Harold Pinter’s The Birthday Party Essay Sample For College

The Birthday Party, an ironic title for Harold Pinter’s play, fails to disguise its ominous and gloomy nature. As a “comedy of menace,” the play explores themes of existential turmoil, absurdity, and chaos. Conveying a sense of absurdity, The Birthday Party reflects the belief that life has no inherent purpose or value, rendering intellectual understanding an impossible task. Stanley Webber has a unique birthday celebration style that deviates from the norm. The tension between humanity’s need for meaning and life’s emptiness is a recurring theme in literature and is often presented by human narrators with peculiar humor. Birthday parties typically involve festive staples like cake, confetti, balloons, and music, but not in Stanley Webber’s case. By two strangers, the protagonist of Harold Pinter’s play is convinced that it is his birthday, which he doubts is authentic. The three-act, absurdist play, The Birthday Party, includes characters Meg and Petey Boles, who run a boarding house near the beach. In their portrayal of a tenant named Stanley, the couple causes both laughter and fear. Regardless of objections, Meg has planned a birthday party for Stanley, which is the central focus of the play’s plot.

The first act of The Birthday Party establishes the play’s tone, with characters having seemingly pointless talks and performing meaningless deeds. This act introduces Stanley, a reclusive pianist, and Meg, his landlord, planning a party to celebrate his birthday. The disarray in this act is reflected in Meg’s tendency to get sidetracked and forgetful and in the mystery surrounding Stanley’s identity and profession. Pinter satirizes the useless small talk people use to get through relationships right at the start of the play. Since Meg and Petey are both in their sixties and have probably been married for a long time, the indifference in their interactions is likely to remain permanent. Meg makes Petey keep up with her daily chatter by inquiring about cornflakes and the paper and acting as if the gender of a stranger’s baby matters to her (Pinter Pg. 3). Petey’s explanations are soothing but ultimately pointless. He always gives Meg the answers she’s looking for. However, Stanley does not do so and instead tells her that the milk is sour, the housekeeping is terrible, and the house is falling apart (Pinter P. 9). Stanley and Petey’s statements are opposed to one another, and it’s unclear whether or not they’re exaggerating for effect.

Stanley recommends they take a trip together to Lulu in their brief talk. After asking Stanley where they would go, a bewildered Lulu is told by Stanley that “nowhere” (Page 16). Lulu wonders why they would bother traveling somewhere that doesn’t exist, but Stanley says it doesn’t make a difference. Although brief, this exchange illuminates critical aspects of the protagonists’ worldviews. Stanley is looking for a way out of his daily routines and wants to travel with Lulu wherever possible. This could be a yearning for novelty and a change of pace.

Act Two brings even more confusion as Goldberg and McCann enter, upsetting the equilibrium between Stanley and Meg. Later that day, Stanley and McCann meet in Stanley’s living room. McCann is hesitant to let Stanley go, and Stanley’s anxiety levels rise as they converse. Stanley insists it is not his birthday and accuses Meg of being insane. Goldberg walks in, and the two of them start questioning Stanley. Strangely, Stanley is suspected of murdering his wife after answering one of their inquiries. Stanley says he has no idea what they’re talking about, but he starts acting strangely. When the two men take over Stanley’s room, the rest of the household is in disarray. For instance, Goldberg responded to Meg’s inquiry about his occupation: “I’m a specialist. Many folks seek me out for help. This comment makes listeners uneasy since they have no idea what kind of expert Goldberg is claiming to be. Act Two continues the existentialism theme, especially in Goldberg and McCann’s treatment of Stanley. They make him doubt his existence by casting doubt on who he is and why he was put here. Goldberg, who goes by “Nat,” claims to have previously been known as both “Simey” and “Benny” in his recollections, and he calls McCann “Dermot” when speaking to Petey but “Seamus” when speaking to McCann (Pinter Pg. 29, 87, 92, and 93). In light of these discrepancies, these people’s names and identities are still in the air.

