This introduction is all about the brief description about our business, products, services and our objectives. We feel that its always a great time to go and have fun in a resort wherein a private beach is present. That’s why we’ve come up with a great idea to choose to set up and plan on putting up a Mini Club Resort called “Spasso Resort Club”. For such reason, first, a peak season for a resort. Many people seeks pleasure and because of that reason, we decided to plan out a resort which gives satisfaction to the customers’ desires and needs in which the products and services are provided. Second, a result in increase of income.
And third, a venue that can hold such occasions such as Parties, Weddings, Reunions and Other Indoor and Outdoor Activities. The incentive of what the customer benefited from our products and services would be most highly granted and we would always ensure that it would please them. We would provide them our best services by entertaining them with our multi-activities held such as snorkelling, swimming in pool or beach, lounge area, and etc. We would also ensure that we can be able to satisfy their wants and needs wherein they would always feel at ease with our services that we would render to them.
The only reason that keeps in our minds is to make every hunger of satisfaction worth it to the customers. We decided on those kinds of services because we feel that we should be quenching the thirst of wants and needs of the customer. We would also identify all the problems that bothers them and we shall make sure that the solution is available at our resort through observations and approaching the customer to know anything that interests them. As we find out the answers to their problem or desire, we would certainly manage to maintain and promote the products and services needed by the customers.
We based our decision of products and services through wants and needs of the customers. Spasso Resort club is a place used for relaxation or recreation, attracting visitors for holidays or vacations. Its location is placed near Ladies Beach because of a breath taking air which is kind of far from crowded places. It is a self-contained resort attempts to provide for most of a vacationer’s wants while remaining on the premises, such as food, drink, lodging, sports, entertainment, and shopping. We would certainly give our best to serve you because every members or guests deserve it.
Our employees will ensure you that they have the friendly side that will make you feel with special treatment. We have great new facilities with high quality as well. A great place to meet new people… friendly staff help keep things in order to prevent unwanted harassment – something that happens frequently elsewhere. Updates are constantly being made to keep The Resort state of the art – all in all, a true winner. The Resort would be the gateway to literally dozens of new friendships and it would be a great way for lots of people to connect with new friends with whom they would have a lot in common.
Our Main Goals and Objectives Our first objective is to ensure that we could be able to provide the customer’s satisfaction by providing friendly employees to be able to serve them better. It is also our goal to prove financial strategies relevant in today’s economy. We should also make sure that our “Key Strategy” is presently focused on financing. Our “Key People Objective” is centred on the financial reality in the resort business (especially those with leisure real estate). Our Key Major Goal in the short run is to address funding and maximize cash flow. Most of all, our main goal is to be successful at this project so that we could give a better service to all the members and guests.
We would be using a lot of styles to attract more customers to our resort. First of all, we would maintain all the staffs to be friendly to every people who comes by. We would also show our good qualities of products and great new facilities that we serve to you and we would give our best to serve you. We would also sacrifice most of our time to learn every detail which relates to our job so that when we work, we can apply it to you, knowing all the techniques, and so we can do our job well done.
Services would mostly include Accommodations, Recreations, Dining, and Meetings & Banquets. In our Accommodations List, anyone can rent rooms and small cottages or townhomes based on their wants. They can either choose on the following types of accommodations: Standard Rooms Your standard room features two comfortable double sized beds perfect for a small family or two people sharing a room. Deluxe Rooms Your deluxe room features two comfortable and spacious queen-sized beds ideal for a small family, two couples or two people sharing a room. Junior Suites
Looking for additional conveniences and comforts of home? Junior Suites offer rooms with either two Queen beds or one King bed with two twin sized pull-out sofas, breakfast table with two chairs, two burner stove and full size dishwasher. The perfect room when you want to stay a little longer! Suites Suites offer a view of Tampa Bay and the Sunshine Skyway and include separate living rooms and bedrooms. Bedrooms feature King beds,19” color cable televisions, private oversized bathroom facilities with granite countertops, twin sinks, private vanity area and extra large whirlpool tub.
The living area includes a queen size pull out sofa/sleeper with coffee table and two comfortable chairs, coffee maker, microwave, mini refrigerator, 19” color cable television, breakfast table with four chairs, two burner stove, sink and full size dishwasher. The perfect hotel room that feels like home – you’ll never want to leave! 2 & 3 Bedroom Townhomes If you are looking for a larger accommodation with separate living spaces, there are several townhome choices available for our guests.
