Freedom And Liberty Of Religion Essay Example For College

Religious freedom is the right for everyone to exercise his or her religion according to his faith and beliefs. One can even opt not to practice any religion at all costs since it is their right and their decision, as in the case of pagans. On the other hand, religious liberty has two components, including the freedom to exercise your faith and to worship. The second part is the freedom from the particular government regulations and laws that are put down on paper and explains clearly the practice of religious freedom. For instance, the amendment of law specifically under the government of the Palestinians clearly states that the conversion from the Islamic religion to Christianity or any other religion is subject to a death sentence for the person involved. However, the same law outlines the existence of other religions. There are such cases where even senior politicians in the government are involved in the kidnapping cases of Christians by Islam (Ekmekcioglu 522-553).

From the old times or the early days, there has been existence of two religions that seems to overtake other religions all over the world. These religions are practiced almost all over the world, and they are known from the media to the articles and journals available online. These religions are the Christian religion and the Islamic religion. There have been discussions of these two religions for many years. In between, there has been a rise of conflict between the two where there is the existence of them both say, for example, in a particular place or country, for instance, in Gaza or even America. These conflicts arise due to the superiority of one dominant religion in a particular area. This is also aided by the law amendment of the particular country. For instance, in Gaza, Christianity is seen as inferior by the majority of Muslims. This has led to discrimination and the forceful conversion of Christians to Muslims. This has led to war and the death of innocent people who are on the verge of practicing their rights to religion. Therefore, the above topic is important as it can target several audiences, that is, Muslims and Christians, and come up with solutions to these problems and avoid future conflicts since we all, with our religion, hope for a life in heaven paradise.

Three of the dominant perspectives I have identified from the journals and literature reviews include, first, society functionalism, which is a perspective that is viewed as one that brings peace and harmony and socially brings people together. Therefore, it is optimistically viewed by society. The second perspective is the symbolic interaction in our day-to-day life. Additionally, a researcher employing this method might focus on this dynamic because interactionists study everyday interactions between people. An interactionist might research the interactions between religious leaders and followers, the place of religion in the routine aspects of daily life, and the various ways in which people show their religious beliefs in public (Yip 1-16).

The third and most important perspective is critical sociology, in which religion views as one which maintains the role of social injustice and inequality with oppressive monarchs and justifies unjust social rights reserved, for example, in respective country governments. These injustice social structures in different governments include the right to choose abortion which, according to Christianity to do abortion is a sin which is that of killing or committing murder to the unborn fetus. For instance, the supreme court decision of 1973 in Roe v. Wade upheld abortion as a constitutional right for all people. It was meant to mark the start rather than the conclusion of the struggle for women’s equality and autonomy. Since then, we have been compelled to defend it repeatedly as pro-abortion politicians and organizations put their attention on undermining and eroding our rights in order to fully eliminate access to legal abortion (Ratelle 195). While on the other hand, Christians in America are fighting against abortion and its implementation under the rule of law which seems to be unjust according to religion.

Another instance of the case of critical sociology as a dominant perspective is that of foreign beliefs and systems that downgrade the use and undertaking of family planning strategies. The Uganda Anti-Homosexuality Act, which criminalizes homosexual behavior, was implemented in response to the influence of American evangelicals there. Also, there have been murders and persecution in the case of religious sociology. For example, two Christians from Gaza have been killed in the past five years, one by a Muslim acquaintance over debt and the other in less clear-cut circumstances that have not yet been determined. He allegedly perished at the hands of extremist Islamists for attempting to convert Muslims.

The creator of the ‘who’ in this article is a person who has been in a position to experience the challenges and conflicts that people undergo in different countries with different religions, whether they are treated equally or discriminated against or with injustice for their freedom of religion. They tend to bring out the information clearly to the people involved or, in other terms, the audience to whom the message is being communicated. For example, in the Palestinian’s betrayal and persecution of Christians where they are betrayed by their leaders. “So why do American Christians stand by while their leaders advocate the expulsion of fellow Christians? Could it be that they do not know that the Holy Land has been a home to Christians since, well … since Christ? (Abe, 2-3).” This shows that the message targets the religions and their political leaders representing them in the government as the audience.

The value perspective in freedom of religion is the respect for the human person in ways that are acceptable and necessary. One ought to do what is good for the other person, which includes the case of love. If there is no respect, then there arises differences and intolerance where close proximities and better communication have frequently resulted in conflict and mistrust rather than mutual understanding and camaraderie. Many people, especially in developing nations, now fear the global community as a cultural invasion and financial burden. Globalization poses a challenge to both their ideals and their bank accounts for them. This perception has been reinforced, and tensions between many peoples and cultures have increased as a result of the 9/11 terror attacks, the Middle East conflict, and unrest, as well as careless words and drawings.

