Google Compensation And Benefit System University Essay Example

The current compensation structure emphasizes pay-for-performance and perks. Pay-for-performance, commonly referred to as performance-based pay, ties an employee’s salary to their individual or group performance. This may include individual and group incentives, such as bonuses and commissions, and performance evaluations to analyze and quantify employee performance.

Individual incentives are frequently used to inspire and reward an employee’s good performance. This incentive might include monetary and non-financial rewards, such as recognition or additional time off. Group incentives, on the other hand, are used to reward a group of employees for achieving a common objective (Hay Group, 2018). This category includes profit-sharing plans, gain-sharing plans, and team bonuses. Individual and group incentives can raise employee motivation and engagement, enhancing organizational success.

Performance evaluations are an integral component of pay-for-performance systems; they are utilized to evaluate and quantify employee performance. This procedure allows managers to identify employee improvement areas and provide performance comments. This information can be utilized to guide compensation and promotion decisions. In addition, performance evaluations can align individual and corporate goals, resulting in enhanced performance and tremendous organizational success.

In addition to performance-based compensation, corporations provide various legally required benefits, such as workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance, and social security. Organizations provide various optional benefits to attract and retain employees, such as health insurance, retirement programs, and paid time off. Popular optional benefits include flexible work arrangements, such as telecommuting and a flexible work schedule, which can assist employees in balancing their personal and professional lives (SHRM, 2020).

The process of deciding which benefits to provide can be affected by several factors, including cost, employee preferences, and regulatory obligations. The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) discovered that health insurance, retirement programs, and paid time off were the most preferred employee perks (SHRM, 2020). Another study by the National Center for Employee Ownership (NCEO) indicated that employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) could be an effective strategy for recruiting and keeping employees, especially in small and medium-sized enterprises (NCEO, 2019).

Generally, the current state of the compensation system emphasizes pay-for-performance and perks. This may include individual and group incentives, performance evaluations, and a variety of legally mandatory and voluntary rewards. Factors such as cost, employee preferences, and regulatory obligations influence the decision of which benefits to give. This article will discuss Google’s compensation and benefit system and focus on the company group and individual benefits, legally mandated benefits, performance appraisals, and benefits determination process.

Google compensation and benefit system

Managers and Team leaders must come to decisions as a team when managing an organization. According to the management hierarchy structure of the Google Company, benefits and compensation are determined by their roles, the level of experience they need, and the amount of work they put into the business. However, regulations have been passed in every state governing the minimum salaries for all workers in recognized businesses and organizations. Because of the Google company culture, which has been imitated by all stakeholders and employees ever since the company’s founding, Google has preserved a robust and consistent compensation system and pay system. Staff members are compensated as a compensation system, and the way that benefits vary across employees within a company is known as a pay structure (AlHamad et al., 2022). For instance, the system may provide pay stubs on the 29th of each month, but the pay structure may change based on the terms of the contract signed and other perks received during the income period. A worker may be given extra responsibilities, which could change the compensation structure by allowing them to earn more money through commission and overtime on completed work.

When the human resource management of Google analyzes a position, they consider the candidates’ aptitudes for innovation and creativity. Considering Google’s company flat organizational structure, emphasis on products, and function-based hiring practices, the staff has been able to benefit from well-defined set structures that ensure each employee is knowledgeable of the anticipated benefit rate at the closing of a predetermined set period, which is typically one month for the business.

A job evaluation is known as an evaluation of a company’s job’s value or worth based on the department’s divisions. Google Company gives more funding to its programming anti-hacking and programming teams than it does to the academic researchers who contribute to the information placed on its database. Security concerns and the confidentiality of information about a position within a company are critical factors when evaluating a job. To prevent conflict between the public and the government when investigating a government initiative or making progress on a topic that poses a significant issue to the general populace, assigned and approved material must be made public (Colonnello, 2018). As a result, in sensitive research jobs at the Google business Organization, the assigned individuals are generously compensated based on the actions done to arrive at the completed report that will be posted online. Although laborious, the government ranks and positions a Google staff employee must pass before submitting a final official report for publishing will increase the company’s revenue. In these situations, the human management resource of the company must assess the job categories to ensure employees pay the appropriate amount. By accurately examining job categories, justice, and equity are practiced.

