Impact Of House Demolitions On Palestinian Children And Families University Essay Example

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 

Since Israel’s 1967 occupation of the West Bank, including Jerusa- lem and Gaza, it is estimated that Israeli civil and military authorities have destroyed 24,000 Palestinian homes in the occupied Palestinian territory (OPT). The rate of house demolitions has risen significantly since the second Intifada began in September 2000 and, as this study shows, house demolitions have become a major cause of forced displacement in the OPT. When a home is demolished, a family loses both the house as a financial asset and often the property inside it.

For the families surveyed in this study these losses respectively totalled an average of approximately $105,090 and $51,261 per family. 1 But the impact goes beyond loss of physical property and economic opportunity. This report is unique in the connection it makes be- tween the impact of house demoli- ions on children and their families, and the responsibility of duty bear- ers to protect and assist.

Using structured mental health questionnaires, semi-structured questionnaires of the family’s demolition experience and socio- economic conditions, and open interviews with families, this study depicts a portrait of Palestinian families who have experienced house demolitions. This depiction enables the humanitarian commu- nity to better advocate for an end to demolitions and, in the interim, put in place a comprehensive and coordinated response for families who are facing displacement due to demolition or other factors. They told us that we could return at five o’clock, but where were we supposed to go after they demolished our home?

It’s gone. ” The main findings of the study were: House demolitions cause dis- placement. Fifty-seven percent of 56 families surveyed never returned to their original resi- dences. Those who did return, on average, spent over a year displaced before returning. House demolitions are fol- lowed by long periods of instability for the family, with over half of the families who responded taking at least two years to find a permanent residence. At the time of interviewing, the average monthly income of amilies surveyed was NIS1,561 (USD 355) – well below both the absolute (deep) and rela- tive poverty lines.

Compared to children of similar demographics living in the same geographical locations, children who have had their home demolished fare significantly worse on a range of mental health indicators, including: withdrawal, somatic complaints, depression/anxiety, social diffi- culties, higher rates of delusion- al, obsessive, compulsive and psychotic thoughts, attention difficulties, delinquency, violent behaviour – even six months after the demolition.

Families also report deteriora- tion in children’s educational chievement and ability to study. A fundamental factor affecting the child’s mental health follow- ing demolition is the psycho- logical state of the parents, yet one-third of the parents were in danger of developing men- tal health disorders and some reported that the demolition precipitated a decline in their physical health also. The social support that par- ents receive and their ability to employ coping strategies for themselves and their children (usually determined by proxim- ity to the original home and the family’s cultivated network of resources) may mitigate some of the detrimental effects.

Maintaining the mother’s mental health is particularly crucial for children under 12. Based on its findings, the study recommends that all stakeholders-Israel, the Palestinian Authority, the international community and donor governments- act immediately to respond to house demolitions within the OPT by fulfilling their obligations to protect children and their families according to international humanitarian and international human rights law, in particular the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.

In particular, the report’s authors call on Israel, the ccupying power in the OPT, to halt the policy of house demolitions, which violates its responsibil- ity to protect the civilian population in accordance with the laws of armed conflict and human rights law. Alongside advocacy on prevention, the interna- tional community (including donor governments) should support a United Nations-led inter-agency response to alleviate the wide range of health, so- cial and economic problems resulting from house demolitions and the broader problem of forced displacement in the OPT.

INTRODUCTION HOUSE DEMOLITIONS AND INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT IN THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY

Far from being confined to a discrete war in 1948, the conflict which triggered Pales- tinian flight has persisted over six decades… In the occupied Palestinian territory, refugees are repeatedly displaced in the wake of armed incursions, home demolitions and air strikes-and even checkpoints and the separation barrier. ” —United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) Commissioner General, Jan. 2008 The demolition of a home not only destroys a physical structure, but has numerous other consequences: it tears down the family structure, increases poverty and vulnerability, and ultimately displaces a family rom the environment that gives it cohesion and support. This has long term physical and mental health consequences.

