The terminally ill ultimately view death as a blessing. A good death seems to be suitable at a certain place and time. Death being a blessing is the one that is free from preventable suffering and distress for the infirm, caregivers, and families. It is typically per families’ and patients’ wishes and is reasonably reliable with the cultural, clinical, and ethical standards. Good dying, referred to as a blessing, has four themes, dying while sleeping, death as pain-free, peaceful death, and dying swiftly (Leming & Dickinson,2020). Death as a blessing is identified from the perspective of the infirm, health care workers, and households. Death as a blessing is a relief from suffering and pain, being conscious of dying, compliant timing of a person’s death, recognition, and autonomy, preparation of the departure, having hope alive, and deciding when to die.
The components of the meaning of dying are time, space, norm, role, value self, and situation. In terms of time, death is the moment at which life ends. Determination of when death has happened is hard, as termination of life functions is always not concurrent throughout organ structure. Such fortitude, thus, needs concluding precise theoretical borders between life and death. For the space meanings, it comprises of isolation and confinement. When the infirm are in their terminal condition, they will ultimately be aware of it. There are factors that social space gives the infirm signs that the situation is terminal (Leming & Dickinson,2020).
In the health facility where the patient is receiving the treatment, there are compartments, and when they are shifted from the intensive care unit or the oncology ward, it becomes clear that all is not well and death and life termination are probable. For norm and role meanings of death, norms are defined as the act or anticipated behavior series felt to be suitable for a certain condition. On the other hand, roles are schedules of deeds or anticipated behavior series postulating what can be done by individuals who occupy specific social positions. Regarding the death-associated behavior of a vanishing infirm, the norm entails the typical anticipation that the vanishing infirm should be courageous and accept that the lifecycle will soon terminate (Jones-Eversley & Rice, 2020). The sick person is not thought to wail or become speaking regarding the spirits on their death. As for the role and meaning of death, it specifies, in a comprehensive fashion, what actions are expected of individuals who take particular social ranks. For example, if a husband and father who is the breadwinner in the household are dying, it is anticipated that he will do what it takes that he can go before death to provide for the monetary basics of his family.
Appropriate death is described as the type of death an individual might select for themselves if given a chance. Appropriate death is classified on age at the moment of death, cause of the vanish, place of death, and means of burial of their bodies.
Alternative medical treatment is the unverified or refuted method utilized as an alternative to standard medical cures to prevent, identify, or treat (Eyetsemitan,2021). These treatments are not deeply verified in clinical trials.
Advantages of Alternative Medical
There are numerous advantages of alternative medication. One, the use of alternative medicine helps one to feel better and cope with the treatment. The feeling of how the patient feels is a sector of how they cope. Most complementary therapists are concerned with relaxation and decreasing patient stress. They can assist in calming the patient’s emotions and relieving anxiety. Two, the alternative medication reduces both the signs and side impacts, as the caregivers help control some of the symptoms and the treatment side effects. Additionally, alternative treatment helps a patient to feel more in control. At times, it can feel as though the caregiver makes numerous decisions on their treatment, which can make the patient feel like they do not have much control over what occurs to them.
Disadvantages of Alternative Medical
There is limited scientific research and examination, which makes many individuals doubt the reliability of this treatment medication. The method can work for some people and not for others. Two, it is a longer-term treatment compared to traditional medication that is easy and quick. The alternative treatment takes a long period since it entails natural products and the way they associate with healing the patient’s body, and it comprises healing the sickness at its root (Eyetsemitan,2021). They as well need to have a critical role in the treatment procedure. Another disadvantage of alternative medicine is that it is helpful in emergency circumstances compared to a traditional treatment designed to operate quickly. Therefore, in cases of emergency circumstances, traditional treatment is the best.
If I were terminally ill, I would not consider entering a hospice. Being terminally ill can result in instant death and leaving cost, family burden, and imminent death. In terms of the cost, the treatment expense is more expensive. Treatment costs and expenses are vital in assessing hospice cost efficiency (Srinivasan, 2019). The cost includes medication costs, diagnostic costs, costs per hospice bed daily, and caregiver time.