Our fully furnished two and three bedroom townhomes are three stories tall and offer all of the comforts of home with marina or bay views. The master suite features a King size bed and the additional bedroom(s) have either a single queen bed and/or two twin beds. Two private bathrooms include available granite countertops. Additional amenities include two 19” color televisions, a living area, dining area and full size kitchen with a stove, dishwasher, refrigerator, stackable washer and dryer. It also includes recreation in the Services List.
Here are tons of examples of recreational activities inside the resort: No matter how you choose to spend your time, we have an option for you at The Resort & Club at Spasso Resort Club. Relax and enjoy our half mile stretch of secluded, white sandy beach. Take a dip in one of three heated pools and two Jacuzzis. Feeling competitive? Shoot hoops, play beach volleyball or play tennis on one of our three tennis courts. The entire family will enjoy themselves on our 250 foot fishing pier, children’s playground, shuffleboard court, horseshoe field, or in one of our two fitness centers.
Boaters arrive in paradise with deep-water access, 201 wet-slips, 220 high and dry slips, on-site fuel dock, bait and tackle store, fully stocked ship’s store, and boat trailer parking with near-by boat ramp and flats and deep sea fishing, snorkeling, scuba diving and calm waters for skiing, wakeboarding and tubing. Looking for water access, but didn’t bring your own boat? Then rent one of our waverunners, kayaks, Hobie-Cat sailboats, windsurfers or paddleboats. Pools & Jacuzzi The Resort & Club at Spasso Resort Club offers three heated pools and two Jacuzzis.
The Marina side pool and Jacuzzi are located on the east side of the resort with expansive views of the resort marina, harbor and nature preserve. The third heated pool and Jacuzzi are located on the Amenity Level of the Harborside Resort Condominium and afford our guests spectacular views of the whole resort. All locations offer a generous amount of lounge chairs and shaded tables with umbrellas. Complimentary pool towels available at all locations. Massage Therapy What could be better than a 30 or 60 minute massage with a licensed Massage Therapist?
We offer you a choice of location — bayfront, in our specially appointed, private gazebo or in our massage treatment room. You may also choose from a Relaxation, Deep Tissue, or Therapeutic massage, or a Reflexology treatment, while enjoying the gentle breezes of Corniche Beach and our beautiful, tropical island surroundings! Marina & Boating Large or small, sail or power, fishing or pleasure —life on the water at The Resort &Club at Spasso Resort Club is a boater’s paradise. You’ll find deep-water access, 201 wet slips, 220 high and dry bays, on-site fuel dock, bait and tackle store, fully stocked ship’s store, and boat trailer parking.
Calm waters for skiing, wake boarding, tubing and some of the finest flats fishing is just moments from our marinas. Deep sea fishing, snorkeling and scuba diving are all readily accessible. Wet slips are available to resort guests during their stay. Tennis Come swing on our three cold-lay tennis courts and take advantage of the complimentary ball machine. Don’t worry if you forgot your racquet, as equipment and tennis balls are available to our guests at the Inn Front Desk, all free of charge. On-call tennis pros are available for tennis lessons.
Please call the Front Desk to inquire about tennis lessons. Our courts are perfect for day play or lit for night play, with a large gallery seating area for the spectators at your big match. Tennis courts are also complimentary for resort guests! Fitness Center Spasso Resort Club offers our guests two fitness centers. One is located adjacent to the tennis courts just across from the Inn Front Desk and the second is located on the Amenity Level of the Spasso Resort Condominium. Both are complete with the finest in aerobic and low-impact exercise equipment.
Treadmills, bicycles, elliptical machines, and free weights complete the array of work-out equipment you can use to stay in shape, all while enjoying views of Corniche Beach & of course, use of the fitness centers is complimentary to resort guests. Secluded Beach Relax and enjoy our half-mile stretch of secluded, white sandy beach while the calm waters of Corniche Beach wash ashore. Enjoy umbrellas, chaise lounges, two sand volleyball courts and the glorious sunset view available only on the South Shore of Corniche Beach at Spasso Resort Club. Umbrellas, chaise lounge chairs and towels are complimentary for resort guests.
