Evolution Of Popular Sovereignty Sample College Essay

Popular sovereignty, which holds that the people have the most political power, was crucial to the founding of the United States (Florida, 2020). Understanding and use of popular power have changed, especially between the early 1800s and the mid/late 1800s, the early 1900s and the mid/late 1900s, and the late 1900s and the 2000s. The debate over slavery revolved around public power from the start. Political power and popular authority were viewed and used differently from the early 1900s through the mid-1900s. This time, important social and political organizations expanded voting rights and empower marginalized populations.

Women’s suffrage and African American civil rights organizations attempted to enhance voting rights. These groups thought that power and government should come from the people. “Public rule”Globalization and direct democracy changed “popular sovereignty” in the late 1900s and early 2000s. Internet and social media have democratized politics. Campaign finance reform, citizen suggestions, and referendums have debated “popular sovereignty.” However, people’s authority has been a worry. Money and authoritarian leaders worry.

Popular sovereignty has evolved from local governance in the early 1800s to political independence in the early 1900s to the digital era in the late 1900s and 2000s. Despite these changes, the idea that the people have the most political power remains central to US politics. Most social, political, and technological changes increased public authority. Revisions altered the premise. Slavery ruled the 1800s. Slavery in new territories split the nation. (Dutt, 2023). Locals choosing was a good idea. However, it sparked the Civil War.

Social and political forces pushed popular sovereignty to increase voting rights and empower disenfranchised populations from the early 1900s to the mid-1900s. Women’s suffrage and civil rights groups had power because they pushed for more women and African Americans to vote and for equal treatment in law and politics. “Popular sovereignty” advocated for equal government representation for everybody. Technology and globalization expanded government power in the late 1900s and early 2000s. Internet and social media democratize politics. Campaign finance reform, citizen ideas, and referendums are popular sovereignty themes.

Money’s impact on politics and authoritarian leaders who want to overturn democracy made popular sovereignty impossible. From the beginning of the 1800s to the middle or end of the 1800s, popular power was focused on governing territories and ending slavery. The idea was that the people who lived there would decide if slavery was allowed, but this method needed improvement and led to deadly fights. From the beginning of the 1900s, popular sovereignty was used to govern territories and end slavery. Technology and trade transformed public authority in the late 1900s and early 2000s.

The idea supported direct democracy and popular decision-making. However, concerns about how money affects politics and the development of authoritarian leaders who aim to dismantle democratic institutions made popular sovereignty difficult to deploy. The government examined popular power through the local authority and enslavement from the early 1800s through the late 1800s. The Democratic Party was in charge. The Democratic Party supported popular sovereignty to resolve regional slavery disputes. The concept failed to avert the Civil War, which had huge economic and political ramifications for the country.

The government empowered locals and simplified voting through “popular sovereignty” from the early 1900s to the mid-1900s. Democratic and Republican Progressives desired government participation to strengthen democracy. The 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 19th Amendment, which allowed women the vote, were essential. The government encouraged direct democracy and people power in decision-making from the late 1900s to the early 2000s. Democrats and Republicans supported citizen suggestions, referendums, and open primaries. Money’s impact on politics and authoritarian leaders made using people’s power difficult. Parties defined “popular sovereignty” differently. Early Democrats favored abolition. Whigs in the mid-1900s.

Both parties supported direct democracy and public decision-making throughout the late 1900s and early 2000s, but their methods diverged. Public power influences politics and economics. Slavery was unsolved until the late 1800s. (Ross, 2019). The Civil War affected politics and economics. More people voted from the early 1900s until the mid-1900s and disadvantaged groups gained influence, strengthening democracy and political security. In the late 1900s and early 2000s, direct democracy movements had uneven public power. Money in politics and dictatorships complicates the concept.

