How To Become A Doctor Essay Example For College

When you think about an OB/GYN what do you think of? Many people don’t realize what they do or the job that they have. They will be with a woman at some of their most important moments of their life and they are there for everything for a woman. In this paper I am going to be talking about all the steps and information you will need in order to become an OB/GYN.

First of all, the acronym OB/GYN stands for two different things. OB stands for obstetrician, and GYN stands for gynecologist. You might be thinking well what’s the difference? “A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in women’s reproductive health. Obstetricians care for women during their pregnancy and just after the baby is born. They also deliver babies. An ob-gyn is trained to do all of these things.” (Definition of ob/gyn, PG 1). Your ob-gyn will deal with some of the most important health issues in your life, including birth control, childbirth, and menopause. An ob-gyn can also screen for cancer, treat infections, and perform surgery for pelvic organ or urinary tract problems. Because ob-gyns deal with such personal and sensitive health issues, the thought of seeing one, especially for the first time, may be troubling to some women. You might be nervous or embarrassed at having a doctor see the most private parts of your body. Or you may be reluctant to discuss your most intimate issues with an ob-gyn, but at the end of the day it’s their job and they see those things every day and they are here for you.

This next section is going to be talking about the steps to become an OB/GYN. “Step 1 is to pursue a four-year undergraduate degree, such as a Bachelor of Science in Human Biology.” (Career: Gynecologists and Obstetricians, Pg. 1) Students may consider taking courses in biology, chemistry and anatomy, which provide a foundation of education for medical school and human health. “The next step is to pass the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT) to gain entry into medical school.” (Career: Gynecologists and Obstetricians, Pg. 2) The MCAT is an intensive, day-long exam that tests students on biology, chemistry and physics, in addition to reading and writing skills. The Association of American Medical Colleges notes that roughly half of the students who apply to medical school are accepted. As a result, many pre-med students begin studying for the exam well in advance of college graduation. Step 3 is to complete a 4-year medical school program. “Aspiring OBGYNs take many of the same courses as general physicians but may choose classes with a concentration in obstetrics and gynecology.” (Career: Gynecologists and Obstetricians, Pg. 3) Medical school programs also include extensive hands-on practice through clinical rotations in which students can gain experience in OBGYN. The next step is to complete an internship and residency in a hospital. An internship is usually a year long, while a medical residency may last between 3-7 years. During a medical residency, OBGYN students are paid employees and may evaluate patients, create treatment plans and observe patient progress. The final step is to obtain a license. State licensure is mandatory in order to officially become an OBGYN. Students who are licensed can legally begin medical practice in the U.S. and its related territories. (Career: Gynecologists and Obstetricians, Pg. 4) Once you have made it through all of the schooling then you can begin your career as an OB/GYN. The total amount of schooling is roughly 12 years from start to finish. People may be scared off by that but if you are truly meant to become a doctor and that is your end goal, nothing will stop you.

Everyone normally wonders, well how much does a doctor make? It depends on if they practing as an obgyn or if they are just doing one or the other. The average Physician – Obstetrics/Gynecology salary in Michigan is $268,526 as of December 01, 2018, but the range typically falls between $232,959 and $323,164. (Physician – Obstetrics/Gynecology in Michigan, Pg.1) People may say well that’s too much money or wow that’s a lot but they have a lot on the line for their job and they have a lot of responsibility. They have worked hard and continue to work hard every day, so their salary is good for them.

Throughout this whole paper you may think, holy cow that’s a lot to do, in order to become an obgyn. It is scary to think about all the years of education you may need but it is good for someone who will enjoy this career one day. Throughout this paper I was going to be talking about all the steps and information you will need in order to become an OB/GYN, I hope that you learned a lot about this great career and you got to see a glimpse of what my future is going to be like.

The Role Of Family In Life

Family plays an enormous role in every single person’s life. Whether it is a positive or negative experience, a person will be shaped by the interactions within their own family. In today’s world, it is common for parents to file for a divorce. Separation between a married couple not only affects the couple but also all their children involved. Description of Family Within my family, I have a mother, father and older sister.