Next, I would not consider being admitted to a hospice, which will automatically translate into a family burden. The illness requires hospice, which means that it requires the family and relatives to provide care for me. The emotional clang that my illness will have on the family is part of the burden. Moreover, any caregiving accountabilities and revenue, interpersonal, and private basics are termed the family burden sector.
Again, I would not prefer to be hospitalized because of the imminent death. Since imminent death means I can die anytime, being hospitalized would not change my health. I prefer to die in my home residence instead of a health facility. At this point, I will be exhibiting numerous signs and symptoms that indicate death is approaching.
Utilitarianism and Health Care
Utilitarianism is a moral philosophy that emphasizes the balance of positive and harmful impacts of healthcare experts’ deeds. All acts are measured on the fundamentals of consequences, not based on important moral laws and principles or else concerning character features. The act of utilitarianism handles decisions assumed for each person’s case studying the benefits and negatives enhancing real better consequences. In the United States, utilitarianism is intuitive. The credibility of utilitarianism in social policy situations is distracted by unrealistic, hypothetical reasoning. The theory rejects the whole idea of trading off costs and welfare, which is important in terms of intelligence on social-policy decisions (Leming & Dickinson,2020). The Affordable Care Act, or raising the least salary, addresses the current danger or challenges with the status quo, like individuals not being able to access health insurance coverage because of pre-existing situations or still living under the poverty line notwithstanding working full-time employment.
The utilitarianism policy would not be desirable for the dying patient. That is because the policy does to consider the account of justice. Utilitarianism has the largest weakness of justice. A moral objection to the theory policy is that it requires social workers and health givers to violate the standards of justice. From a perspective, utilitarianism argues that it is similar to wrong to commit murder, and therefore the social workers should develop solid feature dispositions and social norms and beliefs against murder. The utilitarianism policy on health and social fact does not permit a reliable quantified procedure. Additionally, all ethical structures restricting consequentialism are minimized by the capacity to guess the forthcoming impacts of the current actions.
The utilitarianism policy on the health policy in the United States is a common perspective of making ethical decisions, particularly with significances that affect diverse groups of individuals, in the sector as it instructs the social workers to measure the various sums of good and negative that will result because of their action and deeds (Leming & Dickinson,2020). The act of utilitarianism obligates the human being to violate an individual’s rights and commit thoughtful injustices. As the deed utilitarianism enhances the entire utility, it requires the beings to sacrifice the health of a person or a minority so that the majority will benefit.
Euthanasia also referred to as mercy killing, is the practice or action of painlessly putting a person into death suffering from incurable and painful infections or debilitating physical illness. It also means permitting the individual to avoid withholding cure and treatment or even retreating to artificial life-support measures and actions (Srinivasan, 2019). Since there is no particular provision for mercy killing in most legal structures, it is either suicide or murder. However, physicians lawfully decide not to prolong the life in situations of great suffering, and they can administer medications to release pain if that shortens the infirm life.
Active and Passive Euthanasia
Active euthanasia happens when the medical experts or other individuals intentionally do something that makes the infirm die. In other words, it means killing a sick person through active methods, like the injection of an infirm with a deadly dose of a medicine.
Passive euthanasia happens when the infirm die due to the medical experts either not performing something essential to keep the patient alive or stopping performing something that keeps the patient alive, such as switching off the life-supporting machine or disconnecting a feeding tube. Simply, it means deliberately letting an infirm die by withholding simulated life support.
Quality and Sanctity of Life and Euthanasia
The quality of life is related to the patient’s situation and the expedition for great life goals. The actual quality of being life stems from the aptitude for stewardship, which enjoins a boldness of humble recognition of beneficial or even emancipating suffering. The appropriate response to suffering in terminal cases is not active euthanasia or expert-assisted suicide but appropriate pain handling and individual care (Jones-Eversley & Rice, 2020). In circumstances of deep unconsciousness, only the determination of adverse brain death can permit the withdrawal of both hydration and food. Hitherto, artificial treatment of biological existence is depraved. Death is to be accepted and embraced as a change to the eternal lifecycle.
