Essay About New Technology And Its Impact Essay Example

New Technology Essay Introduction

New technologies play an increasingly important role in human lives. Nowadays, it is hard to imagine everyday life without a computer, cell phone, iPod, the Internet, etc. All these innovations become a considerable part of social life and change the way people live, communicate, work, and relax. Technological progress cannot be stopped or replaced.

This fact has to be understood to provide society with better living and working conditions and appropriate social services. The current paper aims at assessing the impact of new technologies upon society in such spheres as education, healthcare, and working management.

The chosen spheres seem to be a kind of the basis of any society, and if the impact of new technologies in these fields will be evaluated, the impact of new technologies upon society may be understood as well.

Technologies shape modern society and perform the role of a survival tool that cannot be neglected: on the one hand, new technologies may easily destroy society within a short period of time, and on the other hand, innovations can help to overcome the challenges, and people should gain control over all technologies and never forget that they, the people, not the technologies, are the creators of the future.

Irreversibility of a Technological Progress

Almost every sphere of life is in need of constant changes, inventions, and ideas. People should understand the level of their responsibility about the way of how new technologies are implemented. Luppicini (2012) admits that people treat technology as “a complex social system defined by a complex set of human-technological relations embedded in life and society” (p. xviii).

The system of improvements promoted by new technologies may simply shape and reshape society (Naughton 2010). Many experts are ready to argue concerning who or what should run the process. There are many factors that influence the perception of technological progress.

However, one fact is evident and cannot be neglected – new technologies will enter each person’s life one day, and society has to accept every single innovation to survive in such a rapidly developing world.

Several years ago, people could spend days and nights making conclusions, evaluating the information, thinking about something, or planning a talk. Nowadays, people prefer to surf the web and find answers within a short period of time, use their cell phones or Skype and talk to any person around the whole globe, address an online expert, and get a number of ideas in several minutes (Kiesler 2014).

On the one hand, such technical assistance is a perfect way to improve living and working conditions; on the other hand, such a variety of choices frightens a lot as people stop thinking but rely on some technological help. Society does not want to think but read the already given facts and use them in life.

People do not want to listen to those who are sitting nearby but prefer to ask those who are miles away, by means of Facebook or something like that. However, such dependence upon technologies is an independent decision of people. People have all the chances to make independent decisions, think, analyze, evaluate, etc. but they simply do not want to.

Education and New Technologies

People learn society, its peculiarities, and development when they are at schools. Most of them meet new technologies during the educative process. The choice of the sphere of education and its relation to new technologies is evident.

New technologies promote the development of new learning opportunities. For example, “academic librarians, as facilitators of the research and information-retrieval process, need to apply the new information technologies to information literacy programs actively and train their users to use the technologies” (Kern 2011, p. 92).

One decade ago, many students had to find numerous books, spend many hours reading some general literature to find out an answer to one question, and be upset with their inabilities to achieve good results. Nowadays, students are free to ask for literary help and get it quickly and spend the rest of the time, analyzing the necessary portion of the material.

At the same time, such an opportunity may become an obstacle for society – students become not able to work hard and prefer to use the easiest ways in their educational process. Instead of making independent calculations, students use online calculators; instead of developing a powerful essay, students may buy them online; instead of introducing their own ideas on a topic, students like to read the already developed projects, etc.

Bush (2012) says that new technologies used for education help society to see how far people have not come yet. If students have sophisticated curators, they are lucky to learn how advantaged new technologies can be.

Unfortunately, there are many tutors who do not want to follow the order that is required in classrooms. Such tutors allow using cell phones in class, addressing the web to find an answer in a short period of time, and communicating with peers by means of all their devices.

Such an impact of new technologies upon society is bad indeed. However, if tutors prefer real-life communication, support the absence of all additional devices except those, which are required for a lesson, and promote students thinking, analyzing, and even making mistakes to get to the truth, new technologies cannot do any harm to society.

Healthcare and New Technologies

If the evaluation of the connection between the sphere of education and new technologies shows how society should treat technological improvements, the evaluation of technologies’ implementation to the sphere of healthcare may prove that the techno progress is of high importance. Many experts admit that current health care is poorly delivered in many small towns, villages, and even big cities (Cooper 2010).

People are not always able to get the required portion of help because of information shortage, poor technologies, or lack of experience. New technologies are able to change the way of how healthcare is delivered (Cooper, 2010). Society may benefit from the available opportunities considerably.

For example, people can make an appointment with a necessary doctor online instead of calling the hospital and listening that the line is busy. Doctors can learn a patient’s information if online databases are available and think about treatment quicker. Such an impact of technologies upon society seems to be the most crucial.

