Hiring Process In Organizations Essay Example

The hiring process in companies can differ from one organization to another depending on the size of the firm, position requirements, and some other different factors. Employees are among the most crucial stakeholders in a company. The hiring process is a core responsibility of the company’s Human Resource Department. This process entails recognizing, attracting, screening, shortlisting, interviewing, selecting, recruiting, and onboarding workers (Bilan et al.,2020). Many firms outsource their hiring needs, while others depend exclusively on advertisements, job boards, and social media channels to hire workers for new positions. This essay highlights the process most companies follow during recruitment to get the most suitable candidate for the advertised position.

An organization’s hiring procedure entails reviewing the candidates’ applications, choosing an appropriate candidate to interview for the position, choosing between the applicants to make an appropriate hiring decision, and conducting various pre-employment tests. Typically, a well-defined hiring process should involve two crucial parts: outlining the role and advertising the position.

The Hiring procedure

Hiring is a company’s activity that entails all the procedures an organization undertakes to identify, attract, and select workers from within or outside the organization. This process entails several activities, such as identifying and attracting potential individuals, examination of the latter, and eventual selection of ideal candidates for the position. In most companies, the human resource department makes the decisions that govern the hiring process.

Employee recruitment

During recruitment, the organization starts the selection process by shortlisting the candidates and ends the process by finally selecting the ideal candidates. Once they make appropriate decisions on the ideal candidates, the employees use different tools to select the most suitable candidate. The tools include application letters, resumes, application forms, recommendation letters, testimonials, aptitude tests, IQ tests oral personality interviews. The types of tools and the type of job at hand differ from one firm to another. However, firms have demonstrated great homogeneity in utilizing these tools. For example, the cover letter and the resume are the basic tools the hiring team uses in shortlisting the candidates for the interviews, undertaking the tests, and presenting their certificates.

To shortlist, the human resource department screens and examines the application details, forms, resumes, and cover letters presented by the applicants with the aim of ascertaining the candidates who attain the minimum job requirements in terms of their abilities, experiences, academic qualification, and other attractive features that are compatible with the specification in the position advertised. Firms have resorted to a highly computerized examination of the application forms to make the shortlisting process more efficient and accurate.

Aptitude test

Aptitude tests are used together with personality and IQ tests to decide the best candidate to fill the position in the company. Significantly, aptitude tests are short questionnaires with different questions that the hiring team administers to the applicants with limited time to test their sharpness, aptness, and cognitive ability in critical thinking and other skills. The questions presented in the test may be structured with choices from which the candidate is to select the answer they feel is more appropriate concerning the question. The questions may also be open to the candidates.

Importance of Hiring

Hiring an ideal individual starts with having a dependable individual who is all-round educated on the company’s needs performing the process. Evaluating the requirements with the hiring director and officials can guarantee they can make a superior educated choice (Richey et al.,2016). Making a wrong choice during the hiring process can induce a lot of additional issues and anxiety that can prevent the development of the company’s operations. A terrible and unqualified employee will willfully affect other workers through false deals, which may cost the company’s growth. By recruiting the ideal individual, the first run-through around the company will move on a positive course and become more fruitful in the future. Entrepreneurs and administrators should understand the effect that a worker can have and consider their influence throughout the entire hiring process.

The Recruitment Process

The recruitment process usually depends on the size of the organization. In a small organization, the owner hires, although in big companies, the Human Resources department, the manager, or the supervisors are responsible for hiring. The human resource department is responsible for recruiting and training workers, meaning it oversees the hiring and selection process, although the supervisor and the manager always participate in the process. Therefore, the human resource manager determines the entire process.

Important problems that organizations face during their hiring processes

The hiring process is the primary tool for selecting the best worker and needs the company’s massive resource investment. Hiring in the contemporary world is a challenge, indeed. It is increasing with leaner budgets and teams but with the same expected outcomes. It is very crucial to be cautious of legal issues to minimize any legal challenges that may result. Health care Human Resource departments must attain legal requirements when making job offers, checking references, advertising jobs, and conducting interviews with potential candidates. For instance, when checking references, the hiring team must avoid asking the candidates illegal questions during the hiring process.