Euthanasia deteriorates the community’s respect for the sanctity of life. Allowing euthanasia accepts that individual lives, particularly the sick ones, are worth less than the rest. Voluntary euthanasia is the onset of a slippery gradient that results in unintentional mercy killing and the murdering of individuals who are assumed to be unattractive. Mercy killing might not be in an individual’s best interests and wishes, and it affects other individuals’ rights and privileges, not just the sick ones.
Society and Euthanasia
There are mortals and considerations of reaching out for information and deciding to prolong life care preferences. The unsuccessful and costly cure and treatment of end-of-life circumstances are recently increasing the unaffordable expense of healthcare and promoting inequitable healthcare (Spinozzi, 2022). The ethical value of infirm independence and surrogate independence ought to be respected but measured against the utilization of costly treatment and cure in futile situation conditions with the existing rise in healthcare expenses. Therefore, in unsuccessful treatments, patients and families can ethically deliberate the option for comfort treatment. Healthcare limiting end-of-life care in unsuccessful circumstances can only be considered as utmost good for the community but has to be measured alongside the patient independence.
Legal and Ethical Euthanasia
According to the virtue theory of ethics, both the patient relative and the doctor are to determine the meaning of life. The doctors have to weigh the condition and offer the correct cure prognosis so that the patient’s relatives can make an independent choice of cure preferences (Spinozzi, 2022). In most cases, the physicians offer information in situations of ineffective treatment to doge undue danger to the infirm. Therefore, both the healthcare givers and the doctors have to consider the infirm preferences and perspectives.
Dramaturgical Approach and Suicide
Suicide is viewed as a theatrical performance whereby suicidal persons develop a dramatic event through the choices that they create for their suicidal actions. They include which method to use, location, dressing, and communications to leave for one another. The picks made can have psychodynamic importance and can, in some situations, give signs of the impending action.
On the other hand, dramatic performances naturally involve a written script, wardrobe, rehearsals, audience, venue, and the real performance. Though dramatic performance always has a documented script and an audience and happens in an auditorium, the elements are unimportant (Srinivasan, 2019). The dramatic performances create meaning via the picking of arrangements and actions. Most dramatic performances need a director, costume designer, choreographer, sound stylish, lighting stylish, and set stylish though one individual can perform these responsibilities.
Social Factors of Suicide
Rational suicide is the well-thought-out decision to vanish by a mentally competent person and is more provocative in circumstances of aged adults. Considering the international aging trends around the globe, suicidal ratios rise with age, whereby suicide in older adults cannot be abandoned. That is because older adults are more fruitful at committing suicide than younger adults. Depression is the most frequent disorder and the most vital risk factor related to late-life suicide. In the older stage, there is a danger of unrecognized and untreated psychiatric sicknesses (Eyetsemitan,2021). The late-life suicides are related to physical sickness, and the aged individuals who have severe sickness may not have psychiatric comorbidity. The physical sickness probably results in suicidal action if it causes functional incapacities frightening the person’s dignity, independence, quality and autonomy and pleasure with life, usefulness, sense of meaning, purpose in life, perceived individual value, and self-esteem.
The mourning rituals vary from one country and ethnicity as individuals often cope with the values and beliefs of their cultural practices to meet their extraordinary circumstances and needs. Therefore, grief reactions in a culture vary from one person to another (Spinozzi, 2022). That is particularly actual in communities composed of individuals from many cultural origins. In some situations, an individual’s experience of grief can be unique to cultural norms and beliefs. Death and dying beliefs vary across the globe and are affected by numerous factors, including religion, culture, community traditions, and personal beliefs.
Religion funeral practices
The aim of funeral rituals differs between religions and depends on place and time. Archaeologically, the objective of most religious funerals is to help the deceased in their rite of passage to the next phase of life; thus, that practice is still a vital aspect for many (Eyetsemitan,2022).
