Essay About Google’s Organizational Culture Essay Example

Google’s organizational culture is represented n several ways which include their management structure, and their public transparency, treatment of employees etc. Google has people who’s sole job is to keep employees happy and maintain productivity. People operations are where science and human resources intersect. And it’s what keeps Google a top-performing company. A Culture Built on Qualitative and Quantitative Data: They’re always testing to find ways to optimize their people, both in terms of happiness and performance. In fact, almost everything Google does is based off data.

Few examples below Lunch Lines: According to Google it’s about three to four minutes. Any longer and they may waste time, any shorter and they don’t get to meet new people. Lunch Tables: If you want employees to meet each other, make the tables long. This will expose them to more people who they can get to know. Deep Technical Knowledge Doesn’t Make the Best Managers: Just because an engineer is ten times more productive doesn’t mean they’ll be the best manager, according to Google. While having deep technical knowledge is important, it ranks as the least important of the 8.

Mission Google’s mission is a bottom-up encapsulation of what excites Google’s, it rates an arena where data and people can be brought together in surprising ways, ranging from Sweepstakes (the vocalism-to-Twitter application launched during the Egyptian revolution) to a father sending his daughter a twenty-first- century message in a bottle . “The translation of our mission into something real and tangible has a huge effect on who decides to join Google, how much engagement and creativity they bring to this place, and even on how they feel and behave after leaving”. Bock, 2011) Transparency ‘Default to open’ is a phrase sometimes heard in the open-source community. Their intranet includes product roadman, launch plans, and employee snippets (weekly status reports), alongside employee and team Okras (quarterly goals) so that everyone can see what everyone else is working on. And if you think about it, if you’re an organization that says ‘our people are our greatest asset,’ you must default to open. It’s the only way to demonstrate to your employees that you believe they are trustworthy adults and have good judgment.

Voice: Believing in a greater good and knowing what’s going on are important, but people then need to be able to translate their beliefs and knowledge into action. We try to have as many channels for expression as we can, recognizing that different people – and different ideas – will percolate up in different ways. The channels include direct emails to any of our leaders; TGIF; various sites and listserv; Google+ conversations (of course); They regularly survey employees about their managers, and then use that information to publicly recognize the best managers and enlist them as teachers and role models for the next year.

Passion, not Perks: Nurturing the people in organization doesn’t require expensive perks or touchy-feely gimmicks. It’s about motivating, engaging and existing – and it can work for anybody. (Bock, 201 1) Google Culture Under Larry Page:On April 4, 2011 Larry Page officially became the CEO of Google, replacing Eric Schmidt. Google had a few issues facing them at the time of the CEO transition, including: Too many products. They had around 50 they were offering, many of which weren’t well maintained. No focus on design – in many cases products hadn’t changed in years Too much bureaucracy.

This led many employees to leave for Faceable, where they could ship code early and often. What’s changes have there been since Page became the leader? More wood Enid fewer arrows. In other words, more focus on fewer projects. Many experiments were shut down (i. E. Google Labs died). There’s a renewed and intense focus on making products beautiful. When Page took over as CEO, he said that the biggest threat facing Google was Google itself. He says that as companies get bigger, it tends to take longer to make decisions.

Things have undoubtedly changed now. They’ve also experimented in some interesting areas, such as self-driving cars, the Google “x phone”, Project Glass. If businesses want to attract top tiered talent that isn’t consumed by making money, they’ll need to Ochs on making a great working culture. This includes the work atmosphere, to the work done, to employee freedom. Google embodied this particular culture because they decided very early on that their focus would be on their employees, hence causing them to opt for an employee-friendly culture.

Google also knew they wanted to be different in their approach to everything and surround themselves with the best people to do just that. A flogger for Isometrics wrote, ” These interview questions may seem unnecessary to some, but they are one method Google uses to filter and find the smartest, most thoughtful candidates. If you want to run an extraordinary company, you need to hire extraordinary people’,(Bubbly 201 3, How Google hires section, Para 7). An organization like Google requires a leader with a bountiful amount of inspiration.