The most challenging part of preparing for hiring by the human resource department is avoiding asking the candidates illegal questions. The company’s reputation lies at stake if the hiring team cannot formulate questions in a way that would not seem illegal. Structuring a question can transform a genuine question into an illegal one; hence the language they use should be emphasized to ensure they do not distort the meaning of the questions during the process. Some questions are also illegal by nature or by the form of answers they expect from the candidates. To some extent, what is crucial for the company to know when asked in a certain method is illegal, for instance, the candidate’s age. Being gender biased or insensitive, concentrating too much on the individual’s privacy, and asking questions that are grounded on an individual’s culture is also illegal. A prospective employer may discriminate against an applicant during pre-employment discrimination. They may discriminate against the candidate based on ethnicity, age, sex, or faith.

The Human Resource Managers experience ethical issues when hiring and selecting candidates for the advertised positions. Some challenges include misleading qualifications for a suitable candidate, misleading ads, exposed to attempting to find ways “around” not recruiting a qualified personnel for discriminatory purpose according to supervisors, and not reviewing candidates based on qualifications. Human Resource managers should learn to be objective, consistent, and honest during the hiring and selection process. Typically, ethics play a very crucial role during hiring.

Furthermore, determining the type of question asked during this process seems to be a nightmare to the human resource departments because they have to ensure that they only ask the appropriate questions. The type of questions should be as simple as possible, and at the same time, they need to bring out the appropriate response which will enable the recruiting team to examine the candidate appropriately.

Controversies that exist during the hiring process

Human resource is the most valued and treasured asset of a company and is majorly responsible for adding value to all other resources of a company. The hiring process seems to be a nightmare for the human resource managers of several companies. Currently, several organizations use different recruitment channels such as their social media platforms such as Facebook, and LinkedIn (Koch et al.,2018).Organizations characterize applicants by their level of qualification such as payroll experience, interpersonal skills etc. The extent of fit between a candidate’s qualities and the requirements of the position should serve as the basis for the hiring decision. Hiring process that follows this procedure will result in desirable human resources outcomes such as attracting qualified and experienced workers, increased staff performance, retention of workers, avoiding dodging, employee satisfaction, and low turnover. A business may experience a high turnover if it does not follow effective procedures in recruiting its employees since there are very high chances that the employed employees may lack appropriate skills for the advertised job(Mohammad et al.,2021). Therefore, the hiring process directly impacts a company’s performance.

Most employers claim to be equal opportunity employers. Some organizations have an equal employer logo on their webpage, and others state that employment is one of their major corporate goals. Diversity is noticeably good for every company. This implies having several workers from various backgrounds could be one of the determinants of a company’s human resource. Employers should avoid discrimination when hiring so that they achieve a workplace diversity. Employment discrimination can begin from the first time one presents his application for the advertised job. The hiring manager can screen the applicants based on several factors such as their religious affiliations. Employes can show biasness based on the applicants’ age, gender, race, accent, and religion. Discrimination is controversial to the hiring process, and it can be costly to the organization since favoritism can result to employing incompetent staff, lower productivity, and high shirking.

Companies institute affirmative action plans to favor individuals from disadvantaged groups so that they correct the past explicit discrimination practices besides avoiding possible future implicit discrimination. Employers who discriminate against a specific group does not obtain all the information about the personnel, or obtaining this information becomes so costly(Zschirnt & Ruedin ,2016). Affirmative action is controversial in the hiring process since it leads to reverse discrimination. Reverse discrimination is prejudice against those who belong to a group that is in the majority in a company because it takes into account criteria other than merit (Akintola,2011). With diversity goals and the creation of a diversity group, organizations usually put the affirmative action plans into action.

Hiring involves employing new workers. It is a procedure in the full employee lifecycle and represents the finalization of a successful recruiting process(Sinha & Thaly,2013). The hiring manager should follow the basic staffing model of KSAO(knowledge, skills, and other practices) when hiring the candidates based on merit. This model speculates when the organization needs to hire a candidate for a new position. The candidate is matched with the position using the KSAO model.


Hiring process is vital to the companies since it contributes to improving the human resource of the organization. In fact, the quality of the personnel is a direct result of the hiring and selection process. As such, the hiring process starts with the identification of vacancies in the company until the workers are finally inducted into the company as new workers. The Human resource manager is responsible for the hiring process, although the supervisors, subordinates, and managers contribute to the hiring and selection process. The selection and hiring process, should uphold to the legality of employment and selection including the anti-employment discrimination laws, and equal opportunity policies of contracts


Akintola, A. (2011). Hiring discrimination in racially diverse labour markets: A cross country study.

