Health Promotion To Meet The Identified Health Need Essay Sample For College

Hughes (1999) has offered ten strong reasons why social workers should be included in the behavioral health plan for community support. He is sure that social workers are close to mentally ill people and their intervention is helpful and promotes recovery. Being isolated from family and friends, in some cases, people suffer greatly. Socialization and recreation are the health community needs patients to require and should be offered. CHARG Resource Center offers such an opportunity (Manning, 2000). Looking at the situation in the world and the prejudiced relation to mentally ill people, much attention should be paid to HIV-infected. These people are in higher danger. Thus, the health promotion program should be directed in the relation to these people as well. Considering the data, 70% of HIV-infected people require professional psychiatric help, but only 54 among them managed to get professional assistance (Taylor et al, 2004). The creation of the health promotion program for medical workers directed at offering them information about mentally ill people and their sociable needs may improve the general situation. Much attention should be paid to people with specific health problems, like HIV. As the basis for health promotion programs should be taken Hughes’s (1999) idea. He is sure that social workers should take part in dealing with mentally ill people. The needs of mentally ill people are met in this way, they have the connection with the community and may get rid of their fears about prejudiced attitudes. However, social workers and nurses are not professionals in the sphere and their intrusion should be as additional or urgent. Mentally ill people should get professional assistance.


Hughes, W. (1999). Managed care, meet community support: ten reasons to include direct support services in every behavioral health plan. Health & Social Work, 24(2), 103-111.

Manning, S. S. (2000). The CHARG experithe ence with th consumer-professional partnership. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 24(2), 125.

Taylor, S. L., Burnam, M., Sherbourne, C., Andersen, R., & Cunningham, W. E. (2004). The Relationship Between Type of Mental Health Provider and Met and Unmet Mental Health Needs in a Nationally Representative Sample of HIV-Positive Patients. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 31(2), 149-163.

How The Criminal Justice Agencies Reactes To Plight As A Victim

Introduction: Analysis of the cases

After completing the laboratory exercise, I have come to the conclusion that lawsuits based on sexual crime have negative consequences for innocent victims. Therefore, the main problem lies in the legislative process that is harmful to both, the accused and the suffered side. To be more exact, mostly all cases under consideration disclose that the trial itself may cause some psychological deviations during the oppressive cross-examinations. The threat of a psychological outbreak and the fear that the trial might potentially have a negative outcome should be the major concern of the investigation process. Moreover, my personal experience witnessed an inappropriate investigation procedure during which I experienced the abhorrent legal process of my personal sexual abuse case.

There arrives an assumption that criminal establishment rarely meet the victims’ needs thus infringing the moral and ethical norms

Judging upon the presented cases, there arrives an assumption that criminal establishments rarely meet the victims’ needs thus infringing the moral and ethical norms. The problem is aggravated as far as the matter of property and psychological pressure are concerned. In addition, numerous victims greatly suffered from the media and prosecutors’ rudeness. This problem is too close to me, as an outcome of the case led to psychological instability and further medical treatment.

Personal experience

At the current moment, criminal justice institutions have witnessed some minor improvements, as they feel more conscious of the plight submitted by the victims. To be more exact, criminal agencies pay the most attention to the family lawsuits thus treating them in a more proper way. Another reason for this reform was the presence of sexual abuse cases referred to the legal members. The changes are of significant value for teen victims who have a greater probability of trial to cause the post-traumatic disorder. Careful consideration of the victims’ plights considerably fostered the trial procedures.

The shortcomings of the criminal agencies and problems arising out of that

The laboratory exercise reveals the cases of childhood sexual abuse and act of violence committed by their parents. My story also discloses the rude treatment of my parents towards me. I was too small and limited in my possibilities to react and to address any criminal agencies. However, when the investigation uncovered the infringement my parents were accused of the violence inflicted on me. Further, I had to endure the horrible trial where the crime investigators made me answer their constantly repeated questions. After that, the legal procedure subjected me to routine cross-examination without taking my age and oral health into consideration. They established no limits for media and journalists in access to the trial thus ignoring the security of their defendants. My experience shows that the victim might suffer even more, as the tortures you underwent could be enhanced by the low level of competence of the corresponded legislative bodies. Due to that, I had to overcome the hardships of the lawsuit and experience the moral pressure from the prosecutor and from the accused. Moreover, the mediator presented at the court did infuse the trust, as their obligation was fully accomplished (Reddington et al. 2005).


In conclusion, accurate and consistent analysis of the given cases and my experience, in particular, shows that court interference with the personal endeavors of the victims foresees an inevitable impact on their further life. In that regard, the abuse of authority and inadequate conduct of crime investigation destructs the image of the law system as a guard of human safety. Relying on the cases, most problems are also connected with a quality of the trial process that leads the juridical mistakes in documentation.

