How Social Media Is The Driving Force For The ″Foodie Culture″ University Essay Example

There are television channels owned by a joint venture that has dedicated more of their time to cooking-related issues. Over the last few decades, several advancements have been made on social media, leading to better cooking styles on the online platform. The DStv channel 185 present the best food shows of well-trained chefs to their subscribers offering shows like iron chef America and Barefoot Contessa. Specific individuals, Reese Schonfeld, jack Clifford and joe Langhan are the co-founders of foodie culture. The following essay expounds more on how Social Media is the Driving Force for the ″Foodie Culture″.

We can look at foodie culture by first asking a question from a vantage point: Is it new? We can conclude that the food network is a new invention from Reese Schonfeld, jack Clifford and joe Langhan. In the 1920s, cooking was viewed as entertainment by most people before the foodie culture was invented, but under the new development, we can view food and cooking from a different perspective. People can do it better than before when they embrace the latest techniques put into place (Chester & Anne Connolly). The new ways are well presented in the Tv shows; hence, viewers can learn quality ways.

Food culture can mean instructions from an instructor who provides the best way to prepare a specific meal. These instructors are experienced people whose expertise is in a particular field. They do not generalise their area of perfection as their focus is on giving the best overall to their subscribers. They pass their expertise through a demonstration on the online platform (Cross & Karen, p162-175). If anyone needs to get a specific procedure for preparing a particular dish, it’s possible to get it online from any social media platform.

Past research shows that a significant percentage of people are gaining experience with food via social media. The notion of people that one has to learn on food from the family members is outweighed by online platforms like Facebook, Instagram and such related platforms (Chester & Anne Connolly). The peoples appreciate what they get to learn, and this can be shown by the fact that others go to the extent of taking photos of what they have cooked and sharing them with their friends. It too influences what they are going to cook as they will like to follow the demonstrations they see.

Advertisement on social media can be a riding force towards food culture. The advertisement can be ads on several sites we come across (Kilic et al., p223-247). They tend to be so attractive that one will have to follow up and learn more. Some researchers advertise the benefits of particular foodstuffs, and with their convincing power of what they got to know from their research, they can win some people’s trust. With the focus that our lives are of great importance, we can go by such investigations as there are good proofs of the benefits in return. These advertisements are attractive as a thesis statement is to a writer.

Some restaurant managers advertise their foodstuff by capturing photos and posting them on social media. Therefore, people can place orders to be picked at their destinations convenient for them(Oren & Tasha, p20-35). To some extent, the location would likely have prevented them from consuming such big hotels, and we can conclude that social media has catered to that need. The chefs in such restaurants are experienced personnel and what they deliver is of good quality and quantity healthy for consumption.

Works Cited

Chester, Anne Connolly. Foodie Culture, Muslim Identity, and the Rise of Halal through Media. Diss. Ohio University, 2017.

Rousseau, Signe. Food and social media: You are what you tweet. Rowman Altamira, 2012.

Kılıç, Burhan, Aydan Bekar, and Nisan Yozukmaz. “The New Foodie Generation: Gen Z.” Generation Z Marketing and Management in Tourism and Hospitality. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 2021. 223-247.

Oren, Tasha. “On the line: Format, cooking and competition as television values.” Critical Studies in Television 8.2 (2013): 20-35.

Cross, Karen. “Visioning food and community through the lens of social media.” Digital Food Cultures. Routledge, 2020. 162-175.

Dejmanee, Tisha. “The Food Network’s Heartland Kitchens: Cooking up neoconservative comfort in the United States.” Critical Studies in Television 14.1 (2019): 74-89.

How The Changing Role Of Women Has Affected The Family Essay Example For College

The family is the basic unit of any community, with women playing an indispensable role. Over time, different sociology scholars and researchers have attempted to develop sociological explanations to describe the family in terms of its structure, significance, roles, and evolution in terms of individual roles since World War II. The role of women has evolved due to drastic shifts in the position of a woman in society alongside her empowerment.

Sociological explanations on the role of the family and its role in the social structure.