Every organization creates a paid design, or payment structure, to determine the earnings or salaries for its personnel based on various factors. The living cost, government compensation laws, the productivity of employees, and candidates’ perceptions of pay are some elements that affect how much people get paid. The supply and demand of the labor performed is a significant aspect that Google employs in addition to the criteria affecting the compensation structure of its workers (Morrell, 2018). For instance, the accessibility of research data on various themes has been the second-largest component of Google’s activity after the communication sector.

The pay scales used by Google employees are based on a standard defined structure with compensation rates according to profession and workgroup levels. For instance, an individual who has just entered a sector can get a different income than someone who has worked in it for some time and received accolades from reputable organizations. Every area of the employment group structure settings and economy has levels that individuals can advance to as they gain knowledge about and experiences in that organizational structure. For instance, the Company Google deals more with based research and related technology- concerns. Depending on the quantity complexity of the information presented, Google shall give preferential treatment to the data gathered by researchers and academics. The salary level of a scholar who disseminates information about a worldwide study conducted with more excellent resources and facilities must be paid more than a study conducted locally with minimal resources (Steinbaum, 2020). In the Company Google, the level of employee competence and the accessibility of such information is the most critical factors. For instance, Google offers eBooks, the cost of which vary based on the author’s experience, knowledge, and expertise.

The defined groups and bonuses gained for assigned activities create Google’s compensation structure. In accordance with the work structure of Google, during special events as well as other operations that constitute the opportunity to earn bonus credits and points apart from the given amount, employees are permitted to earn an amount of up to 10% bonus commission in addition to their base wage. Google Company employees receive bonuses of more than $1,000 as a gift on Christmas holidays at the end of the year (Moro, 2021).

As long as they keep working, Google allows its employees to own shares and earn income. Depending on how long they have worked in the field and how much research they have conducted on particular professions, various people have varying knowledge and experiences about particular job descriptions. Workers can possess shares stock that generates interest for them during the distribution of earnings to various stakeholders as a strategy to boost earnings for the employees and the company. The health state of the workforce is used to categorize the assessment of the job departments and positions. Employees with health issues, for instance, may be allocated to office administrative work to enhance productivity and decrease illness rates because they can work more effectively from fixed positions than when they move around a lot, which might have adverse effects on their health.

Conclusion

With a large workforce spread across all countries, Google’s well-structured benefits and compensation make it one of the world’s best-performing companies (Moro, 2021). But because Google pays its staff well and maintains their steady caliber, their job has been rated as having the finest quality. Given that Google leads the world in performance in research and communication, emphasizing better remuneration structures and staff retention will ensure the corporation’s safety, security, and sustained productivity. Setting goals and increasing salaries regularly can help firms maintain their track record of success and market reputation. The Google administration has done a fantastic job of upholding work ethics and guidelines that govern the personnel without department executives’ oversight.

References

AlHamad, A., Alshurideh, M., Alomari, K., Kurdi, B., Alzoubi, H., Hamouche, S., & Al-Hawary, S. (2022). The effect of electronic, human resources management on the organizational health of telecommunications companies in Jordan. International Journal of Data and Network Science6(2), 429-438.

Colonnello, S., Curatola, G., & Hoang, N. G. (2018). Executive compensation structure and credit spread : [Version 9 Juli 2014]. Frankfurt am Main: Univ.-Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main.

Morrell, D. L., & Abston, K. A. (2018). Millennial motivation issues related to compensation and benefits: Suggestions for improved retention. Compensation & Benefits Review50(2), 107–113.

