Greenwashing And Businesses Sample College Essay

Explain greenwashing and why businesses would participate in greenwashing.

Giving false information or spreading false impressions about how environmentally friendly a company’s products are is known as “greenwashing.” It is regarded as an unsupported claim intended to lead customers to believe that a particular company’s products are always environmentally friendly. For instance, businesses that engage in greenwashing may assert that the products they sell have energy-saving features (Solomon, 2017). Even though some of these claims are accurate, businesses that engage in greenwashing typically exaggerate the advantages to mislead customers. Additionally, businesses engage in greenwashing to capitalize on the growing consumer demand for environmentally friendly goods, foster positive relationships with the general public, and enhance their brand image. This paper thus discusses greenwashing and the motivations behind corporate participation.

Because they believe that being seen by customers as ethical increases profitability, many businesses engage in greenwashing. People worldwide realize the importance of considering the environment when making daily decisions and purchases. Customers are more likely to make purchases today from businesses that are thought to offer environmentally friendly products (Solomon, 2017). Customers frequently consider businesses that are more sustainable to be ethical. As a result, they frequently choose to patronize companies they believe to be sustainable in their business practices. As a result, many companies are working hard to improve the sustainability of their operations to win over customers.

As a result, they resort to greenwashing to continue to appear ethical to customers. Additionally, many companies engage in “greenwashing” to win the public. People are punishing businesses that don’t appear to incorporate environmentally friendly practices into their operations as society becomes more environmentally conscious. As a result, these public preferences for more environmentally friendly services and goods are compelling businesses worldwide to adopt environmentally friendly practices (Solomon, 2017). However, this demand for going green is leading to an increase in the number of businesses claiming to be going green, even though they rarely adopt these practices. Significantly, the public is more drawn to a business that makes environmental claims than to one that rarely cares about the environment or uses harmful practices.

Businesses are increasingly engaging in greenwashing activities due in large part to their poor understanding of what they are actually doing. Notably, many businesses lack the knowledge necessary to help them distinguish between practices that are truly beneficial to the environment from those that are not. For instance, a business in Australia began using biodegradable plastic to be more sustainable, but the plastic only partially broke down before breaking into smaller pieces (Solomon, 2017). The business only needed compostable bags but lacked the knowledge to identify the best eco-friendly materials.

In conclusion, greenwashing occurs when a business or organization spends more time and money on marketing to convince clients that it is sustainable when it is not. Many businesses engage in this activity to boost consumer demand, foster goodwill among the general public and improve brand recognition. In addition, many businesses now claim to be eco-friendly in their operations even though they are not because of the shift in consumer demands toward wanting more environmentally friendly products. Therefore, businesses should refrain from greenwashing because doing so could damage their reputation once the truth comes out.


Solomon, R. (2017). Purchasing, possessing, and being: Consumer Behavior. ISBN 13: 978-0-134-12993-8, Pearson.

Gutmann’s Conception Of Democratic Education Free Essay

Democratic education is, in essence, a philosophical issue that aims to challenge the current issue between individual freedom and civic virtue. Gutmann uses this philosophical issue to prove and promote the concept of democratic education. The tensions surrounding individual freedom and civic virtue have led to several philosophical alternatives that provide a compelling argument for democratic education (Gutmann 1990). In essence, these alternatives barely reduce the tensions providing a pragmatic way of living these tensions (Gutmann 1990). This is the opposite of the education theory, which ensures it provides a principled approach to these tensions. In examining these alternatives to democratic education, Gutmann provides a simplistic way to promote and advance the theory of democratic education. Thus, his conception of democratic education follows his assessment of these alternatives to democratic education weaknesses, which this essay also follows.

