Entertainment: The Case Of Rapper Akon Free Writing Sample

Introduction

Akon, or as he is officially known, Aliaume Damala Badara Akon Thiam is a Senegalese – American rapper, singer and songwriter, actor, record producer and businessman. He was born in 1973, April 16 in Senegal. Over the years, Akon has risen to be one of the most renowned artists and rappers in the world. The year 2004 specifically was when his fame grew because as a result of the single hit Locked up in the debut album Trouble. Apart from his songs and music, Akon is also known for his two record labels Konvict Muzik and Kon Live Distribution. He has worked with numerous other artists including Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston, Eminem, Snoop Dogg and Gwen Stefani. In 2011, Forbes ranked him as the 8oth most powerful celebrity on the Forbes Celebrity list and 5th among the most powerful celebrities in Africa.

Early Life

Born in St. Louis in Missouri, Akon spent much of his early life in Senegal. He calls this place his ‘hometown’. His Father was also a musician who played five instruments while his mother was a dancer. Later on he moved with his family to New Jersey with his family before settling in Newark. He is also secretive about his birth date, hence the many incorrect date by different media, but legal documents by The Smoking Gun, a website that posts legal documents about people indicates his birth date as April 16, 1973, Biography.com Editors, (2015).

Akon Music Life

Akon’s music career began when he was in Jail. There, he met Devyne Stephens, a music mogul and president of Upfront Megatainment through Akon’s friend and rapper Lil Zane. Akon and Stephens started as friends and as a mentorship relationship until later when Stephens signed him to his company. Later on, Akon also met other mentors and producers such as Jerome Foster and Steve Rifkind who helped him grow in his music. He also continued being famous when he worked with other artists such as rapper Savage and P-Money, a producer.

In 2004, June 29, Akon released his first album Trouble. It included singles such as Lonely, Locked Up, Pot Of Gold, Ghetto and Belly Dancer.Ghetto when remixed to include rap verses from The Notorious B.I.G. and Tupac became a radio hit. Locked Up was also among the top songs of the time. One to note about Akon’s music apart from his unique voice is that each of his songs start with the sound of an opening jail cell door them him saying the word ‘Konvict’, Biography.com Editors, (2015).

His single Lonely was release later in 2005 which reached top 5 in the Billboard Hot 100 while topping charts in several countries. It also became the longest running single on The Box weekly top ten. Later on he released Moonshine featuring Savage which was also a hit. Before the end of 2006, Akon was also a guest artist in Young Jeezy’s song Soul Survivor that was in the debut album Let’s Get It: Thug Motivation 101.

Akon released his second album Konvicted in November 2006 which was number two on the on the Billboard 200, had sold more than 200,000 copies by the first week and more than a million record by end of the first one and a half months. Before the year ended, the album has sold over three million copies and was declared triple platinum, Biography.com Editors, (2015).

Some of the collaborations included in the album were with Eminem, Styles P. and Snoop Dogg. The single Smack That was top two on the Billboard Hot 100 for over for weeks. It also helped Akon break a record of climbing from number 95 to number 7. Another single from the album I Wanna Love You made it to number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for two weeks. The other singles on the album Mama Africa and Don’t Matter were also very huge hits. In addition, the album Sorry, Blame It On Me (deluxe edition) was released in November 2007 and was on the Billboard Hot 100 top ten. That same year, Akon produced Gwen Stefani’s the Sweet Escape. The single ended up being number two on the Billboard Hot 100. Akon’s clothing line Konvict Clothing was also launched the same year, Biography.com Editors, (2015).

Akon’s third album, Freedom, was released on 2nd December 2008. Some of the singles in the album included Beautiful, Right Now, We Don’t Care and I’m So Paid. The album was a hi it and was Platinum certified. That same year, Akon produced song for several artists such as Kardinal Offishall and Flippsyde. He also helped Lady Gaga to write her hit Just Dance.

Unfortunately, around that same time Michael Jackson whom Akin to was working with also died. Akon then released a single Cry Out Of Joy which was a tribute to Michael Jackson. There were many rumors about the details of Akon working with Michael Jackson that were circulating. However, Akin finished on the Album that Michael Jackson was working on then, Michael and released it in 2010, Biography.com Editors, (2015).