US Constitution “popular sovereignty” begins. People power constitutionalism. “Public rule” The Constitution oversees federal-state relations. Changes in democratic government and conditions necessitate Constitutional amendments. The Constitution’s “popular sovereignty” in electing MPs and senators is crucial. State residents choose the House of Representatives every other year, according to Article I, Section 2, Clause 1. Citizens elect senators in Article I, Section 3, Clause 1. (Pinkoski, 2022). Public authority amends the Constitution. Article V describes Constitutional changes. Change needs two-thirds of the House and Senate and three-quarters of states. Courts and laws have explained and applied the Constitution.

The Supreme Court upheld one-person, one-vote in Baker v. Carr (1962). Disadvantaged groups gained voting rights in 1965. Finally, “popular sovereignty” has been essential in US history. The idea is that the people have the most authority and the right to govern and vote. From the early 1800s until the mid-1800s, popular sovereignty was largely tied to state sovereignty and the right of states to decide on slavery. As the nation split over slavery, “popular sovereignty” became related to expanding voting rights and giving underrepresented groups more political influence.The 19th Amendment and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 provided citizens additional authority from the early 1900s to the mid-1900s. Politics and society altered popular power. The ruling party interpreted “popular sovereignty” differently. Politics and economics reflected popularity. This attitude affected marriage, immigration, and political finance reform issues. The US tried same-sex democracy to expand. Thus, popular sovereignty was essential to US democracy. Self-government, equality, and fairness are the country’s guiding principles.


Act, F. S. (2021). Michigan’s Underground Railroad and the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act.

Dutt, R. (2023). Emancipation and Imperialism in a Borderland: The Challenge to Settler Sovereignty over Slavery in Belize in the 1820s. The Americas80(1), 1-31.

Floridi, L. (2020). The fight for digital sovereignty: What it is, and why it matters, especially for the EU. Philosophy & Technology33, 369-378.

Pinkoski, N. (2022). Taming the Parliament: John Locke on legislative limits, prerogative, and popular sovereignty. In People power (pp. 59-80). Manchester University Press.

Ross, E. Β. (2019). Potatoes, population, and the Irish Famine: The political economy of demographic change. In Culture and Reproduction (pp. 196-220). Routledge.

Four Treasures Of The Sky Comparative Analysis Free Writing Sample


The inspiring novel Four Treasures of the Sky by Jenny Tinghui Zhang follows a young girl called Shu Shan as she navigates the complexity of her life, including her identity, family, friendships, love, cultural background, etc., and the challenges she must face. In the book, Four Treasures of the Sky, a little girl called Shu Shan has many adventures. This book is a powerful example of how individuals can find strength and hope in themselves in adversity. Emotionally gripping and insightful, Four Treasures of the Sky explores themes of self-discovery, family, friendship, love, traditional culture, and triumph over hardship.


The protagonist, May, is a Chinese-American lady who reflects Tinghui Zhang’s investigation of selfhood. May realized the importance of honoring her family’s traditions and expectations and her personal history. May, our protagonist, has been living abroad for a while and is offered the chance to return with her family in China (Sørensen np). Her quest for identity and a growing understanding of herself marks the beginning of a lifelong pursuit. As she is reunited with her loved ones, she faces the realities of being a woman in modern China. May’s time away from home has made it harder for her to integrate with the group and find her place.

Despite everything, May knows full well that a new version of herself had replaced the person she was before she left. She has to choose a choice that will allow her to support her family while honoring her commitment to her Chinese-American heritage and prioritizing her personal growth (Clark 56). As a result of her loved ones’ frequent criticism of her actions, she has a hard time regulating her complex emotions. Her travels have been more challenging because of this. May must reconcile her Chinese heritage with her newfound American identity. May gradually realizes the importance of her Native American roots and seeks a means to reconcile her two rural worlds as the story progresses (Waltner np). She is also aware of the need to consider the potential ripple effects of one’s actions on the lives of others. As May gathers the strength to embrace herself as a Chinese-American woman, she learns to appreciate the depths of her history. Her lifelong struggles may be directly attributed to this fact.


