Everyday Use is a literary explanation of what culture is. In Everyday Use, the author Alice Walker confronts the question of what are the true values in ones heritage and culture. In the conflict between Dee and her mother, Alice Walker shows that ones culture and heritage are represented by neither the possession of objects or external appearances, but by the lifestyle and attitude.
In “Everyday Use, Alice Walker personifies the different sides of culture and heritage in the characters of Dee (Wangero) and her mother (the narrator). Dee can be seen to represent a complex and modern way of life where culture and heritage are to be valued. Her mother represents a practical way of life where they are valued both for it is usefulness as well as personal significance. When Dee first comes to visit the family, she is wearing a long dress, even though the weather is very hot. We get the impression that Dee is more occupied with aesthetic appearances rather than practicality.
The dress is colored with enough yellow and orange “to throw back the light of the sun”(1174). Dee is also wearing numerous pieces of jewelry, earrings and bracelets. Even more than Alice Walkers description of Dee is the significance of Dees “name change” to Wangero that seems to symbolize Dees attitude about ones culture and heritage.
It seems to reflect a sort of glittery artificial pretense put on in order to assume sophistication. Dee disregards the importance of her name, the fact that she was named after her aunt Dicie.And when asked about why she changed her name, Dee can only discharge an answer, “I couldnt bear it any longer, being named after the people who oppress me.”(1175) Another important detail is the words directly preceding her answer about what happened to her name V “Shes dead…” (1175) is Dees answer.
By these words, Alice Walker shows that Dee has distanced herself even further from her family, heritage, and culture V despite her “new” name and the way of talking. Dee is portrayed as aggressive, to the point of total lack of regard for her family. When she first greets her family, she starts snapping pictures of the house and her mother before even greeting them with a kiss or a hug, or even a handshake. Later, when they are in the house, Dee begins just taking various items for herself, assuming they belong to her first, before even asking permission from her mother. Alice Walker, through Mrs. Johnsons point of view describes Dee as going straight “to the trunk at the foot of my bed and started rifling through it.”(1177)
Alice Walker uses Dees actions to portray those like her as greedy and self-serving. By contrast, Dees mother does not fly into any sort of rage. Instead, she is tolerant of Dees actions and words up until the final part of the story. Dee derides the house, yet her mother and Maggie continue to use the house because despite its appearance, since it functions perfectly well as a home.
The house can be seen as one of the aspects of the familys culture and heritage – being uneducated, poor descendents of slaves. Just as Dee hates the house she hates the uncomplicated life of poverty that her family lives in. Dee decline the house and yard, which symbolize of her familys past, at the same time she wants various objects in the house – a churn top, a dasher, and several quilts which are just as meaningful to the family history as the house and the yard are.
But they are reminders of the different views Dee and her Mother hold about culture and heritage. Dee views these items as works of art. Mother sees their practical value and actually makes use of them when Dee exclaims, “…they are priceless!(1177) it is because they are handmade by her family and she envisions some sort of monetary value. But what is really priceless is the actual ability to make these things.
Dee does not have this ability nor does she want it. She has declined her ability, part of her true heritage, while her mother and her sister still occupy it. Walker is trying to point out the motivations behind the characters – by Dees attitude toward the heirlooms of the family is a sign of either culture or heritage.
The story is clear to us that Dee is equally confused about the nature of her culture and heritage and Dees attitude is the irony and focal point of Alice Walkers entire story. Regardless of Dees worldliness and education, she neither knows nor values her real culture and heritage. Alice Walker shows that culture is neither name changes or bright dresses and different hair.
In the story, the culture gives us a unique perspective into people lives and the conflicts they face. The way of the conflict is handle in a decision left to the individual, who is guided by the cultural upbringing. Therefore, people who occupy their real heritage and culture makes use of it every day of their life.
The Internet As A Business Tool
I understand that some students that have already graduated from College arehaving a bit of trouble getting their new businesses started. I know of a tool that willbe extremely helpful and is already available to them; the Internet. Up until a few yearsago, when a student graduated they were basically thrown out into the real world with justtheir education and their wits. Most of the time this wasn’t good enough because afterthree or four years of college, the perspective entrepreneur either forgot too much of whatthey were supposed to learn, or they just didn’t have the finances. Then by the time theysave sufficient money, they again had forgotten too much.
I believe I have found theanswer. On the Internet your students will be able to find literally thousands of links tohelp them with their future enterprises. In almost every city all across North America, nomatter where these students move to, they are able to link up and find everything theyneed. They can find links like “Creative Ideas”, a place they can go and retrieve ideas,innovations, inventions, patents and licensing.
Once they come up with their own products,they can find free expert advice on how to market their products. There are easilyaccessible links to experts, analysts, consultants and business leaders to guide their wayto starting up their own business, careers and lives. These experts can help push thebeginners in the right direction in every field of business, including every way togenerate start up revenue from better management of personal finances to diving into thestock market. When the beginner has sufficient funds to actually open their own company,they can’t just expect the customers to come to them, they have to go out and attract them.