Bilan, Y., Mishchuk, H., Roshchyk, I., & Joshi, O. (2020). Hiring and retaining skilled employees in SMEs: problems in human resource practices and links with organizational success. Business: Theory and Practice21(2), 780-791.

John Richey, M. B. A., RHIA, F., & RHIA, K. J. (2016). Hiring for competency: Hiring to not fail vs. hiring to succeed. Perspectives in Health Information Management, 1.

Koch, T., Gerber, C., & De Klerk, J. J. (2018). The impact of social media on recruitment: Are you LinkedIn? SA Journal of Human Resource Management16(1), 1-14.

Mohammad, T., Darwish, T. K., Singh, S., & Khassawneh, O. (2021). Human resource management and organisational performance: The mediating role of social exchange. European Management Review18(1), 125-136.

Sinha, V., & Thaly, P. (2013). A review on changing trend of recruitment practice to enhance the quality of hiring in global organizations. Management: journal of contemporary management issues18(2), 141-156.

Zschirnt, E., & Ruedin, D. (2016). Ethnic discrimination in hiring decisions: a meta-analysis of correspondence tests 1990–2015. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies42(7), 1115-1134.

Impacts Of Sociocultural Factors On McDonald’s Company In Japan Sample Paper

McDonald’s, a global fast food giant restaurant, has greatly succeeded in Japan. The company has achieved great success all over the globe, but it is particularly noteworthy in Japan. This is due to the firm’s success in catering to Japanese tastes and etiquette. This essay will examine the cultural and social elements contributing to McDonald’s success in Japan. The purpose of this essay is to explore the success of McDonald’s in the Japanese market by focusing on the company’s efforts to adapt its marketing to the country’s customs and values, including those related to religion, social organizations, gift-giving, consumer behavior, and cultural differences.

Societal organization

Because of its distinct culture, the Japanese industry is notoriously difficult to penetrate. McDonald’s needed to adapt to the Japanese market, so it studied Japanese Societal organization and adjusted its approach. McDonald’s success in Japan can be attributed in large part to its participation in a wide variety of cultural events and organizations. According to Geringer, McNett, and Ball (2019), businesses can benefit from joining local chambers of commerce, trade organizations, business clubs, and national boards of trade. The knowledge and connections gained from these groups are invaluable to companies looking to expand into new markets. Joining these groups was a great move for McDonald’s, providing the company access to valuable tools and new connections. If McDonald’s wanted to increase its profile in Japan, it did more than join relevant social organizations. They also engaged in a wide variety of artistic pursuits. McDonald’s, for instance, promoted new goods by advertising during the Olympics in Tokyo, participating in the Tokyo Marathon, and other similar events. These activities increased McDonald’s brand recognition and visibility in Japan (Singireddy, 2020).

Local culture

McDonald’s commercials in Japan have shifted to reflect cultural norms and preferences. Adapting their merchandise to the regional market is one of these. Many products and services catering to Japanese tastes have been developed (Singireddy, 2020). McDonald’s in Japan serves unique menu options like the Teriyaki McBurger (beef patty, teriyaki sauce, lettuce, and mayonnaise) and the Ebi Filet-O (shrimp patty with a crispy coating). McDonald’s has found tremendous success in Japan thanks largely to the company’s efforts to adapt its offerings to the preferences of local consumers.

“The sociocultural factors of the Japanese market, such as the cultural norms and values, have a significant impact on McDonalds’ operations in the country, as they shape the company’s marketing, pricing, and other strategic decisions.” McDonald’s has tried various marketing strategies in Japan to increase sales. For their “Touch of Japan” advertising campaign, the business recruited well-known Japanese people to act as spokespeople. They incorporated elements of Japanese culture into the decor of the eatery. Digital marketing has also been used by McDonald’s; for example, the “McDonald’s Japan App” allows customers to make orders, browse deals, and view nutritional information. These initiatives have played a crucial role in expanding the company’s customer base in Japan.

