Human Resource Management Functions Analysis Free Sample

Human resources are the most basic and irreplaceable resource in any activity, including business. Without reliable employees, developing any endeavor, delegating tasks, or expanding the scope of action is impossible. Accordingly, the company’s strategic plans must be aligned with the company’s human resources policy. Without an appropriate, renewable, and adequate recruitment of employees, there is no possibility of developing the company. Moreover, if the quality of employees is low or insufficient, the company’s success is reduced.

From the strategic point of view, each employee is a tool or a cog in the big machine of the company. Each of them must be in the proper place and function accordingly PSO to achieve the set goals. Suppose the HR department understands and compares it to the company’s business strategy. In that case, it is a prerequisite for the company’s financial success and local professionals’ career growth. An example of such a situation would be a company where recruiters are tasked with selecting employees with profound experience – despite a smaller influx of employees, HR professionals can impact the pride and expectations of experienced job seekers (Suharti & Sugiarto, 2020). With the right approach, the company will replenish itself with the right people and show growth.

HRM Functions and Practices: Global Conditions

Despite the outdated article, Maersk faces a similar staffing problem today. After the 2008 crisis and recovery, Groysberg and Abbott (2013) wrote an earlier article. Today, however, after the Covid-19 pandemic and other world problems, there is humanity’s approach to another global crisis. Accordingly, many of the problems of the industry and including Maersk, will clearly be felt, likewise by their human resources.

Nevertheless, such a large company is experiencing constant problems with the lack of personnel qualifications. Their main problems are problems with employee development, inadequate retention levels, attempts at rehiring, and building an inclusive culture. The company has achieved decent results and failures in all of these respects (Groysberg & Abbot, 2013). Often human resource managers’ energies are spent retaining underperforming employees, training poorly prepared candidates, or dealing with disgruntled rehired workers.

Given the size of the company, Maersk has some difficulty hiring employees. Different cultures in workers’ countries of origin and lack of experience are significant delays in development (Groysberg & Abbot, 2013). However, with a confident and multifunctional approach, the company has significant prospects, and once the global crisis is overcome, many employees will work for the company with maximum efficiency.

Staffing: Recruit

Maersk has never turned down a job for an inexperienced employee throughout most of its existence. Today, this is somewhat of a trademark of the company and inspires hope in many young professionals who are afraid of not finding a job without experience (Shin et al., 2020). Although the hiring process for the company and the interview include many cognitive and psychological tests, the presence of experience itself is not mandatory (Groysberg & Abbot, 2013). A personal profile is created for each potential employee, available only to human resources staff or supervisors. It includes the characteristics of all the specialists interviewed during the hiring process and feedback about the employee during the work process.

A company can hire someone with the necessary qualities but no experience. Training is done using the company’s internal capabilities; in essence, such a specialist is a narrowly focused professional prepared by the company for itself. In addition, there are incentive and retention programs for employees of interest and programs for returning former employees. Given certain levels of competition due to the company’s specific nature, some former employees may re-enter the job marke if it is beneficial for the company (Snell & Morris, 2018). Moreover, in this case, if Maersk has no claims against the employee, their human resources department tries to ensure that the company gets that employee back.

Staffing: Candidates

There are always two main pools of potential employees for a vacant position. The first can be identified as internal employees or candidates for the required position from other parts of the company, considering their eligibility (SHRM, n.d.). In this case, the advantage of knowing the employees about the company’s internal processes is clearly visible (Shin et al., 2020). With internal competition, the selection is made from people with the necessary skills, but the entire process can have some disadvantages. Among these disadvantages can be listed the potential inability of a person to work in a new team with a different vector of goals, a lack of experience in the actual type of work, or a low final low performance of the employee. The latter is related to the specifics of the job – for example, a person who has an excellent performance in the logistics department may not show up well in the sales department.

The second pool, which includes external candidates, is always associated with ambiguity, although it can provide the best candidates for the job. The ambiguity could be the exact specifics of the job, incorrect recommendations, or the person’s eventual inadequacy for the position (Cheng & Hackett, 2021; Shin et al., 2020). Oddly enough, communication skills and the ability to blend in are likewise significant indicators of an outside candidate’s performance.

Each candidate’s detailed and thoughtful evaluation is recommended to maximize recruitment effectiveness. In the case of internal, the candidate’s peer and supervisor feedback should be thoroughly worked through, and in the case of external, previous jobs should be comprehensively worked through to get feedback on the employee. Only the most adequate and unbiased evaluation can help find the right person for the position (Suharti & Sugiarto, 2020). Maximum compliance with all requirements and standards and completion of the tasks set by the candidate in the new place will be an indication of the successful performance of their job by the specialists of the human resources department.


