Is Canadian Society Truly Equal? Essay Example For College

Introduction

Class struggles appeared during the development of early marketing relations between people. The modern conflict primarily exists between the owners of industries and various forms of business, the affluent people, and their labor force, who belong to the lower and middle class (Corrigall-Brown, 2020). In fact, Karl Marx, the founder of the conflict theory, claimed that capitalist society is built on the principles of exploitation (Corrigall-Brown, 2020). Hence, it will eventually be replaced by socialism or the “dictatorship of the proletariat” (Corrigall-Brown, 2020, p. 101). Although his ideas were popular in the Soviet Union and still applied in China, few countries are ready to change their social structure because they seem comfortable with it. For instance, according to Corrigall-Brown (2020), many Canadians consider themselves middle-class representatives and believe in meritocracy, which means that everyone earns what one deserves. However, it does not mean that all individuals are equal in this country; thus, this essay aims to discuss whether Canada is an egalitarian state. Although some examples demonstrate the correctness of this ideology, it does not indicate that Canadian society is equal in terms of resources and opportunities for attaining success.

Main body

Meritocracy maintains the hope for a social ladder that works for hard-working individuals, but it does not prove equality in Canada. However, this ideology appears to ignore that resources are not equally distributed in society; therefore, opportunities for better healthcare, education, connections, and employment are not the same (Corrigall-Brown, 2020). Indeed, Marx claimed that workers in the capitalist society tend to develop false ideas that benefit the ruling class and prevent the proletariat from rising against them (Corrigall-Brown, 2020). Still, stating that most of Canadian society is suppressed and lives in poor conditions would be inaccurate because people form unions that negotiate better working conditions, pay, and social benefits with employers and the government. Furthermore, as Corrigall-Brown (2020) claims, “Canadian labor laws and public policies have been more supportive of unions” (p. 112). Nevertheless, people cannot be viewed as equal if power distribution is skewed because it defines access to different opportunities.

Another argument for supporting the statement that Canadian society is not equal is the existence of social status. Indeed, like in any capitalist country, people in Canada are informally assigned to a social group that can be high or low based on one’s occupation (Corrigall-Brown, 2020). For instance, lawyers or business people have high status, while a worker in a fast-food chain is perceived to have a lower position. The main reason for such distinction is probably low income in the latter, which may earn $36,000 per year, and high in the former group with an average annual income of $100,000 (Corrigall-Brown, 2020, p. 116). Although economic mobility is common in Canada based on hard work, some groups of people have poor living conditions because of the inability to receive proper education and employment. In fact, every seventh Canadian live in a state of constant scarcity (Corrigall-Brown, 2020). Consequently, the population in Canada is not equal in terms of their income and social status.

Summary

In summary, although people in Canada can rise on the social ladder, this country’s society does not have equal access to various opportunities. Individuals are informally assigned to higher or lower social class and status based on their income and profession. Moreover, some portion of Canadians are poor and seem to be trapped in the vicious cycle of low-paying jobs and the inability to get access to better healthcare, education, and employment. Therefore, despite the widespread meritocratic belief in this country, Canadian society cannot be considered equal.

Reference

Corrigall-Brown, C. (2020). Imagining sociology: An introduction with readings (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press.

The Difference Between Buying A New Car And Leasing

Cars are expensive, and their prices can be out of reach for many individuals. Even though long-term auto loans exist, it can get tough to acquire a vehicle. Luckily, car leasing allows people to drive a new car through a monthly payment typically lower than when purchased (Vincent). While the thought of buying a new car is exciting, the advantages and disadvantages of both buying and leasing new cars should be considered before making the final decision.

Advantages of Buying a New Car

When a person decides to buy a new car, they tend to be relieved from many worries. Firstly, there are no worries of exceeding the predetermined mileage or the expiry of the car’s lease. Secondly, there are no charges and additional payments for leasing a car when the loan term expires. The vehicle can retain an exceptional resale value. Furthermore, when a person can attain an adequate insurance cover, the decision to buy a new car has no implications financially in the long run (Honda Morristown). Finally, after purchasing or paying a car loan, an individual can customize the vehicle according to their choice and preference.

Disadvantages of Purchasing a New Car

Despite all the benefits of buying a car, it can be a financial burden when one decides to invest in a vehicle. Buying a car is associated with heavy initial down payments and subsequent installments that should be paid to build equity in a vehicle. Additionally, after the warranty has expired, a mechanical problem can attract massive amounts of money for repair (Honda Morristown). In addition, the car’s future value is unknown, making it risky since cars are prone to depreciation.