This book takes a multifaceted look at the notion of family. It delves into the intergenerational power dynamics and how they might affect an individual’s identity. The two often argue when it comes to Xianzi’s father, who plays a pivotal role in her family and wants his daughter to follow traditional values. This conflict demonstrates growing power imbalances across generations due to the older generation’s conventional values and the younger generation’s openness to new ideas (Clark 32). The generational power dynamic is reflected in this power struggle. The importance of one’s hometown to the development of a sense of belonging and individuality is another theme of the book. The protagonist, Xianzi, has challenges as she seeks to define her place in her family and prioritize her goals without neglecting her loved ones (Sørensen np). Xianzi is continuously trying to please her loved ones. The story’s moral is that relatives may cause and alleviate household tension.

The role of families in contemporary society is also discussed. Everyone has high hopes for Xianzi since she comes from a powerful family. This indicates broader social dynamics since societies are shaped by the values and norms established by strong families. Xianzi’s struggles to meet these standards symbolize the struggles many individuals endure while attempting to find their place in the world (Sørensen np). The book concludes with a discussion on the value of family in perpetuating traditions and preserving memories. Xianzi is constantly reminded of her ancestors and the significance of tradition in her family (Clark 13). This is a necessary reminder of the significance of families in maintaining rituals and cherished memories, as well as the impact that these things may have on an individual’s sense of identity and sense of community.


This novel examines the value of friendship and how it could serve as a source of fortitude and support. The story discusses the many friendships that may develop between individuals and the value of forging new relationships and recognizing current friendships. Exploring how friendship ties us together in both happy and difficult times is something this book excels at (Sørensen np). Although Fei, Jun, Chen, and Jia have known each other since childhood, their friendship is tested as they all face different challenges as adults. Fei and Jun, for instance, must confront their fears of danger and death to maintain their relationship and look out for one another while serving in the military. Throughout the story, a major theme is courage and strength that come through friendship. The article explores the many channels via which friends may communicate with one another (Waltner np). While Chen and Jia are acquaintances, Fei and Jun have a close bond. Here is an example of how individuals may be linked to one another and how strong relationships can develop even with those who are not as close to you as other group members. The importance of connections is underlined, as well as how hard it may be to maintain them amid disaster (Waltner np). The four friends have to make tough choices that might put their relationship at risk, such as Fei’s choice to remain on the national guard rather than return home. This illustrates how even the strongest friendships may be tested by the burden of personal responsibility, emphasizing the necessity for compassion and support through trying times (Clark 7). A chapter emphasizing the value of valuing time spent with family and friends finishes the book. The four friends’ unflinching support of one another in the face of difficulty serves as a potent reminder of the importance of interpersonal connections.


The novel investigates how love may bridge the gaps that exist between different cultures and time periods. Love can be a tremendous source of strength during tough times, and it may bring people together despite the differences that exist between them. This is seen in the narrative. The reader has the opportunity to broaden their understanding of the power of love and its capacity to bring people together via this investigation (Sørensen np). The narrative of the book is told from the perspective of one family over the course of four different eras, starting with the grandmother and concluding with the granddaughter. Each generation has its way of experiencing love, yet they are all bound by the common thread of their familial ties (Waltner np). The grandmother’s devotion to her family is made clear by the fact that she is resolute in her efforts to preserve the family unit and shield her grandchildren from the perils of the outer world. On the other side, her granddaughter falls in love in a more contemporary manner with a fellow student, and this gives her a new perspective on love. Even though they come from different generations and have had different life experiences, the protagonists all discover that the power of love gives them strength.

The book demonstrates how love is not restricted by national borders or the passage of time. The grandmother, who spent her childhood in a small town in rural China, can connect with her granddaughter, who lives in the present day, although their life situations could not be more different (Sørensen np). The grandmother’s love for her own family is equally powerful and genuine as her granddaughter’s love for the man she loves. This exemplifies that love does not see national borders or the passage of time as barriers to expression. In addition, the text investigates how love may serve as a wellspring of resilience when confronted with adversity (Waltner np). Despite the challenges she faces, the grandmother draws strength from her family’s love for her.