Groysberg, B. & Abbot, S. (2013). Møller – Maersk Group: Evaluating strategic talent management initiatives. Harvard Bus Case, 2012, 412-147. Web.

Cheng, M. M., & Hackett, R. D. (2021). A critical review of algorithms in HRM: Definition, theory, and practice. Human Resource Management Review, 31(1), 100698. Web.

Shin, D., Garmendia, A., Ali, M., Konrad, A. M., & Madinabeitia-Olabarria, D. (2020). HRM systems and employee affective commitment: the role of employee gender. Gender in Management An International Journal, 35(2), 189–210. Web.

SHRM – the voice of all things work. (n.d.). SHRM. Web.

Snell, S., & Morris, S. (2018). Managing human resources. Cengage Learning.

Suharti, L., & Sugiarto, A. (2020). A qualitative study of green HRM practices and their benefits in the organization: An Indonesian company experience. Verslas: Teorija Ir Praktika, 21(1), 200–211. Web.

Role Of Gospel Essentials In Shaping Christians’ Beliefs


Benchmark—Gospel Essentials is a term used in Christianity to describe the core beliefs of the faith. These include the belief in one God, the need for salvation, and the importance of Jesus Christ. Gospel Essentials are often used as a benchmark against other beliefs. For example, when evaluating new teaching, Christians may ask whether it aligns with the Gospel Essentials. This process helps ensure that only those beliefs essential to the faith are promoted and embraced. In addition, Gospel Essentials also outlines some critical practices that Christians should engage in, such as prayer, worship, and service. Additionally, these guidelines can serve as a valuable tool for evangelism, as they provide a clear and concise overview of the Christian faith. While the Gospel Essentials play an important role in shaping Christians’ beliefs, this discussion will focus on the essential gospel beliefs and Christian foundation and on analyzing the implications of the Christians worldwide.

Gospel Essential Beliefs

Nature of God

The Trinity is essential to the Christian faith, representing the perfect unity between three distinct persons in one God. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are all equal and unified in purpose, yet they have unique roles to play. The Father is the source of all things and creation; Jesus Christ is the embodiment of love and redemption for humanity, while the Holy Spirit is a principle of sanctification and new life (Wood, 2022). This divine Trinity works together with society through their perfect balance to bring about salvation.

Moreover, when Christians talk about the nature of God, they are referring to the attributes that make up His being. These include His transcendence, His quality of being beyond all else, and His immanence, which is His quality of being present in all things. God’s perfect balance between love, mercy, holiness, and righteousness creates His purity (Wood, 2022). As the creator of all things, ex nihilo (“out of nothing”), God has the wisdom seen in His creative design. He is an intelligent Being who has gifted us with a wonderfully crafted universe for which we can be thankful (Wood, 2022). Furthermore, since God is infinite and cannot be fully comprehended by humans, much about Him remains mysterious and unknowable. This understanding of God’s greatness encourages us to have faith in His power, love, mercy, and justice throughout our lives.

Nature of Humanity

Human beings are complex creatures consisting of body, soul, and spirit. According to Genesis 1:26, people are made in the image of God, and as such, believers have inherent value and dignity. The Bible states that people are made in the image of God (King James Version Bible, 1976/2010). This means that they have been designed to reflect some of God’s qualities and characteristics. They have been given the ability to love, reason, and create. However, due to the fall of man, people’s purpose has become distorted. They are now fallen image-bearers, unable to redeem or save themselves. Throughout history, people have tried to explain the human condition and find meaning in life, but only Christianity provides a comprehensive and satisfying answer. People were created to glorify God but have fallen short of that purpose. Only through Christ can individuals be redeemed and restored to their original purpose.

The root cause of the human problem is sin since it separates people from God. It makes human flourishing difficult because it disconnects humans from personal relationships with God. When humans are disconnected from God, they are cut off from the source of love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control (Townes, 2021). As a result, humans experience more negative emotions and are more likely to engage in self-destructive behaviors.

Nature of Jesus

Christians tend to believe that Jesus is both fully human and fully divine. He is the Son of God, and he came to Earth as an incarnation of God. As such, he is the fulfillment of the Old Testament Messiah. Jesus defeated sin and death in his earthly life, destroying Satan’s power and evil. This was all part of his kingdom’s purpose. John 1:1-5 says, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (King James Version Bible, 1976/2010). It shows that Jesus is divine and human and came to Earth to fulfill a specific purpose. He is the light of all mankind; people can have eternal life through him.