Experts admit that the human brain, as the most sensitive organ, can be under a terrible threat from the modern world because new technologies may spread throughout human heads and hearts fast (Greenfield 2013). The use of technologies may be beneficial for one person and harmful for another person at the same time.

Many people get used to searching for information online and forget about the importance of personal experience, professional points of view, and attention to the details. For example, a young lady who has some problems with her stomach may not address her therapist but rely on the information found on the Internet. She chooses a wrong diagnosis with the wrong treatment.

The results may vary, and some of them are not always good. This is why only professional doctors, educated nurses, and other appropriate experts are free to combine technologies and healthcare to achieve good results and provide society with quality services.

Workplace and New Technologies

The way of how people are able to interpret new technologies’ implementation at workplaces may predetermine the quality of social life as well. Managers truly believe that technologies improve the process of communication between co-workers and workers and consumers considerably (Leonardi 2009).

They hope to provide workers with more time for other activities, facilitate the exchange of information process, or focus on other possible improvements. When society is free to choose services, ideas, activities, etc., they feel happier and more satisfied with the life given. Still, when managers use the same tactics for their workers, they are not always sure about the results of the required organizational change.

In the beginning, people are ready to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with the improvements offered instead of making an attempt and trying to accept the change. It is easier for society to follow an old order, familiar rules, and regular norms.

But society is not always able to notice that the earlier offered technologies have already spread and implemented within a short period of time. In other words, people are usually afraid of some changes at first or too lazy to accept something new. But, at the same time, they are too weak to resist the technological progress that is coming anyway and supported by a few people.

New Technology Essay Conclusion

In general, the assessment of the impact of new technologies upon society helps to understand that people themselves are able to create the challenges that have to be overcome.

The evaluation of three different spheres of life (education, healthcare, and working management) and their dependence upon technological development shows that people are in need of some changes as well as they are under a threat of the outcomes of these changes all the time.

The paradox of relations between technologies and society is an ability to create the worst things from the best opportunities and vice versa. Even the best ideas may be harmful in the wrong hands; this is why society should be ready to discover, understand, and implement all new technologies in time and use them to survive, succeed, and enjoy this life.

Reference List

Bush, T 2012, ‘Exploring the future impact of technology on teaching and learning’, The Guardian.

Cooper, G 2010, ‘Using technology to improve society’, The Guardian.

Greenfield, S 2013, ‘Modern technology is changing the way our brains work, says neuroscientist’, Mail Online.

Kern, MK 2011, ‘The impact of new technologies on current awareness tools in academic libraries’, Reference & User Services Quarterly, vol. 51, no. 2, pp.92-97.

Kiesler, S 2014, Culture of the Internet, Psychology Press, New York.

Leonardi, PM 2009, ‘Why do people reject new technologies and stymie organizational changes of which they are in favour? Exploring misalignments between social interactions and materiality’, Human Communication Research, vol. 35, pp. 407-441.

Luppicini, R 2012, Ethical impact of technological advancements and applications in society, Information Science Reference, Hershey.

Naughton, J 2010, ‘The Internet: Is it changing the way we think?’, The Guardian.

 

Computers History, Classification And Development

Discussion

In history, computers were only used as machines that performed calculations. These changed over time with more supplicated machines which were being developed to perform more general tasks (Null L.& Lobur J., P. 34) Modern computer is a result of advances in technologies and the need to quantify record numbers and language.

Papyrus was used to make records and write numbers. Among the first machines used was the Abacus, which helped the early man to count (History of Computers, Para. 1). Actually, it was people who were regarded as the first computer. This is because computers were developed to perform the functions that were assigned to people.

The name computer was a job title for people who were used to do calculations (An Illustrated History of Computers, part. 1). The word “computer” is said to have originated from the Latin to refer to a person who computes (Rojas & Hashagen, P. 1). According to Webster’s dictionary, a computer is electronic that can be programmed so as to store, retrieve, and process data (Zeruzzi, p. 351).

illustrated history of computers
The Picture Shows Operations Back When People Were Regarded As Computers (An Illustrated History of Computers, part. 1).

