“I Am Malala” By Malala Yousafzai: Review Essay Example For College

I am Malala, or also known by its full title as “I Am Malala: The Story of the Girl Who Stood Up for Education and was Shot by the Taliban”, is an autobiographical book by Malala Yousafzai. It has won at both Specsavers National Book Awards, and the 2013 Goodreads Choice Awards, being named as a popular non-fiction book and the best memoir. The author is a Pakistani woman, widely known for her activism efforts in support of female education and other progressive subjects. Since her teenage years, Malala was involved with activism, writing about her life under the Taliban to a blog anonymously. During her life, she has tirelessly tried to further causes that support women of Pakistan and has been recognized as a prominent figure in her area of influence. The book, being an autobiography, details many of the woman’s thoughts, her life, her struggles, and events that were happening to her. The first part of the narrative primarily concerns her childhood and contextualizes her desire to be a public figure that voices active support for a particular cause (Yousafzai et al., 2015).

The second part goes into more detail on the rise of the Pakistani Taliban, and the problems that came with it (Yousafzai et al., 2015). Much of the rest of the book further describes Malala’s life in Pakistan, her activism efforts, and the opposition she had to face throughout. I have decided to read this book because I have previously heard about the story of Malala, and wanted to see for myself the kind of work she has accomplished. I was really captivated by the story, and especially reading about the assassination attempt on her life was gut-wrenching. The experience probably was terribly traumatic and scary, it is difficult to imagine how the author managed to continue with her work facing that kind of violence against her. If I could, I would personally ask her how she could keep going after that event. I would have probably never been able to display such courage and perseverance as Malala, and I must commend her immensely for that. I think this work expertly shows the lengths to which people can go to fight for the right cause, and reading it would be an enlightening experience that I will absolutely recommend.

References

Yousafzai, M., Lamb, C., & Sudevī Thâc. (2015). I am Malala. Mindbooks.

The Origins Of Crown Birds In Late Cretaceous Neornithine

Cretaceous period was the longest segment of Mesozoic era that lasted for almost 80 million years. Cretaceous period is the last section of the Mesozoic era. The first angiosperm and pollinating insects were noticed during this era, and the emerging of angiosperms and pollinating insects is intimately linked (Field et al. 2020). Angiosperm emerged at cretaceous period last stages about 144-65 million years ago. During Cretaceous period, angiosperm established flowers and fruits in order to attract insect pollinators and secure their seeds respectively (Xing et al. 2020). Flowers developed with many different colors, scents, and sizes, mainly to attract insect pollinators. The moment an egg is fertilized, it grows into a seed, which is always covered by a fleshy fruit. Angiosperms as well as a wide range of new groups of insects emerged during this period. Some of the insects involved pollinating insects that played a role in evolution of angiosperms, and in most cases, flowers and their pollinators co-emerged (Xing et al. 2020). Angiosperms did not emerge from gymnosperms, however emerged in parallel with gymnosperms. In contrast, it is not clear what type of plant angiosperms raised from.

Several ways are used to acquire a normal color coding systems for determining flower colors, as well as to determine flower colors are worth being encoded. The optimal color vision of bee is made up of blue, UV, and green receptors whose perception positions are normal for determining flower colors (Krause et al. 2020). Flowers did not lead to evolution of bee color vision. This is because the green, blue receptors, and UV were still present in insects’ ancestors 580 million years ago and evolution of a flower took place 144 million years ago. Flowers colors adapted to bee color vision and angiosperms evolved to attract bees around 98.7 million to 64.3 million years ago (Poinar, Jr. and Chambers 2020). Angiosperm and pollinators co-evolved some physical appearance that make them interact successfully.

Reference List

Field, D., Benito, J., Chen, A., Jagt, J. and Ksepka, D 2020. ‘Late Cretaceous neornithine from Europe illuminates the origins of crown birds,’ Nature, vol. 579, no. 7799, pp.397-401.

Krause, D., Hoffmann, S., Hu, Y., Wible, J., Rougier, G., Kirk, E., Groenke, J., Rogers, R., Rossie, J., Schultz, J., Evans, A., von Koenigswald, W. and Rahantarisoa, L 2020. ‘Skeleton of a Cretaceous mammal from Madagascar reflects long-term insularity,’ Nature, vol. 581, no. 7809, pp.421-427.

Poinar, Jr., G. and Chambers, K 2020. ‘Cyathitepala papillosa gen. et sp. nov., a mid-Cretaceous fossil flower from Myanmar amber with valvate anthers,’ Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, vol. 14, no. 2, pp.351-358.

Xing, L., O’Connor, J., Schmitz, L., Chiappe, L., McKellar, R., Yi, Q. and Li, G 2020. ‘Hummingbird-sized dinosaur from the Cretaceous period of Myanmar,’ Nature, vol. 579, no. 7798, pp.245-249.

Dissemination Of Evidence-Based Change Proposal

The dissemination of research-based evidence plays a vital role in the promotion of population health as it relies on objectivity rather than subjectivity. Various strategies for communicating evidence have been developed to ensure that the intended message reaches the targeted population. Such approaches include but are not limited to narratives, and tailored and targeted communication (Brownson, Colditz, & Proctor, 2018). When disseminating my evidence-based change recommendation, I would utilize internal and external techniques. For the internal method, I would use thought/opinion leaders. On the flip side, my external method of dissemination would be through the use of a webinar.

My preferred dissemination methods would be important in two major ways. First, by reporting my change proposal to opinion leaders, there is a high likelihood that my recommendation will be endorsed, or I get valuable advice on implementation strategies. Typically, opinion leaders include such people as the CEO or recognized experts like the Surgeon General of America (Brownson et., 2018). Subsequently, sharing the change suggestion through a webinar would help me reach external users such as the general public and patients, which would be instrumental in informing about a new evidence-based intervention (Zając & Bała, 2019). In addition, the information will help the external audience make informed health-related choices, leading to an improvement in clinical outcomes.

Given that my target audiences differ significantly in terms of their clinical knowledge, I would use different communication strategies. For instance, when disseminating the change proposal to opinion leaders, I would be persuasive to stir interest and motivate the implementation of the evidence. On the other hand, I would use informative language when communicating with the general public and patients to ensure the expansion of evidence distribution and the reach of information.

References

Brownson, R. C., Colditz, G. A., & Proctor, E. K. (2018). Dissemination and implementation research in health: Translating science to practice. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

Zając, J. F., & Bała, M. M. (2019). Public media as a tool for dissemination of evidence-based information. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 17, S32–S33. Web.

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