Later on Akon also did collaborations with several other artists such as Pitbull, New Kids On the Block, Whitney Houston and Alexandra Burke. Akon also collaborated with David Guetta on the single Sexy Bitch which was a major hit. That year, Forbes reported Akin Toto be worth 21 million dollars worth.

Later on Akon to release another single Angel. This was produced by David Guetta. The song was performed in the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show. Akon also did collaborations with other artist such as Dr. Dre and Snoop the Dogg on the single Kush. After the Haiti earthquake, Akon was among the team that did We Are The World: 25 For Haiti, a single meant as charity after the earthquake. He also worked with Wiz Khalifa on the single Dirty Work before later releasing the standalone single So Blue.

In 2015, Akon’s fourth album Stadium was released. This was done in different versions such as world, urban, island and house, Biography.com Editors, (2015).

Other of Akon’s Projects

One of the other things that Akon has been part of is founding the Akon Lighting Africa project in 2014. This project was meant to provide lighting for 15 countries in Africa, (Foran, 2014).

Film and Television

Slowly by slowly Akon has also ventured into the world of films and television. Some of the programs that Akon has been featured include I Am A Singer and My Brother’s Keeper. Akon has also been to Big Brother House and the WWE Raw. Some of the movies in which Akin has been featured include Black November and American Heist.

Conclusion

Akon is one of the most renowned artist and rapper in the world. Most of his singles and all of his albums have been hits that have done well in the Billboard Hot 100. Akon has also worked with many other legendary artists such as Michael Jackson, Snoop Dogg, Dr. Dre, Whitney Houston, Alexandra Burke and David Guetta among others. Apart from music, Akon has also involved himself with other projects such as the Akon Lighting Africa Project.

References

Biography.com Editors, (2015). Akon Biography.com. Biography.com. Retrieved on 26th April 2017 from http://www.biography.com/people/akon-21330753

Foran, C., (2014). Akon is Pushing Solar Power in Africa. The Atlantic. Retrieved on 26th April 2017 from www.theatlantic.com/amp/article/444906/

The Coca-Cola Company Recruitment And Selection Plan Sample Paper

The Coca-Cola company

The company is an American Corporation that was founded in 1982. The company’s primary engagement is in the manufacture and sale of Coca-Cola syrup. This sweet carbonated beverage reflects the culture of the United States of America and is a global symbol of American taste. Additionally, the company produces and distributes other soft drinks and beverages. It has more than 2800 products and is available in more than 200 countries across the globe. The company stands out to be the leading producer and distributor of beverages and forms one of the main corporations in America. The company’s headquarters are located in Atlanta, Georgia. As of 2020, the company statistics stated that they employ more than 7000000 employees worldwide (“Equal Employment Opportunity Employer Reports | The Coca-Cola Company,” 2022). The company also has approximately 225 bottling partners. In consideration of the intensive production of the company, the hiring of additional employees is expected in their day-to-day operation.

Recruitment and selection

The hiring process is an essential component of any organizational success. It involves identifying the right talent for the right job. Individuals possess different skills and abilities. Some people perform better in one area of work or learn faster than others. Talent identification, recruitment, and selection processes are Human Resources roles that should be aligned to the organizational strategies and organizational culture. Recruitment is an essential HR responsibility that involves attracting qualified candidates for a given job position. It goes hand in hand with other areas such as employee engagement, employee development, employee retainment, and data management (Kumari, 2013).

On the other hand, the selection process is involved with identifying the right person for the job. Hiring the wrong person causes a costly employee turnover in an organization. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a strong recruitment and selection plan. This paper investigates the recruiter’s role in Coca-Cola company and suggests a sound recruitment and selection plan that the company could adopt to achieve further success and beat their competitors.