The various religions have different mourning processes. Some religions undergo grieving rites that last long after the funeral ceremony, whereas others choose to end the performances when the funeral is over. The holy texts in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam believe in an afterlife, so God has promised their believers of these faiths life after death. The Buddhists believe in restoration based on the tradition that the Buddha remembered their past lives when they reached clarification.
Buddhists do not have universally set death and funeral practices prescribed. Their ritual depends on the nation they are living. For the British converts to Buddhism, their funerals take the kind of cremation at the public crematorium. They believe that if vultures are fast to come for the deceased body, it indicates that the individual is spiritually advanced and is likely to have a simple passage.
Death and funeral practices vary diversely depending on various denominations across the world. All Christian churches teach that there is life after death, and the deceased is subjected to judgment though little stress is considered to be placed on hell in the latest years.
Islam believes that the deceased’s body resides in the casket until judgment day. The dying individual recites the Shahada of faith and belief as their end utterance when possible. Muslim belief in a physical resurrection. Their funeral and burial ceremony takes place as fast as possible following the death of a person, if possible in 24 hours. The body of the dead is positioned facing Mecca. In particular, ladies are discouraged from appearing at funerals in Islamic nations since their mourning can be extreme.
They believe that the self of the deceased will be reincarnated or else reach moksha. The funeral norms depend on the Vedas. A large percentage of Hindus are cremated except young kids ad Sanyasi. The Hindus use the public crematorium.
They do not have a specific teaching on life after death. They describe God as The God of the living; the moral is awarded a long lifecycle, kids, and prosperity. The Jewish, too, believe in physical resurrection and judgment. They bury the deceased as fast as possible after their death.
Aspects of Funeral Process
The psychological aspect of the funeral process highlight that each culture has some funeral and mourning practice that suggests the ending of life and death and therefore utilize socially sustained behaviors of grief. This practice is tremendously diverse. Like the United States, no state recommends mourning rituals in some nations. Common rituals, in some circumstances, sustain grief perseverance (Smid, 2020). This is the determination on transition, transferring the mourning process away from helping people maintain a link to the dead. It is a recurring and described nature that reduces feelings of stress and impotence, providing scheme and order at times of disorder. The rituals can act as therapeutic elements. The mourning can shift from life to decease, and the social eminence of the dead is shifted from a particular social rank to another.
The sociological aspect of the funeral procedure, like San Francisco-Chinatown’s case, in California located on Stockton Street where there are external marketplaces and individuals and visitors, gets an outlook of groups plying with a car behind with a picture of the dead in the amount on the car. Most of the visitors then use their mobiles to capture pictures and record the captivating event of the Chinese funeral rite. Though, sociological differences can result in conflict. The theological perceptions affect the death practices (Eyetsemitan,2022). For example, some social practice communities are not fascinated by costly burial processes. Aspiration to be unpretentious and untainted offsets wishes to be profligate.
The theological-philosophical aspects of the funeral procedure affect the deceased’s family; the anxiety of the death makes the funeral procedure scary since dialogues are nervy. The relationship between death and the loss of the physical one is actual. The anxiety makes individuals evade death-associated dialogues and thoughts as it is natural that beings’ involvement in metacognition demise thoughts. People become afraid of anxiety related to dying. Escaping preserves fear.
Advance care scheduling comprises learning about the kinds of decisions that can be made, considering those decisions ahead of the time, and then authorizing other people to know, particularly the person’s relatives and the health caregivers, about the individuals’ preferences. The partialities are stored in an advance directive, an authorized document that acts if the person is undermined and cannot speak for themselves, particularly because of illness, despite the age. The advance directives help other people get to know the type of medical care the patient want. It also permits one to express their values and preferences associated with ending life care. It can also be taken as living documentation to regulate the condition changes as of new figures or a modification in a person’s health.