Watercraft Rentals Didn’t bring your own watercraft? Then rent one of ours. We offer an entire fleet of waverunners, kayaks, Hobie-cat sailboats, windsurfers and paddleboats. Boatworks at Spasso Resort Club also offers our guests a terrific (and educational) Eco Jet Ski Tour. Just click on the rental pricing link for more information. This is your chance to explore the Corniche Beach area! Snorkeling & SCUBA Diving Swim under the sea to view some of the finest west coast underwater life just moments away from our dock. Located at the Spasso Resort Club is beautiful shallow water snorkeling, and SCUBA diving.
For the more adventurous, head out just a few miles into the Corniche Beach for natural and artificial reef diving. Recreational Areas: Fishing Pier, Playground, Beach Volleyball Your family and friends will love the waterside fenced-in children’s playground. Get competitive on our beach volleyball and a full size basketball courts. Don’t forget the more leisurely games of horseshoes and shuffle board. Or you can take your little fishermen to our 250 foot fishing pier that provides great access to the sea right on Corniche Beach. Furthermore, Banquets are also available in our resort.
We’ve also managed to put up these kinds of spaces available for parties, banquets, weddings, and etc. to give our customers a place to hold their special occasions with their loved ones without going out of the resort. Here are some of our features of our Banquet Halls: Meetings & Banquets Location is one of the keys to holding a successful meeting, conference or banquet. The Caribbean-Style Island Resort at the Spasso Resort Club provides the ideal location to accommodate small to medium sized meetings, conferences and special event banquets where your enjoyment is our only focus.
Whether a high level conference for twenty, a national sales meeting for 150 or that once in a lifetime wedding for 200, let our professional and detail oriented catering and conference services staff create the perfect event around the perfect location. Banquets Let our professional catering staff design a menu and choose an indoor or outdoor venue that will provide you with the most memorable event ever. Weddings A beachfront wedding is every bride’s dream and at The Spasso Resort Club we make dreams come true. Our professional wedding planner stands ready and willing to coordinate every aspect of your celebration.
All you need to bring is Prince Charming. Themed Events Imagine an invasion of pirates or some energetic beach Olympics to highlight your next meeting or conference. With more than 124 acres of flexible outdoor space and a professional conference and catering services staff to assist you with creating the perfect themed event – the sky is the limit. Your function will be both successful and memorable. Banquet Menus View a selection of some of our current banquet menus or work with our catering and culinary team to design your own. Our Chef stands ready to prepare a selection of menu items to make your event both unique and memorable.
Other than all of those features, we’ve also managed to put up a Wireless Internet Connection all over the resort so that all of our customers could get in touch with their loved ones back home through the use of their mails. By entering The Spasso Resort Club, they would be automatically given the right to use our Wireless Connection to surf the internet anywhere, at anytime for we feel that Internet Connections are considered a necessity worldwide.
The word “entrepreneur” should be able to describe comprehensively the marketing strategy. This study would also describe how to reach the customers, whether through irect sales or through some other method. Market Environment Everyone hasthe right to be treated with respect in our resort that’s why we value our customers. We don’t actually choose customers. As long as they can bring with them their manners to respect themselves and respect other people, they are fully qualified to enter The Spasso Resort Club and have a glimpse of a quiet life away from the city. About their buying capacity, as much as possible we’re giving our best to serve them because they are our reason why we’ve come up with this kind of business project.
They deserve an affordable price so they can come back anytime they want. As they enjoy our products and services, we’re always be willing to make new offers for them. A lot of people may ask “What is so special about our services? ”. Well, we’ve urged to plan that we should make our services with high quality to serve the best to our respectful customers. They deserve every good quality that we serve. We would highlight our quality services through the use of advertisements in the city. We would give handouts, set up billboards, give a warm commercial on the TV channels, etc.
Other than that, they can visit our website and view some of the latest happenings and features of The Spasso Resort Club. Below are some pictures or clippings as an example of our advertisements such as our TV Commercials: We’re planning to put up a mini resort club beside ladies beach which is quite far from the city, so they can have a beautiful view with a breathe taking air. B. Marketing Process and Program Everyone might be wondering where our Brand Name or Business Name came from. The word “Spasso” came from a German word which means “fun”.
We called it fun because you will surely enjoy in our Club Resort with lots of sports activities. Enjoy your moments with your family of friends here in Spasso Resort Club. We ensure that everyone will have fun spending time to each other with lots of activities to do. Once in a while, we would also be willing to have promotions. We would let our buyers know our services offered through the use of our official website that they can visit anytime where they would be able to know all the information about our Club Resort that they want to know which also contains package promotions and other stuffs. We can also send brochures at the mall in which people can identify our special offers and most importantly, we would certainly advertise through the use of media. Other than our promotions we would also have our own marketing strategies.