In Act Three, the mayhem comes to a head as Stanley’s birthday party escalates into a deadly brawl. All the characters are inebriated and acting erratically. All the play’s themes of disorder and existentialism come together in this final act. Stanley’s world has been flipped upside down by Goldberg and McCann’s presence, and he’s fighting to make sense of it all. As a result of Goldberg’s probing, Stanley loses touch with who he is and where he fits in the world. Stanley is shown as a frail and uncertain character trying to make sense of a chaotic and unpredictable environment. In Stanley’s character development, existentialism takes center stage as he tries to comprehend himself and the world around him. His physical decline portrays his mental and emotional deterioration in this segment. Stanley’s acceptance of his loneliness and vulnerability when confronted with his oppressors demonstrates existential ideas. A crucial moment for him is amid chaos and disorder – acceptance and self-discovery. He must face the harsh reality of his being and decide his individuality.


The Birthday Party by Harold Pinter serves as a prime example of the chaos and existentialism prevalent within the theater. With the first act alone, the audience quickly observes that the characters have no definitive purpose and exhibit confusing thoughts. Furthermore, their unsteady conduct and ambiguous motives only exacerbate the overall disarray. This theatrical production effectively delves into the enigmatic nature of human existence in a manner that echoes the philosophy of existentialism, ultimately leaving us with numerous unresolved inquiries. The human experience is characterized by fears and doubts, which Pinter brilliantly examines in his play.

Work Cited

Pinter, Harold. The Birthday Party: A Play in Three Acts. S. French, 1988.

Hinduism In Modern Society Sample Essay


Hinduism, one of the world’s oldest and most practiced religions, has adapted to modern times. It promotes morality and has influenced many beliefs and lifestyles. Hinduism guides hundreds of millions worldwide in many aspects of life (History.com Editors). This study examines Hinduism’s present significance. This article will examine Hinduism’s major virtues, such as nonviolence, tolerance, and worship, and its four noble pursuits to see how it is relevant to modern society. Katie Balkaran, a Hindu, will share her thoughts on how faith affects her daily life. Critiques and scholarly studies will analyze these subjects, particularly Gandhi’s teachings and their relevance today.

Hinduism is an ancient religion that has evolved into a beautiful and important modern religion. Its spiritual and intellectual teachings come from the Vedas, which include the Upanishads. Hindus believe in a Supreme Being, Karma, Dharma, or morality. Hindu morality and justice are based on Dharma, which promotes truth, life, and the preservation of all that is good. Hinduism values nonviolence, tolerance, worship, and the four noble pursuits (Dharma, artha, kama, and moksha) (History.com Editors). Hinduism emphasizes nonviolence as a lifelong practice. Tolerance, which promotes compassion and understanding for all faiths and beliefs, including Hinduism, is equally crucial. Hindus also worship to connect with the divine. Finally, life’s four noble pursuits—Dharma, artha, kama, and moksha—are to maintain one’s ethics and morality, pursue financial wealth and success, seek pleasure and satisfaction, and seek freedom from all worldly attachments.

These attributes bring Hindus spiritual knowledge, cultural awareness, and morality. Katie Balkaran, a Hindu convert, was interviewed to discuss these ideas and their significance to modern culture. The following section details this interview. In addition to personal experience, my study will examine Hinduism’s trustworthiness and relevance in the modern world using scholarly research and articles. This research will examine Gandhi’s teachings and their relevance. I’ll also examine religion studies and philosophy specialists’ views on Hinduism and modern society’s best practices. This paper analyses Hinduism’s relevance today through personal experience, interviews, and scholarly research. This thesis concludes by summarising the important topics and demonstrating how Hinduism’s ideas, morals, and teachings are relevant and necessary in current society.

Major Virtues of Hinduism


Hinduism’s core value is nonviolence or ahimsa. Ahimsa goes beyond nonviolence to revere all life. Kindness, compassion and the belief that all living things ought to live harm-free are ahimsa (Kauai’s Hindu Monastery). Hindus emphasize nonviolence and harmlessness in all elements of their religion, from reverence for nature to vegetarianism. Nonviolence is part of the law of karma, which asserts that we all pay for our acts, good and bad. This shows that violence is pointless and can cause more misery. Hinduism’s ahimsa doctrine states that all violence or harm done to another will be returned to the perpetrator, even in the Upanishads. This emphasizes the need to respect all life, as violence will cause us grief.

Gandhi’s ideology emphasizes nonviolence and ahimsa. Gandhi peacefully protested for justice and campaigned for India’s freedom. He advocated civil disobedience to overthrow repressive governments peacefully. He preached that love and peace were the law of our species and should be taught from infancy. Hinduism promotes truth, life, and goodness via nonviolence. Its main virtues—nonviolence, tolerance, worship, and the four noble pursuits—are pertinent to modern culture (Kauai’s Hindu Monastery). The law of karma requires it, and Gandhi and others have practiced it. Ahimsa is still essential today and can be used to protest repressive governments and systems peacefully. Ahimsa, a Hindu principle, can give society hope, understanding, and insight.


