Motorcycle and Sweetgrass is a charming novel written by Taylor Drew Hayden about the relevance of belief and balance and some form of magic in people’s life. The novel illustrates how individuals attempt to adapt to the modern lifestyle while still like their ancestors. The characters attempt to stay loyal to their native way of life. The novel has three major characters, John, Maggie, and Wayne, who develop in their attempt to achieve balance. John utilizes dance to hold onto his Ojibway traditions, Maggie feeds on Italian foods, and she needs support from people like John to assist her in believing in the traditions and beliefs of Ojibway, while Wayne uses martial arts while at the same time isolating himself within an island to ensure he lives like the ancestors. Therefore, throughout the novel, all the three characters are attempting to maintain their native roots while at the same time adapting to the current life hence illustrating balance.
John uses dance to maintain his Ojibway traditions, and he is also a perfect trickster throughout the novel. First, John uses dance, and he continuously plays childish games to maintain his traditions. For instance, in the novel, John attempts to assist Maggie and buries two big sandbags full of bones in the entire forest (Drew Hayden Taylor 313). This clearly illustrates that John still holds onto his youthful life even though the childish games may generate serious results on his medical wheel. Also, John is a perfect trickster who clarifies to Maggie that he wants to feel as good as he felt years back when he knew her grandmother. He states that he knew Maggie’s grandmother way before she was born, which was the last time he felt good. He wishes to feel the same with hopes that it runs through Maggie’s family (Drew Hayden Taylor 115). For this reason, John is very determined to impress Maggie that he goes ahead to steal a museum’s ancient bones and bury them afresh in a new piece of land. The two scenarios clearly illustrate how John wants to be associated with the past while at the same time fitting into modern life.
Wayne uses martial art, and he also isolates himself on the island. The application of martial arts is a special way Wayne connects to his ancestors and illustrates that he is proud of his culture. For instance, most characters disapprove of Wayne’s love for martial arts in the novel, and they find the whole idea silly. The sister states, “Wayne, it’s not that we don’t care; we care. It is just that it’s somewhat silly. A native martial art? You might as well be writing a native opera or something (Drew Hayden Taylor 238). Therefore, Wayne is not ashamed that he is still living a more traditional life than his sister in a world that is becoming less traditional. Also, Wayne goes further to isolate himself on the island. Wayne feels like no one believes in him, and he isolates himself on the island, which is considered stupid to maintain his traditional life (Drew Hayden Taylor 237). By being on the island by himself, Wayne can do whatever he cannot freely do on the island. Therefore, both his actions illustrate how he strongly believes in the Aboriginals.
Lastly, Maggie feeds on Italian foods, and she needs support from people like John to assist her in believing in the traditions and beliefs of Ojibway. Throughout the novel, Maggie expresses her love for Italian foods. She states, “I love Italian foods. In my opinion, it’s the best thing Columbus and Cabot brought over” (Drew Hayden Taylor 109). While the world is evolving and new foods are coming in, Maggie’s love for Italian dishes is unshakable, and she expects her man to love it as well. Also, Maggie needs support from people like John, tied to traditions. This is evident from the statement, “Then she noticed that John sitting beside her, was smiling. Not a supporting I am here for your kind of smile but more like I know something you don’t know (Drew Hayden Taylor 281). This illustrates that John knows more about their traditions, and having him by his side is an added advantage to achieving balance.
Conclusively, the actions of John, Wayne, and Maggie throughout the novel illustrate how they tried to maintain balance to ensure they were healthy. Through their capacities, the three characters are attempting to maintain their native roots while at the same time adapting to the current life hence illustrating balance. Because of everything that has happened in their past life, there is something special like food, martial arts, and dance which they are strongly attached with.
Drew Hayden Taylor. Motorcycles & Sweetgrass. Toronto, Ontario, Penguin Random House Canada, 2021.