Steinbaum, M., & Stucke, M. E. (2020). The effective competition standard. The University of Chicago Law Review87(2), 595-623.

Moro, S., Ramos, R. F., & Rita, P. (2021). What drives job satisfaction in IT companies? International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management70(2), 391-407.

Green Revolution Technology Essay Example

Introduction

The modernization of agricultural processes started in Mexico in the 1940s and is referred to as the “Green Revolution.” The Green Revolution technology spread globally in the 1950s and 1960s due to its effectiveness in raising agricultural production there, leading to a considerable increase in produce generated per acre of agriculture. The American scientist and agricultural enthusiast Norman Borlaug is frequently credited for helping to launch the Green Revolution. He started performing research in Mexico in the 1940s and created novel, high-yield wheat types that were disease resistant. Mexico was able to produce more wheat than was required by its inhabitants by combining Borlaug’s wheat varieties with new mechanical agricultural technology, which resulted in Mexico being a wheat exporter by the 1960s. Nearly 50% of the nation’s wheat supply was being imported before the usage of these kinds. The 1950s and 1960s saw the global adoption of the Green Revolution’s innovations as a result of its success in Mexico. For instance, in the 1940s, the United States imported almost half of its wheat; however, adopting Green Revolution technologies, it became self-sufficient in the 1950s and an exporter by the 1960s. The Rockefeller Foundation and other organizations are working to maintain the use of Green Revolution technologies to increase food production for a growing global population. Numerous international government agencies, like the Ford and Rockefeller Foundation, supported more studies. This support allowed Mexico to establish The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, a global scientific organization, in 1963.

The Green Revolution research carried out by Borlaug and this institution, in turn, helped nations all over the world. Because of its fast-expanding population, India, for instance, was in danger of experiencing a significant famine in the early 1960s. After that, Borlaug and the Ford Foundation researched there and created a new type of rice called IR8 that, when grown with irrigation and fertilizers, produced more grain per plant. India is one of the world’s top rice producers, and IR8 rice is widely consumed. Green Revolution’s plant technologies, high-yield varieties, domesticated plants cultivated (Gollin et al.), and specifically to respond to fertilizers and produce more grain per acre sown were the crops developed during the Green Revolution. The words harvest index, photosynthate allocation, and insensitivity to day length are frequently used with these plants to describe what makes them successful. The plant’s above-ground weight is what is meant by the harvest index. Plants with giant seeds were chosen to produce as much as possible during the Green Revolution. These plants all developed the ability to make larger seeds due to selective breeding. The result was a higher grain output and a heavier above-ground weight due to the larger bases. The photosynthate allocation then increased due to this higher above-ground weight. It utilized photosynthesis more effectively by maximizing the seed or food section of the plant since the energy generated during this process traveled straight to the food portion of the plant (Spanne). Finally, researchers like Borlaug could double a crop’s yield by selectively breeding plants that were not sensitive to day length since the plants were not restricted to specific regions of the globe based merely on the amount of light available to them.

Following the Second World War, food scarcity became a significant issue for many nations. Many countries experienced severe drought and famine, which led to mass starvation. Due to greater productivity, the green revolution gained popularity and helped to enhance food production. The development of high-yielding crop types to address the food crisis was made possible by the revolution. The program significantly increased the production of wheat and rice. Using synthetic fertilizers and agrochemicals by farmers could increase yields even more. Crop varieties resistant to disease were created through selective breeding and genetic engineering. Therefore, the green revolution has made it feasible to produce more food with fewer resources while feeding more people.

The Pros of the Green Revolution

There is an increase in food production. Before, it was nearly impossible to produce food on a large scale, and conventional food production techniques required a lot of labor. Large-scale food production became unprofitable as a result. Initiatives from the green revolution have changed the agriculture industry and enabled farmers to produce at unheard-of levels.

Thanks to research and development, farmers worldwide benefit from improved crop yield using modern equipment and agrochemicals.

