Friends Of The Children Free Essay

Problem Statement

Friends of the Children is a nonprofit institution in Portland, Oregon, that identifies and invites teenagers and youths who have unique abilities and dreams and face different challenges. The children are paired with paid professional mentors to support them from their childhood until they graduate from high school. The mentors listen to the children’s dreams and empower them to develop and attain their goals. They also establish meaningful experiences that empower the children to develop life skills and make wise decisions when exploring their different talents and interests. The organization is funded through the generosity of sponsors, government grants, private donors, and fundraising events. The organization has been successful in helping more than 90% of the youths to transition to post-secondary education, assisting more than 80% of youths to earn high school diplomas, and helping more than 96% of the youths to avoid becoming parents in their teen years (Sorensen et al., 2009). The challenges that the organization is facing include the inability to raise the required funds to support the organization’s operations. Since the organization was required to reach more target clients to help them, the company could not fund its award-winning business plan, including hiring more development professionals, starting new chapters, and engaging with more affiliate partners. This means that the organization lacks adequate resources to implement an effective marketing team that can help make the brand known and hence attain more donors. This paper discusses the challenges and dilemmas that the organization stakeholders face and develops realistic and creative solutions to the challenges.

Recommendations

To cut the cost of funding the development plan, the organization may adopt the following recommendations;

  1. Encourage people to volunteer as mentors to support and empower the youths until they transition from high school.
  2. Train the youths who have benefitted from the program to become mentors to support other children.
  3. Do more campaigns indicating the program’s successful outcomes through social media platforms to acquire more donors.

Situation Analysis

The vision of Friends of the Children is to ensure that children develop long-term, consistent connections with mentors who believe in them. The organization’s mission is to build a more caring, loving, and safe world for children. The organization thus targets the highest-risk children living in extreme-risk conditions. The organization’s objective is to intervene at the early age of children before negative behaviors are imprinted in them profoundly and to guide them to successfully transition from high school (Salazar et al., 2019). All mentored children remain in the program for 12 years even when the children change schools or move to another location.

Friends of the Children continues with its mission of impacting generational transformation by empowering youths facing the most significant challenges via connections with expert mentors. The organization plans to expand from 18 locations to 25 locations by 2021. The organization desires to expand and impact more youths by empowering them, their parents, and siblings. Besides, the organization aims to grow its public partnerships to help in systems change by growing its chapter. The organization partners with public schools, children’s welfare agencies, and community institutions to identify children aged four to six years who cannot overcome extreme risk factors without long-term support. Every board member and staff of the organization raises funds to support the model within their community while the National assists in the organization’s expansion plans. The National is acquired from the board of directors, regional, federal, and public partners, revenue-sharing agreements with chapters, national corporations, foundations, private philanthropy, and proceeds from a National endowment.

To expand to 25 locations by 2025 to empower 14,000 youths, the organization must raise $50 million. This will help in offering challenge match grants to develop new Friends of the Children chapter and grow existing chapters, employ significant national employees to offer leadership in the expanded network of chapters, and develop evidence by evaluations on youths and households to inform the field and system leaders (Le Chevalier, 2022). Currently, the organization has a donor retention rate of more than 80%, which involves high-net-worth people, corporations, and foundations. The current funders of the organization include the social innovation fund, the city of Portland, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Michael Jordan, LA County, The Pinkerton Foundation, Cambia Health Foundation, and King Philanthropies, AT&T, Conrad. N Hilton Foundation, the Hearst Foundation, and the Ballmer Group.

The organization has strengths, opportunities, weaknesses, and threats. The strengths of the organization include its ability to retain its funders. The organization currently retain approximately 80% of its funders, giving it the ability to have enough resource to support its operations. Also, the organization has a good reputation hence helping it be reliable and acquire support from different donors. Besides, the organization utilizes an exceptional model of paying professional mentors who support the children. This helps the organization meet its objective hence helping many youths transition and be successful in life. In addition, the organization has good leadership, which ensures the organization’s continuous growth while attaining its objectives. The organization’s opportunities include expanding to new locations since it has many funders, training the youths to mentor others, and acquiring more funders by promoting its brand through different channels. The threats to the organization include a lack of guarantee if the funders will continue funding the organization, which may lead to alteration of its operations due to lack of resources. Besides, the organization competes with other nonprofit organizations supporting children facing challenges. The weaknesses of an organization include failure to engage the community in its activities hence attaining a lower rating making its competitors acquire some of its target clients. Besides, the organization lacks a unique name making many people confuse the organization with other organizations having the same name. This makes people willing to donate fail to donate since they fear donating to the wrong organization.