My older sister is seven years older than myself. My parents were only a senior in high school when my sister was born. My mother was 18 years old and my father was 17 years old. High school was where my parents began to start dating and were only together for two short years before my mother found out she was pregnant. There were high levels of tension between my parents and my grandparents because they were at such a young age to start a family. My father was an excellent baseball player with many scholarships to go to college out of state, but he turned them all down when my mother became pregnant. My mother had dreams of becoming a dentist, but just like my father, they were not able to be filled with a new baby in their life. Both of my parents worked as much as they could to prepare for the birth of my sister, but it was still very difficult for them to make ends meet. Thankfully, both sets of my grandparents were very helpful in making sure my parents had everything they needed to provide for a baby. My sister was the first grandchild for both sides of the family therefore, she was treated like a princess. My grandparents would babysit my sister while my parents finished up the school year and had their after-school jobs. When my sister was around the age of 3, my parents got married.

At this point in their life, my dad was the breadwinner while my mother stayed home with my sister. A couple of years later, my parents decided they were ready to have another child. At the time my sister was 7 years old, so they had waited an efficient amount of time and saved up enough money to take on the cost of another child. This is where I came into the world. My father was 26 and my mother was 27. My mother continued to stay home with my sister and me until I was about 1 year old. I was a very sick baby so it became very difficult for my mother to take care of me all day long when I would just cry. My mother got a job at the local jail where she was a dental assistant. Everything seemed normal to me until I was about 5 years old when I became aware that my parents were fighting quite often. Experience When I was growing up, I thought my household was so great and the bond between my parents would never end, however, I was very wrong. I had just started kindergarten when my parents sat me down to have a “talk” with me. They had decided to get a divorce and I was very shocked and irate that my parents wanted to separate.

My sister was 12 at the time and going through puberty so she had very mixed emotions about the divorce. She was much more aware of the resentment and unhappiness of the household compared to me. Looking back at the situation, I was very ignorant of what was actually going on. My parents barely talked to one another and it seemed like such a trouble to get them to communicate effectively. It was a scary time for me because I had just started school and I did not know if that would be the school I would continue to go to. I spent a lot of time with my grandparents and close relatives. Since I was so young, I did not have many friends besides family or family friends. My sister, on the other hand, was at an age where she had a bunch of friends and she spent the majority of the time with them out of the household. After my parents had divorced, my mom moved twenty minutes away while my dad stayed at my childhood home. My sister stayed with my dad so that she would not have to start all over at a new school and I moved in with my mom.

However, the problem was my mother moved into a household with another man. Once again, I did not understand that it was apparent my mother left my father to move in with another man, but my sister did. The resentment and hatred that my sister and father had for my mother started around this time. My mother tried to have a relationship with my sister, but it was not an easy task. My mother’s family treated my father as their own son or brother and continued to care for my father the exact same. As a result, my mother’s side of the family disconnected from her because they wanted nothing to do with her being with another man. My family could not believe that after 10 years of marriage, my mother would walk away and ultimately leave everything. Theory Bowen’s family system theory is developed by Murray Bowen who is a well-known psychiatrist and focused on the dynamics of a family. Bowen did not concentrate on people at an individual level, but rather the relationships within the family system. The theory evaluates the cause and effect of the relationships involved (PowerPoint slides, Feb. 4). Each person’s emotional levels will reflect on the emotional levels of others within the same family system. Furthermore, any change in the system will result in some sort of change in other parts of the systems as well (ISSFI, pg. 1). Assumptions Bowen family system theory has an assumption about all of human nature. He believed that our emotional system is automatic responses and these emotions cannot be learned, but rather already coded within us.

Therefore, when we respond to behaviors, we respond in a way that is automatic and not a conscious decision. In addition, Bowen stated it is evident that humans are more alike than different from other forms of nature. Anything that is alive has the same emotional and feelings system as humans, which make them more similar than different. Humans based their life on the focus of becoming their own individual but also making sure to stay align with members of their family. He believed that all parts of nature (humans, plants, etc.) lived their life on the concept of constant anxiety. Anxiety is not also considered bad, or good, but something that just comes along with living. Lastly, Bowen came to the conclusion that families function as an emotional system. Some families are more emotional than others; it is dependent on the emotional connections and anxiety of the family. Overall, the way one family member behaves will drive other members of the family to adjust or change as well (PowerPoint, Feb. 4). Concepts & Application One of the concepts that apply to the divorce of my parents is triangling. There is anxiety between two people within the system, and a third person is brought into the scenario to decrease tension. When using triangling, the short-term result will be the calming of the situation, but the long-term effects will cause damage within the relationship. The two original sources are not facing the problem themselves because they depend on their relationship based on the third source (ISSFI, pg. 5).

