Ethical Dilemma – Using Deadly Force Against An Abuser Sample Assignment

The ethical dilemma involved in whether or not it should be legal for victims to use deadly force against an abuser is whether the law should protect the victims’ rights to self-defense while also protecting the abuser’s rights to due process. On the one hand, Alonso & Jesus argues that allowing victims to use deadly force against an abuser could protect them from further harm and let them take matters into their own hands. This could be seen as a form of justice, as victims would be able to defend themselves and protect themselves from further abuse. Convulsively, allowing victims to use deadly force against an abuser could also be seen as a form of vigilante justice and raise questions about the legal system’s legitimacy. If victims are allowed to take matters into their own hands without the protection of the law, this could lead to a situation in which abusers are not given a fair trial and could be denied due process. Ultimately, this is an ethical dilemma that must be considered carefully. It is essential to ensure that victims of abuse can defend themselves and receive justice. Still, it is also necessary to ensure that abusers have their rights to due process respected. It is vital to ensure that victims of abuse can use reasonable force to protect themselves while also ensuring that the legal system can provide the necessary protection and justice to those accused of abuse. Therefore, the paper entails a counterargument that disagrees with the topic that victims should be authorized to use deadly force against an abuser.

The opposition believes that using deadly force by victims against their abusers should not be legal because it can result in a dangerous and deadly cycle of violence (Garrett et al.,). When a victim is allowed to use deadly force, it can lead to retaliatory violence from their abuser and further escalate the situation. It is also challenging to determine when a victim can use deadly force (Garrett et al.,). The standards and criteria for when it is appropriate to use deadly force are unclear and can lead to victims feeling compelled to use it when it is unnecessary. Additionally, victims may not always be able to assess their situation accurately and may use deadly force when it is not necessary (Garrett et al.,). This can result in an innocent person being harmed or killed, which is unjust. Furthermore, basing our argument on Garrett et al., they state that allowing victims to use deadly force can also be challenging to enforce. It is difficult to determine when and how much deadly force is appropriate, and it can lead to victims being charged with a crime even if they are trying to protect themselves. Allowing victims to use deadly force may also discourage them from seeking help from the police or other professionals (Leider & Robert). Victims may need to handle matters on their own, which can be dangerous and lead to further violence and abuse (Leider & Robert). Allowing victims to use deadly force can also lead to a culture of violence (Leider & Robert). When victims are given the ability to use deadly force, it can lead to a society that is more accepting of brutality and can lead to an increase in violent crimes. Allowing victims to use deadly force can also lead to a rise in vigilante justice (Leider & Robert). Victims may take matters into their own hands and attempt to exact revenge on their abuser, which can lead to more violence and further victimization. Leider & Robert states that allowing victims to use deadly force can also lead to misunderstanding the law. Victims may think they are allowed to use deadly force when they are not, which can result in them committing a crime and being charged with a serious offense.

Egan & Greg supports that using deadly force against an abuser should not be allowed. To protect themselves, victims of abuse may need to use deadly force to stop their abuser’s violent behavior (Egan & Greg). However, this action can lead to serious legal consequences and even death. Furthermore, allowing deadly force against an abuser only perpetuates the cycle of violence against victims. It is important to remember that violence is not the answer when dealing with an abuser. In some cases, using deadly force may be seen as an appropriate response, but this is rarely the case. Instead, victims should focus on seeking help from family, friends, and law enforcement. By taking this route, victims can avoid further escalating the situation and be assured that their abuser is held accountable for their actions. According to Egan & Greg, using deadly force against an abuser can also be seen as vigilante justice. This can create a dangerous precedent that suggests that violence is an acceptable solution to resolving conflicts (Egan & Greg). This can also create a situation where victims are encouraged to take matters into their own hands rather than seeking help from the legal system. It is important to remember that justice should be served in a court of law, not on the streets. Furthermore, using deadly force against an abuser can put the victim at even greater risk (Garrett et al.). This is because the abuser may be armed, and the victim may not have the necessary skills to defend themselves. In addition, the abuser may be more likely to retaliate against the victim if they feel threatened. By not allowing the use of deadly force, victims can protect themselves without putting themselves in further danger.