Anyone Except The Clutters: The Question Of Meaning In Capote’s In Cold Blood
When individuals like the Clutters face unexpected misfortune, it is an intriguing phenomenon. The level of misfortune experienced by the Clutters may go beyond being simply labeled as a misfortune. However, it is undeniably true that when bad things happen to good people like them, their friends and acquaintances cannot help but question morality and contemplate the existence of a higher power, especially God. Capote effectively captured this sentiment through a quote from a schoolteacher who said, “The emotions wouldn’t be as strong if this had happened to someone other than the Clutters. Someone who wasn’t as respected, wealthy, or secure.”
The representation of that family symbolized the core values and respect cherished by the people in this area. The fact that such an unfortunate event could happen to them is equivalent to being informed of the nonexistence of God. It imparts a sense of meaninglessness to life. ” (88) The inquiry regarding the justification for the suffering of virtuous individuals is a highly complex question, one that goes beyond the scope of this essay. The objective of this essay is to ascertain Capote’s stance on this question, specifically within the context of this novel. Does he believe that the Clutters’ demise had a purpose, or was it simply a chance occurrence in which they got entangled?
Within the novel, Detective Dewey is the sole character consumed by the question of meaning. His determination to solve the Clutters’ murder is fueled by his belief that he may stumble upon a significant detail. (83) Although the murder of the Clutters appears to lack any obvious significance, Detective Dewey is not alone in his conviction that human actions hold meaning and that the events in this world possess a distinct order and purpose.
The belief that everything happens for a reason is prevalent, particularly among religious groups. The novel reveals that Holcomb, Kansas, where the Clutters lived, is part of the “Bible Belt” (34), indicating a strong religious presence in the town. Because of his religious upbringing and surroundings, Dewey cannot help but believe that there is a purpose behind the Clutters’ death. Capote’s intention in presenting this belief is unclear to me. It is difficult for me to understand what purpose could possibly justify the brutal murder of a hard-working, wealthy family of four in their own beds, all for the sake of “a few dollars and a radio” (103).
The novel’s structure is unconventional for a “murder-mystery.” It deviates from a chronological telling and intentionally skips over the night of the murder until the very end. What sets it apart even more is that from the start, we are informed that the four Clutters have been murdered, and we are aware of who committed the crime. In a typical murder-mystery, the revelation of the killer is usually the climax. However, Capote goes beyond simply providing us with the killers’ names; he delves into their lives and thoughts, leading up to the murders.
Capote has crafted a novel where the focus is not on discovering who committed the crime against the Clutters, but rather understanding their underlying motivations. Out of all the characters in this story, Dewey alone takes it upon himself to delve into this inquiry. Despite the seemingly senseless and cruel nature of the murders, he firmly believes that personal interests drove the culprits to commit such acts (70). This conviction stems from his intuition that there is something crucial he has yet to uncover.
Throughout the text, the author repeatedly mentions that the police department lacked sufficient knowledge about the case and didn’t comprehend the situation fully. The author meticulously examines all the evidence, scrutinizes all the data, and interrogates all the townspeople who held grudges, had business dealings, or harbored any reason to dislike the Clutters. The author acknowledges that the information presented seems illogical but struggles to find the missing piece, the clue that will unravel the mystery behind their deaths. The author believes that comprehending why the Clutters were killed lies in identifying their killers. Once the culprits are discovered, it will provide insight into their motives for murdering the Clutters.
Unfortunately, despite the information provided by the perpetrators themselves, Dewey is unable to find any conclusive answers. The confessions addressed the questions of how and why, but they did not satisfy his need for a meaningful explanation. The crime was ultimately a random and impersonal act, almost like a psychological accident. It felt as if the victims could have been struck by lightning and it would have been just as arbitrary. (245) While Dewey may believe this statement to be accurate, I personally think it is unfair. Suggesting that the Clutters could have been “killed by lightning” (245) implies that any cause could have brought about their demise.
