“Jury Of Her Peers,” By Susan Glaspell Writing Sample

The short story “Jury of Her Peers,” written by Susan Glaspell, describes John Wright’s murder investigations. In addition, the author provides the domestic context surrounding Mr. and Mrs. Wright, whereby she portrays the patriarchal system that ties women to housekeeping and family care. At the same time, the narrative exposes the relationship challenges experienced by married women due to stereotypical roles bestowed upon them, resulting in domestic violence. In particular, Susan Glaspell utilizes symbolism, including the bird-cage, broken stove, and dead bird, to portray the detrimental effects of the patriarchal system of dominance on human relationships and marriage.

Notably, the term “bird-cage” is used in the narrative to represent the physical oppression and neglect women experience while confined to house chores. According to Glaspell, women are not free to work outside their home, as stated by Mrs. Peter when she identified the bird cage in Mrs. Hale’s house and asked, “Here’s a bird cage…did she have a bird, Mrs. Hale?” (6). In this regard, Mrs. Peter alludes to society’s perception of women as confined in one place, at home, taking care of the family. As a result, the bird-cage symbolizes the constraints of patriarchal dominance that relegate women to the homemaker position, requiring them to be submissive to their husbands. According to Ifechelobi, the patriarchal system requires women to remain silent since society regards them as inferior (22). In turn, men usurp authority over women due to power differences between genders. As a result, women will always feel oppressed since they cannot express their concerns and wishes due to their diminished role. Hence, the bird-cage represents the psychological and emotional oppression that women are subjected to while trying to assert their rights under their husband’s leadership.

On the other hand, the broken stove is used as a symbol of dysfunctional relationships or marriages due to the patriarchal system of dominance that severs the emotional connection between husband and wife. For instance, while pointing at the stove’s broken lining, Mrs. Peters states, “A bad stove is a bad stove. How’d you like to cook on this” (Glaspell, 11). As such, the author implies that the stove cannot produce enough heat to bake or cook, which represents the lack of intimacy in a broken relationship. According to Mshweshwe, patriarchy constitutes the oppression and exploitation of women resulting in domestic violence (2). As such, patriarchal systems influence the distribution of power between men and women, whereby the former is regarded as more powerful than the latter. In turn, the power differentials result from reinforced gender roles that require women to be subservient to their husbands and perform house-related duties. As a result, the social structure of dominating patriarchal practices affects marriage and human relationships negatively due to the unequal distribution of power between genders. Therefore, the broken stove represents broken relationships resulting from exerting more power over women due to being considered inferior.

Finally, the dead bird in the narrative symbolizes hopelessness but a realization of the need to fight for women’s freedom of expression and the negative effects of patriarchal dominance. According to Glaspell, Mrs. Peter’s eyes stared at the “dead bird” and noticed “the broken door of the cage” (16). In this regard, the dead bird implies that even though women’s fight for gender equality seems hopeless, they continue agitating for their rights amidst rejection in a male-dominated society. Ifechelobi argues that identifying and recognizing women as human beings is crucial and that both genders should relate peacefully (18). In turn, women deserve similar alienable rights as men. As a result, women’s rights constitute basic human rights that confer equality rights to eliminate women’s oppression. According to Qasim, women’s passionate desires and feelings are often suppressed, and those seeking their identity and sexual freedom are regarded as ostracized by society (385). In this regard, society only accepts women who seek to do everything according to the desires of their husbands. Hence, the dead bird represents women’s struggle for recognition and sexual identity despite the societal expectation of women to submit to their husbands.

In conclusion, Susan Glaspell’s story utilizes a bird cage, broken stove, and dead bird as objects representing power differentials due to hierarchical consideration of power. For instance, men assume more power than women because society considers women inferior. In this regard, patriarchal systems perpetuate gender inequality rights which oppress and neglect women due preconceived notion that this gender should submit to their husbands. Society expects women to remain silent and not express their desires. As a result, the patriarchal system’s social structures and practices do not result in healthy relationships and marriages since women feel oppressed and sidelined. Therefore, the author accurately demonstrated the retrogressive effects of patriarchal dominance on human relationships using the symbolic representation of objects mentioned earlier.

Works Cited

Glaspell, Susan Cook. A Jury of Her Peers. The Crowell Publishing Company, 1917.

Ifechelobi, JN. “Feminism: Silence and Voicelessness as Tools of Patriarchy in Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus.” African Research Review, vol. 8, no. 4, 2014, pp. 18–27., doi:10.4314/afrrev.v8i4.2.

Mshweshwe, Linda. “Understanding Domestic Violence: Masculinity, Culture, Traditions.” Heliyon, vol. 6, no. 10, 2020, pp. 1–5., doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05334.

