter campaign. Symbols and Statues that symbolize racial injustices in other parts of the world were vandalized. The Belgian King Leopold II to Edward Colston were all taken down (Floyd Invites Black Lives Matter 1). The world outrage brought by the video of George Floyd was a wake-up call to the injustices and intolerance the majority of Blacks faced, thus the need for racial protest. The trial of Chauvin and his colleagues was justice for Floyd and the whole world who shared experience. The world civil protests were a call against police’s use of force and racial violence that was motivated against black people across the whole globe. Elcott suggested that the protest was the beginning of the unusual call for positive reforms by the masses. Law enforcement still drags behind, and slight changes are made, but there is hope that this is just the start of a revolution.

The importance of the death of George Floyd in igniting the Black Lives Matter campaigns worldwide is that it resurfaces hope for change. It gives people courage and strength to stand against all acts of violence and call for reforms on behalf of others. People are eager to liberate themselves from police brutality for the first time. Numerous challenges encountered in such an event are that the peaceful demonstrations turn into violence; thus, a few properties and lives are lost. However, despite the obstacles, people remain committed to positive changes and embrace freedom. The problem might be standing, but the police will be equipped with skills to help them interact beyond the race with proper training.

In conclusion, the analysis of the Tulsa, Oklahoma race massacre was an unfruitful event that needs to be taken into account to prevent such a scenario from occurring. However, from the history of the Black Lives Matter Movement, it is evident that history repeats, and with the murder of George Floyd sparking a revolution of change with hope for a better future. It is, therefore, a collective responsibility to carry out criminal justice reforms, call against reoccurrences of the police’s use of force, their brutal nature, and racial violence, which seems motivated against African Americans and the black people in general. For it is with such struggles that we reinforce our journey to liberation.

Work Cited

https://www.cnbc.com/2021/05/31/black-wall-street-was-shattered-100-years-ago-how-tulsa-race-massacre-was-covered-up.html

Stacy Jenkins-Robinson, Black Lives Matter: The Movement’s Relevance and Comparison to the 1960s Civil Rights Movement

Old Dominion University

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