Recruitment and selection at Coca-Cola Company

The company pays keen attention to the recruitment process. Like any other company, the recruitment strategies are set in line with the company goals and objectives. Mainly, the company conducts recruitment processes to search for highly qualified and educated employees, improve the quality of their products and services (Keyton, 2004), and gain more profits as it extends to other parts of the world. Recruiters in Coca-Cola company are no exception; their roles are similar to what other recruiters do. They are experts in searching, finding, screening, and attracting candidates for the available job opportunities in the company. They are in charge of the whole process that concerns talent acquisition. Recruiters in the company are in charge of advertisement of the new job opening, revision the resumes, interviewing candidates, and closely working with the hiring managers to identify the best fit for the job. The recruiter first investigates the staffing needs of the company and determines the roles that need to be filled. He or she then creates a recruitment strategy that will help them find the right person for the job. When the job opportunity is posted, the recruiter then receives resumes that will require screening (Kibble, 2022). The screening process has nowadays been made easier due to the existence of software. The recruiter has to perform interviews after the screening results and conduct company assessments. The recruiter is after that able to attain the best candidate for the job. Apart from the recruitment processes, recruiters in the company have the duty of attending hiring events and managing background references.

Coca-Cola’s opportunities and challenges

Globalization and technology are among the main opportunities for the company. Free trade and foreign direct investments have enabled the country to open branches in other countries. Technology has increased the production efficiency, contributing to high-quality products. Through the internet, the company has met a variety of customers and potential employees. Based on the information provided on the company’s website and other online platforms, the recruitment process at Coca-Cola is based on professionalism and is free from biases. Individuals from any race, religion, and gender are treated equally in the recruitment process (“Equal Employment Opportunity Employer Reports | The Coca-Cola Company,” 2022). The company is constantly increasing their production rate; therefore, they are constantly in need of more employees in various countries. In observation of their recruitment websites, its recruitment procedure is simple. Still, it requires many professional skills from any of the applicants, no matter the position they are applying for. Applications to the company can easily be sent through mails, using the internet. The company established online application platforms to simplify the recruitment process. Therefore, the number of applicants across the globe has increased, saving time for recruiters who previously invested a lot of time in the recruitment process. However, the company faces challenges in its international operations, such as legal restrictions and the transfer of managers from their home companies (Zambrzhitskaya, 2020). The recruitment, selection, and training processes are hindered by cross-cultural ability, scarcity of highly expert professionals, technical competence, and training compensations set in other countries. Multi-skilled and flexible workers are constraining the company’s job experience.

To take advantage of the available opportunities and curb the challenges, the company should follow the following recruitment process:

  1. The recruitment planning-The planning stage should involve a comprehensive description of the job specification. The job’s major and minor responsibilities should be properly outlined. The job description should be clear on what skills and experience they are looking for, whether the job vacancy is temporary or permanent, and any other specifications.
  2. Strategy development- after settling on the required number of candidates, recruiters in the Coca-Cola company will have to agree on the most suitable strategy to adopt in the recruitment of the candidates. The company could decide to source candidates internally or externally. The strategy formulated should identify the recruitment method, what geographical location to search, activities to follow after recruitment, among others.
  3. Searching- it is upon the company to decide whether to source for candidates internally or externally, then start the searching process.
  4. Screening- Despite some companies considering screening as part of the selection process, screening plays an essential role in the recruitment process. At this stage, applications are screened per the qualifications, skills, abilities, interests, among other job specifications. There are various screening approaches such as preliminary applications, screening interviews, and de-selection tests that the company could opt for.
  5. Evaluation and control- this is the last stage of the recruitment process. It involves an analysis of the salary paid to recruiters, the time spent, cost of outsourcing if applicable, administrative costs, among others. The company will therefore analyze whether the recruitment method applied was efficient.

Selection of managers/ supervisors

Supervisors and managers play a crucial role in the organization’s performance, and the wrong selection of such executives would cost the company a fortune (Torres, 2018). Therefore, the company should start with having a sound recruitment process in place. Then a thorough preparation of the interviewing team should be done. Every interviewing candidate should be well equipped with interviewing skills. After the preparation, all interviewers should develop a common list of what they expect of the role. The next step is to prepare interview questions in advance and decide which interviewing candidate will ask each. The last step is the interview. The interviewer should make the candidates feel comfortable. Questions asked should be behavioral and based on the position requirements. Extensive cross-referencing of potential candidates should be done at this stage. The ‘halo effect’ is one of the common errors when it comes to the selection of CEOs. The halo effect is caused by prior information on the candidate from the press, TV, or other platforms. Hiring decisions do not have to be made on the first interview. It is advisable to take enough time. Scientifically validated pre-employment assessment tools can be used to avoid selection bias errors.

