Impact Of Eating Breakfast On School Performance Free Essay

The principles of healthy eating are the aspects discussed not only in the narrow professional environment of nutritionists but also among ordinary people since this topic affects everyone. Particular attention is paid to the nuances of child nutrition because the problems of obesity and related chronic problems at an early age are becoming more acute. Breakfast is a critical meal, and for schoolchildren, its importance is due to a number of factors that confirm a direct correlation between morning meals and school performance. Laguipo (2019) cites statistics and notes that children who rarely eat in the morning show lower academic productivity than those who eat breakfast regularly. Education coordinators are aware of this and are doing their best to create appropriate conditions for the proper nutrition of schoolchildren by offering school breakfasts and alerting parents to the importance of the first meal. National health programs are aimed at developing punctuality and responsibility in schoolchildren, and encouraging breakfast intake is a valuable initiative to educate the necessary qualities.

As a strategy to test the hypothesis of a positive effect of breakfast on school performance, one can conduct an experiment similar to that of Laguipo (2019). It is assumed that eating in the morning helps children be more focused, and through engaging two control groups, a productivity assessment will be made. The prediction is that children who eat in the morning will be more active, and as the variables to evaluate, the intermediate academic performance outcomes will be compared between the two groups. The results will help identify a positive correlation between breakfast intake and academic productivity, and relevant recommendations will be given to children and their parents.

Reference

Laguipo, A. B. B. (2019). Skipping breakfast affects academic performance. News-Medical. Web.

Economic Issues Confronting Healthcare System

The current healthcare system is plagued by economic challenges highlighted by increased spending. The economic challenges facing healthcare include a lack of price transparency, and adequate payment model, and monopoly power imposing substantial price hikes on medical products and services. As patients assume more significant financial responsibility for their healthcare needs, they are less aware of medical procedures, drugs, and services (Gusmano et al., 2019). Lack of price transparency threatens public trust and increases healthcare spending. For instance, patients are likely to negotiate high medical fees when less informed on the options available and pricing. Access to information on the prices of various care received by patients is the most effective way of mitigating the risk of price transparency.

The lack of an established payment model and the use of traditional reimbursement models is a challenge in the healthcare system. The standard payment models include fee-for-service (FFS), episode-based payment (EBP), outcome-based payment models (OBPMs), prospective payment models, and population-based payment (PBP). The payment model influences the cost of care, accountability in care, and quality of medical services and outcomes. Additionally, payment models affect physicians’ practice, such as practice patterns, wait times, and the quality of services provided. The prospective payment model is an example of effective reimbursement that improves care quality and increases accountability (Finkelstein et al., 2018). Health care amount is predetermined and fixed to create a code-based reimbursement that incentivizes coding and billing.

The US healthcare system is dominated by monopolies that determine pricing and quality of care. Low competition in the healthcare sector conditions price-fixing, cost-push inflation, poor-quality products, and lack of incentive to invent. Whenever patients receive poor quality care or are overcharged, they cannot substitute the goods and services with better alternatives. Commercial health plans have low bargaining power while dealing with monopolistic providers. For instance, Becton Dickinson Co in the US is responsible for manufacturing over 60% of injection needles and syringes (Parys, 2018). The US can mitigate the risk of monopoly in healthcare by controlling pricing and regulating mergers in healthcare.

References

Finkelstein, A., Ji, Y., Mahoney, N., & Skinner, J. (2018). Mandatory Medicare bundled payment program for lower extremity joint replacement and discharge to institutional postacute care: interim analysis of the first year of a 5-year randomized trial. Jama, 320(9), 892-900.

Gusmano, M. K., Maschke, K. J., & Solomon, M. Z. (2019). Patient-centered care, yes; patients as consumers, no. Health Affairs, 38(3), 368-373.

Parys, J. V. (2018). ACA marketplace premiums grew more rapidly in areas with monopoly insurers than in areas with more competition. Health Affairs, 37(8), 1243-1251.

Inequality In American Society: Myths And Realities

Inequality in modern society is primarily the result of an economic model of capitalism, where each person’s differential input into the economic context is valued differentially. The explanation and reason are rooted in unequal access to knowledge, opportunities, support, skills, and resources. The conflict theory explains socioeconomic stratification the best, although the suggested course of action might have practical issues. The wealthy class will always strive toward multiplying their wealth, which is mainly acquired through the labor of the working class. The heavy reliance on labor to produce a good or service and the conditions of market competitiveness force and incentivizes worker exploitation rather than the promotion of equity.

The major myth of class structure in the US about social mobility and poverty is the ‘American Dream.’ In other words, one cannot simply work ‘hard enough’ to enter the upper class because there are limiters inherent to the system. A child born in a poor neighborhood will have poorer health and education, which translates to fewer opportunities to be properly employed. Poverty is a state of being with an insufficient amount of socially acceptable material possession and money. Poor people are the ones living in poverty without any financial means to change it. Due to inflation, the rising cost of living, and ever-increasing wealth inequality in the US, the demographics are changing for the worse. The main reason is that the minimum wage is not being increased, the rich are not being properly taxed, and the current poverty line might not be reflective of true statistics.

I feel that we are losing our middle-class structure, and it is important to the US to have a bulk of society as middle class. The latter stimulates the economy because they are the prime consumers, spenders, and transferors of wealth. On the global level, without social mobility and low poverty, the poor cannot enter the middle class. Global stratification impacts the US stratification, policies, and economy by luring corporations to cheap labor comparable to slavery, such as sweatshops, lowering the standard of pay for the working class.

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