Hinduism emphasizes tolerance. Hinduism does not need exclusive devotion or oppose other religions. Hinduism is subject to interpretation; thus, people can interpret it in multiple ways and still follow the faith (Pew Research Center). “All paths lead to the same goal, only they differ in the length of time,” says the Bhagavad Gita. Hinduism emphasizes respecting different faiths. Tolerance includes accepting persons with various viewpoints and religions. Hinduism promotes tolerance and compassion. Respect encompasses persons with various economic and social statuses. Hindus believe in equality regardless of race, faith, gender, or social status. Hinduism encourages acceptance and prevents discrimination through this.

Gandhi taught tolerance via peaceful protest and civil disobedience. He respected all religions and ethnicities and elevated everyone equally. Ahimsa—nonviolence and respect for all life—underpinned his ideology. Thus, Gandhi preached tolerance and motivated many to join him. Hindus believe tolerance protects the good in all living beings (Pew Research Center). Many religions and cultures appreciate it, and practicing it can promote understanding, respect, and acceptance. Hinduism’s tolerance of other religions has helped it adapt to modern culture. Like ahimsa, tolerance helps Hindus live peacefully with others. It can promote peace in modern society.


Hindus worship to connect with the almighty. Prayer, rituals, offerings, and thoughts are worship. These activities help people connect with God and reflect on their spirituality and morality (Srivastava and Kailash 1). Worship can offer calm, comfort, and understanding of the universe to a person’s life. Offerings and mantras accompany Hindu worship. Flowers, fruits, incense, cash, and coconuts can be offered. Offerings honor the sacred and cleanse negative energy. Hindu worshippers connect with spiritual energy and the divine through Vedic and Upanishad mantras. Gandhi advocated Hindu worship and believed people needed to connect with their spiritual selves. He believed Hindu worship required humility, supplication, meditation, and prayer to connect with the divine. He felt worshipping might foster love, understanding, and joy. Modern worship can promote peace and understanding. It helps people connect with the divine, ponder their spirituality, and love and comprehend. Hindu devotion can help people connect with their inner selves and the deeper truths of the cosmos, fostering the inner peace and tranquility needed in modern culture.

Life’s four noble pursuits

Hinduism’s four purusharthas—Dharma, artha, kama, and moksha—are life’s noble pursuits. Hinduism emphasizes Dharma or morality. It follows the gods’ path or divine law. Dharma-followers are rewarded with artha—material success (Gabriel). Kama’s pursuit of pleasure and fulfillment is important and should not be overlooked in favor of Dharma and Artha. The ultimate objective of existence is moksha—liberation from all worldly cravings and attachments. Hinduism’s four noble pursuits balance desire, action, and purpose. These four interests steer an individual’s life and define good, bad, and helpful. Dharma, artha, kama, and moksha explain how to achieve the highest good.

Gandhi followed the four noble pursuits Dharma and Ahimsa. He advocated nonviolence, peaceful protest, and civil disobedience and considered his quest for Indian independence as Dharma and righteousness. He stressed contentment and kama. Gandhi preached moksha and escaped from worldly attachments (Gabriel). He believed that release from cravings was the only way to obtain true freedom and permanent peace. Hindus believe the four noble pursuits lead to happiness and spiritual well-being. Dharma, artha, kama, and moksha provide life order and balance. These activities can encourage morals, success, and riches. They emphasize pleasure and contentment and guide people to ultimate freedom. Hinduism’s four noble pursuits remain relevant today.

Experiences of an Active Follower

Interview with Katie Balkaran

Katie Balkaran was born in the US and raised Hindu. Her family has practiced traditional Hinduism for five years in India. She frequently visits her South Indian parents. This has allowed her to experience Hinduism’s ancient ceremonies and learn more about its philosophy. Katie’s family practiced Hinduism. Her family prayed and offered incense and flowers to Hindu gods every morning. The family worshipped at the local Temple once a week. Finally, the family celebrated Diwali, one of the most important Hindu festivals. Katie also said she practices Hinduism even though she lives abroad. She complimented the religious tradition for promoting peace, nonviolence, and understanding and accepting individuals of different faiths. She thinks Hinduism is global because it promotes respect and excellence. She also feels Hinduism is open to all cultures and races.

