Final Exam In Literary Masterpieces Essay Example

“Promise” By the moment he looked into her eyes He was astonished by her angelic smile He knew that he already found The love that he prayed every night As they shared the moments of their love He promised to be loyal and be ideal She might doubt his undying love But never tired to proved that she’s the only one Their passion, their trust and willingness to rise

Rise above all and be strong along the size The size as big as a power to commit It is their respect for each other that makes them submit As he kneel down and offers his life With a ring that symbolizes his undying love Forever is a promise for them to keep Forever is a fact that together they will always stick.

“Forever” By the time she looked into his eyes She saw something that he can’t deny He must have been something from up above Sent here to meet her and connect their love Their hearts as one and their minds are set Devoted to their relationship that is already set

Her mind is still boggling about the reason why They’re still together and they still have the fire Their passion, their trust and willingness to rise Rise above all and be strong along the size The size as big as a power to commit It is their respect for each other that makes them submit She doesn’t know how to describe how she feels right now She must be shaking until she finds it how Forever is a promise for them to keep Forever is a fact that together they will always stick

Love is always the most preferred topic of every individual worldwide. Romantic love specifically, is the most expressive issue of people’s lives. Most writers probably preferred to write stories about love since most readers desired to relate their own love story as well as be guided to have a successful romantic relationship. Nowadays, true love is very challenging to find since the world is surrounded by a pretentious love. In this poem, lasting love expresses evidently by the two people in love and proved that true love still and will always exist. The first part “Promise” reveals that the man’s promise to the woman whom she loved to be always ideal and loyal.

As the poem progresses, their romantic relationship grows deeper and deeper as they shared affection, passion, trust and respect. The last stanza illustrates the man’s wedding proposal as he kneels down and offered her a ring. It might be consider as conventional due to the fact that not all married couple experienced this stage before getting married. The second part “Forever” is the counterpart of the first poem in which each line corresponded on the woman’s view. She also expresses dedication and sincerity towards the man whom she decided to be with forever.

The first stanza reveals her strange feeling towards him as she believed that they were destined from each other. She was able to feel his genuine love and hold on to its promise that they will always together forever. The making of the piece was inspired by the author’s view about love. Every words from the poem reveals her devotion to the special someone whom she shared her precious moments of her life. The author is on the stage of preparing for the next chapter of her life as a bride as she cherished a decade of love with her childhood sweetheart. The poem is unstructured.

It is divided into two parts; both has 16 lines. The third stanza was repeated to reveal that their mind and soul speaks as one. The poem has visual images – astonished by her angelic eyes and she looked into his eyes. It has an end rhymes though each line has different number of syllables.

The poem is considered as a romantic poetry and it used symbolism as a literary device. As it is always expected in any romantic love story, happy ending always exist, though the word “forever” and “promise” is frequently use, these words are often experienced and reached.

Sex In Advertising

Advertising is pervasive in daily life, utilizing mass media to convey information about products or ideas and influence viewer behavior. The use of sexuality in advertising is a common practice, but its impact varies depending on how individuals interpret the meaning of an ad and whether it reinforces or challenges cultural norms. Crowley (1993) asserts that women are often objectified in advertising, with portrayals that depict them as unintelligent, sexy, or solely responsible for housework. This representation perpetuates sexist stereotypes and fails to accurately reflect the diverse roles and capabilities of women. Additionally, women are frequently depicted as sex objects or victims of sensationalized and violent crimes in both journalism and advertising (Crowley 1993).

According to Taflinger (1996), sex is a powerful psychological appeal in advertising, second only to self-preservation. Taflinger explains that sex appeals to viewers due to its biological and instinctive nature, as it is connected to the genetic imperative of reproduction. As a result, advertisers utilize sex in their campaigns because it is an effective strategy. Throughout history, women have consistently been portrayed as attractive and alluring figures in advertisements. This can be observed in the Tony White Nissan Ad “Simply Irresistible” and the older advertisement for Bornhoff Bread, both of which depict women as seductive objects.

In a critical viewpoint, these advertisements seemed to belittle and shame not only the women showcased in them but also those who witnessed them. Feminists contended that such ads reinforce the dehumanization of women for male sexual pleasure (Lumby, 1997) and add to an environment of fear, which includes the increase in incidents of rape, sexual abuse, and harassment within society. In recent years, feminists have joined hands with conservative media and critics from popular culture.

According to Lumby (1997), feminists have actively protested against advertisements that they consider sexist and strongly criticized the presence of violent and sexual content in various forms of media, such as books, films, magazines, music videos, and video games. These feminists have called for government investigations into the potential corrupting effects of new media technologies and supported the implementation of new censorship regulations for popular forms of media (Lumby, 1997, p. xii). As a result of their efforts, an advertisement featuring a watch for a Sydney Jeweller was forced to be withdrawn. The photograph for this advertisement was taken by Helmut Newton.

