Essay On Gentrification Sample Essay

For years now, various counties have experienced Gentrification, which has affected multiple neighbourhoods resulting from the influx in their incomes. Various scholars have defined Gentrification in different ways, which, from their points of definition, appear to be building a similar argument. One unanimously agreed definition of Gentrification is when wealthy individuals move to urban areas initially inhabited by poor people, changing everything, like bringing in new businesses and changing the modes of housing which in the long run displaces the inhabitants. Some other acceptable arguments on the definition of Gentrification include the process of replacing original inhabitants or even changing their characters. Gentrification comes hand in hand with the development of estates with increased prices that typically favour middle and high-class earners. As much as various scholars have argued in support of Gentrification due to its positive impacts, it is still a problem worth addressing. Understanding all these dynamics requires the fundamental knowledge of Gentrification right from its origin, development, forces driving it, and the impact it has on the neighbourhoods experiencing it. A significant issue arising from Gentrification is whether its benefits outweigh the negative consequences and whether countries should embrace it fully as part of urban policy.

Origin of Gentrification

The history of Gentrification is well traced right from when it was first used by a British sociologist called Ruth Glass in the 1960s. Ruth first used the term gentrification as she was referring to the displacement that faced the working class inhabitants of London due to the emergence of new-class newcomers. From her point of view on using the term, Gentrification has unanimously been accepted as the displacement of one social class by another higher social class from their residence due to increased property value. Additionally, since then, it has been accepted as a way of neighbourhood change. Some major countries that have experienced the impacts of Gentrification include the United States of America and the United Kingdom. Su (2022) gives an interesting explanation of how Gentrification came into existence. He argues based on the increased value of time on the skilled individuals’ side, which made them relocate to the cities. From such a massive relocation of skilled workers, the prices of amenities like rent increased to counter the increasing demand. Interestingly enough, such an increase in amenities prices further attracted the skilled workers as those low-skilled relocated to other areas since the increased costs of such amenities could not favour them.

Driving Factors

There are various factors that, for some time, have been seen as the drivers of the existence of Gentrification. First, all fingers are pointed out at racism. Thurber & Krings (2021) argued that racism which had a stake in economic, political, and social relations, influenced the rise of Gentrification. Their argument was based on the racist rule that needed everyone to stay in areas where they could be easily traced by their colonizers and even dictated where they could stay. All these rules restricted the opportunities of individuals to favour the whites, who were considered high class and superior to the black. Such advantages made it easy for them to displace the blacks from the cities who were considerably seen as poor.

The second factor is the increased demand for amenities like skilled workers or working-class housing. Thurber & Krings (2021) supported such a factor by arguing that those of high social class who were now increasing in numbers would opt for houses in the gentrifying areas, which they could still afford despite the hiked prices of the amenities. As cited by the two scholars, those who mainly opted for the gentrifying areas were the more educated, the rich, whites, and the working class, thereby displacing the poor that initially were residents of such places. The increased prices of amenities like housing favoured those of the high course but never preferred the low style. Consequently, the low class became displaced by those who could manage the hiked amenities.

Positive impacts of Gentrification

One of the expected benefits of Gentrification cited by various scholars is its ability to transform and change the neighbourhood’s properties to be of a higher value. Additionally, Gentrification reduced the chances of exposing the residents to poverty. Such an argument is supported by Lin et al. (2021), who, from their research, found out that there is a significant decrease in the percentage of poverty rate in gentrified neighbourhoods. Finding a three per cent decrease in poverty in the research indicated that Gentrification is critical in reducing poverty levels. From the basis of the reduced poverty level, the living conditions of the neighbourhoods that are gentrified are likely to be improved.

Secondly, Gentrification leads to urban development. Wrona (2020), in his explanation, is in support of the idea that Gentrification brings about urban development. In his arguments, urban policies should be brought to board to run such developmental activities to achieve the outcomes. In supporting the idea, he gave an example of a case of suburbanization in the United States propelled by the relocation of middle-class individuals into the area. Additionally, Gentrification leads to replacing older buildings with new ones, resulting in contemporary and modern housing, a form of development.

