‘The past was better,’ said our grandparents. This is totally true, people that grew in the 60s or 70s decades can compare the difference between growing up with numerous relatives that played outside all afternoon and part of the evening, and today’s children that grow up playing indoor electronic games without physical effort and completely alone. The past model of the ‘home’ was better than today model. There are differences in traditional home model and how they are formed from biological, cultural, and social influences.
Biologically, the home model is inherent to the physical condition of children. Today children are sedentary, this condition results in obesity problems, and it entails a psychological problem due to bullying and depression. In the past children were more active, played all days outside and enjoyed the nature, also were more interactive with others. Today the parents work all the time, making money is more important and they are more concerned about pleasing the demands and caprices of their children, of course, materials demand and caprices. Culture has helped these biological influences fit into the new home model.
Culturally, societies tend to change the home model, there is a clear intervention of the values and assumptions of each society. In cultures such as the American, the man always had had the role of provider, while the woman was the housewife. She was at home and was more aware of the children’s activities. Nowadays both of them work all day and the roles have changed drastically due to the changes that the family models have undergone. The children pass more time alone, in better cases with a babysitter. Family activities are carried out in a majority on weekends. Social influence has a great responsibility in the cultural influence of the new home model.
Socially it is perhaps where the home model has mostly changed. Today families are characterized by the number of children. The ideal number is one or two if you have more than three you are an alien. The populous families belong to the past. A few decades ago, the ideal age to get married was between 22 to 25, and a woman in her 30s without compromise was considered a spinster. Today it is common to get married at 30 to 35, even 40s. This situation makes families smaller every day, and families with an only child are imposed. The increase in same-gender couples is another cause of the home model is changing dramatically.
The differences between home models have been very marked, but nowadays many homes still they preserve the traditional models and they are typical in small towns. Both cultural and biological influences are important in the home model formation, but from my point of view, the social influence is the most important. Currently, the mass media, social media, and lifestyle stereotypes play an important role in the formation of the home model, people are constantly influenced by the information they find online and the mass media. Although we cannot generalize, the old home model is disappearing. Even though there are some exceptions to this rule, every day we find more dysfunctional homes even in rural regions.
Representation Of Female Characters In Iliad By Homer
In Homer’s epic, The Iliad, women such as Helen and Chryseis are depicted as objects and possessions to be taken, traded, and enjoyed by males. Other females provide emotional support to male characters, such as Achilles mother, Thetis. Additionally, several female goddesses are depicted as powerful figures lending support or influence over males. Overall, the diversity of female characters in the Iliad demonstrates the complex gender dynamics in Ancient Greece. This range in females’ roles is further than the characterizations seen in medieval Europe. In Othello, females are primarily objectified as the possessions of males, and as victims of male authority. In the Iliad, females have both powerful and powerless roles, and elicit both sympathy and contempt from male characters and the audience.
One of the central female characters in The Iliad is Helen of Troy. She is the one who is blamed for the cause of the war. She was originally prized to the Spartan king Menelaus, but she leaves Sparta with the Trojan Prince, Paris. She is regarded both as a trophy for her beauty, and a burden driving death and destruction. As the Trojan leaders sit in the tower and see Helen they describe, “It’s no reproach that Trojans and Achaeans with their fancy shinguards have suffered so long for such a woman. / …though she is beautiful, let her be gone/ in the ships. Let her not be a curse to ourselves and to our children who shall come!” (Homer 3.157-159, 161-163).
Helen praises Priam and scorns herself as she presents her case for leaving Sparta. She alleges she would have chosen to die as the alternative to following Paris and abandoning her family. She impresses him as she refers to her own promiscuity, “…slut that I am, if ever there was one!” (Homer 3.180). Female sexuality is depicted as a way to manipulate men and bring about grievances. Rather than ascribing the cause of the war to revenge or wrath, the blame is cast on the beauty of a woman who acts in self-interest, and against what is commanded of her (loyalty to Menelaus).
Helen is a complex character who is both revered in scorned, though there are other major roles of females in The Iliad as well. There are several scenes where female goddesses take on powerful roles lending guidance and support for male characters. In war, goddesses provide men strength, courage, and protection, such as when Pallas Athena supports Diomedes in battle seeking to secure his success and elevate his reputation (Homer 4.3). Goddesses also provide a lot of moral support to males. For example, the sea-goddess, Thetis, is eager to appease her son, Achilles. Achilles, despite being a highly respected warrior, seeks out emotional support from his mother.
