Essay On Diabetes Mellitus Sample Assignment

Diabetes is a metabolic disease that has affected a population of up to 18.2 million people in the US. Diabetes manifestation in the human body happens when the blood sugar levels are beyond optimal for a long period in order To control the disease manifestation in the human body, blood sugar levels can be controlled and managed in various ways, including diet, exercise, insulin injection and medication. Diabetes exists in its three main types based on the factor of age and gender, from which type 1 diabetes primarily affects children and people of young age. There is type II diabetes which is common in a population of 40 years and beyond. The third category is gestational diabetes which affects the female gender during pregnancy.

Diabetes is a group of complex metabolic disorders which result in hyperglycemia. These metabolic disorders vary from person to person based on various factors, including; Overweight issues, hereditary factors, and the pancreas, where the beta cell are located (Jadhav, 2016). Hyperglycemia can cause blurred vision, nerve problems, dry skin effects, kidney issues, and retinopathy. Diet is the major and primary option to control and prevent blood levels from accumulating in our bodies. As diabetes disease depends on blood sugar levels, there is the need to understand the amount and the concentration of sugars in the type’s food intake in terms of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. The major reflection of diet concerns is to regulate the sugars in the bloodstream so the Insulin can manage the sugar levels in your bloodstream. There is no known cure for Diabetes; however, exercise and medication control hyperglycemia conditions.


Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by high blood sugars in the blood. There is possibly two cause of the disease; the can be a situation where the body may fail to use the Insulin optimally, or there might be a case where the body may fail to produce the Insulin. Both cases result in the hyperglycemia condition, therefore the manifestation of Diabetes Mellitus when the condition is prolonged in either of the cases, which at times may occur at the same time, i.e. the body may fail to properly use the Insulin and fail to produce Insulin all at the same time. Extreme effects of the disease may cause blindness, leg amputation, kidney failure and death. Diabetes Mellitus is number three on the list of the leading causes of the rising mortality rates in the United States (Magee, 2014).

Normal anatomy of the body system is affected

Energy is primarily the basic unit of life itself, and the human body manufactures its energy from the absorbed sugars through digestion. The digestion process starts from the moment food gets into the mouth. The food is broken into tiny, permeable sugars that are absorbed into the bloodstream through digestion. The insulin factor controls the admission of these sugars into the bloodstream, which then the cells admit these sugars and break them down to produce energy. When our bodies may fail to use Insulin or produce Insulin into the bloodstream properly, the condition contributes to hyperglycemia; unregulated sugar admission into the cells and sugar concentration in the blood accumulating within a prolonged period results in Diabetes Mellitus disease. A membrane encloses the body cells; the Insulin regulates the membrane in the insulin receptors regarding when to allow the sugars into the cells. When the insulin attachment is successful on the receptor keys, the sugars are absorbed through the cell membrane into the cell, where they are burned to produce energy (Beaser, 2008).

Normal physiological body system affected

A membrane encloses the body cells with insulin receptors. The insulin receptors control and regulate the levels of sugar admission into the bloodstream when the Insulin in the bloodstream successfully attaches to the receptors. In the pancreas, Insulin is produced by the Beta Cells located at the tail of the pancreas. Beta Cells produce and store the Insulin until when the body needs it. Glycogen, a hormone produced in the pancreas, is used to raise the sugar levels and combined with Insulin, they balance the body’s sugars. The pancreas is also home to other various enzymes that help in the process of breaking down the food into smaller absorbable substances during the digestion process. When the body fails to manage the insulin within the pancreas, this results in more absorption of the sugars into the bloodstream and, with time, results in diabetes disease.

  • The eye

The hyperglycemia conditions cause blurred vision from leakage(s) of the fluid into the lens, and the lens adjusts to the changes in vision. When you start the diabetes treatment, the distorted images and blurred vision get better within a few weeks. The disease’s extreme damage to the eye is retinopathy, bleeding of the small vessels of the eye in the retina; this may damage the retina resulting in blindness.

