Geographically Dispersed Teams Essay Sample For College


The need for outstanding talent continues to push most industries toward further limits. Organizations have critical roles that they need to fill, mainly involving the skills they can source from other places and different experts worldwide. The concept of remote working has helped offer many digital skills to all the participants. The geographically dispersed organizations, therefore, come in handy with many people who have good skills working for the company and from different locations. However, they need effective management and communication tools for efficiency in operations.

Effective collaboration in the teams

Timely communication is a critical component within the teams. Communication is essential to keep people in similar united tasks and enable them to seek their roles. Timely communication has to happen to all regardless of the location of the organization members (Eisenberg et al., 2019). Communication delays within the team can lead to problems in fulfilling their issues and managing their operations. Therefore, it is essential to use the ways of the leader as models for the practices they have to maintain within the team. That can keep all people informed and aware of their surrounding activities.

The team leader is most important in ensuring that members participate in activities. However, they are in different places and follow different ways of life in their operations. That makes it essential for the leader to have more flexibility and patience. Patience will help them understand all members and how to handle them effectively (Hill & Bartol, 2016). The flexibility will allow for differences in work execution. The two factors can help the team attain a united front in addressing their organizational tasks. The leader has to recognize all their contributions as well as individuality.

Establishing accountability is also crucial within the team to measure the progress of all individual members. It is easy to lose track of how the members work in different buildings. A system for evaluations would, in turn, helps in having the members claim and induct accountability and progress (Eisenberg et al., 2019). It can help reveal all employees’ participation in the tasks and their contributions to work. They would serve as an evaluation platform for their performance. In addition, it would help resolve the critical issues within the team and ensure that they key track of their work records.

Emotional connection is one thing that needs to get improved in dispersed teams. Creating ways for the team to connect would help the members bond. Most people within the environment work in isolation. The ability to help them connect emotionally may lead to the creation of a high-performance team (Hill & Bartol, 2016). Some of the ways of creating the teams can be seeking out ideas in a way that will ensure every person participates within the teams. There must be a facilitator for opportunities to make the team bond well. That would help the members recognize the talents of others and also build trustworthy relationships among them.

Collaboration tools

Smart file

The tool lets the users have any files they want from different locations. They have operations using any device, browser, and also API. The tool’s benefits include granular permissions that give control over what to share. The auditing trial is essential in tracking the source of files, and it is possible to send multiple files. The con is that the file has limitations in the size of files they can send.

Google Hangouts

It is a tool that allows all forms of communication with members and is also an active product of Google. That makes it better with support and availability on Google platforms. Using it can accommodate large teams and has no limit on the personnel within the channels (Malhotra & Majchrzak, 2014). It can also send any file, such as videos and audio. It also allows chat communication among the members. One can also use different devices with similar accounts. The con is that the tool limits the number of people to 250.


The tool allows the teams to communicate and contains direct chats with messaging. It also allows other features, such as GIFs. The tool is efficient and makes it easier to use communication channels. It has features that are outstanding from other applications.

Preferred Tool: Slack

Slack has better advantages over other tools to use in dispersed teams. The tool allows for communication by creating channels. The teams only get to meet sometimes. Therefore having a tool that can allow for channels that contain the conversations all through is better (Malhotra & Majchrzak, 2014). They also allow the creation of private channels suitable for employees at different ranks or departments within the organization. They also allow for direct messaging making the tool the perfect one to use for the activities.


Geographically dispersed teams will continue within organizations. Most of them seek skills, and since they can find them worldwide, they opt for the option. That means they need to hire people who have access to the internet and cut costs within their operations. Some tools and ways can improve the connections and communication among the team members. The constant use of the tools would ensure more bonding within the team and enable them to work together.


Eisenberg, J., Post, C., & DiTomaso, N. (2019). Team dispersion and performance: The role of team communication and transformational leadership. Small-Group Research, 50(3), 348-380.

Hill, N. S., & Bartol, K. M. (2016). Empowering leadership and effective collaboration in geographically dispersed teams. Personnel Psychology, 69(1), 159-198.

Malhotra, A., & Majchrzak, A. (2014). Enhancing the performance of geographically distributed teams through targeted use of information and communication technologies. Human Relations, 67(4), 389-411.

Global Climate Change Free Essay


International study is an interdisciplinary academic field focusing on the relationships and interactions between countries, particularly in politics, economics, and culture. It aims to understand the complexities of the global community and how nations engage with each other in an increasingly interconnected world. Conversely, Globalization refers to the interconnectedness and interdependence of economic, political, and cultural systems across the globe. The expansion of trade, communication, and transportation networks has created a global market and brought people, goods, and ideas closer together. The conceptual difference between the two terms is that international studies are an academic field that seeks to understand the various aspects of the global community. At the same time, Globalization refers to the process that has led to increased interconnectedness and interdependence among countries. In other words, international studies are a means of studying the effects of Globalization, while Globalization is a phenomenon that international studies seek to understand and analyze.