Various sociologists have come up with different theories to explain the role of the family in society and its position in the social structure. Sociologists such as Durkheimian and Radcliffe-Brown have established several approaches based on their research and interactions to understand these simple societal units yet with underlying complexities. Some established theories include the Structural functionalist theory, the conflict perspective, the sociology of motherhood, the feminist approach, and symbolic interactionism (Candela 2022). This essay will analyze the Structural Functionalist and the conflict perspective theories.

The structural functionalism theory portrays the family as a societal unit that plays a vital role in ensuring any society’s smooth and functional running. The roles of the family cut across various dimensions, including educational, economic, reproductive, and sexual functions. Functionalists claim that the family produces holistic members of society and inculcates the community’s traditions and customs in new members (Candela 2022). It designates vital attributed distinctions to new members, such as race and socioeconomic class. It is in charge of societal substitution by reproducing new members to restitute the deceased.

In addition, the family grants its members property entitlement and the ability to ascribe and preserve family relations. Lastly, families offer financial and emotional security and care as well as assistance for those who are in need. Functionalists also depict that families have an indispensable place in the social structure. Functionalism describes society as an organism, with the components, including institutions and social constructions, acting as organs that function together to keep the entire community running smoothly. This viewpoint examines society’s fundamental aspects, such as conventions, practices, traditions, and institutions, in terms of their function. Structural functionalism also takes up the idea that the nuclear family is most basic unit of society and that the clan is a subsidiary, not the other way around. Durkheim suggested that sophisticated societies are held together by organic cohesion, based on the analogy of an organism in which numerous constituents function together to nourish the whole.

The conflict perspective is contradictory to the theory of structural functionalism. The theory argues that structural functionalism presents the family as a rosy concept that is unrealistic and non-existent. It does not account for the negative experiences that cause stress on its members. According to supporters of the conflict theory, by upholding and strengthening the status quo, the family perpetuates socioeconomic inequality within a community (Candela 2022). Since education, inheritance, and social capital are transmitted through the family in form of inheritance, wealthy families can uphold their esteemed social status for their members. In contrast, humble families are not granted the same advantage. Sociologists who uphold the conflict theory have also painted the family as a social system that favors men more than women, allowing men to retain domination. In most countries, the orthodox family structure is male dominated, contributing to gender disparities. These claims can be attributed to the value attached to roles each family member has to play. Women’s traditional functions, such as housekeeping and raising children, are deemed obsolete. Even in situations where women are engaged in a paid workforce that brings as much to the man’s table, the woman is still obligated to take up house chores and child-rearing duties.

Although these two theories are opposing in thought, they are complementary to some extent as ordinary families may bear the supportive functionalist concept even in the presence of conflict and selfish motives.

Structural changes in the family since World War II

In the early twentieth century, families had dominant family dynamics, which contributed to a standard family structure. The nuclear family was characterized by two parents who were ordinarily of different sexes with an overall high number of children. However, after World War II (as from the 1950s), the family structure has changed drastically.

In the early days, children were born within a marriage, with anyone having a child out of wedlock being viewed as an outcast. Nowadays, individuals having children before marriage, or even without the intentions of marriage, is a usual occurrence. Research states that 2 out of every ten children are born out of marital family setups without any matrimonial links; This can be attached to the normalization of divorce and non-marital sexual practices, which are part of the family dynamics revolution that has taken place over the years (White 2022). Women who grew up in highly patriarchal family setups may opt for single-parent families to avoid a replica of the negative experiences that they were exposed to. The desire for freedom and independence drives them.

There is also a surge in the number of members per family. Before World War II, families were characterized by a high number of children; This was the case as children were viewed as a source of workforce and pride in the society. However, in the latter days, children are more of a responsibility due to the entitlements a child possesses. Today a child is entitled to proper shelter, clothing, education, healthcare exclusive of the countless superficial needs attached to technological advancements. As such, most families prefer to sire fewer children to increase the possibility of giving them a quality life. There has also been an increase in exposure to family planning methods.