Similarly, the grandchild derives her resilience from her love for her cherished one. These illustrations demonstrate that love can be a strong motivating factor that gives us the strength to persist and triumph despite hardship (Clark 11). The book investigates how love may unite previously disparate individuals. Each family member’s love for the next generation is the glue that holds the family together. This connection is powerful enough to cross the generational and cultural gaps between us. This indicates that love is a strong force that can bring individuals together despite the many ways in which they may differ.

Cultural heritage

Culture and traditions are ideas that have been profoundly imprinted on the minds and hearts of people from all walks of life. It is a concept that is inextricably connected to a person’s history, traditions, and feeling of identity (Sørensen np). The need to monitor one’s growth throughout one’s life is discussed in further depth in the book. It illustrates the ability of a common cultural heritage to bring together and connect persons from various origins (Clark 22). On his travels with Jin, Li encounters people of diverse racial and cultural backgrounds. All of these individuals are connected to the cultural history that she is researching in some manner. She can better communicate with the people closest to her, which, in turn, assists her in adjusting to her new surroundings.

In addition, the book investigates the idea that one’s heritage may be a source of strength while facing adversity. Jin-capacity Li’s ability to draw strength from her cultural heritage is shown by the fact that, despite being forced by a series of trying circumstances to uncover her inner fortitude and sense of identity, she does so successfully (Waltner np). Her acquaintance with her Chinese ancestry and her study of ancient artifacts both help her develop the inner strength necessary to persevere in the face of hardship (Sørensen np). However, the author also examines how a person’s cultural upbringing might work against them. Jin-Li is forced to make difficult decisions at times, such as determining whether or not she would completely embrace the culture of her new home. She will need a strategy to reconcile her two identities and bring her history and present into harmony since these decisions are not always as black and white as they seem to be.

Overcoming adversity

The tale of Lian and Ting exemplifies how one can confront their fears and keep going in the face of adversity. It also considers the value of friendship and the potential synergies between two individuals (Sørensen np). Ultimately, it explores the concept of resilience and how adversity may serve as a source of strength and drive. It is an inspiring and motivating message of hope, demonstrating how far one can go when one puts up enough effort. The two main protagonists, Lian and Ting, are introduced in the opening scene, which takes place in their humble village. Instability in the form of violence, poverty, and drought poses a formidable threat to the villagers (Clark 11). They had to get away to save their lives, but getting there will be difficult and take a long time. They must depend on one another to get through the many robbery attempts and animal assaults they will face on their journey. The girls can safely make it to their new home because of their bravery, determination, and resiliency during the voyage.

The book also delves into the significance of friendship and how two individuals may collaborate effectively. Because of the strength of their friendship, Lian and Ting are able to help one another through difficult times. They have unwavering faith in one another and would lay down their lives to protect one another (Waltner np). They illustrate the power of two individuals working together to overcome adversity, thanks to their bravery and dogged persistence. The story also delves into discovering strength in hardship and using it to your advantage. Lian and Ting persevere despite facing many challenges. They bravely stand up for themselves and win their freedom after a long and arduous struggle. This is an encouraging message about turning hardship into a source of strength and growth. The concept of triumphing over adversity is explored more in this book (Waltner np). Throughout their voyage, Lian and Ting face many challenges but are resilient and refuse to give up. They are unflinching in their pursuit of success and do not let setbacks dampen their spirits. An inspiring and motivating message of hope that demonstrates how brave and determined individuals can triumph over hardship.


The fascinating account of Shu Shan’s travels is used to explore the relevance of these six underlying themes throughout the book. Identity is a significant theme throughout the book’s plot. Li-Jin struggles to accept herself as a person of Chinese ancestry who was reared in the United States. As she feels torn between the two cultures, she must come up with her own means of bridging the gap between them (Sørensen np). Her journey is both a search for self-identity and an effort to settle the tensions between her Chinese and American backgrounds. The value of one’s family is also emphasized extensively. Li-Jin is determined to reconnect with her Chinese family after a lengthy separation. She embarks on a quest to track them down and learn more about her roots. She learns about the importance of family and the strength of the bonds that link them as she spends time with her relatives.

