John Quincy Adams And John C. Calhoun Essay Example

Recently, I had the privilege of interviewing President Jackson to gain insight on his perspective of the events during his presidential career. I was honored to have had this opportunity and I was able to understand how the President thought during those moments in our nation’s history. I have experienced his intelligence, his patriotism, and his eloquence. He responded to my questions with well-thought answers that I’m sure readers will enjoy, whether they support the President or not. We looked into topics such as his victory in the 1828 election, the Corrupt Bargain, and his relation to the Trail of Tears.

US History, AP: Hello President Jackson. It is my pleasure to speak with you today. I am hoping to look back through some of the most important aspects of your presidential career and ask for insight from you. Please feel free to give detailed and comprehensive answers. You can feel at ease to speak openly with me about the events and your opinions regarding them. For my first question, relate how important you feel the Battle of New Orleans was in setting up your future political career. In your answer, please include your reaction to the fact the battle occurred after the War of 1812 had officially ended.

Jackson: Thank you for having me. The Battle of New Orleans was the biggest factor that allowed me to serve the country. I helped boost our country’s confidence by using swift measures to complete the task of avoiding the British’s grasp of New Orleans. The fact that our troops killed over 2000 British men served as an image of our newfound strength as a whole. This new image of our nation allowed us to negotiate with Spain, Mexico, and Britain later. US History, AP: Please explain the Corrupt Bargain from your point of view.

Jackson: In my opinion the Corrupt Bargain and the election of 1824 clearly demonstrated how the government and the officials make their decisions that would affect the entire nation as a whole. The speaker of the House of Representatives was not thinking on behalf of the nation and the wellbeing of the citizens, but was instead basing his decision on his own personal views. It seems that Adams and Clay may have had a plan of their own. My followers did not take that lightly, however, and I appreciate their support. They helped me become President in the end because of their disapproval of the “Corrupt Bargain. ”

US History, AP: To what extent was the election of 1828 a victory not only for yourself but also for the common man? Jackson: The election of 1828 was a victory not only for myself, but also for the common man because I was a commoner myself. I grew up in the rural country and I can understand their feelings and perspectives. I did not have any formal education, so I represent those who haven’t but still want their voices to be heard in our government. I served in our military during the Revolutionary War and I studied and worked my way up. I feel that my efforts are for the benefit of the common man as that is what I am.

My supporters going against what Clay did in the previous election also demonstrates this. US History, AP: Your enemies have begun calling you King Andrew. Would you please give any reasons for this epithet? What examples from your life and career would you offer to refute this moniker? Jefferson: I’m assuming I have been given this name because of my defiance against the Supreme Court decision to stop pushing potentially hostile Indians beyond the Mississippi River. They may have thought that my actions were unconstitutional but I believed that what I was doing was for the greater good of our nation.

I am in no way like a dictator, attempting to overrule any Supreme Court decision as if I have the upmost authority. I did not go against Clay’s decision in the election of 1824 even though we all knew what was best for our country, for example. US History, AP: Explain how giving governmental positions to your loyal followers is more democratic than leaving these positions with the old officeholders. Jefferson: Giving governmental positions to my loyal followers is more democratic than leaving these positions with the old officeholders because my followers would have a better, newer perspective on the ways to run the governmental system.

The democracy that I value would keep the political program organized, yet maintain that level of understanding with the people of the nation. US History, AP: Your own vice president, John C. Calhoun, raised the issue of nullification. Why were you so strongly opposed to this doctrine that you were willing to send in troops to enforce federal laws? Jefferson: I was strongly opposed to the doctrine of nullification because the doctrine was associated with the roots of the Union. I believed it violated the idea of majority rule. In my opinion, nullification would’ve “dissolved” the Union.

I did believe that some tariffs were necessary for the production of goods and services. The country needs to be able to raise a certain amount of revenue to avoid a national debt. US History, AP: As a follow-up, what future impact do you think Calhoun’s doctrine of nullification will have on the United States? Jefferson: I believe Calhoun’s doctrine of nullification will hinder the country’s economy. The tariffs are an important factor in the nation’s economic system as it helps our revenue and allows us to avoid a national debt.