While forced displacement is an acknowledged part of Palestinian history, it is often discussed as a limited historical phenomenon that occurred during the Arab-Israeli wars that produced hundreds of thousands of refugees and inter- nally displaced persons (IDPs). But Palestinians, both refugee and non-refugee, are still being dis- placed today. One of the primary vehicles for their displacement is the Israeli policy of house demoli- tions. In recent years, ongoing internal displacement in the occupied

Palestinian territory (OPT) has received increasing attention from international human rights, humanitarian and development agencies. Nevertheless, monitor- ing and documentation of internal displacement in the OPT has been largely ad hoc, and the numbers of internally displaced and the impact of displacement on their lives have not been systematically recorded. In an effort to contribute to this expanding discussion, our study presents a portrait of families whose houses have been demol- ished, emphasizing the mid- and long-term impact of house demoli- tion on children and families.

We have asked these families ques- ions related to their economic status, mental and social health, and the fulfilment of basic needs: food, education, and housing. “There are numerous interacting social, psychological and biological fac- tors that influence whether people develop psychological problems or exhibit resilience in the face of adversity,” 3 and this study seeks to illustrate these various influences. In addition, the study makes a preliminary assessment of these families’ ability to return to their places and communities of origin or resettle to a new community, and the impediments that may subsequently arise.

We are concerned that families ho experience house demoli- tion fall into a protection abyss, without a coordinated safety net to support them and their additional needs. This paper concludes therefore by outlining the basic principles 10 Children are deeply impact- ed by house demolitions.

In Gaza, 35,224 children were impacted when 7,342 houses were entirely or partially destroyed by Israeli forces between 2000 and 2007. 28% of children surveyed in Gaza had witnessed the demolition of a friend’s home and nearly 19% had witnessed the demolition of their own home. for an appropriate response to house demolitions, making recom- endations for the Israeli govern- ment, the Palestinian Authority, the international community and civil society groups, while keeping in mind the broader framework of forced displacement.

HOUSE DEMOLITIONS: A BACKGROUNDER

Since Israel’s 1967 occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, it is estimated that Israeli civilian and military authorities have destroyed 24,130 Palestinian homes in the OPT.  The rate of house demolitions and evictions has risen significantly since the beginning of the second Intifada in September 2000. Ac- c ording to the Israeli Commit- tee against House Demolitions (ICAHD), between 1994 and 2000 hen Palestinians and Israelis were engaged in negotiations, 740 Pales- tinian homes were demolished in Israeli military operations.

By comparison, between October 2000 and 2004, 5,000 homes were demolished during military opera- tions. 6 The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA) systematically began tracking homes demolished in the OPT in 2006. From that year to July 2008, 989 structures were demolished (639 in the West Bank and 350 in the Gaza Strip), of which 52% were residential. While this appears to mark a decline in the number of homes demolished, ICAHD notes that Israeli authori- ies have demolished increasingly larger structures, which house more people.

The demolition of homes causes the forced displacement of their residents. In the West Bank alone, the destruction of some 3,302 homes between 2000 and 2004 meant the displacement of ap- proximately 16,510 people. The Israeli incursion into Jenin Camp in 2002 displaced approximately 4,000 people. Nearly all of the 232 people displaced in Nablus over the past two and a half years lost their homes in military operations.  Tens of thousands of additional homes have been damaged to the point of being uninhabitable during military incursions.

In Gaza, from 2000 to 2007, the partial or total destruction of 7,342 houses, largely as a result of Israeli military activity, impacted 69,350 residents, among them 34,224 children.  During 2008, 1,151 Palestinians- including a confirmed 419 children and an additional estimated 194 children 10 – were displaced or af- fected 11 by the demolition of 156 residential structures in the OPT.

Of these, 87 houses were demol- ished and 404 Palestinians (includ- ing 227 children) were displaced in East Jerusalem alone. 13 In addition, over 4,000 homes were demol- ished between 27 December 2008 and 18 January 2009 during Israel’s 11 ilitary operation in Gaza 14 and at the peak of hostilities, 200,000 people were estimated to be displaced-among them 112,000 children.  In a 2008 Gaza study, 28 percent of children surveyed had witnessed the demolition of a friend’s home and nearly 19 percent had wit- nessed the demolition of their own home.

WHY ARE HOUSES DEMOLISHED?