Best practices

The recruitment plan will only be successful. Coca-Cola’s reputation stands out among its competitors, such as Pepsi. Before employing the best candidates, Coca-Cola recruiters could use the skills test, competency assessment test, or culture test. The skills test identifies the hard and soft skills of potential candidates per the job requirements. The competency assessment is mainly carried out during interviews where candidates are asked questions to gauge their response, behavior, stress management, and communication skills. The culture test is not only meant to identify the cultural fit of potential candidates but also can be used to expand the cultural growth of the company (Lievens, 2010). The company should tell potential employees why they should come work for them. The company culture should be eye-catching and flavorable. The company should emphasize what workers should look up to and what benefits they will gain from working. Coca-Cola should paint out the leading models of the company and its values. Employee surveys can be used to identify whether the organizational culture is fitting. It would be better if the company emphasized corporate social responsibility initiatives. It portrays their concern for the community. Other than a good-working environment, the company should clearly outline the employment benefits associated examples could be flexible working schedules, training and development programs, paid holidays, insurance benefits, retirements, among others (Lievens, 2010). The company should work on making their employees their brand ambassadors. The employees have a better understanding of the products and have various social media avenues to spread the information. Online platforms such as linked-in, Facebook, Google for jobs, CareerBuilder are among the most common platforms to post the vacant positions.

Legal considerations

Coca-Cola needs to be aware of possible legal allegations. Questions asked during the interview should be carefully analyzed to eliminate the possibility of discrimination. Recruiters should not include any discrimination concepts to their candidates in the application forms or job postings. Discrimination could be in terms of race, religion, country, family status, sex, age, political belief, among others.

Selection metrics

Before evaluating the success of the selection process, the company needs to define what success means to them and indicate the objectives they want to achieve. The recruiters cannot entirely depend on intuition. The data-driven approach can be of benefit when it comes to this subject. The recruiters can evaluate the success of the selection process by tracking the time used in hiring. The shorter the spans provide the company with a better chance of attracting and hiring the most potential candidates. The cost of hiring can also be used. A deeper analysis of the internal and external costs could be carried out. The number of qualified candidates who pass the screening tests can also be used as a metric the metric indicates how good the candidates they are attracting (Sangeetha, 2010) are. The company could also analyze the effectiveness of the channels they used to advertise the job opportunity and decide on the best one. Lastly, the company could evaluate the quality of hires. High-quality employees lead to more productivity, improved culture, less costly turnover, and better organizational performance.

References

Equal Employment Opportunity Employer Reports | The Coca-Cola Company. The Coca-Cola Company. (2022). Retrieved 21 January 2022, from https://www.coca-colacompany.com/policies-and-practices/equal-employment-opportunity-employer-reports.

Keyton, J., King, T., Malachi, N.M., Manning, J., Leonard, L.L. and Schill, D., 2004. Content analysis procedure book. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas.

Kibble.org. (2022). Retrieved 21 January 2022, from https://www.kibble.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/IMS-SBD-QUA-003-Document-Extract-Selection-and-Recruitment.pdf.

Kumari, N., & Malhotra, R. (2013). A Study of the Recruitment and Selection process: SMC Global. ZENITH International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research3(2), 244-254.

Lievens, F., & Chapman, D. (2010). Recruitment and selection. The SAGE handbook of human resource management, 135-154.

Sangeetha, K. (2010). Effective Recruitment: A Framework. IUP Journal of Business Strategy7.

Torres, E. N., & Gregory, A. (2018). Hiring manager’s evaluations of asynchronous video interviews: The role of candidate competencies, aesthetics, and resume placement. International Journal of Hospitality Management75, 86-93.

Zambrzhitskaya, E. S., Tikhonova, A. V., Isaeva, M. I., Lami, T. A. M. G., & Goutorbe, A. P. (2020). CLASSICAL MANAGEMENT IN THE CONDITIONS OF MODERN COMPANIES: OPPORTUNITIES AND LIMITATIONS. Корпоративная экономика, (2), 14-24.

