Freedom And Confinement Sample Essay

In society today the term “disability” has a direct connection with confinement which infringes on freedom. The inability to do something does not imply the lack of ability to do anything, nor does it imply one should be destined to a lesser quality of life. The misuse of this word restricts freedom and has imposed confinement on groups, cultures, individuals, as well as triggering individuals to inflict forms of confinement upon themselves. This term has developed into a broad umbrella with a negative stigma propagated by society. Emphasis should be placed on what individuals can do as opposed to ostracizing them for what they cannot do.

Through ability awareness we can eradicate some forms of confinement, freeing individuals from restraints placed upon them by society, as well as placed by oneself. Disability should not be an all-encompassing term which places negative restraints on someone. It would be fair to say a heart surgeon would lack the ability to perform Lasik Eye Surgery. Obviously this inability would be due to a lack of qualifications; however, society would not begin to think of the heart surgeon as an incapable individual, nor would a lesser life be imposed upon the surgeon. Nevertheless society does not view or treat incapacities of individuals the same.

The opposite holds true for the deaf community which illustrates this inequality. An experience my daughter Madison shared with me came to mind (personal communication, November 21, 2010). Madison has always been fascinated with sign language. Her fascination prompted her to complete two courses in American Sign Language class (ASL), ASL101and ASL102, as well as participating in many activities as possible within the deaf community. This enabled her opportunity to learn about deaf culture from their perspective. Madison said there were approximately 30-35 deaf people at each event she attended.

She learned deaf people did not see deafness as a disability, nor did they like the fact it is considered as such. This sparked Madison to ask their opinion on cochlear implants. She learned the deaf community view deafness as a culture and felt the implants are a means to destroy this culture. As an example Madison was told, when two deaf people have a child that is deaf it is viewed as a blessing, not a tragedy. As deaf parents, raising a child that can hear comes with many challenges which were described to her as barriers. They refer to these children as CODA (children of deaf adults) kids, for deaf children this barrier does not exist.

In fact, deaf parents feel a more cohesive relationship with the deaf child. When deaf parents give birth to a child who can hear, they compare it to someone adopting a child from a foreign country that did not speak their language. For a class assignment Madison posed as a deaf person in public. Completing this assignment allowed Madison to briefly experience what is was like for deaf people in the community as well as confirming stories of how deaf people were treated in society. Though Madison’s experience is greatly condensed, I do believe it supports this theory.

First, the deaf community may lack the ability to hear but certainly not the ability to function. Secondly, they do not see deafness as disability; deafness is referred to as a culture. Just as the two surgeons specialized in two different areas, neither capable of performing the other surgeons job, both deaf individuals and those that can hear are equally capable, even though they function differently. The assumption that a deaf person is disabled places that all-encompassing umbrella over their culture with the negative stigma emphasizing what a deaf person cannot do.

This behavior in society places restraints on quality of life. Some do not have the perseverance and are easily pigeon-holed into self-doubt, creating their own confinement. Much can be learned from children. Through Madison’s peaked curiosity, she viewed a much different picture of the deaf community; she was fascinated by ability rather than seeing a disability. Madison sees and thinks with her heart; these traits enable her to see what is on the inside. Maybe looking to the inside opposed to the outside, parallels looking at ability opposed to disability, and this is what allows her to see past the stigmas society instills.

So much of what defines culture is language. Could this be why the deaf community is not acknowledged as culture? In the handout from the book Deconlonising the Mind, the author Ngugi wa Thiong’o (1986), elaborates on the influence language has on culture. In fact, the beginning of the handout states this thesis “Language, any language, has a dual character: it is both a means of communication and a carrier of culture” (p. 13). The basis of communication within the deaf community is the use of American Sign “Language”. Clearly the “language” exists, which infers the deaf community has a culture.

However, society does not acknowledge the existence of this culture and instead places the deaf within the confines of the negative stigma of disability. Placing the emphasis on the disability places the disability before the person, having an effect similar to a lasting first impression. Ngugi articulates that communication effects how culture evolves and emerges, the very means to keep a particular culture alive. The deaf are proud of their culture. This explains their opposition to cochlear implants; the implants are a means to extinguish this culture.