According to the Australian Advertising Standards Council, they received numerous complaints about an advertisement that was deemed sexist and degrading to women. However, if we take an objective perspective, the advertisement could be seen as more provocative than sexist. Lumby (1997) argued that the scene depicted in the ad is a common portrayal of sexual intimacy that occurs in many Australian homes on a daily basis. In this scene, one partner expresses desire while the other enjoys the attention before reciprocating. It is important to note that the scene is not violent and both models are consenting adults.

According to Lumby (p. 3), the advertisement appears to objectify men more than it degrades women. Lumby criticizes the ad for conveying a misleading message that women consent to and take pleasure in molestation from men, implying that such behavior is normal. Lumby finds the ad offensive as it objectifies and demeans women, advocating for sexual harassment and abuse, which she considers completely unacceptable. She expresses disgust towards the advertisement and believes that its publication is another offense against women.

After receiving the complaint mentioned above, Cheryl Kernot, leader of the Australian Democrats, strongly criticized the advertisement, deeming it “extremely derogatory and demeaning” and asserting that it was not only insulting to women but also to men (Lumby,1997, p. 3). However, Catharine Lumby would argue that women can derive pleasure from sex as well. In the advertisement, the woman does not appear overwhelmed by the man’s attention. In fact, she does not even acknowledge him, remaining focused on her book instead. It seems that there is a certain level of sexual pleasure occurring, and it is not solely for the anonymous male. Somehow, the woman is experiencing her own satisfaction; the man is merely a part of her enjoyment.

According to Lumby (1997), the woman in the watch ad is not being harassed or raped. In fact, she seems to be enhancing the enjoyment of the moment by using her left hand. Instead of degrading the woman, the ad appears to objectify the man. This suggests that the woman in the ad is experiencing a pleasurable sexual encounter. Lumby argues that the game of seduction is accessible to individuals of all genders and sexual orientations. However, in a society driven by capitalism and patriarchy, women’s bodies have been commodified, reducing their value to their sexual appeal to men.

Ironically, men use the justification of their natural sexual aggression and violence to oppress women and argue that women’s symptoms must be controlled, censored, and punished in order to protect them from male sexuality and aggression. In this scenario, women are so powerless that they cannot even give consent to sex with a man (Lumby, 1997, p. 50). The feminist concerns about advertising are based on the assumption that the majority of female viewers are somewhat gullible to mass advertising and need protection from it, similar to impressionable and vulnerable young children.

According to Lumby (1997), the term ‘mass’ in media refers to the extent of audience reached rather than inherent uniformity. Lumby (1997, p. xxiii) emphasized that the way individuals perceive and process any image or piece of information is closely linked to its format and context. However, feminist or female viewers who possess the ability to interpret images in a counteractive manner have limited influence in the media landscape. In other words, they lack the opportunity to derive an opposing meaning from these images. Furthermore, it is paramount to acknowledge that women are deprived of the ability to derive pleasure or satisfaction from these images as well. Consequently, feminists argue that the portrayal of sex in advertising is subversive within our culture.

The changing society has also resulted in a shift in advertising. In the past, men were often used to promote products instead of women. Lumby (1997) mentions that in Australia, there was an ad for Sheridan sheets that sexualized the male body. The ad depicted a muscular and tanned male torso wrapped in crumpled sheets, conveying suggestive implications. Lumby (1997, p. 78) also cites Calvin Klein ads showcasing attractive and well-built adolescent boys. In another example, a Diet Coke advertisement featured female office workers gathering at 11:30 am to admire a male construction worker enjoying his Diet Coke during a break.

Ads today feature fit and bronzed male bodies as a prerequisite for promoting various male commodities. These advertisements counteract the typical utilization of sexuality to market products. The primary objective of advertising is to persuade individuals that the goods are beneficial to them in some way. However, feminists question why women and sex are linked to selling products. Katz argues that women and sexuality are aimed at capturing men’s attention in advertisements. He posits that if a commercial were to depict a man casually lounging on a couch with a remote in hand and cracking open a Bud Light, it would not appeal to many men.

According to Katz, in order to capture attention, advertisers should incorporate a seductive woman showing interest in a man with a wet Bud Light bottle on a couch. The more attractive and revealing the woman is, the more memorable the image will be. Advertisers aim to appeal to viewers by tapping into their desires to consume products. Lumby (1997) argues that using male desire for attractive women to sell watches is not uncommon in a consumer society where nearly everything, from childbirth classes to funerals, is packaged, advertised, and sold. Ultimately, it is the overall context of an image that attracts consumers.