Next, Gentrification leads to increased education levels in schools, followed by an increased number of youth professions (Lee & Galen, 2021). When it comes to the relationship between Gentrification and academics, the working class, the neighbourhood residents, are replaced by the wealthier individuals who, in most cases, are professionals in their various areas. As a result of the impacts the gentrified communities have on the students’ lives, there is an increase in the number of student enrollment in the gentrified neighbourhoods. Gentrification is linked to improved social exchange and interaction, like commercial development. Additionally, economic opportunities are enhanced through Gentrification as the values of multiple products in the gentrifying areas are also increased.

Negative Impacts

The negative impact of Gentrification is so intense that it makes it a big problem to handle. First, the results are broadly categorized into five groups, namely, economic, social, health, civic, and cultural consequences.

Economic Impacts

The significant economic impact that Gentrification mainly revolves around is increased property value which leads to the raising of the tax rates (Richardson et al., 2019). Additionally, it brings about a shortage of affordable houses, not forgetting the reduction in affordability of the amenities. To begin with, Gentrification brings about increased property taxes in various ways. First, the increased property value due to Gentrification automatically leads to increased property taxes. Secondly, the increased demand for houses by the incoming middle and high-class individuals in the gentrifying area leads to increased prices for housing, which alternatively increases the tax rate to stabilize the demand and supply principle. Such a consequence of an increased tax rate is unfavourable to the existing residents and directly affects the upcoming generation (Thurber & Krings, 2021)

The unavailability of affordable housing due to Gentrification is built in various ways. First, in the gentrifying area, the landowners would instead opt for increasing the rents of their houses due to the increased values of properties and taxes. Doing so would unlikely favour the low class while maintaining such raised rents. They would therefore sort for cheap houses which may not accommodate the high number of the low-class, thus insufficient affordable housing. When Gentrification and homelessness co-occur, the displaced residents might not find a place to stay (Thurber & Krings, 2021).

Social Impacts

Socially, Gentrification has a high chance of destroying social relations and networks and even causes tension. In explaining how Gentrification destroys social networks, Thurber & Krings (2021) argued that it eliminates the low-income residents who mainly rely on interpersonal relations for survival and friendship. In such cases, the individuals displaced from their residences have disrupted interpersonal relations with those around them. Such disruption is dangerous as it affects the children’s academic life of the displaced individuals, which also cuts off their relations with their friends at school.

When it comes to Gentrification creating social tension, it majorly arises from the racism and division resulting from social classes. The low-class individuals are made to believe they are lesser than the middle and high-class individuals whom Gentrification favours. Tension would likely arise due to the segregation and discrimination in such areas, interrupting social wellbeing. Socially, Gentrification is considered an enemy of good social relations.

Cultural Impacts

The two main cultural problems that arise from Gentrification are that it brings about changes in place identity and disrupts the attachment that exists with a deterioration of the sense of belonging. Changes in identity come from the re-branding and relocations that exist due to the Gentrification of neighbourhoods, as cited in Thurber & Krings (2021). Such re-branding in Gentrification brings about the rise of wealthier demographics. Additionally, the historical meanings and names of various cities and streets are changed, which changes the identity of such areas of Gentrification. Such an occurrence is unacceptable as it erases various historical cultures and identities that may have been created for an extended period.

When it comes to the disruption of place attachment and deterioration of the existing sense of belonging, the cultural ties between the existing communities are broken in the events where Gentrification occurs. Notably, displaced individuals may face the challenges of broken attachments to their original places, as remaining individuals may get fewer comforts (Thurber & Krings, 2021). Displacing an individual from original places makes them lose the attachment they had with such areas and further lose their sense of belonging.