It also helps in the production of goods for national defense and security. Additionally, it would help our relations with European manufacturers. US History, AP: We will now move on to the Second Bank of the United States. Here is a copy of your Bank Veto Message for the Bank Recharter Act. Can you briefly summarize this for us, and explain why you were so opposed to the bank. Jefferson: Basically, the Bank Veto Message states that the banking system under the president that holds power and the directors is a monopoly system.

The privileges are at the expense of the public, but it needs to be fair. A good piece of the stock is held by foreigners and the rest is held by a bit of our own citizens, but mostly of the richer class. This demonstrates the government’s selfish purposes and actions. I am opposed to the bank because it relies more on foreign stockholders instead of the citizens in its own country. It is unfair to the American people who have their earnings stored in these banks for other people’s selfish gains and privileges. US History, AP: What were your main problems with Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun?

Jefferson: My main problems with Henry Clay and John Calhoun were that they were selfish; they were invested in their own gains but did not stop to think about the nation as a whole. They did not realize what would be important for the whole country in the future. Clay made Adams president because of his views against me, but he did not take into account the benefits of society. The same goes for Calhoun and his personal feud with Van Buren and his relations with the “Nullifiers. ” US History, AP: How responsible are you for what is being called the Trail of Tears? In what light do you think future generations will view this event?

Jefferson: The only responsibility I had was shifting the Indians westward, beyond the Mississippi River because of the Southerner’s desires to expand into the lands belonging to the five Indian tribes. The government spent decades attempting to remove Indians from those areas, so it was not just my doing. At times I believe that the Indians are somewhat resembling children who need guidance. What we have done by moving them was for their own benefit, as they may not have done well meshing with our society with our rules. Future generations may view this event as distasteful, but I do hope they realize why I had done this.

Review Of “Never Too Buff” By John Cloud

In his essay, “Never Too Buff,” Cloud argues that men are becoming more obsessed with their bodies and that “an increasing number of young men yearn for the steroid-boosted and buff bodies typical of today’s action heroes and weightlifters” (Cloud). Cloud effectively supports his argument using the rhetorical appeals of logos, ethos, and pathos. From beginning to end, John Cloud uses facts, statistics, and quotes from experts, which provides evidence that a real problem exists.

It may be already known to you that many women can be unsatisfied with their chest size, concerned about having acne, and are unhappy with their body so they binge eat. But did you also know that “about 40 percent of Americans who go on compulsive eating sprees are men. Thirty-eight percent of men want bigger pecs, while only 34 percent of women want bigger breasts. And more boys have fretted about zits than girls, going back to a 1972 study” (Cloud).

This is just one of the many facts that Cloud presents in his essay, making it very effective because he shows the logic. After reading The Adonis Complex, written by psychiatrists Harrison Pope and Katharine Phillips and psychologist Roberto Olivardia, Cloud uses a lot of their information in the story. This helps the readers see facts and get a better understanding. The author uses ethos effectively by making his essay sound credible. While reading this, I saw a lot of facts and Cloud was backing up everything he said.

At one point he talks about the amount of money spent on fitness, looks, and working out. Cloud backs this up with a fact saying, “Last year American men forked over $2 billion for gym memberships and another $2 billion for home exercise equipment…Men’s Health magazine had 250,000 subscribers in 1990; now it has 1. 6 million. In 1996 alone, men underwent some 700,000 cosmetic procedures”. This shows that the author knew what he was talking about. He did his research and it shows that he is credible.

He also refers to a study that was done in The Adonis Complex. The authors who wrote Adonis developed a computerized test that allowed their subjects to add muscle to a regular type body. They can estimate their own size and choose the size they would like to be. After that, they then choose the size they think women want. Harrison Pope and his colleagues gave the test to college students and found that “on average, the men wanted 28 pounds more muscle, and they thought women wanted them to have 30 pounds more” (Cloud).