Today, the myths behind the idea of a clash of civilizations have become more and more prevalent in modern society, at the precise time as worldwide migration has brought an unprecedented number of individuals of different creeds or cultures to live as fellow citizens. Some groups appear anxious to ignite a new religious conflict, this time on a worldwide scale, and they are made to do so more easily by others’ insensitivity to, or even outright contempt for, their sacred beliefs or symbols (Zakaria 109).

The third critical media literacy is why the message targets the named audience above. It is meant to eradicate conflicts and differences among religions and try to come up with solutions to some problems that can bring peace and harmony worldwide since society views the role of religion as one that brings harmony. This message also favors other groups, such as the Hindu religion, which is not the same as that of Muslims or Christianity. They are favored by knowing that all religions are equal with free right to exercise their faith. They are also favored in establishing just law amendments that will monitor the rights of all religions as the same. The message advantages other groups, as well as the Christians who are involved in the continuous fight against unjust laws, and disadvantages political leaders who are exposed worldwide due to persecution and creating fear and tensions among religions (Abram 3-19).

In my opinion, if I had been involved in the issue of freedom and liberty of religion, the media would have already dealt with my expectation about this issue. The media is doing clear and acceptable work on the above issues since they are stating well that the people involved over a long period with clashes and wars now and then are two or more religions where one is superior to the other. For this case, the media, either in articles or in journals is also stating that political leaders are involved more than often in cases of injustice and discrimination, as we have seen in the case of Gaza, where Christians are converted to Muslim forcefully and also in the Palestinians where the law outlines that there is no conversion from Muslim (Lybarger 777-813). Therefore, this message has reached my satisfaction that these things in the future are going to change, and religious conflicts will come to an end. In my opinion, the truth is that every person has equal religious rights and is free to practice them.

Works Cited

Abram, Faye Y., and Ashley Cruce. “A Re‐conceptualization of ‘Reverse Mission’for International Social Work Education and Practice.” Social Work Education 26.1 2007: 3-19

Ekmekcioglu, Lerna. “A climate for abduction, a climate for redemption: The politics of inclusion during and after the Armenian genocide.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 55.3 2013: 522–553..

Lybarger, Loren D. “For church or nation? Islamism, secular-nationalism, and the transformation of Christian identities in Palestine.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 75.4 2007: 777–813.

Ratelle, Nicole. “A positive right to abortion: rethinking Roe v. Wade in the context of medication abortion.” Geo. J. Gender & L. 20 (2018): 195.

Yip, Andrew Kam-Tuck, and Peter Nynäs. “Re-framing the intersection between religion, gender, and sexuality in everyday life.” Religion, gender, and sexuality in everyday life. Routledge, 2016. 1-16.

Zakaria, Fareed. “A Culture is Destiny: A Conversation with Lee Kuan Yew.” Foreign Aff. 73 1994: 109.

Freedom In The American Revolution Essay Sample For College

Introduction

Although globalization, or the world’s ever-increasing interconnection, is not a recent phenomenon, it ramped up when western Europeans learned about the riches of the East. Europeans acquired a taste for silk, spices, sugar, porcelain, and other luxury goods from the East during the Crusades, which they exchanged for fur, wood, and Slavic individuals they had abducted and sold. However, when the long overland trade route known as the Silk Road across China towards the Mediterranean grew increasingly expensive and hazardous to traverse. Europeans began looking for a more effective and affordable trade route across the water, which led to the establishment of what is now known as the Atlantic World.

Trading expeditions to Asia in the fourteenth century were suddenly interrupted by the discovery of a “New World” inhabited by millions of intelligent, numerous, and sophisticated peoples. During the Crusades, Europe gained a taste for spices, silk, and other exotic goods. These early explorers mistakenly thought they had arrived in the East Indies and referred to the locals as “Indians.” West Africa, a region with a diversified and rich cultural heritage, quickly came to the fore as other countries took advantage of its slave trade that transported its citizens to a New World under chains. Even though Europeans would eventually rule the New World, Native Americans and Africans were essential to their success. The following paper discusses freedom defined, experienced and limited in the American Revolution.