The primary alternatives include the family state and the liberal state, which are philosophical conceptions attempting to reduce and eliminate the tensions between individual freedom and civic virtue (Gutmann 1990). The Platonic family state options call for a society that educates children that pursuing their good is immoral and wrong unless they contribute to their social good. Social good is a critical premix of this alternative with which all children must identity their interests (freedom) with this social good (civic virtue) (Gutmann 1990). This reasoning has failed Americans who have enormously searched for the best system that dissolves these tensions (Gutmann 1990). Thus, these alternatives fail to provide a compelling alternative that adequately dissolves these problems without creating others.

However, the family state proposes a solution to these tensions between civic virtue and individual freedom, and its solutions come at high moral costs (Gutmann 1990). The two aspects of this moral cost include the repression children must live with to align to this social good and the political tyranny justified based on educational enlightenment (Gutmann 1990). However, educational enlightenment comes at the cost of individualism, or individual identity lost to social good, which children are compelled to achieve through their interests (Gutmann 1990). In essence, Gutmann resolves that the family state creates more problems than it solves since, using the Socrates approach, someone ought to be wiser than him, or the Platonic approach, which requires governing to politically legitimize the association of individual freedom with civic virtue (Gutmann 1990). Therefore, using the family state, children are undermined in finding an individual identity and, as such, fail to attain their freedom, the opposite of the philosophical approach attempts to dissolve these tensions.

The philosophy of the liberal state is no different from the family state, as it fails to eliminate the tensions between individual freedom and civic virtue, providing another justification for democratic education. The significant differences between a liberal state are that it promotes institutions that support individual freedom and choice. This child-centered approach to education promotes children’s choices by limiting these choices so that children can develop rational choices (Gutmann 1990). Rational choices are critical in promoting a cultural coherence system, such as the American education choice of teaching children English primarily to advance its culture (Gutmann 1990). Moral development is not a justifiable reason for limiting children’s choices, with the liberal state building on culture rather than morality. The liberal state advocates for neutrality, which is evident in American education (Gutmann 1990). Hence, the liberal state’s attempt at teaching children these cultural prejudices is not a substitute for educating children on morality or the principles of morality.

The theory of democratic education develops due to the challenges of both the liberal state and the family state, which require children to choose between liberty and virtue. This choice limits children’s freedom and is morally wrong (Gutmann 1990). Gutmann’s conception is made possible by the challenges of the state and family states. Philosophically democratic education does not offer the solution to individual freedom or civic virtue but makes educational deliberations possible between institutions for these pesky educational problems (Gutmann 1990). These democratic deliberations offer enlightened choices compared to other approaches due to their consideration of the values and virtues of communities compared to those that do not consider these values and virtues (Gutmann 1990). Democratic education is also bounded by other rules that eliminate policies that might be repressive and discriminatory (Gutmann 1990). Thus, these are rules that preserve the foundations of democracy, both social and intellectual.

Any democracy must uphold approaches that are not discriminatory and repressive in any way, upholding the essence of democracy. Children’s education must be constrained to education that shapes and promotes their participation in society, both culturally and individually, upholding social virtues that make up each society (Gutmann 1990). Democratic education is based on political morality, which states that governing requires one to be governed first. This conception is not free of challenges but provides a collective way for citizens can resolve these challenges (Gutmann 1990). In essence, democratic education calls for an alternative approach to the fundamentalist approach to knowledge and morality. This is because the fundamentalist view challenges neutrality (Gutmann 1990). Fundamentalists undermine democratic education and reject the democratic approach that acknowledges the rational differences of opinion that call for deliberation to mutually shape the way of life alongside these differences (Gutmann 1990). Therefore, fundamentalist approaches limit these differences in opinions that constitute our individualism.

