How The Internet Reconditioned Business Thinking Essay Example

Evolution of the internet

The internet has first revolutionized our thinking and then has continued to force evolution upon us. The internet revolution came upon us very quickly. This speed was driven first through the development of computer languages: HyperText Markup Language (HTML), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP), Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). Along with the hardware of the computer, the new languages allowed communication between all computers, wherever they were situated, add to that the infrastructure built to facilitate the inter-computer communication, gradually evolving from the dial-up to the fiber optic cables that allow broadband speed, the internet as a tool for human productivity has changed the business world.

What economic forces drove this vast proliferation of computer connectivity and communication? The fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of Soviet Communism is important to factor (Friedman 2005, p.50). This fall of Soviet-style Communism ended the competition that had raged between Communism and Capitalism, in favor of Capitalism. Free market forces took the intellectual property of the internet and harnessed it to the power of the entrepreneur and competition.

The entrepreneur plays the vital role of transmission to the marketplace of the new technology. They see consumer demand that exists and can be served, or consumer demand that doesn’t even exist currently, but fulfills a need, that they can provide for. Through saved capital or borrowed capital, these entrepreneurs assume the risk of forecasting the uncertain future. If they are correct, they create profits for themselves. If they are wrong, they eventually give up or enter bankruptcy.

The initial capital and driving force for the online business came from the start-up and Venture Capital based business model. These early successes which rapidly grew into Corporate behemoths continued the process. One variable that was very important in the early genesis was the networking effect. The more custom you could attract, the more attractive became your good or service, because it allowed others, in an ever-growing pool of individuals, to interact. The early success stories featured this network effect: Microsoft, Amazon, eBay, all provided the network effect to their customers, which ensured their success and growth to a point of domination.

There were in government, fears of a monopoly. This fear was unfounded. In a competitive market, only by out-competing your competition in terms of service or prices, will you succeed, which is not the definition of a monopoly.

After the growth of the hardware and software that powered the internet, there came the growth and evolution of strategies and business models: retail came under the challenge of online bookselling with Amazon, the selling of goods in the second-hand market thrived with E-BAY, just-in-time delivery was perfected by DELL, and Walmart took this strategy, added supply chain logistics to it, and grew to such a size that they account for, according to Fishman (2006 p.242), ”with four other companies 9% of US GDP.” These Corporate behemoths drove a second economic phenomenon, outsourcing.

Essentially everything that could be digitalized, was. The result was that many jobs simply disappeared overseas, call centers were now located in India, as was legal work and other skill-based jobs that could be completed and transferred back to the host country (Hazlitt 2011, p.xxvii).

Further, skilled workers could now collaborate from anywhere in the world. Firms could contract specialists, and not worry about pension plans, medical plans, and other benefits that go with the salary. This horizontal competition lowered prices as the global marketplace competed for work that once was the province of the permanent employee, who was located serendipitously.

Corporate tools all become available to the individual

The revolution continued to the individual. The news media and media, in general, came under attack from the individual who now had access to the tools to create and upload content, and download content. Newspapers are a dying breed as news first migrated to aggregators, then, individuals would provide further content and analysis via personal blogs. Music, film, all are uploaded to YouTube, which has yet not quite figured out how to best monetize this content, file sharing virtually destroyed recorded music. Today bands use new music to promote live shows, which is ironic, as recorded music in its heyday made live musicians redundant.

Today the news and social media breakfast on Twitter, a micro-blog of limited characters. When Osama bin Laden was killed, his death was reported in minutes on Twitter. The larger Corporations, after leading the revolution, fell behind and are now struggling to catch up in this social area. The elephant in the room here is Facebook. Facebook monetizes its data, much in the same way as Google does. All the searches, personal information, likes/dislikes of hundreds of millions of people are aggregated and analyzed, and sold to companies wanting to target customers of a particular demographic for sales and marketing purposes.

Online marketplaces

Many of these internet businesses have gone mobile. The mobile phone, now with its touch screen and larger surface area, means that the internet which previously resided on your desk is becoming increasingly something you carry with you everywhere. Social media, shopping, and other entertainment are all already available on the phone. Soon so will your money and bank account, all current online banking services will migrate to your mobile phone (Feather 2000, p.51).

For all that, nothing much has changed. Creative destruction, whereby the new ideas, business practices, technological advances, were responsible for displacing the old settled way, with the new. In this way, the economy would enter a new business cycle breaking out of equilibrium (Schumpeter 2007, p.66,67). The Communist Manifesto detailed the very same phenomenon in the industrial revolution as we see today in the internet revolution, Karl Marx states (2012 p.15);

“All fixed, fast, frozen relations, with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are swept away, all new-formed ones become antiquated before they can ossify. It compels all nations, on pain of extinction, to adopt the bourgeois mode of production; it compels them to introduce what it calls civilization into their midst, i.e., to become bourgeois themselves. In a word, it creates a world after its own image.”