Various explanations are given by Israeli authorities for the de- molition of Palestinian homes. The Israeli human rights group B’Tselem documented the official reasons given for the demolition of over 4,100 Palestinian houses in the OPT between 2000 and 2004. Sixty percent were demolished n ‘clearing operations’ (i. e. mass demolitions); 25 percent were destroyed for the lack of build- ing permits; and 15 percent were destroyed as punishment against accused militants.

In this latter case, 32 percent of the individuals were in Israeli detention, 21 per- cent were ‘wanted’, and 47 percent were already dead. 18 When the homes of suspected militants are demolished, they are usually de- molished without prior warning. In some cases, residents were not able or were not given the oppor- tunity to evacuate and died in the building’s collapse.

SECURITY RATIONALE

When demolishing houses of Pal- stinians suspected of committing security offences, Israeli authorities refer to article 119 (1) of the 1945 Defence (Emergency) Regulations approved by the British govern- ment at the time of the British Mandate in Palestine: A Military Commander may by order direct the forfeiture by the Govern- ment of Palestine of any house, structure, or land from which he has reason to suspect that any firearm has been illegally discharged, or any bomb, grenade or explosive or incendiary article illegally thrown, or of any house, structure or land situated in any area, town, village, quarter or street the inhabitants or some of the nhabitants of which he is satisfied have committed, or attempted to commit, or abetted the commission of, or been accessories after the fact to the commission of, any offence against these Regulations involving vi- olence or intimidation or any Military Court offence; and when any house, structure or land is forfeited as afore- said, the Military Commander may destroy the house or the structure or anything growing on the land.

The Israeli Supreme Court regards the Defence (Emergency) Regula- tions as a section of Israeli local law, despite the fact that they were rescinded at the end of the British Mandate.  Israeli authorities began applying those regulations to the OPT in 1967.

ADMINISTRATIVE RATIONALE

Due to restrictive zoning and urban planning, bureaucratic and financial obstacles, Palestinians seek to resolve urgent housing needs by building without an official permit, despite the risk of subsequent 60% of 4,100 Palestinian houses demolished between the years 2000 and 2004 were demolished in military ‘clearing’ operations. 25% were destroyed for lack of building permits. 15% were destroyed to punish accused militants. Three-hundred and twenty-five homes, over half (184) of them in Jerusalem, were demol- shed in the West Bank due to the lack of building permits between the years 2004 and mid-2007, ac- cording to B’Tselem.

Throughout the West Bank, but in Jerusalem in particular, observ- ers note clear discrimination in the application of building regu- lations and punishment meted out. Between 1996 and 2000, for example, the number of recorded building violations was four and a half times higher in Israeli neigh- bourhoods of Jerusalem (17,382 violations) than in Palestinian neighbourhoods of East Jerusalem (3,846 violations). But the number of demolition orders over this pe- riod issued in West Jerusalem was our times less (86 orders) than the number in East Jerusalem.

“In other words, while over 80 percent of building violations were recorded in West Jerusalem, 80 percent of actual demolition orders were issued for buildings in Palestin- ian East Jerusalem,” according to the World Bank. 26 Between 1999 and 2003, 157 Palestinian-owned build- ings were demolished in Jerusalem by Israeli authorities, compared to only 30 Israeli-owned buildings. Many families continue to live with the threat of displacement through house demolition. In 2005, there were more than 10,000 outstand- ing demolition orders for Palestin- an homes in East Jerusalem alone.

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN A HOUSE IS DEMOLISHED?

Once a home is demolished, the family loses both the house as a financial asset and often the prop- erty inside it; in addition it is liable for the costs of the house demoli- tion which can run up to tens of thousands of dollars. To avoid these costs, Palestinians subject to ad- ministrative house demolitions may “opt” to undertake the demolition of their own home and pay a small- er fine in a deal with authorities.

It is not known how many Palestin- ians choose this route; however, ICAHD fears that their numbers rival those whose homes are de- olished by the authorities. The demolition of inhabited struc- tures may affect many families at a time. Often in the OPT, the entire extended family lives in close prox- imity to one another, and even in the same building. The demolition of one structure therefore, or col- lective demolitions within a defined area, can destroy not just the family domicile but also each nuclear family’s most immediate source of support and social capital. When a house is demolished, indi- viduals must cope with the trauma in an environment of family trauma, which makes it much more difficult to receive the needed care.