The theory of democratic education calls for educational practices that are not repressive. However, as Gutmann expounds, the subject of repressive is also used to critique what entails a democratic education. This critique is based on the idea that democratic teachings amount to repressive education since it fails to consider fundamentalist views. However, Gutmann offers alternative reasoning in support of democratic education, and this is a clarification of repressive education policies. Repressive practices discourage rational understanding or inquiry, which is fundamentalist views. In essence, democratic education, through its approach that calls for deliberation among educational institutions and other stakeholders, promotes rational inquiry and understanding of its practices. Any democratic institution that does not live to these ideals of democracy fails to promote democratic education. Democratic education calls for institutions and the education approach to grant all stakeholders power. Still, authority is retained by these institutions, a reason no majority has the right to eliminate sexual education or create separate racial schools. Therefore, democratic education calls for an approach that eliminates the biases of fundamentalist views.

In conclusion, Gutmann’s conception of democratic education starts by examining the present alternatives that attempt to eliminate tensions between individual freedom and civic virtue. However, these alternatives are the basis of democratic education, giving its view an informed argument. Hence, democratic education calls for deliberations among all stakeholders who hold power within education institutions to institute changes that promote the overall social good but lack authority despite being the majority to institute repressive educational approaches.


Gutmann, A. (1990). Democratic education in difficult times. Teachers College Record, 92, 7-20.

Annotated Bibliography On Habitat Loss In Washington DC Free Essay

Source one

Landscape Washington. “Washington’s Biodiversity.” Landscope America, 8 Mar. 2019, Accessed 31 Oct. 2022.

According to Landscope Washington, habitat loss is a massive consequence of biodiversity. The conversion of our natural land for residential purposes and commercial growth is a primary technique in which habitat is permanently lost in Washington, Dc. Without proper planning, this inappropriate conversion could happen in a scattered and decentralized pattern, taking a considerable amount of land and bringing unrequired fragmentation of our beautiful landscape. This case has been in Washington in recent decades, and the impacts are not only the loss of habitat but natural corridors.

The author states that the degradation of essential ecosystem services that ensure clean air and water, contribute to climate regulation, and reduce natural disasters are highly affected. The fragmentation of Washington’s landscape has dramatically affected its biodiversity immensely. The developments of roads and commercial premises have contributed to reducing natural vegetation. Large patches are more beneficial than vegetation because of the species-region relationship, where the richness of species accelerates with habitat capacity. According to the author, biodiversity sort of doubles with every increase in habitat area. Large patches are critical for ecosystem services like filtering nutrients, preventing soil erosion, giving pollinators for various crops, and removal of carbon from the air.

Source two

Center, Laura J., et al. “Offsetting impacts of development on biodiversity and ecosystem services.” Ambio 49.4 (2020): 892-902.

Author Sonter indicates that from various research carried out, suppose these current trends continue occurring where lands are cleared for agriculture, all habitats will be dead. The study projects show that 90% of land animals will be extinct. As of now, humans have utilized more than three-quarters of land for our ambitious endeavors, which indicates that 11.6 % of the earth’s 57.3 million miles of natural land are already used. The author states that following a report by nature sustainability if food production does not undergo a severe transformation, nature is poised to lose 1.3 million of lands to agriculture before the mid-century.

The author estimates that the transformation of this ecosystem to agriculture will shrink further the remaining small percentage of Washington’s habitat. We must change our consumption and production process if we care about our habitat. There have been critical changes that should be made globally to save our planet from dying further. The researcher states that advancing our crop yield, moving towards a plant-based diet, and eradicating food waste are fundamental steps toward defending our natural habitat. Strategies should be facilitated to ensure the complete restoration of our natural environment to help preserve our species.

The writer states that Washington Biodiversity Council works tirelessly to promote and sustain biodiversity. The natural habitat must be maintained according to the total capacity of all its life forms, which is vital to the economy of Washington Dc and life quality. It works to ensure that its citizens are encouraged to advance stewardship of the natural heritage for the good of future generations. The council is working to implement various reforms to ensure conservation strategies are in place. The techniques put in place are subjected to significant areas like land usage and growth, education, outreach, incentives and markets, science and information, and accomplishing positive results.