Key Issues

Most of the intended scale of the organization requires an increase in their employees and other expenses, changing the organization’s operating structure, and establishing new funding sources. The organization uses a unique model of paying wages to mentors who empower and support the youths, whereby the compensation also involves health benefits. This model is more expensive than models utilized by different organizations supporting the youths (Walsh, 2021). This means that approximately 87% of the expenses go to the employee, with the remaining operating costs for the organization, such as technology.

Besides, the organization chose to fill the gap left by other youth development organizations by offering long-term commitment, which involves the youths remaining under the program for 12 years. This shows that the organization requires more resources to fund the model. Therefore, the organization failed to conduct deep research on ways of attracting more funders to support their expensive model (Greene et al., 2016). In addition, they did not conduct profound research on the effectiveness of their long-term commitment approach. This has, therefore, made the organization encounter a financial crisis due to a lack of enough funds to support its expensive model and hence been forced to close down some of its branches.

In addition, the organization was able to acquire more of its target clients due to its unique model of long-term commitment. However, the organization failed to involve the community by hiring local champions who are leaders in the community. This, therefore, made the organization lack local support since it was not addressing the issues that are unique to every community. The failure to assess if they have local support has contributed to the organization’s challenges as the members of the community feel left out in the organization’s program. As a result, the community members remain reluctant to support the organization through donations.

Strategy

To overcome the challenges, the organization should diversify its funding streams by pursuing a diverse mic of donors and funders to avoid risk if one or more funding streams are cut off. The organization should work hard to ensure diverse sources fund its chapters since a chapter’s budget cannot come from a single funding source. This is because dependence on a single source of funding may lead to the closure of a nonprofit organization (Sorensen, 2019). Besides, the organization should ensure proper oversight of financial personnel and leadership operations since it can help avoid possible red flags and be guaranteed success. This is because proper oversight is essential in ensuring scaling success. Proper oversight ensures that financial risks related to establishing new chapters are managed. In addition, the organization may consider innovating its model to maximize the impact of the model through identifying new approaches and opportunities.

Implementation

The organization should consider diversifying its funding sources before developing any scaling plan to be assured of the success of the plan. This is because the organization will be assured of enough resources to fund the developed plan. This can be done through conducting prospect research to find potential new significant funders, considering donor-advised funds, exploring corporate giving opportunities, and developing intentional relationships with donors. Besides, to ensure effective oversight of the financial and leadership operations, the organization needs to have creative financial offers and understand the model of the organization well. The financial controllers should not only have expertise in finances narrowly. However, they should be able to use the financial data to challenge the organization and contribute to operational decision-making besides linking strategic objectives with the organization’s financial goals. This will prevent the organization from falling into a financial crisis when developing its scaling plans.

Conclusion

Friends of the Children in Portland was developed to help children at the highest risk by connecting them with mentors who empower them once they finish high school. The organization has adopted a model of paying the mentors to ensure an effective program in transitioning the children. The program has been successful in helping more than 95% of the youths from becoming parents in their teenage age. The organization has faced a lack of finances in its scaling plans. The organization’s strengths include a unique and unique model and a long-term commitment plan. However, the organization has been facing financial issues since it did not research the consequences of adopting the long-term commitment expensive approach and failing to involve the communities to obtain more donations from the community. For the organization to be successful in its scaling plans, it should consider adopting diverse funding sources by involving the communities in their localities and researching prospective donors. Besides, the organization should consider overseeing its financial operations by hiring highly professional financial officers who are creative and understand the organization’s model. This will help the organizations make operational decisions when developing any scaling plan.

References

Greene, J., Lee, N. Y., & Nelsen, E. (2016). Friends of the Children: Strategies for Scaling Impact.

Le Chevallier, A. (2022). Friends of the Children Expands National Reach by Establishing a 25th…. Friends of the Children. https://friendsofthechildren.org/news/25th-site-announcement

Salazar, A. M., Haggerty, K. P., Walsh, S., Noell, B., & Kelley‐Siel, E. (2019). Adapting the Friends of the Children program for child welfare system‐involved families. Child & Family Social Work24(4), 430–440. https://doi.org/10.1111/cfs.12622

Sorensen, T., Furrer, C. J., & Kissick, K. (2009). Friends of the Children–Portland Annual Evaluation.