Secondly, there is consistent production despite seasonal variations. Farmers primarily relied on the weather to raise livestock and develop crops. The show foresaw significant changes due to unpredictable weather patterns and ongoing bug infestations. The development of better crop strains has been the subject of extensive research thanks to the green revolution.

These enhanced crop types are more resilient to pests and tolerant to challenging environmental conditions. Thanks to their exceptional quality, farmers can sustain constant yields even in harsh situations. Food supply and demand worldwide greatly influence food prices and crop types with high yields, enabling farmers to harvest more food for extended periods. Disease-tolerant cultivars contribute to consistency in food production, reducing price volatility and boosting food availability.

Thirdly, food costs less when it is more readily available to consumers than when it is in short supply. With today’s farming methods, farmers can grow more crops with fewer resources and in more occasional areas. Farmers can now charge less and still profit because of the decline in production costs.

Another importance of the green revolution is that it minimizes the demand for land cultivation. Following is a traditional method of land preparation that enables farmers to operate in their fields all year long. In regions with little rainfall, the approach enhances the soil’s capacity to retain water Farmers in the low-precipitation areas had to wait one or two seasons following a harvest before they could sow again under the practice of following.

Nowadays, thanks to initiatives from the green revolution, farmers may harvest all year round without having to leave any land fallow. Fields can regularly produce thanks to agrochemicals, fertilizers, nutrient additions, and contemporary irrigation techniques. For farmers, this ongoing production increases income.

Another pro of the green revolution is that politically and economically, it eases hunger and poverty in underdeveloped nations like Africa. Despite improving food production, malnutrition, and hunger continue to be severe issues in developing countries. More developing nations are turning to green revolution programs to combat hunger. Many small-scale farmers in emerging nations can now meet their needs thanks to modern farming techniques. Many developing countries now export agricultural products to make money abroad thanks to sophisticated farming techniques. These foreign profits decrease trade deficits while fostering economic growth in underdeveloped nations.

Issues and Disadvantages of the Green Revolution

Economically, it produces a lot of food waste. Farmers now have more food than the market wants. Food is wasted up to 40% of the time along the supply chain. Every year, humans throw away billions of tons of food, unheard of before the green revolution.

It also fosters a reliance on fertilizer, which is unsuitable for the soil. The green revolution’s initiatives have made fertilizer subsidies possible for modern food production. But frequent, heavy fertilizer application causes dirt to become acidic. Governments also spend a lot of money on fertilizer subsidies that could instead be utilized to build out the nation’s social infrastructure.

Another negative impact is that it causes sterility in seeds. Most corporations now engaged in agricultural genetic modification desire to patent their work to maximize profits. The patents require farmers to buy fresh seeds each growing season. Dependence on sterile sources raises farmers’ total cost of output. The green revolution supports plant and pest resistance. Although insecticides can reduce and manage pest populations in planting fields, ongoing use fosters pest resistance. Pests gradually resist chemical treatments, making their eradication challenging and expensive. Additionally, plants are adjusting to the chemical makeup of herbicides.

Socially, the green revolution causes customers health issues. Consumer health is seriously endangered by agriculture’s reliance on pesticides and herbicides. Some agrochemicals contain extremely harmful substances that encourage the growth of cancer and other dangerous illnesses.

Many criticize the green revolution due to its political consequences(Paarlberg). Introducing new farming methods and technology has only benefitted the rich because they can afford adequate irrigation facilities and buy inputs needed to produce great yields.