Katie said Hinduism strongly affects her daily existence. She said she enjoys praying and meditating. Her spiritual background has also helped her take charge of her life and focus on the positive. Katie examined religion’s role in society. She suggested that it can assist people in navigating life by providing moral principles and ethical rules. She feels Hinduism gives a smart framework and many useful life lessons. She also feels that most individuals may learn valuable lessons from the Hindu faith, regardless of religion. Katie’s experiences show Hinduism’s relevance in current culture. Her interview shows that Hinduism’s core values—nonviolence, tolerance, worship, and the four noble pursuits—are still relevant. Hinduism also appears to provide solace, spiritual guidance, and a system of principles and ethics to follow. Finally, Katie’s experience can benefit everyone, regardless of religion.

Reflections on Personal Views

Katie’s Hinduism experiences are relevant. Hinduism is sometimes dismissed as a dead religion, yet this is untrue. Nonviolence, tolerance, worship, and noble pursuits are still important in Hinduism. Hinduism emphasizes nonviolence. Physical, energetic, psychological, and spiritual nonviolence can be practiced. FaithFaith also promotes tolerance and compassion for all individuals. Hindus worship to connect with the almighty. Usually, prayer, meditation, and chanting. Finally, the four noble pursuits of Dharma, artha, kama, and moksha have remained relevant for thousands of years and are essential for a meaningful and fulfilled existence. Katie’s experiences demonstrate that Hinduism is still practiced and significant to its adherents. Her insights on Hinduism’s spiritual practices and how they have helped her become more aware of her thoughts, intentions, and deeds are fascinating. Prayer and meditation emphasize the capacity of spiritual practice to improve physical and mental health.

Katie’s thoughts on religion’s importance in society are pertinent. She thinks religion can guide people of all religions. Hinduism is a flexible, welcoming faith. Hinduism emphasizes love, peace, and understanding. Thus, its teachings can benefit people of all faiths. Hinduism remains vital to society. Katie Balkaran’s experiences show that Hinduism’s core values and teachings are relevant today. Hinduism may benefit modern civilization by giving morality, justice, and spiritual guidance.

Impact of Hinduism on Daily Life

Hinduism profoundly affects its adherents. Hinduism affects daily life and behavior in Hindu cultures. Hinduism emphasizes peace, tolerance, and respect for all. The religion also advises its members on how to live a harmonious life and achieve enlightenment. Hinduism first emphasizes mercy, kindness, and nonviolence. One of the religion’s most important tenets is apparent in daily life. Hinduism promotes compassion and respect for all life in everything, from speech to action. Religious figures have employed nonviolence to promote justice and human rights in politics and law. Hinduism emphasizes tolerance and nonviolence. Hindus are taught to tolerate and understand everyone. Hindu groups regularly share meals and celebrate festivals, and strive to bridge cultures and schools of thought. Hindus are also expected to aid others in tough or perplexing situations and be tolerant.

Hindu scriptures advocate Dharma or righteousness. Dharma means following God’s will and living a moral existence. It involves artha, kama, moksha, and dharma. Artha is success and worldly wealth, kama is pleasure, moksha is emancipation, and Dharma is morality and ethics. Hindus are instructed to pursue these four goals as the ideal life. Hinduism supports worship, meditation, and study to develop spirituality. Meditation, mantras, and bhakti yoga helps develop the soul and spiritual life in Hinduism. Practitioners are advised to immerse themselves in their spiritual practice to better comprehend reality and the universe. Hinduism changes life; it teaches morality and how to live a worthwhile life. Hindus today practice peace, tolerance, worship, and the four noble pursuits.

