Eve And The Apple Essay Example For College

No one completely understands the ways of God. Many of us can come up withour own opinions, and justify his ways in our own minds, just as Milton did in ParadiseLost. Just as Adam and Eve, we all are gifted with free will and the responsibility ofmaking important decisions and choices in our life, which will determine our future. Butwe may well ask ourselves today, of what use would this free will be to us if we did notknow good from evil? When Eve ate the apple in the Garden of Eden she had twodifferent voices telling her what to do. God had said that Adam and Eve may eat anyfruit from any of the trees in the Garden of Eden except for the tree that contains theknowledge of good and evil. Satan (disguised as a serpent) told Eve that she would notdie from eating that fruit, that her eyes would be opened, knowing both good and evil. But at the time Eve made her decision, she did not have the knowledge of good and evil. Eve did not know the serpent could be Satan incarnate, nor did she know that her desireto become a goddess would be a sin. The main reason Eve eats the apple is because she wants to become a Goddess. The serpent said that he was a beast and after eating the fruit from the tree of knowledgeof good and evil he became more human like. Eve was enticed by the words of theserpent who said that “If the fruit makes a serpent like a man, it should make men likegods.”(Line 710: “That ye should be as Gods, since I as man, Internal Man, isbut proportion meet; I, of brute, human; ye, of human, Gods.)Other arguments that the serpent used to manipulate Eve included; 1,) You shallnot die, look at me, I have touched and tasted and I have not died. 2,) Should man not beallowed a fruit that a beast has? 3,) How can God’s tree give knowledge out against hiswill, if he already knows all?Eve also states that by God forbidding the fruit he made it more desirable. Whilecontemplating whether or not to eat the fruit, Eve wonders, why the beast did not dieafter eating the fruit? Why should such intellectual food be reserved for beasts? But hermain reason for eating their fruit is to acquire greater power, to become a “goddess”. Shetells Adam that “it was a divine effect which will open our eyes and makes us Gods.” She tells Adam that the snake ate the fruit and nothing bad happened to it. Adam inreturn eats the fruit because he doesn’t believe that he could take living without her. (Healso didn’t know if he could spare another rib for a second Eve.)God knew before warning Adam and Eve of the forbidden fruit that they wouldeat it anyway. By warning them of it, he only increased their desires. However, this mayhave been a necessary development in the creation of mankind. After consuming theapple, Adam and Eve were banished from the sacred garden, and sent to the outsideworld. They had committed a sin against God, by not only disobeying hiscommandment, but by wanting to be gods themselves. They were banished from thegarden not only as punishment, but also because God did not want them to eat of the treeof life, of immortality. They were not killed as God had originally threatened, but told tobe fruitful and multiply.According to Milton, in the outside world Adam and Eve repented their sins toJesus Christ who in turn asked God for forgiveness. God once again accepted them butstated that they would never again set foot in Paradise. But by this grace, his creationwas complete.

God’s warning was definitely effective because he accomplished exactly hispurpose : The creation of this magnificent world that we live in today, which was allstarted by God, Adam, and Eve. God didn’t give Adam and Eve a complete warningabout the tree because he did not tell them that it was only by his judgment whether ornot they would die or eat the fruit. So when the serpent ate the fruit and didn’t die, butbegan to speak like a man, they were more susceptible to his guile.

God works in mysterious ways, but never intended to hurt or kill Adam or Eve. He had a complete plan the entire time. To create the world we humans live in today.

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Romeo And Juliet: From Play To Big Screen

In 1596, William Shakespeare published the tragic tale of two star-crossed lovers, Romeo and Juliet.The origins of this story are uncertain but Shakespeares chief source for his adoption of the story was from The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet, a poem by Arthur Brooke (1562). He also knew the story from Palace of Pleasure, by William Painter, which appeared in several editions prior to 1580.(Boyce 563) Shakespeares classic tale is about two young lovers caught in the crossfire of a senseless family feud.(Shakespeare 3) This feud between the two families ultimately is the cause of the two lovers untimely demise.

In 1996, Baz Luhrmann produced a modern film of the classic tragedy entitled William Shakespeares Romeo + Juliet. Adding familiar images and common ideas, Luhrmann brought the classic story to modern times. Though Romeo + Juliet has many differences from the original version from Shakespeare, it supports the original characters, themes, dialogue, and key issues of the classic tale of the star-crossed lovers.

There were many differences among the two stories, among these differences were setting, weapons, the classic Balcony Scene, other new adoptions to the film, the concentration on the main characters of Romeo and Juliet, and the implementation of imagery to the storyline. First, the setting of the story is probably one of the biggest differences between the two stories. The original version of the tale is set in Verona, Italy.

The newer version is set in a fictitious Verona Beach, California, a city with the appearance of modern day Los Angeles after a riot. The new environment gives familiarity to the viewer, allowing them to relate to the situation at hand, bringing it to a modern time. Another change to the story was the weapons used within the story. The original story used daggers as weapons whereas the newer version uses guns (appropriately titled sword, dagger, etc.).