Definition of freedom in the revolutionary era

While racism pervaded the new nation and enslavement existed in every new state, the Revolution’s goals inspired a drive to abolish slavery. One method of escape from slavery was by private manumissions, a practice used by enslavers to free their charges. In Virginia, enslavers emancipated about 10,000 people. At 21, the Wheatley family completely denied Phillis in Massachusetts in 1773. Other revolutionaries established organizations devoted to the abolition of slavery. The Pennsylvania Abolition Society was founded in Philadelphia in 1775 by Dr. Benjamin Rush and some other Philadelphia Quakers. Similar to that, in 1785, affluent New Yorkers established the New York Manumission Society. This organization invested money in preventing the kidnapping of free Black people and tried to educate Black youngsters.

Evidence of the authors

Original records and artifacts produced during the studied period are known as primary sources. They differ from secondary sources, which are narratives that recount, assess, or interpret events while typically taking place elsewhere in time or space. Young people can understand what it was like to live during a long-gone age by being exposed to these rare, frequently intensely personal papers and artifacts up close. Helping pupils explore original materials can also spark their curiosity and develop their analytical and critical thinking abilities. A primary source is a first-person or current account of such an event or subject. Because they were made by individuals or objects present during the time or event, these are the most direct proof of that time or event. These sources present unique ideas or brand-new facts without being subjected to interpretation. Primary sources are authentic content in any format.

Primary sources include documents produced at a certain period or event, such as letters, minutes, diaries, photographs, interviews, artifacts, and audio recordings. A few examples of primary sources are diaries, notebooks, letters, interviews, memos, speeches, manuscripts, and other first-person experiences are a few examples of primary sources. Both autobiographies and memoirs. Official documents include government reports, census data, court transcripts, and police files—letters, minutes, and words from a company or agency. Articles from periodicals and newspapers were published during the period of the incident. Documentation of an event includes images, paintings, films, television shows, and audio recordings. Public opinion surveys capture attitudes and beliefs at the moment of an occurrence—artifacts from the period or eve+, such as items, tools, and clothing.

How primary sources differ

The key distinction between the two is that a primary source is a direct account or an actual document. In contrast, a secondary source is a secondhand version of the same material. A primary source is a work written about an event at the time it happened rather than being an original document. The primary source is interpreted in a secondary source. As opposed to secondary sources, which are based on an event’s analysis, criticism, or appraisal, primary sources are inspired by a real occurrence or event. When it comes to primary sources, evidence might be provided in the event’s recording, whereas secondary sources examine the proof from primary sources. A secondary source could be a book published by someone other than Martin Luther King Jr., for instance if it was about him. Interviews with those who knew him, as well as letters and speeches he delivered, would form the basis of the book. There’s also a chance it will contain news stories from when he was alive.

Despite the differences, primary and secondary sources have similarities. Include: They both serve as information sources. You can believe the data you find in them because they were both generally prepared by knowledgeable subject-matter experts. Both are pieces of art, literature, or other works of creativity. For research, both primary and secondary sources are used. In research, primary and secondary sources are both cited.

Advances and continued limitations of freedom

The American Revolution provided a rare opportunity for enslaved people eager to flee their bonds and join the British. Twenty thousand of the 500,000 enslaved people who lived in the American territories during the Revolution supported the British cause. For instance, Lord Cornwallis fought alongside thousands of Black soldiers at Yorktown. People held enslaved by Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and other rebels grasped the chance for freedom and emigrated to the British army. About ten and twenty thousand enslaved people were released due to the Revolution; before the Civil War, this was likely the largest slave insurrection and emancipation. Several African Soldiers immigrated to Sierra Leone on Africa’s west coast after the Revolution. Others were expelled to England and Canada. The heroic contributions of people of color to the struggle for American independence are likewise real. While the British gave freedom, most American revolutionaries stuck to the idea that Black people were inferior.

However, as women stepped into formerly male-only public roles during the Revolution, new doors began to open for them. The Daughters of Liberty, an unofficial group founded in the middle of the 1760s to fight British taxation policies, put in a lot of effort to help the war. Esther DeBerdt Reed, the wife of Governor Joseph Reed and a native of Philadelphia, founded the Ladies Association of Philadelphia to raise money for the desperately needed supplies for the Continental Army.

Declaration of independence, 1776

The Declaration of Independence was introduced by Thomas Jefferson, who proclaimed a set of universal natural rights and the state’s duty to uphold them. The colonies’ reason for wanting independence was based on particular ways King George III had infringed their rights, which he then listed. The Declaration of Independence has three main concepts: God created all people equally and granted them the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The government’s primary responsibility is to safeguard these rights. If a government attempts to restrict these rights, the populace is free to rebel and establish a new one. The king was directly named in the accusations made by the Americans. They contended that George III possessed no actual influence over the American colonial possessions. The Americans hoped to win the British people’s support by standing up to the king’s oppression. Additionally, the colonists claimed that because they were not represented in Parliament, Britain should not impose taxes on them. The colonists thought they could defend themselves and enact their laws.

