Informative Essay On Tomato Farming Essay Example For College

Tomatoes are delicious fruits that can be served with various dishes such as sauces and salads. Growing tomatoes is simple, a pass-time for gardeners, and a rewarding task whereby you can have lots of tomatoes from your backyard or patio. This essay walks the readers through the steps involved in growing and maintaining tomatoes right from the seedlings, choosing the right variety, preparing the soil, and planting the seedlings. Furthermore, the essay provides all the details needed for a successful harvest and gives gardeners knowledge and techniques to grow healthy tomatoes.

The first step in growing tomatoes is choosing a suitable location with adequate sunlight. Tomatoes require full sunlight because warm-season plants require at least five to six hours of direct sunlight daily. If the gardener has a patio or a backyard exposed to direct sunlight, they should be able to utilize the space to grow tomatoes. Choose a location with direct sunlight to grow healthy tomatoes successfully.

Next, finding the right seedlings is essential when growing tomatoes. Growing vegetables and tomatoes from seeds can be challenging but not difficult, and I will clarify how to cultivate tomatoes from a seedling. For clarification, a seedling is a plant that has just begun growing from the phanerogam. In addition, a seedling can be either a freshly sprouted plant or a complete flowering plant. You can visit your local nursery to find tomato seedlings at an affordable price. To choose the best seedling, look for short, healthy plants with full leaves, not flowery ones. This last point is counteractive, but it is very critical in farming. It would help if you did not buy a seedling that has started blossoming since it will be difficult to adapt to the new environment during planting.

Furthermore, when finding the right seedling, consider the tomato variety because different varieties have varying degrees of adapting to different climates (Guodaar, 2020). Furthermore, you can ask the assistant from the seedling nursery to show you tomato varieties resistant to tomato diseases, such as early blight and late blight, to ensure a successful harvest (Roy, 2019). Also, some varieties mature earlier than others; therefore, choose a tomato variety that gets ready at the right time within your location.

After finding the best seedlings, you should find the most suitable way of planting them. I suggest that you sow the seedlings in garden containers. However, the best ways of planting tomatoes vary depending on personal preferences and climatic conditions. Some gardeners prefer to plant tomatoes directly in the gardens because they have enough space and sunlight. Even though this method is quicker and saves time from sowing seeds indoors, it exposes the tomatoes to frost damage and causes them to grow late in the season. Container gardening is manageable for most gardeners and is a great option for individuals with limited space or poor soil (Smith, 2022). The garden containers can be placed on the patio or backyard with direct sunlight. The advantage of using garden containers over the direct plantation in the garden is that containers regulate moisture better and void away less water. You can go for a garden container at least 10-16 inches in width to provide sufficient space for the development of roots and fill it with potting mix; then, you can plant one tomato per container and place it in a sunny spot.

You are ready to transplant the tomato once you finish gravelling in the bottom of the container and place the soil on top. The tomato seedlings come in plastic bags from the nursery, so you should pick them up carefully. Turn the plastic bag in an inverted manner while placing the stem in the middle of your fingers. Next, tap the bottom part of the container lightly to enable the plant to fall on your hand. The other step is to carefully break the soil formed on the root ball and ensure that you gently do it. Rip up the root ball to allow the new root to grow in the new container. However, it would be best if you were careful in this process to avoid damaging the roots because this can slow down growth or kill the plant. Ensure that you water the tomatoes thoroughly after transplanting to enable the soil to settle and encourage the growth of the roots.

Furthermore, as the seedlings grow, stake or cage them as they need support to remain upright. This help to prevent damage from the wind and makes it easier to harvest. Lastly, ensure that you fertilize your seedlings using a balanced fertilizer since tomatoes are heavy feeders and greatly benefit from regular fertilization.

In conclusion, growing tomatoes from seedlings are satisfying and rewarding to anyone interested in farming. From selecting the required seedling, soil preparation, provision of adequate water and light, and pruning, several steps are involved in planting tomatoes. Tomato farming requires patience, care, and attention to detail to reap the benefits of juicy and fresh tomatoes from your backyard. Whether an experienced gardener or a beginner, growing your tomatoes from seedlings is fun and rewarding because it harvests nutritious fruit successfully. The satisfaction of eating fresh food that you planted yourself outweighs all your struggles and efforts during the growing season. So why not give it a try and see what you can grow?

References

Guodaar, L., Asante, F., Eshun, G., Abass, K., Afriyie, K., Appiah, D. O., … & Kpenekuu, F. (2020). How do climate change adaptation strategies result in unintended maladaptive outcomes? Perspectives of tomato farmers. International Journal of vegetable science26(1), 15-31.