The famed Balcony Scene, where Romeo and Juliet avow their love to each other was dramatically changed in many aspects. In the original version, Juliet appears on the balcony and utters the famous words O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? (Shakespeare 45) Juliet then goes into the speech about names, asking Romeo to deny his fathers name. Romeo is hiding in the shadows below and hears the words of Juliet. After hearing Juliets speech Romeo steps into the light. Romeo and Juliet profess their love for each other and they plan to get married in secrecy. This is a very romantic and heart-filled scene.

The new version, on the other hand, takes place in the pool of the Capulets home. The same dialogue is spoken between the two lovers but the sexuality of the film takes away from the true romanticism of the original play. Only part of the scene takes place on the balcony. Only where Juliet is telling Romeo goodnight takes place on the balcony.

This, in part, takes away from the story. Many things in the new version were changed to make the transition from old times to new. Guns, letter courier services, cars, drugs, and policemen all replace swords, messengers, Monarchs, and the Watch. These modern elements neither take away nor add to the storyline. When the characters fight with swords in the original play, the audience understands the magnitude of the hatred between the two families.

This same magnitude is conveyed when the characters fight with guns. Because the play focuses on the feuding families and the desires Romeo and Juliet have for each other, time changes, props changes, and slight dialogue, action, and scene changes does not make a substantial difference in the overall plot of the story. One aspect of the play that really bothered many Shakespeare fans was the change of the meaning of Mercutios Queen Mab speech.

Mercutios long speech about Queen Mab in the original version, according to Robert Evans, presents what were the main reasons for marriage- money, place, and love- and then presents what in the milieu of Romeo and Juliet was a principle destructive force- violence.(Evans 79) In the new version, Mercutio is merely referring to a mood-altering drug called Ecstasy. Also, in the new version, the two houses loyal servants were portrayed more as gang members.

Among some of the other changes in the story, there was also a great deal of concentration over the main characters of Romeo and Juliet. The original story has many scenes where other people have conversations. In the new version, most of these scenes have been omitted, probably to keep the focus on the main story. Imagery is also a big difference between the original and new versions. The new version of the story has strong images to support main ideas and help the viewer keep up with story whether they understand the dialogue or not. The old version leaves the reader with a lot to figure out and often confused.

Though there were many differences between the two stories, the likenesses outnumbered the differences. The film, in fact, is just a modernized version of the original tale. The new version contains all the original main characters. Romeo is the only son of the Montague family. He falls in love with Juliet and proceeds to marry her. He is a tragic character. He is young, hasty, and emotional. These qualities ultimately lead to his death. Juliet is the daughter of the Capulet family. She falls in love with Romeo. She believes that marriage should be out of love not out of necessity. She is also can be characterized as hasty and young. Lord Capulet is Juliets father. He is a strict, harsh, non-understanding man. He wishes Juliet to marry Paris and arranges so.

Lady Montague is Romeos mother. She is very busy and strict. Lord Montague is Romeos father. He is very stubborn and not willing to forgive and end the feud. Paris is a kinsman to the Prince. He cares about Juliet and wishes to marry her. The Prince is the prince of Verona. The Prince is fed up with the constant quarrels between the two families and wishes to call a truce between the two families and end the feud. Friar Lawrence is the priest in Verona. He marries Romeo and Juliet in secrecy hoping it will unite the two families, instead it causes more turmoil. He also gives Juliet the sleeping potion.

Juliets Nurse cared for Juliet throughout her childhood. She just wants Juliet to be happy. Mercutio is Romeos best friend. Mercutio isnt for either of the houses and at the time of his death curses both houses. Both stories support the same central themes as well. Themes play a strong part in the original story as well as the movie. Most notable are the themes of love and fate. The play develops the theme of love through contrast.

On one hand, there is Romeos infatuation with Rosaline and the arranged marriage of Paris and Juliet. On the other is the pure true love of Romeo and Juliet. The play shows this primarily through their actions and their romantic speeches to one another. The movie develops the theme of love the same way, but with the additional twist of incest (Tybalt and Lady Capulet) and homosexuality (Mercutio).

The theme of fate almost disappears, however. The play shows many premonitions of tragedy to Romeo, Juliet, and the Friar. There are also several events beyond their control, such as the feud between the two families, the plague, and the arranged marriage of Paris and Juliet. In the movie, Romeo fails to notice the receipt of the letter from Friar Lawrence. Near the end of the movie, Romeo fails to notice that Juliet is moving and that she is still warm. Therefore fate is mistaken through sheer ignorance to the obvious.

There were many key issues in both versions thatplay a significant part in the events of the story. Feuding is one of the key issues that lead to the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet. Had the two families not been feuding, the situation never would have existed. Dreams were also a big issue in the story. Had Romeo heeded the warnings of his premonitions he could have avoided his death. There were also the issues of decisions, sacrifices, stereotypes, and fate.