Pros of Leasing a New Car

When searching for a car to lease, a person does not have to worry about the enormous initial down payment when buying and other charges such as taxes and registration fees. Moreover, leasing can help lower an individual’s monthly expenditure since it does not involve the high monthly installments made on a purchased vehicle. The monthly payments made on a leased vehicle can be up to sixty percent lower (Vincent). By utilizing this option, a person stands a chance to drive the latest vehicle models after every two-three years. Furthermore, the comprehensive warrants that come with leased vehicles are very lucrative (Vincent). Usually, a comprehensive warranty for leased cars takes care of the costs associated with maintenance and repairs.

Cons of Leased Cars

One of the significant drawbacks of leasing is that a person does not own a leased car. Instead, they have to return the vehicle when it has completed its predefined mileage or after the agreement has been terminated. Consequently, if the person leasing a car terminates the lease before the contract has expired, the lessor can charge them an exorbitant amount as a fine for the same. In addition, if the car has undergone excessive wear and tear, the lease has to bear the cost of repairs (Vincent). Finally, a leased car cannot be customized according to the preference and choices of the person renting it.

While leasing a new car seems like a better deal, buying one is the ultimate wise decision that a person can make. Renting a car is a poor decision since the vehicle can be reposed at any time by the owner. Similarly, many economic risks are associated with leasing a vehicle, such as heavy fines when mileage is exceeded and repair costs if there is wear and tear on the vehicle. All these drawbacks can be avoided by purchasing a vehicle.

Works Cited

Honda Morristown. “What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Buying vs. Leasing? | Hudson Morristown“. Hondamorristown.Com, 2021. Web.

Vincent, John M. “Buying vs. Leasing a Car.U.S. & World Report News, 2020. Web.

Root Cause Analysis And Barriers Exploration

On the basis of the root cause analysis or RCA, which is “a systematic process for identifying “root causes” of problems or events and an approach for responding to them. RCA is based on the basic idea that effective management requires more than merely “putting out fires” for problems that develop, but finding a way to prevent them” (Washington State Department of Enterprise Services, 2021, para. 2). In order to effectively implement RCA, four primary goals or steps need to be integrated, which revolve around questions, such as “what happened,” “how it happened,” “why it happened…so that,” and “actions for preventing reoccurrence are developed” (Washington State Department of Enterprise Services, 2021, para. 5). In the case of the first step, a patient was given the wrong medication due to the lack of organization and structure around administering medications. The case reveals that there were several major factors, which contributed to the problem.

In the case of the second step, the wrong administration of medication happened because a nurse gave the wrong medication to a patient, which adversely impacted the patient’s health condition. It is stated that the core principles facilitate the concept of Just Culture, which encourages being open about mistakes and errors in order to effectively eliminate them in the future by improving the overall understanding about their occurrence conditions (Skybrary, 2021). The end result was that the patient became unresponsive, which required an immediate transfer to an ICU ventilator. In the case of the third step, the facts include three major factors, which include the patient room location, extra wristbands on the nursing station and the computer on wheels, and carrying several medications on a single nurse. The speculative part involves a possibility that extra wristbands increase the likelihood of inaccurate patient identification, which is further compounded by the presence of a number of different medications in a nurse’s possession. In addition, the location of the patient’s room made it difficult to call a nursing specialist for help after the adverse effects started to take effect.

On the basis of the information presented above, the recommendations and preventative actions should address changing the medication administration protocols by making the process more organized and structured in order to eliminate the possibility of errors. It is stated that “managers must provide the required personal, professional and legal support for nurses to encourage them to effectively report errors, discover the root cause of errors and take measures to prevent them” (Peyrovi et al., 2016, p. 215). Firstly, it is suggested to keep each medication type in a separate location within their assigned boxes. Secondly, a nurse needs to be able to carry only one medication type with properly identified patients, which means that each time the medication is administered, a nursing specialist is consciously aware of the patients requiring them. Thirdly, a nursing station and the computer must not be the place where the wristbands are held, and thus, these items need to be properly placed in their appropriate locations, which are patients’ wrists. Fourthly, the most distant rooms should be checked more regularly than other rooms in order to ensure that patients are safe and in good condition. Therefore, the practical use of these recommendations will mean that each patient receives his or her medications with a higher degree of precision, which will prevent similar errors in the future.

References

Peyrovi, H., Nikbakht Nasrabadi, A., & Valiee, S. (2016). Exploration of the barriers of reporting nursing errors in intensive care units: A qualitative study. Journal of the Intensive Care Society, 17(3), 215–221.

Skybrary. (2021). Just culture. SKYbrary. 

Washington State Department of Enterprise Services. (2021). Root cause analysis. Web.

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