A segment on the deaf rapper Signmark aired on CBS November 20, 2010. The beginning of the news segment quotes the rapper “Even if the world comes crashing down,” go his lyrics “I stand tall proud back against the wall” (Bentley, 2010). The rapper is proud of who he is and he is not going to fall victim to the prejudices and expectations of society. Signmark displays a great example of what happens when focus is placed on ability. Through rap, this artist delivers a powerful message in addition to bringing deaf and hearing audiences together as he takes a stand for equality.

Rap allows Signmark to share the inequalities he has faced in life, the lack confidence in addition to expectations society has, as well as the lack of understanding. The lyrics “Not to advance is to regress” and “Need to get on my level to know what I’m about” are from the video Our Life (Redeafination, 2010). Undoubtedly equality relates to the need to understand the deaf to assist in freeing the deaf from the disability stigma and confinements placed upon them by society. The deaf lack the ability hear, not the ability to function. Signmark focuses on what he can do.

This emphasis freed him from the suppression in today’s society and without a doubt made him an inspiration for anyone labeled with a disability. Providing encouragement offers an outlet for anyone placed underneath the confinements of the disability umbrella. What a difference it would make if society placed the focus ability rather than the disability. Many disabilities in today’s society are misunderstood similar to the deaf culture. The excerpt Riding the Bus with My Sister (Simon, 2002), is an enlightening story about the life of a woman with mental retardation and her sister.

Granted this condition most likely has more setbacks that a lack of hearing, it is still no reason to focus on what one cannot do. Beth’s own sister was guilty of focusing on Beth’s disability, just as society had. Beth is the younger of the two sisters. She is described to have a colorful wardrobe that parallels her energy and personality. Beth’s older sister (Simon, year) is spending what seems to be an obligatory amount of time with her. Nonetheless, it appears Beth’s sister becomes the enlightened one. Somewhere along the line Beth was in need of something to do so she decides to fill her days riding buses.

It is as if Beth has discovered a whole new family for herself within the bus system. She befriends many and many befriend her. Of course the nefarious ones exist but her sister discovers that Beth does not let it bother her, unlike when she was a child. For the most part Beth marches to her own drummer and seems to revel in the fact she is different. Beth escaped confinement and found freedom within herself through riding the bus. Rather than succumb to the confinements of society Beth learns to celebrate her indifferences which allows her embrace life.

There is a direct impact between positive verses negative behavior and the outcome it has on the lives of those considered disabled. Einstein is a great example! In Thinking in Pictures, Temple Grandin (year) writes about the forms and traits of autism. He further explains the genetic links with other disorders such as depression, nearsightedness, allergies, and even being left-handed. The author goes on to state that “It is likely that genius is an abnormality” (p. 178) and “in order to be creative, it seems you have to be slightly crazy (p. 179).

Einstein was not a stellar student as a child, was not interested in people or being social, to the contrary Einstein was a recluse. Grandin states “Einstein had a tremendous ability to concentrate and could work for hours or days on the same problem” (p. 181). Today’s society focuses on the negative and tends to ostracize individuals with these traits. Look what freedom can do, Einstein was a genius! As for Beth, her creativity contributed to her embracing life. The link is obvious and something needs to be done. Society needs a course in ability awareness.

Focusing on disabilities stifles abilities. In turn confines individuals and robs them of their freedom. Society has been brainwashed to think differences are a bad thing opposed to encouraging individuality. Through Ability awareness we can eradicate some forms of confinement, freeing individuals from restraints placed upon them by society, as well as placed by oneself. Signmark (Bentley, 2010) embraced his culture and abilities allowing him to escape the confinements society attempted to inflict on his life. The result is a merging of two cultures together in unity.

Beth may have been developmentally disabled (Simon, 2002), yet she conquered society by marching to her own drummer. She not only found happiness she also touches the lives of others. It seemed her sister was forced to spend time with Beth as if to complete some sort of duty, but in the end Beth’s sister was set free as well. For Einstein, he developed the theory of relativity! (Grandin, 1995). A person should not be confined by what they cannot do. Freeing a person from limitations in essence is a means to free a person from confinement.