Other changes in the family structure include increased pet ownership and a tremendous increase of women entering the workforce alongside the diversification of the areas women can engage in professionally. These changes can be attributed to the desire for affection and the changes in the economy, respectively.

Changes in roles within the family since World War II

Family roles have been subjected to change over time. The contributions of a woman were deemed minute and obsolete while those of men were amplified. In the early twentieth century, the role of women was mainly linked to housekeeping and child-rearing, with few women entering the workforce in limited fields such as dress-making. Immediately after World War II, women entering the workforce increased from barely 25% to nearly 47% (Yellen 2022). This tremendous increase can be accounted to the advent of mass high school education, which led to a drastic increase in graduates. At the same time, the revolution in technology increased the demand for clerks and secretaries. Women predominantly occupied these jobs because they were seemingly cleaner and required less muscular energy. To date, transformations in the occupational role of women are still taking place. In the late twentieth century, women began to enter fields that were earlier on deemed inappropriate. These fields include Engineering and Information technology. Such transformations can be attributed to the increased campaigns for gender equality and women empowerment forums that depict women as individuals with equal capacity compared to men. The role of men has also been affected. Men are no longer “dictators” in the family setup. They are partners with their female counterparts in decision-making, financial responsibility, and their mandate to the family.

Women being emboldened to take an equal share in the family in terms of independence, freedom, and bread-weaning has adversely affected the family structure and the roles each family member plays. There has been a reversal in gender inequality issues that have affected assertive mating patterns in terms of family formation, divorce, and fertility (Oláh, Kotowska & Richter 2018). Contrary to popular belief, women with higher education are less likely to remain unmarried. Instead, they appear to prefer to associate with males who are less educated than they are, leading to a decrease in educational and financial hypergamy and an increase in hypogamy. A decline in fertility rates has occurred due to the transformation of a woman’s role. The woman is no longer entitled to childbearing and rearing alongside housekeeping; she now bears occupational roles and professional mandates, which she has to live up to. The divorce rate is also on the rise as most women have gained financial stability and social independence. They do not have to stick to patriarchal partners for financial support or societal approval.

Reference List

Candela, L., 2022. Sociological Perspectives on Family | Boundless Sociology. [online] Courses.lumenlearning.com. https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-sociology/chapter/sociological-perspectives-on-family/

Oláh, L.S., Kotowska, I.E. and Richter, R., 2018. The new roles of men and women and implications for families and societies. In A Demographic perspective on gender, family and health in Europe (pp. 41-64). Springer, Cham. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-72356-3_4

White, A., 2022. How Has Family Structure Changed Over Time? –. [online] Jatonyc.org. https://jatonyc.org/how-has-family-structure-changed-over-time

Yellen, J., 2022. The history of women’s work and wages and how it has created success for us all. [online] Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/essay/the-history-of-womens-work-and-wages-and-how-it-has-created-success-for-us-all/

Human Behavior: Conditioning Theory Free Essay

Part I: Basic nature of my theoretical orientation

Introduction

Inherently complicated, human behavior is a subject area that pertains to how individuals act and the reasons behind their behaviors. Without a doubt, there are an infinite number of theories related to human behavior and various sorts of behavior. (Schill, et al. 2019) Understanding human behavior is extremely essential in today’s society; this information throws light on patterns, the reasoning behind particular behaviors, and a variety of other topics of interest. Without a doubt, the greater one’s understanding of human behavior, the better one’s ability to place oneself in the world and know how others perceive, interpret and adjust to their diverse environments. For this assignment, I am going to use the theory of conditioning. Conditioning is the theory of human behavior.

Conditioning theory

Conditioning is one of the most widely accepted theories of human behavior, and it is also one of the most widely used. When someone is groomed into acting in a certain way, this is referred to as conditioning. There are two basic types of conditioning, and individual persons may be more affected by one type of conditioning than the other, depending on their personality. Training human beings to behave in a particular manner might elicit moral or moral issues, particularly when the trained behavior does not serve the best interests of the person who is being conditioned to perform. Those who believe that human beings are innately programmed to behave in one manner or another are called “programmers.”