In The Company Of Wolves By Angela Carter Sample Paper
“In the company of Wolves” is one of the famous short stories by Angela Carter. The story is a development and twisting of Little Red Riding Hood that illustrates the gender construction of the society in the seventy onward. Twisting Little Red Riding Hood beats the expectation of the reader as well as challenges the societal expectations about maintaining the existing gender construction culture. Carter begins by describing the jeopardy of having wolves in the nearby forest vividly. The danger becomes worse, especially during winter, because the wolves lack food to eat and sneak into human homes to feed on humans. Carter reminds the reader that humans are aware and always carry knives around for protection. She also includes short tales of how werewolves came to exist; the story of a witch who turns wedding guests into wolves and the story of a husband who turned into a wolf, then the wife remarried only for him to show up and bite the wide’s, first son. The husband kills the wolf, and human skin is seen beneath the wolf’s skin to illustrate how humans and beasts are metaphorically connected. Notable, it used to be the norm to metaphorically represent a man as a wolf and a wan as the prey of the wolf. However, as Carter’s story goes on, she turns the roles around and gives a woman more power in Little Red Riding Hood, where the wolves meet an intelligent power from a female child that tames him. In this case, the girl is going to visit her grandmother in the far end of the forest. A handsome man approaches her and volunteers to carry her basket, which has the protection knife. They plan to compete and see who gets to grandmother’s house first. If the handsome man gets there first, then the girl kisses him. The virgin girl wants the man to get there first because she is in for the kiss. As expected, the man gets there first but he is a solve who feeds on the grandmother and struggles to clear the scene of crime before the girl gets there. When she arrives, it takes her a second of keen observation to realize that she was in danger before strategizing to come out safe. She uses deduction and sex to tame the wolf that was supposedly going to feast on her together with his brothers who were outside of the house. Carter strategically shifts into the girl’s story while changing the mood, tone, tenses, and perspective to help the reader understand that the young girl has acknowledged the powerful beast inside her and can use it to protect herself from the wolf. In essence, Carter’s “In the Company of Wolves” uses intended moods, tones, tenses and changed perspective in the inner story to emphasize the transformation that a society can go through as they walk to feminism, a representation of gender equality.
The perspective of the story changes to an agency perspective to make the reader understand the power of gender equality. The story begins when the girl does not know that the handsome man is a werewolf. They in fact wage on a kiss because seemingly she is attracted to the man. Carter uses the girl’s nativity to show how women have been trained by the patriarchal society to trust men and not themselves. Men come looking all handsome and good protectors, providers and love prophesers, yet deep down they are wolves, flawed as much as a human being should be flawed. Yet the society gives men too much privilege that favours them to pursue all they want. For instance, the werewolf is privileged with speed and still bets on a kiss with the girl who is barely fast enough to win the race. However, Carter shifts this perspective and have the girl willing to lose in order to get the kiss because she knows what she wants. Furthermore, when the girl arrives at her grandmother’s house, she does not succumb to the fear of being around werewolves. Carter changes the perspective and makes the girl brave enough courageous because; “she knew she was nobody’s meat” (Carter). Carter is able to describe the girl and make her invincible because she knows that being afraid will not save her from being the wolf’s meet. She knows she has to use her feminine power to get to a level where she is equal to the wolves. She strives to seduce the wolve even though she is a virgin. Having sex with the wolves takes the wolves and she gains control. Carter “urges its acceptance…does so on the ground that it will do good.” (Aristotle). In this sense, Carter reminds the reader of how the patriarchal society initially influences men to perceive women. Men are raised up to think that they are the better and more powerful gender–echoed when the werewolf is sure it will feed on the girl. However with the wave of feminism women who are surrounded by the dangerous patriarchal society perceive their situation differently. They are aware of the power inside them, their feminine power that they can use to get gender equality in the society. Carter’s feminist perspective is echoed when the girl laughs at the danger knowing she has a plan to save herself and even become equal. Eventually, she executes her plan and manages to get equality because the story ends when they are in bed. Additionally, Carter changes the perspective of the reader towards both the girl and the werewolf as the story ends. The girl sleeps ” sweet and sound…between the tender paws of the wolf.” She sends a message that when gender equality is achieved, there will be serenity between the two genders. Therefore, the shift in perspectives is meant to show how gender equality will ultimately lead to togetherness.