The organizational structure has very few vertical positions, so the few in those positions must be able to inspire the many that will be making decisions during the course of their work. The very nature of Google is to continually change and improve what what they do – help people find what they are looking for. A leader for Google will have to be able to see the big picture and look to the future for ewe and improved ways to remain on the cutting edge. If there is ever a decline for the service of web searching, Google will have to respond by finding ways to adapt to the new demand.

It is the essential reason why they hire the people they do. Google strives to hire the most curious thinkers and smartest people they can get. With the smartest, most thoughtful candidates (Bubbly , 2013), Google has the resources (employees) and means (employees) to adapt to a decline in the demand for it’s primary service – web search.

The Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System ( GPS ) , a system of 24 orbiters circling the Earth, is a reasonably new engineering. As with a batch of new engineerings there are countless advantages and utilizations? but there is besides a downside to our increasing trust on this system.

These years GPS is happening its manner into autos, boats, planes, building equipment, film devising cogwheel, farm machinery, even laptop computing machines. It works by utilizing orbiters as mention points to cipher a place someplace on the Earth – a place accurate to a affair of metres. In fact, with advanced signifiers of GPS you can do measurings to better than a centimetre! We have begun to give every square metre on the planet a alone reference.

GPS receiving systems are being made smaller and more low-cost – doing the engineering accessible to virtually everyone. It’s going standard equipment in the field of archeology/anthropology, geology surveies, is used for amusement intents ( such as hoarded wealth Hunts ) – it merely may go a cosmopolitan public-service corporation. Most GPS receiving systems have the ability to hive away attribute information in add-on to place information in a Geographic Information System ( GIS ) .

Examples of attribute information are the status of a street mark, the name of a route, or a location of a mineshaft or other dangers. It is superior to other pilotage systems in that it is more accurate and consistent ( ex. : heavenly pilotage is complicated and is merely of usage at dark and in good conditions conditions, with limited preciseness; radio systems such as Omega have limited truth and are capable to radio intervention? )

It has supplied more information about how our Earth plants and moves; for illustration, research workers at the University of West Florida used differential GPS to analyze coastline eroding caused by hurricanes. The place of the beach/sand was measured with a GPS before and after the passing of a hurricane ( Hurricane Georges, 1998 ) and the consequence of the storm was measured and visualized in a GIS. Using it to more accurately record alterations in the Earth, we are better able to understand our environment because of it.

But with all of its advantages and parts I think that the GPS can promote a deficiency of autonomy and an ever-increasing tendency towards human trust on engineering. ( Just expression at the Y2K scare – that shows how much we have come to trust on our computing machines for mundane activities ) . If person is lost out in the wilderness and for some ground his GPS is non working – which is all excessively common – he is lost. GPS signals can be obscured or confused by many objects, delayed by atmospheric conditions and wireless moving ridges, yet companies that sell the GPS are promoting this complete trust: “Throw off your paper maps.

The Copilot 2000 keeps path of your location and shows you the fastest path to where you want to go.” ( Ziff Davis Smart Business for the New Economy, Sept 1, 2000 ) For me this is an indicant of our all excessively built-in trust and assurance in engineering. By utilizing the GPS you are trusting on other people, on political relations.

The authorities has control of what you know, how much you know, of your location. The populace was officially told that the US military “will throng the planetary placement system in any future struggle, to forestall hostile usage of the satellite-based pilotage system” – letting the civil signal to be jammed without barricading the military codification. They have complete control of the system; they have already tracked felons and persons on word with it. Could the authorities finally utilize it to track every person?

