Interpersonal Communication In The Military University Essay Example


Interpersonal communication refers to the process and methods through which individuals share information, thoughts, and feelings with one another. Interpersonal communication is based on a set of indicators, including utterances, body language, eye contact, and gestures. Strong bonds in the military are built on an open and honest dialogue between members of the force. Interpersonal communication, which includes both verbal and nonverbal cues, is essential for success in the Army. Interpersonal communication is driven by the need to effectively transmit purpose and intent to achieve mutual understanding and, ultimately, the targeted outcome. Since verbal and non-verbal communication is intertwined, comprehension of both is necessary for the effective use of interpersonal communication. Army operations may benefit greatly from the employment of both forms. Military communication encompasses both the dissemination of intelligence from reconnaissance to other branches of the armed forces and the transmission of commands and instructions from superior officers to their subordinates. The army requires effective communication for the benefit of strengthened connections, raised effectiveness of operations and minimization of conflict.

Current Environment

Interpersonal skills are essential because they have an immediate impact on a leader’s capacity to lead and, most importantly, communicate. Today’s operating environment needs proactive communication in order to address the myriad of issues that soldiers and institutions must confront in a world that is sometimes tumultuous, unpredictable, complex, and dynamic (Bjornestad et al., 2021). Soldiers are allowed the freedom and latitude to use professional judgement within the mission’s direction and goal in order to properly express the aim and intent in order to achieve common comprehension. Interpersonal communication facilitates comprehension and awareness of the reality of the freedom and latitude to conduct disciplined action in accordance with army directives and objectives (Bjornestad et al., 2021). Interpersonal tact demands a comprehension of how soldiers receive and interpret instruction. In battle, telephone communication provides the necessary immediacy as a confirmation of face-to-face contact (Sanders, 2018). When operating within a global coalition, the underlying meaning of a conversation may be obscured by linguistic conventions and word choice.

Key Characteristics of Effective Communication in Army

Respect must be given for the efforts made to communicate in a second language in order to prevent the use of culturally inappropriate terms and misunderstandings (Sanders, 2018). Politeness is always needed while communicating over the phone but preparing the words in advance may help to explain one’s point more effectively and leave a favorable impression on the other party. In terms of communication, listening is just as crucial as speaking. Listening attentively without interrupting the other person to prevent misunderstanding and noise-related loss of certain facts is necessary. Similarly, the recognition and occasional remarks are crucial for the speaker to know one is paying attention and not just zoning out. The tone of the voice might suggest whether a person is in agreement or disagreement, but silence can make one feel uneasy.

The ability to actively listen is a cornerstone of building and maintaining rapport with others. Misinterpretation or disregarded of verbal and nonverbal messages may lead to a hostile workplace where people feel ignored and misunderstood (Bjornestad et al., 2021). Listening attentively is a vital military skill, one that is used often in the course of operations, during developmental counseling, and while assessing dangerous or life-threatening circumstances (Bjornestad et al., 2021). Army commanders’ ability to recognize and discuss issues with their soldiers’ physical and mental well-being and their preparedness for missions might benefit from the application of active listening skills during developmental counseling (Bjornestad et al., 2021). Considering the growing anxiety about the safety and health of the active-duty, reserve, and National Guard personnel, this is a very pertinent issue.

Face-to-face contacts are the essence of interpersonal communication. These types of encounters occur in real-time without the use of technology facilitate more productive and customized interactions. Email cannot identify facial emotions and body language. Dealing with a person one-on-one enables the formation of strong social ties and the establishment of relationships based on trust and respect (Shakeri et al., 2021). This leads to a feeling of belonging and the breaking down of cultural boundaries via human connection and shared humanity. Through communication and excellent relationships, individuals may connect to the arrangement and understand how they fit in the army, which instils confidence and commitment. It also enables chiefs and leaders to examine the competence of their followers and staff in a discrete way. In contrast to digital communications, face-to-face encounters allow for the introduction of humor and expressions of emotion, therefore including the human element. Engagement in person enhances organizational knowledge, fosters trust, and facilitates teamwork.

Military Context of Communication

In addition, effective interpersonal communication ensures that all parties are aware of their individual responsibilities in producing mutually beneficial solutions to problems. Some may argue that tact is only the ability to behave professionally or with a greater degree of compassion in order to express regard for a superior (Sanders, 2018), but respect should be reciprocal and mutually advantageous. When communicating with subordinates, peers, and superiors, tact is a vital skill that must be continually cultivated and used in order to build cohesive, successful, and effective teams. Every military commander must be capable of efficient communication. Clear writing and speaking help their capacity to create and maintain personal connections. It provides them with the capacity to command powerful groups, whether in war or on the staff. It allows them to combine purpose with the task, converting squadrons, battalions, platoons, and military staff into teams.