For hildren, who would normally be protected and cared for by their parents, the initial trauma is magni- fied. Depression, for instance, is one prevalent symptom after the ex- perience of trauma, especially one of loss. One study published on the psychological impact of house demolition showed a tendency among mothers in these families to develop symptoms of depression. Other studies have discussed the impact on children of parental de- pression. They show that children tend to experience behavioural and emotional disturbances 30 when parents are not able to meet the children’s needs due to distraction with their own.

HOW DO HOUSE DEMOLITIONS IMPACT COMMUNITIES? 

House demolitions frequently impact Palestinian refugees and internally displaced persons, as well as other protected groups. Palestin- ian refugees comprise the largest and longest-standing unresolved refugee case in the world today. In 2007, there were an estimated seven million Palestinian refugees worldwide and 450,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Israel and the OPT.  The rights of Palestinian refugees and IDPs are guaranteed under international human rights and hu- manitarian law, which includes the Fourth Geneva Convention, the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, UN General Assem- bly Resolution 194, and UN Secu- rity Council Resolution 237.

COMMUNITIES AT RISK

In 2008, UN agencies confirmed that 198 communities in the OPT currently face forced displace- ment because of their proximity to settlements or their locations within so-called closed military zones. This includes 81 communities of 260,000 Palestinians and semi-nomadic Bedouin living between the Wall (a series of cement walls, barbed wire and “smart” fencing being con- structed in the West Bank by Israel) and the 1948 “Green Line” that demarcates the boundary between Israel and the OPT.

Ma’an Develop- ment Centre has also identified an additional 98 enclaves or areas in the West Bank where communities are surrounded by the Wall and settlements, or other Israeli infra- structure, in a manner that restricts Palestinian movement. The 312,810 Palestinians living in these enclaves are particularly vulnerable to inter- nal displacement, in part because they are more likely to have their homes demolished.

The 1993 Oslo agreements signed between Israel and Palestinians designated 60 percent of the West Bank as Area C, which falls under Israeli civil and security control. Over 94% of applications for build- ng permits in Palestinian commu- nities located in these areas were denied by Israeli authorities be- tween January 2000 and Septem- ber 2007. (Prior to the late-1970s when Israel began its settlement enterprise in the OPT, permits to build were readily granted to Palestinians. )

Building continues “In September 2007 the Special Rapporteur visited Al Hadidiya in the Jordan Val- ley where the structures of a Bedouin community of some 200 families, comprising 6,000 people, living near to the Jewish settlement of Roi, were demol- ished by the IDF. This brought back memories of the practice in apartheid South Africa of egardless, as Palestinians try to meet their housing needs; between January 2000 and September 2007, 5,000 demolition orders were issued and over 1,600 Palestinian buildings were demolished.

In the Gaza Strip, the creation of a 500-metre to one-kilometre wide military ‘buffer zone’ along the Egyptian border has transformed former residential areas into mili- tary no-go zones. 34 Sixteen thou- sand people in the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah—more than 10 percent of its population—had lost their homes by 2004. 35 In June 2006, as many as 5,100 Palestin- ians were displaced in a series of Israeli military incursions in the Gaza Strip.

THE BEDOUIN 

While our report focuses on the OPT, studies of house demolitions in the Negev reflect similar impacts on children. “House demolition is a traumatic and difficult event for all the members of the family,” said Alean al-Krenawi in an opinion written for Physicians for Human Rights. “The existence of the home fills a vital and basic need for chil- dren, and its absence impairs the development of safe and adaptive relationships. ”  Bedouin who were displaced to he West Bank face a similar dilem- ma.

It is estimated that there are 6,000 Bedouin families in the West Bank. As Israel expands strategic settlements in the Jerusalem area, Bedouin living in open areas are increasingly vulnerable to demoli- tion orders and eviction. Moreover, when displaced, the Bedouin have limited coping resources. They are reliant upon herding with few opportunities for other income-raising activities. They have little social standing in an area where urban class structures dominate.