Over 400 years ago Shakespeare wrote a classic story that has been retold for centuries. This new version is just a modern adoption of the classic tale of the two star crossed lovers. The actors featured in Luhrmanns film did an excellent job in portraying the two young lovers. Throughout the film, Shakespeares poetic language is spoken nearly verbatim. But the terrific cast, led by Leonardo DiCaprio and Claire Danes, follows the well-known dialogue with nary an English accent. Nonetheless, DiCaprio and Danes on-screen chemistry transcends the antiquated language to produce the beautiful and tragic love story for todays movie going audiences.

According to George Bernard Shaw playing the parts of Romeo and Juliet is almost impossible, except to actors of pure genius, skilled to the last degree in metrical declamation, by the way in which the poetry, magnificent as it is, is interlarded by the miserable rhetoric and silly logical conceits which were the foible of the Elizabethans. When Juliet comes out on her balcony and, having propounded the question, Whats in a name? proceeds to arguer it out like an amateur attorney in Christmas-card verse of the rose by any other name order, no actress can make it appear natural to a century which has discovered the art of giving prolonged and intense dramatic expression to pure feeling alone, without any skeleton of argument or narrative, by means of music.

Romeo has lines that tighten the heart or catch you up in to the heights, alternately with heartless fustian and silly ingenuities that make you curse Shakespeares stagestruckness and his youthful inability to keep his brains quiet. (Bloom 37) Though certain aspects are changed, the story remains beautifully sound and serves as a classic example of the power of love. The new version, in my opinion, is the better version of the story. Not only does it depict the original tale, it adds visual stimuli to help draw the reader in. But the stories still have their similarities. Though Romeo + Juliet has many differences from the original version from Shakespeare, it supports the original characters, themes, dialogue, and key issues of the classic tale of the star-crossed lovers.

Works Cited

  1. Bloom, Harold. Blooms Reviews: William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet. Broomall,PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 1998.
  2. Critical Essays on Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. Ed. Joseph A. Porter. New York: G.K. Hall ; Co., 1997
  3. Evans, Robert O. The Osier Cage. Lexington: The University of Kentucky Press, 1966.
  4. William Shakespeare’s Romeo + Juliet. Dir. Baz Luhrmann. Perf. Leonardo DiCaprio, Claire Danes. Twentieth Century Fox, 1996.
  5. Shakespeare, William. Romeo and Juliet. Ed. John E. Hankins. New York: Scholastic Inc., 1969.

 

Descartes Applied To Biology

Descartes method of questioning what is real is a very important aspect of the world of science. I will show how this method of philosophy is crucial to the studies of biology. Descartes said that the only time that something is not doubted is when it is clear and distinctly true. This is the difference in science between theory and fact. In order for something to be clear and distinct it must be a fact. DNA was discovered on April 25,1953 by James Watson and Francis Crick. They discovered that it was a double helix made up of 5 carbon sugars, phosphates, and 4 different nitrogenous bases.

This is where Descartes comes in to play. There was much questioning whether DNA even existed and if it did what was it like. DNA is only about 10 nanometers wide so it is extremely small and easily overlooked. There was much research done to try to figure out the structure of DNA molecules. Chargraff came up with the theory of there being 4 different nitrogenous bases in equal quantities purines and pyrimidines. This was eventually proven true but at the time was not definite. Descartes would not be satisfied with this because it wasnt clear and distinct fact yet. Different theories came up about the actual structure of the molecule. Originally Watson and Crick believed that the molecule could be single stranded and at one point they also believed that it might be triple stranded. This still was only theory and not clear and distinct, so their research continued. Rosalind Franklin was an assistant on the DNA project. She was an X-ray crystallographer, which is someone who takes pictures of strands of DNA. Much research went on till one day a picture was taken to show the B form of DNA, which gave Watson and Crick the information that they had needed. This picture showed that DNA was double stranded and that it was in the shape of a double helix. It was with a little more research that it was finally proven that DNA was a double helix and due to this structure its function was also proven. It was now clear and distinct that DNA is real. If Watson and Crick just left their research at one of the other points such as the single strand or triple strand the real structure would not have been found. This would continue the doubt about DNAs existence and function. People would also be learning the wrong information because they would be learning about theories that were never concluded. The same thing is being done with the cure to Cancer as well as many other diseases. Possible cures are thought up very often. These possible cures are far off to be factual. It takes many years of testing to really see whether the original theory of the cure will actually work. Even then there is still doubt. The problem with most drugs is that they react differently to each individual in terms of their success. This would make drugs go against what Descartes would trust because it is not fact. If you decide to take a drug to cure cancer it may not because there is no proven way at this time. Descartes theory is pretty much the basis for the world of science in general. Science is made up of people doubting things and only believing in them when they are proven fact. This is what Descartes whole point was in his theory. Trust only what is fact. Ideas begin with a hypothesis, which is an educated guess. The hypothesis is the basis for the research. They are then tested and theories arise. Theories are still not proven even though there has been research done. Much research needs to be done before it can be proven. Only then can the end result be clear and distinct fact.

Biology and all science is based on these theories of questioning till proven. Science is respected because things are tested till they are clear and distinct facts. This is why science can be trusted by the ideals of Descartes.

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