Essay About Yayoi Kusama Sample Paper

It is impossible to overestimate the importance of Yayoi Kusama, the avant-garde artist and writer, to the development of modern art. Kusama, born in Japan in 1929, has spent the better part of a century producing works that question accepted conventions of behaviour. Her work has a lot of repetition and emphasis on colour and pattern. She has created jobs in various mediums, including installations, paintings, sculptures, and performances, that address weighty subjects like sexuality, mental illness, and the human condition. Kusama’s work has significantly impacted the art world, serving as an inspiration and an influence on many contemporary artists. The “Infinity Rooms” she has created are among her most recognizable pieces; they are elaborate installations that use mirrors and lights to give the impression of boundless interiors. Guests typically leave these spaces feeling overwhelmed with emotion and inspiration, as was the intended effect. The significance of Kusama lies in the details of her existence. Forging ahead into her 90s despite a lifetime of hardships—including mental illness, poverty, and sexism—is an inspiration. She has produced groundbreaking and profound art because she is committed to her craft and will not settle for mediocrity. The influence of Kusama is not limited to the realm of art. She has inspired many since she has shown what can be accomplished when one rejects conformity in favour of forging one’s way. Those exposed to her work report feeling profound changes in themselves.

The works of Yayoi Kusama are a riot of colour, pattern, and mechanical repetition. She has worked in various mediums, including painting, sculpture, installation, and performance, exploring new territories in their respective art forms. The “Infinity Rooms,” in which mirrors and lighting give the impression of boundless space, are among her most well-known creations. Visitors can enter a world of infinite depth and breadth in the Infinity Rooms. Each room has a distinct personality thanks to its unique design and palette. Visitors will find themselves engulfed in a sea of bright red polka dots in one chamber and encircled by glimmering golden spheres in another (Tate, 2022). The potential of Kusama’s Infinity Rooms to inspire amazement and wonder is one of their most outstanding features. It is both intimidating and exhilarating because the mirrors and lights make it seem like the room has no end. Visitors frequently spend hours in these spaces, photographing every detail and checking out every corner and crevice. However, the Infinity Rooms constitute only a small part of Kusama’s oeuvre. She has written many works in other mediums that deal with difficult subjects like sexuality, mental illness, and the human condition. Her art is characterized by the use of bright colours and patterns and the recurrent appearance of recurring motifs. Kusama uses repetition as a creative device and a method for investigating the world around her. Her own words: “Repetition has meaning for me.” I become both the person who repeats and is reiterated.” Kusama can create a sense of continuity and unity in her work, despite exploring a wide variety of themes and concepts, by replicating certain patterns and images.

The ability of Kusama’s work to cross cultural lines is one of its most striking features. Her work has garnered attention from the contemporary art community and the wider culture (Tate, 2022). More people have seen her work through partnerships with high-profile fashion houses like Louis Vuitton and guest spots on “The Simpsons.” However, Kusama’s influence extends beyond her artwork. Her life is an inspiration because she has overcome so much adversity. She has fought mental illness and sexism throughout her career and has often been overlooked for awards.

Nevertheless, she has kept on making innovative art long into her 90s. Kusama is an inspiration to many for her commitment to her craft and her refusal to comply. Her writing forces us to examine our assumptions and adopt a fresh perspective. Those who have been exposed to her work describe it as life-altering and say it profoundly affects them.

In conclusion, Yayoi Kusama’s artwork exemplifies art’s transformative and motivational potential. She has produced a stunning body of work using colour, pattern, and repetition. From the enveloping Infinity Rooms to arresting paintings and sculptures, Kusama’s artwork forces us to rethink our perspectives on the world. Kusama’s influence, however, extends far beyond the realm of her artistic output. Everyone who comes into contact with her work is inspired by her life narrative and commitment to her art. She broke new ground in modern art by rejecting safe artistic conventions and embracing innovative approaches. Kusama’s art serves as a reminder that there is beauty and purpose in repetition and pattern, even in a society that places a premium on uniformity. Her work will be revered and admired by future generations of creative minds.


Tate. (2022). Yayoi Kusama | Tate Modern. Tate.

Anti-Poverty Policies: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Sample College Essay


Poverty is a constant problem worldwide, with millions living below the poverty line. Nations worldwide have enforced eclectic anti-poverty policies to lower poverty levels, yet these policies have only occasionally been prosperous. This essay will explore why anti-poverty policies have failed to lower poverty, research a government program to lower poverty and inequality, and suggest changes to the policy to make it more adequate in lowering poverty.