As a group on the margins now facing house demolition and evictions, the Bedouin represent the worst case scenario of house demolition and displacement. The Israeli policy of house demo- lition has had particular conse- quences for the Bedouin popula- tion inside Israel and the OPT. Tens of thousands of Bedouin, indig- enous Palestinian residents of the Negev (Naqab) before the state of Israel was created, live in com- munities unrecognized by Israel. Nearly 40 percent of the residents of the unrecognized villages in the Negev are under the age of nine. Construction in these villages is prohibited.

As a result, 45,000 tructures have been built ‘illegally’ in southern Israel, according to the Israeli Ministry of Interior, and could be ordered demolished. The escalating practice of demolishing destroying black villages (termed “black spots”) that were too close to white residents. Article 53 of the Fourth Geneva Convention prohibits the destruction of personal property ‘except where such destruction is rendered absolutely neces- sary by military operations’. ” —The UN Special Rap- porteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestin- ian territories occupied since 1967, 21 January 2008.

RELATED INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN AND HUMAN RIGHTS LAW

Fourth Geneva Convention Article 53 Any destruction by the Occupying Power of real or personal property belonging individually or collectively to private persons, or to the State, or to other public authorities, or to social or cooperative organizations, is pro- hibited, except where such destruction is rendered absolutely necessary by military operations. No protected person may be punished for an offence he or she has not personally committed.

Collective penal- ties and likewise all measures of intimidation or of terrorism are prohibited; Pillage is prohibited; Reprisals against rotected persons and their property are prohibited. Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement 1. Every human being shall have the right to be protected against being arbitrarily displaced from his or her home or place of habitual residence. 2. The prohibition of arbitrary displacement includes displacement:

When it is based on policies of apartheid, “ethnic cleansing” or similar practices aimed at/or resulting in altering the ethnic, religious or racial composition of the affected population;

  • In situations of armed conflict, unless the security of the civilians involved or imperative military reasons so demand;
  • In cases of large-scale development projects, which are not justified by compelling and overriding public interests;
  • In cases of disasters, unless the safety and health of those affected requires their evacuation;
  • When it is used as a collective punishment.

Writing Assignment 10th Grade

The statement suggests that sexual intercourse, a human activity, can be likened to activities such as running or brushing teeth. It then asks for opinions on whether this notion is agreed with or not. Evolving world and societal perspectives have greatly affected attitudes towards sexual intercourse.

Advances in technology, like motor vehicles, birth control, and the Internet, have played a role in shaping the concepts of gender and sexuality. These changes are also influenced by economic shifts and discussions on social equality. Society’s perspectives on gender and sexuality have evolved from a Puritan belief that sex was solely for procreation to the widely accepted “Playboy” viewpoint that recognizes it as an important aspect of human connection, pleasure, and release. As a result of this shift, sexual experiences are no longer exclusive to married couples; they have become common for everyone, regardless of their relationship status or participation in casual encounters referred to as “one night stands”.

I agree completely with the statement mentioned above. Sex is now a necessity just like the need for breathing to survive, eating, or sleeping. This essay will explore different perspectives on how I define sex as an “everyday, human activity.” It will also discuss the negative consequences that arise from uncontrolled sexual behavior. Furthermore, the essay will examine the biblical standpoint on sexual intercourse and delve into God’s true intentions behind the creation of this beautiful and natural aspect of life.

Casual sex, also known as “no strings attached” encounters, refers to sexual relations that do not involve an emotional connection or love relationship. These encounters are often brief and occur on one occasion. Casual sex is solely for physical pleasure and excludes any expectation of a relationship or emotional ties. It encompasses all types of sexual acts and can involve individuals of any sexual orientation. In its most basic form, casual sex involves encounters with complete strangers, devoid of names, personal history, or future prospects. Its purpose is to simply satisfy physical desires without fostering any kind of personal connection or relationship development.

In today’s society, casual sex is widespread, indicating a cultural change that has affected young adults in the Western world. Rather than valuing long-term and meaningful relationships with the possibility of marriage, individuals now desire to have multiple sexual partners. It is worth noting that while women in ancient times could face severe consequences like stoning for engaging in sexual immorality, our contemporary society recognizes and accepts the idea of having multiple sexual partners.