The tone and the mood shift from fear to confidence, then settle on confidence and pitty to illustrate how feminism starts with fear then confidence and lastly feminists would pitty the society that is yet to embrace gender equality. The tone and mood of the story as it gets to the climax are necessary to emphasize how the discovery of the agency in the girl tamed the wolf and made sure the girl is safe. When the girl realizes she is in danger, she fears a little but realizes that fear is not helpful. In a patriarchal society, it is imprudent for women to fear because in the first place, they are viewed as weak and vulnerable. Fearing will only emphasize their vulnerability and powerlessness. Therefore Carter quickly shifts the mood and tone to confidence and making the reader understand that the girl believes she can be safe with her strategy. At some point, Carter portrays the mood of the girl as more confident than the werewolf’s confidence when she in dresses and throws both their clothes in the fire. The mood at this place should be tensed, but Carter describes it with confidence because the girl is also aware that throwing the wolf’s clothes in the fire will make the wolf remain a wolf forever. This is symbolic in that it shows how feminism can strip beliefs and norms in from the society and then go a head to take it into a society that embraces gender equality.Also, when they finally have sex and the wolf is tamed the girl’s mood and tone are pitiful; “It is very cold, poor things…no wonder they would houl so…” (Carter). The change of mood shows how people in societies that have embraced feminism would wish that other societies would embrace feminism for them to get out of the cold. Therefore, the change in mood and tone of the story shifts effectively to show how feminists struggle to penetrate in patriarchal societies, to accomplish gender equality goals and still care about the societies that resist change.
Conclusively, Carter’s “In the Company of Wolves” uses intended moods, tones, tenses and changed perspective in the inner story to emphasize the transformation that a society can go through as they walk to feminism, a representation of gender equality.The perspective of the story changes to an agency perspective to make the reader understand the power of gender equality. Also, the shift in perspectives is meant to show how gender equality will ultimately lead to togetherness. Lastly, the change in mood and tone of the story shifts effectively to show how feminists struggle to penetrate in patriarchal societies, to accomplish gender equality goals and still care about the societies that resist change.
Aristotle. “The Internet Classics Archive: Rhetoric by Aristotle.” The Internet Classics Archive | Rhetoric by Aristotle, http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/rhetoric.html.
Carter, Angela. “The Bloody Chamber and Other Stories.” Goodreads, Goodreads, https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/49011.The_Bloody_Chamber_and_Other_Stories.
Individual Project International And Domestic Terrorism Writing Sample
In this scenario, government encroachment on privacy is the primary issue. The huge amount of phone and internet tracking did by the US government is seen as a small invasion of privacy that is worth it to protect the country from attack. The government says that the programs are “compromises” that are meant to keep Americans safe from terrorist threats while also protecting their privacy. In his defense, the president said that Congress and federal judges were in charge of the programs and that politicians knew about them (Chong, Xiong, & Proctor, 2019). In the U.S., however, this has led to a split in the media.
The Washington Post says that government investigators have gotten into the main servers of Apple, Google, and Facebook to get photos, emails, and other information that helps analysts track where a person goes and who they talk to. This made people even more worried about their privacy after a Guardian article said that the National Security Agency looked through the phone records of millions of Verizon Communications customers (Dimitrova & Brkan, 2018). So, after the September 11 attacks in the United States, the two studies sparked a global debate about privacy rights and how much the government should be able to watch people. Concerning President Obama’s reasoning, he promised to run the most open government in US history. In his first comments on the scandal, he said that he had entered office with “healthy scepticism” about the surveillance programs but that he had come to think that small invasions of privacy were okay.
The cause of conflict to stop this intrusion was to make sure programs don’t go too far by not having audits and tightening controls. The companies said that there is no link between being suspicious and being watched and that any invasion of privacy must be okay if a few terrorists are caught. They say those good intentions aren’t enough and that there is a need for protection against the government doing too much. Microsoft, for example, has said that it does not collect data for the government on purpose and only does so when it is asked for specific names or accounts. It was decided that the government’s program was very upsetting and went beyond what the law allowed. The federal government has collected a huge amount of information. It’s not true that it will protect national security.
If I were in charge of policy, I would only let people look into individual accounts where I thought something was wrong. I think the NSA should get more of its raw data for intelligence reports from PRISM. True, the NSA can monitor international internet traffic with the PRISM project, but it also collects American communications (Dimitrova & Brkan, 2018). In contrast, the once-secret Boundless Information program looks at Verizon calls and gets some of its information from them. The National Security Agency has spied on internet connections all over the world. Fiber optic connections send large amounts of data to connect continents to the internet. The NSA works with local intelligence agencies to tap these cables in some countries. In other countries, it does it on its own. So, even if the NSA has the ability to track every device on the planet, I think this ability should be limited to the organization itself. This protects the privacy of IT businesses and makes it easier for people to get along.
Dimitrova, A., & Brkan, M. (2018). Balancing National Security and Data Protection: The Role of EU and US Policy‐Makers and Courts before and after the NSA Affair. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 56(4), 751-767.
Chong, I., Xiong, A., & Proctor, R. W. (2019). Human factors in the privacy and security of the internet of things. Ergonomics in design, 27(3), 5-10.