References

Bentley, J (Writer). (2010). Signmark raps lyrics through sign language [Television series pisode]. In N. Name (Executive producer), CBS New. New York: CBS Grandin, T. (1995). Einstein’s second cousin. In T. Grandin, Thinking in pictures (pp. 174-188). New York: Doubleday Redeafinaton (Poster). (2010, August, 24). Our life [Video] Retrieved from http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=cYwX45ZDe_4 Simon, R. (2002). Riding the bus with my sister. Ability magazine, (Kevin Richardson), Retrieved from http://abilitymagazine. com/Riding_the_Bus. html wa Thiong’o, N. (1986). The language of African literature. In N. wa Thiong’o, Decolonising the mind. (pp. 13-16). New York: Heinemann.

My Sisters Keeper By Jodi Picoult Analysis

My book was divided into sections focusing on individual characters. These characters include Anna Fitzgerald, a thirteen-year-old daughter who was born to help her terminally ill sister. Sara Fitzgerald, a mother of three children who is overwhelmed by her daughter’s diagnosis. Brian Fitzgerald, the father and a firefighter who is often at the station but still shows immense love and care for his family, although he struggles with stress. Lastly, there is Campbell Alexander, a determined lawyer whose main goal is to win the case he is presented with.

This book offers an exhilarating emotional experience and explores a wide range of emotions. Join me on this captivating journey through the pages of My Sisters Keeper. In Section 1, we delve into the character of Anna Fitzgerald – a complex and conflicted individual. Anna’s bond with Kate and her ongoing battle to establish her own identity form the core of her character. She reveals to Campbell that above all else, her deepest desire in ten years’ time is to continue being Kate’s sister.

Anna has conflicting desires; she wants to be her own person but knows that her whole purpose in life is to take care of Kate. These conflicting feelings create the tragedy of Anna’s character. She feels immense guilt for desiring independence and wonders if it makes her a bad person. To embrace this perceived “badness,” she even starts engaging in self-destructive behaviors like smoking with Jesse. However, Anna still wants what is best for her sister.

Kate’s decision to no longer live leads Anna to file a lawsuit against their parents for medical emancipation, despite the emotional pain it causes her. The lawsuit serves both of Anna’s desires – granting her autonomy over her own body and enabling her to prioritize her own needs above Kate’s. Furthermore, as Kate’s survival relies on Anna donating a kidney, Anna is able to fulfill Kate’s wish for death. My reflections on this passage are fragmented, marked by sorrow and anger towards Anna. I deeply sympathize with her, as she often feels like her sole purpose in life revolves around caring for her unwell sister.

I am unable to comprehend desiring my sister to perform this task on my behalf, nor can I envision myself doing it for her. It is unequivocally unjust. I could perceive the hostility and rage intensifying within Anna, nearly engulfing her entirely. I wholeheartedly endorse Anna’s aspiration to take legal action against her parents in order to gain authority over her own body, and I find it ludicrous that she is compelled to make such a profound decision at such a tender age. In Section 2 of the novel, Sara Fitzgerald predominantly assumes the role of a motherly figure driven by her unwavering determination to preserve the life of her daughter, Kate.

Regardless of any other issues she faces, such as Jesse’s rebelliousness or Anna’s desire for freedom, nothing is more crucial to Sara than Kate’s survival. Ironically, by devoting so much attention to being a mother to Kate, Sara sometimes neglects her role as a mother to her other children. For example, Sara tends to overlook Jesse’s self-destructive actions, which Jesse utilizes as a plea for attention, and she fails to consider that Anna might genuinely be unhappy when Anna decides to sue for medical emancipation.

Despite her love for Jesse and Anna, Sara finds it challenging to view them as individuals separate from Kate. This also applies to her relationships with Brian and Zanne. Sara has difficulty discussing anything other than Kate with Brian, and her interactions with Zanne typically revolve around taking care of Kate’s children. Additionally, even with Kate, Sara tends to prioritize her physical well-being over her emotional state.

When Anna testifies that Kate has expressed a desire to no longer live, Sara initially doubts the claim as she has never had a conversation with Kate about these feelings. My reaction to this revelation is a mixture of emotions. Initially, I perceived Sara as cold and inadequate as a mother, but I realized that my judgment was based solely on Anna’s perspective. However, upon considering Sara’s point of view, I now believe that she was indeed a good mother who may have struggled to evenly distribute her emotional support among her children. This imbalance may have contributed to the emotional instability experienced by the other children.