  • Classical conditioning

It is known as classical conditioning when a person learns to correlate distinct stimuli with a variety of different outcomes. The result is that people are more likely to behave in ways that bring them delight and pleasure as a result of this method of training. For example, if someone discovers that they do better when they follow their instincts rather than obeying the rules, they are more likely to be a nonconformist and to take risks in their life. (Thaxton, 2018) A specific individual’s acts or manipulations are not always required for classical conditioning to take place. This form of conditioning can occur as a result of social conditioning or as a result of the environment that someone is regularly exposed to.

  • Operant conditioning

Simply said, operant conditioning is a method of controlling human behavior through the use of optimistic and undesirable reinforcement. A person who finds themselves in difficulty with the law regularly when they breach particular regulations will likely come to equate rule-breaking with legal problems. Similar to this, a student who frequently studies for tests and receives high marks begins to equate studying with receiving high marks. When it comes to human conduct, people tend to avoid things that cause them pain and instead gravitate toward things that bring them joy and personal satisfaction.

Basic assumptions of conditioning theory of human behavior

  • Operant conditioning

Quite simply, operant training is a methodical program of recompenses and punishments that are used to alter behavior or bring about anticipated manners. When it comes to human involvement and thinking, operant conditioning is based on two fundamental assumptions: (1) a specific act consequence in an experience that is a significance of that act, and (2) the apparent quality of an act’s significance affects future behavior Another important concept in operant conditioning is that the most important impacts on behavior are outside that is, that a person’s behavior is trained in his or her environment.

Operant conditioning is frequently mentioned in the literature on organizational management as a component of reinforcement theory and work conduct change. For example, unlike other models of administration and inspiration, operant conditioning makes no assumptions about the existence or nonexistence of attitudes, beliefs, intentions, or motivation to predict and influence behavior. (De Houwer, 2018) However, Skinner and other behaviorists do not assert that these issues do not exist. These individuals feel that environmental factors and reinforcement play an important role in the formation of these beliefs. To understand and influence behavior in the workplace, administrative management philosophers who use this method look to exterior factors the setting for guidance and inspiration. The motivation of employees is seen as a product of their work settings rather than as an intrinsic component of each worker’s psychological makeup, for example, according to this approach to management. As a result, anytime quality is reinforced through salary hikes, promotions, and other situations that employees find desirable, employees are strongly motivated.

  • Classical conditioning

Based on the concept that learning is created through interactions with the environment, classical conditioning theory is used to explain how people learn new skills. The environment also influences conduct, and internal psychological states such as notions, feelings, and feelings are inadequate to clarify human behavior on their own.

Foundations elements of conditioning theory

  • Operant conditioning

Operant conditioning is characterized by four factors:

  1. a feeling of accomplishment;
  2. reinforcing the negative;
  3. punishment;
  4. extinction.

  • A feeling of accomplishment

In this element, the behavior of human beings is increased by reward. For instance, to earn more pocket money (reward/positive reinforcement), a student upsurges a specific arrangement of behavior in learning that leads to passing the examinations with advanced grades (positive reinforcement). (Gorban, 2018)

  • Reinforcing the negative

In this element, the behavior of human beings is increased by avoidance or by escape. For instance, to prevent being grounded at home, a student must increase a certain pattern of behavior in studying that will result in passing the tests with greater scores than previously (the negative event actively being avoided)

  • Punishment

in this element, the behavior of human beings is reduced by suppression. For instance, after his or her parents send him or her home, a student’s procrastination during study time decreases.

  • Extinction

On this element of extinction, the behavior of human beings is eliminated by non-reinforcement. For instance, when parents disregard a child’s attempts to fool around (and so attract attention), the child quits fooling around. There may be an initial surge in the behavior before it gradually declines and eventually fades completely. In terms of long-term reduction in undesired behaviors, extinction is more effective than punishment.