Through his mother, Achilles depicts a sensitive side, “Swiftly she came forth like a mist from the gray sea. She sat/ down before him as he wept. She took him by the hand/ and spoke his name: ‘My son, why do you weep? What sorrow has come to your heart…’” (Homer 1.347-350). Achilles freely unleashes his concerns on his mother. One of his grievances concerns the spoils of war, Chryseis who was claimed for Agamemnon, and Briseis, who was claimed for Achilles. The captive women are regarded as possessions prized for their beauty. Part of Achilles anger is due to Briseis being taken from his tent (Homer 1.379). In this case, females are objectified as prizes, just as Helen was.
While females take on a variety of roles in the Iliad, as a trophy and a source of emotional support, encouragement, and guidance for males, the roles of women in Shakespeare’s play Othello are much more limited. Characters like Desdemona accept this secondary role, being loyal to her father and then to her husband. For example, Desdemona asks Emilia if she thinks that women cheat on husbands. Emilia replies that males are excessively jealous and controlling of females but expect females to be subservient and have no desires outside their duty to their husband (Shakespeare 4.3.100). Emilia challenges conventional norms and urges that females are also capable of lust and desiring revenge. Though, she is confined only to speaking her opinion and is unable to act on her statements.
Desdemona is more naïve and assumes the role she has been assigned, whereas Emilia is more controversial and challenges gender inequality. However, both females end up murdered by their husbands. Othello murders Desdemona because he does not trust her assertation that she did not cheat. Iago murders Emilia because she accosts him for his unethical behavior. Thus, the women in Othello are relegated to victim roles, whereas the women in The Iliad take on a variety of roles. Although Helen was scorned by men, she was also deeply admired by kings; a trophy worth competing over. In contrast, in Othello, women are taken, distrusted, scorned, and disregarded.
The females in The Iliad are a lot more complex and varied than in Othello, but in both stories, males assume greater authority over females. The Iliad features many females who exert power either through their godly sway or their promiscuity. For example, Helen is regarded as a trophy yet defies this role by running away from Sparta. In contrast, in Othello, females are entirely dependent on males and are subjected under male figures in life, whether it be a father or a husband. Females have no voice in Othello and are punished for exercising their voice. In The Iliad, mortal females are regarded as inferior objects of beauty, yet males often seek out the help of goddesses in reaching their objectives. Although some females in The Iliad take on powerful roles, females are overall regarded are as secondary to males; as complimentary aids lending beauty or support, and at times defying males’ expectations.
Homer. The Iliad. Trans. Barry B. Powell. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Shakespeare, William. Othello.
Review And Analysis Of “Just Walk On By: A Black Man Ponders His Ability To Alter Public Space” Essay By Brent Staples
Discrimination happens when a man or woman experience negative or uncalled behavior for their race, belief, national starting point, incapacitated or past status, or other lawfully ensured qualities. I have been victimized race and gender. In my view, racism happens mostly to women and in my case, is a main consideration that bargains friendliness in schools. It is clear that additionally in the present society understudies, instructors, and guardians from various societies think that it’s hard to set up kinships. Also, my first involvement with racism was the point at which I was in school. Additionally as a darker child in a more white society there were numerous impediments that I confronted growing up. One of which that influenced me the most was that I was not ready to mingle or communicate with any of the other kids, besides the demonstration of associating with any individual who was white was hard considering the fact that I was the only minority in the class, almost school.
As the different one in school it was ordinary to be imperceptible as nobody who is white would have anything to do with you, since I was the odd one out. Not by any means the educators who should know better, they all carry on the in same path as society anticipated that them would by overlooking the dark understudies. For example, there was this young girl next door to my class; she was the type of kid that any guardian would need to have as a child. Rose was all around mannered, courteous, and smart; just to give some examples of her numerous praiseworthy characteristics.
Notwithstanding, in light of the fact that she was dark she was undetectable simply the same as the other dark understudies. Everybody who knew Rose had a similar conclusion that she was the nearest thing to an immaculate youngster, but since her shading, everybody who was white declined to recognize it. She was a standout amongst the most smart understudies I have ever observed, her evaluations were through the rooftop yet like I said before that was not essential according to society. The shade of your skin was more critical that you scholarly abilities.