It also gradually ruined her bond with Kate, the child she was primarily devoted to. Sara deeply cared for all of her children, and I sympathize with her. Viewing the story from Sara’s perspective truly made me feel more compassionate towards her. In Section 3, we learn about Brian Fitzgerald, the father of the Fitzgerald children and a firefighter by profession. Brian often contrasts with Sara as he is able to empathize with their children’s points of view, making him more perceptive and understanding than Sara at certain times.

Though Brian uses his work as a means of escape from his family’s hardships, he is shown to have a kinder nature than Sara. However, as the story progresses, Sara proves to be emotionally stronger. Reflecting on this section, I found it confusing. There were times when it seemed that Brian cared more about the children than Sara did, but like her, he struggled with properly dealing with his own pain and struggles. It appeared that Brian had a special connection with Anna, and I sincerely believe that when she “lost” her locket, it deeply affected him.

But what Anna needed was to see that. Brian had an problem displaying the emotions he felt. I feel sad for Brian I wish he would just open his eyes. Section 4 Campbell Alexander; Summary/Reflection Over the course of the novel, Campbell evolves from a sarcastic, emotionally aloof opportunist who fears intimacy into a person who though still sarcastic is more trusting, open, and truly cares about the wellbeing of Anna and her family. At the beginning of the story, Campbell has almost no friends, except for his service dog, Judge.

Instead of being open with others, Campbell chooses to isolate himself because he is afraid that people will pity him or see him as a burden due to his epilepsy. He employs sarcasm as a defense mechanism in order to maintain distance from others, evident in his constant use of jokes about why he needs a service dog. However, as Campbell develops feelings for Anna and reconnects with Julia, he begins to allow himself to form new relationships. Surprisingly, Campbell’s epilepsy and the lack of control he feels over his body actually facilitate a bond between him and Anna, who also experiences a similar lack of control in her own way. Ultimately, Campbell becomes more honest about his emotions and reduces his reliance on sarcasm during conversations. By the conclusion of the story, he agrees to act as power of attorney for Anna’s medical decisions—an indication that they have formed a strong connection which will necessitate ongoing communication until at least Anna’s eighteenth birthday. Additionally, it is revealed that Campbell marries Julia and maintains an enduring friendship with the Fitzgerald family.

Initially, I had a negative reflection on this section. I didn’t like Campbell’s character at first and felt he wasn’t right for Anna. I doubted his intentions and thought he was unpleasant. However, he eventually proved himself and along with the other characters, overcame emotional issues. This made me develop love for his character and I was thrilled when Campbell and Julia got married. Moreover, it was a relief to see him let go of his insecurities about his condition. The situation is ironic.

Anna is born with the sole purpose of saving her sister from cancer. She dedicates her life to providing her sister with whatever she needs. However, her mother eventually asks her to donate her kidney to her sister. Anna agrees but later sues her parents for medical emancipation. Despite a lengthy legal battle, she is granted emancipation. Unfortunately, Anna gets into a devastating car accident shortly after. The accident causes her to become brain dead, prompting her parents to make the difficult decision to remove life support. Her kidney is then given to her sister, who lives on for many years thanks to the transplant. Despite her struggle to assert her individuality, Anna ultimately becomes just another part of her sister’s body.

How ironic. My quotes: “we pass a truck. Batchelder Casket Company, it reads. Drive safely” “She is dying sara. She will die. Either tonight or tomorrow if we’re lucky” “see unlike the rest of the world I didn’t get her by accident” Conflict & Resolution “Maybe it’s because Jesse isn’t all that different from me, choosing fire as his medium, needing to know that he could command at least one uncontrollable thing.” The conflict was Jesse was starting all the fires his father and the team would be putting out on a daily basis.

The conflict in this situation is resolved when Brian reaches out to Jesse and shows love towards him. He explains, “I have only thought about this daughter in terms of what she can do for the daughter I already have… However, my aspirations for her are equally high; I plan for her to save her sister’s life.” The problem arises because she wants this other daughter solely as assistance for her current child. Unfortunately, the resolution comes when the daughter dies and the mother accomplishes what she had planned all along. With tears in her eyes, the mother exclaims, “‘But I love her,’ I say, because that is reason enough.” The conflict here is that Kate can only live if she receives a kidney from her sister, and Sara cries because of how they obtained the kidney. The resolution is that Kate does receive the kidney, but they decide to end Anna’s life support. Nevertheless, Sara still loves Anna. Point of View & Tone: Each narrator shares their perspective in first-person style, allowing readers insight into their respective views of the world. Anna’s point of view: “When I was little, the greatest mystery to me wasn’t how babies were born but why.” Sara’s point of view: “Why is this happening?” “Is this our fault?” Both narrators use a distinct tone.