In conclusion, whether positive or negative, the pattern and frequency of reinforcement (whether positive or negative) are directly related to how quickly the behavior is learned. However, the more the dependence of behavior on reinforcement, the greater the likelihood that the behavior would be extinct.

Motivational nature of conditioning theory

Operant conditioning

The model of operant conditioning is the most straightforward of all the inspiration philosophies. The primary premise of this theory is that people will do things for which they are compensated and will avoid doing things for which they are disciplined. This concept is referred to as the “law of consequence” in some circles. Though, if this were the entirety of conditioning model, we would not be having this discussion. (Saunders, et al.2018) In addition to providing more insight than the adage “prize what you want and penalize what you don’t,” operant conditioning theory also has the potential to help managers implement more effective management methods.

According to the definition of operant conditioning, learning takes place as a result of our “working on” the environment. Whenever we “act on the environment” (for instance, when we behave in a certain way), we will experience repercussions. These ramifications impact the possibility of repeating the same behavior in the upcoming. Learning happens as a result of our actions concerning the setting. The setting then responds to our actions, and the consequences of our actions are subjective by the environment’s response.

It is believed that we learn to act in a particular way because of the significances of our earlier actions, according to the operant conditioning theory. Each stage of the learning process has three unique steps. The first stage entails the use of a stimulus (S). Any scenario or event that we see and then respond to is referred to as a stimulus. An assignment for homework serves as a stimulus. During the second stage, we engage in a response (R), which may be defined as any behavior or act we engage in response to the motivation. Staying up late to complete your homework task on deadline is an example of a reaction. Lastly, a consequence (C) is an event that happens as a result of our response and that increases or decreases the probability of the reaction occurring in the upcoming. (Saunders, et al.2018) If Colleen Sullivan receives praise from her superior for her efforts, and if getting that praise is a good involvement, Colleen will probably continue to put out her best effort in future endeavors. If, on the other hand, Colleen’s answer (working hard) is disregarded or disapproved by her superior, the result is possible to be that Colleen will escape working hard in the forthcoming. For a reply to be frequent the next time the incentive is provided, the perceived consequence (whether good or negative) must first be recognized and experienced.

General Operant Model: S → R → C

Ways to Strengthen the S → R Link

  1. S → R → C+ (Positive Reinforcement)
  2. S → R → C– (Negative Reinforcement)
  3. S → R → (no C–) (Avoidance Learning)

Ways to Weaken the S → R Link

  1. S → R → (no C) (No reinforcement)
  2. S → R → C– (Punishment)

Part II: a critical analysis of conditioning theory

Strengths of conditioning theory (operant theory)

Operant conditioning model’s strength is that it has numerous applications in culture, such as the use of token thrifts with people who have mental health difficulties; anticipated behaviors such as making eye interaction are satisfied with secondary reinforces (tokens), which can be protected up and switched for main reinforcers (e.g., treats such as an outing or a singular dinner), with the result of growing eye contact and therefore assisting to adjust social behavior for the customer.

Opponent conditioning can also clarify the persistence of fears. (Maskani, et al. 2020) For example, if an individual’s worry is decreased by evading the feared object, this avoidant behavior is ingrained and becomes more probable as a result of the negative reinforcement.

In addition, studies such as those conducted by Vaughn et al., who taught cows to urinate in the precise portion of their inclusions through recompenses, demonstrate that the significances of an action are essential in defining whether or not that action becomes more or less probable to be repeated.

Weaknesses of conditioning theory (operant theory)

Skinner’s theory of behavior observes people from the perspective of the conduct that they exhibit. In this theory, the most significant flaw is the attempt to explain the behaviors of an individual simply via the use of visible events. Behaviorists are sometimes accused of rejecting the existence of ideas and thoughts by their critics. The most significant argument against behaviorism is that it is impossible to understand a person’s behavior without taking into consideration the individual’s mental activity. Behaviorists have been criticized by some for concentrating solely on behavior while disregarding the importance of physiology, neurobiology, and genetics in the process.