Civic Impacts

Gentrification’s most common civic impacts are the destruction of political influence and marginalizing of civic life (Thurber et al., 2021). First, on the issue of interference of political influence by Gentrification, it arises from the disruptions resulting from the destruction of the neighbourhood association. Neighbourhood associations will weaken the political strengths in gentrified areas when the incoming residents are destroyed. Additionally, Gentrification makes it hard for the original existing residents to campaign for their political ideas as it only favours the new residents politically due to their social classes. Notably, Gentrification leads to the loss of power by the displaced residents to the new residents who would only fight for their interests.

When it comes to Gentrification, marginalizing civic life occurs when the long-term residents are displaced from their areas. As Thurber & Krings (2021) explain, the displacement of long-term residents leads to the loss of political powers, leading to mistrust. Moreover, such displacements come hand in hand with civic withdrawal by the original residents. As displaced individuals seek new areas, they may face problems coping with differences in political marginalization in their new areas.

Heath impacts

The two major health problems associated with Gentrification include mental problems and worsening the physical health of individuals in such areas. Mentally, Gentrification brings about stress and depression to old residents. Such mental issues are developed by increased price rates of amenities against their constant wages, which frustrates them on how to survive (Anguelovski et al., 2020). Concerning this, children from Gentrifying areas forced to relocate face stress and depression. As a result of racism and segregation in cases of Gentrification, residents go through depression as they view themselves as lesser beings compared to the other new social classes.

In the relationship between physical health problems and Gentrification, individuals residing in the gentrifying areas are exposed to problems arising from the increased rate of construction. Such a problem includes exposure to diseases like asthma and even lack of sleep due to construction. Health-wise, Gentrification leads to increased prices of fruits being unaffordable to low-class individuals and, as a result, exposure to diseases due to a lack of a balanced diet.

It is true to argue that the negative effect of Gentrification outweighs its benefits, just as seen by the problem it brings. From this, a suggestion arguing that Gentrification should be abolished may be acceptable to protect various aspects of life it affects. It indeed has some good impacts it has Just as seen above, like improving urban development, such advantages mostly favour the economic aspect of life. For balanced well-being, life’s social, political, economic, and health aspects should be considered. Doing so, it comes out that Gentrification affects all these aspects of life, giving all the reasons for its abolition in the interest of people’s wellbeing.

In conclusion, various strategies should be used to abolish this worrying problem of Gentrification. The first strategy is empowering community organizations to be strong and capable of resisting all forms of Gentrification. Secondly, various practical and effective policies should be implemented. Policies like including long-term residents in local development planning will help destroy social class differences and give them a sense of belonging. Lastly, encouraging community developments will ensure that no room for Gentrification exists. By doing so, the worrying problems associated with Gentrification will have been dealt with to completion.

References

Anguelovski, I., Triguero-Mas, M., Connolly, J. J., Kotsila, P., Shokry, G., Pérez Del Pulgar, C., … & Cole, H. (2020). Gentrification and health in two global cities: a call to identify impacts for socially-vulnerable residents. Cities & health4(1), 40-49.

Lee, R. J., & Newman, G. (2021). The relationship between vacant properties and neighborhood gentrification. Land Use Policy101, 105185.

Lin, L., Di, L., Zhang, C., Guo, L., & Di, Y. (2021). Remote Sensing of Urban Poverty and Gentrification. Remote Sensing13(20), 4022.

Richardson, J., Mitchell, B., & Franco, J. (2019). Shifting neighborhoods: Gentrification and cultural displacement in American cities.

Su, Y. (2022). The rising value of time and the origin of urban Gentrification. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy14(1), 402-39.

Thurber, A., & Krings, A. (2021). Gentrification.

Thurber, A., Krings, A., Martinez, L. S., & Ohmer, M. (2021). Resisting Gentrification: The theoretical and practice contributions of social work. Journal of Social Work21(1), 26-45.

Wrona, A. (2020). Gentrification as part of urban development. Biblioteka Regionalisty, (20).