The lengthy achievement of implementing strategies and ensuring their success requires accountability and leadership. Washington Biodiversity Council is regulating the original implementation of the technique and growing a biodiversity scorecard to ensure that the state is progressing forward and not backward. Additionally, the council aims to educate, inform, and engage scholars and the public concerning the essence of biodiversity to life quality. According to the author, building and conserving will enhance the restoration of Washington’s ecosystem. Scientific research and a variety of study, it has helped immensely to comprehend Washington’s biodiversity.

Source three

Gass, Susan, et al. “Exploring the value of a BioBlitz as a biodiversity education tool in a post-secondary environment.” Environmental Education Research 27.10 (2021): 1538-1556.

Gass BioBlitz is an important event whose main objective is to identify different species in a given area within a short time. At the BioBlitz event, friends, families, scholars, and community members coordinate to gather the overall number of plants, fungi, animals, and other organisms that live in that area. The cornerstone of BioBlitz took place in Washington, DC., where a Biodiversity Festival followed it. According to the researcher, the booth demonstrates how different resources can be utilized to assist in identifying and acquiring more knowledge concerning all living species around Washington. For the sake of coordinating data and synthesizing information about biodiversity, the event is an integral part of Washington’s Dc, which helps contribute to more knowledge that will assist in safeguarding the environment. According to the author, the event is a participation of the whole community, and during this, knowledge is acquired, passed, and digest through fun activities. BioBlitz event is crucial in the steps towards conserving the natural environment, and it is through this that people can learn more about our environment. Exploration of the domain is essential in learning and understanding more about Washington’s biodiversity and guaranteeing its safety.

Source four

Thompson, Luke. “Habitat loss means Washington sage grouse in trouble.” The Yakima Herald-Republic,18 Aug. 2018, Accessed 31 Oct. 2022.

The author says habitat loss is the primary driver of biodiversity distinction in inland and terrestrial water structures. Conversion of the natural systems like forests, grasslands, and woodlands to become agricultural lands has decreased the region’s natural design and contributed massively to the reduction of specie richness in Washington D.C. According to a variety of meta-analyses, there has been an indication that species richness and abundance have seen a decline after the conversion of natural land. Although not all species have been eradicated, others could become converted habitats.

Conversion of the natural land started after agriculture’s establishment decades ago and continues to this modern age. The expansiveness of conversion plus extensive human alterations of the surrounding contributed to the notion that our planet is currently in the era of Anthropocene. The increasing human population in Washington, along with the growth of wealth and food demand, increase in demand for fibers and wood have driven land conversion that caused habitat loss. According to researchers’ projections, more will be needed to accomplish the production increase of food and forest products in the future. Habitat loss in the terrestrial system and especially forests in Washington Dc are at significant risk if the necessary changes are not implemented to prevent it.

Source five

Vapes, Lynda. “Endangered wildlife, habitat burned in Washington’s wildfires.” The Seattle Times, PhysOrg, 16 Sept. 2020, Accessed 31 Oct. 2022.

Author Vapes states that Washington Dc is favorably blessed with a rich and natural heritage. Although, the existence of the beautiful estate must not be taken for granted with the increase in environmental pollution. The writer says that Washington Dc has several challenges that need to be taken care of before they progress into something serious that will disturb the environment. For example, population growth and consistent development, increase in habitat loss, increase in need for water storage, and better sources of energy. Alteration of natural processes (e.g., frequent and severe wildfires), climate change, and invasive species are examples of difficulties Washington Dc is currently going through that require urgent solutions.

According to the author, the biggest challenge ahead is making informed decisions concerning development and growth. The utilization of natural resources must also be considered so that the state can sustain its social health, economy, and ecology. The population of Washington is now at six million, which has doubled in the last forty years. The city of Washington is expected to have at least eight million residents before the year 2030. This significant growth is expected to be more in Spokane and Clark counties. New homes, water structures, and commercial buildings will be needed with this increase. All the advancements will contribute to the pressures on the ecosystems and species.