When more people are involved in triangling, the more hectic the situation will become between all parties and ultimately affects the whole family system. Within my parent’s divorce, my older sister was always brought into the tension between the two. Since my sister was at an age that she understood what was going on, it was an easy outlet for my parents and outside family to express their anxiety to her. My outside family on both sides made comments about my mother moving to another man and projected this onto my sister. Everyone believed channeling in my sister was beneficial, but they soon learned it was not. My sister began to have resentment towards my mother and that ultimately ruined their mother-daughter relationship. She decided to live with my father and I still wanted to stay with my mother. This made it very difficult for myself because I was separated from my father and my sister. By triangling my sister into my parent’s relationship, the problem was never solved because my parents just projected their problems onto my sister thinking she could solve the problem herself. The dependency of my sister being the outlet for the problem still resulted in a divorce between my parents.

Bowen’s family projection process also occurred during the divorce of my parents. The emotions that they were having in their marriage, was then projected onto my sister and me. It was mostly onto my sister since she was older and more aware of what was going on. My sister would ask my parents questions about the marriage, and in return, my parents would say hurtful words towards one another. The result of the projection causes one child to feel less independent and needing constant approval by others for their actions. On the other hand, the other child is less dependent on the parents and is more focused on their own happiness and not the approval of others (ISSFI, pg. 7). My sister would be an example of the child who was dependent on my parents and needed approval by everyone. I can recall my sister constantly being worried about her appearance because she wanted everyone to approve of what she looked like. She would wake up abnormally early in the morning to get ready for school.

In addition, my sister would always ask my parents if they “approved” of her outfit or her friends. She lived for the reassurance that my parents gave her and felt accomplished if my parents approved of her decisions. The anxiety that my parents projected to my sister affected her self-confidence and ultimately the way she lived her life. My sister has always hesitated to achieve her goals in life because she was very dependent on my father. Meanwhile, I was a carefree child that did not care what everyone thought. I would say I was rebellious and did whatever made me happy. I also left home to achieve my goals of graduating from college, whereas my sister never left home or moved away. Even though my parents never wanted to intentionally hurt my sister, their decision to express their anxiety to her has caused long-term negative effects. An additional concept related to the divorce is emotional-cutoff which is a response to when anxiety and tensions are high. There are two types of cut-off that can refer to a physical or emotional. Physical is actually leaving and moving away from the family or situation (ISSFI, pg. 9). While emotional might not be physically moving away but is making sure to detach from the anxiety.

The emotional cut-off is a consequence of unresolved attachment within the system. This causes people involved to be highly oversensitive, restless and uneasy about the current situation (PowerPoint, Feb. 6). From the example of my parent’s divorce, my mother moving away from my father would refer to a physical emotional cut-off. My mother could not deal with the high-intensity fighting between my father and her, therefore she decided to move out. Instead of working on the problems, my mother cut my father out of her life. Unlike my mother, my sister would be an example of emotionally cutting off someone. My sister was highly upset with the way my mother decided to leave my father, so she decided to isolate herself from the situation. The anxiety of the family was seen as a threat to my sister and in response, she became cut my mother out. I was very curious as to why my sister never wanted to speak to my mother, so I would ask her many questions.

My sister would just ignore my questions and try to change the subject. Once again, I was at an age where I felt like “out of the loop” with my family. All my questions and concerns were disregarded and directed somewhere else. Eventually, after many discussions and therapy sessions, my mother and my sister were able to rekindle their relationship. My mother had to own up to her mistakes with my sister, and they began to slowly build their relationship again. Sibling position is the last concept from Bowen that applies to my parent’s divorce. The oldest child tends to have the most anxiety brought upon them by their parents. This leads to the eldest obtaining the leadership role of the family (PowerPoint, Feb. 6). While the youngest child does not have the anxiety projected on them as severe and is more likely to be carefree. Overall, sibling position makes it obvious of each person’s role and how they will respond to particular situations based on their role. In addition, sibling position makes it obvious of each child’s weak point and how to work on the strengths of the children (ISSFI, pg. 9). My sister was the eldest, so it was obvious she took on the role of leadership. There are multiple occasions where my parents were fighting, and my sister would take me into her bedroom to sleep.