Success in the Japanese market has benefited from adopting these advertising tactics. Market share in Japan has consistently grown since the company’s introduction in the 1990s, as evidenced by Geringer, McNett, and Ball (2019). The implementation of creative marketing strategies adapted to suit Japanese consumers’ requirements and preferences has also contributed to the company’s overall revenue growth.

The Role of Religion in McDonald’s Success in the Japanese Market

McDonald’s success in Japan can be partly attributed to the country’s long-standing religious tradition (Rauf & Prasad, 2022). Advertising showing a Buddhist monk praying in front of a McDonald’s restaurant is just one example of how the company has incorporated religious themes and images into its campaigns. As well as connecting with the religious sensibilities of Japanese consumers, this commercial also showed respect for the country’s many different religions.

McDonald’s has incorporated religious elements into its eatery decor. The Shinto Torii, a traditional Japanese gateway, and other religious symbols were incorporated into the restaurant’s architecture to foster an atmosphere of respect and reverence typical of Japan. The company’s packaging has featured Buddhist and Shinto images like the rising sun, also a symbol of Japan.

In addition, McDonald’s has included religious symbols and motifs in some of its food. The company’s meatless “Buddha Burger” is a product of Buddhist principles. The “Kirin Chicken Sandwich” is just one example of the company’s innovative take on traditional Japanese fare; the chicken meat in this sandwich is marinated in a blend of soy sauce, sake, and mirin.


Gift-giving is a common way for people in Japan to show appreciation, respect, and admiration. Geringer, McNett, and Ball (2019) say thoughtful gifts can keep business partners, customers, and other important people happy. So, as part of its marketing plan for the Japanese market, McDonald’s gives gifts to customers who have already bought from them. McDonald’s has used several ways to give gifts, such as giving customers special gifts when purchasing certain products or services and giving deals and discounts on the company’s products. McDonald’s Japan, for example, has given unique toys and other limited edition items to people who buy certain goods or services. This is how McDonald’s shows its regular customers that it appreciates them and tries to get them to return.

Customer behavior and cultural differences

Due in large part to the company’s careful attention to local traditions, McDonald’s enjoys phenomenal success in Japan. To succeed, a business must be aware of and adapt to its target market’s unique preferences and customs. According to recent studies, “sociocultural factors affect consumer behavior, how the company is run, and the products and services it provides” (Geringer, McNett, & Ball, 2019, p. 383). McDonald’s has adapted its marketing approach in Japan by considering the country’s cultural norms and preferences. “McDonalds has had to adjust its cultural strategies to fit the Japanese market, taking into account the sociocultural factors that shape consumer behavior and preferences”.

McDonald’s understands the importance of catering to regional palates. Japanese cuisine features dishes like teriyaki, prawns, and rice. Couples in Japan are the focus of McDonald’s “Table for Two” marketing campaign.

McDonald’s has found success in Japan by learning about and adapting to the country’s culture. According to Geringer, McNett, and Ball (2019), the significance of customer service varies from nation to country (p. 385). McDonald’s tries to train its employees and improve the condition of its restaurants so that it can compete successfully in Japan.

Regarding advertising in Japan, McDonald’s has finally gotten it right. Promotional campaigns for the Japanese market have used local celebrities and news sources (Nakayama & Wan, 2019). The fast food chain McDonald’s has also introduced new prices and special offers for the Japanese market.


McDonald’s success in the Japanese market is because it embraced Japanese culture. McDonald’s respects different religions and cultures by providing halal-certified and pork-free options. McDonald’s has adapted Japanese advertising and gifts to the country’s culture. Japanese customers have also shown interest in the company’s wide variety of goods, some available nowhere else but in Japan. This strategy helped McDonald’s become the industry champion it is today. Therefore, it is clear that sociocultural factors have played a crucial role in the success of Mcdonald’s in the Japanese market.


Geringer, J. M., McNett, J. M., & Ball, D. A. (2019). International business. McGraw-Hill Education.

Nakayama, M., & Wan, Y. (2019). The cultural impact on social commerce: A sentiment analysis on Yelp ethnic restaurant reviews. Information & Management56(2), 271-279.

Singireddy, M. (2020). Mcdonald’s: Global Marketing. International Journal of Health and Economic Development6(2), 16-27.

