Essay On Research Activities Sample College Essay

William Rathje and Cullen book “Rubbish!: The Archaeology of Garbage” investigated the anthropological, ecological, and cultural effects of trash disposal. Researchers in the Garbage Project employ observational research to learn about people’s consumption habits and waste output by sorting and analyzing their trash. They manually sift waste and collect information on food and household goods packaging.

Webcams allow researchers to observe people in public spaces, including plazas, streets, parks, and sports fields. Nonverbal behavior, such as facial expressions and body language, can be captured via webcams, providing insight into the attitudes and feelings of the participants. How do shoppers react at stores when they are made aware of webcams, and how do they react when they aren’t? is a question that could be investigated. Retail stores might utilize webcams to monitor customers’ actions, such as how long they spend in different departments, the products they pick up and put back on the shelf, and how they interact with sales associates. The research could influence participants’ perceptions of being watched and monitored.

Data collection methods account for the differences in the survey, observational, and mechanical-based studies. Surveys use self-reported data provided by participants; observational studies involve the researcher observing the target under study in natural settings. Mechanical-based studies gather data without human intervention using machines and sensors. Naturalistic observation is another ethical way to “observe” hand-washing behavior. This method is unmanipulated, and researchers record activity without interfering. This method is less invasive and more accurate for real-world conduct.

Claims that Sea Snapper’s product is superior are substantiated when the company shows the methodologies it uses to make that an unsubstantiated claim. Sea Snapper does not provide evidence whatsoever about the fishing practices it employs to guarantee the quality and viability of the product. Sea Snapper data needs to be more comprehensive to warrant strict catch restrictions and constant tracking of fish populations for sustainable fishing. The firm needs to provide proof of its investment in quality control to ensure product integrity since the data is essential for evaluating the effectiveness of quality assurance. Neither the company’s strategies for keeping product freshness nor competitor comparisons are disclosed.

The tasting test showed that brand knowledge affects soft drink consumption and attitudes. The results show that the branded taste test can bias results since participants consume more of their favored brand and rank it higher than the blind taste test. This indicates that brand recognition and familiarity might impact consumer perceptions and preferences, making recognized brands more likely to be purchased (Ramkumar & Liang, 2020). This experiment helps organizations modify their marketing efforts by revealing how brand knowledge affects consumer behavior. Companies can improve their branding efforts by understanding brand recognition and familiarity. This can involve investing in marketing activities that build brand recognition and consumer-resonant solid brand identity. Companies can use consumer insights to create products and services that fit consumer wants and preferences, increasing customer happiness and loyalty.

Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter have allegedly conducted user trials. These studies may involve changing users’ feeds or notifications to determine how it affects their platform usage or content consumption. Since social media platforms don’t disclose their research, such tests may happen. Given their history of user experimentation, they may still be experimenting with minor nudges. Facebook’s lab and field experiments depend on the study design. Some tests are done in a lab, while others manipulate platform circumstances. Social media experiments can use and exploit users without consent. This violates ethics and damages platform confidence. Facebook should prioritize transparency and informed support for future investigations. Users should be notified of platform tests and given a choice to opt-out. Facebook should also consider ethical and independent research oversight.


Ramkumar, B., & Liang, Y. (2020). How do smartwatch price and brand awareness drive consumer perceptions and purchase intention? A perceived value approach. International Journal of Technology Marketing, 14(2), 154-180.

Rathje, W. L., & Murphy, C. (2001). Rubbish!: the archaeology of garbage. The University of Arizona Press.

Respecting LGBTQ+ Individuals Sample Assignment


To begin, did you know that LGBTQ+ populations are more likely to develop depression and anxiety than their heterosexual counterparts? This diminishes their health and well-being amidst the need to expand their daily-life outcomes. I have decided to focus on this issue to promote their rights. Also, this is meant to dispel common myths and misconceptions targeted toward this community. We must overcome this and create a safe and secure environment for them.

I firmly believe that we all have the moral obligation to respect the rights and dignity of the LGBTQ+ community. I aim to dispel common myths and misconceptions associated with these individuals by arguing for respect and value toward their rights. Respecting their rights benefits not only associated individuals but the society at large. Therefore, we should all respect the rights of these community members to shape a better social setting.