Essay On Geophysicist/Geoscientist Career Free Writing Sample

A geophysicist or geoscientist is a person who applies the principle of physics to the study of the earth. Different geophysicists may specialize in various aspects of study such as movement of the earth’s crust, temperatures of its interior, geomagnetic field, the deposit of ores or petroleum, earthquakes, or even study of the waters beneath the earth’s surface. These individuals try to develop scientific theories to pinpoint the sources of certain occurrences as witnessed beneath the earth’s surface. The occurrences such as volcano eruptions and landslides are among the happenings that attract geoscientists into this field intending to find the mystery behind those occurrences.

Bychkov, S. [2021] “entertaining Geophysics5” records geophysics as a study built on mythical ideas about the earth’s crust and mantle structure. Bychkov, in this article, further records that there are pseudo-scientific fantasies of modern geophysicists due to a lack of rigorous scientific disciplines that explains the process of earthquakes and another catastrophic earth movement. The contemporary thinking of geophysicists is said to have developed down to the idea that the earth stands on three turtles and earthquake is a result of the movement of these animals.

Despite unclear findings and the critics directed at geoscientists, we cannot fail to note the positive impact they brought along. Responsible interaction of people with the earth system calls for deep engagement with ethical considerations (Peppoloni, Bilham & Capue 2019). In adherence to geoethics, geophysicists offer a framework for operationalizing and orienting other professions and society with responsible interactions with the earth system.

Geophysics is a career field pursued by several individuals primarily out of curiosity or desire to unfold the mystery beneath our planet. Geophysics, like any other career field, had three different positions chains, which include entry-level, mid-level, and senior-level. These levels are determined by your level of expertise and contribution in this field. Entry levels are for the juniors/fresh graduates whose impacts are yet to be felt. Mid-level is for the individuals who have favorably good knowledge and experience in this field, whereas senior is for the individuals who are considered to be founders/pillars of this field and have shaped it through developing theories and offering scientific to back up their findings.

Geophysicists, just like any other personnel in other fields of careers, are individuals who possess specific qualifications as required in this field. In most cases, a Geoscience degree or environmental science or engineering is needed in this field. Geoscience is specialized into categories such as crystallographers, development geologists, environmental geologists, exploration geologists, geochemists, and mine geologists, among others.

Demographic factors such as gender, age, race, and level of education, among others play a more significant in the development of a career in this field. For example, regarding gender, geoscience is considered to possess some dangerous activities and thus traditionally not suitable for women. Throughout history, when women were even able to enter scientific space, they have long had to navigate restrictions that weren’t placed on men (Nicholas 2021). Elderly and young individuals in society are also considered not suitable for this, for it sometimes requires extreme energy and perseverance.

There is different salary range due to various reasons, and thus it is difficult to determine the average salary for jobs in this field. Salary varies depending on the job sector (private and public sector), the level of your degree (BSc/MSc/Ph.D.), degree of flexibility, and the chain of position, among other factors.

In conclusion, geophysicists have offered and will continue to offer very important limelight of things that, if were left unstudied, the life of humankind would have taken a different shape from what it is today. For example, if crude oil were never discovered, the world would never be what it is today. The unearthing volcano eruptions ad how they occur have helped humankind to precautions when such events are expected. In as much as we want to prove some geoscience theories as weak due to lack of scientific proof, we must also give them credit for the enlightenment they have despite challenges they face in their endeavor

References

Bychkov, S. (2021). Entertaining Geophysics 5. The Study of Seismic Phenomena as the Process of Fortune-Telling on the Coffee Grounds. Harry Fielding Reid Made a Mistake, and Several Generations of Geophysicists Got into Trouble. The Study of Seismic Phenomena as the Process of Fortune-Telling on the Coffee Grounds. Harry Fielding Reid Made a Mistake, and Several Generations of Geophysicists Got into Trouble (June 18, 2021).