The Extent To Which The Discipline Of Ethnomusicology Has Shifted Since Its Inception Essay Example

Introduction

As people’s appreciation of ethnomusicology grows, so does their love for it. This article explores the application of ethnomusicological research methods to music historiography, based on ethnomusicological research methods. Several aspects can be explored here. Firstly, the methods of ethnomusicological and music historiographical inquiry are collated and the relevant concepts are elaborated. Secondly, the two most common research methods in ethnomusicology, the ‘fieldwork’ method and the ‘ephemeral and diachronic’ method, are explored in depth. The two most common research methods in ethnomusicology, namely the “fieldwork” method and the “chronological and diachronic” method, are explained separately. It is hoped that this will enable music teachers to learn from the ethnographic.

It is hoped that music teachers will be able to identify good methods of education from ethnomusicological research methods and music.

Historiography

Music historiography; ethnomusicological research methods

Disciplinary Boundaries

Ethnomusicology is the have a look at of why, and how, human beings are musical. This definition puts ethnomusicology maximum of the social sciences, humanities, and natural sciences committed to understanding the person of the human kind in all its biological, social, cultural, and creative dissimilarity. “Musical” then again in its definition does no longer incur to musical talent or ability; alternatively, it refers to the potential of people to manufacture, carry out, and arrange cognitively, reply physical and emotionally to, and interpret the meanings of humanly prepared sounds.

The foundation of song, in addition to of character musical phenomena, has in large part been referenced to a few viable approaches. (The inspiration theories are summarized in Kunst 1955: forty six-48 and Nettl 1956: 134-36). It could be a twist of destiny primarily based on the shape of a associated phenomenon, it may be encouraged by way of a nonmusical want, or it may be inevitable thru some technique of evolution in a given path. Consequently, the beginning of song in emotional speech or the vocal signaling over a long distance will be based totally mostly on twist of fate. A human want for song, and its resulting invention is postulated in theories regarding rhythmic paintings and faith because the cradles of track. European hobby within the tune of others modified into also inspired in eighteenth-century France by means of the Enlightenment, which grow to be approximate, among other matters, the purchase of conventional know-how unfettered with the resource of dogma and subculture. Works in this vein encompass Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s (1712–78) Dictionnaire de musique , which furnished notations of local American and Chinese language tune, and Jean Joseph Marie Amiot’s (1718–ninety three) Memoir sur los Angeles musique des Chinos .

In recent years, ethnomusicology has become one of the most active and diverse disciplines of study in music. It is one of those fields that are actually developing at a very rapid pace. As a sub-discipline of the musicology system, it has developed a very close link with the historical and systematic musicology and other fields of study in the umbrella of musicology system. A good comprehension and treatment of the links existing between them can be of great significance to the study of ethnomusicology. Ethnomusicology is a field of study in music theory in branch of musicology. Sociology is the study of the development of human society. It is the science of human social development. As ethnomusicology is the look at of the track and musical existence of the peoples concerned, it’s far always worried with the connection among track, musical existence and the social environment. The relationship of ethnomusicology and sociology has risen to turn out to be an inevitable well-known fashion, with the effects of sociological research in large part becoming of tremendous use as references and references for ethnomusicology, and its research strategies often being acceptable and absorbed by using the ethnomusicology subject.

Ethnomusicologists can agree that they can still find music in the world that is simple, un-spoilt and pure. They can also agree that music of other cultures had remained intact until the entrance of the Western general culture system, and has ever then changed rapidly and in a very radical manner. Today, we feel that close to all music is also changing too, at all the time and sometimes slowly, for example the case scenario of Japanese court music (yagura), and for ethnomusicologists they are more driven and concerned with the way in which different types of cultural relationships has come to disrupt and affect music.

The disparities and differences over the meaning and definition of ethnomusicology has, like those in archaeology, have steadily gone towards a broader and broader question on understanding music not simply just as a mare style, but as a humankind phenomenon, or rather as our interest is shifting in this direction. Most debates have limited it too narrowly, whereas we should have a broader perspective of viewing it, a comprehensive acceptance and, use of its definition for our own purposes.