She felt responsible to take care of me when my parents were not available to. In situations where conflict was high, my sister would consistently step up to take care of me. She knew her role and I knew mine. I could always count on her to be there when I needed her. Conversely, I was aware of my role as the youngest child. I did not take leadership in situations because I knew my sister always would. In addition, my anxiety levels about my family were not nearly as high as my sister. Since my sister received most of the projection from my parents, she had high levels of anxiety. My strengths were not letting the anxiety of my family affect my life and became independent. While my sister’s limitations were being reliant on my parents as well as needing approval. Overall, a divorce is not an easy experience for a family. The high level of anxiety between the parents and children will have long-term effects for all parties involved. The Bowen theory can be used to explain multiple dynamics within a family system and how a traumatic situation can be explained. Ultimately, all the experiences encountered within a family will shape a person into who they become.

Analysis Of Interview With My Mother

Karin Bouzaher, my mother, was born on October 12, 1958 in a suburb of Indiana. Not long after, her family consisting of her father Myron, her mother Ernestina, and her brother Fred, moved to Norwood, Massachusetts. In her early twenties she met my father Brahim in Boston, where they were both studying dentistry; she was at Northeastern University, and he was at Harvard. They got married right out of college, and had many diverse experiences before deciding to setting down in Sandusky, Ohio. In 1987, their first child Alisha was born; then came Eli in 1994, Julia in 1998, and me, Isabel in 2000. They set up their own practice in town, treating the people of Sandusky until my father’s passing on May 11, 2002.

The interview which anchors this analysis, differs greatly from formal social science interviews. A number of things are usually taken into consideration with formal sociological studies. For example, the sociologist must show an effort to build rapport and “get in” with those they are studying, in order to breed trust and a more successful study (Duneier, 1999:336). Additionally, if the study is cross-racial, there is a possibility for participants to feel like they have to wear a “mask”, and conceal their genuine honesty around another race (Duneier, 1999:338). However, because this interviewee is my mother, most of these things are not necessary; we are able to have an honest and genuine conversation, mostly due to our familiar background. Unlike more official research methods, I was able to sit down with my mother over tea, something which we partake in regularly, and have a truly comfortable conversation. I saw my mother as an excellent candidate for this analysis because of her openness and her ability to recount not only her diverse experiences, but also how they were affected by her life with my father, who is not able to speak on his own behalf. Similarly, I knew my mother contains a certain level of sociological competence; she has used her intelligence to understand and navigate her interactions with other members of our society (Lemert, 2012:5). Not only this, but she also possess a sociological imagination, understanding that the personal issues she may have faced throughout life can often be connected to larger historical powers and public issues (Mills, 2000: 5). My mother grew up in the sixties and seventies, a time period very different from my own; however, everything I have learned has been from her. Therefore, an analysis of her story specifically not only provides a better insight into her life, and the sociological concepts which shaped it, but mine as well. Although we have led two distinct lives, my interview with my mother, Karin Bouzaher revealed that our lives have been shaped by the social world in which we live, and therefore I argue that the presence of change across generations, the attainment of habitus, and relationship between agency and structure of our family, stem from the presence of various sociological concepts.

Being from different generations, my mother and I face distinct expectations for how we choose to live our lives, and what is deemed acceptable by family and society, specifically in relation to the transition towards marriage and starting our own independent lives. There was a certain level of socialization that was expected to occur; my mother was to embody and abide by the values and norms of her society in order to be accepted as a part of it (Lemert, 2012:40). When my mother met my father, she had no doubt that she had met the man of her dreams. She told me, “Your father was so handsome and that french accent made me weak,” everything about him let her know she could not let him go. My father was born in Algeria, and came to America on a visa to continue his education. When that visa ran out, and he was forced to return overseas, my mother was terrified she would never see him again. So, they eloped and she followed him back to his country to live together until they could move back to America permanently. This absolutely terrified her mother. The attitude towards ethnicity and interracial marriage was very different in that time. My mother describes the norm of the era, one which her own other had followed and expected the same of her daughter, was to meet a nice American man, get married, settle down in a conventional suburban house, and start making babies. These are examples of some of the social things of the time, the practices and habits created and also expected within a culture (Lemert, 2012:11). What my mother did was not standard by any means, and it left her mother horrified and nervous. While other women were having chapel marriage ceremonies and their first child, my mother was working for the US Embassy in a third-world country, and being harassed by Muslim men for walking down the street to the bakery without my father by her side. However, the way my mother has chose to raise me and my sisters, has always been to put our happiness of our lives first, and ignore what other people think. Although there are still ignorant people in our society, I know this generation of our family is extremely progressive and open minded, with very different views from those my mother was raised with.