Scholarship and Research

Overview of Gandhi’s Teachings

Mahatma Gandhi’s teachings underpin Hinduism’s relevance today. Gandhi championed nonviolence and understanding in Indian culture. He believed in nonviolent protest and famously called for a boycott of British goods, which became a popular movement and impacted power. His teachings and practices promoted empathy, kindness, and compassion despite variations. Gandhi also united India. He worked to unite communities despite religious divides. He advocated for marginalized minorities, which earned him recognition today (Gandhi, Religion, and Multiculturalism: An Appraisal | Religion | Articles on and by Mahatma Gandhi). Gandhi practiced ahimsa, nonviolence, because he believed in the power of truth and the truthfulness of acts. Hinduism emphasizes peace and the dignity of sentient creatures. Gandhi’s principles still apply to modern culture. Many social justice activists follow his belief that nonviolence resolves conflict. With large-scale Hindu-Muslim collaborations, Gandhi’s lessons on religious unity still apply in India. Gandhi keeps Hinduism relevant today. His nonviolence, compassion, and understanding principles are still central to Hinduism. His teachings enable the modern culture to understand how Hindus interact with the spiritual and natural realms, keeping Hinduism relevant.

Research on How His Ideas Are Relevant Today

Gandhi’s teachings are relevant today. His theories, however, steeped in Indian civilization and culture, have global applications. Gandhi preached nonviolence—ahimsa. This is extremely important in a society where political campaigns and dispute resolution increasingly involve physical and psychological force to overcome opposing viewpoints. Gandhi advises calmly resolving conflict. In social justice, nonviolent protest and activism are frequently considered more effective.

Gandhi’s teachings also shaped international relations. His nonviolence has helped nations coexist peacefully through disarmament and non-aggression principles. His lessons of togetherness and understanding have also united individuals of different cultures, faiths, and beliefs. He promoted Hindu-Muslim cooperation in India’s independence struggle (Dalton). “Gandhi saw the need to find common ground between the two great religious traditions, Hinduism and Islam,” Dalton writes in Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action.

Human rights advocacy also shows Gandhi’s importance. “Gandhian nonviolence theory holds much significance to the functioning of human rights in the modern globalized culture,” Kumari writes in her dissertation, Relevance of Gandhian notion of nonviolence: the Indian Perspective (Kumari). His principles offer a route to peace and understanding in worldwide strife. Gandhi’s teachings are relevant today. His pacifism has helped resolve conflicts and promote international peace, and his oneness and knowledge of other cultures and religions contextualize our world. Finally, his views on human rights and social justice still inspire peaceful protest and activism. Gandhi shows how Hinduism is still relevant today.

Examination of Other Scholarly Articles

Scholars have investigated Hinduism’s relevance in modern times beyond Gandhi’s teachings. Contemporary philosophers have investigated Kant’s views on reason’s boundaries. Kant advocated moral autonomy, or the ability to make judgments without external pressure (Guyer). This concept is important to Hinduism since it ties to Dharma or morality. Dharma promotes moral decision-making without external incentives. Hinduism also applies Kant’s beliefs on knowledge’s limits. Kant’s idea that people can only understand so much of the world is repeated in Hindu ideas on life’s unknowns. The Upanishads, a collection of classic Hindu scriptures, emphasize that truth is fully concealed from us and that we must accept our limits in knowing it. Hinduism and Kant agree that humans cannot fully know the world. Kant’s thoughts on morality, knowledge boundaries, and autonomy show Hinduism’s relevance today. His philosophy illuminates Dharma, a core religious notion. His views on human knowledge and life’s complexities also help explain Hinduism. Kant’s philosophy illuminates Hinduism’s relevance in today’s society and its possibilities for spiritual guidance and morality.


To sum up, Hinduism is relevant and important today. A deeper knowledge of how its major values, such as nonviolence, tolerance, worship, and life’s four noble activities, might guide and serve society was achieved by examining them. The conversation with Katie Balkaran and her observations on how Hinduism affects her daily life showed how these ideas are applied. Many scholarly studies explored Gandhi’s teachings and applicability today, supporting their worth and necessity in modern times. Modern culture needs Hinduism. Its morality, spirituality, and philosophy are central to many followers’ beliefs. Its values have been implemented into daily life to promote peace, acceptance, and communal understanding, allowing for the awareness and respect of varied views and backgrounds on an individual and global basis. These ideals can also guide people through difficult times and remind them to pursue truth, life, and everything good. Hinduism’s virtues, teachings, and beliefs are relevant today.