The Bible, specifically in 1 Corinthians 6:9-10, outlines certain behaviors that will hinder individuals from receiving the kingdom of God. These include sexual immorality, idolatry, adultery, male prostitution or homosexual acts, theft, greediness, drunkenness, slanderous speech, and deceitful behavior. It is worth mentioning that there is an increasing prevalence of casual sex depicted in movies, television shows and media overall. Additionally, billboards frequently display sexual references.

The underlying philosophy behind the hype is that marriage has lost its popularity and casual sex is now seen as harmless fun. It is believed that everyone is participating in it, and if you’re not, you’re missing out. So, as Nikkei would say: Just do it!

Statistics on casual sex show how prevalent sexual activities are in our society. According to the National Health Statistics Reports (Published March 2011), 8.3% of women and 21.5% of men have had 15 or more sexual partners. As people age, the number of sexual partners tends to increase; by age 24, over 14% of men and 7% of women have had at least 15 partners.

The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction found that individuals aged 18-29 engage in intercourse an average of 112 times per year, while those aged between 30-39 have an average frequency of 86 times per year.

A Dared survey conducted in 2007 revealed that one-third of participants admitted to having sex with a partner without knowing their sexual history.

Not discussing sexually transmitted diseases is considered risky behavior by these individuals. Furthermore, the survey found that 45% of participants had participated in a “one night stand” within the last year. These encounters typically take place at clubs, gas stations, or any other place where someone catches their attention. However, it is important to note that contrary to common belief, one night stands are not unusual. According to God’s plan, sex is meant to provide lifelong benefits for humanity. In order to fully experience these advantages, sexual activity should be limited to marriage.

The recommended method for practicing “safe-sex” is to refrain from engaging in sexual activity until marriage. The act of being intimate with another individual is a sacred concept that has been specifically designed by God for humans. In Genesis 2:18, God declares that it is not beneficial for man to be alone and pledges to create a suitable partner for him. Even though Adam had a close and intimate relationship with God, it was understood that he required a unique form of intimacy – one that could only be fulfilled by someone of the opposite gender. As a result, Eve was created by God.

According to Genesis 2:21-24, God formed Eve from one of Adam’s ribs while he was sleeping. Adam acknowledged that Eve was made from his own flesh and declared her to be his partner. This biblical passage emphasizes the importance of companionship for humans and discourages isolation. It also introduces sexual intercourse as a gift from God for married couples to enjoy. As Christians, it is our responsibility to cherish this precious gift in order to strengthen our bond with our spouse. Marriage is a divine union ordained by God and sex is an integral part of it. Through intimate relations, individuals can express spiritual connection, emotional closeness, intense excitement, personal satisfaction, and nurturing within their relationship.

Throughout the scriptures, it is clear that sex is intended for married couples. In Proverbs, it emphasizes that sex brings pleasure to committed individuals in a covenant marriage. According to Proverbs 5:18, “Let your fountain be blessed, and rejoice with your wife of your youth.” Additionally, Genesis 1:28 states that sex has a purpose for procreation as God blesses Adam and Eve and tells them to “Be fruitful and multiply.” Furthermore, 1 Corinthians 7:2 explicitly states that sexual relations should only occur within the confines of marriage: “But since sexual immorality is occurring, each man would have sexual relations with his own wife, and each woman with her own husband.” As beings created in God’s image, we are capable of having relationships both with others and with God. Sexuality encompasses an individual’s sexual functioning as well as their relationship as a married couple. After creating Adam and Eve, God joined them together as a married couple and commanded them to become one flesh.

The phrase “one flesh” in Genesis 2:24 underscores the powerful connection between a man and a woman, encompassing their physical, emotional, and spiritual aspects. This profound bond is demonstrated through sexual intimacy, which should epitomize genuine affection, honor, and commitment. The Bible offers valuable principles for appropriate expression of sexuality.