Classification and Development of Computers

Computers can be classified by their technology, their use, how they operated, and the era in which they were in use (Rojas, P.1). According to Rojas (P. 3), we can classify computers into two classes that are the electronic programmed computer and others, which were developed after the electronic stored programmed concept (P.3). Calculators were among the early machines, and an example of this is the Harvard Mark 1 (Zeruzzi, p. 351)

Early man was in need of a way to count and do calculations. Between 1000 BC and 500 BD, He used the Abacus, which had movable beads for calculations (The History of The Computer, Para. 2). A mathematician by the name Charles Babbage proposed that they construct a machine and name it Babbage Difference Engine, which could calculate and print mathematical tables (The History of The Computer, Para. 3).

In 1979 the United States Department of Defense had to honor Ada Byron Lovelace by naming a computer language she had written. She came up with the first computer program improving Babbage’s ideas to make them a reality. Her ideas saw the machine’s capability to produce music and graphs (The History of The Computer, Para. 4).

The old abacus
The Old Abacus

George Boole was a professor of mathematics who wrote an investigation of the laws of thought; he was then recognized to be the founder of computer science (A Brief History of Computers & Networks, Part. 1). A punch card was developed by Herman Hollerith of MIT; it was a machine that used electric power. In 1982, William Burroughs introduced a calculator that could print only that it was a manual machine. He later improved it so as it could use electricity.

A differential analyzer was built by Vannevar Bush of MIT in 1925. It could handle simple calculus only that it was not accurate. The machine was made of gears and shafts. Konrad Zuse was a Germany engineer who built a calculator to do calculations he handled dairy.

Thereafter a programmable calculator was made in 1938 by Zuse. In 1936 at Iowa State campus, John Vincent Atanasoff started developing a digital computer and came up with ABC as the way of solving linear equations (History of Computers, Para. 11).

The Enigma was another machine that the Germans used in computing algorithms in 1937; it was a complex mechanical encoder. In the same year, George Steblitz came up with a model that could solve more complex calculations. The enigma code was broken by the British, who built a colossus mark 1 (History of Computers, Para.13).

In 1943 at Penn state, the development of an electronic numerical integrator and computer began by Mauchly and Presper Eckert of the Moore School. In 1944 Harvard Mark 1 was introduced and then used by the U.S navy. The Harvard 1 used a paper tape as its information storage. IBM came up with a 701 computer, which became the first commercially successful computer.

They developed languages like FORTRAN, LISP, and COBOL that were used with the computer. In 1958 a transistor powered computer was introduced by a team headed by Seymour Cray. This was the year the integrated circuits were as well developed by Kilby and Noyce. At this time, computers used integrated circuits instead of the transistors (A Brief History of Computers & Networks, Part 2).

The IBM 701 computer
The IBM 701 computer

These first computers were room-sized and were considered to be quite powerful. Once again, IBM introduced system 360, which was designed for business purposes. The system was then used to demonstrate the very first wide-area network TSS (Time Share System).

The first microcomputer was used to manage telephone lines. This major development was a joint MIT and Bell design of greatly defined networks featuring shared resources. Through this development, Bell was not happy with MIT and parted ways, and thereafter he came up with UNIX an operating system. After UNIX, there came APANet, and consequently, Alan Keys designed the Apple operating system. This is the era in which he proposed the design of personal computers.

A group of technicians seemed not to be happy with all these developments; they planned to form a company and named it Intel in 1969 (A Brief History of Computers & Networks, Part. 2). A pocket calculator was introduced by Texas instruments. Xerox introduced the mouse and proposals than were brought forward to develop the local area network.

The first personal computer was marketed in kit form with 256 bytes of memory. The machine used a BASIC compiler that was developed by Bill Gates and other technicians. Apple followed the trend and went on to advertise also on personal computers in the same kit form. The computers comprised of a monitor and keyboard.

A few years passed, and the personal computer took its center stage to the American scene where many computer companies were formed. Many of these companies did not survive for a long time; they vanished. By 1977 there were stores selling personal computers, and some of them exist today.

Companies are now reducing the size of the personal computer while the performance of the machines is being improved. There is also an effort to reduce their prices to make them affordable and maximize their sales. After a failed attempt, IBM once again introduced a personal computer in 1981, which was successful. (A Brief History of Computers & Networks, Part 2).

IBM personal computer
IBM Personal Computer

Conclusion

The reducing size and price of computers have made it a universal component that has made big changes in human lives than any other development. Although it is difficult to tell which computer was the first to be developed, this paper tries to shows their history. Thus it is very important to know who, why, and where these developments started (Rojas & Hashagen, P13).

Works Cited

A Brief History of Computers and Networks. Web.

An Illustrated History of Computers Part 1.

Ceruzzi E. A History of Modern Computing 2nd edition. MIT Press, Cambridge MA. 2003.

History of computers. 

IBM 701, Layout for a 701 Installation.