  • Nerves

Prolonged high blood sugar levels have various advanced effects on the nerve system characterized by a painful experience known as neuropathy. The pain is like pins piercing through the skin and feeling like you are on a pair of gloves, and in extreme cases, you cannot feel the hands, legs, or both. Diabetic people may often feel dizziness when sitting or standing up from a lying position.

  • Kidney

The kidney is a very special organ where blood purification is done as waste products and from the bloodstream, and other substances are filtered through the kidney. High blood sugar levels can damage the small kidney filters resulting in kidney failure (Beaser, 2008).

  • Dry Skin

High sugar levels in the bloodstream may cause dehydration, especially when the blood sugars are beyond optimal and there is no proper control. It results in inadequate fluid in the tissues and dry skin. Diabetes may result in a skin condition called Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum, it is a harmless condition where the affected areas of the skin seem to be shiny, and the danger involved is that the skin can burst open in rare cases.

  • Feet

Foot problems are the most common and significant effects of diabetes. When a person with diabetes is overweight, all the load is on the feet and bending can be exhausting for a person with diabetes, as well as having a clear sight on the feet to extend some carefully considered blurred vision characterized by diabetes. Diabetic people are at high risk of getting foot infections which in extreme cases results in amputation (Beaser, 2008).

Mechanism of Diabetes Mellitus

The disease manifestations occur in three types:

  • Type 1 Diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes results from inadequate or production failure of the Insulin in the body. It is most common in children and younger adults as the primary cause of insufficient Insulin in the body may be attributed to the failure of the immune system. The immune system produces antibodies that are harmful or destroy the beta cells affecting the production of Insulin and therefore causing an accumulation of sugars in the blood. Type 1 diabetes is manifested when the condition is not controlled for a prolonged period.

  • Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes, like type 1, results from insufficient insulin in the body, mainly from the secondary factors that affect metabolism. These factors include damaged or inadequate beta cells, overweight, or hereditary factors. It is the most common of the three types of the disease, with almost up to 90% of the diabetic population.

  • Gestational Diabetes.

Pregnant women experience this type of diabetes. It is common during the third pregnancy as the body may fail to produce the amounts of insulin required by the body during pregnancy. Insulin injection should be administered to help with the condition, which can worsen after birth when the condition is persistent for a prolonged period.

Approximately three per cent of the US population has diabetes, with 13 million officially testing positive for the disease among the 18.2 million potentially at risk of hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a chronic condition which most likely catches up with age. Currently, a population of 18.3% among those 60 years and beyond are positive with diabetes mellitus (Jadhav, 2016).

Prevention and Control

  • Diet

The pancreas does not automatically have diabetes and adapts to the type of food you feed. Therefore there is a need for diabetic people to understand the content of the food they should eat according to how they are breakdown and what amounts of sugars they break. Diabetic people under insulin injection prescriptions should observe a manual change in their diet to maintain the normal range of blood sugars.

Carbohydrates contain more sugars than proteins and fats, and therefore, diabetic patients should opt to feed on cereals, lentils and peas as their sources of starch. Cereals provide optimal starch required and regulate the fats absorbed into the blood, thus controlling blood sugar levels. Diabetic people should avoid junk food with loads of sugar (Magee, 2016)r.

Proteins also help in the control of blood sugars. Diabetic people should feed on less fat proteins like lean meat. They contain enzymes that help break down the starch in the bloodstream into sugars. Fats are responsible for transporting these proteins, which break down into calories that help reduce body weight. Fats can be sourced from protein fats like cheese and peanuts (Magee, 2016).

  • Medication

There are only two types of medication with a common objective of boosting insulin levels when the glucose concentration in the bloodstream is at its highest. Some use pills to boost the natural production of Insulin from the beta cells, and some use insulin injections. Patients using Insulin injections should be administered with the cautiousness of time factor. There are different types of Insulin, with particular types having an instant effect and others having a delayed effect. The injection should be in a way that considers the other activities of exercising and feeding (Beaser, 2008).