The Continental Congress approved the idea of independence on July 2. The following two days were spent in discussion over the Declaration’s content. The delegates of 12 states formally ratified the Independence from Great Britain on July 4. Eleven days later, the group from New York accepted it. Each signatory of the Declaration did so at great personal peril. The British might have used the signatures as treason evidence if the territories had lost the war. The Fourth of July, often known as Independence Day, has traditionally been an important national holiday in the United States and commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. Outside of the United States, the Declaration of Independence has served as an inspiration. It inspired Francisco de Miranda and Antonio de Nario to fight for the destruction of the Spanish monarchy in South America, and the marquis de Mirabeau enthusiastically repeated it during the French Revolution.

America’s freedom

One of America’s most valued virtues is freedom. It is regarded as the country’s “most important thought… at the center of all other key ideas,” according to cognitive scientist George Lakoff. Milton Rokeach, a social psychologist Milton Rokeach discovered the same thing in his research of American values conducted in the late 1960s and early 1970s. He found that freedom was the country’s most significant political value, ranking just behind family security and global peace. Assessing how closely American political life adheres to some “objective” norm of freedom is not our goal. Instead, we examine liberty as a system of values, looking at how much Americans believe they have of it and the main causes of this belief. According to psychologist Ivan Steiner, we refer to this as felt freedom.

The citizens of the United States, a federal republic, enjoy a dynamic political system, a long history of the rule of law, substantial freedoms of opinion and religion, and a broad range of other individual rights. However, the country’s democratic institutions have been weakened in recent years. This is evident in the rise of political polarization and radicalization, partisan interference in elections, bias in the criminal justice process, unfavorable immigration and asylum policies, and widening gaps in wealth, chance, and political influence.

The Roe v. Wade judgment was recently reversed by the US Supreme Court, nullifying constitutional safeguards for abortion and putting the choice up to the states. This individual is one of many currently protected by federal law, such as the right to bear arms, the right to same-sex marriage, the freedom of religion, and the right of people with disabilities to get reasonable adjustments to work. According to previous Mood of the Nation polls, liberty, freedom, and requests are among the major reasons Americans respect their democracy.

The most recent survey aims to understand better these ideas, including whether they think they will increase or decrease in the coming years and which particular rights Americans think about when they say that rights have increased or decreased. The latest Mood of the Nation Poll from Penn State’s McCourtney Institute for Democracy was conducted May 11–19, 2022. the majority of Americans presume that they have managed to lose more individual liberties than they have gained over the past ten years and continue to do so over the coming ten. This is accurate whether or whether the concept of personal sovereignty is expressed in terms of “liberties,” “freedom,” or “rights.” Over the next ten years, almost 1 in 10 people believe they will acquire more liberties, freedoms, or rights than they lose, while 1 in 5 believe nothing will change.

Conclusion

When establishing whatever the United States of America would’ve been and how it would operate, the American founding fathers believed that freedom was of the utmost importance. They thought these facts to be self-evident, namely that all people are created equal and that amongst their inherent rights is the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, so much so that they included this statement in the Declaration of Independence’s second paragraph. Governments are established among men to protect these rights and obtain their legitimate authority from majority rule.

Works Cited

https://openstax.org/details/books/us-history?Bookdetails

https://libguides.csun.edu/hist301/what-is-primary-source

Declaration of independence, 1776

Abigail Adams letter to John Adams, 1776

Caeser Starter’s Essay on Slavery, 1774

Phillis Whitney’s letter to Reverend Samson Occum, 1774

Oneida Declaration of Neutrality, 1775

Freedom Petition, 1777

https://theweek.com/articles/925896/what-americans-are-finally-learning-about-freedom

Freedom Project- Steve Jobs Essay Example

Steve Jobs was an American technology visionary and businessman. He was the chief executive officer (CEO), chairman, and co-founder of Apple Inc. Jobs created a multimillion-dollar brand, Apple, that has taken over the technology industry from iPhones, iPods, and MacBook computers. Job dropped out of college like many other successful entrepreneurs in America. Jobs and Steve Wozniak developed the first MacBook computer in 1976 (Sonnenfeld 64). A month later, the two formed Apple Computer Company with a third partner Ronald Wayne. The company later changed its name to Apple Inc.

