Faith In God Prayer And Healing From Illness Homework Essay Sample

Christian Science is the belief that a person can be healed of their sickness or injury through faith and prayer. Christian Scientists do not resort to traditional medicine for treatment of illnesses, instead they believe faith in God and the use of prayer can heal the sick. Mary Baker Eddy founded the Church of Christ, Scientist and the Christian Science movement in 1866 after a spiritual revelation she claimed to have had while reading the Bible. Mary Baker Eddy, at that time, had suffered a fall that had left her with several severe physical injuries which traditional medicine wasnt able to treat. She claimed that through the revelation the scriptures provided her she was able to heal herself.

In 1875, Mary Baker Eddy published Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures as a guide to the use of the healing powers of God through the scriptures. Science and Health with Key to Scriptures states that, as there is a natural law that governs the universe, there is also a spiritual law that was established by God that is witnessed through Jesus Christs healing of the sick. Christian Science healing comes through scientific prayer, or spiritual communion with God. Prayer is used to recognize a patient’s direct access to God’s love through the consistent operation of God’s law of health and wholeness on his behalf. It knows God, or divine Mind, as the only healer. It brings the transforming action of Christ, the idea of divine Love, to the patient’s consciousness. A transformation or spiritualization of a patient’s thoughts changes his condition (Science and Health, p. 194:6). Christian Scientists believe that sin, disease, and death does not originate in God, who is eternal good. Death and disease are not ultimate realities of God’s creation and are to be overcome as Jesus taught and illustrated. Christian Scientists believe that those evils result from the belief that man is separated from God and thus that life and substance exist only as matter, therefore limited and temporal. Instead, Christian Scientists believe life and substance are seen as extensions of the Holy Spirit, which is God, therefore unlimited and eternal.

Christian Scientists live by a set of tenants that were set forth by the Church of Christ, Scientist founder Mary Baker Eddy. The tenants are as follows:1. As adherents of Truth, we take the inspired Word of the Bible as our sufficient guide to eternal Life. 2. We acknowledge and adore one supreme and infinite God. We acknowledge His Son, one Christ; the Holy Ghost or divine Comforter; and man in God’s image and likeness. 3. We acknowledge God’s forgiveness of sin in the destruction of sin and the spiritual understanding that casts out evil as unreal. But the belief in sin is punished so long as the belief lasts. 4. We acknowledge Jesus’ atonement as the evidence of divine, efficacious Love, unfolding man’s unity with God through Christ Jesus the Way-shower; and we acknowledge that man is saved through Christ, through Truth, Life, and Love as demonstrated by the Galilean Prophet in healing the sick and overcoming sin and death. 5. We acknowledge that the crucifixion of Jesus and his resurrection served to uplift faith to understand eternal Life, even the allness of Soul, Spirit, and the nothingness of matter. 6. And we solemnly promise to watch, and pray for that Mind to be in us which was also in Christ Jesus; to do unto others as we would have them do unto us; and to be merciful, just, and pure.

Christian Scientists claim that the practice of Christian Science does not involve hypnotism, spiritualism, or suggestion. It is not the control of one human mind over another, nor the exercise of human will or positive thinking. The practice of Christian Science supposedly employs no formulas, chants, or rituals, no esoteric practices or secret writings. Although they claim faith is an important element in the healing process, the healing process itself does not rest on blind belief, but on the ever-increasing understanding of the present perfection of God’s spiritual creation. Christian Scientists claim this is a practical and essential difference between Christian Science and what is generally considered faith healing today. Christian Scientists argue that they are not a cult and that they always have freedom of choice in caring for themselves and their families, just as anyone who normally resorts to medical care could choose to use spiritual means. When someone joins the Christian Science Church, he or she has determined to follow the Christian Science way of life. If an individual departs from the use of Christian Science by choosing some other kind of treatment, he or she is supposedly neither condemned by the Church nor dropped from membership. There are many differences in the beliefs of Christian Scientists as compared to traditional mainstream religion. For example, Christian Scientists do not practice traditional Christian sacraments such as communion or baptism, with what they claim as outward symbols or ceremony. To Christian Scientists, baptism means the daily, ongoing purification of thought and deed and not an actual event. Eucharist is spiritual communion with God, celebrated by Christian Scientists through silent prayer and Christian living. While Christian Scientists do believe in an existence after death, they do not believe in Heaven and hell as specific destinations one reaches after death, but as states of thought, experienced in varying degrees here and now, as well as after death. BibliographyEddy, Mary Baker. 1875. Science and Health, with Key to the Scriptures. Christian ScienceBraden, Charles S. 1958. Christian Science Today: Power, Policy, Practice. SMU Mead, Frank S. 1985. Handbook of Denominations in the United States. Abingdon, 8th ed.