I will speak on the importance of respecting LGBTQ+ individuals, dispelling common myths and misconceptions, and promoting their rights. These are key areas that will allow community members to familiarize themselves with the need to promote the welfare of these community members. We should all strive to respect LGBTQ+ members and eliminate myths and misconceptions that hamper their status at the community level.

Respecting the LGBTG picture

The Importance of Respecting LGBTQ+ Individuals

Community members should learn to respect LGBTQ+ members as this is their fundamental right. These groups have often been discriminated with the vice being persistent during the Stonewall riots and the fight for marriage equality. This primarily affected the older populations who experienced victimization and stigma (Lof and Olaison 254). These groups and others have continued to be exposed to discrimination and marginalization due to their status. For example, they are prone to violence and suicide, mainly from depression and anxiety attacks. A member often looked down on by others is likely to develop depression that can lead to suicide. Also, these populations are often exposed to violent attacks perpetuated by their counterparts. This portrays the need to create an inclusive and safe environment for these persons across all areas. Schools, workplaces, and other social domains should implement inclusive policies to accelerate the respect and promotion of the rights of the LGBTQ+ community. For example, schools should recommend that teachers engage in LGBTQ+-related content and conversations to enable students to familiarize themselves and accept this concept (Ryan and Jill 35). This will enable them to dispel common myths and misconceptions directed toward these persons.

Dispelling Myths and Misconceptions

The myth that being LGBTQ+ is a choice has often led people to maltreat these persons. Community members should understand that sexual orientation and gender identity are innate and should be respected. These statuses are biologically determined, and everyone should respect this perspective. Also, most people feel and assume that LGBTQ+ members are immortal and unnatural, which is not the case. They are as capable of maintaining healthy relationships as their heterosexual counterparts ((Parker III 248). They should be allowed to enjoy these benefits and not be discriminated against. It is also important to note that the myth that being LGBTQ+ is a mental disorder has continued to negatively affect their welfare across various communities. The American Psychology Association eliminated homosexuality from the list of disorders, which means that being LGBTQ+ should not be viewed as a psychological challenge.


Even though we advance the rights of these community members, we should note that viewpoints rely on diverse cultural, social, and religious practices across different societies. Some religious groups portray homosexuality as a sin and immoral act, with the Bible condemning this act (Mayo 77). Anyone associating with LGBTQ+ is considered to be engaging in an unholy act. Also, particular cultures believe this is a heinous practice that should be disregarded. For example, Africans and Asians consider being LGBTQ+ a taboo and shameful act. As much as we would want to champion their rights, we should never forget that presenting these opposing viewpoints that fuel discrimination, prejudice, and intolerance. Speaking about sexual orientation and gender identity can make both groups develop inappropriate feelings and emotions that elicit negative behavior. However, we should always be guided by respect, dignity, and equality for all, irrespective of a person’s sexual and gender status. We must promote understanding, inclusivity, and diversity while rebuffing all forms of discrimination. More so, the rights of the LGBTQ+ community should be observed and respected.

LGBT rights are human rights!


As I conclude, I would like to reiterate that even though stakeholders have made strategic milestones, LGBTQ+ persons continue being exposed to discrimination, harassment, and violence connected to their status. They are viewed as objects of violence and discrimination because they do not ascribe to the norms of the majority of the population. The poor treatment directed towards these persons hampers collective interests. LGBTQ+ is a diverse community that entails persons with different statuses. Any adverse treatment directed towards them can challenge achieving the projected community-based goals and objectives. For example, violence, hate crimes, and bullying complicate efforts to establish a safe and stable environment. Even if legal structures and policy changes have reduced the vice by creating anti-discrimination laws and same-sex marriages to advance their rights and status, more needs to be done to achieve optimal results. Community members should be exposed to educative insights and informed on forming allyship to promote the rights of the LGBTQ+ community. As the larger community, we must remain committed to fighting for the rights of these persons and other groups.

Works Cited

Löf, Jenny, and Anna Olaison. “‘I Don’t Want to Go Back into the Closet Just Because I Need Care’: Recognition of Older LGBTQ Adults In Relation To Future Care Needs.” European Journal of Social Work 23.2 (2020): 253-264.