Causes of Failure of Anti-Poverty Policies

Anti-poverty policies are agendas and initiatives handling the root rationales of poverty and societal imbalance. Nevertheless, despite the enactment of various anti-poverty policies, poverty continues. One explanation is that poverty is a multifaceted problem that cannot be unraveled with a single policy (Reinert, 2019). For example, poverty can be driven by unemployment, underemployment, low wages, high cost of living, lack of education, lack of healthcare, and others. Policies that best handle one element of poverty will not successfully lessen poverty. Thus, anti-poverty policies must be exhaustive and manage the various causes of poverty.

The second reason anti-poverty policies have yet to be triumphant is enactment issues. Policies can be well-meaning but will not achieve their planned goals (Reinert, 2019). Undertaking problems include poor targeting, lack of political will, insufficient funding, and poor administration. These issues can hinder the efficacy of anti-poverty policies.

Moreover, anti-poverty policies frequently fail to handle the underlying causes of poverty. For example, some policies concentrate on delivering financial assistance to people or households without handling the root causes of poverty, such as a lack of education or employment prospects (Bardach & Patashnik, 2019). This can eternalize poverty in the long run.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

One example of a government program that sought to lower poverty and imbalance is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in the United States, previously known as food stamps. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) aids the program. SNAP delivers qualified people with funds to buy food items. The program aims to guarantee that low-income individuals have the key to sufficient nutrition. Household income, assets, and other aspects define eligibility for SNAP.

How it Works

The SNAP program delivers monetary aid to low-income individuals and households to buy food. Individuals’ assistance relies on their income, household size, and other elements. Participants are issued an Electronic Benefits Transfer (EBT) card, like a debit card, which they can utilize to buy suitable food items at official retailers (Gundersen, 2021). Eligibility for the program is established on income and other aspects, such as household size and expenditures. In 2020, around 35 million individuals acquired SNAP help, with a moderate monthly benefit of $121 per person. The program aims to ensure that all Americans have access to a healthy diet and lower hunger and malnutrition among low-income people and households.

Issues with SNAP

One of the main problems with SNAP is the stigma associated with acquiring benefits. Some individuals view SNAP beneficiaries as lazy or undeserving, resulting in unfavorable stereotypes and prejudice (Nestle, 2019). This stigma can stop individuals from applying for SNAP or make them feel embarrassed when using their benefits, contributing to a cycle of poverty and food insecurity.

Another area for advancement with SNAP is the sophistication of the program’s eligibility prerequisites and application procedure. The rules for deciding eligibility can be incoherent and differ by state, making it challenging to decide if they qualify for benefits. The application process can also be time-consuming and involve much paperwork, discouraging some individuals from applying.

SNAP advantages are also rather low, making it hard for recipients to afford enough food. In 2020, the moderate monthly benefit was $121 per individual, too little to cover the expense of a nutritious diet (Gundersen, 2021). This can lead to food insecurity and poor health outcomes, particularly for children.

In addition, SNAP benefits only supplement a household’s food budget and provide some of their food needs (Nestle, 2019). This means that recipients may still struggle to afford other necessities, such as housing, healthcare, and transportation, which can contribute to poverty and imbalance.

Recommendations for Improving SNAP

To manage these problems and make SNAP more practical in lowering poverty and imbalance, various changes could be made to the program:

  1. Expand SNAP benefits: Raising the number of SNAP benefits would help recipients afford a more nutritious diet and lower food insecurity (Bardach & Patashnik, 2019). The benefits could be based on the cost of a healthy diet in a particular area.
  2. Simplify the eligibility requirements and application process: Streamlining the eligibility requirements and the application process could make it easier for people to apply for and receive benefits. This could include creating a single set of national eligibility rules and simplifying the application process.
  3. Decrease stigma: Efforts could be made to reduce the stigma associated with receiving SNAP benefits. This could include public education campaigns emphasizing the program’s importance and positive impact on recipients and communities.
  4. Raise eligibility: Expanding eligibility for SNAP could help more low-income individuals and families access food assistance. This could include raising the income eligibility threshold or expanding eligibility to certain groups, such as college learners and illegal immigrants.
  5. Additional support services: Additional support services, such as job training and healthcare, could assist recipients in moving out of poverty and become self-sufficient. These services could be modified with SNAP to deliver a more comprehensive approach to handling poverty and inequality.
  6. Raising outreach efforts could help more eligible individuals and families learn about and apply for SNAP benefits. This could include partnering with community institutions and using targeted advertising to reach those who may need to be aware of the program.