  • Exercise

Exercises help maintain the sugar levels as cells get to use the available insulin in the body during exercise. Exercise also helps cut body weight, so the level of insulin demand on the body may optimize with the current needed levels, which come with reduced weight.


There is no particular cure for the disease. The only remedy for diabetic people is to observe their dietary behaviours to maintain their blood sugars within the normal range and exercise so the body can use Insulin to avoid sugar accumulation in the bloodstream. Medication is for patients who need to manually control their blood sugars through injection or pills to increase their insulin content when the blood sugar shoots (Beaser, 2008).


Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease that no one would wish to have. It is characterized by a hyperglycemia condition that diabetic people can control through medication, diet and exercise. Self-education on blood sugar management and control is the only remedy for its prevention (Jadhav, 2016).


Beaser, R. S. (2008). The Joslin Guide to Diabetes: A program for managing your treatment. Simon and Schuster.

Jadhav, S. (2016). HOW TO HANDLE DIABETES (JUVENILE) IN CLASSROOM?. International Journal of Research in Informative Science Application & Techniques (IJRISAT)1(2).

Magee, E. (2014). Tell me what to eat if I have diabetes: Nutrition you can live with. Red Wheel/Weiser.

Digital Marketing Strategies Essay Sample For College

About 93% of online customers go through the reviews before making purchases, and around 45% of them shop online and pick up their products in the stores. These statistics have been facilitated by the rise of internet users globally over recent years and hence have mobilized many businesses to opt for digital marketing (Goldfarb & Tucker, 2019). Digital marketing is defined as the internet’s use to develop business brands, products, or services online. It emerged in the early 1990s and became famous as the usage of computers and emails increased between 1994 and 1996. For effective marketing, digital marketers have adopted some strategies, which include search engine optimization (SEO), Affiliate marketing, and social media marketing platforms.

Search engine optimization (SEO) is one of the efficient strategies in the digital marketing world. It involves the use of search engines such as Google for searching products and services uploaded on business websites or blogs. About 53% of online customers research a product or service before making the purchase, and 51% of smartphone users realize the latest products and services through search engines installed on their mobile phones (Marketing Evolution, 2021). SEO has contributed much to digital marketing by providing many customers, more website traffic, return on investment, and a better reputation (Matta et al., 2020). SEO is categorized into three types: on-page SEO, Offpage SEO, and Technical SEO.

Affiliate marketing involves the use of outside people or companies under a signed agreement to offer the promotion of products and services in exchange for commission in every sale made through their efforts. It’s a strategy that aims to reduce costs by outsourcing some promotion burdens. Brands’ reputations are allocated to outside individuals, which means a lot of monitoring and tracking is required to keep the brand safe. Affiliate marketing has proved its effectiveness in bringing potential customers and improving sales. During a survey, 90% of the business enterprises that run affiliate programs declared it was the central part of their digital marketing strategy (Singh, 2018). It has led to the growth of business enterprises and employment creation in affiliates.

Social media marketing enables businesses to reach their targeted customers in myriad ways. The marketing groups can utilize their channels to spread paid ads and sponsored content. In addition, Products and services can also be promoted in a significant way organically to people who follow you and engage with the respective consumers. 78% of the consumers demand the brands to utilize social media platforms to bring them together .lastly, and businesses can use social media platforms to build their brands and establish a unique voice that popularizes them to follow and share (Li et al., 2020). In the modern world, most consumers are dependent on social media to follow trending updates about things they follow online.

Search engine optimization (SEO), Affiliate marketing, and social media marketing platforms are the most effective strategies used by businesses in digital marketing. SEO is most effective as it involves using search engines like Google, which are the wide browsers on the internet. Affiliate marketing involves signed agreements between the promoters and the business about percentages of commissions to be paid after sales are made through their efforts. Social media platforms are also widely used to reach targeted customers, promote the brand, and engage customers. The rise of digital marketing has improved the growth of many businesses globally and created employment for many people. Many companies should opt for digital marketing to enjoy the benefit.