Sorensen, T. (2019). How a Portland-based Nonprofit Scaled From 5 to 20 Locations in 7 Years (SSIR). Ssir.org. https://ssir.org/articles/entry/how_a_portland_based_nonprofit_scaled_from_5_to_20_locations_in_7_years#

Walsh, S. (2021). CEBC» Program › Friends Of The Children. Www.cebc4cw.org. https://www.cebc4cw.org/program/friends-of-the-children/

Fundamentals Of Consumer Behavior Sample Assignment

Red Bull has maintained a sizable market position in the energy drink industry for an extended period, despite the entry of large firms such as Coca-Cola. Over the preceding two decades, Red Bull has established itself as one of the most recognizable energy beverages in the world (Amy et al., 2022). Today, it is also regarded as the world’s best-selling energy drink. In addition to providing customers with many benefits that serve to revive the body and mind, Red Bull is also a healthy, functional beverage. Red Bull was intended to raise heart rate and provide consumers with an energy boost when exhausted (Ankle et al., 2019). Red Bull improves performance, raises metabolic rate, and increases someone’s level of awareness, focus, and response speed are both improved. Red Bull’s primary products blend extremely well-formulated energy-boosting ingredients that help people stay stimulated.

Additionally, it offers a variety of flavors tailored to individual market areas, delighting consumers with a range of tastes. Some of the flavors are Red Bull full zip, sugar-free drinks, and other items that feature components like cranberry and lime. An additional feature that the corporation has is its vast distribution network.

Red Bull’s marketing strategy is so distinctive that it makes product advertising appear effortless. Resulting to the brand’s quick recognition. This is the quintessential case of guerrilla marketing. Additionally, they are co-founders of various traditional and extreme sports and host unconventional events like the Red Bull Rampage. Although these unusual strategies are exceedingly risky and costly to implement, they are highly effective and pay off tremendously. They controlled around 40% of the market in 2012 (Gafoor & Monica, 2018). They place a higher premium on the non-traditional advertising that has been essential in their success. Because their competitors employ more conventional approaches, Red Bull wants to be unique.

With a primary focus on teens and people aged 16 to mid-30s, Red Bull has many customers in this age group (Amy et al., 2022). Additionally, the energy drink is aimed at people who consume alcohol, attend nightclubs, and individuals who are frequently stressed out while attempting to do challenging jobs. Furthermore, Red Bull encourages its target demographic by establishing sponsorships in various locations at various events, activities, and gatherings of varied sizes. Examples include parties and clubs, social gatherings, sporting activities, gymnasiums, and educational environments, to name a few. It is vital to develop a brief customer profile to understand the type of consumers interested in Red Bull.

Demographics:

  1. Between the ages of 16 and mid-30s.
  2. Males and females alike.
  3. Athletes, students, and working professionals.

Psychographics:

  1. Consumers are those looking for an energy boost.
  2. Members of the business community, ordinary labour officials, and understudies.
  3. Exuberant and receptive to new experiences.

Red Bull elevated sponsorship to new heights with the advent of the Red Bull Stratos episode. Some have even dubbed it one of the best marketing initiatives. On the other hand, others have blasted it as irresponsible and inconsiderate. On the other hand, such risks have benefited them and contributed to their market exclusivity. Additionally, Red Bull is a major sponsor of extreme sports, which results in increased visibility, product placement, and relationships with some of the world’s most recognized sportspeople. Given that the brand’s essence is to transcend human capabilities, they do cross-promotions on their social media channels showcasing exciting adrenaline sports.

In conclusion, I believe the above client profile completely suits the product. Most students and professionals commonly use red Bull as a performance-enhancing energy source. According to the demographic and psychographic data collected, consumers who prefer Red Bull are frequently on the move and need a quick boost of stamina that will endure for a few hours at any time or location.

References

Bleakley, A., Ellithorpe, M., Jordan, A., Hennessy, M., & Stevens, R. (2022). A content analysis of sports and energy drink advertising. Appetite, 106010.

Ehlers, A., Marakis, G., Lampen, A., & Hirsch-Ernst, K. I. (2019). Risk assessment of energy drinks with focus on cardiovascular parameters and energy drink consumption in Europe. Food and Chemical Toxicology130, 109-121.

Gafoor, K. O., & Monica, M. (2018). A Study on Marketing for Entrepreneurs at Red Bull Bangalore.