Comptons Interactive Encyclopedia, 1997.

Leading With My Chin By: Jay Leno

Jay Leno is quite an inspiring man. Through his childhood years was lonely yet happy boy. He was forced upon his parents to do certain things he did not want, but he did it until he was forced in not doing it. Jay Leno had a hilarious life growing up and his adventures still reign with him. His most humorous days were his childhood. He was also very mysterious when he was around his friends. Jay Leno wrote this book for many reasons. He wanted to show the world that he came from being a nobody from nowhere to one of the most well known people on the planet. While writing this book Jay Leno recounted many of the ridiculous steps and missteps that have led him on what may be the unlikeliest of paths, from college campuses to Carnegie Hall to Las Vegas and, finally, the Tonight Show. Jay reveals his in his wholesome Andover, Massachusetts, the way he grew up. He was the son of a Scottish mother, and an Italian father. Im half-breed of the oddest sort: one part Scottish, one part Italian. The combination makes no sense. Because each side is couldnt be more diametrically opposed. His experiences with his parents are hilarious like the time his parents hosted a dinner party, and little Jay was supposed to be asleep, and he wanted to make a scene so that everyone would be impressed with him. Little Jay climbed and swung on the chandelier and then flew right down in the middle of the table. His parents flew him to the hospital where he had to have his ruptured spleen, repaired. Although the extent of the book is really entertaining, there is nothing really deep in this book. He doesnt convey many personal feelings, doesnt gossip or put any one down like Howard Stern. The weird thing about his book is that Jay ends this book right when the story is seeming to get interesting, right when he is about to introduce Tom Cruise on his show, and he is about to take over the Tonight Show. When Jay was growing up his father made him attend such activities and sports such as football, baseball, the boy scouts and so on. Jay hated all things his father made him do. His experiences of getting out of these situations are hysterical. Times such as the time his father bought him a fishing pole and Jay had some kind of master plan to please his father. The idea made me sick. Then one day at school I heard some kids talk about catching a lot of fish. I said, wheres a lot of fish? They said, Theyre draining this lake near our house and there are all these fish there! I figured that if the lake is drained, fish have to be flipping around everywhere. How hard could this be? The story ends up that the fish were rotten and he told his mother the truth, while his father thought they were gonna have a fish dinner that night. His mother threw the fish away and went to the market to get fresh ones, and his father never noticed the difference.

Now, I never liked joining groups, and the boyscouts in particular worried me because you required to attend meetings wearing uniforms with shorts. And, worse a neckerchief! I couldnt have looked dorkier. As you may see he wasnt into many activities either.

All of the things that had happened to Jay Leno had to happen for a reason or else he wouldnt be the person he is today. The things that happened to him were unbelievable but in some way it fell into place and made him the way he is today. Throughout the book, Jay wrote a lighter side to Leno, as opposed to the All-American image we see on TV As Jay explains in the book, it consists mainly of short, humorous episodes as he works his way up through he ranks as a stand-up comedian. In reading the account, we see that he truly has paid dues and deserves to be where he is today. Conversely, he spends a lot of time relating his childhood misadventures, most of that are amusing but has little to do with growing up.