Peppoloni, Bilham, & Capua. (2019). Just a moment… ResearchGate | Find and share research. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331724165_Contemporary_Geoethics_Within_the_Geosciences_Ethical_Implications_Societal_Contexts_and_Professional_Obligations_of_the_Geosciences

Nicholas. (2021, March 12). Q&A: What does it mean to be a woman in the geosciences? Stanford Earth. https://earth.stanford.edu/news/qa-what-does-it-mean-be-woman-geosciences#gs.crizvh

Getting Inventory To Market-Sneakers Case Sample Essay

Introduction

New Balance has released a new line of youth-oriented athletic footwear. Athletes between the ages of 12 and 18 are their primary focus; Because no rival is working to make it more accessible to young people. Brands with as much clout as Nike and others on the international stage tend to cater to younger male athletes (those aged 18 to 24), whereas the New Balance Company considers the needs of runners of all ages. London’s Olympic champions have beaten the U.S. record for most gold medalists, earning them widespread acclaim at home and abroad (Melendez et al., 2018). Furthermore, it would show that he is making progress toward bettering himself. The company was impressed that young people participate in athlete gaming and have the competitive spirit to succeed. As a result, it makes sense as an expansion objective for the business. Predictions indicate that the multibillion-dollar athlete market will expand by 18%, which is good news for the company’s subsequent products and services. James, the winner, received a brand new pair of running sneakers, dubbed Sneaker 2013, that are moderately high-tech and priced reasonably. However, predicted cash flow has been required to examine if this project would benefit the company and provide more significant returns in the future to safeguard the earnings and operations of the newly developed product.

For the most part, human labor is necessary to produce shoes. As a result, it is vulnerable to shifts in several interconnected factors, such as supply and demand for land and labor, as well as changes in environmental regulations and consumer preferences. As a result, to maximize profits, many of the world’s largest consumer markets have begun outsourcing their footwear production, distribution, and retail to countries with lower labor costs. Raw materials are obtained, processed into finished products (shoe materials, shoemaking, finished items), and finally branded and distributed to end users (Mandaza, 2015). This is identical to the sneaker supply chain, which typically takes 18 months from the beginning of shoe design to the end of shoe production. Increases in labor costs, differences in tax policies across countries, tariffs, and fluctuations in the exchange rate are all supplier challenges in the supply chain.

The quality of a link in the supply chain can significantly affect how well and efficiently the partnership works and the success of the supply chain as a whole. Partners in the supply chain must identify areas with poor connectivity and take steps to prevent shifts in supply network capacity (such as production/distribution capacity and inventory) and supply chain performance to get the most value out of the supply chain. The theory of constraints (TOC) is one way that could be used in supply chain management (Mabin & Balderstone, 2020). The central idea of the Theory of Constraints is that every system, including businesses that want to make money, has at least one constraint that stops it from getting more of what it wants and, in turn, defines the system’s output. In business, a limitation is anything that slows down production or development.

Therefore, the firm’s productivity drops significantly because of its inability to cope with this constraint. It is possible to draw parallels between the TOC and the supply chain, in which a single point of failure can have a devastating effect on the entire system. The supply chain is only as strong as its weakest link. In the event of a production slowdown and subsequent delivery delays at the upstream supplier, for instance, the lead time for the downstream manufacturer and distributor would increase, resulting in product shortages at the retailer. The store’s ability to provide good customer service would suffer due to being unable to meet its customers’ needs due to a lack of stock. In this case, the supplier’s production capacity will be the bottleneck in the system (the supply chain). According to the Theory of Constraints, suppliers’ production capacities will serve as the “drum” that establishes the rhythm for the entire supply chain (Copacino, 2019). The “buffer” is the supplier’s stockpile, which buys time for the business to recover from disruptions in the upstream supply chain. To avoid having final sales or distribution rates exceed the supplier’s production capacity, the “rope” connects the upstream and downstream supply chains.