Mayo, Cris. LGBTQ youth and education: Policies and practices. Teachers College Press, 2022.

Parker III, Eugene T. “Campus Climate Perceptions and Sense of Belonging for LGBTQ Students: A Canadian Case Study.” Journal of College Student Development 62.2 (2021): 248-253.

Ryan, Caitlin L., and Jill M. Hermann-Wilmarth. Reading the rainbow: LGBTQ-inclusive literacy instruction in the elementary classroom. Teachers College Press, 2018.

Rosemarie Parse Theory Of Human Becoming Essay Example


Rosemarie Parse’s Theory of Human Becoming is a nursing theory that emphasizes the unique and individual nature of each person’s experience and views health as a process of continually being made. The theory suggests that individuals are co-creators of their health and well-being and that nursing care should focus on facilitating the patient’s unique journey toward their desired state of health (Bunkers et al., 2021). Utilizing nursing theories in practice is essential to guide nursing care and improve patient outcomes. Nursing theories provide a framework for understanding the complex nature of healthcare, including the patient’s experience, the role of the nurse, and the interplay between various factors that influence health and wellness. By utilizing nursing theories, nurses can provide evidence-based care tailored to patients’ needs and promote active participation in their care. Furthermore, nursing theories can improve the quality of care nurses provide and enhance their professional development.

Rosearie Parse: Theory of Human Becoming

Case Scenario

Patient Information

Name: Mrs. M

Age: 65 years old

Medical History: Hypertension, Type II Diabetes Mellitus, and Chronic Kidney Disease.

Mrs. M was admitted to the hospital with shortness of breath, leg swelling, and weight gain over the past few days. On examination, she was found to have fluid accumulation in her lungs and legs, and her blood pressure was elevated. Further tests revealed that her kidney function had declined significantly. The patient reported feeling overwhelmed and anxious about her condition and treatment plan. The principles of the Human Becoming Theory guided the nursing care plan for Mrs. M. The nursing interventions aimed to promote the patient’s active participation in her care, considering her unique perspective and values.

Pulmonary Edema


Assessment is a crucial component of nursing care, and utilizing the Human Becoming Theory can guide the assessment process and promote patient-centered care. The assessment focuses on understanding the patient’s perspective, values, and beliefs about their health and illness experience. By gathering this information, nurses can develop a holistic understanding of the patient and use it to guide care planning and decision-making. In the case scenario of Mrs. M, the nursing assessment was guided by the principles of the Human Becoming Theory. The nurse conducted a thorough interview to identify the patient’s goals and expectations related to her care. The nurse also gathered information about the patient’s family and social support system. This information helped the nurse to understand Mrs. M’s perspective, values, and beliefs related to her health and illness experience.

Understanding the patient’s perspective, values, and beliefs is essential in nursing practice as it allows nurses to provide patient-centered care tailored to their needs. By understanding the patient’s unique perspective, nurses can collaborate with patients to develop care plans that align with their values and goals. This approach promotes patient autonomy and encourages patients to participate actively in their care and decision-making. In the case scenario of Mrs. M, the assessment information was used to guide care planning and decision-making. The nurse collaborated with the patient to identify strategies for coping with the illness and adapting to the treatment plan. The care plan also included interventions to address the patient’s physical symptoms, such as administering diuretics and blood pressure medications and implementing dietary modifications.


The nursing diagnosis for Mrs. M was “Risk for decreased cardiac output related to fluid overload as evidenced by elevated blood pressure and edema.” This nursing diagnosis was derived from the assessment data that showed Mrs. M had elevated blood pressure and significant edema, which indicated fluid overload. The nursing diagnosis also considered the patient’s history of hypertension and diabetes, which put her at increased risk for cardiovascular complications. The Human Becoming Theory guided the nursing diagnosis by considering the patient’s unique perspective, values, and beliefs related to her health and illness experience. The nurse understood that Mrs. M strongly desired to remain independent and maintain her quality of life. Therefore, the nursing diagnosis focused on addressing the patient’s fluid overload to prevent complications that could impact her independence and quality of life.