Nature As A Mood Controlling Device

Nature relates to everyone. For this reason it is one of the most frequently found elements in literature. Nature embodies the human spirit and the human emotional spectrum. In “Nature” Emerson suggests that, “Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind and that state of mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance its picture”. Nature has been described as “the world’s body, through which they authors speak in concrete terms their perceptions of themselves and the world”. Kate Chopin uses nature as a symbol of her characters’ spirits. The moods, emotions and actions of the characters are reflected in their natural surroundings. Three of her works in which nature plays a vital role are “Ripe Figs”, “The Awakening”, and “The Storm”. Nature is liberating, sensual, deceptive, isolating, and cyclic in each of these pieces.

Chopin uses nature as a medium through which to set her characters free. In “Ripe Figs”, Maman Nainaine will only allow Babbette to visit her relatives when the figs ripen. Maman Nainaine associates Babbette’s independence with events in nature. When the figs have matured then Babbette is mature enough to handle the responsibility of a little freedom. Similarly, in “The Awakening” the ocean provides Edna with a sort of freedom. In the beginning of the novella Edna struggles with swimming. “A certain ungovernable dread hung about her in the water, unless there was a hand nearby that might reach out and reassure her”.At the same time she is oppressed by her husband and submissive to society’s expectations of her. She is afraid to make it on her own; she feels she needs her husband as support. One evening Edna decides to take a chance and tries to swim alone.

Her success gives her a feeling of exultation, ” . . . as if some power of significant import had been given her to control the working of her body and her soul” . Simultaneous with her newfound ability to swim comes Edna’s ability to see herself as an independent woman, an entity entirely separate from her husband. The water unfettered her. Likewise, in “The Storm”, the thunderstorm is what keeps Calixta’s husband away from home and what drives Alce into her arms. The wall of water acts as a barrier between Calixta and her husband. She is able to forget her husband and child, her responsibilities, for a short period of time. During the storm she is a passionate, desirable woman. She is no longer just a housewife and mother. Ultimately the rain extricates Calixta from the bonds of her marriage. In all of these texts, nature provides a means of escape. As Emerson once said, “Nature is made to conspire with the spirit to emancipate us” .

Nature also helps to create sensuous images throughout Chopin’s texts. The description of the development of the figs in “Ripe Figs” has a sensuous nature. The maturation of the figs parallels the blossoming of a girl into a woman. The figs begin “like little hard, green marbles” and become “plump”, “fringed . . . with rich, green leaves”. Babbette is growing together with the figs. Similar imagery is used in The Awakening. “The voice of the sea speaks to the soul. The touch of the sea is sensuous, enfolding the body in its soft, close embrace” (The Awakening 17). Swimming in the sea leads Edna to the awakening of her own sensuality. Often when Edna is near the ocean or speaks of the ocean she thinks of her past romantic fantasies. For example, towards the beginning of the story Edna and her friend Adle Ratignolle are sitting on the beach watching the waves while Edna relates the tales of her past love affairs. Just as the sea invoked Edna’s sensuality so does it end it.

Edna drowns herself by swimming too far away from shore. The progression of the storm mimics the progression of the love affair between Alce and Calixta. The rain begins softly then builds until “water is beating upon the boards in driving sheetsand the playing of the lightning is incessant”. Then almost as quickly as the storm starts, “the rain is over; and the sun is turning the glistening green world into a place of gems”. Calixta and Alce make love to the rhythm of the storm. Their encounter is initiated with an embrace, followed by a kiss. Shortly thereafter events happen quickly and forcefully. “The generous abundance of her passion . . . was like a white flame which penetrated and found response in depths of his own sensuousness” . After they are finished, they lay peacefully together. She relaxes him by stroking his shoulders with a “soothing rhythm”, a sensuous gesture.