The novel also stresses the value of friendship throughout. Li-Jin meets several helpful people on her journey who point her toward her loved ones and ensure that she returns home safely. As a consequence of these interactions, she learns the value of retaining friendships and appreciates the ones she currently has. Love is another important theme that runs throughout the novel. Eventually, Li-Jin and the person who has been helping her along her journey fall in love with one another (Sørensen np). Li-Jin gains insight into the value of meeting someone who accepts her for who she is and who loves her unconditionally as they get to know each other. Throughout the book, the significance of one’s cultural background is emphasized. Li-Jin learns more about her family’s background and becomes reacquainted with her Chinese heritage. She comes to cherish her roots and takes pride in her Chinese heritage (Waltner np). Last but not least, one of the book’s overarching themes is success in the face of adversity. Li-Jin must confront her past to learn from it and apply that knowledge to her present situation. She must learn to keep her head up high and her strength of character strengths in the face of adversity.

Work Cited

Clark, A. C. (2019). Contemporary chinese artists’ books: New artistic voices in a time of transition. Art Documentation: Journal of the Art Libraries Society of North America34(1), 15–28. https://doi.org/10.1086/680562

Sørensen, Bent. “Let us space”: The Horror of the Iconic Page–Concrete Prose Icons, Chaos and Order in MZ Danielewski’s House of Leaves.” The Fourth Treasure (2018).

Waltner, A. (2023). Four treasures of the sky. Journal of Asian Studies. https://doi.org/10.1215/00219118-10290800

Future-Focused Leadership Drives Sustainable Change At Intel Incorporated Free Essay

The business environment is rapidly changing due to technological advancements that are significantly revolutionizing business operations. Due to this change, sustainable business practices are essential in driving organizational success. Stakeholders in trade and business, like governments and the public, are also pressurizing businesses, especially large multinational organizations, to operate sustainably. This means organizational leaders must use sustainable strategies to ensure their businesses remain competitive and relevant. One sustainable leadership approach for organizational leaders to instill competency and relevance in their organizations is future-focused leadership (Zhang et al., 2022). Future-focused leadership is an approach to leadership that emphasizes long-term thinking and innovation to achieve sustainable change. It entails speculating and adapting to emerging trends, creating a vision for the future, and aligning organizational strategies to achieve that vision. Future-focused leaders prioritize sustainability in their decision-making. Such leaders also use a holistic approach in their decision-making process and are informed by the understanding that their actions significantly impact the success of their organization. This paper will use Intel Incorporated as a case study to explain how future-focused leadership can drive sustainable change in an organization.


Intel Incorporated is a company that deals in communication infrastructure, such as installing microwave and cell towers, distributed antenna systems (DAS), and integration. The company was founded in 1994. It provides turnkey services in the Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex market for its client, T-Mobile, one of the leading telecommunication service providers in the US. However, during the last quarter of 2022, this company’s CEO and advisory board observed slow and uncertain contracts from T-Mobile, which was impacting the company’s profit margin. As a result, the CEO proposed contracting the services of a business development strategist to determine the ideal way the organization should change its approach to a more sustainable business approach. The consultant recommended several strategies for Intel Incorporated to implement sustainable change during periods of slow work contracts. These strategies include diversifying services, focusing on sustainability, investing in employee training, improving project management processes, and building strong relationships. Using a future-focused leadership in this context is essential in implementing the strategies the consultant recommends to achieve change in the company.