The importance of sex in forming a strong bond during Adam and Eve’s first marriage was emphasized by God’s instructions. In his book “The Missing Dimension in Sex,” Herbert W. Armstrong explains that God intended sex to bring about pure, righteous, clean, holy, and abundant blessings. Sex not only motivates couples to marry but also nurtures their love within marriage. However, engaging in casual sex can result in negative consequences like emotional and psychological harm, sexual violence, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and unintended pregnancy. Moreover, casual sex can lead to addiction as individuals prioritize detached intercourse as the central focus of their lives. Feelings of guilt often persist and contribute to depression over time. Additionally, those who engage in casual sex tend to display a propensity for taking risks.

Engaging in unprotected sexual encounters with strangers can result in the acquisition of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), which can have severe and life-threatening consequences. The risk of contracting these diseases is higher when having multiple sexual partners, some of whom may be fatal. Even with protection, there is still a chance for women to become pregnant. Parenthood entails significant and serious obligations, leading many women to opt for abortion as a way to avoid this responsibility.

According to the Bible, engaging in sexual activity before marriage is considered morally unacceptable for several reasons. The Bible discusses the concept of soul ties, which are spiritual connections between two individuals. Although not explicitly referred to as “soul ties,” the Bible talks about souls being knitted together and becoming one flesh. Soul ties serve various purposes but ultimately bind two souls together in the spiritual realm.

For married couples, soul ties bring them closer to each other, acting like magnets that attract one another. However, when it comes to premarital sex, soul ties can have troubling consequences. For example, an abused woman may still feel an unexplainable attraction towards the man she should naturally despise and avoid. Instead of distancing herself from him, she is drawn towards him even though he does not reciprocate her feelings of love.

In the realm of demons, there exist unholy soul ties that function as conduits for the transfer of sinister forces between individuals. Some soul ties enable one person to exert control and manipulate another, while the recipient remains oblivious or knowingly allows it to persist without any valid reason. On the other hand, godly soul ties are forged when a married couple establishes an unbreakable bond that aligns with God’s design for their union.

Participating in sexual relations that contradict religious beliefs establishes an unholy bond between souls, resulting in the fragmentation and eventual downfall of the soul. Individuals who have engaged in multiple prior relationships may encounter difficulties forming profound connections with others due to their fragmented souls. It is crucial to acknowledge that Christians are not immune to the allure of sex and can similarly find themselves ensnared in immoral conduct. Consequently, we must exercise caution when approaching sexual intercourse, refraining from treating it as a mundane activity like brushing our teeth or going for a run.

Talent Management

Another two effective processes will be explored in an attempt to roved a better approaches to talent management than is displayed in the case study. The sum of this paper is to evaluate Bank of America’s approach to talent management. Bank of America’s history starts in 1904 with its founder Madame Peter Gaining as the Bank of Italy in San Francisco Ca (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015). It later became Bank of America and was originally owned by Mr.. Gassing’s holding company Transoceanic Corporation.

The current Bank of America Corporation is the result of a merger between Bank of America and Nominations on 1998 (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015). Their current headquarters are now in Charlotte, North Carolina. From 2001 to 2008 Bank of America hired on 196 external new hires with only 24 terminations during that time. They amassed a twelve percent new hire turnover rate for new hires in comparison to the average 40 percent turnover rate with other large corporations (Goldsmith, 2010). Outline the talent management program that led to success for Bank of America.

Since the banks opening in its current form in 1998, Bank of America has been considered a worldwide leader in the financial services industry. Bank of Americas talent management and development philosophy has a core of seven principals used to guide, create and set a thought process across all of the banks executive offices. These seven principals include: 1. Leaders really do matter in managing and driving accountability, results and culture. 2. Performance Rules: Top performers, then high potentials. 3. Talent is an enterprise resource. 4. Today’s top-performing leaders aren’t necessarily tomorrows 5.

A broad set of experiences and assignments is the best classroom; yet a balanced approach is necessary for development 6. Today’s top 100 must leave a legacy of future talent by teaching, mentoring and serving as role models to others on what it takes to succeed. 7. Invest in the best and focus the rest (Knighting, 2009) As part of their method to operational their development outline they included a 70-20-10 approach to their training. This breaks down to 70 percent in experience based development, twenty percent in coaching and feedback while the last 10 percent is used for traditional learning (Knighting, 2009).