In addition, many useful applications of the model have been advanced, ranging from animal teaching to human education, and in numerous cases, these requests are effective in producing a behavioral change in animals and humans alike. Behavioral operant conditioning has made a substantial contribution to the advancement of psychological theory and practice. However, as is true of most psychological theories, this hypothesis has both its advantages and its disadvantages. (Maskani, et al. 2020) Although operant conditioning has both good and negative features, it is extremely significant in the promotion of learning desirable behaviors as well as the elimination of bad habits.

Based on the research of Snowman and McCown, token economies are used to reinforce behavior. In addition to positive reinforcement, it is another sort of behavior modification method that can be utilized with children to efficiently encourage good behavior within the schoolroom environment. Formed on a financial scheme in which tokens are used to obtain anticipated reinforces, token economies are a type of economy. In the context of purchasing products that have intrinsic worth, a token is anything that has little or no inherent value but may be used to “buy” items that do have intrinsic value. Teachers will design a reinforcement menu that will include items that can be “bought” using tokens and will be distributed to students. When students engage in the targeted actions in an appropriate manner, they will receive the necessary tokens.

To what degree and how conditioning theory addresses cultural diversity

Operant conditioning theory has a high degree of application. For instance, in the workplace diversity, operant conditioning theory is used in the following ways; Behavior may be changed most easily when it results in a negative outcome, according to the behavioral theory developed by renowned psychologist B.F. Skinner. (Ashcroft, et al. 2018) When applied to the workplace, this idea can be beneficial in a variety of ways, from addressing how employees connect with customers to determining how financially successful a company is on an annual basis.

  • Productivity

Employee confidence is connected with higher efficiency in the workplace, and operant conditioning can be used to uphold high levels of both in the workstation. According to the Theory into Practice Database, positive strengthening, which is the keystone of Skinner’s theory, will cause the anticipated reply, which in the workplace will be optimal output. Positive strengthening can take the procedure of verbal praise or pay upsurges, and it will cause the anticipated reply.

  • Project teams

Teams of workers working together to attain the same objective are commonplace in many corporate ventures today. Whenever a team associate does not meet his or her separate project objectives, it has the potential to cause battle among team associates, punishment from bosses, and a loss of replication commercial from customers. Opportunistic conditioning, which involves holding all workers answerable for their activities and rewarding high-performing groups, is one technique that can be used to guarantee that projects are finished on time and within a specified financial plan.

  • Diversity

Increasing ethnic and cultural diversity is a byproduct of the globalization of the workforce, which is seen in most commercial organizations today. (Ashcroft, et al. 2018) Managers who are unable to communicate efficiently with a diverse collection of employees run the danger of alienating their assistants and, in certain cases, jeopardizing commercial relationships with international clients. To support the operant conditioning paradigm, managers should receive leadership training that will help them evade making even one error when speaking with a worldwide spectators and keep positive and, thus, creative connections with all parties convoluted.

  • Customer service

Reinforcement can happen right away in the world of customer service, such as when a customer purchases a produce. When new workers are learning a group’s client service procedure, continuous reinforcement, according to the Reference for Business Encyclopedia, can be beneficial since it can expedite the learning procedure and guarantee that the right instructions are taken at a faster rate.

Where operant conditioning is most useful

Operant conditioning is most used in the workplace and the environment around us. Consider the situation of youngsters finishing schoolwork to obtain a reward from a parental or teacher or the situation of workers completing tasks to receive tributes or promotions. Additionally, a lecturer informs students that if they uphold perfect attendance through the semester, they will not be compulsory to sit for the final comprehensive exam. Learners are negatively fortified to attend class regularly when an unpleasant stimulus (the final exam) is removed.

Furthermore, whenever you fail to turn in a plan on time, your employer will become furious and publicly disapprove your work in front of your working colleagues. (Klein, 2020) This has the effect of acting as a positive punisher, making it less likely that you will complete assignments on time in the future.

Lastly, when a teen girl nose-dives to tidy up her room as demanded, her parents remove her phone for the rest of the day. In this case, the positive stimulus has been taken away, which is an example of a form of negative punishment.