Lastly, the appeal of pathos is used well in this essay. The way he connects to the readers’ matters. Cloud talks about how society has such a high image for men. Hulk Hogan admitted to taking steroids and who looks up to him? Children. They wanted to be big and strong like him because he is an idol to them. However Hulk Hogan is not being a good influence. Some fathers even walk in to stores with their 12 and 13 year old sons and want them to gain weight and muscle without the childs consent is basically what it comes down to.

This touches us and we feel emotion because its just a ridiculous thing. Cloud provided a lot of useful information in his essay that kept the audience wanting to read on. It was very informational and it was not easy to forget. It provided a great hook and although lengthy, it was packed with a lot of information. He backed up his argument which helped a lot in the reading because it was hard to doubt what he said when all of the facts were stated right there.

Elizabeth Bishop Poet, Essayist, Translator And Educator

Bishop was born on February 8, 1911, in Worcester, Massachusetts. Unfortunately, her father passed away when she was only eight months old. Her time at Vassar College marked the start of her career in literature.

Elizabeth Bishop continued to write poems even after finishing college. She lived in various places such as Paris, North Africa, Spain, and Europe before finally settling in Key West after a temporary stay in Florida. In 1946, she published her first collection of poems called North and South. Three years later, she became the Consultant in Poetry at the Library of Congress and was awarded a fellowship by Bryn Mawr College the following year. Until her death, Elizabeth Bishop remained one of the most respected writers of all time. She declined to be included in feminist anthologies because she believed that she should be recognized for her poetry rather than her gender.

I thought Elizabeth Bishop’s biography was very insightful, detail-oriented, and provided an excellent representation of her life and works. I would use this source as a presentation in class to give students a remarkable glimpse into her life in literature. Her book Collection Prose, published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux in 1984, contains personal essays about Bishop’s childhood and young adulthood, experiences abroad, and her life as a writer. While the collection is a mixture of personal essays, I must admit that her book is not nearly as good as her poems.

This book is presented in the same format as The Complete Poems, and it doubles what we have of Bishop’s writing. Her editor and friend, Robert Giroux, arranged the book according to a sketch found among Bishop’s papers after her death. He reconstructed her pungent memoir of her mentor, Marianne Moore, from nearly complete fragments. In his affectionate introduction, he brought to life the circumstances under which these pieces were written.

She was an English professor at Harvard University and was well-respected as an American poet and writer. This source is reliable because her book tells many stories and poems about her life growing up, making it very informative. The book is easy to understand, detailed about her work, and I would recommend it to any English professor or student who has not read it. As Mademoiselle says, A stunning collection… These are the kind of stories you should linger over, savor, and rediscover again and again.” (Samuel, Peggy: “Deep Skin” Elizabeth Bishop and Visual Art.)

Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010.

Academic Search Complete. Tarrant County College Library, Arlington TX. March 30, 2013.

Peggy Samuel’s article Deep Skin” provides information about her art of lyric suspension and her involvement in the museum world. She demonstrates how beauty in her work was influenced by Paul Klee’s paintings and colleges. “Deep Skin” examines how suspension functions in Bishop’s poetry, contributing to our knowledge of what is at stake in lyric suspension. The book’s core arguments draw analogies between Bishop’s techniques and those of Paul Klee, Schwitters, and Calder.

Peggy explains Bishop’s intriguing imagination and how she expresses aesthetics, integrity, and openness in her book and poems. Bishop visualizes her poetry by incorporating events into emotions and movements, ranging from small to large, making the impossible possible. In her poems, she creates containers where the lyric speaker is poised with a larger space of unknown dimensions. Stability can incline towards freedom, pleasure, anxiety or grief without overwhelming or collapsing the space of the lyric speaker (178).

This article is a reliable source for critiquing Bishop’s work as it provides good information along with quotes.

I would use this source in a research paper because it contains a lot of information about Elizabeth’s art of lyric and how she expresses herself in her poems. Although the article was easy to understand, I found it a little confusing and had to read it a couple of times to fully grasp the message. However, I would still recommend this article to students and people who have a passion for poetry because it is very interesting to read. It shows how Elizabeth’s imagination can wander into deeper places and come out on paper so remarkably.