Edema symptoms


The planned nursing interventions addressed the nursing diagnosis’s underlying cause: fluid overload. The interventions included administering diuretics, implementing a low-sodium diet, monitoring fluid intake and output, and assessing vital signs frequently. The nurse also planned to collaborate with the patient to develop strategies to manage her fluid intake at home and cope with the illness. The Human Becoming Theory guided the care plan by considering the patient’s unique perspective, values, and beliefs related to her health and illness experience (Narayan & Mallinson, 2021). The care plan was designed to be patient-centered, promoting autonomy and active participation in the care process. The nurse collaborated with the patient to identify strategies aligned with her goals and preferences. The care plan considered the patient’s values and goals, promoting autonomy and active participation in the care process.


The nursing interventions included administering diuretics, implementing a low-sodium diet, monitoring fluid intake and output, and assessing vital signs frequently. The nurse also collaborated with the patient to develop strategies to manage her fluid intake at home and cope with the illness. The Human Becoming Theory guided the implementation of nursing interventions. The Human Becoming Theory was used to guide the implementation of care by considering the patient’s unique perspective, values, and beliefs related to her health and illness experience. The care provided was patient-centered, promoting the patient’s autonomy and active participation in the care process. The nurse ensured that the patient was fully informed and engaged in the care process, encouraging her to ask questions and express her concerns.



Evaluation involves assessing the outcomes of the care provided and determining whether the goals of the care plan were achieved. In the case of Mrs. M, the care plan was evaluated to determine the effectiveness of the nursing interventions implemented to address the nursing diagnosis of “Risk for decreased cardiac output related to fluid overload as evidenced by elevated blood pressure and edema” (Stickel et al., 2019). The care outcomes were positive, and the nursing interventions effectively addressed the underlying cause of the nursing diagnosis. The patient’s vital signs stabilized, and the edema decreased. The patient reported feeling more comfortable and could manage her fluid intake more effectively.

The Human Becoming Theory was used to evaluate the care plan’s effectiveness by considering the patient’s unique perspective, values, and beliefs related to her health and illness experience. The nurse assessed the patient’s level of satisfaction with the care provided, ensuring that the care plan aligned with the patient’s goals and preferences. Based on the evaluation, some changes were made to the care plan. The nurse modified the patient’s medication regimen to ensure the diuretic effectively managed fluid overload. The nurse also provided additional education on the importance of adhering to a low-sodium diet and managing fluid intake to prevent future episodes of fluid overload (Riegel et al., 2019).

Picture of the patient and nurse


The case scenario of Mrs. M highlights how the Human Becoming Theory can be utilized in nursing practice to guide the assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation of patient care. The theory emphasizes the importance of understanding the patient’s unique perspective, values, and beliefs to provide care that aligns with the patient’s goals and preferences. Through the assessment process, the nurse thoroughly understood Mrs. M’s health status and beliefs about managing her health. The nursing diagnosis of “Risk for decreased cardiac output related to fluid overload” was derived from the assessment. The care plan was developed based on the Human Becoming Theory to address this diagnosis. The nursing interventions implemented were tailored to the patient’s unique needs, preferences, and values, and Mrs. M was actively involved in the care process. By utilizing nursing theories, nurses can provide evidence-based care tailored to individual patient’s unique needs and preferences, improving patient outcomes.


Bunkers, S. S., Bournes, D. A., & Mitchell, G. J. (2021). Rosemarie Rizzo Parse: Humanbecoming. Nursing Theorists and Their Work E-Book, p. 370.

Narayan, M. C., & Mallinson, R. K. (2021). Transcultural nurse views on culture-sensitive/patient-centered assessment and care planning: A descriptive study. Journal of Transcultural Nursing33(2), 150–160.

Riegel, B., Lee, S., Hill, J., Daus, M., Baah, F. O., Wald, J. W., & Knafl, G. J. (2019). Patterns of adherence to diuretics, dietary sodium and fluid intake recommendations in adults with heart failure. Heart & Lung, 48(3), 179-185.

Stickel, S., Gin-Sing, W., Wagenaar, M., & Gibbs, J. S. (2019). The practical management of fluid retention in adults with right heart failure due to pulmonary arterial hypertension. European Heart Journal Supplements21(Supplement_K), K46-K53.