In conclusion, victims should not be allowed to use deadly force against an abuser. While using deadly force may seem like the only recourse in some situations, the risks and consequences far outweigh the benefits. Victims should focus on seeking help from family, friends, and law enforcement to ensure that their abuser is held accountable for their actions. Allowing the use of deadly force only further perpetuates the cycle of violence against victims. Additionally, allowing victims to use deadly force against their abusers should not be legal. It can lead to a dangerous cycle of violence and be difficult to enforce. Furthermore, it can lead to a culture of violence and vigilante justice and can also lead to victims misunderstanding the law. Instead, victims should be encouraged to seek help from the police or other professionals. This will ensure that victims are able to protect themselves without resorting to deadly force, and will also help to ensure that the law is followed and that justice is served.

Work Cited

Alonso, Jesus A. “How police culture affects the way police departments view and utilize deadly force policies under the fourth amendment.” Ariz. L. Rev. 60 (2018): 987.

Egan, Greg. “Deadly force: How George Floyd’s killing exposes racial inequities in Minnesota’s felony-murder doctrine among the disenfranchised, the powerful, and the police.” Minnesota Journal of Law and Inequity 4.1 (2021): 1-23.

Garrett, Brandon, and Christopher Slobogin. “The law on police use of force in the United States.” German Law Journal 21.8 (2020): 1526-1540.

Leider, Robert. “Taming self-defense: Using deadly force to prevent escapes.” Fla. L. Rev. 70 (2018): 971.

Essay On Ethnography Free Writing Sample

What is ethnography

­­Ethnography is a study section of anthropology that focuses on studying individual cultures by exploring cultural observations from an academic perspective. Additionally, ethnography examines community members’ behavior to understand their interpretation of their behavior from a cultural viewpoint. In brief, the researcher conducting ethnography shifts to live with the community he/she intends to study and collects interpretations of their behavior from their points of view. Therefore, as a scientific method, ethnography relies on observing the participants; the researcher plays a marginal role in the community he/she seeks to study and document the patterns of social relations in detail. Furthermore, ethnographers apply qualitative methods to observe the holistic study. The ethnographic document contains a brief history of the people, an analysis of the terrain, insight into the climate, and the people’s habitat (Matera & Biscaldi, 2020, p. 67).

How it is used as a method of understanding human experiences of health, illnesses, and healing

Researchers explore a community’s understanding of health, illnesses, and healing by applying ethnography as a medical sociology study method. Ethnography can be applied to access the community’s beliefs and traditions, allowing them to be in the context of occurrence and understand the behavior of the existing health issues. Therefore, ethnography is valuable as the medical practitioner understands the patients’ views on the experience of the illnesses. For example, the effectiveness of therapeutic recommendation relies on the cultural practices­; therefore, a professional approach towards therapy will not work until the doctor comprehends the impeding elements of the practice within the community. Additionally, ethnography can be a way to understand the structure of a healthcare organization. For instance, data management in national hospital service is chaotic; a researcher could apply ethnographic methods to unearth the underlying issues leading to disorganized data in the system (Enria, 2021, pp. 1-22).

How ethnography used in Being Alive Well

The researcher studied the village of Whapmagoostu, North Montreal, Quebec, at the edge of the Great River. The document contains a short history of the village dating back to the 1600s until the mid-1700s when the whaling industry gained popularity in the parts. Additionally, the document describes the terrain of the village at Taiga region in the Canadian boreal forest, sitting at the northern edge of the river. Furthermore, the author describes the people’s habitat- how it was as a village compared to how it has transformed with modern houses and a new government office. The author also describes how the village is geographically isolated, as it can be accessed only by air or watercraft. There are no roads in the northern part of Quebec; therefore, the villagers rely on a single daily plane for transportation, receiving mail, and groceries. Therefore, the author uses the elements of ethnographic documentation to put together Being Alive Well (Adelson, 1998, pp. 5-22).

Ethnographic Component of the Being Alive Well Issue

The issue in Being Alive Well was that the Cree people perceived all the misfortunes in their society as being because the Whiteman came and took adulterated their culture. The people find that every disease, conflict, and technology results from Whiteman’s impurity. Additionally, the society is currently divided its operations into Cree vs. non-Cree‑ the outcome of each product in the society undergoes a prejudgment of whether it will be harmful (if it is non-Cree) or helpful (if it is Cree). Therefore, the ethnographic component identified in the Being Alive Well is that health is an integral part of the community’s cultural practices and that the Whiteman came to interrupt the cultural ecosystem (Adelson, 1998, pp. 5-22).

Possible intervention around the issue

Understanding the issue now helps understand that medical interventions in the village will be effective when presented to the people in a pro-Cree format. For example, inculcating modern medicine into the Cree society should include prescribing modern medicine, which should come from indigenous bushes and food. Furthermore, it would be imperative to educate the community’s medical doctors who understand the cultural issues around health; so, therefore, they can navigate the health issue (Matera & Biscaldi, 2020, p. 78).