Roy, C. K., Akter, N., Sarkar, M. K., Pk, M. U., Begum, N., Zenat, E. A., & Jahan, M. A. (2019). Control early blight of tomatoes caused by screening of tomato varieties against the pathogen. The Open Microbiology Journal13(1).

Smith, M. R. (2022). The Vertical Veg Guide to Container Gardening. Chelsea Green Publishing.

Investment Decision Process University Essay Example

Before investing in either real estate or opening a minimart within the city corners, investors have always been in the valley of decision; the process of decision-making can either take long or short depending on which it has been approached the team used. Some of the most common methods used and tried are top-down, bottom-up, and three-step approaches.

Top-down involves starting the analysis from the broader economy; then, you analyze the industry and the sector and settle for the investment. This approach gives investors a better understanding of the economy (Prina et al., 2020). By analyzing the industry, the investors will have insights into the market’s level of market competition, demand, and supply situation. Investors then analyze to make financial predictions. This analysis considers both internal and external benefits. Analyzing the investment gives the investor clear insights into the securities worth investing. Having all this information from the top rank in the market to the smallest level gives a broader view to the investor. Some of the downsides of using this approach are the following: it requires an investment plan and complicates it. It requires knowledge, and some investors hire experts. The decision will be made based on market risks which could be more predictable.

The three-step approach divides the decision-making process into three steps: defining the problem, generating alternatives, and evaluating alternatives. Defining problems enables the investor to understand the compelling factor to invest in that particular market. At the same time, generating alternatives gives those deciding to have an array of solutions that will lead to a final and outstanding solution (Khodabandelu et al., 2021). Evaluating alternatives is the final stage, where one conclusion is made. This comes with the final decision to follow the investor’s requirements. This method is considered to be time-consuming and expensive as well.

The bottom-up approach starts small and then considers the bigger picture, focusing more on analyzing individual stocks and selecting options that may offer strong growth potential (li et al., 2022). The bottom-up approach favors individual investors who may need more resources to invest in deep research, which normally involves large financial input. Investors, especially individual investors, can use publicly available information resources to make the decision.

Top-down, this approach gives the investor all that may be needed to invest. By considering all levels in the market, the investor has enough information to make a decision. For example, I want to invest in the real estate business. In that case, I will need to know how the market is fairing at the sector level, whether it is booming or in recession, and at the company level, I will be able to look at the market around me to see if it is worth investing in or not. The more information the organization has before investing, the more advantageous it is in making decisions.

In conclusion, the decision-making process determines whether the investment will realize its goal. This decision will determine the amount needed for investment and financial allocations. It may coat the organization a lot of poorly done without considering all factors. The approach chosen by the organization is determined by factors such as time, financial capability, and whether the investment is corporate or individual.

References

Prina, M. G., Manzolini, G., Moser, D., Nastasi, B., & Sparber, W. (2020). Classification and challenges of bottom-up energy system models-A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews129, 109917. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032120302082

Khodabandelu, A., & Park, J. (2021). Agent-based modeling and simulation in construction. Automation in Construction131, 103882. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/353890048_Agent-based_modeling_and_simulation_in_construction

Li, C., Ma, B., & Li, X. (2022). The Decision-Making Process of China’s Human Spaceflight Program. Space Policy61, 101492. https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022SpPol..6101492L/abstract

Japan Population Policy Sample Assignment

In the modern age, the globe continues to witness a significant population decrease, with certain nations recording high statistics and anticipating a lesser population in future years. For instance, a report by the United Nations predicts that nations such as Germany, Spain, South Korea, and Russia are anticipated to witness a population decrease by 2030. Such forecasts have forced some nations to implement population policies to maintain or increase their population. Japan, for instance, has for over a decade imposed policies that entail financial assistance to persons who give birth to a child. This paper profoundly discusses the Japanese population policy, elucidates the issues that prompted the policy and potential alternatives, and provides justified recommendations.

Problem Statement

Japan has the highest percentage of elderly individuals of any nation globally. In 2014, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication assessments indicated that around 38% of the nation’s populace was over 60 years of age, with 25.9% over 65 years, with this statistic increasing to 29.1% in 2022. This elderly population, branded by high life expectancy and sub-replacement rates of the facility, is also anticipated to continue. The forecast indicated that citizens over 65 would constitute a third of the population by 2050 (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication).