Durable Power and Living Wills
These are types of advance directives (Smid, 2020). A durable power of attorney for health care indicates that one or more individuals decide for a certain individual if they become mentally debilitated. The deed authorizes an individual chosen to talk with caregiver members group, get second views, sign agreements, and decide if they are capable of performing the act. A healthcare power of attorney guarantees that one can give instructions on the individual well-being and care decisions important to the person. The durable power of attorney can also permit a loved one to give the doctors directions to give into or suppress life-supporting cure and treatment if the sick individual is almost dead or permanently in a coma. Minus the advance directive, the loved ones have a limited time of a few months to decide for the sick person; after there, the court will order the guardian is required.
The living will give instructions to the sick person’s medication team if the sick person has not specified a person to decide for them or if there are no people present to perform their wishes. The living will document the end of life attention if the person concerned is declared almost dead or permanently in a coma. The document gives instructions to the medical group of the sick person on care options, though do not name a person to decide on their behalf.
Leming, M. R., & Dickinson, G. E. (2020). Understanding dying, death, and bereavement. Cengage Learning.
Eyetsemitan, F. E. (2021). Death, Dying, and Bereavement Around the World: Theories, Varied Views and Customs. Charles C Thomas Publisher.
Srinivasan, E. G. (2019). Bereavement and the Oregon Death with Dignity Act: How does assisted death impact grief?. Death Studies, 43(10), 647-655.
Smid, G. E. (2020). A framework of meaning attribution following loss. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 11(1), 1776563.
Eyetsemitan, F. E. (2022). Groups: Death, Dying, and Bereavement Experiences. In The Deceased-focused Approach to Grief (pp. 19-37). Springer, Cham.
Spinozzi, P. (2022). Death. In The Palgrave Handbook of Utopian and Dystopian Literatures (pp. 699-710). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
Jones-Eversley, S. D., & Rice, J. (2020). A call for epidemiology and thanatology to address the dying, death, and grief pipeline among Blacks in the United States. Death Studies, 1-8.
Designing An Instrument To Measure And Develop Group Skills And Communication Essay Example
This study aims to design an instrument to measure and develop students’ group and communication skills. The criteria for determining whether or not a device is feasible to include the instrument’s validity, reliability, readability, cost-effectiveness, and fairness. Communication skills are a crucial competency that plays a vital role in determining an individual’s level of organizational success (Musheke & Phiri, 2021). The ability of an employee to generate, transmit, and receive information verbally and nonverbally is an essential factor in determining that individual’s level of productivity. The ability to communicate effectively is connected to other aspects of one’s character, such as courtesy and tolerance. Verbal communication can be interpreted as a speaking ability, which includes the skills of clarifying and suggesting information to an audience.
The quality of communication that exists inside a company is directly related to the overall performance. These qualities include adapting to how a speaker talks, utilizing the appropriate strategy and style, and comprehending the significance of non-verbal indicators. On the other hand, being able to communicate effectively in writing involves writing in a variety of contexts, including emails, text messages, and other forms of written correspondence. A person’s communication skills include their capacity to use various forms of media, which allows them to derive benefits from their interactions with multiple forms of media. The following are some of the abilities that are required: (1) the ability to listen actively, (2) the ability to communicate information effectively, (3) the ability to think on one’s feet quickly, and (4) the ability to negotiate in a way that benefits both parties.
In this investigation, the type of evaluation tool that is thought to effectively reveal information regarding communication skills is to administer a test to the individual concerned. It is anticipated that the instrument will be helpful in the classroom setting and satisfactory to interested parties once it is implemented. In this scenario, the designed instrument is a test instrument based on practical experience. Practices-based tests are sometimes referred to as action tests, and they are designed to expose pupils’ motoric skills. The areas of ability and skill, as well as the capacity to act, are known as motoric domains, and they are those developed in response to a specific teaching moment. In the meantime, psychomotor refers to acquiring knowledge through the development of skills as a direct result of the acquisition of knowledge. The outcomes of psychomotor training are a combination of cognitive learning and affective learning, which is the tendency to act or behave. The learner’s competency in developing self-regulation includes the ability to accomplish an activity. Testing is an evaluation that the teachers carry out to assess how the students have achieved the desired levels of skill competencies (Brown & Abdulnabi, 2017). These skill competencies include naturalization, imitation, articulation, manipulation, and precision (Griffith University, 2022b).