Nature can be soothing and sensuous, but Chopin sometimes has nature take on a deceptive role as well. In “Ripe Figs”, the figs ripened very early according to Maman Nainaine. However, Babette thought that they ripened very late. In The Awakening, whenever Edna visits the ocean she begins to have romantic thoughts. She visits there often with Robert. It is here that she thinks of the possibility of the two of them sharing a life together. In reality this will never happen because Robert understands and ultimately adheres to the Creole ethical code. If she were to think rationally, she would know that she does not have real feelings for Robert and that he will never allow her to leave her husband. She also speaks and thinks of her romantic dreams when she is by the ocean. The sea helps her to forget reality. She confides in Adele about her past infatuations one day while they are sitting on the beach. Edna speaks dreamily of love until Robert comes with her children. They leave the beach and Edna snaps back into reality. The rain in “The Storm” allows Calixta and Alce to have a rendezvous. It deceives them into thinking it is acceptable because they have been allowed the opportunity to forget their responsibilities. The storm is the reason Calixta’s family is away. It aids the couple in their deception of their spouses.

Chopin also uses nature as a means of portraying a sense of isolation. This imagery is less apparent in “Ripe Figs” than in the other two Chopin works. However, Babbette was isolated from everyone save Maman Nainaine until the figs were ripe. The Ocean, in The Awakening, separates Grand Isle from the mainland secluding the guests. The choice of an island as a setting for this story is effective because Edna feels alienated and alone since none of the Creole men or women understands her plight. Just as the ocean separates the island from the mainland, so does Edna’s sensuality estrange her from society. Edna is a white woman in a society completely composed of Creoles. She is isolated because of her race as well. Isolation also plays a role in “The Storm”.The rain is the natural occurrence that separates Calixta from her family. The storm provides the pair their first private visit since Calixta’s marriage. The rain provides a sort of wall, separating Calixta and Arobin from their families and responsibilities. Moreover, Chopin’s use of a storm creates an atmosphere where everything outside of Calixta’s house is foggy and unreal. The rain is described as “obscuring the view of the far-off cabins and enveloping the distant woods in a gray mist” (The Storm 28). Hence, The rain isolates the two and makes their obligations seem unreal and far away.

Chopin uses descriptions of nature still further as an effective way to demonstrate how the cycles that occur in people mimic those in the natural world. In “Ripe Figs”, the fruit must complete its life cycle before Babbette is allowed to visit her relatives. The figs start as “little, hard green marbles” hanging from “tender” leaves (Ripe Figs 3). The ripening of the figs exemplifies the cyclic workings of nature. Youthfulness evolves into maturity. This example applies to humanity as well. Babbette is as tender as the leaves as the story begins and Chopin creates the impression that at the close of the story Babbette’s youthfulness has been replaced with maturity. When this happens, Babbette is seen as “ripe” enough by Maman to be allowed the independence of visiting her relatives. The changing of the seasons in “The Awakening” patterns Edna’s changes within herself. The story starts out in spring/summer when everything is blooming and alive. Life is being renewed after the cold, sterile winter. Edna is reborn in her newly found independence and self-awareness. The story ends in the winter. Everything is bleak and stark. The beach where Edna eventually commits suicide is barren, “no living thing in sight” (Awakening 152). This setting creates a somber, lifeless mood. Edna drowns herself, thus completing the cycle. Life ends in death. Spring ends in winter.

All three of these works deal with women coming into their own. Each protagonist goes through a rite of passage; achieves a higher level of self-understanding. Nature assists these women in crossing the threshold to maturity and understanding. The ripening of the figs helps Babbette understand when she is mature enough to take on some responsibility. The sea allows Edna to realize her own independent and sensuous nature. The rainstorm shows Calixta a passionate side of her self. Chopin effectively compares the passion and vitality of external nature to that of human nature. Nature is a very powerful way to illuminate the human emotional spectrum because everyone has experienced nature and can relate to it. Chopin uses the idea of nature in many ways throughout her writing.As well as allowing women to come to a better understanding of themselves, nature served many other roles. It was emancipating, sensual, deceptive and isolating.

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