This includes an aimed metamorphosis in leadership development at every stage of their Leadership pipeline. Adding regular assessments and evaluations increases the amount of insight gained into the different experiences, leadership styles and vulnerabilities, and the ambition of the senior executives. With this combination philosophy, structure approach they have made a talent management and leadership development focused on today’s performance and preparing the leadership of the future (Knighting, 2009). Identify strengths of the program and how they led to goal accomplishment.

Some of the Bank of America Program strengths within their talent management program that have come to light research include the fact that the aerogram is focused on a specific category of employees. These employees are essentially the basis for the ultimate success of the program. The program itself is cyclic meaning it occurs in cycles and is regularly repeated, as part of their business model. This also means it does not show any signs of interruptions during the process and has not instances of individual implementations. All of the results from the program are received company wide.

This is due to the results impacting every aspect of the company, for example the operational staff, resources allocation, and the planning of the budget. In addition the program has a marked positive impact on the overall culture by inspiring a sense of empowerment in the trust teamwork and accountability found in every level of the organization, but most especially in the executive ranks. Describe opportunities for improvement in the talent management planning process. Like there are strengths to the program there is also room for improvement.

As was pointed out earlier the program at Bank of America is a well-oiled machine developed to manage the staffs at the company. However there are shortfalls in the level of planning. There is little flexibility despite being a cyclical system. Once in the program and on a set track there is no opportunity to alter this track to meet the specific needs of the employee. The program can also be highly intense. It is not unusual for the company to expect a great deal from their executives considering the amount of time it takes to reach such a position.

However any standardized program is not able to completely bring out the potential in any individual. Utilizing their program as a frame work there is room to tailor certain aspects to fit each individual as the progress and evolve. The program is also focused on the executive personnel. This leave a large gap in improvement between executives and the rest of the personnel. It provides a great opportunity for the rest of personnel to attempt to reach the executive ranks by being cognizant of their executive’s training.

It is an opportunity and perhaps a draw back as there is a definite gap in training and professional development in a system meant to encourage future leadership development. Despite this the program does accomplish preventing many of the shortfalls that other executive onboard programs fail in. It encourages the executive to continue developing as well as to seek mentoring and advice in their development. This is accomplished by providing an atmosphere that encourages it.

Ensuring development in the executive personnel can encourage the other personnel to take their own training and development more. Create at least two (2) more effective approaches to meet the talent management challenges in the future. Like the all programs in a successful company the place to start is the business strategy and combining whatever other best practices need to be soused on and improved. In the case of talent management the talent strategy should start with the end product in mind by ensuring that it is in full compliance and alignment with the business strategy.

The first sign of an effective talent management is that it is in complete cohesion with the business strategy (Welling, 2008). An effective talent management strategy requires you goals and strategies to energize the quality and quantity of personnel talent necessary. In some companies there is a belief that business and talent decisions are one and the same. Another aspect is to note that the executives should be setting up places for their replacements instead of being so worried about being on the executive board.

This goal is not to negate the hard work of being part of the board but it is to emphasize that you are to train those that work under you in order to preserve future advancement of the company. Linking both the strategy and the need for leadership to help improve and develop future leaders are the basis of a well-orchestrated talent strategy (Welling, 2008). Over all it is often best to remember the basics of effective talent management. This includes remembering to select a plan, this identifies right talent with the right competency.

Then plan the talent out by designing the right talent strategy to fit the company’s needs and requirements. Following planning the talent there is the need to grow the talent you have acquired or currently have, by developing the talent in order to build their capability (Growth Point Consultancy, 2012). Final stage is to engage your talent by retaining it with incentives such as learning opportunities that in turn energize your talent. Used in a cyclical tatter the company is able to acquire grow and maintain their talent (Growth Point Consultancy, 2012).

A strategic execution of the talent management plan include plan acquire, engage, develop, deploy, lead, retain, and measure (Growth Point Consultancy, 2012). Then it repeats over in a circle of talent management practices as a method of ensuring that the talent and business strategy are in continuous improvement evolutions. Conclusion: Though the talent management strategy of Bank of America has made a number of impressive strides to making it one of the leaders in the financial world, there re still some areas to either improve or elaborate their development strategy for.

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