They have complete control of every facet of this system, are able to “jam” it at any clip, doing GPS slightly undependable or unintegratable for the user. If we become excessively reliant on it, it will go merely one more thing that we would be at their clemency for. There are already applications that are out at that place to “track your friends” The authorities controls the system’s truth – non your ain personal ability to utilize the engineering. For illustration – pres. Clinton merely made the GPS a more accurate system by telling the SA ( selective ability ) to be turned off. ( it follows that they could merely as easy order the full system to be shut down or closed off to non-governmental usage. )

Another issue that came to mind was privatenes. ( some of the things I found advertised on the net were reasonably chilling? )

“With nomadic placement, your phone could go a personal trailing device, letting your household, friends and foreman to cognize where you are at all times. My foreman likes to believe of nomadic phones as umbilical cords that connect his employees to him around the clock. He may be pleased to cognize that shortly he can lodge willing subordinates in a hi-tech uterus of kinds and know their whereabouts at all times.

“Worry no more, doting parents! Whether it’s your small pumpkin’s first twenty-four hours walking place from school by herself or the millionth clip you’ve lost her at the promenade, the Babysitter TM will track your sweet pea’s location from a jelly bean-sized micro chip implant, discretely tucked under her clavicle. You’ll be able to chart her every move. What better manner to give her independency, and set your head at easiness? ”

As the usage of GPS engineering spreads, your motions could be tracked and the information sold. And so far, there’s no legal protection? Fast-forward a few old ages into the hereafter. Your cell phone is a smart personal digital helper that’s equipped with, among other things, a Global Positioning System ( GPS ) bit. That means that every bit long as it’s turned on, the phone knows precisely where you are all the clip. In many ways, this characteristic is quite convenient: Consult your cell phone, and you can now happen the nearest Radio Shack, voyage your manner out of an unfamiliar vicinity, or supply exigency medical forces with a beacon that shows them your location. But the engineering besides has a slightly harmful potency. It will be much easier for everybody, including your employer, enemies, measure aggregators, and household members to track you down. As you travel from the campus to the food market shop, to the spirits shop, a lasting record can be built of your motions.

That valuable information can so theoretically be sold to marketing companies — or to anybody else who wants it. This is likely traveling to be the following large issue – location privatenes. In add-on to cell phones, extremely advanced GPS engineering is besides likely to be added to most theoretical accounts of autos. Already, the General Motors OnStar service, which is offered on several theoretical accounts as an optional characteristic, uses GPS information to supply waies, eating house recommendations, and exigency wayside aid. People don’t recognize how available the information is, and how it is already being used. We’ve ne’er had a state of affairs where information about the location of 1000000s of people is all of a sudden readily available, easy and cheaply.

The Global Positioning System has many pros and cons, and if we continue to increase our trust on such engineerings it may hold an unsought consequence. The less we rely on ourselves and the more we look to person or something else to inform us and teach us, the more unqualified and less autonomous we become.

Description About Toyota Motor Corporation

It is the world’s largest automobile maker by sales. The company was founded by Choir Toyota in 1937 as a spiff from his father’s company Toyota Industries to create automobiles. Three years earlier, in 1934, while still a department of Toyota Industries, it created its first product, the Type A engine, and, in 1 936, its first passenger car, the Toyota AAA. Toyota also owns and operates Lexus and Scion brands and has a majority shareholding stake in Dadaists and Hint Motors, and minority shareholdings in Fuji Heavy Industries, ISSUE Motors, Yamaha Motors, and Mitosis Aircraft Corporation.

The company includes 522 subsidiaries. Toyota is headquartered in Toyota City, Chichi and in Tokyo. In addition to manufacturing automobiles, Toyota provides financial services through its Toyota Financial Services division and also builds robots. Toyota Motor Corporation (including Toyota Financial Services) and Toyota Industries form the bulk of the Toyota Group, one of the largest conglomerates in the world. Product and services Toyota products are abundance. From selling vehicles like cars, mini vans, sports utility cars, and many more to marine products such as speed boats.

They also sell spare parts which include maintenance parts, oils and exterior and functional parts. Not to mention, a various numbers of accessories they have been come up with. For example, car navigation system, and security products. They also provide facilities to maintain the cars, providing after-sale maintenance for the customers. These are products and services within its industry. Toyota corp.. Also diversifies its business by venturing into new business enterprise, marine business and biotechnology and forestation business. They also involve in financial service by Toyota Financial Service roof.