For Christians, the message of Jesus is a source of great hope and assurance. They believe that, through faith in Him, they can have eternal life and be saved from eternal condemnation. They are called to live out their faith by proclaiming the good news of salvation to all nations. This is not an optional task – it is a central part of being a follower of Christ and living according to His teachings (Townes, 2021). Believers need to understand the significance of this mission and its implications for their own lives and those around them. By accepting Jesus as Lord and Savior, believers can experience true freedom from sin, guilt, shame, and death – a hope that no other religion or philosophy can offer.


God’s restoration of humanity is based on a definitive answer to the problem of sin. Jesus Christ came down in human form and enabled individuals to be redeemed and restored through Him. People themselves cannot do this reclamation process; it is something that Jesus provides out of His love and grace (Wood, 2022). Grace is defined as an act of unmerited mercy and unconditional affection from God. It has nothing to do with one’s accomplishments or merit but is rooted in God’s love for His people. Faith is also critical in this reestablishment, expressed as trust and absolute dependency upon God. To be restored entirely, repentance must take place – an action that signifies turning away from sin and towards righteousness.

Additionally, the Holy Spirit plays an essential role in God’s restoration and continuing work. Christians are called to repent and turn from their sins, and the Holy Spirit helps them to do that. He convicts them of their sins and points them to Jesus, the only way to be forgiven and have eternal life (Wood, 2022). The Holy Spirit also helps Christians to live a grace-filled life. He gives believers the strength to forgive others, even when they do not deserve it. He also allows them to love others, even when challenged to love. Without the Holy Spirit, it would be impossible for Christians to live the kind of life God intends.

Christian Foundations

The Christian metanarrative provides a framework for understanding the world and people’s place and offers hope for the future. An excellent place to use the Christian metanarrative of Creation, Fall, Redemption, and Restoration is in discussions about the meaning of life. The story of creation tells how people are designed for good and that they have a special relationship with their creator (Abbott & Anaya, 2022). The story of the fall reminds people that they are fallen creatures capable of great evil. But the story of redemption tells people that even in their fallen state, they are loved by God, and he is willing to save them (Abbott & Anaya, 2022). Finally, the restoration story reminds believers there is hope for the future; even though this world is broken, it will be made new one day.

When Christianity is compared with other beliefs, such as atheism, they are two very different belief systems. Christianity and atheism are two of the most widely-held worldviews. At first glance, they may seem opposites, with Christianity affirming the existence of a personal God and atheism denying it (Abbott & Anaya, 2022). However, there are also some significant similarities between the two worldviews. Christianity and atheism are based on faith – Christians believe in the existence of God based on faith, while atheists believe that there is no God based on their understanding of the evidence (Abbott & Anaya, 2022). Both worldviews also have an impact on how people live their lives. Ultimately, Christians seek to follow Jesus Christ as their savior, while atheists may live according to their values.

Analysis of the Implications of the Christian Worldview

Christian’s implication of the worldview is based on the teachings of the Bible. Christians believe that one true God has revealed himself to humanity through his Son, Jesus Christ. This revelation provides a way for humans to know God and to have a personal relationship with him. The Christian perception also teaches that humans are created in God’s image and have inherent value and worth (Lewis Hall & Hill, 2019). The view provides a way for people to understand personal and world events in light of the hope of the Gospel. It gives people a great impetus to serve others in need. However, there are also some troublesome aspects to this worldview. For example, some people find the Bible difficult to understand.

Christianity has long been rooted in the idea of service. Christ himself spoke about the importance of loving one’s neighbor, and from this, Christians have responded by engaging in acts of charity and service. These can range from providing meals to hungry people to caring for the sick and elderly. Christianity also commits to outreach, often including missionary work (Lewis Hall & Hill, 2019). This allows not only for evangelism but also is a means for providing support and aid to communities in need. As such, Christianity’s contribution to helping those in need is undeniable.


In conclusion, Gospel Essentials is a term used in Christianity to describe the core beliefs of the faith. These include the belief in one God, the need for salvation, and the importance of Jesus Christ. Gospel Essentials are often used as a benchmark against other beliefs. For example, when evaluating new teaching, Christians may ask whether it aligns with the Gospel Essentials. This process helps ensure that only those beliefs essential to the faith are promoted and embraced. In addition, Gospel Essentials also outlines some essential practices that Christians should engage in, such as prayer, worship, and service. By reading and studying Gospel Essentials, Christians can ensure they live their faith according to God’s will. They can also be able to share the love of God with those that require it. Additionally, this book can serve as a valuable tool for witnessing to others about the Christian faith, thus helping them conform to the belief.


Abbott, D. M., & Anaya, E. J. (2022). “Breaking free”: A grounded theory study of atheist women in the united states. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 46(4), 501–517.