Literature Review

Various literature on leadership approaches demonstrates that the future-focused leadership approach is one of the most effective change leadership approaches, especially in instigating sustainable change. Several key principles characterize the future-focused leadership approach. The first aspect of the principle is long-term thinking (Munby, 2020). This aspect entails developing sustainable and achievable long-term goals. Future-focused leaders prioritize long-term goals and outcomes. This aspect is pegged on the realization that recognizing that sustainable change in an organization is likely to take a significant amount of time, usually from one to five years. The second principle of this leadership approach is that it focuses on innovation (Gausmann & Lima Ricci, 2020). Leaders who use this approach encourage creativity among employees. They also encourage their juniors to experiment with new ideas. Such leaders embrace risk-taking to drive innovation and adapt to changing circumstances. In addition, this type of leadership entails collaboration to accommodate diverse perspectives and promote cross-functional teamwork as one of its key aspects. Lastly, future-focused leadership focuses on sustainability as one of its key aspects by recognizing that environmental, social, and economic factors are interdependent and must be considered in decision-making.

Scholars on business and organizational leadership and success also study the relationship between future-focused leadership and sustainable change. Various studies demonstrate that organizations with future-focused leaders are more likely to adopt sustainable practices and achieve long-term success. For example, companies led by sustainability-focused leaders often outperform their competitors in financial performance and environmental and social impact (Serafeim, 2020). Future-focused leaders are better prepared to adapt to changing market conditions and drive innovation than leaders who focus on the present. Therefore, current literature demonstrates that future-focused leadership is a key driver for sustainable change; hence organizations that use this leadership approach are more likely to succeed in the long term than organizations that use other types of leadership.

Over the years, various organizations have implemented sustainable change using different approaches and strategies, leading to organizational success. Patagonia is an example of such an organizations. Patagonia is a leading outdoor apparel company and is a pioneer in sustainable business practices (Angerer et al., 2022). The company’s environmental and social responsibility commitment is integral to its success. In 2011, Patagonia launched its “Common Threads Initiative,” which aimed at reducing the environmental impact of its products by encouraging customers to buy only what they need, repair broken items, and recycle items that cannot be repaired (Rattalino, 2018). This initiative was based on the company’s belief that “making high-quality products that last a long time without getting out of style is the most responsible way of ensuring sustainability.” Therefore, Patagonia’s sustainability programs demonstrate that recognizing the need for change and embracing future-focused leadership effectively fosters sustainable change in organizations.

Interface Inc., a global commercial flooring manufacturer, is also an organization that has implemented sustainable change using future-focused leadership. In the early 1990s, Interface’s leadership recognized the need to reduce its environmental impact and set a goal to become a “sustainable enterprise” by 2020. In a bid to achieve this goal, the company developed a set of sustainability principles that it dubbed “Mission Zero.” The principles aimed to eliminate waste, reduce energy consumption, and use renewable resources (Van Koert et al., 2019). Over the years, Interface has made significant progress toward its Mission Zero goal. Subsequently, the company has evolved into a global leader in sustainable manufacturing. Therefore, Interface’s sustainability principles demonstrate that recognizing the need for change and embracing future-focused leadership is one of the most effective ways of creating sustainable organizational change.

Like Patagonia and Interface, Unilever’s future-focused leadership that has driven sustainable change in the organization over the years also demonstrates that recognizing the need for change and embracing future-focused leadership to realize sustainable organizational change is the standard operative on what Intel Incorporated needs for changes. Unilever, a multinational consumer goods company, has, over the years, made sustainability a key part of its business strategy (Jansen, 2018). The company implemented the “Sustainable Living Plan,” which aimed to reduce the company’s environmental footprint and improve the lives of the human population worldwide. Unilever also works closely with suppliers and other stakeholders to drive sustainability throughout its value chain. The three organizations demonstrate the importance of sustainable change for organizations. Their sustainability efforts also show that organizations should manage their impact on the environment, improve their reputation, and enhance their long-term competitiveness and profitability by incorporating sustainable practices into their operations.

Changes That Intel Incorporated Needs to Change

Intel Incorporated faces the threat of slow and uncertain contracts from T-Mobile, adversely impacting its profit margin. This means that Intel Incorporated must make several sustainable changes to change and regain its profit margins. The first change that the company needs to make is diversifying its services. Intel Incorporated should diversify its services by offering new services or expanding its existing services to acquire a bigger market share (Statsenko & de Zubielqui, 2020). This change would help the company to avoid relying too heavily on its sole client, T-Mobile. The change would also help the company to weather fluctuations and disruptions occurring in the telecommunication business due to factors like rapid technological advancements in the field. The company should invest in providing additional services like renewable energy installation, green building practices, or specialized construction services.