Besides that, they are involved in housing business as well, known as Toyota Housing Corporation. Last but not least, they have been into the IT and ITS business as well with the introduction of e-Toyota and KAZOO Evaluation of business practices on ethical aspects Positive ethical aspect Due to its scandalous safety regulation on its vehicle, Toyota has developed and tested a precision-cut steel reinforcement bar. This bar will be installed into the accelerator pedal assembly thus eliminate the excess friction which caused pedal to stick in rare (Pedal Solution, 2010).

This is a positive ethical aspect by Toyota. They also have done a recall on all the vehicles and changed the parts in 2008. After the recall, Toyota tend to be more responsive by dealing with customers closely and take immediate actions to ensure the safeness of the vehicles. They also placed rapid response SMART teams to make on-site inspections on the cars and get the customers’ feedbacks. This is also a positive ethical approach by Toyota. Besides that, Toyota had come out with fuel efficiency technologies through hybrid vehicles.

This is an initiative to diversify energy and reduce the carbon oxide emitted by vehicles. They mentioned that they have enough resources and advance technologies to produce a more environmental friendly car (Andrew & Dirk, 2007) for a cleaner environment as this hybrid car emits 25% to 30% less carbon dioxide than a normal vehicle. It is also profitable new market for car industry. This shows that Toyota is socially responsible as they are gaining profit and creating a better environment for others. Toyota has also been involves in community services.

They donated more than $1 00,000 for hurricane Sandy’s victims in 1st March 2013. Not only hat, they are involved in the program called “Paint Your School” which leads to an even bigger project later on. This shows that they are involved in the community. Negative ethical aspect The Toast’s workers have been forced to work between 15 to ours per day for seven days a week. They are forced to work for such long hours and received wages below minimum wages of the countries. Due to this, Toyota has thousands of “over worked to death” claims each year.

This shows that Toyota is lacking in protecting the safety of its workers in the organization which is against the law. Another negative aspect of Toyota is the news about Human Trafficking related to Toyota. Tens of thousands of foreign workers are trafficked to Japan, stripped of their passports and are cheated of their wages. The workers are mostly trafficked from China and Vietnam and are working under abusive sweatshop conditions producing auto parts for Toyota. Besides, the delaying of safety investigation is a serious lack of ethical offense by Toyota.

They have neglected the problem since 2001 and delay the process in order to save some money. The delay in recall too is a major concern. This delay Of recall of 9. Million cars in 2009 with repeated defects such as malfunction of airbags and sticky gas paddle has caused many accidents and death. Not to mention the bad ethic practice they did when they are trying to cover up the stories about the sticky gas paddle. They were not only neglected customers’ complains but also brushed off the complaints saying that the consumers only want money to accuse them for such incidents.

They were lying about doing the investigation too. These are the negative ethical practices by Toyota. HTH kcal Theories In contrast to the four ethical theories, Toyota has violated 3 out 4 of them. Ethical Theory 1 -? Utilitarianism Utilitarianism holds that the rightness of an action is based on how much benefits or happiness it gives compared to its costs for the greatest number of people. Under utilitarianism theory, Toyota has violated this ethic by causing unhappiness in a lot of people with its company. In this case, people have been complaining on the malfunction of the vehicle’s airbags during accidents.

Toyota should have taken action as soon as possible instead of just ignoring the complaints. Not only that, Toyota is notorious of its safety history such as the problems With its accelerator pedals issue. After the Sailor family’s car accidents which caused the whole family died, then only Toyota recalls 4 million gas pedals for repairs. It is by far the largest recall Toyota had ever made in United State (Brown, 2009). All this while, since 2001, more than 1 ,OHO Toyota and Lexus owners have reported the same issues (Abbreviated, 2009) yet Toyota did not do anything.