Works Cited

Reddington, F. P. 7& Kreisel, B. W. (2005). Sexual assault: the victims, the perpetrators, and the criminal justice system. US: Carolina Academic Press.

Tests And Scaling Tools In Social Studies

Social science researchers have a responsibility towards effective assessment and measurement of works conducted by others through appropriate usage of test and scaling tools (Sahn & Stifel, 2000, p.96). One, therefore, as a social science researcher needs to acquaint himself or herself with these tools to be able to carry out measurement of data in several disciplines as may be required (Krzanowski & Marriott, 1994a). For most of the time, a critique of the tools used by others becomes very necessary for self-development (Chatfield & Collins, 1980). A scaling method, by explanation, has to do with organizing data in terms of quantitative attributes (Everitt & Dunn, 2001, p.18; Everitt et. al, 2001, p.68). Lately, easier-to-use scaling tools such as the SPSS have been developed to institute a change in how scientific data is been dealt with. With such a tool, analysts are better equipped to transform variables by simply clicking a bottom (Oppenheim, 1992). Even though so much has been put together to enhance data analysis, several times, statistical tasks have been considered arduous by researchers. There is always an emergent obstacle that researchers will find distressing rather than been exciting and presenting mastery for important skills.

A number of other scale and test tools, including Wechsler memory- used in the estimation of the memory function of an individual, MMPI- used in the measurement of mental alertness, truthfulness scale- used in determining how reliable one’s truth is, and the Bayley for determining a child’s proper growth-rate, among others, have been put in place for accessing variables (Manly, 1994, p.24).

One other scaling method that is found very useful in social science is the General Linear Model (or the GLM) which is a tool in statistics that is used to effectively incorporate the normal distribution of dependent variables as well as variables that are continuously independent (GenStat, 2002). The GLM’s SPSS procedures affords one the opportunity to operate with specifically generalized linear models in terms of syntactic or dialoguing boxes, and equally makes it possible for one to get outcomes in pivoted tabular format- this is of considerable significance based on the fact that the GLM makes easy the editing of outcomes (De Vaus, 1990, p.36; Krzanowski & Marriott, 1994b, p.6). Otherwise, the several features present on the GLM, therefore, make it possible and easier for one to put together designs that have vacant cells by plotting mean estimations and customizing linearly structured models in conformity with an available research question (Sahn & Stifel, 2000, p.92). Researchers, who have become very conversant with fitting linearly structured models, be they univariate, multivariate or recurring measures, would obviously note the usefulness of GLM procedures (Chatfield & Collins, 1980, p.107). Basic GLM features include sum-of-the-square, estimated-marginal-means, profile plots, as well as custom-hypothesis tests which are optional in 4 approachable measures and are well structured for the evaluation of sums-of-squares (SS). These SS options are quite easy to access. The first type of SS enables the calculation of reduced error SSs through the addition of effects in the model periodically.

The use of multivariate methods in conducting surveying measurements by researchers has proved to be vital in analyzing index constructions as well as in exploring initial-stage data that has specified surveyed subdivisions (Babbie, 1998, p.12; Manly, 1994, p.29). With a good understanding of multivariate methods of sampling, one will certainly appreciate the significance of using such in the determination of index constructions in a very practical angle of consideration. For researchers in the survey, the tool may however not be quite familiar as they are likely to have inadequate knowledge of its usage.

Reference List

Babbie, E. (1998). Survey Research Methods (2nd ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth.

Chatfield, C., & Collins, A.J. (1980). Introduction to Multivariate Analysis. London: Chapman and Hall.

De Vaus, D. A. (1990). Survey in Social Research (2nd ed.). London: Unwin Hyman.

Everitt, B.S., & Dunn, G. (2001). Applied Multivariate Data Analysis. London: Arnold.

Everitt, B.S., Landau, S., & Leese, M. (2001). Cluster Analysis. London: Arnold.

GenStat,. (2002). GenStat for Windows, 6th Edition. Oxford: VSN International Ltd.

Krzanowski, W.J. & Marriott, H.C. (1994a). Multivariate Analysis, Part 1. London: Arnold.

Krzanowski, W.J. & Marriott, H.C. (1994b). Multivariate Analysis, Part 2. London: Arnold.

Manly, B.F. (1994). Multivariate Statistical Methods: A primer, 2nd ed. London: Chapman and Hall.

Oppenheim, A. N. (1992). Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement. London & NY: Continuum.

Sahn, D.E. & Stifel, D. (2000). Assets as a measure of household welfare in developing countries. Washington: Washington University.

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