Flexibility In The Interaction, Behavior, And Personality Of The Leaders Essay Sample For College

Outline

This is an essay on leadership focusing on the flexibility quality of the leaders. Whether the leaders can change their behavior, way of interaction, and their personality, are explained in this essay. The leaders have to deal with different situations. So they are supposed to be flexible enough to adjust to the situations.

One of the bases for evaluating leaders by others is the way and type of interaction by the leaders. To be called a good leader, one must be flexible enough to adjust to different situations. Sometimes it may be difficult to be flexible because of the nature of the work, but the leaders are expected to have enough patience and adjust to the situation. It is obvious to say that interaction, situation, and behavior are related to each other. If he can manage these 3 in a good way he can see good results.

Interaction with others

The interaction of the leaders with others mainly depends on the situation. Good leaders are those who can act according to the situation. Some situations may arise which require taking a crucial decision within no time. According to Role Theory and Multiple-influence, the acts of a leader are largely influenced by the situation. (Chapter11: Part 1). If the interaction of the leader with the followers is good, he would be able to provide satisfaction to his followers and thereby ensure the effective implementation of leadership. The followers may be having different characters. The success of the leader lies in changing the way of the interaction based on the character of the followers. The followers will always be supporting the interactive model of leadership. The leader can temporarily assign the role of leadership to his followers. And even the leader can become the follower for a short time so that the discussion between both the parties would be more interactive. (Newham, 2006).

The leaders have to interact not only with the followers but also with the outsiders. When interacting with society, the leader has to consider different factors like culture, social system…etc. He should have the ability to make adjustments in the way of interaction according to the custom and system of the society. Society will always be watching the acts of the leaders. They expect a proper way of interaction from the leaders. So the leaders should rise according to the expectations of the society.

Change in Behaviour

The ability of the leaders is tested during crisis times. That is, a good leader should be able to make changes in behavior in the crisis period. Leadership can be made effective by clearly understanding the situation, making decisions, and acting accordingly. (Chapter 11, p. 566). According to the path-goal theory of the contingency model, the behavior of the followers is largely influenced by the behavior of leaders. The theory explains how the leaders can support the followers for accomplishing the goals. The theory suggests that the leader should clearly define the goal and the path for accomplishing the particular goal. (Path-goal theory of leadership 2009). The leaders are expected to behave gently and according to the situation. Sometimes problems may arise in the organization. During that situation, the leader has to make adjustments in his behavior, so that he can be successful in his role as a leader.

Some of the factors that play as obstacles in the effective implementation of the leadership role are “(a) intolerance, (b) cupidity, (c) greed, (d) jealousy, (e) suspicion, (f) revenge, (g) egotism, (h) conceit, (i) the tendency to reap where they have not sown, and (j) the habit of spending more than they earn.” (Green, 2009).

If a leader has any of the above said bad qualities, it will really affect his personal as well as organizational growth. Different programs can help leaders to change their behavior.

Change in Personality

The personality of the leader has a significant influence on the effectiveness of the leadership. A good leader should have a personality that is flexible and changeable according to the situation. If the leader does not have a good personality, he will not be accepted by the followers and society. A leader is said to have a good personality if he has some important qualities which are given below:

N = Need for stability, negative emotionality, neuroticism

E = Extraversion, positive emotionality, sociability

O = Originality, openness, imagination

A = Agreeableness, accommodation, adaptability

C = Consolidation, conscientiousness, will to achieve.” (Brusman).

If the leader does not have the above qualities he needs to think of changing his personality, otherwise, his survival as a leader will be threatened. While changing the personality he has to make sure that it does not affect him badly. So it should be done wisely. Different theories on leadership give significance to the point of change according to the situation. A good leader should be an open-minded person who can change as and when required. “Openness to experience is a personality trait that relates to divergent thinking.” (Williams 2004).

Conclusion

The present-day world is highly competitive. To survive in their position, leaders should be ready to change according to the situation. They have to make a change in interaction, personality, and behavior.

References

Brusman, Maynard, Leadership personality: Do you have the big five traits? Executive Coaching & Leadership Consulting, 2009, Web.

Chapter 11: Part 1. (Provided by the Customer).

Chapter11: Crises, P. 566. (Provided by the Customer).