Obstacles for Communication

Despite efforts to improve troop interactions and organizational effectiveness, there are obstacles to effective interpersonal communication across the military. Lack of fundamental language proficiency and poor listening skills might hinder interpersonal communication. People are able to communicate with ease. However, due to the hurdles that may be met along the journey, it might become perplexing and unpleasant. Physical obstacles are the first hindrance to military intergroup interaction. These may include defined zones where only authorized personnel are granted admission, locked office doors, or the construction of barrier shields that physically separate military soldiers of different ranks by splitting them into numerous units (Dixon et al., 2020). Proximity is one of the most influential elements in forming cohesive military groups (Dixon et al., 2020). Armed forces members who have personal boundaries may consider personal benefit from proximity to each other because they are able to learn and appreciate.


In conclusion, the majority of personal conflicts in the military stem from ineffective interpersonal communication. Poor communication may result in disastrous outcomes, such as misunderstanding and the failure of a worthwhile objective. Collaboration among military people is vital. To overcome obstacles to effective communication, all military commanders must uphold the guiding principles of competence and courtesy. Because words have the power to develop or affect attitudes, they must be utilized appropriately. Active, critical, and compassionate learning approaches must be developed for successful communication. Maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships in the military requires efficient communication. Communication is crucial to the success of all Army endeavors. The objective of communication is to convey a message to others in a manner that is comprehensible to both the sender and receiver. It promotes trust and respect among teams that communicate successfully.


Bjornestad, A., Olson, S., & Weidauer, L. (2021). Improving officer-soldier communication through active listening skills training with Army ROTC cadets. Military Psychology, 33(3), 205-215.

Dixon, J., Tredoux, C., Sturgeon, B., Hocking, B., Davies, G., Huck, J.,… & Bryan, D. (2020). ‘When the walls come tumbling down’: The role of intergroup proximity, threat, and contact in shaping attitudes towards the removal of Northern Ireland’s peace walls. British Journal of Social Psychology, 59(4), 922-944.

Sanders, A. D. (2018). Assessment of Interpersonal Communication and Counseling Skills: Perspectives from NCOs. United States: Defense Technical Information Center.

Shakeri, H., Khalilzadeh, M., Raslanas, S., & Zavadskas, E. K. (2021). What do project managers need to know to succeed in face-to-face communication?. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 34(1), 1094-1120.

The Legality Of Operation Geronimo

The legendary Geronimo was the commander of the Chiricahua Apache tribe who evaded capture by the United States government. As per Soherwordi and Shahid, the US military selected the code phrase since, like Geronimo, bin Laden had avoided apprehension for years (3). From the perspective of liberal autonomy, however, the constitutionality of Operation Geronimo and the 2011 assassination of Al-Qaeda’s leader Osama bin Laden, in Pakistan remains controversial. It can be considered a breach of essential human rights, independence, or retribution for the suspect’s various offenses. Accordingly, President Obama was legally authorized to execute Operation Geronimo under the United States law. It was also justified by the state’s continuous battle with Al-Qaeda. The popular opinion was completely in the support of the president and the armed units. However, both the United Nations and Human Rights Groups have voiced concerns over potential violations of international agreements.

From the standpoint of American law, Bin Laden’s death was entirely justifiable. Before this, following the terrorist events of September 11, 2001, the United States Congress passed the Declaration for the Application of Military Intervention (Mitnik et al. 163). This act authorized the President of the United States to employ all appropriate and reasonable action against any state, entity, or anyone involved in the September 11 attacks (Mitnik et al. 163). Thus, the Obama regime defended the deployment of force based on this decision, humanitarian treaties, and the laws of warfare.

Consequently, Operation Geronimo was viewed as a valid military exercise in the ongoing battle between the United States and al-Qaeda. It might even be considered an antagonistic movement in respect of assassinating individual figures. Finally, regarding public opinion, the country applauded Operation Geronimo’s accomplishment. Obama portrayed Bin Laden’s killing as a success and vengeance because, in American culture, Bin Laden was viewed as a villain. According to Chester and Alexandra, the President differentiated between vengeance and justice, explaining the latter by blaming Bin Laden for the deaths of thousands of Americans (47). Obama, therefore, delivered an address on a topic concerning national security.

However, in terms of the global response, the exercise is an infringement of the country’s laws and worldwide norms. The United Nations Charter permits foreign governments to undertake military operations in the jurisdiction of other states (Laski 58). It is not forbidden if the country is incapable or unwilling to handle the issue. However, Pakistan’s response was decisive, arguing that the move was primarily illegal (Laski 58). Although sentiments at the UN were mixed, the officials maintained that the United States offered Bin Laden a chance to plead, but he refused to acknowledge guilt (Laski 60). As a result, the execution of terrorists can be viewed as legal action to prevent future terrorist acts.