The viability test of the practice-based testing methods of communication skills will be done by sending the established instruments and the evaluation questionnaires to the participants. The questionnaires will gather information about the participants’ communication skills. After that, we inquired of them to render a verdict concerning the caliber of the instrument, in addition to making some recommendations and offering their viewpoints. The clarity of the instrument instruction, the transparency of the communication skills metrics, the language employed, and grammar are all factors that are considered when evaluating the instrument’s readability. The evaluation uses a scale with multiple levels, with a maximum score of 5 possible. The usage of the standard English language and the ability to formulate communicative assertions are the two components that make up the evaluation of the linguistic elements of the document. Assessing your writing skills will entail checking your proficiency with 1) letter form, 2) letter size, and 3) punctuation. Testing the practicality of the instrument is based on the following aspects: (a) viability in the context that the tool is considerably simpler to execute in the tests; (b) in terms of convenience to undertake a work evaluation after carrying out tests; and (c) in the way that the tool is easy to use because they are fitted with instructions. All of these aspects are taken into consideration. The potency of the instrument is evaluated based on the following criteria: (a) the impact of elements that are established with the concept of communication skills; (b) the performance of the instrument metrics in assessing communication skills; (c) the relevance of the test items’ substantive content; and (d) the compliance among test resources and educational tools. Therefore, it is possible to conclude that the communication skills assessment instruments established in this paper, when viewed from the perspectives of system validity, readability, cost-effectiveness, and fairness.
The reliability of the assessment instruments will be investigated by first ascertaining whether or not the content was genuine through the utilization of expert consensus. Elements of an assessment can measure critical goals relevant to the particular topic being evaluated (Griffith University, 2022a). In that case, such items are regarded as having content validity for the instrument.
Brown, G., & Abdulnabi, H. (2017). Evaluating the Quality of Higher Education Instructor-Constructed Multiple-Choice Tests: Impact on Student Grades. Frontiers In Education, 2. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2017.00024
Griffith University. (2022a). Designing Appropriate Measurement Instruments. Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.
Griffith University. (2022b). Designing instruments for performance measurement: Today’s workshop. Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.
Musheke, M., & Phiri, J. (2021). The Effects of Effective Communication on Organizational Performance Based on the Systems Theory. Open Journal Of Business And Management, 09(02), 659-671. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojbm.2021.92034
Development Of Service-Oriented Architecture Free Sample
Currently, because of technological advancement, the world of business has experienced rapid growth of applications and their integration in companies leading to a spike in the alignment of business processes with Information technology. Most companies are being encouraged to adopt enterprise architecture to bridge the gap between business processes and information technology advancements. However, the adoption of technology by businesses not only comes along with benefits but also challenges. Building Block is a package of business functionality that is used to meet business requirements in a company.
During software development, the building blocks provide the project team with the business processes and services. The building block can be referred to as a (Mcleod, 2016.). The difference between an object and a service as a building block is that objects are specified tasks performed by software while the distributed object performs service. The business issues that are solved by the assistance of classes include object identity and transparent communication. Transparent communication is the condition that businesses should have to help achieve authenticity, honesty, and clarity. This solve the issues pertaining to giving feedback to every department of the company. Each company has its goals, and for its smooth running, the identification of the business goals is vital to all the employees (Ibarra-Esquer et al., 2017). The business issues that are solved using services include the application of explicit communication and heterogeneous platforms.
SOA involves the designing of a service. The services are used in the architecture of a company to deliver distinguished requirements in the business infrastructure. On the other hand, Web services are a second, advanced generation among the advanced technology. The web services are described as a transition from static web pages to dynamic web pages. Web services and SOA share a couple of characteristics. First, a service is a key concept of SOA (Niknejad et al., 2020). It was first adopted in business, and then later it becomes useful in information technology. In information technology, the concept of software service was adopted, and software programs perform the service. The software services provide an impact that matters to businesses and people. The next shared characteristic is messaging. SOA has software services that invoke each other directly.