Ethnomusicology has largely been guided by cultural anthropology and ethnography. Merriam’s definition of ethnomusicology isn’t just the study of non- European track, but ‘the examine of track in subculture’ at huge in the global wide, and i insists that music may be studied and researched not simply from the factor of view of musicians and anthropologists, however also from sociologists point of view and know-how. In the discipline of cultural anthropology, music is seen and understood as a universal human phenomenon, defined in such a way that it does not deny any link with aesthetics and the humanities, and that much of much of our understanding of music is an understanding of its culture or the way in which it functions. His emphasis is instead on new areas beyond the study of musical structure as well. Kolinsky’s view is that ethnomusicology is not limited to the musical varieties studied, nor to the regions studied, but is an approach to research with psychological, anthropological and ethnomusicological interdisciplinary implications, as a creative human phenomenon that is part of culture. The dispute over the definition of ethnomusicology has, like archaeology, steadily towards a broader and broader understanding of music not just as a style, but as a human phenomenon, or rather our interest is shifting in this direction. Most discussions have been too narrowly defined, whereas we need to take a broader view, embrace the full range of definitions and use them for our own purposes.

Ethnomusicology, as an inclusive discipline, has developed in a process of intersection and integration not only with other sub-disciplines of musicology, but also with many colleagues in the social sciences, both directly and indirectly. It is in this way that the discipline of ethnomusicology differs from the other sub-disciplines of musicology and has a distinctive ‘social science’ character. In terms of the field of cultural anthropology, the study of music as a universal human phenomenon, defined in such a way as not to negate the links with aesthetics and the humanities, and that much of our understanding of music is an understanding of its culture or the way it functions as an expression of music. As a discipline, the common features embodied by different scholars are broadly the purpose of research, the conduct of research in the field and the problem of ethno musicological notation. The second characteristic considered here is the second point of fieldwork. Much has been written about the importance of fieldwork, but it is also difficult to teach people how to do it well. The purpose of fieldwork for ethnomusicologists is to collect material, and the experience of fieldwork is transferable; fieldwork outside one’s own culture can certainly make one more aware of other cultures, cultures one has not yet encountered, or at least make one aware of the problems of doing research in other areas.

Theoretical Method

I. The Change in Ethnomusicology.

The concept of the ‘ethnomusicology field’ is very different from what it was a few decades ago, when for some time music researchers were keen to study other cultures. Nowadays, many people do their research in or around the city where they live, studying those of different races and nationalities. It’s miles first essential to outline musical change. Within non-Western track, exchange seems to be a phenomenon considerably super from exchange in a cultivated, Western lifestyle. While modifications through substitution in a repertory arise in each sort of cultures, it is best in those which hire oral tradition that hooked up compositions are altered.

Consequently, change in a cultivated musical lifestyle seems to become what may be cumulative and progressive, new material truly being added to the vintage; in an oral way of existence, it is able to be traded in an actual experience, the antique cloth being eliminated because the ultra-modern is added. Changes in a repertory, or beyond the clean alteration of man or woman compositions, arise in numerous approaches. Man or woman elements of a music may also additionally go through alternate, even as others stay identical. New songs can be introduced right into a repertory, causing the older material to alternate by means of assimilation; or the new fabric may also regularly change to accommodate the fashion of the old. Adjustments in a repertory, if not due to the substitution of latest compositions for older ones, are of route decided by using the adjustments wrought in man or woman compositions. But while change in a repertory is apparent, it’s miles often no longer possible to determine what has befell to character compositions. Subsequently the 2 levels of change should usually be approached in contrastive techniques. There are numerous reasons for musical trade, and the following discussion is limited to the ones worried in music in oral way of life. However, the same reasons, and likely others, can be applicable to cultivated music.