Dickinson, T. M. (2019). God knows: Acquaintance and the nature of divine knowledge. Religious Studies, 55(1), 1–16.

King James Bible. (2010). Oxford University Press. (Original work published 1769)

Lewis Hall, M. E., & Hill, P. (2019). Meaning-making, suffering, and religion: A worldview conception. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 22(5), 467-479.

Townes, S. (2021). A theology of gratitude for rising generations. Anglican Theological Review, 103(3), 347–359.

Wood, A. (2022). Surrounded by the love of God: Howard Thurman on nature, religious experience, and community. The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society, 12(1), 225–236.

Angelou’s “When I Lay My Burden Down” And Oates’ “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?”


Joyce Carol Oates and Maya Angelou are two American writers whose works are translated into different languages and known all around the globe. There are different themes addressed in these authors’ works, and female perspectives within the framework of modern reality are one of the major topics. Two stories, Angelou’s “When I Lay My Burden Down” and Oates’ “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” will be analyzed in this paper concerning their main female characters, Maya and Connie. These characters arguably have similar characteristics, such as age, traumatic experiences, and strained relationships with parents; however, there are differences between them as well, including their self-esteem and attitude towards adults and family values.


Maya Angelou’s short story “When I Lay My Burden Down” was published as part of her autobiography “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” in 1969. The story is set in Stamps, Arkansas, during a time of severe discrimination and segregation in the South. Angelou tells about her experiences as a young girl whose family has to struggle with disrespect and humiliation. The story is mainly focused on one situation in which a group of young white girls comes to the store where the storyteller’s family works and starts taunting the main character’s grandmother. Seeing that and being unable to interfere, Maya gets extremely upset and angry at the girls. At the same time, she does not understand why her grandmother chooses not to respond to the white girls’ humiliating comments and actions, and this fact frustrates her even more. In the end, however, when she sees her grandmother address the girls respectfully and smile as they leave, she feels relieved, and the girls’ disrespectful behaviors do not seem to bother her as they used to anymore.

“Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” is a short story written by Joyce Carol Oates and first published in 1966. The main character in this work is a 15-year-old Connie, who lives with her parents and an older sister, June. Connie is described as a self-absorbed girl obsessed with her appearance and in constant need of validation. The main focus of the story is on the incident that involves one of the boys Connie had met coming to her house and asking her to go for a ride with him and his friend. As their dialogue progresses, Connie becomes increasingly worried and scared of the boy, who, as she later realizes, “was not a kid” (Oates 4). By the end of the story, he seems to have convinced her to go with him, threatening that her whole family will suffer the consequences if she does not do it.

Several aspects can be defined as similarities between the female characters from these two stories. First, both characters can be considered children at the time of the story’s action, and they both demonstrate a strained relationship with their parents or grandparents. Connie constantly feels her mother’s disapproval, which often makes her miserable. Maya Angelou’s character also appears to have a distant relationship with the older members of her family, as there is not much affection described in the story. Additionally, both female characters experience extreme stress in the course of the plot. While for Connie it is her interaction with Arnold Friend, Angelou’s character has to see white girls taunt her grandmother, whom she respects and admires. Finally, both characters are significantly affected by these traumatic events; while Connie’s fate is ambiguous at the end of the story, it seems that she surrendered to Arnold Friend. Angelou’s character was also affected by her grandmother’s behavior, even though she could not “completely understand” what had happened (Angelou 4). Her grandmother’s calmness and kindness seemed to transform the storyteller.

Many differences can be identified between the female characters from the two stories. First, the girls’ attitudes toward adults and older people are completely different. While Angelou’s character shows deep respect and admiration for her grandmother and other older members of her family, Connie often thinks of her mother as “simple”, sometimes even “wishing her mother was dead” (Oates 1). The second difference is the way the girls view themselves: while Connie highly values the fact that she is “pretty”, Angelou’s character does not even seem to mention anything regarding her appearance (Oates 1). Finally, there is a significant difference in the girls’ attitudes toward family values. While Maya lives according to her family’s traditional beliefs, Connie does not appreciate them as much. For example, she prefers not to go to the barbecue at an aunt’s house, apparently thinking that it is an uninteresting event.


It can be concluded that the female characters from the two stories analyzed in this paper have certain similarities and differences. For example, they both demonstrate tense relationships with their parents or grandparents, and they both have to cope with a traumatic experience. In addition, they are both affected and somehow transformed by these events. However, they have different attitudes towards older family members and family values in general.

Works Cited

Angelou, Maya. I Know why the Caged Bird Sings. Bantam, 1993.

Oates, Joyce C. Where are You Going, where Have You Been?: Selected Early Stories. 1993.

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