IBM Personal Computer.

Null, Lobur. The essentials of Computer Organization & Architecture. Jones & Bartlet, Sudburn MA. 2006.

Rojas, Hashagen. The First Computers: History and Architectures. MIT Press, Cambridge. 2002.

The History of The Computer.

The Bluest Eye By Toni Morrison

Introduction

The bluest eye is a mind-blowing novel written in 1970 by Toni Morrison, an American author. The issues of incest, racism, and child molestation are discussed in the book, and it focuses on the life of Pecola Breedlove.

Pecola Breedlove was an 11 years old African American girl in Ohio who went through turbulent times growing up. Her parents always fought for each other. Pecola was often told, she was ugly as a black girl.

Pecola was always faced with problems of maltreatment and hardship; thus, she believed it was her skin color and dark eyes that were responsible. She thought if she had white skin and blue eyes, her world would be different, and people would respect and love her (Morrison 39).

The essay is focused on explaining how a particular character’s mind is pulled in conflicting directions by two compelling forces and how these forces contribute to the meaning of the whole work. These forces will also be identified. It is hoped that in the end, the whole work will be clear for easy comprehension.

A character whose mind is pulled in conflicting directions by two compelling desires

Pecola Breedlove was from home full of hatred, hardship, and cruelty. Same as her parents, who are growing up, was also difficult.

Cholly Breedlove pecola’s father was a drunk who never knew his father and was rejected by his mother. He was raised by his Great Aunt Jimmy, who died when Cholly was still a boy. Pecola’s mother, Pauline Breedlove, was only concerned about working for a white, rich family, and that meant everything to her. She showed more love for the white family than her own family (Morrison 47).

With little or no love shown to her from her own home and outside her home, also the constant reminder that she was an ugly black girl, eventually pulled pecola’s mind towards believing that if she had white skin and blue eyes, things would change around her. (Alan 76). Furthermore, the favor and respect showed towards Maureen Peal at school also fuelled her desire for blue eyes. Pecola was thwarted at every attempt to find her own identity. In other words, Pecola’s real and true identity as a young black girl was diminished and condemned by the constant harassment she got for being a black girl.

Pecola’s plight to find her true identity as a black girl and simultaneously to wish to be a white girl with blue eyes, in order to stop the cruelty around her world, pulls her mind in conflicting directions and eventually leads her to insanity.

Two conflicting forces and how they contribute to the meaning of the whole work

The whole story is about pressured into something people, or somebody has little or no control over. Pecola’s race, gender, ignorance, and poverty are things she could never have been able to change. But the consistent maltreatment she got from her home where her parents always fought, she was raped twice by her father, and that lack of love led to her greatest desire of being a white girl with blue eyes. (Bernard 66).

The Mac Teer’s housed pecola since her house was burnt down, and their children, Claudia and Frieda Mac Teer, became the only friends Pecola ever had. She was not shown love by anybody, and it was even more amazing when Mr. Yacobowoski, a 52 years old white immigrant who was a grocery storekeeper, also took notice of an 11 years old African American girl (Alan 90).

This social insecurity and imbalance made Pecola lose her self esteem and never stood to defend her self even to the black boys who shared the same characteristics with her but always brought up the issue of her supposed ugliness.

Conclusion

Claudia and Frieda Mac Teer, unlike Pecola, had parental love. That parental love, gave them emotional security and confidence always to defend themselves, whenever the need arose. Also, Claudia, the narrator, was able to find her identity as a black girl in a white community due to the emotional security she got as a result of the parental love shown her in her home (Gordon 76).

In other words, Pecola’s life was full of cruelty and hardships beginning from her home, in her school, and in her society. She could not have been able to do anything to change her identity as a black girl. But the lack of parental love and abuse by her father took every hope of been loved and also took her confidence too.

That pushed poor Pecola to strive harder and harder for blue eyes, which she thought was the only way out of her misery. Rather at the end, she eventually lost sanity at a point where she thought she realized her dream and wished for blue eyes (Collins 102).

Works Cited

Alan, Trevor. History of blacks, Road to civilization: New York: Roxford Books 1991. Print.

Bernard, Alastair. Ohio A Disputed Legacy 1970-1998. Cambridge: Harvard University press, 2006. Print.

Collins, Peter. A History Littered with Hatred of Blacks. Cambridge: Harvard University press, 2003. Print.

Gordon, Charles. Unlawful Path to Civilization. 1975-1995. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 2002. Print.

Morrison, Toni The Bluest Eye. UK Vintage. 1999. Print.

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