Humanities provide a comprehensive understanding of art, linguistics, philosophy, and history, among other things. Nonetheless, depending on the circumstances in which the term “humanities” is employed or applied, the interpretation may vary. However, the report will concentrate on humanity as a study discipline and how it impacts culture in this section. On the other hand, humanities comprise a unique approach to studying human civilization. Humanities entail a thorough examination of individuals’ cultural and linguistic aspects in society. The humanities as a science include both human shortcomings and methods for improving them. The analysis of humanities as a discipline has several advantages for humanity.
Ideals, beliefs, art, regulations, and technology all fall within the cultural umbrella of the humanities. Furthermore, humanities study human conduct in society and the factors that influence such behavior. However, the key question has always been why people study humanity as a discipline. On the contrary, it is more important to have a thorough understanding of the subject topics in the humanities as a field before answering such a query.
Literature, philosophy, jurisprudence, geography, politics, culture, civilization, art, and anthropology are all study areas in the humanities. Almost every major higher education institution in the world offers humanities studies. Individuals can conduct critical analyses of persons and beliefs in society via the study of humanities. In addition, humanities support design thinking, allowing individuals to convey fresh concepts in a positive very openly. In a similar vein, the reasons for studying humankind are numerous and varied.
To put it another way, the humanities assist us in comprehending others’ languages, histories, and civilizations. They promote social equality and fairness. They also show people’s attempts to make moral, spiritual, and philosophical meaning of the world. Empathy is taught in the humanities. They educate us to think critically and rationally about subjective, complicated, and incomplete data. They also educate us to be suspicious of evidence and think about both sides of any argument. Students in the humanities develop writing and critical reading abilities. The humanities inspire us to think in new ways. They educate us to think critically about being human and inquire about our surroundings. The humanities help citizens become more educated and critical. Democracy cannot thrive without the humanities (Holm, P., Jarrick, A., & Scott, D. 2015).
Humanities are an important part of the fight for social justice and societal fairness. Furthermore, humanities encourage people to become better-educated citizens interested in what is going on in their daily lives. Humanities have a long history of promoting harmony among people of various backgrounds by studying their culture and languages. The study of the humanities requires empathy and critical thinking (Dumitru, 2019). Therefore, studying the humanities is advantageous and necessary for humanity’s survival. Humanities help people understand one another, resulting in peace and harmony.
Humanities have a critical role in forming an opinion and thinking when comprehending current issues that influence the world, such as geopolitics and globalization. Individuals have built large commercial empires using a diversified approach using talents learned in the humanities. Humanity has developed its knowledge of the present by studying the past and is better prepared for future adversity and eventualities due to this research. Humanities also molded the critical thinking needed for success in various areas, including life (Aldama, 2009).
Humanities delve deeper into human beliefs and culture; hence, the cultural component is linked to humanities. Compared to any other field, the humanities have a greater impact on culture. Art, a humanities component, affects a person’s culture by establishing new values and influencing their ideas. Art is a sub-branch of the humanities as a study that examines the world as a society through collecting memories such as photographs, music, literature, and other forms of expression. Art is seen as a key cultural impact since it seeks to explain why individuals perform things like music or dance differently from other groups of people (Cunningham et al., 2014). Nonetheless, art has demonstrated how the humanities have been impacted by music, language, and other factors.
Furthermore, art serves as a uniting platform for individuals from many backgrounds to highlight their music, artifacts, dance, and other aspects of their way of life. For example, a song or dance can encourage or influence individuals to better understand one another in society. In this aspect, art is viewed as a unique kind of communication since it allows individuals to participate (Vinegar & Boetzkes, 2014). Art, poetry, writing, and various other kinds of art all contribute to the development of critical thinking.
In conclusion, the humanities as a field of study have a broad impact on culture, beginning with philosophical thought. To promote the creation of a more accommodating society, humanities students are encouraged to conduct in-depth analyses of the world and the environment in which they live. However, in the nonprofessional’s view, humanity is a broader phrase than humanness. Politics emerged as a branch of the humanities because humanities may be used to persuade humanity to respond in a specific way. A student interested in humanities, on the other hand, must pick a sub-branch to study to gain a comprehensive grasp. Individuals, society, and humankind’s general conduct in societal contexts in all of its settings are the subject of the humanities.
Aldama, F. L. (2009). Why the humanities matter: A commonsense approach. University of Texas Press.
Cunningham, L. S., Reich, J. J., & Fichner-Rathus, L. (2014). Culture and values: A survey of the western humanities. Cengage Learning.
Dumitru, D. (2019). Creating meaning. The importance of Arts, Humanities and Culture for critical thinking development. Studies in Higher Education, 44(5), 870-879.
Holm, P., Jarrick, A., & Scott, D. (2015). The value of the Humanities. In Humanities world report 2015 (pp. 12-41). Palgrave Macmillan, London.