The arrangement of racism isn’t different to anybody and it has been tormenting the world for whatever length of time that I can recall. I was told by my dad that my days growing up as a dark kid are a portion of the better days they have seen. At the point when my parents shared their stories about living in a white world in some way or another turned into a piece of my involvement with racism. In her days life was a horrific experience contrasting with my life living is a general public that comprised of for the most part racists. In my dad’s’ prior days as youthful grown-up the arrangement of racism was unjust to the point that it is incomprehensible today. It was a noteworthy offense to be within the sight of white people, not to mention associating with them. My dads encounters demonstrate that there is any desire for a conclusion to racism as thing is moderating enhancing in the present society.
In “Just Walk On By: A Black Man Ponders His Power to Alter Public Space,” Brent Staples exhibits how a simplification on race and sex can facilitate with each other. Each point, regardless of whether an explanation or remark, can have optimistic and damaging results on the group of onlookers Staples is trying to edify. His philosophy, the volume to adapt open space through racial simplifications, unfair him and also many different people of his build and skin shading. It affected existences of individuals like Staples, as well as encroached onto the ‘casualties’ of Staples and others like him (Staples, 2012).
The experience I had is that black individuals don’t have such certainty to rival the white individuals since society has put a mark on individuals that he is white and he is black. I trust that it doesn’t make a difference if you have the ability of accomplishing something. In the event that you are enthusiastic about something then what is the issue of sex or sexual orientation? I don’t think so. Yet at the same time I trust that bigotry is a major issue yet until that individuals simply leave that mark from them that they are black or white. Practical talks about the beginning stage of sexual orientation character frequently befuddle ask about on sex psychopathology.
In particular, essentialism and social constructionism are both questionable musings that undertaking to show a beginning stage for sexual orientation identity. While essentialists assume that sexual orientation identity is arranged inside an individual, social constructionists fight that society’s outside effects influence a man’s sex to character. To address these separating opinions, expert’s design concentrates to find the bona fide explanations behind various psychopathologies. For example, schizophrenia has measure up to ordinariness rates for the two sexual orientations, yet male schizophrenics have an earlier start and more outrageous signs than female schizophrenics do.
Individuals call a black individual black they are not precisely black but rather that is precisely what the world calls them. Whatever you call yourself, whatever you call them is only a mark. From the birth till death individuals utilizes that mark and we swallow them, process them, and clearly acknowledge these names. There is a one issue, these names are not you and names are not me, marks are simply names. Who are we really? Who we genuinely are is felt inside. Fundamentally the real issue this video asks that who might you is if the world gives you no name? Would you be black, white, Mexican, Asian, and Indian? We’ll live without marks without judging individuals as black or white.
In ‘Why Looks Are the Last Bastion of Discrimination’ by Rhode, Deborah L […Extremely a major advance towards the self-degradation], consuming a major substance to have it resemble a white man’s hair. For purpose of not being segregated, he needed to change his hairdo so as to fit in. He experienced this torment and endeavours to end up somebody else. At last he understood that there is no good reason for change the way you look since all of you are made in an unexpected way (Rhode, 2012).
My own encounters and my feels are that in all styles, appearances, race, religion and culture are on the whole types of segregation individuals use against others. Society must have a more extensive attitude then just themselves since society in which we are living have an assortment of individuals. In this manner, a non-judgment society may bloom a not so distant future. Once more, starting their peace, love, and joy will fall into place easily in light of the fact that everybody will spread positive love.
In Judith Ortiz Cofer, “The Myth of the Latin Woman: I Just Met a Girl Named Maria” they were stereotypes about the sorts of garments they were and regardless of whether they look excessively develop in the outfits picked. They are likewise stereotypes relying on what they live. It is extremely clear that they are from a more pleasant island or not. The greatest one is their looks; she was generalized for her Hispanic appearance; Hispanic ladies as the hot tamale or the sexual torch. However, for my situation I trust that outfit is definitely not a major issue like you should have certainty on what you wear. It’s your life you have an entire order on what you are doing or the way you are experiencing it’s absolutely up to you. I am pleased on my appearance and everybody other ought to likewise be glad on what they are (Cofer, 2001).