Conclusions

In truth, the internet, in the same way, that the industrial revolution revolutionized the way that business was done, has done so once again. Capitalism and the free market mandate competition between producers to supply consumers with their most urgently demanded wants and needs, at the lowest price possible. Over a period of time, Corporations, benefiting from government intervention and granted privilege, came to dominate the marketplace.

The competition was stifled or prevented altogether, small businesses and individuals struggled against this protection afforded to bought political influence. The internet however has been a great leveler. True, it has created some huge Corporations, but these Corporations thrive not due to government-granted privilege and subsidy, but through the ability to out-compete their competition. However, the individual has returned on an increasingly level playing field, to compete on near equal terms, due to the internet

References

Feather, F. 2000. futureconsumer.com. Warwick Publishing. Chicago.

Fishman, C. 2006. The Walmart Effect. Penguin Books. Victoria, Australia.

Friedman, T. 2005. The World is Flat. Penguin Books. Victoria, Australia.

Hazlitt, H. 2011. Business Tides. Mises Institute. Auburn, Alabama.

Marx, K. 2012. The Communist Manifesto. CreateSpace. The United States.

Schumpeter, J. 2007. The Theory of Economic Development. Transaction Publishers, London, UK.

The UAE Healthcare Services Access For Disabled

Background

Human health is more important than all other aspects of life. Nations and individuals have different ways of preventing the spread of diseases and managing them to ensure they do not have serious effects on them (Gaad 57). This essay presents a report of the research conducted in Abu Dhabi to evaluate the changes, challenges, and opportunities regarding access to quality health care services by people with disabilities.

Definitions

A disability is a problem or situation that interferes with the normal life of an individual and hinders the person from doing what other people do. The problem may be mental, physical, or emotional, depending on the nature of the situation and how it affects an individual. This report will focus on the physical disabilities of patients seeking medical services in private hospitals.

Social Construct of Disability

The Abu Dhabi society has changed its perceptions and attitudes towards people with disabilities. These people were marginalised and discriminated against a decade ago because society believed that they were a burden that wastes public resources (Gaad 59). Society believes that people who have disabilities cannot do any constructive work; instead, they rely on others for social and economic support. However, public awareness campaigns have intensified and transformed the public’s opinion regarding these people. The people interviewed agreed that a lot has been done to improve the lives of these victims.

Problems with Inadequate Representation of Identity and Disability

The National Disability Report Centre recorded a poor representation and reporting of people with disabilities. The study revealed that disabled people do not dare to visit public offices and report their cases. The stigma associated with their disabilities instilled fear and lowered their self-esteem. Therefore, they still believe that society has not accepted them. The national census conducted in 2011 estimated that 12% of the population of Abu Dhabi had physical disabilities. The centre has pushed the government to establish policies that ensure disabled people access public services without restrictions.

Cultural Perceptions of Disability

The culture of Abu Dhabi did not recognise people with disabilities because they were treated as burdens. People discriminated against them in places of work and public facilities. The fact that an individual had a disability made him a burden to society. Family members had poor attitudes towards those with disabilities and this explains the low reporting and inadequate representation in various issues. A good example is Hassan Ghazi, who did not access public services due to his disability. Thousands of other people like him continue to suffer in silence because their cultures do not recognise them.

Services Available

The last decade has witnessed and ushered tremendous changes that made life easier for people with disabilities. Disabled people in Seha get their full rights and access to high-quality health care services. Racism and other forms of discrimination in public –places have reduced significantly. The movement of disabled people has been eased by the introduction of wheelchairs in public places, special parking for their vehicles, and contractors are supposed to pay attention to the needs of these people and ensure their buildings meet the prescribed standards (Anati and Ain 76). The survey revealed that people with disabilities are now living and enjoying life just like their counterparts.

Models, Decisions, and Policies

The Abu Dhabi government has managed to improve the lives of people with disabilities through different approaches. First, a robust campaign was launched to educate the public on the need to respect, love, and help people with disabilities to ensure they live happily. These people are allowed to apply for jobs and work in the public sector without discrimination. Wheelchairs and other technology-based assistive services are available in public places to enable these people to access the services they require from different institutions (Gaad 61). The government established funds and insurance covers for disabled people. Disabled people have the right and freedom of communicating to the public and express their opinions regarding various issues that affect their lives. There is a financial punishment for those who violate these policies or use disabled people’s cards to access public services.