Vinegar, A., & Boetzkes, A. (Eds.). (2014). Heidegger and the Work of Art History. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Identifying Vulnerable Populations In The Own Community Free Sample
In every community, vulnerability emanates from poor or lack of access to resources or services occasioned by individual or group characteristics. Social factors determine or exacerbate vulnerability for individuals or groups by exposing them to more significant risk factors, hindering access to care, and culminating in higher morbidity and mortality rates compared to the larger population. Accordingly, identifying vulnerable people in the community and their protection when crises or hazards unfold is critical to disaster management because individuals and groups have different levels of exposure and resilience. In this respect, vulnerability denotes the circumstances and characteristics of an individual or group within a community or system that render them susceptible to the debilitating effects of a hazard. The most effective way of identifying vulnerable populations is to use the intersectionality model that examines diverse social variables such as age, sex, disability, ethnicity, immigration status, and social class because their mental, physical, and emotional conditions are not homogenous.
Disaster management should be conducted comprehensively and systematically by designing appropriate plans and policies tailored to meet the immediate needs of the communities they serve. According to Morrow (1999), disaster vulnerability is a social construct that emerges from the economic and social circumstances that define people’s lived experiences. As a result, there is a need to identify populations most at risk through vulnerability mapping, which entails plotting exposure to risk, sensitivity, and the capacity to cope with risks. Mapping is vital because it provides insights into the possible needs a community might require when faced with emergencies. For instance, vulnerability mapping informs the educational activities to be conducted, the most suitable intervention programs, the design of effective evacuation plans, the distribution of humanitarian aid, and related response services to mitigate an emergency.
Identifying vulnerable populations should consider the broader context in which a disaster happens and the circumstances under which the affected people live. Tierney (2006) observes disasters emerge from three juxtaposed factors: the agent of the disaster, the physical setting, and the population vulnerability. The disaster agent could be an earthquake, hurricane, tornado, or some human-induced activity, while the physical location includes all attributes of the built environment, such as the structures and environmental features. Correspondingly, population vulnerability is a highly complex construct that provides for several factors, including the closeness to the disaster impacts, availability of resources, the ethnic and racial composition of the affected communities, gender and age, the level of education or knowledge regarding the recommended response measures, availability of social support networks, and the measures government agencies are likely to take in response to the disaster. When preparing for emergencies, there is a need to consider the intersectionality of the above factors to ensure that the response plan is comprehensive and practical and guides the response and recovery efforts effectively.
After identifying vulnerable populations in the community, the emergency manager should identify specific organizations and agencies to ensure that the community’s needs are met before, during, and after the event. According to King and MacGregor (2000), knowing the level of a community’s vulnerability should start with an evaluation of the expectation of its needs by addressing various things, such as community relationships, insurance, the level of awareness, preparation for disasters, training, housing, recovery, and applicable planning laws. When armed with this information, organizations and agencies involved in disaster management should be well-positioned to respond effectively before, during, and after catastrophic events. Before a disaster, the community should be involved in the preparation, where the emergency manager should work with other stakeholders and government agencies to educate people about disasters and effective response measures. Public awareness of disasters is critical because it simplifies rescue efforts and eliminates the confusion often evident in emergencies (Kuran et al., 2020). Furthermore, the local disaster management under the local Emergency Operations Center should be involved in creating an Emergency Operations Plan that clearly outlines response measures. Including all stakeholders during a disaster is essential to ensure adequate response. For instance, the emergency manager could seek assistance from the State Office of Emergency Management to boost response efforts and minimize the loss. Other agencies involved in the response are medical teams, the Fire Department, and the Police Department, but all their efforts should be synchronized to ensure the unity of purpose.
After the disaster, it is advisable to include all stakeholders involved in the response and rescue mission to comprehensively analyze the operations, identifying areas of strengths and weaknesses that might serve as valuable lessons in preparing for future disasters. Notably, the pre-disaster and preparedness entail education, outreach, training, and emergency planning, while response entails response from immediate stakeholders guided under the command of the recovery center; however, the post-disaster phase focuses on recovery to ensure that people experience a semblance of normalcy they knew before the disaster struck (Vickery, 2018). Hence, including the local community and all stakeholders involved in the tragedy in one way or another is appropriate to assess the effectiveness of measures taken and learn from the experience.
Planning and communications processes are critical to emergency management because they determine the flow of information and facilitate coordination efforts. The information and communications systems should be flexible, reliable, efficient, and available to all stakeholders, which means the emergency manager should identify the agencies and organizations to include in the emergency plan. Accordingly, the organizations and agencies identified above will be included in the Emergency Operations Plan. Hence, the local Emergency Operations Center will have an internal communications process that outlines measures to be taken during disasters. Further, the plan will have external communications that facilitate communication among state, territory, or local emergency departments. However, it is vital to hold regular inter-agency meetings to ascertain that the emergency response will be effective when required.
In essence, an effective emergency management plan should begin with identifying vulnerable populations through mapping, identifying organizations and agencies to be involved in rescue efforts, and designing effective communication systems to facilitate coordination efforts. A holistic approach enhances resilience, reduces the impact’s magnitude, and ensures the community recovers quickly from the disaster impact.