In conclusion, the United States executed Operation Geronimo, which resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden, the terrorist accountable for atrocities against thousands of innocent individuals. The American nation and the constitution validated Barack Obama’s decision for the US citizens. Whereas, the world community’s response was opaque, however it welcomed the US military’s assassination of Osama bin Laden. Even if this conduct may have violated civil treaties by trespassing upon Pakistan’s territory, the destruction of Osama bin Laden was a tremendous achievement not only for the United States but for the entire globe.

Works Cited

Chester, David S., and Alexandra M. Martelli. “Why Revenge Sometimes Feels So Good.” Handbook of Forgiveness. Routledge, 2019. pp. 43-51.

Laski, Piotr. “Remarks About Targeted Killing in the Light of Public International Law.” Legal Review of the University of Adam Mickiewicz, vol. 11, 2020, pp. 57-66.

Mitnik, Zachary S., Joshua D. Freilich, and Steven M. Chermak. “Post-9/11 Coverage of Terrorism in the New York Times.” Justice Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 1, 2020, pp. 161-185.

Soherwordi, Syed Hussain Shaheed, and Shahid Ali Khattak. “Operation Geronimo: Assassination of Osama Bin Ladin and its Implications on the US-Pakistan Relations, War on Terror, Pakistan and Al-Qaeda.” South Asian Studies, vol. 26, no. 2, 2020, pp. 1-17.

“Girl” By Kincaid Vs. “Why I Live In P.O.” By Welty


The stories describe the theme of the mother-daughter relationship, which is relevant in today’s world. Both writers try to convey that the mother is not just an important character in a child’s life. The entire human psyche is formed in the early relationship with the mother. The mother is the environment in which the child is formed. Moreover, its development is distorted when that relationship is not shaped to benefit the child. The novels “Girl” and “Why I Live in P.O.” have similarities and differences.

Themes of the Novel “Girl”

Jamaica Kincaid has extensively portrayed the troubled relationship between mother and daughter in her works. In addition to limiting the Girl’s sexuality, the mother’s reasoning also reinforces traditional gender roles: “This is how your father’s khaki shirts are ironed, so they don’t have creases on them” (Kincaid para 1). In this case, the mother implies that it is the woman’s task to take care of the men in her life, even in the most mundane details. Similarly, the mother dictates how a respectable girl should behave, especially if a suitable bachelor is around. The mother’s admonitions are saturated with prejudice, gender inequality, and stereotypes. In the story “Girl,” it is difficult to trace the expression of love, care, and tenderness from mother to daughter.

Themes of the Novel “Why I Live in P.O.”

In the piece “Why I Live in P.O.,” Eudora Welty raises the theme of the relationship between sisters and mothers. The narrator is the family’s eldest child, considered untalented and stupid: “And that it was as if I couldn’t learn to read until I was eight years old, and that I don’t understand how I even manage to sort out mail, let alone read other people’s letters” (Welty para 52). Stella-Rondo is the narrator’s younger sister, a spoiled brat and a real egomaniac. She came to the family home after separating from her husband and brought a child whom she claims to have adopted. This conflict is central to the plot of the story. The narrator’s mother, unlike the image of the mother in the first story, although she singles out one child, claims to treat them equally. She tries to understand the two sides of the conflict.

Similarities of the Novels

Both novels are written in the first person and can be considered credible because they are based on the writers’ experience. The stories describe the experiences of the heroines’ feelings. Although the girls are in different situations, they have one thing in common: a complicated relationship with their family, especially their mother. The mother admonishes, pressures, and humiliates her daughter in the first story. In the second story, although the mother is not as strict with her daughters and tries to treat them loyally, the narrator feels no love from the mother.

Differences of Novels

The main difference between “Girl” and “Why I Live in P.O.” is that in the first story, the mother figure paradoxically represents the colonizer and the colonized in a sense. In the second story, the mother tries to be kind to her children equally, though she does not succeed. In the story “Why I Live in P.O.,” the mother is not pressured by her daughters. Even though the younger sister brought a child into the home that no one knew anything about, there is no judgment in her direction. Stella-Rondo is not blamed for her separation from her husband or judged because she returned to the family home. There is no pressure on the women in this family, and they are not assigned any gender roles.


Thus, it can be said that both writers have in common that they are concerned with the relationship between mother and daughter. They raise this topic in their stories to draw people’s attention to this problem. One way or another, everyone has different experiences and worldviews, so there are both differences and similarities in the stories “Girl” and “Why I Live in P.O.”

Works Cited

Kincaid, Jamaica. Girl. San Francisco Examiner, 1991.

Welty, Eudora. Why I Live at the PO. University of Mississippi, Communication and Resource Center, 1987.

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