Remembering that Hinduism applies to religious and nonreligious matters is crucial. Hinduism encourages nonviolence and tolerance, which can be used by society and the environment to build a more harmonious and equal world. Even in the midst of immense adversity, Mahatma Gandhi, the originator of the Indian Independence Movement, taught nonviolence. He focused on peace and understanding rather than fighting. In India, Hinduism is relevant to daily life. Through yoga, natural medicines and treatments, meditation, and the inclusion of numerous Hindu Gods, the religion has become a vital part of Indian culture and continues to impact the country. Puja, Vandana, Diwali, and Holi are still celebrated across the Indian subcontinent. Hindus commemorate the life, birth, and parenthood via baby-naming ceremonies and birthdays. These festivals demonstrate Hinduism’s significance in modern culture and how it influences its followers’ daily lives. Modern civilization still uses Hinduism. Its main values and lessons have helped us comprehend and shape human behavior by revealing life’s essential ideas and philosophies. For millennia, Indian culture has blended its practices and beliefs. Hinduism’s nonviolence, understanding, tolerance, and righteousness influence modern society.

Works Cited

Dalton, Dennis. Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent power in action. Columbia University Press, 2012.

Gabriel, Roger. “The Chopra Center.” The Chopra Center, 8 Jan. 2018, chopra.com/articles/purushartha-the-4-aims-of-human-life.

Gandhi, Religion, and Multiculturalism: An Appraisal | Religion | Articles on and by Mahatma Gandhi. “Gandhi, Religion and Multiculturalism: An Appraisal | Religion | Articles on and by Mahatma Gandhi.” Www.mkgandhi.org, 2023, www.mkgandhi.org/articles/gandhi_religion.html.

Guyer, Paul. “KANT on the THEORY and PRACTICE of AUTONOMY.” Social Philosophy and Policy, vol. 20, no. 2, July 2003, pp. 70–98, https://doi.org/10.1017/s026505250320203x.

History.com Editors. “Hinduism.” History, A&E Television Networks, 6 Oct. 2017, www.history.com/topics/religion/hinduism.

Kauai’s Hindu Monastery. “Basics of Hinduism.” Himalayanacademy.com, 2019, www.himalayanacademy.com/readlearn/basics/ahimsa-nonviolence.

Kumari, Rinki. Relevance of Gandhian concept of nonviolence: the Indian Perspective. Diss. University of North Bengal, 2015.

Pew Research Center. “Religion in India: Tolerance and Segregation.” Pew Research Center’s Religion & Public Life Project, 29 June 2021, www.pewresearch.org/religion/2021/06/29/religion-in-India-tolerance-and-segregation/.

Srivastava, S. K., and Kailash Chandra Barmola. “Rituals in Hinduism as related to spirituality.” Indian Journal of Positive Psychology 4.1 (2013): 87-95.

Equal Opportunity In Employment Free Writing Sample

General Authority and Function of EEOC

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) of the United States of America is the body that is responsible for federal laws enforcement, especially by making it illegal and punishable when discriminating and employees, worker, and against any job applicant because of their sex, race, religion, ethnicity, genetic information, disability, national origin, and color (Petry, 2018). Sex involves sexual orientation, pregnancy, and transgender status. The EEOC laws apply to all work situations involving wages, harassment, benefits, hiring, promotions, training, and firing. The three main laws enforced by EEOC include EPA to ensure all employees receive equal pay, ADA for all Americans with disabilities, and ADEA to end employment discrimination.

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has the power and authority to file a lawsuit protecting public interests and individual rights by litigating a few common cases. The EEOC considers certain factors before they decide to file a lawsuit. Such factors include case issues, the strength and magnitude of the evidence, and the vast impact the lawsuit could have on EEOC’s efforts toward combating workplace discrimination. In addition, the EEOC provides guidance and leadership to agencies present in the federal and at all stages of the equal employment opportunity programs in the federal government. Further, EEOC works with federal agencies in the state to ensure all the questions are answered, to conduct training on rules and laws to protect the employees from discrimination, and to develop materials to be used in education.

EEOC prevents discrimination before its occurrence by giving presentations to employers and employees, and it contains laws to be enforced. They also write and provide documents concerning the rules and laws required by EEOC to assist employers, applicants, and employees in understanding their workplace responsibilities and rights. The commission is not sued if he promises workplace changes, and in many cases, the employer is sued to fix the problem in court.

Chosen EEOC Case Brief Overview

Two Young Men at Grocery Store in New Jersey Reports Sexual Harassment

The chosen case involves two young men employed in 2020 as Assistant managers in a grocery store in New Jersey. Both young men filed job discrimination complaints to the commission after stopping their work at the grocery store.