Conclusion

The Green Revolution introduced dwarf cultivars of wheat and rice that could respond to fertilization without lodging, increasing crop output in underdeveloped countries. To increase the production of crops cultivated in infertile soils by farmers with limited access to fertilizer, which makes up the majority of farmers in developing countries, we now need a second Green Revolution. The second Green Revolution will be based on crops tolerating low soil fertility, just as the first Green Revolution was based on crops responding to high soil fertility. Over a century has passed since the discovery of significant genetic variation in the production of crops in infertile soil. We now have a better knowledge of the features that cause this variation as of late. To determine soil exploration and, subsequently, nutrient uptake, root architecture is crucial. The production of adventitious roots, lateral branching, and basal-root gravitropism are architectural features that are genetically controlled.

The acquisition of phosphorus from infertile soils depends on architectural characteristics that improve topsoil foraging. The uptake of immobile nutrients like phosphorus and potassium depends on genetic diversity in the length and density of root hairs. Genetic variation in root cortical aerenchyma production and secondary development (‘root etiolation’) is vital to lower the metabolic expenditures of root growth and soil exploration. Genetic variation in rhizosphere alteration through the efflux of protons, organic acids, and enzymes is crucial for mobilizing nutrients like phosphate and transition metals and avoiding aluminum toxicity. It can initiate acquisition, improve, and increase salt tolerance by manipulating ion transporters. mprThe majority of these properties are under intricate genetic regulation, with the notable exceptions being rhizosphere alteration and ion transporters. In low-fertility soils, genetic diversity in these attributes is linked to significant yield increases, as demonstrated by phosphate efficiency in beans and soybean. Selection for specific root features by direct phenotypic evaluation or molecular markers is anticipated to be more effective in crop breeding for low-fertility soils than traditional field screening. Genetic variation in rhizosphere alteration through the efflux of protons, organic acids, and enzymes is crucial for mobilizing nutrients like phosphate and transition metals and avoiding aluminum toxicity. This can improve the acquisition of nitrate e improved, and salt tolerance can be increased by manipulating ion transporters. Most of these properties are under intricate genetic regulation, except for rhizosphere alteration and ion transporters. In low-fertility soils, genetic diversity in these attributes is linked to significant yield increases, as demonstrated by phosphate efficiency in beans and soybean. Selection for specific root features by direct phenotypic evaluation or molecular markers is anticipated to be more effective in crop breeding for low-fertility soils than traditional field screening.

Works Cited

Gollin, Douglas, et al. “Two Blades of Grass: The Impact of the Green Revolution.” 2018, https://doi.org/10.3386/w24744.

“Green Revolution: Green Roofs.” SciVee, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4016/37220.01.

Horne, James E., and Maura McDermott. The next Green Revolution: Essential Steps to a Healthy, Sustainable Agriculture. Food Products Press, 2001.

Paarlberg, Robert. “The Green Revolution Controversy.” Food Politics, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1093/wentk/9780199322398.003.0006.

Spanne, Autumn. “Green Revolution: History, Technologies, and Impact.” Treehugger, Treehugger, 6 Aug. 2021, https:/w.treehugger.com/green-revolution-history-technologies-and-impact-5189596.

Swaminathan, M. S. “The Impact of Dwarfing Genes on Wheat Production.” 50 Years of Green Revolution, 2017, pp. 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789813200074_0001.

Health Care Reform Free Sample

Healthcare Reform is a comprehensive policy that has resulted in significant changes to the American healthcare system. Most individuals use the term interchangeably with the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Its primary focus is to ensure that all the residents have equitable and affordable access to medical services when needed (Glied et al., 2023). Again, it has helped address the ever-rising health costs of national health care by individuals, families, and the government. Over the years, the amendment has served many purposes, including increasing the number of insured people, increasing healthcare accessibility, and enhancing the overall quality of care. Despite the many benefits citizens enjoy, the health policy has significant limitations. Examining the benefits and the negative aspects of Healthcare Reform may contribute significantly to assessing the current situation of medical services in various US states, including Florida.