This unethical behavior of Toyota has been revealed and Toyota finally admitted that they did drag the safety investigation of its vehicles. This delay has saved them $1 million and 50,000 man hours. Toyota should have just run the tests to see if there was really a problem in the beginning. This will increased happiness among its consumers because it shows that Toyota cares about its consumer and not see them for the money. Besides that, Toyota failed to be ethical due to the after-act benefits and cost (Fullerton, 2004).

After the unethical act of delaying the safety issues of its vehicles, Toyota lost millions of dollars for the recall, rebuilding its reputation and paying its penalty (Hirsch, 2014) which lead to a higher cost than its benefits. Ethical Theory 2-? Human rights Human beings of every nationality possess to an equal extent simply by virtue of being human beings. In this case, Toyota has denied their employees’ human rights. Back in Japan, Toast’s manufacturing plants are one of the worst places to work in the world. The company’s operations are being called as human trafficking and slavery.

A human right group called The National Labor Committee had written a 65-pages report entitled “The Toyota You Don’t Know’ alleged that Toyota is linked to human trafficking. It states that this foreign workers’ trafficking is mainly from China and Vietnam. These workers’ passport are taken and forced to work overtime every day and their wages are below legal minimum wages (Rosen, 2002). There are also thousands of “over worked to death” claims each year. There was a case of Kinetic Chino who died due to overworked.

He was just 30 years old, forced to work 13 to 14 hours a day, while having 106 and 155 hours of overtime in 30 days which caused on his death. Chino’s wife wanted to get pension for their children but Toyota claimed that he had only worked 45 hours of overtime; the rest was a voluntary and unpaid work by him. She then fought back in court and succeeded. The court held that Mr. Chino was worked to death. Not only that, if there is an injury occurred to employees, they will fired and will not receive any compensation from Toyota.

There are already 1,800 cases in United State where Kentucky plants employees have been injured, lay off and were not given any compensation. Toyota has been denying their basic human and employees’ rights. This shows how unethical Toyota Company is. Toast’s union busting has dominated and destroyed a lot Of small countries and states around the world. They reduce the standards of living among the citizens. Toyota builds their manufacturing plants in the poorest states in order to get that advantage of the lowest wages in the country. There are a lot of temporary workers are kept as one for over 4 years.

Their strategy is to control and lower the average wages. They will hire the poorest workers in the state to manufacture the cheapest materials whilst maximize its profits. Ethical Theory 3 – Virtue Ethics An ethics of virtue is based on the person’s characteristics. It looks at the moral character Of the person when carrying Out an action. This theory includes courage and honesty which Toyota has failed. Toyota did not have the courage to try to fix the problem or investigate it. They even brushed off the complaints saying that customers just want money from them.

Besides, they weren’t being honest about the whole situation of the safety investigation of the vehicles. According to Bill Kong, Toast’s media representative said that their engineers had look into the problem but they did not find anything wrong with it, while in reality they never investigate the problem at all (Thomas, 2007). Toyota had violated the virtue ethics for wowing neither courage nor honesty in doing business. Ethical Theory 4-? Ethics of care Ethics of care emphasizes on caring for those around us. Toyota has been practicing this ethic in its business.

For example, ‘Piñata Tu Clues” which means Paint Your School program. This program was first launched in 2005 by Toyota De Venezuela in order to improve the study atmosphere. Later on, they realized that the actual need of the schools hence they have to go beyond on what they were doing. They promised to build a new school in Laguna Chick. However, the local community doubted the promise as it was dad by a third party. Nevertheless, Toyota De Venezuela was serious about it and kept their promise. On 9th December 2008, the opening ceremony of the school was made.

In this case, it shows that Toyota has been practicing ethics of care which lead to build its reputation in the view of the public. Conclusion As conclusion for this report, although Toyota Company is a well-known automaker brand in the world but they also facing their hard time with the ethical dilemmas aspects such as above. Toyota aware the dilemmas importance where they have overcome their dilemmas facing in order to improve their business and gives consumer a trustworthy towards their company brand by using the ethical theories such as, Utilitarianism theory and Virtue theory.

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