Li, F. Larimo, J., & Leonidou, L. C. (2020). Social media marketing strategy: definition, conceptualization, taxonomy, validation, and future plan. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science49(1), 51–70. Springer.

Marketing Evolution. (2021). What is a Digital Marketing Platform? | Marketing Evolution.

Matta, H., Gupta, R., & Agarwal, S. (2020, June 1). Search Engine Optimization in Digital Marketing: Present Scenario and Future Scope. IEEE Xplore.

Singh, S. (2018). Affiliate Marketing and Customer Satisfaction. Driving Traffic and Customer Activity through Affiliate Marketing.

Digital Media As A Tool For Greater Democracy Sample College Essay

Technology advancements have been prevalent in the 21st century following various innovations that have impacted the governance of nations in one way or another. Generally, the emergence of digital media has been associated with the prevailing technological innovations that tend to address various needs and gaps in society. Generally, the role of digital media in a country’s politics tends to have a varying effect on the nature of democracy hence acting as a more effective tool for democracy. On the other hand, digital media tend to affect the powerful entities through the varying capabilities provided by the digital media and the ability to attend to different areas without having to attend physically. More so, the digital media tends to enhance the reproduction of various forms of inequality through the aspect of power being assigned to a particular group of people at the expense of the other. Arguably, there is a tendency to empower a particular group without considering the needs of another group. Those involved in leadership and enactors tend to have a better position the society through the digital media than the member citizens of a country. In this case, the digital media presents a sense of inequality as a tool to enhance democracy within a nation. Usually, the digital media tend to have various impacts on a nation’s governance through the impact it has on the leaders and the effect created on the entire nation’s perspectives through what is portrayed in the media. Generally, the study wishes to analyze the role of digital media impacts as a tool for enhancing greater democracy. In this case, the digital media tends to relate well through enabling activists, political actors, and the mobilization of political leaders to challenge their opponents. In this case, the overall state democracy will be achieved through ensuring that the leaders follow the constitution fully and raising activists who tend to fight for the rights as portrayed in the constitution.

Generally, digital media can be perceived as a tool for greater democracy with the significant states by ensuring that the citizens and the activists have the power and ability to criticize the government and their immediate leaders because they are acting against civil rights. The fight for democracy in a country may be depicted through the various postings prevalent on social media platforms and their impacts on the leadership of a nation. The Chinese government has been subjected to various aspects of the matter through citizens, activists, and political actors’ posts hence challenging the government to act under the constitution. However, the government has made various efforts to curb the acts of the public by ensuring that the type of content posted on the various platforms does not trigger adverse effects on the governance. In this case, the fact that the community members can fight for civil rights through the provision of digital media tends to enhance the attainment of greater democracy within the member state. According to King Roberts’s reading, 2013 it is clear that a greater sense of democracy is achieved through the digital media and the application of the state critique theory that gives the citizens and the activists a chance to lay out their opinions concerning the state leadership. Generally, Esarey et al., 2011, argue that the role of human expression in social media platforms tends to push the government toward serving democracy. The expression tends to criticize the state policies am leadership while fighting for civil rights within the digital media setting.