Source six

Gustafsson, Lena, et al. “Retention as an integrated biodiversity conservation approach for continuous-cover forestry in Europe.” Ambio 49.1 (2020): 85-97.

Land usage change is remarkably the significant pervasive socioeconomic aspect that results in changes and decreases in the ecosystem. Urban development, urbanization, human activities, and agriculture have decreased Washington’s landscape. Through these disturbances, there has been a massive loss of natural habitat, services, and processes that have extensive, lengthy consequences. Over 34% of Washington’s land is utilized as farmland which amounts to 14.7 million acres. Farmland gives valuable habitat for a lot of wildlife. However, intensive agriculture has severe consequences on the ecosystem of Washington. For instance, it has come to light that land use for agriculture and various practices causes water pollution, and government rules facilitate these impacts.

Source Seven

Stewart, Brian. “Waking the “Sleeping Giant”: An introduction to road ecology and habitat fragmentation in Washington State.” Urban Ecology, 1 Mar. 2018, Accessed 31 Oct. 2022.

According to Brian Stewart, the ecology of the road had once been called the “sleeping giant in conservation ecology” by Alexander and Foreman. The author says that the giant is for sure waking up now. It is essential to understand that road ecology is defined as the interaction of the environment and organisms connected to vehicles. Much research has been related to the fragmentation of habitat and permeability of structure, which elaborates on the negative impacts that roads have on wildlife and ecosystems. The authors say not all species are affected by the rapid growth of roads, and some species thrive as incredibly invasive species. However, for many species, roadways and habitat loss are linked to an increase in environmental degradation.

Source Eight

Ricketts, Ryan B. Walter E. Fauntroy and the Self-Determination of Washington, DC, 1965–1979. Diss. Morgan State University, 2021.

According to this author, Washington Dc is famous for the Metro, museums, and memorials. It is a home to political leaders with notable structures like the White House and Capital Building. Since Washington Dc was founded in 1970, it has been essential to American destinations. Therefore, there is a need to implement strategies that will ensure the environment’s protection and preservation. Washington Dc is home to a large diversity of animals and plants. It has 240 bird species, 21 reptiles, 78 fish species, 19amphibians, and 29 mammals. The author says that Endangered Specie Act gives a listing and identification of endangered and threatened species with their habitats. The law is designed to secure the extinction of vulnerable plants and animals. Efforts to maintain biological diversity through utilizing Endangered Species should focus on habitats at a greater risk of eradication efficiently in Washington, Dc.


Gustafsson, Lena, et al. “Retention as an integrated biodiversity conservation approach for continuous-cover forestry in Europe.” Ambio 49.1 (2020): 85-97.

Gass, Susan, et al. “Exploring the value of a BioBlitz as a biodiversity education tool in a post-secondary environment.” Environmental Education Research 27.10 (2021): 1538-1556.

Gustafsson, Lena, et al. “Retention as an integrated biodiversity conservation approach for continuous-cover forestry in Europe.” Ambio 49.1 (2020): 85-97.

Landscope Washington. “Washington’s Biodiversity.” Landscope America, 8 Mar. 2019, Accessed 31 Oct. 2022.

Sonter, Laura J., et al. “Offsetting impacts of development on biodiversity and ecosystem services.” Ambio 49.4 (2020): 892-902.

Stewart, Brian. “Waking the “Sleeping Giant”: An introduction to road ecology and habitat fragmentation in Washington State.” Urban Ecology, 1 Mar. 2018, Accessed 31 Oct. 2022.

Thompson, Luke. “Habitat loss means Washington sage grouse in trouble.” The Yakima Herald-Republic,18 Aug. 2018, Accessed 31 Oct. 2022.

Vapes, Lynda. “Endangered wildlife, habitat burned in Washington’s wildfires.” The Seattle Times, PhysOrg, 16 Sept. 2020, Accessed 31 Oct. 2022.