The principle of limitations can also be applied to the Sneakers case study to mitigate supply chain concerns. Nike has encountered many supply chain challenges that have caused delays in delivering its items to designated locations. Creating a seamless flow of goods is necessary to ensure that products reach the market at the proper time. Using the theory’s description and recommendation, Nike’s supply management can employ the theory of constraint by devising methods for resolving the challenges causing delays and impeding the efficient and timely delivery of Nike products to their desired destinations. Problem identification is the first step. For instance, if the products are delayed at the port before shipment, the causes should be investigated (Mabin & Balderstone, 2020). Some items take longer than expected to arrive at the port due to a lack of cargo space or the incompetence of the shipping firms. In such a circumstance, it is vital to continue with the shipping process despite the circumstances. This is only possible by using the theory. Exploiting the restriction so that it functions effectively requires concentration on effective distribution by concentrating on how the constraint might be exploited. The shipment of certain Nike products to South America via the West is a classic instance in which the company has experienced delivery delays.

According to the Theory of Constraints, every process has a single bottleneck, and increasing overall output is possible only by addressing this bottleneck. As a crucial implication, optimizing factors that are not restricted will not significantly advance the goal (increasing profits). This is why the Theory of Constraints (TOC) aims to focus on the bottleneck until it is no longer a bottleneck in terms of throughput, at which point the focus will shift to the following constraint in line. Taking out Constraints (TOC) is effective because it may direct an organization’s resources in such a way that they are laser-focused on increasing profits while simultaneously eliminating the most significant roadblock standing in the way of doing so (Melendez et al., 2018). The gradual structural development of African economies, where primary sectors dominate, is rooted in the continent’s low industrial manufacturing level. Tariff hikes on African factories’ exports have also contributed to the problem. Tariffs on raw materials exported from Africa tend to be relatively low, whereas those on value-added goods made in Africa tend to be relatively high. Differences in industrial production contribute to the economic and wealth gap between high- and low-income industrialized and developing countries. Those with a high standard of living tend to export manufactured goods with high added value, while countries with lower standards of living tend to export commodities with little to no added value (Mandaza, 2015). Price fluctuations are a constant threat to low-income nations, which causes their economy to fluctuate wildly.

The principle of rarity serves as the foundation of the sneaker collecting pastime. They have something that no one else has seen or heard before, which is associated with credibility, in the same way, that the rise of hip-hop music and the birth of sneaker culture in the 1980s was. These three locations provide a brief introduction to sneaker culture. Nike purposefully conceals production figures to generate significant pre-release buzz and ensure a sellout of its newest sneaker design. Being “a cool brand in a cool store” is crucial to this marketing buzz, which can only exist in a physical location (Copacino, 2019). This is directly related to scarcity, after all. Many people cannot afford the hefty prices well-known sports brands charge for their footwear. Buying costly sneakers may be seen as a kind of ostentation. The obligatory markups from wholesale to retail are another factor in the high prices of luxury footwear. Sneaker buyers are well aware of these two characteristics, and as a result, they anticipate paying a high price for a brand new sneaker.

Conclusion

Because the product’s emphasis is on technology and money rather than labor, the corporation may face problems if creating such a product hits any technological challenges. Organizations should carefully pick product development staff with appropriate experience operating complicated equipment and working with cutting-edge technologies to mitigate these hazards. There are always monetary dangers in undertaking any job. However, this threat can be mitigated via careful financial planning and forecasting. However, cash flow projections have been made by the corporation. It is also essential to create budgets for production, advertising, financial statements (such as income and balance sheets), and projections.

References

Copacino, W. C. (2019). Supply chain management: The basics and beyond. Routledge.

Mabin, V. J., & Balderstone, S. J. (2020). The world of the theory of constraints: a review of the international literature. CRC Press.

Mandaza, M. (2015). Lean six sigma and theory of constraints for service: Model definition and validation at ABSA (Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University).

Melendez, J. R., Zoghbe, Y. A., Malvacias, A. M., Almeida, G. A., & Layana, J. (2018). Theory of Constraints: A systematic review from the management context. Revista Espacios39(48).