Green, Daryl 2009, How effective leaders model good behaviour – Nu leadership series, Ezine articles.

Newham, Chris 2006, Interactive leadership, the associate and the leader-follower, The Leader-Follower, Web.

Path-goal theory of leadership 2009, Changing Minds.org.

Williams, Scott David 2004, Personality, attitude and leader influences on divergent thinking and creativity in organizations: Abstract, Emerald, Web.

“How It Feels To Be Corlored Me” By Zora Neale Hurston And “Letter From Birmingham Jail” By Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

The focal point of the paper is to present a Comparison and Contrast Essay between “How It Feels to be Colored Me,” by Zora Neale Hurston and “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Both the articles are based on the pain of racism and discrimination in the United States. While Zora Neale Hurston conveys her pain through an article of nostalgia and realization, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is more direct and analytical in his approach through his open letter to a ‘Fellow Clergyman’.

The fundamental similarity between Zora Neale Hurston and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is that both of them are against the evil of racism and racial discrimination. King is positively vocal in this respect, he almost roars in the context, “Oppressed people cannot remain oppressed forever. The yearning for freedom eventually manifests itself, and that is what has happened to the American Negro. Something within has reminded him of his birthright of freedom, and something without has reminded him that it can be gained.” (King, 1) Similarly, Hurston presents her disappointments regarding evil of racism and racial discrimination in her own sorrowful whispers that are true to the heart and speaks the pain of her soul. He remarks about racism, “I have no separate feeling about being an American citizen and colored. I am merely a fragment of the Great Soul that surges within the boundaries. My country, right or wrong. Sometimes, I feel discriminated against, but it does not make me angry. It merely astonishes me. How can any deny themselves the pleasure of my company? It’s beyond me.” (Hurston, 1)

Hurston starts her article with the nostalgic remembrance with a description of her youth, “Up to my thirteenth year I lived in the little Negro town of Eatonville, Florida. It is exclusively a colored town. The only white people I knew passed through the town going to or coming from Orlando.” (Hurston, 1) This is an approach that that very sentimental and soft in nature with the insight of a woman facing the world. In sharp contrast, King presents his letter in a form of argument with evidence and facts. He indicates, “We have some eighty-five affiliated organizations across the South, and one of them is the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights. Frequently we share staff, educational and financial resources with our affiliates.” (King, 1) The differences in approach are clear. King is extremely direct, systematic and methodical and backs his clams with facts.

King is far angrier than Hurston. He states, “There can be no gainsaying the fact that racial injustice engulfs this community. Birmingham is probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States. Its ugly record of brutality is widely known. Negroes have experienced grossly unjust treatment in the courts.” (King, 1) King is restless in his communication yet he is organized enough to present his arguments in a manner that his letter hits the proper note of anger. Hurston, on the other hand, is more solemn in nature and narrates her life and experience as a colored individual in a sad and melancholic tone. She indicates, “They liked to hear me “speak pieces” and sing and wanted to see me dance the parse-me-la, and gave me generously of their small silver for doing these things, which seemed strange to me for I wanted to do them so much that I needed bribing to stop, only they didn’t know it.” (Hurston, 1) It was like as if she was not blaming anyone for the discrimination and treating her color differently but felt sad deep within.

However, the most interesting difference between the writings of Zora Neale Hurston and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is their feeling of immediate future. While King is extremely positive and optimistic about the future his movement, Hurston appears to be subjected to the approach of discrimination and accepts the fact that there is a place for her color and she is contented to be placed in that manner. King affirmatively states in his concluding part of his letter, “Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear-drenched communities, and in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with all their scintillating beauty.” (King, 1) This is the voice of a leader, a person who visualizes the best possibility for his cause and he is extremely confident of a better future. However, the views of Hurston are sober as she speaks in her concluding paragraph, “I feel like a brown bag of miscellany propped against a wall. Against a wall in company with other bags, white, red and yellow. Pour out the contents, and there is discovered a jumble of small, priceless and worthless things.” (Hurston, 1) This is the fundamental difference between the two authors. One is angry and out to secure the position of the race with affirmation and the other is melancholic with the position and the situation.

Works Cited

Hurston, Zora Neale. “How It Feels to be Colored Me.” About.com. Web.

King, Martin Luther. “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” Abacus. Web.