The Benefits and Negative Aspects

The benefits of the Health Reform include expanding health insurance coverage, making healthcare more affordable, and covering more screening. One of the primary goals of health reform is to minimize the number of uninsured. Over the years, the ACA has succeeded in increasing insurance coverage (Kominski et al., 2017). The reform requires all Americans to have health insurance while offering assistance to those who cannot afford a plan. Besides, it protects millions of individuals with preexisting conditions from being denied coverage due to health status. Apart from increasing the number of insured people, the reform has also played a pivotal role in enabling more people to access medical care, primarily low-income individuals. ACA also covers many screenings and preventative services that usually have low deductibles. This practice contributes significantly, allowing to have higher quality and cheaper healthcare.

Some of the negative aspects include higher premium costs, especially for individuals who already have health insurance. Despite the highlighted positive outcomes of the Healthcare Reform, the policy has been highly controversial. Higher insurance premiums and tax increases have been among the leading factors that attract objection and criticism from critics. Recently, the monthly premium prices have increased significantly. This rise emanated from the high number of people with preexisting healthcare coverage (Roland, 2019). In other words, the preexisting condition clause is no longer valid, making the taxpayers cover these costs, which results in higher premiums to meet the needs and cover the extra spending.

Another area that has raised concern over the years is that one may be fined if they do not have insurance. The goal of the Health Reform is to ensure that all US residents are insured year-round. Thus, when an individual is uninsured and does not obtain an exemption, they are subject to a modest fine. Some individuals feel the policy is intrusive since it forces everyone to have health insurance. However, the reform’s supporters defend the move, indicating that not having coverage passes one’s healthcare expenses onto everyone else.

The Current Situation of Healthcare Services in Florida

Florida ranks low in health services. It is near the bottom among all US states for healthcare based on cost, accessibility, and medical outcomes. Even before the Covid-19 outbreak, most Floridians were uninsured. The state also has a significant percentage of elderly and individuals with disabilities. One of the reasons for the high insurance costs in the form is that Florida employees cover less of the expenses than workers in other states. Again, the ACA does not provide subsidies for individuals with low income. It is among the states yet to expand Medicaid eligibility as allowed by the Health Reform (Norris, 2022). Instead, Florida law called for the residents to have Medicaid.

The opponents of the Medicaid expansion have typically cited the concern that their states will likely encounter rising medical costs. However, Medicaid expansion is one of the most efficient and economical programs that may enable the state to extend coverage to many low-income Floridians. In states like Florida that are reluctant to embrace the expansion, individuals eligible for Medicaid and those in the low-income group are in a severe coverage gap. Indeed, residents need an inclusive health insurance plan that increases care accessibility and affordability whenever needed without worrying whether one can afford it. As a result, Florida should consider expanding Medicaid eligibility while making it easier for people to apply for the program and stay covered to improve its health services, affordability, accessibility, and patient outcomes.

Conclusion

Since the Health Reform was signed into law more than a decade ago, the American healthcare system has witnessed remarkable progress. The initiative has significantly increased access to affordable health coverage and medical care. Expanding the publicly funded Medicaid program helped reduce the number of people without health coverage across the US. Despite the provision of this law, some countries are yet to expand Medicaid eligibility. The practice has seen some states rank low in health services. Hence, it is evident that the reform is pivotal in advancing health equity and enhancing the health of all Americans.

References

Glied, S. A., Ma, S., & Borja, A. (2023). Effect of the Affordable Care Act on health care access. Commonwealth Fund. https://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/issue-briefs/2017/may/effect-affordable-care-act-health-care-access

Kominski, G. F., Nonzee, N. J., & Sorensen, A. (2017). The Affordable Care Act impacts low-income populations’ access to insurance and health care. Annual Review of Public Health38(1), 489-505. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031816-044555

Norris, L. (2022, January 28). ACA Medicaid expansion in Florida [Updated 2022 guide]. healthinsurance.org. https://www.healthinsurance.org/medicaid/florida/

Roland, J. (2019, August 17). The pros and cons of ObamaCare. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/consumer-healthcare-guide/pros-and-cons-obamacare