Previously, the nation experienced a significant increase in baby birth between 1947 and 1949, which subsequently decreased. This Asian country’s primary population concern began in 2011. Presently, Japan’s population is 125 million (The World Bank), a statistic that is anticipated to drop by 2040 to 16% (107 million) and by 2050 to 24% (97 million) if the existing demographic trend persists (Johnston). People aged 65 years and above in Japan have more than tripled in the past four decades and now makeup over 26% of the nation’s population. On the other hand, those aged 14 and below had decreased from 24.3% in 1975 to 12.8% in 2014 (Yoshida). Surprisingly, persons that are aged surpassed younger ones in 1997, evidenced by the increased sales of adult diapers to baby diapers in 2014 (Yoshida). This significant transformation in the age demographics in the nation has happened in a lesser period than in other nations.

Dynamics, including improved medical and pharmacological technologies, enhanced nutrition, and enhanced living conditions, have been pivotal in augmenting the longer-than-average life expectancy. Since World War II, the nation has also had noteworthy peace and affluence that significantly improved its economy, subsequently increasing life expectancy. This country has also massively invested in health care, where elderly personnel continuously visit hospitals, improving their overall health and population longevity.

On the other hand, the decrease in population since the late 20th century can is highly credited to economic and cultural aspects, including higher education, poor work-life balance, decreased salaries, decreased marriages, urbanization, diminished spaces of living, increase in the number of females in the workforce, and high costs of child-raising (Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan, 5; Kato, 17). In the country, several persons are challenged by insecurity due to the unavailability of continuous employment. It is estimated that more than 40% of the nation’s young population does not have a full-time job (Kato, 21). Even though the majority of married people have two or more children, an increased number of young people are rejecting marriage. For instance, a report by (Writer Staff) uncovered that young men stated financial issues as the primary concern of avoiding marriage. In contrast, young women stated their lack of desire to change their surname as the reason for avoiding marriage.

Policy Background

The Japanese Child Benefic Act was enacted in 1972. Initially, this policy was an entirely income-tested benefit primarily aimed at groups that attained low incomes in the nation. During its introduction, citizens received 3000 yen as a contribution from the local government (Japanese Law Translation). Afterward, the Japanese authority reassessed the goals of this policy based on a philosophy of personal independence and rigid family ties. It is worth noting that these reaffirmations were during the mid-1970s oil crisis. The government’s target shifted to children who needed the benefit through enhancing the cash reward. It is important to note that the primary policy goals of the Child Benefit Act include providing children with financial security and supporting the health and growth of young ones. ‘

Then again, before 1990, the cash reward was only provided to children’s families until the age of three. The parents were given 5000 yen for their first two children every month (Japanese Law Translation). The improved eligibility benchmark has also resulted in an improved cash reward. Only Japanese average-earning families have been eligible for this act since 2005, with families given amounts adding up to $2,448 for giving birth to children (Japanese Law Translation). Furthermore, certain Japanese employers also provide job bonuses to their workers for giving birth to a child.

To attain the Child benefit act, certain requirements ought to be met. For instance, according to the Income Law, the income limit threshold for parents and guardians with partners or dependents eligible for deductions from taxes for the elderly is often increased from the numbers listed on the left by 60,000 yen per eligible partner or dependent annually. By providing allowance funds to the guardians and parents of young ones, the Child Allowance System seeks to support stable households, invest in worthwhile enhancements, and foster the correct upbringing of children who will eventually create future generations.

Alternative Policies in Japan

Gender-Based Labor Division law

In Japan, the family is typically in charge of providing for both the young and the elderly. Due to the labor split in this norm, work-family conflicts have arisen. Individuals raising children require access to the wages and benefits of their employers. Japanese Family Policy revised its stance in response to the growing percentage of female workers, the low reproduction rate, and the conflict between work and family life. By providing maternity leave, part-time employment, and the option to work from home, the program seeks to relieve mothers who work of the stress and worry of raising children and to promote fertility.

The Labor Law

By outlawing discrimination in wages and mandating equitable treatment, this law sought to lessen gender discrimination by fining violating firms. The statute gave women the right to twelve weeks of paid maternity leave at 60% of their usual pay. The Japanese medical framework is responsible for funding this program. Nevertheless, since the rule forbade women from undertaking potentially dangerous or nocturnal positions and severely restricted the number of hours they were permitted to work extra, it ultimately resulted in businesses hiring fewer women.

Parental Leave/ Child Care Leave Law

This law has been modified partly to make it illegal for employers to fire, demote, or lay off workers requesting this childcare leave. Parental leave is permitted for a maximum of one year in Japan. There are maternal and paternal breaks a few weeks before and after childbirth. Parents are permitted to take childcare leave up until their child turns one year old following the conclusion of paternity or maternity leave. With this policy, the Japanese government seeks to encourage parents to give birth to children without the stress of potentially losing their jobs.