The first man stated that he received unexpected sexual comments from a female assistant manager at the store. A few months later, the female worker was promoted to the store manager. The harassment proceeded, and the female manager talked to him about her affairs and sexual desires with other men workers (Krause & Park, 2023). The man continued to report that the female manager suggestively rubbed her body against him in the store, forcing the young man to quit the job due to her store manager’s behavior.

Another man claimed that he experienced similar harassment from the store manager. He said that the manager told other employers that the man was his boyfriend as she flashed her bra at him and called him “baby.” On discovering that the first man quit his job because of the situation, he began complaining and arguing with the manager, who suspended him immediately. On the following day, the young employee complained to the district manager, making him be fired for unprofessional conduct.

After thorough investigations of both complaints, a lawsuit was filed by EEOC against the grocery store. The claims were that the two young men were sexually harassed, violating Title VII of CRA, which prohibits gender harassment and employment discrimination.

Issues Related To the Reported Case Following EEOC Non-Compliance

The most common complaints brought to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission include disability, sex, age, retaliation, and racism cases.

These issues of non-compliance, like striving in an offensive and unfavorable environment, have become a persistent condition in various workplaces and employment. In other words, the conduct is pervasive and severe enough to create a working environment that a reasonable individual would consider abusive, intimidating, and hostile to endure. Non-employees, victims’ supervisors, employer’s agents, a co-worker, and supervisors in another area can be these harassers.

Prevention of workplace harassment is the tool to be employed by the company. Employers are therefore encouraged to correct any lawful harassment in the company and take necessary steps to prevent them from recurring. They should communicate clearly to all company employees that there will be no tolerance for harassing conduct, and if any, it is punishable. Employers should create a favorable working environment so that the employees are confident and free to raise any and be addressed immediately.

Employees are always encouraged to directly inform their harassers that their conduct is unwelcome and that they must stop them or be reported to the higher office. The harassment should be reported to the management earlier to prevent it from escalating to a greater scale.

The Possible Procedures That EEOC Uses When Investigating and Handling the Cases

The six steps EEOC primarily utilizes to investigate and handle cases include the initial complaint, explanation of the process, beginning the investigation, gathering evidence and facts, conducting interviews, and the final step is making a final decision. The reason for the investigation is that the complaints and discrimination would lead to tension in the workplace, damaging the company’s reputation and employees’ relations with the employer. It is essential to fully investigate discrimination and allegations to lower the risk of court battles and costly fines from the government and make employees enjoy working in the company. These discriminations may polarize the workplace, especially since too many relevant personal details leak to the accuser (Baumle et al., 2020).

To intervene in the cases, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission filed a lawsuit claiming that punishing the second young man was illegal after complaining of harassment (Zawada, 2018). The filed cases are still in court, and if a settlement does not solve it, the jury will be presented with this case by EEOC to determine if the grocery store company should be held responsible for the behavior of the female manager.

Analysis of the Potential Punishments or Sanctions That EEOC May Impose the Non-Compliant Employers

The punishments and sanctions imposed by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) organ for non-compliance of the employers are punitive damages and compensatory that may only be awarded in cases involving intentional discrimination and harassment. The company and the employer are required to end any practice of discrimination and encouraged to take possible steps to future harassment are prevented. In addition, sanctions issuance, for example, sanctions in the form of sanctions against those involved in harassment or discrimination. For instance in the selected case, if the grocery store manager really harassed the two young men, then the EEOC will order remedial action including back pay and other compensations.

When the harassment or allegation of discrimination is false or lacks merit, the employer should not take negative action against the complainant for filing the case. This is according to anti-retaliation provisions (ARP) of title seven of CRA, 1964.


Baumle, A. K., Badgett, M. L., & Boutcher, S. (2020). New research on sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination: Effect of state policy on charges filed at the EEOC. Journal of Homosexuality67(8), 1135-1144.

Krause, G. A., & Park, J. (2023). How status‐group power differentials shape age discrimination within US federal agencies: Evidence from EEOC formal complaint filings, 2010–2019. Public Administration Review83(1), 51-64.

Petry, E. E. (2018). Master of its case: EEOC investigations after issuing a right-to-sue notice. The University of Chicago Law Review85(5), 1227–1268.

Zawada, B. (2018). Me Too: The EEOC, workplace sexual harassment, and the modern workplace. Wis. JL Gender, & Soc’y, pp. 33, 199.