Steve Jobs

Steve Jobs

Steve Jobs significantly affected the world of music, design, technology, and art, among other fields. Steve’s path to success was unique and unusual, unlike modern entrepreneurs. To a great extent, Steve Jobs came in at the right time and place. The world needed a digital revolution, and Steve served as the bridge. Jobs was adopted by Clara Jobs and Paul Jobs. His foster parents brought him up in Mountain View. Steve gained hands-on experience with numerous HP engineers who lived and worked in California. Job kept an open mind and was always ready to try out new ideas in unusual ways. Steve’s open mind played a role in his view of products. Before he dropped out of college, Steve learned about design, Eastern religion., and calligraphy, among other topics that significantly influenced his career in the technology industry (Kim 21). Even though Jobs dropped out of Reeds College, he never ceased seeking out mentors and teachers to grow his knowledge and skills. Jobs was one of the pioneers of new technology design in California.

Steve Jobs's biography

Steve Jobs was a renowned visionary and innovator. Jobs is among the pioneers who transformed the accessibility and consumerism of information. His significant impact continues through his product development, innovation, and technology achievements. In 1986, Jobs invested $5 million into Pixar, a computer graphics company that he later sold to Disney for $7.4 billion in 2006 (Bell et al. 127). Pixar helped Disney create the animation industry in Hollywood. The development of new products has significantly impacted individuals and businesses over the years. Apple Inc. was close to bankruptcy in 1997, forcing Steve to take a different direction from what its competitors were producing. Apple’s competitors were producing business software and desktop towers. Steve described Apple as an intersection between liberal arts and technology. Apple’s products were easy to use, stylish, and intuitive. When the first iMac was launched, a lot of companies in the technology industry were producing beige desktop towers. The iMac featured numerous colors ranging from purple to blue and even floral prints. During this era, the public got to experience technology as an art and not a productivity tool (Sonnenfeld 64). The introduction of the first iPod was a game-changer in the music industry. iPod was one of the greatest innovations that changed technology from a mere sterile tool to become our identity. The innovation was huge not only for Apple but also for other companies in the technology industry. iTunes led to the development of an Apple Store.

Apple’s iPod

Apple’s iPod

Apple’s floral iMac

Apple’s floral iMac

As evidenced at Apple, Pixar, and NeXT, Steve Jobs greatly influenced the success of many companies and products. Only a few people knew Steve as a philanthropist. He rarely publicized his philanthropic efforts, but those close to him can attest to his charitable nature. Through his company, Steve donated over $50 to healthcare institutions (Kim 24). Also, Steve played a role in organizations meant to combat HIV/AIDS, especially in developing countries. Steve was a philanthropist whose primary object was not for recognition but to help those in dire need. During his time as Apple’s CEO, Steve promoted environmentally friendly products by using eco-conscious materials such as recycled plastics, paper, and aluminum to conserve global resources.

Summary

  • Steve Jobs was an American technology visionary and businessman.
  • He was the chief executive officer (CEO), chairman, and co-founder of Apple Inc. Jobs created a multimillion-dollar brand, Apple, that has taken over the technology industry from iPhones, iPods, and MacBook computers.
  • He was the chief executive officer (CEO), chairman, and co-founder of Apple Inc. Jobs created a multimillion-dollar brand, Apple, that has taken over the technology industry from iPhones, iPods, and MacBook computers.
  • Steve Jobs came in at the right time and the right place. The world was in need of a digital revolution, and Steve served as the bridge.
  • Steve gained hands-on experience with numerous HP engineers who lived and worked in California. Job kept an open mind and was always ready to try out new ideas in unusual ways.
  • Jobs is among the pioneers who transformed the accessibility and consumerism of information.
  • In 1986, Jobs invested $5 million into Pixar, a computer graphics company that he later sold to Disney for $7.4 billion in 2006.
  • Steve described Apple as an intersection between liberal arts and technology. Apple’s products were easy to use, stylish, and intuitive.
  • iPod was one of the greatest innovations that changed technology from a mere sterile tool to become our identity.
  • Only a few people knew Steve as a philanthropist.
  • Through his company, Steve donated over $50 to healthcare institutions.
  • During his time as Apple’s CEO, Steve promoted environmentally friendly products by using eco-conscious materials such as recycled plastics, paper, and aluminum to conserve global resources.

Works Cited

Bell, Emma, and Scott Taylor. “Vernacular mourning and corporate memorialization in framing the death of Steve Jobs.” Organization 23.1 (2016): 114-132.

Kim, Hyeonjoo. “Comparison of Strategic Leadership: Steve Jobs and Tim Cook.” Business and Management Studies 6.3 (2020): 17–25.

Sonnenfeld, Jeffrey A. “Steve Jobs’ Immortal Quest and the Heroic Persona.” Journal of Business and Management 19.1 (2013): 59–68.

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