Feminism In “Trifles” By Susan Keating Glaspell

Before the 1900s, men dominated society in the United States, Europe, and other parts of the world, while women were considered inferior to them. Women were discriminated against in all walks of life. The Feminist Movement also called the Women’s Movement and the Women’s Liberation Movement included a series of efforts by women all over the world to fight for the restoration of gender equality. “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.” These sage words of famous American cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead (Eisenberg & Ruthsdotter) is an appropriate elucidation of the Women’s Liberation Movement. One such committed citizen was Susan Keating Glaspell, who, like other Feminist writers, contributed to the Feminist Movement through her powerful writings by creating female characters who wished to be liberated from the typical restrictive roles that society had created for them. Her play Trifles published in 1916 during the peak of the Feminist Movement is one such example. The play’s title refers to something insignificant or very trivial, which holds very little or no importance. This is what males thought about females during those days in that patriarchal society. The title sets the tone for the rest of the play as Glaspell first goes about showing {with the help of several strong indications}, how gender discrimination takes place in society and then makes the female characters in the play adopt a feminist attitude by fighting back against the discrimination.

In Trifles, a farmer {John Wright} is murdered in a farmhouse. Three male investigators {a court attorney, Sheriff Peters, and a farmer named Hale} gather to try and solve the murder. The first indication of gender discrimination is that the three male investigators are convinced that it is Mrs. Wright who killed her husband. They do not bother to consider any other alternative and merely go about trying to prove their conviction correct. Secondly, as the male investigators feel demeaned to do the lowly task of gathering the few belongings of Mrs. Wright, the sheriff and farmer bring their wives along to do the menial task (McGrath). The third indication is the condescending male attitude which is apparent when Hale, noticing the women’s dismay on seeing Mrs. Wright’s ruined fruit, dismisses the female gender in general by saying: “Well, women are used to worrying about trifles” (Itech.fgcu.edu). Fourthly, the attorney belittles Mrs. Peters {and women in general}, saying “No, Mrs. Peters doesn’t need supervising. For that matter, a sheriff’s wife is married to the law” (Itech.fgcu.edu), meaning that she is just an extension of her husband with no individual identity of her own. The last indication is the tendency of females to meekly acknowledge their suppressed identity is shown in several remarks of Mrs. Peters to Mrs. Hale such as acknowledging male dominance with the words “the law is the law,” and excusing the male investigators for having other “awful important things on their minds” (Itech.fgcu.edu).

Glaspell gets her female characters to don the cloak of feminism and resist the male tendency to demean and suppress their gender. The female fight back against societal discrimination begins in response to Hale’s disparaging remarks about women worrying about trifles. The ominous response of the two women is to “move a little closer together” not only physically, but also psychologically as they prepare to fight back on two fronts, namely, on the one hand, to defend their gender in general, while on the other hand to focus their resistance on Mrs. Wright in particular and silently show unity with her (Itech.fgcu.edu). The two women adroitly do this. Rather than putting across their viewpoint forcefully and abruptly, they choose to gradually put forth their views {that the male investigators look, interpret and judge things from a broader, unbiased perspective} calmly and logically that is quietly purposeful and ultimately serves its purpose as they succeed in exposing the killing of Mr. Wright as the act of a person done in desperation born of the need of sheer, basic survival (McGrath).

In conclusion, the Women’s Movement today has achieved all the targets laid down in the original Declaration of Sentiments. Women have now crossed every threshold that used to be denied to them because of their unity and determination that enabled them to contribute wholeheartedly and unselfishly to create the famous ‘completed mosaic’ earlier envisioned by Alice Paul: “I always feel the [Women’s] movement is a sort of mosaic; each of us puts in one little stone, and then you get a great mosaic at the end” (Eisenberg et al.). Susan Keating Glaspell was one of those who did her bit by putting in several little stones, most of them through her powerful literary contributions, one of them called Trifles.

References

Eisenberg, Bonnie & Ruthsdottter, Mary. “Living the Legacy: The Women’s Rights Movement 1848 – 1998.” Legacy98.org. 2002. Web.

McGrath, Fiona. “Commentary: Feminist (Gender) Criticism is Still Necessary.” Helium, Inc. 2009. Web.

“Susan Glaspell: Trifles.” Florida Gulf Coast University. 1996. Web.

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