A rise in behavior is observed in some of these situations when the promise or potential of incentives is offered. Operant conditioning can also be used to decrease a behavior by either eliminating a desirable importance or applying a bad consequence to the situation. For instance, if a youngster speaks out of turn in class, the teacher may inform them that they may forfeit their recess privileges. Disruptive activities are likely to reduce as a result of the possibility of punishment.

Part III:

Unique influences of operant conditioning theory

In the usual learning environment, operant conditioning smears mostly to matters of class and student administration, rather than to education content. It is particularly applicable to developing ability performance. A basic technique to modify behavior is to deliver response on student performance, e.g., respects, approbation, inspiration, and confirmation. An adjustable ratio produces the uppermost reply rate for student’s education a new task, whereby originally reinforcement (e.g., praise) occurs at recurrent intervals, and as the performance advances reinforcement happens less regularly until finally only excellent results are reinforced.

For instance, if a teacher required to inspire pupils to answer queries in class they should admiration them for every try (irrespective of whether their response is precise) (regardless of whether their response is precise). (Amodio, 2019) Slowly the teacher will only applaud the kids when their response is precise, and over time only extraordinary solutions will be acclaimed. Unwanted behaviors, such as lateness and controlling class conversation can be eliminated through being overlooked by the teacher (rather than being reinforced by having courtesy brought to them) (rather than being reinforced by having courtesy drawn to them). This is not an informal assignment, as the teacher may seem dishonest if he/she thinks too much about the way to behave. Information about achievement is also crucial since it drives further study. But, it is vital to alter the sort of reinforcement supplied so that the conduct is sustained. This is not an easy assignment, as the teacher may seem dishonest if he/she thinks too much about the way to act.

How operant conditioning theory helps one to understand others

Operant conditioning helps me to understand others by, it explains that human behaviors are triggered by some aspects such as; positive strengthening, positive punishment, negative penalty, and negative strengthening. Humans can be inspired by what they do, for instance, the audience applauds you after you participate in a public theater production. This helps as a motivating factor, hopeful you to test for other positions.

How operant conditioning hinder the ability to understand others

Operant conditioning theory hinders the ability to understand others by, it ignores the cognitive procedures. In addition, it makes the incorrect assumption that learning occurs solely through reinforcement while supervising genetic tendencies and species-specific behavior designs that can delay with it.

References:

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Thaxton, S., & Agnew, R. (2018). When criminal coping is likely: An examination of conditioning effects in general strain theory. Journal of quantitative criminology34(4), 887-920.

De Houwer, J. (2018). Propositional models of evaluative conditioning. Social Psychological Bulletin13(3), 1-21.

Gorban, A. N., & Tyukin, I. Y. (2018). Blessing of dimensionality: mathematical foundations of the statistical physics of data. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences376(2118), 20170237.

Saunders, B. T., Richard, J. M., Margolis, E. B., & Janak, P. H. (2018). Dopamine neurons create Pavlovian conditioned stimuli with circuit-defined motivational properties. Nature Neuroscience21(8), 1072-1083.

Maskani, M., & Abdoli, M. (2020). Investigating the Effectiveness of Operant Conditioning Behavior Theory on Relationship between CEO Behavioral Bias with Internal Control Weakness in Companies listed in the Tehran Stock Exchange. Journal of Financial Management Strategy8(29).

Ashcroft, R. T., & Bevir, M. (2018). Multiculturalism in contemporary Britain: policy, law, and theory. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy21(1), 1-21.

Klein, K. T. (2020). High-throughput operant conditioning in Drosophila larvae (Doctoral dissertation, University of Cambridge).

Amodio, D. M. (2019). Social Cognition 2.0: An interactive memory systems account. Trends in Cognitive Sciences23(1), 21-33.

Wolff, M., Evens, R., Mertens, L. J., Koslowski, M., Betzler, F., Gründer, G., & Jungaberle, H. (2020). Learning to let go: A cognitive-behavioral model of how psychedelic therapy promotes acceptance. Frontiers in psychiatry11, 5.

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