Additionally, the digital media has an influence on the greater democracy achievement through the various bloggers and provision for a platform to carry out revolutions towards fighting against authoritarian governance towards achieving public rights. Notably, Iran revolutions merged by the western policymakers tended to fight against authoritarian governance towards achieving democracy within the country. Generally, the role played by the tweeter fight with the U.S. tended to impact the western policymakers towards ensuring the achievement of democracy through the prevalent policies. In this case, the various bloggers on the social media platforms are no longer seen as bloggers but as political and solidarity activists through their impacts on democratic and authoritarian governance. Therefore, the digital media application as a tool of more extraordinary democracy achievement has been associated with the democracy in Iran through the role played by the solidarity bloggers. Therefore, the bloggers portrayed as solidarity activists in the digital media tend to serve in fighting for space in civil rights. However, bloggers are a significant threat to authoritarian governments through the politicization effect created to push for human rights within the digital media setting. Generally, bloggers tend to serve as human rights defenders and journalists, increasing the chances of democracy achievement by ensuring that the authoritarian governance respects the civil rights of the citizens. Therefore, through the digital media serving as a tool for greater democracy, there is a tendency to provide a platform for activists and political actors to exercise their duties and raise efforts towards achieving democracy. Therefore, digital media is an excellent tool for ensuring that civil rights are respected and maintained by the government.

More so, digital media has enabled the recognition of certain cultures within society. Generally, cultural appreciation is key to democracy and the achievement of international peace. The Muslim countries have been hot by lower internet penetration which has been below 20% for a long time. More so, the perception of the general public on LGBTQ culture has had negative impacts on their residence and practices, which tend to have themes isolated from others concerning their beliefs. In this case, the digital media has created a significant impact on the achievement of democracy as the LGBTQ culture has been fully recognized within society. The internet penetration in Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia has relatively increased, covering more than 50% in the 21st century. Therefore, the role of digital media as a tool for greater democracy has enabled the various aspects of society to receive empowerment and respect and change the community members’ perceptions. Cultural appreciation has been vital in fighting civil rights space within the social setting. Mobilizing the prevalent issues within the digital media has led to addressing significant issues towards ensuring that people enjoy their rights with convenience, as portrayed by the constitution, regardless of society’s beliefs.

Additionally, digital media serves as a tool for informing the citizens about the acts of the leadership. Generally, the citizens can assess the duties of their elected leaders towards ensuring that they are followed keenly for the achievement of democracy within the countries. In this case, the digital media serves as a tool for analyzing whether their leaders uphold the oaths of office and carry out the citizens’ wishes. Digital media has been termed an “enemy to the state, power to the people.” Arguably, the digital media in the 21st century has enabled the voices of the lowest citizen to reach o the top seat through the various platforms where the public can express their opinions. The general public of a given country has gained the ability to fight for their rights adequately without fearing for their lives.

Consequently, providing a platform where the citizens can share their expressions and reach mutual understanding within the countries tends to enhance the chances of attaining greater democracy within the countries. More so, the achievement of democracy is based on a collective responsibility between the state officials and the member citizens. Efforts of the citizens to fight for their civil rights tends to push those in power to exercise democracy through the various media platforms that enable the members to respond to acts of the state. Hence the digital media has been perceived as an enemy to the state through the citizens heaving power to fight for democracy and enhance common humanity across cultural differences. Therefore, the member’s citizens are united by the digital meido to fight for their rights and push for democracy.

Arguably, digital media can be visualized as an enabler of democracy through the prevailing political parties having tools to reach large numbers of people to inform them on critical issues concerning policies and elections. Therefore, there is a tendency to ensure that the citizens make responsible and informed choices in matters to do with elections. Democracy is achieved by ensuring that a country has better-educated voters who understand their rights and role in voting. Generally, digital media forms public opinions, provides news, and describes the prevalent events in the country and worldwide. Basically, bloggers and journalists tend to conduct investigations on state affairs and research various issues that affect the public. The state actions that go against the people’s will concerning the exercise of democracy are exposed by bloggers and journalists through digital media. Digital media tends to give power to activists and actors to challenge the state in practicing democracy and engaging in policies that favor the good of the citizens. Therefore, Facebook and tweeter have been used by bloggers and journalists in digital media to challenge the government’s actions by monitoring their practices against the wishes of the citizens who elected the leaders. Bloggers have carried out significant investigative journalism causing the resignation of leaders who fail to exercise democracy in office as elected by the citizens. Therefore, greater democracy achievement is provided by digital media as a tool for enhancing the civil rights and practices of the state.