The Experience of Disability

Disabled people have for a long time suffered due to negligence by society and government. Those who live in the rural areas suffer more than their colleagues in urban centres because of the poor infrastructure and limited public awareness regarding their conditions (Anati and Ain 81). However, being disabled does not mean that the victim cannot perform ordinary jobs. Disabled individuals are usually discriminated against in public places because most people do not value them. However, it is wrong to assume that a person with physical disabilities cannot become a service public. These individuals are normal people just like others except for their physical disabilities. They can perform even better than normal ones if they are given equal opportunities to showcase their skills.

Facts and Phenomenology

The facts of the disabled population in Abu Dhabi reveal that this country needs to do a lot more to combat the problems facing people with disabilities. The education enrolment rate for people with disabilities is 23%, 14%, and 8% for primary, secondary and college, or university levels. An improvement of public expenditure by 13% means that disabled people will access more high-quality services (Anati and Ain 85). Women and people living in rural areas constitute a significant percentage of people living with disabilities, yet they cannot access high-quality services due to cultural and economic barriers.

Works Cited

Anati, Nisreen M. and Al Ain. “Including Students with Disabilities in UAE Schools: A Descriptive Study.” International Journal of Special Education 27.2 (2012): 75-85. Print.

Gaad, Eman. “The Teacher Assistant Programme across the UAE: Empower to Include.” Journal of International Education Research 11.1 (2015): 57-62. Print.

The Great Awakening That Refers To The Spiritual Revitalization

The Great Awakening refers to the spiritual revitalization that swept across New England colonies in the 18th century, which sparked renewed religious activity in America. Many preachers participated in the dynamic transformation of the faithful and followers of the traditional Protestantism like Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield. This radical religious change instilled a sense of personal revelation of salvation by Jesus Christ. As it created numerous changes in the view of leadership of the religious groups and means of expressing ideas and opinions for spiritual growth, individuals felt that bible teachings were addressing their needs. The impacts of this move not only affected the religious groupings but also had immense effect on the political leadership and reign of in the American territory. Passion and commitment in the radical changes contributed significantly to the growth of American nationalism.

Unity of the Great Awakening made drastic effects on the English politics and religion by condemning the hierarchical form of leadership. The people gain understanding that leadership was received from other people rather the endowment of leadership due to one’s background. By knowing that authority from God could be manifested to anyone other than rulers and leaders, people established a notion that political leadership too was a contract between people and the leader (Edwards 198). From the establishment of the relationship that existed between the church and the faithful, a consensus was reached that the church demanded obedience from the people while the church ought to provide teachings on righteousness and morality. People developed the concept of democracy in any grouping and the need to consider changes and ideas of other people. This created independence in the choice of leadership and provided the insight of formation of consensual government.

Meanwhile, the search of independence in religious practices and norms influenced by the Great Awakening preachers led to the review of the covenant of God with America. The call made stern condemnation to the materialistic, acquisitive and corrupt world that was prevalent in the colonial society. This corruption practices were diverse because of the long chain of authority that existed between the colonies and the mother country. Awakening prompted the fight and eagerness for self-governance and leadership that exhibited morality and obedience of its people. Moreover, the Awakening move led to the removal of the disparity in class systems that grouped people and fought to protect the elite mostly. Awakening preachers sought to establish fairness, considered all people to be equal, and have the same standing in the eyes of God.

Evangelism of the Awakening leaders led to the indulgent that all people were alike and received the same consideration in the eyes of God. This mentality impelled the Americans to defy the Empire of the British by the unity initiated by the rationalists and evangelicals (Kidd, p. 254). Though the British tried to compel its colonies against the formation of multiple denomination, the defiance grew steadily and its forces were no longer controllable that later led to the American Revolution in it search for independence. The dictatorship leadership and the crucial weakness that surfaced in their leadership systems triggered most of these actions.

A call by the Awakening preachers for a religion that was for commerce envisioned was crucial towards America’s revolution. Most of the old denominations of the colonist taught religion as a social cooperation that embraced communitarian system. Because of the practice of this system, many people were influenced to be benevolent and make self-sacrifices. Such mentality created a sense of dependence on the colonies at the time of needs and acceptance of their demand. After the establishment of the Great Awakening move, the need of personal wealth consideration and value was instilled in the mindset of the people. As a result, during the defiance of the empire rule the people were independent and could fight for their political favors with ease. Generally, the Great Awakening is viewed as having contributed significantly to the American Revolution.

Works Cited

  1. Edwards, Jonathan, and C. C. Goen. The Great Awakening. [Rev. ed. New Haven, Conn. ; London: Yale University Press, 2009. Print.
  2. Kidd, Thomas S.. The great awakening: the roots of evangelical Christianity in colonial America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007. Print.

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