The software services include things such as programming-language function calls. They trigger each other by sending messages through a feature called Web 2.0. Current generations are exposed to various blogs such as YouTube, microblogging, and social networking, where they message each other directly. The last characteristic is message security. SOA offers message security through information integrity and data security. Data security is performed through message encryption, while information integrity is performed through a cryptographic integrity check. Many software services have focused on providing message security because fundamental information security is critical to a company (Niknejad et al., 2020).
In a growing business, the processes are critical because they help improve the business to obtain a competitive advantage. The business processes can either be formal or informal and can affect a variety of business functions. An example of such a business process in auditing to identify the issues that should be addressed. The three main steps in business processes are identifying the need for change, analyzing the current operations, and creating an improvement plan. The first step involves the identification of a company’s need for change. The identification of the need for change helps a business to spot improvement opportunities. Therefore in this step, a business is required to conduct a process audit. The audit helps identify the current issues and potential risks that can affect the business’s performance (Syed Ibrahim et al., 2019). The audit report developed by the auditors helps outline the areas of priority while addressing the improvement opportunities. Taking action on the improvement opportunities helps the business achieve its goals.
The next step is analyzing the current processes, which is critical in developing a procedure. In this step, the business can understand its action and set realistic goals to address the identified issues. During this step, tools such as effect analysis, operational surveys, and process mapping are important. The final step is creating an improvement plan that acts as the strategy for effecting the required change (Syed Ibrahim et al., 2019). In this step, the broken actions are identified and improved to help the business achieve its objectives. The business must have a solution for the improvement of the business included in the improvement plan. The process must include all the stakeholders in the business to ensure that all issues are addressed. The process can be analyzed in the diagram below. The services affect each other directly because the result of each one becomes the input of the other.
The service registry, also known as a database, contains the list of all the services. All the services that clients could use are mentioned and made to be accessible directly to the clients including those from remote places. On report of a service look up request from a client, the request comes into the service database straightly and a request for the service location is sent to the client after the database search. The service provider is responsible for the provision of the services that are mentioned in the registry. These services are registered in the database with their names in such a way that when a client sends a service request, the client receives the names of the services providers who are responsible for the handling of the client service request from the beginning to the end, providing all the client’s requirements.
The most important thing about SOA to a business
Being the first step, client request is the most significant for a business since it is where the client requests for the service of choice. If there was absence of service request, there would be nullification of the role provided by service providers as it is vital for the client requests to be catered for by the service providers. There would also be no need of going through the list of services in the database if there were no client requests. Therefore it is critical to identify the relationships between them for the business process to be a success. In auditing business processes, the analysis of the issues cannot happen before the issues are identified, and the creation of an improvement plan cannot take place before the issues are properly analyzed (Sweeny, 2010). The chronological relationship between the steps in evaluating business processes is essential.
Mcleod, G. M. (2016.). A Business and Solution Building Block Approach to EA … Retrieved November 8, 2020, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/300445882_A_Business_and_Solution_Building_Block_Approach_to_EA_Project_Planning
Sweeny, R. (2010). Achieving Service-Oriented Architecture. Applying an Enterprise Archecture Approach. John Willey & sons, Inc.
Syed Ibrahim, M., Hanif, A., Jamal, F. Q., & Ahsan, A. (2019). Towards successful business process improvement–An extension of change acceleration process model. PloS one, 14(11), e0225669.
Ibarra-Esquer, J. E., González-Navarro, F. F., Flores-Rios, B. L., Burtseva, L., & Astorga-Vargas, M. A. (2017). Tracking the evolution of the internet of things concept across different application domains. Sensors, 17(6), 1379.
Niknejad, N., Ismail, W., Ghani, I., Nazari, B., & Bahari, M. (2020). Understanding Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA): A systematic literature review and directions for further investigation. Information Systems, 91, 101491.