Bardach, E., & Patashnik, E. M. (2019). A practical guide for policy analysis: The eightfold path to more effective problem solving. CQ press.

Gundersen, C. (2021). A proposal to reconstruct the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) into a universal basic income program for food. Food Policy101, 102096.

Nestle, M. (2019). The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): history, politics, and public health implications. American journal of public health109(12), 1631–1635.

Reinert, E. S. (2019). How rich countries got rich… and why poor countries stay poor. Hachette UK.

Coca-Cola’s Approach To Sustainability Essay Example For College


In recent years, sustainability has become increasingly important in the business world. Companies are now realizing their operations’ impact on the environment and society and are taking steps to reduce their adverse effects. Coca-Cola, one of the world’s largest beverage companies, has taken up the mantle of sustainability. With operations in over 200 countries, Coca-Cola’s actions significantly impact the world. However, in recent years, the company has faced increasing scrutiny regarding its environmental impact and sustainability practices. As a result, Coca-Cola has implemented several initiatives to address these concerns and improve its sustainability practices. This analysis will examine Coca-Cola’s sustainability practices in-depth, looking at the various industries and actions the company has taken to reduce its environmental impact, promote social responsibility, and create value for its stakeholders. The paper will start by providing a PESTEL analysis of the company’s sustainability practices, including its efforts to conserve water resources and promote sustainable packaging practices. Furthermore, the paper will examine the effectiveness of these practices and evaluate their impact on the environment, society, and the company itself.

Case Synopsis

The cases all revolve around the issue of plastic waste and the efforts made by Coca-Cola and other stakeholders to promote recycling and a circular economy. Coca-Cola partnered with Planet Ark to promote National Recycling Week and to educate Australians on the importance of recycling, investing in recycled plastic, and supporting cost-effective container deposit schemes across the country (Coca-Cola Australia, 2023). Additionally, Coca-Cola is focused on container deposit schemes, explaining what they are and how they work and highlighting their benefits for recycling and reducing new plastic in Australia (Coca-Cola Australia, 2023). Another sustainable practice emphasizes how Coca-Cola bottles and cans are recyclable and the need for responsible recycling practices to tackle the sustainability challenges of single-use plastic.

Issues Discussion (PESTEL)

Coca-Cola is one of the largest beverage companies in the world, producing a wide range of soft drinks, juices, and water. As a company, Coca-Cola has committed to sustainability, recognizing that its operations impact the environment, society, and the economy. Coca-Cola has implemented various sustainability practices to address these impacts, which can be analyzed using a PESTEL framework.

Political Factors: The political environment significantly influences Coca-Cola’s sustainability practices. Governments worldwide are implementing policies to reduce carbon emissions and promote sustainable practices (Chua et al., 2020 p. 46). Coca-Cola is responding to this pressure by partnering with Planet Ark and supporting container deposit schemes to reduce plastic waste.

Economic Factors: The company recognizes that sustainability can have financial benefits, such as reducing costs and increasing efficiency. For example, Coca-Cola is investing in recycled plastic and PET recycling facilities, demonstrating a commitment to a circular economy and reducing waste (Corkery, 2019 p. 4). By supporting container deposit schemes, Coca-Cola is also contributing to creating clean waste streams and reducing the economic cost of waste management by using recycled materials in its packaging. Coca-Cola is reducing its reliance on virgin materials and decreasing costs.

Social Factors: Coca-Cola is aware that its operations can significantly impact society. To address these impacts, the company has implemented various social sustainability practices. Coca-Cola’s sustainability practices, such as partnering with Planet Ark to combat plastic waste and supporting container deposit schemes, align with the sociocultural trend toward environmental sustainability by committing to using less new plastic and working towards a world without waste. Coca-Cola is aligning with societal values around sustainability and environmental responsibility.