Although anyone could die at any moment, it is evident that the killers in this case were not just ordinary individuals. The Clutters were a respectable, affluent, and content family who happened to be white. While reading this novel, we may not develop a deep emotional connection with them, but it is undeniable that they were good people. Their neighbors held them in high regard and the community believed that “of all the people in the world, they were the least likely to be murdered” (85). They certainly did not possess qualities that would incite others to desire their demise.
One could argue that the murders were not personal, but I believe a more accurate statement is that it did not matter who killed the Clutters. Instead, Dick and Perry had the capability to kill anyone. The Clutters were chosen randomly because they had a known safe on their property. Without knowledge of the safe, it is probable that Dick and Perry would have never encountered the Clutters. It is crucial to mention that the killers, particularly Dick, were fully prepared to murder up to twelve people on that November night.
Dick was uncertain about the attendees, but he realized it was insignificant. He was determined to do whatever it took to ensure the success of his and Perry’s venture. The fact that they only acquired a radio and approximately 40 or 50 dollars from the transaction wasn’t significant. The Clutters symbolized the epitome of the American Dream, embodying a lifestyle that resonated with all Americans. However, if their deaths were purposeless and lacked meaning, it would suggest that the American Dream itself is also dead. It would be akin to being informed of God’s nonexistence (88).
If the American Dream is no longer alive, then simply being a decent person is insufficient to shield oneself from the negativity present in society. In my opinion, despite Dewey’s pursuit of understanding in the face of this tragedy, it is my contention that he ultimately fails to find the answers he seeks. The general expectation was for the culprits to embody monstrosity, malevolence, or at least show remorse. However, I believe that Dick and Perry did not meet the public’s perception of the Clutter family’s murderers. (Capote, 1993)
Psychological Terror In “the Minister’s Black Veil” Analysis
I think that, as a general rule, humans love to categorize things. We like to organize things. We like things to fit into our neat, little organized view of reality, whether it’s a can of soup we buy, a movie we watch, or a person we meet. Everything needs to fit into some sort of category and if it doesn’t fit, we create a category for it to fit into. Categories give us certain expectations about the thing we are dealing with. Stories are no exception to this idea.
For example, a romance novel should be romantic, obviously; but we would assume that it also contains some sort of conflict for the hero or heroine to overcome, which eventually leads him or her to their true love, or some sort of happiness at the end. But what effect do these expectations have on our interpretation of a story? Since my goal with this essay is to attempt to categorize the “The Minister’s Black Veil” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, I will need to investigate what characteristics are present, in hopes that these characteristics will lead me to some sort of definitive answer about the genre of this story.
First, we must look at the elements of the story; tone and diction are very important when trying to categorize a story. The tone of the story is somewhat gloomy, and quite isolated. We are drawn into this small town’s world, as they become increasingly terrified of Minister Hooper and his strange veil. And the way the congregation of Hooper’s church see the veil when he first wears it makes it seem as though it was something much more sinister than a “simple piece of crape” (938).
As he preaches about “secret sin, and those mysteries which we hide from our nearest and dearest” (938), no one can see his face, and thus everyone feels as though Hooper is looking at them, directing his sermon at them: Each member of the congregation, the most innocent girl, and the man of hardened breast, felt as if the preacher had crept upon them, behind his awful veil, and discovered their hoarded iniquity of deed or thought. Many spread their clasped hands on their bosoms. There was nothing terrible in what Mr.
Hooper said, at least, no violence; and yet, with every tremor of his melancholy voice, the hearers quaked. 938 The congregation is so unsettled by this strange addition to the Minister’s visage that they cannot stop thinking about it during his sermon; “[s]o sensible were the audience of some unwonted attribute in their minister, that they longed for a breath of wind to blow aside the veil, almost believing that a stranger’s visage would be discovered, though the form, gesture, and voice were those of Mr. Hooper” (938).
No one is immune to the terror that this black piece of crape invokes. The entire town is on edge and speculative as to what the veil means. And the words used to describe the veil and its effects are definitely indicative of this fear; “terrible thing” (939); “ghostlike” (939); “horrible” (940); “gloom” (940); “dismal shade” (941). This piece of fabric has separated Hooper from his beloved congregation. While they thought him a happy and benevolent man before, they now feel fear and distrust when they see him.
One lady of his congregation remarks, “I would not be alone with him for the world. I wonder that he is not afraid to be alone with himself” (939). But Hooper is not immune to the sinister effects of the veil. At the wedding he officiates later the same day, he sees his reflection, and what he sees terrifies him: At that instant, catching a glimpse of his figure in the looking-glass, the black veil involved his own spirit in the horror with which it overwhelmed all others.