The second change that Intel Incorporated needs to change is to focus on sustainability. The company should focus on sustainable practices and incorporate environmentally friendly materials and practices in their work. This would help the organization appeal to environmentally conscious clients and open up new markets. Adopting sustainable practices such as reducing waste, using renewable energy, and using environmentally friendly building materials would also help to reduce costs and increase efficiency in the organization (Khan et al., 2021). Third, the company should invest in employee training and development programs to increase the skills and capabilities of its workforce. The company should implement such programs during periods of slow work contracts to ensure that employees have enough time to improve their skills and increase their knowledge. This change will help employees improve their competitiveness through improved skills and the ability to engage in new projects when new contracts are available. Employee training in this context includes training in new technologies, leadership, and project management.

Improving project management processes is the fourth change that Intel Incorporated needs to change. The company should improve its project management processes to reduce costs and increase efficiency. This change would include adopting new technologies in the company’s operations and improving communication within the company and with external stakeholders like shareholders. In addition, this change would entail encouraging collaboration among team members and streamlining administrative processes (Kerzner, 2017). Implementing this change is crucial in helping the company to reduce the risk of project delays and increase customer satisfaction. Lastly, building strong relationships with suppliers, clients, and partners is an essential change that Intel Incorporated needs to change. This change would significantly increase the likelihood of winning future contracts. It would entail investing in marketing and outreach efforts such as advertising, attending industry conferences and events for more interaction with industry stakeholders, and providing satisfactory customer service to existing clients. Building strong relationships with clients and industry stakeholders will significantly increase Intel Incorporated’s chances of securing long-term contracts and creating a positive reputation within the industry.

Why Intel Incorporated Needs to Implement the Changes

Implementing the changes is important for Intel Incorporated in several ways. For example, diversifying services will help the company to reduce its dependence on its current client, T-Mobile. Providing services to a single major client makes the company vulnerable to the client’s business fluctuations and decisions. Therefore, expanding its services will enable the organization to attract new customers and create new revenue streams, which will help to mitigate the risks associated with relying on a single client. Focusing on sustainability will help the company to appeal to environmentally conscious clients, as such clients are more likely to work with contractors who prioritize sustainability (De Silva et al., 2021). Focusing on sustainability will also help the company to reduce its environmental impact and comply with regulations, which adds to sustainability. In addition, sustainable practices will result in cost savings, such as reducing energy consumption or waste.

Investing in employee training will improve the skills and capabilities of the company’s workforce, leading to increased productivity, better quality work, and improved customer satisfaction. It will also help increase employee retention and motivation, as employees are more likely to feel valued if they receive training and development opportunities from their employer. In addition, improving project management processes will help increase efficiency and reduce costs, increasing Intel Incorporated’s competitiveness and attractiveness to clients. Adopting new technologies and improving communication and collaboration among team members will help the company to streamline its processes and reduce the risk of errors or delays, leading to improved organizational outcomes (Rejeb et al., 2018). Lastly, building strong relationships with suppliers, clients, and partners will help the company secure new contracts and maintain competitiveness. Investing in marketing and outreach efforts, attending industry conferences and events, and providing excellent customer service, will ensure that the company improves its image and help increase the organization’s chances of getting new business.

Implementing the Change

Intel Incorporated can successfully implement the changes required to achieve sustainable change in several ways. Using Kotter’s Change Management Framework is one of the ways that the company can implement the change. The framework provides a structured approach that ensures all stakeholders are engaged and motivated to support the change initiative and that the changes are embedded into the organization’s culture and systems. The framework consists of eight steps that Intel Incorporated will follow to successfully implement the necessary changes required to achieve sustainable change in the company. The first step is establishing a sense of urgency (Malaga et al., 2021). This step entails creating a compelling reason why the change is necessary and urgent. For example, the slow and uncertain contracts from T-Mobile provide a sense of urgency for change. The aim is to ensure that all stakeholders understand the urgency of the situation and the need for change. In the case of Intel Incorporated, this step will include communicating the potential consequences of failing to implement the recommended changes, such as loss of revenue, decreased market share, inability to attract new clients, and a dwindling company reputation. Communicating the urgency of the situation will ensure that all stakeholders understand the need for change.