The habitus that my mother grew up in differs from that which I was raised; however, there are elements which have been passed on to my generation, and my siblings and I will make an effort pass on to our next. Habitus can be described as the practices and habits which we face in our lives, particularly in relation to influences from our upbringings (Lemert, 2011:37,42-43). For example, some of our best memories as a family have been made in the kitchen. My mother received countless recipes from her mother and grandmother including traditional European dinners, desserts, and Christmas cookies. Food was a large part of what shaped my mother’s cultural background and kept her grounded to her heritage. My mother recalls, “When I had children, I knew I would want to do the same, to directly get them connected to where we come from.” My mother not only raised us on the European food of her childhood, but also the traditional North African food of my father’s culture. All of my siblings and I have expressed our desire to do the same with our children, even joking about creating a mass cookbook off all of the recipes of our family, and attempting to master them all like our mother has.

Undoubtedly, the opportunities which I am provided with in my life, are determined by previous generations of my family, specifically my parents. The two concepts which back this claim are those of agency and structure, and their relationship to one another. In sociology, agency may be considered free will, or the ability for an individual to make their own choices. Whereas, structures are social forces which may determine an individual’s choices and opportunities (Lemert, 2012:88-89). An individual experiences certain circumstances based on their surrounding society and social structures; however, an individual’s reaction to these structures can also determine their life outcomes. For example, in 2008 America was hit by the Recession; many economic and social structures were affected in its wake: the job market, the housing market, and overall incomes. It had been six years since my father had lost his battle with lung cancer, and my mother was struggling not only with her own mental state, but with the responsibility of raising four children by herself. On top of all of this, the recession was catastrophic, and it affected our family for years to come. My mother described it as “being caught underneath a giant wave, as soon as [she] was finally able to come up for air, [she] got hit again.” At the time, finding a steady, well-paying job was seemingly impossible, and she spent years unemployed, living month to month off social security checks in order to support the family. She began to experience a sense of aimlessness, that is normal to arise when the predictability of life is taken away; this is a term coined “anomie” by Emile Durkheim in his work “Suicide” (Durkheim 1897). Although she never amounted to an extreme level of depression, her despair was undeniable. This is the story for many families, whose lives and chances are determined by the structures which run our society. “I don’t think they expected me to fight back as hard as I did,” as she describes her battle with the bank to save our house from foreclosure. An unemployed, widowed, single mother of four may be expected by most to just toss in the towel; however, my mother lives to defy odds. The economy had tanked and social structures were dictating the lives of thousands of Americans. However, my mother’s use of agency – her determination and free will to fight against these structures – is the reason our family was able to survive the Recession and still be given favorable life chances. Because of my mother’s struggles, me and my siblings were able to stay in our childhood home, have food to eat and clothes to wear, as well as a high school education, and the access to a college education that will provide us with our own opportunities. My agency has most certainly been shaped by the history of my family, and the experiences and agency of my mother.

By interviewing my mother, I was already aware of her key life success and failures, her values, and other aspects of her life. However, it was not this interview and analysis process that I was able to dive deeper into these happenings, and possibly find connections and reasonings within them. Not only did I get to understand her life more fully, but I was also able to gain perspective into my own life. There was no false consciousness in our situation; my mother and I are both able to understand that there are underlying social reasons behind her struggles, and therefore the struggles of our family (Lemert 2012:20). Additionally, through this analysis I was able to further understand the reasoning behind my mother’s “Presentation of Self” (Goffman 1959). This is the idea that individuals act in certain ways depending on the assumptions made about those they are surrounded by (Goffman 1959). For example, by analyzing my mother’s story, I am able understand further the way she carries herself around my grandmother, or around important bank workers, that I couldn’t comprehend when I was a young child. Through this sociological analysis, I was able to dive deep into my family’s generational differences, the habitus which shaped my mother and myself, and how my mother’s agency led to opportunities in my life. Being able to find the relation of my mother’s experiences to larger societal conflicts and sociological concepts has provided my with clarity into not only her life, but mine as well.

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