His frame shuddered, his lips grew white, he spilt the untasted wine upon the carpet, and rushed forth into the darkness. For the Earth, too, had on her Black Veil. 940 If we take “The Minister’s Black Veil” as a horror story, it leads us to certain conclusions about the nature of the veil and Hooper’s refusal to take it off. If horror is something that centers upon the horrifying or macabre, especially concerning the supernatural, one can see that this story could belong. Hooper never divulges the exact nature of the veil, and we are left to speculate about what it could possibly mean.
Several possibilities present themselves if we think of this story as a horror story; it could be that the veil is covering Hooper’s face to be a constant reminder to his congregation and all who see him of secret sin. It seems that the idea that he could possibly know someone’s secret sin is terrifying to the townspeople. Indeed, this veil does give Hooper “awful power over souls that were in agony for sin” (943). Sinners fear him, because they feel that the black veil is a reference to their own personal secret sins.
And the veil gives him an association with the dead and ghostly qualities; after the girl’s funeral at the beginning of the story, one woman remarks that she thought she saw Hooper walking hand in hand with the ghost of the dead girl. Such things would not have been imagined if he had never donned the veil. But however terrifying the veil is, I think this story lacks any visceral or shocking scenes. The idea of the veil hiding sins, the image of it on Hooper’s face is incredibly creepy, to be sure. But I think horror stories especially rely on the supernatural and the unknown to make them unsettling.
And while this story does use the veil as an unknown, and it is unsettling, I think that the part of the story that really gets to me is the psychological torment and uneasiness that the veil casts not only on the townspeople, but on Hooper himself. Let us take the definition of a psychological story as something that focuses on the mental and emotional aspects of the characters. The terror in this story, then, is largely in the way that this simple piece of fabric gets under everyone’s skin. It isn’t a horrifying object in and of itself, and I think that is what draws me away from thinking of this as a horror story.
This black piece of crape is enough to turn people against Hooper. They avoid him, stop inviting him over for dinner, picture him capable of all sorts of acts that they never would have thought him capable of prior to the veil. And imagine Hooper’s existence. He has vowed to wear the veil until death! No one knows why, although when explaining to Elizabeth why the veil must always be kept on, he says that “I, perhaps, like most other mortals, have sorrows dark enough to be typified by a black veil” (941).
What sorrows these are, we never find out. This again plays a large role in the psychological aspect of the story: we never know exactly what drove Hooper to end his days with the black veil on his face. Perhaps it is related to the girl that died at the beginning of the story; he first wears the veil the same day as her funeral, and in Perkins footnote to “The Black Veil”, Hawthorne is shown to have made reference in his own footnotes to Joseph Moody, a clergyman in New England who accidentally killed a friend of his in his childhood.
After his friend`s death, Moody wore a black veil until his own death (Perkins and Perkins, 937). Perhaps Hawthorne`s reason for detailing this true story with “The Minister’s Black Veil” is a clue; if we take Hooper’s black veil as a sign of his own personal sin, and he is wearing the veil as a reminder to himself that he is a sinner, and can only be redeemed after death, then all of the effects that the veil has on the townspeople are unintentional. I think that this idea is very plausible.
Hooper was generally thought to be a pushover by his congregation, who thought that it must be a phase that he would get over and take the veil off. But Hooper’s strange dedication to the veil does seem to indicate some sort of personal attachment to the idea of secret sin. Perhaps he did have something to do with the girl’s death, or was in a relationship with her before she died. Either way, the presence of the veil seems to indicate that he feels guilty about something, and feels that it is necessary to always live behind this veil as a result of that guilt.
That it has an effect on other people is secondary; or at best preventative: maybe Hooper is attempting to thwart other’s sins by making public that he has his own. (1487) Works Cited Hawthorne, Nathaniel. “The Minister’s Black Veil. ” The American Tradition in Literature. Ed. George Perkins and Barbara Perkins. 12th Ed. Vol. 1. Toronto: McGraw Hill, 2009. 937 – 945. Perkins, George, and Barbara Perkins. Footnote 1 to “The Minister’s Black Veil”. The American Tradition in Literature. Ed. George Perkins and Barbara Perkins. 12th Ed. Vol. 1. Toronto: McGraw Hill, 2009. 937 – 945.