Notably, in reports in the “case against the democratic influence of the internet on journalism,” it is clear that the blogger’s investigative actions caused the resignation of the U.S. Republican senate majority leader Trent Lott. The resignation followed racially divisive remarks by the senate majority, which the bloggers pushed to reign. Generally, many issues of racial inequalities and remarks tend to affect a particular ethnic group negatively concerning people of color. Generally, democracy cannot be achieved while those in power practice racial discrimination. Therefore, digital media has played a significant tool in greater democracy achievement by ensuring those in power practice desirable behavior by discriminating against a particular group and favoring another group. Resignation is an act of democracy, considering citizens have the potential to carry out revolutions through the media to ensure leaders who fail to comply with the constitution and the wishes of those who elected them are pushed out of office.

Nevertheless, digital media works best with the free press in ensuring that the citizens are free to receive information that is not manipulated or serves particular persons and interests. Therefore, tyee general public is well informed about the general issues within the state; hence the activists have better positions to attack the government in prevailing ways that tend to affect the wish of the citizens negatively. Notably, a better example of digital media application as a tool for greater democracy achievement is through the Chinese governance under president Xi Jinping where the state tends to use social media platforms to spread information to the citizens. In this case, the citizens tend to be more informed on the prevalent issues by the government and the practices aimed at benefiting the country as a whole. The action by the government to spread information to the citizens through digital media sets a reasonable basis for the opposition to mobilize towards challenging the government. Democracy can be achieved through impacts of opposition on the government and influence created by the expressions of the citizens on the government policies and practices.

However, digital media tend to have several negative impacts on the democracy of a country based on the spread of fake news and the application of digital media to favor individual interests. Obama tends to challenge the effectiveness of social media through its impact on the disruption of politics concerning the type of information circulating within the platforms. Notably, former President Obama and German chancellor Angela Markel blame the internet and digitalization for the “clash of cultures.” Digital media serves to impact negative impact on the citizens and members of the society as relatable to the uncertainties in the economic security and identities of the citizens. Sense of democracy within a state is lost through the influence created by digital media through the spread of propaganda and false information leading to the breakdown of democracy within a state. Therefore, the digital media tend to have democratic unfriendly policies that affect the practice of democracy and the respect for civil rights. More so, there is a tendency to put the state’s politics at a threat through the various politicians using digital media to mobilize voters and seek fame without considering the public opinions.

In this case, it is necessary to assess the effectiveness of digital media in ensuring the greater democracy of a country. Generally, the digital media may tend to push the democracy of a country to a threat through the various practices and postings that tend to impact the general public without having evidence basis for the information shared. In this case, the role of digital media in achieving greater democracy is an essential aspect of the countries that must be prioritized to ensure positive change within the country. Obama argues that it is necessary to discriminate between serious arguments and propaganda to ensure positive progress as a nation. Therefore, it is necessary to regulate the prevalent social media platforms to ensure that the various postings and information shared positively impact the democracy of a country.

Generally, digital media has a significant effect on the politics of a country as well as the government. In this case, digital media provides a platform for activists and actors to practice revolutions in fighting for democracy within a state. More so, the general public can appropriately express their opinions. Therefore, the greater democracy achievement can be traced by analyzing the practices of the government in the citizens and the challenging position based on the digital media system. In this case, there is a cultural appreciation among the members, ensuring national and international cohesion that creates unity among the citizens. More so, greater democracy is achieved through activists taking their part in challenging the government’s practices by questioning the government’s actions and policies. Generally, digital media provides a platform for the members of a country to express their opinions and empowerment by political actors towards ensuring those in office adhere to the oath of office and act upon the wishes of the citizens who elected them. Therefore, the overall democracy achievement is based on the selective and regulated application of digital media without the influence created by spreading propaganda and false information.


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