As time goes on, the discipline of music is also moving in a diversified direction, and the research methods that should be used are also varied. For example, quantitative research, microscopic research, comparative method research, etc. These research methods do not come from the discipline, but have evolved from other disciplines. When teachers lead their students in researching music historiography, they cannot use just one single method, as teachers and other researchers have different goals and targets when studying and doing research in music, and so the methods used need to be different. The teacher needs to use a variety of methods to draw conclusions and then to organize a unified approach before applying the ethnomusicological ‘fieldwork method’ and the ‘ephemeral and coeval method’ to achieve clarity, which is the advantage of using multiple research methods. Ethnomusicology is primarily the study of the ethnomusicology of various countries and regions, and is associated by its ethnographic features. Therefore, in the study can be based on local culture, natural conditions and historical background. The study is thus relatively simple when it comes to examination, but whatever method is used to study ethnomusicology, the suitability of the method is crucial if we are to gain an in-depth understanding.

II. Ways of Investigating Ethnomusicology Shift.

Most of the various tactics to historic troubles in ethnomusicology and the interpretation of descriptive data in a diachronic manner, 3 are determined on for short talk proper right here: evolutionary, geographic, and statistical. The schemes arranging musical cloth right into a time collection might also follow to generalized principles or to more particular local ones. For instance, its miles believed by using some that each way of life is going thru a level of the monophonic song, after which polyphony is developed. Cultures that have a brilliant deal of polyphony, which include many in Negro Africa, are accordingly assumed to be better within the musical evolution system than those that have little or no polyphony, together with the North American Indians.

The geographic techniques to historical questions had been more treasured. They have got constantly been popular for classificatory purposes, and there are few ethnomusicological research which do not embody a few announcement of geographic reference. There are perhaps fundamental makes use of which ethnomusicologists make of geographic principles: (1) They plot distributions of musical phenomena, entire styles, and individual proportion, however greater often in character tendencies abstracted from their patterns, which can be found in various stylistic environments. An instance of the latter is a scale type observed with diverse varieties of meter or form, in order that its distribution isn’t laid low with the opposite elements within the same composition. (2) They classify the arena in phrases of musical areas which showcase a few diplomas of inner cohesion and assessment with neighboring areas. The consequences of those plotting and classifications are then used as the basis for conclusions on starting place and trade in music.

Statistical methods have been used most effective in latest a long time; however, they appear to be more analytical and additionally very promising for historical contexts. With the aid of way of statistical research strategies, we do now not propose all methods which depend upon massive bodies of music, corporations of variations, or one-of-a-kind collections of precise genres, which try and examine samplings from a corpus, and which appoint quantitative category. Statistics in its greater technical enjoy have been used in a ultra-modern examine by using using Merriam (1956), which gives with troubles not with the aid of and big of historic interest. A classic example of a have a take a look at with historical implications is the sort-description of Suriname tune via Kolinski (1936). Right here the proportions of African fabric in song utilized in United States of America. Further, on the town are in comparison, and even though ancient conclusions are not drawn, they’re glaring. The brand-new e-book examines with the aid of the existing creator, comparing variants of British ballads gathered in diverse areas of the Jap America, suggests a danger of the use of information for tracing the history of musical devices. Statistical samplings of the repertories of individual singers and game enthusiasts, and of man or woman musical elements or trends (considered one after the other from entire compositions) have now not started to be tested; the importance of ancient orientations in ethnomusicology can quite in reality be visible. Such orientations can contribute to the information of lifestyle exchange in elegant, as well as to a higher fact of the approaches of song records.

Application of ephemeral and co-occurring methods

The workload of teachers in applying this method of research can be quite heavy, as it requires them to prepare a lot of information in advance. This method of inquiry is mainly based on the spatial and temporal approach to the study of some musical things. Ethnomusicology is compared with the situation at the time, and in the process of comparing some of the differences are associated with limited scope. In the process of studying and exploring any music, it is necessary to identify music from the same time frame, comparing it in terms of governance, culture and customs, respectively, to find points of connection and differences. For example, from a cultural point of view, the cultural history of different ethnic music, for example, from a cultural perspective, the cultural history of the music of different peoples cannot be summarized in one or several concepts. The music of different ethnic groups has a unique cultural heritage and should therefore be treated equally in order to recognize each type of music in this age of diversity.