The second step is forming a powerful coalition. This step involves identifying and forming a team of influential individuals to help drive the change initiative (Bekmukhambetova, 2021). This team should include individuals from different levels and departments within the organization, and they should have a shared vision and commitment to achieving the desired change. In Intel incorporated, the CEO and the advisory board will play the crucial role in leading the coalition, which will include employees from different departments and levels within the organization, project managers, engineers, business development executives, and other relevant stakeholders. A powerful coalition will create a concerted effort to achieve sustainable change goals. The third step is creating a vision for change, which entails developing a clear and concise vision for the change initiative (Rajan & Ganesan, 2017). The change leader should effectively communicate the change vision to all stakeholders. In addition, the change vision should align with the overall goals and objectives of the organization. At Intel Incorporated, the team driving the change should start by identifying the key drivers behind the need for change, such as the slow and uncertain contracts from T-Mobile. The team would then develop a clear and compelling vision for the change initiative that aligns with the organization’s goals and objectives based on these drivers.

Communicating the vision is the fourth step when using Kotter’s Change Management Framework to implement organizational change (Haas et al., 2020). Communication is crucial in ensuring stakeholders understand and embrace the vision for change. The team tasked with driving the change should use different communication channels to convey the message of change effectively. The team should also ensure all stakeholders are engaged and motivated to support the change initiative. At Intel Incorporated, the change team should use various communication channels such as meetings, emails, newsletters, and online platforms to communicate the vision for change to stakeholders. The team should also provide regular updates on the progress of the change initiative and address any concerns or questions from stakeholders. The sixth step is empowering others to act on the vision (Rajan & Ganesan, 2017). This step involves removing barriers or obstacles preventing stakeholders from actualizing the vision. It entails providing employees with resources, training, and support to ensure they have the skills and knowledge to implement the change.

The sixth step is creating short-term wins. This step entails creating small, achievable goals that can be accomplished in the short term to demonstrate progress and build momentum for the change initiative (Rajan & Ganesan, 2017). These wins help to keep stakeholders motivated and engaged in the change process. The seventh step is consolidating gains and producing more change. After achieving short-term goals, the change team should continue building on the momentum and work towards achieving more significant and long-lasting changes. This involves revisiting the vision for change and making adjustments as necessary. Lastly, implementing change using Kotter’s Change Management Framework entails anchoring new approaches in the organization’s culture (Boff & Cardwell, 2020). The change team should work to embed the new approaches and ways of working into the organization’s culture and systems. This entails ensuring that the changes are sustainable and that they become part of the organization’s daily operations. For instance, if Intel Incorporated focuses on sustainability, it should incorporate sustainability metrics into its performance evaluation system. The company’s leadership should also create a sustainability team responsible for monitoring and reporting on the organization’s progress toward sustainability goals.


In conclusion, Intel Incorporated can achieve sustainable change through future-focused leadership. Such leadership would help the company achieve sustainable change by helping the company to focus on diversifying services, promoting sustainability, investing in employee training, streamlining project management processes, and building strong relationships with stakeholders such as clients. In addition, Intel Incorporated can implement sustainable change by using Kotter’s Change Management Framework to establish a sense of urgency, form a powerful coalition, create a vision for change, communicate the vision, empower others to act on the vision, create short-term wins, consolidate gains and produce more change, and anchor new approaches in the organization’s culture. Following these steps would be essential in helping Intel to successfully navigate the change process and create a more sustainable and profitable future. However, Intel must continuously monitor and adjust its approach to ensure sustainable changes align with its goals and objectives.


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