The Role of Globalization

The Origin

Globalization has played a significant role in understanding the origins of various challenges in today’s world. It has created an interconnected system where events and developments in one part of the world can ripple effects on other regions. For example, Globalization has facilitated the spread of ideas, goods, and people, which has led to global networks of trade, investment, and communication. The function of borders is a critical perspective to consider when examining the impact of Globalization. Chernotsky and Hobbs (n.d.) explain that borders define the boundaries between countries and significantly affect the flow of goods, people, and ideas across the world. Understanding the function of borders from various perspectives, such as political, economic, and cultural, is crucial in examining the impact of Globalization on different areas of society.

This interconnectedness of Globalization has also created new challenges and opportunities, such as the rise of multinational corporations, the growth of international trade, and the increased flow of people across borders. The Climate brief Politics (2020) article explains that the impacts of Globalization have been felt in many areas of society, including the economy, politics, and culture. Understanding the origins of these challenges requires examining how Globalization has shaped the world and created new opportunities and challenges for individuals, organizations, and governments. In International (2021), the author explains that by building an interconnected system that has aided the movement of goods, ideas, and people, Globalization has significantly influenced our ability to grasp the historical roots of the difficulties we face today. We can obtain a better grasp of the challenges we face and identify strategies to overcome them if we investigate how Globalization has changed our world and how it has molded our globe.

Types of Consequences Climate Change Create for Human Existence

Globalization has also played a significant role in the consequences of climate change on human existence. The increase in international trade and transportation networks has led to a rise in carbon emissions, one of the main contributors to climate change. As a result, the impacts of climate change have become more widespread and more severe, affecting not only the environment but also the social, economic, and political systems that support human life. An article named Climate brief Politics (2020) states that some of the consequences of climate change for human existence include rising sea levels, more frequent and intense natural disasters, changes in precipitation patterns, and shifts in temperature regimes. These changes have led to the displacement of communities, loss of livelihoods, and increased competition for resources such as food, water, and energy. Climate change has also significantly impacted human health, as it has increased the spread of diseases and created new health risks.

The global commons refer to resources and systems shared by all countries, such as the atmosphere, oceans, and outer space. Understanding the impact of Globalization on the global commons is essential for addressing issues such as climate change and the depletion of natural resources. Alternatively, a lecture on the inside-out perspective focuses on the impacts of Globalization on a particular country or region, while the outside-in philosophy focuses on the impacts of Globalization on the global community as a whole (Lecture 3, 2023). Utilizing both perspectives can provide a complete understanding of the effects of Globalization. Furthermore, Globalization has contributed to the consequences of climate change on human existence by increasing carbon emissions and creating a more interconnected world where the impacts of climate change are felt in more areas of society. Addressing the consequences of climate change will require a global response that involves reducing carbon emissions, adapting to the impacts of climate change, and improving the resilience of communities and systems to the effects of climate change.

The Ability of Humans to Build a Successful Response to This Challenge

Globalization has positively and negatively impacted the ability of humans to build a successful response to the challenge of climate change. On the positive side, Globalization has created a more interconnected world where information and resources can be shared more easily. This has enabled individuals, organizations, and governments to work together to address climate change’s impacts and develop new technologies and approaches for reducing carbon emissions (Werz & Conley, 2012). However, Globalization has also created new challenges for building a successful response to climate change. For example, the increased interdependence of economies and political systems has made it difficult for countries to act independently in addressing climate change. Werz and Conley (2012) stipulate that the interests and priorities of different countries can often conflict, making it challenging to develop and implement effective international agreements to reduce carbon emissions and address the impacts of climate change.

The role of technology is also essential to consider when examining the impact of Globalization. Technology has expanded trade, communication, and transportation networks, facilitating the spread of goods, people, and ideas worldwide. Examining the effects of technology on various areas of society, such as the economy, politics, and culture, is crucial in understanding the results of Globalization. While Globalization has both positively and negatively impacted the ability of humans to build a successful response to the challenge of climate change, it is clear that a global response is necessary to address this issue (Chernotsky & Hobbs, n.d.). This will require cooperation and collaboration among individuals, organizations, and governments, as well as a commitment to reducing carbon emissions and finding ways to adapt to the impacts of climate change.


Climate change is a fundamental threat to the natural environment and the ecosystem. The human impact on the environment over a long period, in particular the production of greenhouse gases, has led to a condition known as global climate change. This predicament came about as a result of human activity. At the moment, human activities like cutting down trees, using fossil fuels, and clearing land for agricultural purposes are the primary contributors to the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The cumulative effect of these emissions creates conditions that are not conducive to the survival of our species everywhere on Earth.