In this age of diversity, it is important to recognize the unique charm of each type of music. For example, the differences in Western music and culture cannot be summarized in one simple topic, not one simple main theme, but a variety of melodies that intersect with each other, while there are differences that together create a theme of the times. There are fifty-six nationalities, so there are also very significant differences between the music of each nationality, nevertheless the cultural connotations of the music have much in common this is the interplay and the age of ethnomusicological diversity. This method can also be called the comparative method, finding the similarities and differences between music, and eventually gaining a deeper understanding of music, and teachers should use this method more often to teach.9

Application of the Fieldwork Method

The fieldwork method in ethnomusicology is a method of research in which fieldwork is carried out to find authentic and reliable information on ethnomusicology and to analyze the objectivity and authenticity of this information in order to obtain valuable information. As a very important research method in ethnomusicology, the ‘fieldwork method’ requires the researcher to face the realities of life, not just the music in isolation. In the process of learning music history, teachers should teach students how to gain the trust of others in an unfamiliar environment, which is a very difficult problem to overcome and a bottleneck in the fieldwork method. It is very important for teachers to make use of the “fieldwork method” to switch cultures in order to integrate into a foreign culture and to evaluate the culture in an objective language, so as to improve their own abilities.

In the end, it is important to learn not only the music itself, but also the culture of the music. Several research methods in ethnomusicology can help students learn a lot of knowledge beyond music, so when teachers teach music history, they can make appropriate use of ethnomusicological research methods to make learning more vivid and interesting, and it is also very helpful for the improvement of music.

Research Interests

Ethnomusicology has been increasingly more guided by way of cultural anthropology and ethnography. Merriam’s definition of ethnomusicology is not simply the take a look at of non- European tune, but ‘the look at of song in subculture’, and i accept as true with that song may be studied now not handiest from the factor of view of musicians and anthropologists, but additionally from the point of view of sociologists. His emphasis is on a brand-new discipline of look at past the center of musical shape. Kolinsky’s view is that ethnomusicology isn’t restrained to the form of tune studied, nor to the area studied, but is an approach to analyze that has psychological, anthropological and ethnomusicological interdisciplinary implications, as an innovative human phenomenon this is a part of subculture. Ethnomusicologists accept as true with that they could still discover track in the international that is primitive and natural. They agree with that the tune of different cultures remained intact until the encroachment of Western structures, after which modified rapidly and significantly.

Conclusion

The observe of ethnomusicology, in contrast to the discursive disciplines of tune is a surprisingly realistic and engaging field whose theories and strategies were regularly summarized by way of preceding generations of musicologists through good sized fieldwork and table paintings. Bartóok and Kodály’s who performed an essential function within the progress and improvement of ethnomusicology. Ethnomusicology can be pretty influential and impactful inside the international if it unearths approaches of making use of the performing arts to boom the electricity of the politically vulnerable, to offer emotional enjoy of all, and make certain the protection of the nonviolent, co-operative relationships that make for precise living as a lot as successful musical overall performance.

Basing on the above-argumentized essay we finish that ethnomusicology has largely shifted and could preserve shifting and song itself is growing and increasing its use from health and healing. Ethnomusicologists have now switched interest to seeking to understand the relationship among track, infection, and healing. Currently those have taken the shape of nearby ethnographic research in cultures that believe in the strength of music to remedy illnesses, especially ailments that are attributed to supernatural reasons

References

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McLean, Mervyn. Pioneers of Ethnomusicology. Coral Springs, FL: Llumina Press, 2006.

Mieczyslaw Kolinski, “Classification of Tonal Structures,” Studies in Ethnomusicology.  (1961):

Myers, Helen, ed. Ethnomusicology: Historical and Regional Studies. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993

Porter, James. Jeannie Robertson: Emergent Singer, Transformative Voice. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995

Post, Jennifer C. Ethnomusicology: A Research and Information Guide. New York: Routledge, 2011.

Rees, Helen. “The Age of Consent: Traditional Music, Intellectual Property, and Changing Attitudes in the People’s Republic of China.” British Journal of Ethnomusicology 12, no. 1 (2003): 70–151.

Rice, Timothy. Ethnomusicology: A very short Introduction. Oxford University press 2014.

Roseman, Marina. Healing Sounds from the Malaysian Rainforest: Temiar Music and Medicine. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.