Future Threats Of Population Increase Essay Sample For College

Introduction

Prior to the discovery of abundant natural resources, the scarcity of natural resources was a major concern in the debate over population growth and sustainable development. For decades, many people have worried about the ability of humans to produce enough food to sustain rising populations, particularly in Africa and Asia, where population growth has been most rapid. At a rate of about 3% per year, the number of people in the world has reached three billion, the largest population in history. Over the last two or three centuries, population growth has been steady; however, in the last two decades, it has accelerated dramatically. Consider that the world’s population grew by 1,800 years from Christ to the middle of the 17th century in order to understand the rate of population growth. If the current rate of population growth continues at its current pace, it will double every 35 years in the next 200 years. This percentage is also continuing to rise. An ever-increasing population poses a serious threat to our planet’s future by causing environmental issues such as deforestation and eutrophication and the loss of freshwater. Additionally, rising populations have the potential to negatively impact the economy in other ways, such as the reduction of labor productivity due to underutilization of resources, overdependence on government assistance, and other factors.

Building a larger agricultural base to feed an ever-increasing global population is not an easy task. More food is required to feed the world’s expanding population. In order to achieve these goals, more farming that is intensive or cutting down trees to make way for new farmland may be necessary. However, these measures may have negative consequences. More than seventy percent of the world’s deforestation can be traced back to agricultural activities. There are many ways in which intensive farming can help feed our rapidly expanding population. Machines, pesticides, and chemical fertilizers are used in this type of farming. This can result in soil erosion or exhaustion. The amount of land that has been used and neglected in the last 50 years is comparable to the amount that exists today. Agricultural runoff contributes to eutrophication, a process that reduces the amount of oxygen in the water and harms marine life.

Rapid population growth poses a significant obstacle to meeting the world’s growing demand for food. A lack of agricultural technology, malnutrition, and scarcity of arable land are all issues that developing countries have had to deal with in the past. Many countries are stuck in a vicious cycle of poverty, disease, and malnutrition because of a lack of arable land. Food prices are rising because of a variety of factors, including a shrinking natural food supply, rising unemployment, and the destruction of natural vegetation. Because of this, harrowing land is in danger of being lost to population growth.

CO2 is released into the atmosphere when trees are cut down, making the problem worse. Species extinction and habitat loss are also closely linked to deforestation. Approximately 75% of global deforestation can be attributed to agriculture. Collecting firewood contributes another ten percent, with the remaining ten percent coming from other sources. These pressures to cut down trees are linked to human population growth. As the population grows, so does the need for additional food, timber products, and firewood. Increasing human populations in and around forests have a direct impact on deforestation because locals and young migrants who move into the forest horizon clear land for subsistence farming. Less agricultural production per hectare and more land per person will be cleared if the soil is less fertile. In Central America, population growth and the loss of forest cover are closely intertwined. At both regional and national levels, as well as in small areas within and near forest reserves, such as the Maya Biosphere Reserve in Guatemala, this is a fact. If the local population relies heavily on subsistence farming, this relationship could make it difficult for people to manage forests in protected areas.

The biological structure and ecosystem functions of cultivated forests differ greatly from those of the previous forest cover. There is a wide range of plant and animal species that cannot be accommodated by planting forests, which are often monocultures. In contrast to the original forest cover, they are unable to withstand drought and disease. Many of the world’s species still exist in natural tropical forests. In less developed areas, trees cover more than half of the remaining forest land. In areas with rapid population growth, poverty, a lack of reproductive health services, and a high volume of people on the move, tropical forests abound. In the population-forests equation, global warming is a significant wild card. This can alter rainfall and temperature patterns so much that the established forest cover type is no longer valid. Even a small decrease in rainfall can cause more fires, stop some species from regrowing, or even change the ecosystem permanently from forests to grasslands in areas with a lot of dry seasons.

Runoff from agricultural fields contributes significantly to eutrophication, the buildup of nitrogen and phosphorus in waterways that results in areas like the Dead Zone in the Gulf of Mexico. More than 400 marine ‘dead zones’ have been identified as a result of eutrophication, totaling an area six times the size of Switzerland. As a result of excessive plant growth, oxygen depletion and the eventual death of aquatic animals are caused by eutrophication. Eutrophication is a consequence of population growth, but it is also a result of other human activities like industry and sewage disposal. Over $3.1 billion was spent on eutrophication mitigation in the United States in 2013. Many other industries, such as clothing and manufactured goods, have also been affected by climate change, according to recent studies. For example, the production of cotton and linen can directly affect agriculture. Combustion byproduct emissions from using fossil fuels to generate electricity for factories can be absorbed by oceans through rainfall.