What would it look like

The intervention would involve extensive research to explore how modern medicine could be inculcated into the bush life that the Cree people adored and continue to adore their indigenous way of being. The ethnographic research method available in the space will require going back to develop Alderson’s (1998, pp. 5-22) paper about the Cree community. However, the new research would be about getting a sense of the attitudes of the recommendation to develop modern medicine from their bushland and hunting culture.

What Knowledge to gather to tailor the intervention effectively?

The Knowledge to gather would be all that the Cree people called indigenous and find out if it had any medicinal value. Going back to traditional medicine and reinventing it to be part of modern medicine would also involve massive scientific Knowledge on the development of medicine. However, setting up a medical facility for research in the village would go a long way to indicate the relationship between medicine and Cree cultural practices. Also, training locals instead of importing international scientists will help avoid the Whiteman intrusion mentality, which would impede the intervention (Boeri & Shukla, 2019, p. 56).

Whom to talk to and what kind of information to collect

Talk to the older adults in the Cree community who have a better link to the Knowledge of traditional medicine than the younger generation. The researcher would collect qualitative information from the Cree people on what kinds of medicine they would accept as pro-Cree through the ethnography method of data collection. Also, it would be helpful to discuss with the Cree medical professionals the intention of the intervention to get a view of whether the intervention would be successful (Adelson, 1998, pp. 5-22).

Ethnography in public health and social science research complements case studies and systematic reviews. In the intention to intervene on the Cree health issue outlined in Being Alive Well, the researcher would use the article as a case study to justify the intervention. A case study is a detailed evaluation of the occurrence of events for a time; therefore, using Alderson’s (1998, pp. 5-22) article would be a starting point for the study. However, to gather the objectives of the intervention and for documentation, a systematic review of the Cree culture would reveal more information regarding the relationship between culture and the health of the Cree people. As a result, before setting up camp in Whapmagoostu village, which is the ethnographic method of study, the researcher will have interacted with the case study and systematic review methods to develop an effective intervention procedure. Therefore, the ethnographic research method complements case study and systematic review methods in public health and social scientific research (Yoeli & Dhital, 2022, pp. 1-17).


Adelson, N. (1998). Health beliefs and the politics of Cree well-being. Health, 5-22.

Boeri, M., & Shukla, R. K. (2019). Inside Ethnography: Researchers Reflect on the Challenges of Reaching Hidden Populations. California: Univ of California Press.

Enria, L. (2021). Bringing the social into vaccination research: Community-led ethnography and trust-building in immunization programs in Sierra Leone. Plos One, 1-22.

Matera, V., & Biscaldi, A. (2020). Ethnography: A Theoretically Oriented Practice. New York: Springer Nature.

Yoeli, H., & Dhital, R. (2022). A meta-ethnography of participatory health research and co-production in Nepal. Social Science and Medicine, 1-17.

Evidence-Based Practice Change Project Free Writing Sample


There are several important factors to consider when it comes to post-operative recovery from complete hip replacements. A key question to ask is: how long does it take for patients to recover from the procedure compared to those who didn’t have a post-operative infection within the first six weeks of recovery? This is a difficult question to answer without the use of a theoretical framework. The framework chosen for this project proposal will be the Social Cognitive Theory. This theory, developed by psychologist Albert Bandura, emphasizes the interaction between people’s individual learning, behavior, and environment (Abdullah et al., 2020). The theory proposes that individuals learn through observation and direct experience and that the social environment influences their behavior. Thus, this theoretical framework is beneficial in understanding how long it takes patients with complete hip replacements to recover compared to those who did not experience post-operative infections. By utilizing Social Cognitive Theory, this project proposal can examine the relationship between the patient’s environment, behavior, and recovery time, allowing us to better understand recovery rates among those who experienced a post-operative infection within the first six weeks of recovery. Through this project, we can gain insight into which environmental factors influence recovery times and how these factors can be adjusted to reduce infection rates and speed up recovery time.

Project Description

This project proposal focuses on a Picot question related to the recovery time of patients who underwent a procedure and had a post-operative infection within the first six weeks of recovery compared to those who did not. The primary goal of this research is to understand the differences in recovery time between these two groups and to identify any possible factors that may contribute to longer recovery times in patients with post-operative infections. I have chosen to use the Social Cognitive Theory to provide a theoretical framework for this project. This theory focuses on understanding how people learn from their environment, their behavior, and the interpersonal relationships they form (Schunk & DiBenedetto, 2020). Through this, the project seeks to explore how the environment, individual behavior, and existing relationships may contribute to longer recovery times for patients with post-operative infections.