This is where the Internet becomes most useful, in advertising. On the Internet, in everymajor consumer area in the world, there are dozens of ways to advertise. The easiest andcheapest way, is to join groups such as “Entrepreneur Weekly”. These groups offer weeklynewsletters sent all over the world to major and minor businesses informing them about newcompanies on the market. It includes everything about your business from what youmake/sell and where to find you, to what your worth. These groups also advertise to thegeneral public.
The major portion of the advertising is done over the Internet, but thisis good because that is their target market. By now, hopefully their business is doingwell, sales are up and money is flowing in. How do they keep track of all their fundswithout paying for an expensive accountant? Back to the Internet. They can find lots ofexpert advice on where they should reinvest their money. Including how many and howqualified of staff to hire, what technical equipment to buy and even what insurance topurchase. This is where a lot of companies get into trouble, during expansion. Too manyentrepreneurs try to leap right into the highly competitive mid-size company world.
On theInternet, experts give their secrets on how to let their companies natural growth force itsway in. This way they are more financially stable for the rough road ahead. The Internetisn’t always going to give you the answers you are looking for, but it will always lead youin the right direction. That is why I hope you will accept my proposal and make aware thestudents of today of this invaluable business tool.
A History Famous Scientist Archimedes
Archimedes, who hailed from Syracuse, Sicily, is credited with inventing a device known as Archimedes’ screw during his rumored visit to Egypt. This screw, which functions as a pump, is still in use in various regions globally. During his youth, Archimedes received education from the descendants of Euclid in Alexandria. He possessed knowledge of the mathematical techniques employed there and had personal acquaintances among the mathematicians working in Alexandria. Archimedes would convey his findings to Alexandria alongside personalized messages. He held Conon of Samos, a mathematician in Alexandria, in high regard both for his mathematical prowess and their close friendship.
Archimedes recounted a tale about his acquaintances in Alexandria in the preface of On Spirals. He mentioned that he used to share his latest theorems with them but without presenting proofs. Certain mathematicians in Alexandria took credit for these results as their own. To thwart their actions, Archimedes included two false theorems in his last communication. Aside from his prefaces, details about Archimedes can be found in various sources such as Plutarch, Livy, and others.
According to Plutarch, Archimedes was connected to King Hieron II of Syracuse, and evidence of their friendship is seen in the dedication of The Sandreckoner to Gelon, Hieron’s son. References to Archimedes in contemporary writings highlight his distinguished reputation as the leading mathematician of his time. Unlike other mathematicians, Archimedes focused on inventing war machines rather than exploring new mathematical concepts.
In the defense of Syracuse against the Romans and Marcellus, Archimedes’ war machines proved to be particularly effective. Plutarch mentions in his work on Marcellus that during the siege of 212 BC, Archimedes used his engines to shoot various types of missile weapons and large stones against the land forces. These projectiles came down with tremendous noise and force, making it impossible for anyone to withstand them. They caused great damage by toppling over individuals and breaking their formations.
In the meantime, the ships were under attack by poles thrust out from the walls. Some ships were sunk by heavy weights that were lowered from above. Others were lifted into the air using a crane-like beak made of iron, and then dropped into the sea after being placed upright on the back end. Ships also faced destruction by being pulled by internal engines and thrown against steep rocks protruding from the walls, resulting in the deaths of many soldiers on board. Some ships were lifted high into the air and tossed back and forth until all sailors were thrown out, and then either crashed into rocks or fell to the ground.
Archimedes was persuaded by his friend, King Hieron, to build these machines. He had designed and contrived them as mere amusements in geometry, not of any great importance. This was in response to King Hiero’s desire and request for Archimedes to put some of his scientific speculations into practice and make them more accessible to the general public. Despite becoming famous for his mechanical inventions, Archimedes believed that mathematics was the only meaningful pursuit. Plutarch portrayed Archimedes with an exaggerated attitude, but in reality, Archimedes did utilize practical methods to derive results from pure geometry.
In On Spirals, Archimedes defines a spiral and presents properties that relate the length of the radius vector to the angles it has revolved through. He also discusses tangents to the spiral and methods for finding the area of specific portions of it. In his work On Conoids and Spheroids, Archimedes examines paraboloids of revolution, hyperboloids of revolution, and spheroids created by rotating an ellipse either around its major axis or minor axis. The main focus of this work is to study the volume of segments of 3-D figures.
Archimedes believed that his most significant achievements revolved around a situation where a cylinder enclosed a sphere. He desired for this concept, along with his findings on the ratio between the two shapes, to be immortalized on his tomb. Cicero, who was present in Sicily in 75 BC, recounts his quest to locate Archimedes’ final resting place. The tomb was discovered overgrown with brambles and thickets, but recognizing certain verses inscribed on the tomb which mentioned a sphere and cylinder placed atop the grave, Cicero persevered. Eventually, he spotted a small column emerging from the bushes bearing the depiction of a sphere and cylinder. Slaves were summoned and equipped with sickles to clear a path, enabling them to reach the pedestal. Although only half of the lines were still legible due to erosion, the inscription was still partially discernible.