Anna possesses the qualities of being observant, thoughtful, and inquisitive, while Jesse is characterized by sarcasm and anger. Brian tends to be discursive, often digressing into musings about astronomy, whereas Sara is practical and concise. Campbell, on the other hand, shares sarcasm with Jesse but also experiences occasional feelings of regret. Julia, meanwhile, remains open and vigilant to the behaviors of those around her.

Regarding the importance of setting, the narrative switches between the current events and occurrences that took place over the past fourteen years. The physical setting is Rhode Island. Foreshadowing elements include a bruise on Kate’s spine, Anna pondering about her own funeral, discussions among Brian and his fellow firefighters about an arsonist, and Anna’s contemplation about what heaven might be like.

The Main Ideas Of Enlightenment Philosophers

During the Enlightenment, a group of progressive thinkers called philosophes transformed society with their innovative ideas. Despite their differing viewpoints, these modern intellectuals shared a common objective: comprehending and improving society. One highly influential philosopher in this movement was John Locke, who emerged in 17th century England during the English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution. Locke fervently supported equality for every individual.

In his book Second Treatise on Civil Government, Locke advocates for equal treatment of individuals within the same species and rank, opposing subordination. Thomas Jefferson incorporated Locke’s ideas into the United States’ Declaration of Independence, 86 years after its publication. Locke also argues for power to reside with the people in government and asserts that citizens have the responsibility to modify or establish a new government if it fails to serve them.

Locke argues that the government’s main duty is to protect people’s rights, including their natural freedom. He suggests that both the legislative and executive branches have a vital part in achieving this goal while also advancing societal well-being. Another significant Enlightenment thinker, Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet), was born in Paris during the late 17th century. Voltaire gained fame for his wide-ranging literary works, which include poems, essays, novels, plays, and an extensive collection of personal letters.

Voltaire is still celebrated for promoting tolerance, especially in matters of religion. He expressed his dismay at the lack of religious equality in France and praised England for their tolerant approach to religion. From Voltaire’s perspective, if only one religion was allowed in a population, the government would show favoritism towards that faith and neglect the rights of others. However, allowing only two religions would create animosity and lead to a power struggle between these two groups.

By promoting tolerance, acceptance, and representation of all religions, peace will prevail and the government’s efficiency will improve, benefiting everyone. This approach guarantees the acknowledgement of everyone’s rights by extending focus to encompass diverse groups rather than just a select few, thus ensuring religious equality for all. Adam Smith, referred to as the Father of Modern Economics, ardently endorsed private markets and an economic system where individuals make decisions independent of government intervention.

Smith argues that it is not acceptable for any person or group to have the power to make choices on behalf of an entire population. He believes that individuals are capable of deciding what is best for themselves. According to Smith, when people work towards improving their own economic situation, they also unintentionally benefit society and help advance the economy. If individuals are given the chance to earn more through hard work, most will indeed exert greater effort. Smith suggests that humans naturally tend to prioritize self-preservation and selfishness, although with some restrictions.

Smith advocates for the independence of individuals to follow their own passions and goals, without interference from the government, with the aim of enhancing the economy and attaining personal financial prosperity and happiness. In contrast, Mary Wollstonecraft, another philosopher, authored an array of texts including a history of the French Revolution, multiple novels, and a significant work titled Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

In her work titled Vindication of the Rights of Women, Wollstonecraft argues for women’s rights and freedom, asserting their equality to men. She believes that both genders must operate from the same principle in order to enhance humanity’s virtue. To achieve a happier and more peaceful society, it is crucial for women to have equal rights as men. Wollstonecraft firmly supports providing women with an equivalent education to men, as this would give them a deeper understanding of society and enable their public contributions. The Enlightenment philosophers, including John Locke, Voltaire, Adam Smith, and Mary Wollstonecraft herself, all embraced progressive ideas centered on equality and human liberty which played a transformative role in revolutionizing society and shaping the modern world for the betterment of all individuals.

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