Rauf, A. A., & Prasad, A. (2022). Maintaining Sacred Identities: How Religious Anti‐Consumption Conflicts with Culture. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences/Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l’Administration.

Importance Of Nature As A Setting In Poems Free Writing Sample

Nature is prominently featured in poetry, and its use can expose essential ideas and feelings within a poem. Poets can convey complicated emotions and thoughts through natural imagery, making their works relevant and meaningful to readers. The significance of nature as a setting is discussed in the following poems: “We Wear the Mask” by Paul Laurence Dunbar, “Nothing Gold Can Stay” by Robert Frost, “Living in Sin” by Adrienne Rich, “Morning Song” by Sylvia Plath, and “The World Is Too Much with Us” by William Wordsworth as elaborated below.

Paul Dunbar compares society’s veneer with the underlying feelings underneath in “We Wear the Mask.” The dripping tears indicate unseen misery and sorrow (Dunbar 5). The imagery of “worlds of white and worlds of blue,” as well as “the sunshine and the rain,” underscores the contrast between the beauty of nature and the ugliness of human deception (Dunbar 11-12). Robert Frost uses nature in “Nothing Gold Can Stay” to demonstrate the transience of all things, including the transitory beauty of the earth. The poem emphasizes the fleeting nature of spring and the shifting colors of leaves, finishing with “Nothing gold can stay.” (Frost 1-8). This conveys that even the most beautiful and valuable things in life are temporary, urging readers to appreciate the world’s beauty while it lasts.

Adrienne Rich uses the natural landscape to depict the decay of a broken relationship in “Living in Sin.” The ‘rusted’ tap and ‘broken’ blinds indicate the couple’s relationship dissolution, while the ‘rats’ in the walls and ‘grime’ on the windows represent degradation and neglect (Rich 9-14). Using nature as a metaphor conveys the concept that, like nature, relationships require effort to maintain. In “Morning Song,” Sylvia Plath depicts the vital force of new life via the natural environment. The imagery of “clear vowels rising like balloons” and “the newness that was in every stale thing / when we looked at it as children” allude to the wonder and freshness that a newborn infant brings (Plath 3-6). Nature is used to depict the possibility of new beginnings and the hope that comes with them.

William Wordsworth uses nature to show the separation between people and the natural world in “The World Is Too Much with Us.” The poem criticizes how people have become disconnected from nature, absorbed by worldly possessions, as expressed by imagery such as “getting and spending” and “late and soon.” (Wordsworth 1-8). The poem’s use of nature emphasizes the need for reconnection with nature and a deeper purpose in life.

In conclusion, nature as a background in poetry effectively conveys complicated themes and emotions. It provides a setting for poets to explore themes like identity, impermanence, disillusionment, and the human experience. Nature can reflect a broad spectrum of emotions and concepts, from joy and beauty to misery and despair. Natural imagery allows poets to address essential topics in a universal and highly personal way, eliciting emotional responses from readers. Ultimately, incorporating nature into poetry provides depth and meaning to the works, allowing poets to communicate their thoughts and emotions in a powerful and sympathetic way.

Works Cited

Dunbar, Paul Laurence. “We Wear the Mask.” The Norton Anthology of African American Literature, edited by Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Valerie A. Smith, 3rd ed., vol. 1, W. W. Norton & Company, 2014, pp. 327-328.

Frost, Robert. “Nothing Gold Can Stay.” The Norton Anthology of Poetry, edited by Margaret Ferguson, Mary Jo Salter, and Jon Stallworthy, 5th ed., W. W. Norton & Company, 2005, p. 936.

Rich, Adrienne. “Living in Sin.” The Norton Anthology of Poetry, edited by Margaret Ferguson, Mary Jo Salter, and Jon Stallworthy, 5th ed., W. W. Norton & Company, 2005, pp. 1202-1203.

Plath, Sylvia. “Morning Song.” The Norton Anthology of Poetry, edited by Margaret Ferguson, Mary Jo Salter, and Jon Stallworthy, 5th ed., W. W. Norton & Company, 2005, p. 1262.

Wordsworth, William. “The World Is Too Much with Us.” The Norton Anthology of Poetry, edited by Margaret Ferguson, Mary Jo Salter, and Jon Stallworthy, 5th ed., W. W. Norton & Company, 2005, p. 416.