In this intriguing journal article, Kathleen Spivack sheds light on Elizabeth Bishop’s life and her friendship with Robert Lowell. Spivack explains how Lowell introduced them and how they became close friends. She also describes how part of Bishop’s family had migrated from Nova Scotia to New England, and how she stayed in Boston. The article, titled Talent in a Teapot,” was published in the Spring 2011 edition of a Boston-based academic journal and can be found on Tarrant County College Library’s database using Academic Search Complete.

“Poetry of Place” was very important to Elizabeth as a writer, but Boston to Elizabeth never caught her imagination. She wasn’t interested in history and didn’t write about it. Instead, she focused on exotic places, poor people, sociological constraints around them, and stray animals. Her work had an eye for human interest and if you read closely, you could see the flirting, humor, sophistication and observation of her individual features. This article is reliable because it tells us about Elizabeth’s literary life as well as her family and friends. It even mentions how Kathleen’s children used to play with Elizabeth’s.

Lowell instructed Kathleen to look after herself, and she did so by becoming even closer to him. Kathleen graduated from Oberlin College and became Lowell’s tutorial student. She later became an author and professor of Literature/Creative Writing in France, where she was highly respected for her work. She received grants and was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize, among other accolades.

I would use this source in a research paper or presentation to showcase Kathleen’s works, including her poems and what inspired her to become a great writer. This article is easy to understand as it highlights the uniqueness of her poetry.

I would recommend this article to anyone who wants to learn more about Elizabeth Bishop and how her poems can transport you to another place. In Elizabeth at Summer Camp,” William Logan explores Bishop’s upbringing, including the tragic loss of her father, William Bishop, when she was just a baby. Her mother also attempted suicide by jumping from a hospital window, which deeply impacted Elizabeth and led to her experiencing imaginary illnesses and paranoia that made her feel like a criminal being watched.

Source: Logan, William. “Elizabeth at Summer Camp.” Virginia Quarterly Review, vol. 88, no. 2, Spring 2012, pp. 52-89. Academic Search Complete Tarrant County College Library Fort Worth TX March 31st ,2013.

In 1916, she was permanently confined to a mental hospital. Her doctors felt that there was no hope of recovery because her daughter had been taught to think that she was dead, according to Frank Bidart. However, she eventually recovered from it. Additionally, she moved in with her mother’s family and when her father’s parents came to see her, they were shocked to see her barefooted racing wildly through the village lanes. As a result, they took care of her and provided for her needs. This source is reliable because it delves deep into her life as a child and the kind of life she had.

William Logan is a professor of creative writing at the University of Florida and a respected writer who has appeared in The New York Times Review. I would use this source because it provides vivid information about Elizabeth’s life growing up. This article was great to read because it offers scripted, emotionally detailed stories about her. Reading this, you would feel sad for her illness and what she went through after her father’s passing. However, the article was easy to understand and made you feel as if you were there with her experiencing her pain. I’m sure many people can relate to her work.

MacAuthor, Marit In a Room” Texas Studies in Literature Winter 2008 Vol. 50 408-442 Academic Search Complete Tarrant County College Library Fort Worth TX March 31, 2013

Elizabeth Bishop emerged as a writer during the rise of fascism and composed several poems for her first collection. One reason why they did not really connect with her early work was due to the late date of its publication compared to most of her books that had appeared in major magazines for over a decade before North & South was published.

Marit explains that Bishop started traveling around the world, writing and publishing books about her journey. During her first trip to Europe, she was overwhelmed with a sense of homesickness, which she identified as a terrible feeling of death and physical and mental illness. Bishop would often say that when these feelings came over her, she felt unable to speak, swallow or even breathe properly. In 1964, Anne Stevenson received a letter from Bishop about her early work in Brazil; Stevenson went on to become Bishop’s first biographer.

This source is reliable because it sheds a different light on how Bishop writes her poems. Her work is so magnificent that it speaks for itself. I would use this source for essays, presentations, and to help my fellow classmates learn how her literature evolved. The article was easy to understand because Marit talked about traveling to different states to advertise Bishop’s work.

In conclusion, the cited sources were able to provide useful facts and information. They helped show how Elizabeth Bishop used her past and life experiences to develop her poetry.