The formation of dense blooms of foul-smelling, foul-smelling phytoplankton is the most obvious effect of cultural eutrophication, affecting water clarity and dependability. As a result of reduced light penetration caused by algal blooms, plants in the intertidal zone suffer and die off, and predators reliant on light are unable to pursue and catch prey. Eutrophication-related increases in photosynthesis can also deplete dissolved inorganic carbon and raise pH to dangerously high levels during the daytime. Elevated pH can ‘blind’ microbes that depend on the impression of soluble organic cues for survival by impairing chemosensory strengths. Algal blooms that produce harmful toxins (such as microcystin and anatoxin-a) also pose a threat. HABs have been linked to deterioration of water quality, extinction of economically significant fisheries, and increased public health risks over the last century. To survive in environments with abundant nutrients, low denitrification, low light thresholds, reduced mixing, and high temperatures, cyanobacteria are the most common cyanobacteria to be found in aquatic habitats.

A cyanobacterium bloom in the United States has been linked to the first inspection of dead farm animals. Poisonings in wildlife, domestic animals, and even humans have been documented all over the world. Several off-flavor compounds (e.g., methyl isoborneol and geosmin) are found in municipal drinking water systems and aquaculture-reared fish because of cyanobacteria, and this results in significant financial losses for states and local economies. While cyanobacteria do present serious health risks, experimental studies have shown that they are an unreliable food source for the majority of zooplankton grazers, reducing the efficiency of energy transfer in aquatic food webs and possibly impairing the ability of zooplankton to control algal blooms in water. As the population grows, there will be an increase in human activity, which will lead to an increase in river pollution. According to a recent study, Africa and Asia have the highest rates of population growth. As the world’s population grows, so does the demand on the world’s available water resources. It’s predicted that by 2030, roughly half of the world’s population will be living in regions that are considered water-strained, which is defined as a situation where water consumption exceeds the amount that is available, either due to scarcity or poor quality.

Approximately eighty million people are added to the world’s population every year since 1990, according to the United Nations. There are approximately 64 billion cubic meters of freshwater needed each year. Food manufacturing in regions with a lot of water, such as the Middle East, India, China, and the southwest of the United States, will be affected by this increased water consumption. More than 8 percent of California’s fresh water is used by water-intensive crops such as almonds, which require 1000 tons per ton of grain. As the population grows in both the region and the world, there will also be more cases of water pollution. Approximately 780 million people lack safe drinking water, and approximately 3 billion people lack adequate water sanitation. In 2013, this is how it looked. (WHO). Many people choose to make their home in a city. Almost two and a half billion people are expected to live in cities by the year 2050, on top of the nearly four billion people already living there. About 60% of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050, according to this projection. There is a high risk of water pollution in cities. Oils, heavy metals, and other pollutants can be found in street runoff. Bacteria, nitrogen, potassium, and other chemicals can be released into the earth’s water supply by sewage water.

Fossil fuel consumption has skyrocketed in support of rapidly industrializing societies, which has coincided with an increase in global population. Because of the increasing number of people who rely on fossil fuels, it is imperative that more of these energy sources be utilized. When burned, they produce carbon dioxide (CO2), which acts as a greenhouse, trapping heat within. More people in developed countries use fossil fuels than in developing ones. Economic growth in developing countries is causing an increase in carbon dioxide emissions. This is a discouraging trend. The destruction of trees is also a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. More than twice as much carbon dioxide as currently exists in the atmosphere is stored in the world’s forests. Carbon dioxide is emitted into the atmosphere as a result of forest clearing and burning, accounting for 13% of all greenhouse gas emissions. Human emissions of greenhouse gases are putting the Earth’s ecology and biodiversity at risk for many years to come. It’s a problem that’s becoming more and more apparent to people around the world. They are reducing their consumption and upgrading their technology at the same time. However, these efforts may be overwhelmed if the human population continues to grow at its current rate. As a result, we have come to the conclusion that we require smaller footprints and fewer limbs.