Technological Factors: The company continuously explores new technologies and innovations to improve its operations’ sustainability. Developing recycling technologies and facilities makes recycling materials more straightforward and efficient. Coca-Cola is investing in these technologies by supporting PET recycling facilities. Coca-Cola is also using technology to label its products with the familiar “Mobius loop” symbol to indicate whether or not they can be recycled (Muliahela, 2014 p. 10). Moreover, the development of PET recycling technology allows Coca-Cola to increase its capacity to recycle plastic bottles.

Environmental Factors: Coca-Cola addresses plastic waste and its environmental impact by supporting container deposit schemes and investing in recycled plastic and PET recycling facilities. By committing to collecting and recycling the equivalent of a bottle or can for each one it sells by 2030, Coca-Cola is committed to reducing waste and mitigating its environmental impact. The company has also implemented sustainable sourcing practices to reduce deforestation and promote biodiversity. Coca-Cola has shown its commitment to sustainability through various environmental initiatives, such as its partnership with the Australian government on Project Catalyst. This partnership aims to reduce agricultural runoff into the Great Barrier Reef (Hamman et al., 2015).

Legal Factors: Governments worldwide are implementing laws and regulations to promote sustainability and protect the environment. Coca-Cola is subject to these environmental regulations and legal requirements for waste management, product labelling, and safety. The company adheres to industry-specific sustainability standards and certifications such as LEED and FSC. Laws and regulations regulate container deposit schemes, which Coca-Cola complies with. By supporting cost-effective, well-run strategies, Coca-Cola ensures they meet legal requirements while promoting sustainability practices.


Teaming up with Planet Ark is Good Practice

Coca-Cola recognizes the growing problem of plastic waste and its environmental impact. It reduces its impact by partnering with Planet Ark and committing to a “World Without Waste” vision (Lawal and Moerenhout, 2022 p. 7). Coca-Cola assumes that they are responsible for reducing its environmental impact and that the public expects them to do so. Their worldview is that they are a global company that can significantly impact the environment through their actions. Coca-Cola has to ensure that they are using its resources sustainably and responsibly. Care needs include consideration for the environment and the communities in which they operate. Coca-Cola’s process to achieve its “World Without Waste” vision includes partnering with organizations like Planet Ark, investing in recycling infrastructure, and redesigning its packaging to be more sustainable. The outcome is a reduction in the amount of plastic waste produced by the company and an increase in the amount of recycled material used in their packaging (Lawal and Moerenhout, 2022 p. 7). The consequences of not taking action could include environmental damage and harm to the communities in which they operate. Coca-Cola’s commitment to reducing its impact on the environment demonstrates its character as a responsible corporate citizen. Their willingness to invest in recycling infrastructure and redesign their packaging shows they are committed to long-term sustainability.

Considering all of these factors, it is clear that partnering with Planet Ark and committing to a “World Without Waste” vision is a responsible and ethical decision for Coca-Cola. By reducing their environmental impact, they demonstrate their commitment to being a responsible corporate citizen and contributing to a more sustainable future. The decision to partner with Planet Ark and commit to a “World Without Waste” vision is justified by Coca-Cola’s duty to be a responsible corporate citizen and to use its resources in a sustainable and accountable manner. By reducing its environmental impact, Coca-Cola is demonstrating its commitment to the well-being of the planet and the communities in which they operate.

Producing Single-Use Plastic Bottles Is Poor Practice.

Producing single-use plastic bottles and other packaging is a widespread and longstanding practice in the beverage industry. However, the environmental impacts of single-use plastics, including litter, pollution, and harm to marine wildlife, are well documented and increasingly recognized as a global crisis (Escursell et al., 2021 p. 10). The continued production of single-use plastics is rooted in a linear, extractive economic model prioritizing profit and convenience over environmental and social responsibility (Escursell et al., 2021 p. 10). The assumption is that plastic packaging is necessary for the safe and efficient transport of beverages and that the costs of waste management and ecological damage can be externalized. The process of producing and disposing of single-use plastics has adverse outcomes and consequences that are both immediate and long-term (Kozik, 2020 p. 2). These include greenhouse gas emissions from plastic production, litter and pollution of ecosystems, harm to marine wildlife, and the negative impact on human health and livelihoods. These consequences undermine the long-term sustainability and viability of the beverage industry and contribute to broader environmental and social crises (Kozik, 2020 p. 5). Industry leaders are responsible for acting in the best interests of the environment and society, being courageous in challenging the status quo, and demonstrating integrity by aligning their actions with their stated values and commitments.