In order to achieve this, the project will include interviews with patients and medical personnel involved in the care of post-operative patients. This will allow us to gain insight into both the individual patient’s experience and any potential relationships between medical personnel and patients that may affect recovery times. The project will also analyze any existing data related to the topic to better understand any environmental factors or behaviors that could be influencing recovery times. Overall, this project seeks to understand how post-operative infections can influence recovery times and how the environment, behavior, and interpersonal relationships of patients can affect this process. By using the Social Cognitive Theory as a basis for the research, the project aims to gain a greater understanding of post-operative infections’ impact on recovery times and how these can be minimized. When selecting a theoretical framework to guide a project proposal on a picot question, such as how long does it take for patients to recover from the procedure compared to those who did not have a post-operative infection within the first six weeks of recovery, there are a few key aspects to consider.

The first aspect to consider is the theoretical perspective that best fits the question and research goals. In this case, a social cognitive theory approach would be most appropriate since this theory focuses on the interplay between individual behavior, personal factors, and the environment in which the behavior occurs. This theory could help explain why some patients might take longer to recover from their procedures compared to those who do not have post-operative infections.

The second aspect to consider is how this theoretical framework can inform the design of the project proposal. For example, when designing the study, researchers must consider the behaviors, personal factors, and environmental contexts that may influence patients’ recovery time. This could include factors such as pain management practices, access to support systems, and patient coping strategies. Furthermore, the study must consider potential confounding variables that could affect the results.

Finally, the theoretical framework must be used to develop meaningful conclusions and recommendations from the study results. By analyzing the data collected from the project proposal, researchers must determine how the social cognitive theory approach can be used to understand the results and suggest possible interventions for improving patient recovery times. By considering these three aspects, researchers can develop a project proposal grounded in a theoretical framework that can provide valuable insights into patient recovery times.

Analysis of Fit

The Social Cognitive Theory is a practical, theoretical framework to guide this project proposal on the picot question: how long does it take for patients to recover from the procedure compared to those who didn’t have a post-operative infection within the first six weeks of recovery? The Social Cognitive Theory focuses on how their environment influences a person’s behavior and how they, in turn, affect their environment (Schunk & DiBenedetto, 2020). This theory states that behavior is determined by an individual’s personal factors, such as their thoughts, feelings, and beliefs, and external factors, such as their environment.

When applied to the picot question, this theory states that the individual’s recovery time may be affected by their thoughts, feelings, and beliefs about their procedure and its results. For example, if an individual believes that their recovery time will be shorter if they do not have a post-operative infection, this belief may influence their behavior and increase the speed of their recovery. On the other hand, if an individual believes their recovery time will be longer if they have a post-operative infection, this belief may influence their behavior and delay their recovery. The Social Cognitive Theory can also identify potential environmental factors that may influence an individual’s recovery time. These environmental factors could include access to health care, social support from friends and family, and access to educational materials and physical therapy. By identifying and addressing these environmental factors, healthcare providers can help improve patient outcomes and reduce recovery times. Overall, the Social Cognitive Theory is a useful theoretical framework to guide this project proposal on the picot question. By considering the personal and environmental factors that may influence an individual’s recovery time, healthcare providers can develop interventions that can reduce the recovery time for those who have experienced a post-operative infection.


This project proposal concludes that the Social Cognitive Theory theoretical framework could be an excellent guide for this research. This theory offers valuable insight into how a patient’s belief in their own ability to recover influences the amount of time it takes to do so. By understanding the potential impact of self-efficacy, researchers can better understand how to create strategies that optimize patient outcomes and support their recovery journey. Through this research, we can also gain a better understanding of the differences between patients with post-operative infections and those without, and what factors influence recovery times. This information can be invaluable in creating more efficient, effective, and tailored post-operative care plans.


Abdullah, N., Hassan, S. S. S., Abdelmagid, M., & Ali, S. N. M. (2020). Learning from the Perspectives of Albert Bandura and Abdullah Nashih Ulwan: Implications towards the 21st Century Education. Dinamika Ilmu20(2), 199-218.

Schunk, D. H., & DiBenedetto, M. K. (2020). Motivation and social cognitive theory. Contemporary Educational Psychology60, 101832.