Advertising has faced criticism from those who argue that it extends beyond selling products or ideas and exerts a significant influence on society. Bovee asserts that advertising, in various forms, is pervasive and persuasive, capable of shaping social trends and molding personal attitudes. This influence is often unwanted, intrusive, and detrimental to society. However, advertising also serves to promote freedom of speech, support media, provide information about social issues, goods, and services, and reflect societal changes. While some feminists argue that the portrayal of women as seductive and sexual objects in advertisements is degrading, Catharine Lumby believes that women can also enjoy sex. The interpretation of sexual attention used in advertising is subjective, and it depends on how individuals define whether it subverts or reinforces cultural norms. As Lumby (1997) suggests, there is no single “true” interpretation of any image or representation. Rather, there are various points of view (Lumby, 1997, xxv).

Outline And Evaluate Postmodern Views On The Diversity Of Family Life

Postmodern sociologists argue that family life has become more diverse in modern-day UK. They observe that individuals have become fragmented, and their identities are now more individualistic, allowing for uniqueness to prevail. Every family’s experience is different and should be respected. Stacey (1996) contends that families no longer conform to a linear progression of stages, further emphasizing the diversity within families. This aligns with Rapoport’s perspective on the diversity of family life across different stages in the life cycle.

The postmodern viewpoint emphasizes the importance of choice in families, particularly among newly married couples with and without kids. Society now accepts a wider range of family arrangements, including single-parent households. In the past, the traditional nuclear family was considered normal, while individuals who raised children alone were stigmatized. This negative perception arose from the notion that a single parent couldn’t provide the same level of financial, emotional, and household support as two parents could. However, changing times have diminished these prejudices and given people more freedom to decide their own family dynamics.

In same-sex relationships, traditional roles are more flexible as both partners share the same gender. This grants couples the liberty to select the role they wish to assume in supporting their family. For instance, they might opt for both individuals working outside of the home while enlisting a nanny to care for their child. Upon returning home, they can divide household tasks amongst themselves. As per Waters (1996), this is regarded as a personal decision within contemporary UK.

Postmodernists challenge the belief that middle-class families and working-class families have distinct approaches to raising their children within the boundaries of class and cultural diversity. They argue that there is not a uniform set of norms and values for each class. For instance, some working-class families may hold middle-class beliefs, and vice versa. Lewis (2001) notes that New Labour has embraced a similar perspective to postmodernists, as evidenced by their flexible, diverse, and sometimes conflicting policies.

The policy of the organization clearly indicates its acceptance and support for the idea that women wish to pursue careers while being mothers. It does not impose any pressure on women to stay at home. This demonstrates their progressive approach and acknowledgment of the changing family dynamics in contemporary society. Allan and Crow observed the factors contributing to the rise of single-parent households, such as the increase in divorces. These divorces are more acceptable and easier to obtain now compared to the past, while society has become more secular, resulting in marriage vows being less regarded as lifelong commitments.

Facilitating the growth of divorce and single-parent households becomes simpler. Conversely, the postmodernist perspective on the variety of family life can be assessed alongside functionalist and new right perspectives. The new right perspective, similar to functionalism, regards the nuclear family as the traditional and optimal family structure. The new right criticizes alternative family forms, such as single-parent and gay and lesbian families, and holds a pessimistic view of family diversity.

They believe that single parent families are unable to effectively raise a child with only one parent present. They diminish their capability of providing for the family as well as a nuclear family could. Bianca in Eastenders exemplifies this perspective. We witness her facing difficulties in securing employment, consequently hindering her ability to adequately support her family financially. Additionally, she lacks sufficient time for all her children, resulting in an inadequate provision of complete emotional satisfaction. Functionalists may argue that this is why her oldest son, Liam, became involved in a gang and engaged in criminal activities.

According to Dennis (1993), boys without male role models are prone to engaging in delinquent behavior. Some new right thinkers consider single parents as the ‘underclass’, labeling them as ‘work-shy’ and ‘benefit scroungers’. They also criticize single parents for having short-term sexual relationships and having children with men who do not take responsibility for their offspring. These negative views pertain to this type of family structure. Functionalists argue that the nuclear family is the optimal structure, asserting that women are essential for providing emotional support to the family and taking care of domestic chores. This perspective is also known as the warm bath theory.

She helps the man unwind after a demanding day at work by preparing a comforting bath for him, facilitating relaxation and family bonding over a glass of wine. On the other hand, the man plays a pivotal role in the nuclear family by providing financial backing. Although new labour appears to endorse various family arrangements, it still harbors unfavorable opinions towards non-nuclear families. They perceive teenage pregnancy as a societal issue that contradicts the concept of diversity, given that people progress through different stages in life.

According to Duncan (2006), New Labour’s assumption that teenage pregnancy is a social problem is challenged. Duncan argues that New Labour has not addressed the broader structural factors contributing to social disadvantage. Critics of New Labour argue that their approach is contradictory. While they acknowledge the changing nature of families, they still promote marriage and traditional nuclear families as the ideal. This implies that, despite superficially supporting diverse family structures, their policies remain biased towards the nuclear family.

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