Recommendations/Alternatives

The primary ways Japan can rescue its plummeting population are based on improving its economy. An increased economy would typically result in financial security for most young persons who would be encouraged to marry and give birth to children. While a policy such as increased female employment rates is effective, it is only a medium-term solution. The nation will ultimately be mandated to use other methods to curb its declining population. Similarly, increasing the rates of employment for the elderly is also a temporary solution. Therefore, the recommendations in this paper mainly revolve around improving immigration regulations so the country can augment its economy.

To begin with, Japan should allow more foreign workers to find employment in the country. There appears to be agreement among the different foreign worker regulations to move toward allowing more highly trained foreign professionals. According to Lowell and Allan (19), meeting individuals from various social and cultural backgrounds fosters the development of fresh ideas, which results in a development in areas where innovation is essential. Implementing such policies will significantly improve the economy of the nation, which might subsequently result in increased rates of births. Furthermore, with an improved economy, policies such as the Child Benefit Act may be revised, and the cash benefit improved to encourage more Japanese to have children.

Secondly, Japan should also accept more unskilled foreign workers. While there will be justified fear that foreign employees may take work belonging to Japanese citizens, several industrialized economies have implemented “labor market testing,” which stipulates that a surge in the inflow of foreign employees must not harm the job prospects of local laborers (Devadas). Further, the decrease in population also indicates a labor shortage, justifying the need for more unskilled immigrant workers. Additionally, allowing more unskilled immigrants into the country should allow domestic workers who gained advantages from Japan’s sophisticated educational system to pursue more high-value-added jobs, creating a beneficial financial effect from immigration overall. This would also foster more people giving birth to children because they have financial security.

Lastly, the nation should include its youth in shaping its immigration policy. Bordering nations, including South Korea, have changed their immigration laws and are now more welcoming of international employees and supporting children of immigrants. Through such reformations, the nation has witnessed a noteworthy financial increase. Allowing Japan’s youth, who have a much greater stake in these issues than the typically strong elder generations, to choose immigration policy may be the wisest course of action. The economic state would increase through youth inclusion and supporting immigrant children, which translates to more marriages and childbirth rates.

In conclusion, this paper has deeply discussed the Japanese population policy, elucidating the issues that prompted the policy and potential alternatives and providing recommendations. Japan faces a continuous decrease in population primarily credited to financial insecurities among the youths. While policies such as the Child Benefit Act have been implemented to promote population increase, the emerging statistics indicate their ineffectiveness. This paper recommended that Japan focuses on improving immigration policies which would result in an economic increase leading to more marriages and childbirths. Overall, Japan must reform its policies to rescue its ever-declining population and improve its economic state.

Work Cited

United Nations (2015). Population 2030 Demographic challenges and opportunities for sustainable development planning https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/trends/Population2030.pdf

Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. Statistics Bureau Home Page/Japan Statistical Yearbook 2019 – Chapter 2 Population and Households, https://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/nenkan/68nenkan/1431-02.html.

The World Bank (2022) Total Population-Japan.https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=JP

Johnston, Eric. “Is Japan Becoming Extinct?” The Japan Times, 16 May 2015, https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/05/16/national/social-issues/japan-becoming-extinct/.

Yoshida, Reiji. “Abe Convenes Panel to Tackle Low Birthrate, Aging Population.” The Japan Times, 30 Oct. 2015, https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/10/29/national/politics-diplomacy/abe-convenes-panel-tackle-low-birthrate-aging-population/.

Kato, Akihiko. “The Japanese Family System: Change, Continuity, and Regionality over the Twentieth Century.” Mar. 2013, https://doi.org/10.4054/mpidr-wp-2013-004.

Writer, Staff. “One in Four 30-Somethings Unwilling to Marry in Japan: Survey.” Nikkei Asia, Nikkei Asia, 14 June 2022, https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Society/One-in-four-30-somethings-unwilling-to-marry-in-Japan-survey.

Child Welfare Act – English – Japanese Law Translation, https://www.japaneselawtranslation.go.jp/en/laws/view/11/en.

Lowell, Briant Lindsay, and Allan M. Findlay. Migration of Highly Skilled Persons from Developing Countries: Impact and Policy Responses: Synthesis Report. ILO, 2002.

Devadas, Sharmila. “Threat or Help?: The Effects of Unskilled Immigrant Workers on National Productivity Growth.” SSRN, 17 Sept. 2018, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3249557.