The environmental and social impacts of single-use plastics and the alternatives and solutions available reveal that continuing to produce single-use plastics is a poor practice. The costs and consequences of this practice are borne by communities and ecosystems around the world, while the benefits are concentrated in the hands of a few powerful corporations. The beverage industry’s continued production of single-use plastics is unjustifiable from an ethical, environmental, and social perspective. As such, the industry must take urgent action to transition to sustainable and circular production models that prioritize waste reduction, reuse, and recycling and ensure equitable benefits and costs. Only by taking bold and transformative action can the industry fulfill its responsibilities to the environment, society, and future generations.


Coca-Cola can shift from single-use plastic bottles to reusable packaging, such as glass or aluminium bottles, which can be washed and refilled multiple times. This would significantly reduce the amount of plastic waste generated and address the concerns of stakeholders, including environmentalists and consumers, who increasingly demand sustainable products. This recommendation aligns with Sustainable Development Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production, which aims to reduce waste generation and promote sustainable consumption patterns. It also demonstrates ethical considerations for the environment and future generations.

Moreover, Coca-Cola can increase its investment in sustainable packaging innovation to develop alternatives to single-use plastic, such as biodegradable or compostable packaging. This would address environmental concerns and provide a competitive advantage as consumers increasingly prefer sustainable products. This recommendation aligns with Sustainable Development Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure, which aims to promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation. It also demonstrates ethical considerations for the environment and the community by proactively seeking innovative solutions to reduce waste and pollution. Both recommendations would involve collaboration with stakeholders, including suppliers, consumers, and governments, to ensure the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed solutions. Coca-Cola must also communicate its efforts transparently to stakeholders to build trust and demonstrate its commitment to sustainability.


How can individuals and businesses work together to create a more sustainable future, and what role can technology play?


Coca-Cola’s approach to sustainability is multifaceted and includes a range of initiatives to reduce the company’s environmental footprint, promote ethical practices, and engage with stakeholders to achieve common goals. While the company has made progress in certain areas, such as water stewardship and waste reduction, there are still challenges and areas for improvement, such as using single-use plastic packaging (Walsh and Dowding, 2012). Coca-Cola’s commitment to sustainability is essential for the company’s success and the planet’s and its people’s well-being. The company must continue to innovate and collaborate with stakeholders to ensure that its operations align with sustainability, ethics, and social responsibility values and contribute to achieving Sustainable Development Goals.

Reference list 

‌Chua, J.Y., Kee, D.M.H., Alhamlan, H.A., Lim, P.Y., Lim, Q.Y., Lim, X.Y. and Singh, N., 2020. Challenges and solutions: A case study of Coca-Cola company. Journal of the Community Development in Asia (JCDA), 3(2), pp.43-54.*1a8sh53*_ga*MTU5NjczNDUxNi4xNjc5OTE1MDg0*_ga_H7P4ZT52H5*MTY3OTkxNTA4NC4xLjAuMTY3OTkxNTA4NC4wLjAuMA..

Coca-Cola Australia. Responsible Business | Coca-Cola Australia. (2023).

Corkery, M., 2019. Beverage companies embrace recycling, until it costs them. New York Times, 5.

Escursell, S., Llorach-Massana, P. and Roncero, M.B., 2021. Sustainability in e-commerce packaging: A review. Journal of cleaner production, 280, p.124314. Sustainability in e-commerce packaging: A review – ScienceDirect

Hamman, E., Woolaston, K., Koroglu, R., Johnson, H. and Lewis, B., 2015. Managing the impacts of sugarcane farming on the Great Barrier Reef: An evaluation of the implementation of the Polluter Pays Principle.

Kozik, N., 2020. Sustainable packaging as a tool for global sustainable development. In SHS web of conferences (Vol. 74, p. 04012). EDP Sciences.

Lawal, A. and Moerenhout, T., 2022. Coca-Cola and the Environment.

Muliahela, B., 2014. Roles of information provision on bottled mineral water and beverages in environmental management in Kinondoni municipality (Doctoral dissertation, Sokoine University of Agriculture).

Walsh, H. and Dowding, T.J., 2012. Sustainability and The Coca-Cola Company: The Global Water Crisis and Coca-Cola’s Business Case for Water Stewardship. International Journal of Business Insights & Transformation, 4.