Population growth in developing countries is used as a tool to increase capital formation. Almost everyone has a relative living in one of these states, owing to the high birth rate and short life expectancy of residents. About 39 to 51 percent of the population is in the non-productive age group, which uses but does not produce. In developing countries, rapid population growth depletes capital per capita, resulting in a decrease in the productivity of the workforce. Because of this, they have less money to invest, which has a negative impact on the creation of new capital. Investment needs are too high in countries that are not very wealthy. Demographic investment becomes more critical as the population grows, making it more difficult for people to save. As a result, a large gap develops between what the company needs to invest and what it actually has on hand. What an economy spends on this is a function of how many people are growing up in that area. According to Tomasello et al. (2015), some economists believe that if the population grows by 2% a year, 3% to 6% of the country’s income must be invested to maintain the same per capita income.

Demographic investment consumes 3% to 13.6 percent of their government revenue, leaving no funds for economic growth. Because of these factors, these countries’ economies do not move at a rapid pace. People in less developed countries have less money per capita as their numbers increase. This is especially true in less developed countries, where access to capital is limited and unreliable. This is also correct. As the population grows, it becomes more difficult for everyone to get the money they need to do their jobs. This has the effect of decreasing output and decreasing returns. The amount of money each person earns in an economy is directly influenced by population growth. To a certain point, the more people there are the more money each person makes. After that, each person’s income begins to decline. The rate of economic growth will increase when the rate of population growth is lower than the rate of economic growth. There must be a decrease in per capita income in countries where the rate of population growth exceeds the rate of economic growth.

During periods of rapid population growth, there may not be enough jobs to go around. Many people in search of work in less developed countries are moving there at such a rapid pace that even careful preparations have not been successful. There is a lot of unemployment, underemployment, and hidden employment in these countries.. Since so many people are being born into the world, countries that are not wealthy will find it nearly impossible to solve their unemployment issues. Rapid population growth is a major cause of poverty perpetuation in developing countries. Because of the rapid increase in the population, parents are forced to spend a significant portion of their income to raise their children. People’s incomes are falling and prices are rising as a result of this. The cost of living is also rising significantly as a result. Unemployment, low income, and poor living conditions are all factors that contribute to low living standards. The economy of a developing country is stuck in a rut, making it difficult to make progress.

Conclusion

On the question of whether or not an increase in population is beneficial, many different points of view exist. People have different views on whether or not rapid growth is a problem. In other words, the data on the link between population growth and economic growth may not be consistent across countries. Consider that technological advancements are beneficial to the planet because they allow it to accommodate a greater number of people while also improving the quality of those people’s lives. Agriculture and water purification advancements can help feed the world’s population. There are a slew of issues that need to be addressed. We can mitigate the negative effects of population growth by adopting clean energy sources such as solar, improving farming practices, managing water more effectively, and fully embracing the circular economy. Still, they are not going to be enough. In some countries, population growth can be slowed by encouraging family planning and other measures. Policies like these will help alleviate the strain on our planet. Get informed about the issues and vote for the measures that will make a difference.

References

Baus, D. (2017). Overpopulation and the Impact on the Environment.

Brown, T. C., Mahat, V., & Ramirez, J. A. (2019). Adaptation to future water shortages in the United States caused by population growth and climate change. Earth’s Future7(3), 219-234.

Hendrixson, A., & Hartmann, B. (2019). Threats and burdens: Challenging scarcity-driven narratives of “overpopulation.” Geoforum101, 250-259.

McKee, J. K., Sciulli, P. W., Fooce, C. D., & Waite, T. A. (2004). Forecasting global biodiversity threats associated with human population growth. Biological Conservation115(1), 161-164.

Nepstad, D., Schwartzman, S., Bamberger, B., Santilli, M., Ray, D., Schlesinger, P., … & Rolla, A. (2006). Inhibition of Amazon deforestation and fire by parks and indigenous lands. Conservation biology20(1), 65-73.

Okello, C., Tomasello, B., Greggio, N., Wambiji, N., & Antonellini, M. (2015). Impact of population growth and climate change on the freshwater resources of Lamu Island, Kenya. Water7(3), 1264-1290.

Satterthwaite, D. (2009). The implications of population growth and urbanization for climate change. Environment and urbanization21(2), 545-567.

Singh, R. P., Singh, A., & Srivastava, V. (Eds.). (2016). Environmental issues surrounding human overpopulation. IGI Global.

Uniyal, S., Paliwal, R., Kaphaliya, B., & Sharma, R. K. (2020). Human overpopulation: Impact on environment. In Megacities and Rapid Urbanization: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice (pp. 20-30). IGI Global.