Chernotsky, & Hobbs. (n.d.). 1 Getting your Global bearing: Navigating the world.

Chernotsky, & Hobbs. (n.d.). 3 Jump Starting the Trip: The role of Technology.

Climate brief Politics. (2020, April 25). The Economist.

International. (2021, November 20). The Economist.

Lecture 3 (Director). (2023). Dis 3-Mov.

Werz, M., & Conley, L. (2012, January). Climate Change, Migration, and Conflict. Addressing complex crisis scenarios in the 21st Century.

Global Marketing And Corporate Social Responsibility Sample Paper

Global Marketing

Internationalization has accelerated the need for global marketing in organizations to balance the need for local responsiveness with the need for corporate coordination and consistency. An effective global marketing organization structure should enable the company to respond effectively to differences in international market environments while leveraging valuable corporate knowledge and resources. To achieve this balance, companies often adopt various structures, including regional or country-based units, product-based divisions, or matrix structures that combine functional and product-based structures. The choice of structure will depend on the specific needs and goals of the company, as well as the characteristics of the international market environments in which it operates.

However, the broad alternatives for global organization structure include a multidivisional Structure. This structure divides the company into multiple divisions or business units based on geography, product lines, or customer segments. Each division operates independently and has its marketing and sales efforts. The advantage of this structure is that it provides local autonomy and enables each division to respond to local market conditions. On the other hand, it can lead to duplication of efforts and competition between divisions, resulting in reduced efficiency and coordination. A Global Product Division Structure is another alternative similar to the multidivisional structure, focusing on products rather than geography. The company is divided into product-based divisions, each responsible for a specific product line. The advantage of this structure is that it enables the company to focus on product-specific marketing and sales efforts, leading to increased competitiveness and efficiency. On the other hand, it may not consider local market conditions and can lead to reduced responsiveness to local market needs.

Lastly, a Matrix Structure combines functional and product-based structures. Each organization member reports to two or more managers, one functional and one product-based. The advantage of this structure is that it enables the company to respond to both functional and product-based needs while providing a balance between autonomy and integration. However, it can lead to conflicting priorities and decision-making difficulties. However, balancing autonomy and integration in various global organization structures cannot be overstated. Autonomy allows for local responsiveness and adaptability, while integration ensures coordination and consistency across the company. Striking the right balance between the two can result in a more effective global marketing strategy and improved overall performance.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

Consumers today are increasingly aware of and concerned about social and environmental issues, and they expect the companies they do business with to share these values. As a result, companies seen as socially conscious and committed to ethical and socially responsible practices can benefit from increased consumer trust, loyalty, and positive brand image. To be socially responsible, companies must address various issues, including human rights, labor standards, and environmental sustainability. This can involve adopting ethical sourcing practices, promoting diversity and inclusion in the workplace, reducing waste and greenhouse gas emissions, and supporting local communities.

There are several ways that global companies can demonstrate their commitment to CSR, including Environmental Stewardship. Companies can demonstrate their commitment to CSR by implementing environmentally sustainable practices, reducing their carbon footprint, and working to protect natural resources. For example, Patagonia, an outdoor clothing company, is committed to using environmentally friendly materials and reducing waste in its manufacturing processes. The company has also pledged to donate 1% of its sales to environmental organizations working to protect the planet. Companies can also demonstrate their commitment to CSR by supporting local communities and investing in initiatives that improve people’s lives in their operating areas. For example, Procter & Gamble (P&G) has a long-standing commitment to improving the lives of people in need through initiatives like their Children’s Safe Drinking Water program, which provides clean drinking water to communities in need.

Lastly, companies can demonstrate their commitment to CSR by adhering to high ethical standards in all aspects of their business, including their supply chain, marketing practices, and workplace culture. For example, Ben & Jerry’s, an ice cream company, strongly commits to using Fairtrade-certified ingredients and advocating for social and environmental justice. Notably, companies that are seen as socially responsible are often more attractive to consumers and employees and can benefit from increased loyalty and engagement.


Carroll, A. B. (2015). Corporate social responsibility. Organizational dynamics44(2), 87-96.

Jha, A., & Cox, J. (2015). Corporate social responsibility and social capital. Journal of Banking & Finance60, 252-270.

Lee, J. Y., Kozlenkova, I. V., & Palmatier, R. W. (2015). Structural marketing: Using organizational structure to achieve marketing objectives. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science43, 73-99.

Snow, C. C. (2015). Organizing in the age of competition, cooperation, and collaboration. Journal of leadership & organizational studies22(4), 433-442.