King, D., & MacGregor, C. (2000). Using social indicators to measure community vulnerability to natural hazards. Australian journal of emergency management, 15(13); 52-57
Kuran, C. H. A. et al. (2020). Vulnerability and vulnerable groups from an intersectionality perspective. International journal of disaster risk reduction, 50 (101826); 1-8. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101826
Morrow, B. H. (1999). Identifying and mapping community vulnerability. Disasters, 23(1):1-18
Tierney, K. (2006).Foreshadowing Katrina: Recent sociological contributions to vulnerability science. Contemporary sociology 35(3):207-212; DOI:10.1177/009430610603500302
Vickery, J. (2018). Using an intersectional approach to advance understanding of homeless persons’ vulnerability to disaster. Environmental sociology, 4 (1),136-147, 10.1080/23251042.2017.1408549
Impact Of The United Nations On The Ethiopian Healthcare System Essay Sample For College
Ethiopia is one of the founding members of the United Nations. Ethiopia’s United Nations system is comprehensive and includes development and humanitarian assistance. Since the nation became a founding member of the United Nations, there has been long and beneficial cooperation in the fields of development, peace and security, and humanitarian relief (Bergen et al., 2019). The World Health Organization works closely with the Ethiopian government as part of the superior United Nations system. The signing of the Country Cooperation Strategy 2021–2025 confirmed this. Ethiopia’s healthcare system and infrastructure have continued to develop as a result.
WHO has called for a comprehensive approach involving dialogue and complementarities across programs, disciplines, and sectors to offer health care leadership and improve the health and well-being of every Ethiopian. All Ethiopians will benefit from the World Health Organization’s (WHO) capacity to tap into the collective intelligence of the whole world to give practical and unique solutions. The WHO continues collaborating with United Nations agencies and other international and bilateral development partners to ensure this happens (World Health Organization, 2021). The Sustainable Development Goals, the Ten-Year Perspective Development Plan, Health Sector Transformation Plan II, the United Nations Development Assistance Framework 2020–2025, and the Thirteenth General Programme of Work of the World Health Organization serve as the overarching frameworks for the collaborative effort. The World Health Organization is a learning organization, so it uses the “triple billion” goals in the General Programme of Work to measure how well it is doing in Ethiopia and change its methods to have the most significant impact.
There was a substantial rise in the training capacity required to move from physicians to non-physician clinicians, such as health officers and emergency surgical officers, in Ethiopia. There was insufficient space in schools to teach additional physicians and nurses. Using non-teaching hospitals as training sites has enabled the expansion of this capacity with the assistance of United Nations financing. This strategy was eventually adopted for the teaching of other cadres. Training a growing number of health officers has resulted in a remarkable increase in the health officer-to-population ratio. Ethiopia has just 1379 midwives as opposed to the target of having two in each of the 3516 health facilities by 2015 (Legesse Legesse et al., 2021). Utilizing UN funds, the government has launched an accelerated midwifery training program in 15 regional health science colleges, with a concentration on nurses as training candidates, to take advantage of the vast supply of nurses in the labor market. After the first three years of the midwifery program, 3,200 nurses were sent out into the field.
The United Nations provides Ethiopians with the resources necessary to live long, healthy lives with access to decent healthcare. Improved health system resilience protects health, mitigates the effects of crises, and reduces mortality and morbidity from infectious and non-communicable diseases and inadequate reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health and nutrition (World Health Organization, 2021). In addition, it guarantees that more individuals have access to universal health coverage through enhancing harmonization, coordination, and the mobilization of resources for health and development. The conventional three-tiered system of primary, secondary, and tertiary health care facilities continues to be the norm for delivering health care. More than 90 percent of the population now has access to primary health care due to the Health Extension Programme and other measures conducted throughout the years (Bergen et al., 2019). Changes and strategic initiatives have similarly strengthened the secondary and tertiary levels of care. Numerous programs have been established to assist individuals in affording necessary medical treatment. Through a program called “exemptions,” high-impact interventions are given for free. The government pays for more than 80% of the costs of running public health facilities. The Community-Based Health Insurance scheme is in place, and all health care costs for the poor are covered by not charging user fees or insurance scheme premiums.
This study proves that the United Nations has substantially improved the medical system of Ethiopia. By raising funds for the government of Ethiopia, for instance, the UN has helped the nation increase the number of health officers via the many available training programs. Consequently, the country can reduce its scarcity of healthcare professionals, resulting in general healthcare enhancements. Therefore, Ethiopia’s desire to help the United Nations has increased, and the nation is always eager to support the UN in whatever form it may take.
World Health Organization. (2021). Country cooperation strategy for WHO and Oman: 2021-2025.
Bergen, N., Ruckert, A., Kulkarni, M. A., Abebe, L., Morankar, S., & Labonté, R. (2019). Subnational health management and health equity advancement: Ethiopia’s case study. Global health research and policy, 4(1), 1-13.
Legesse, H., Seyoum, H., Abdo, A., Ameha, A., Abdulber, S., Sylla, M., & Tekle, E. (2019). Supply chain management for community-based newborn care in Rural Ethiopia: challenges, strategies implemented and recommendations. Ethiopian Medical Journal, (3).