America Is In The Heart Essay Example

The central theme of Carlos Bulosan’s memoir, America is in the Heart, is to debunk America’s professed devotion to equality and liberty with the blatant reality of a prejudiced society that practices racism against Filipinos. The American identity is inseparable from race, and Filipinos are subject to dehumanization by the white-majority populace. Bulosan contends that American identity is built on a social hierarchy that privileges white individuals above other minority groups, allowing the US to welcome Filipino immigrants solely for their low-cost labor rather than acknowledging their humanity. Throughout the book, Bulosan highlights the issues of racism, poverty, exploitation, and discrimination that he and other Filipino immigrants faced while trying to make a living in America. Three events highlight Bulosan’s theme.

Firstly, the Committee for Protection of Filipino Rights (CPFR) is formed to protect Filipinos from racial oppression. The CPFR’s suggestion for American citizenship offers a potential solution to the Filipino’s isolation from American society. In Chapter 41, the activism efforts allow Bulosan to enter the opulent homes of white elites. (Bulosan 309). However, Carlos and his friend are hidden when their host gets a visitor. He questions her motive, “Why did she push me into hiding when a friend of hers came into the house? Was she ashamed because of my race?” (Bulosan 309). This incident indicates that even powerful individuals who support Bulosan’s mission may still hold profoundly racist beliefs. Despite CPFR’s efforts for Filipinos’ right to live as free men, discrimination is codified into law and perpetuated by influential groups, including the government. “But the race-haters in California were also busy lobbying against it. Headed by a Congressman, with the backing of big farmers and allied interests, they fought the bill and killed it.” (Bulosan 310). This event highlights how political forces are used to maintain the status quo of discrimination and oppression.

Secondly, one of the most impactful events in the novel is when Carlos experiences a sense of victory after successfully publishing some of his written work. “I had something to live for now, and to fight the world with; and I was no longer afraid of the past.” (Bulosan 329). However, his happiness is short-lived due to an incident of racial violence that triggers Bulosan’s suppressed anger towards white Americans. Chapter 45 depicts Carlos attending a party honoring a distinguished Filipino scholar. During the event, two police detectives arrived and subjected the Filipinos to harassment. The violent and unjustified intrusion by the police detectives into the dinner party, the aggressive use of guns, and the humiliating demand for absolute silence demonstrate the arbitrary and oppressive nature of the authority exercised by those in power against marginalized communities. The shocked scholar states, “My countrymen,” he said, “is there no way to make the American people respect us in the way that we respect them?” 330. Moreover, the author “felt violated and outraged” and “thought of [his] gun lying on the table in [his] room” (Bulosan 330). The author’s emotional response to the incident reflects the profound damage inflicted on individuals and communities who have experienced extreme violence and injustice.

Finally, the children in Bulosan’s novel are not immune to the problems afflicting Filipino adults. In chapter 44, Bulosan describes a young Mexican boy addicted to alcohol. “But every day afterward the boy came into the kitchen looking eagerly for the bottle of wine. He had learned to enjoy drinking.” (324). Furthermore, Bulosan states that “I was ashamed. But we were in a poverty-stricken neighborhood. I knew that the Mexican boy was starving.” (324). The boy’s reliance on alcohol to soothe his hunger and pain highlights the destructive effects of poverty and the struggles of immigrants to cope with their harsh living conditions. The Mexican boy’s addiction to alcohol is a symptom of a larger problem; the American system’s failure to provide a sense of purpose and meaning for its marginalized citizens.

Works Cited

Bulosan, Carlos. America is in the Heart: a personal history. Penguin Book, 2019.

Creating A Communication Strategy Free Sample


WWA has to ensure that they are effectively communicating with their audiences, who include the loved ones of Flight 979 passengers, the company’s stakeholders, and the company’s workers. This communication must meet the specific informational and emotional demands of each target audience (Barth-Obi, 2022). WWA may establish and maintain its credibility in its job and give assistance and information to its stakeholders via a cooperative and open communication style, a courteous and empathetic attitude, and the use of many channels. This article will explore the best methods and mediums for reaching these demographics.

Define three distinct and varied audiences

The loved ones of Flight 979 passengers are WWA’s primary focus in this situation. It is important to remember that the people listening to you are experiencing a wide variety of emotions, from fear to sadness, and to approach your message with empathy (Conz et al., 2023). WWA must keep this audience abreast of all developments and leads in the search for the flight, as well as all efforts made to find it. Moreover, communication should be provided in several different languages and adapted to each person, considering their location and cultural background.

Stakeholders, including shareholders, investors, and INTERPOL, are WWA’s second target demographic. The company’s credibility and image depend on its ability to show that it is dedicated to safety and openness. Truthful and accurate updates on the situation, including progress made in tracking down the flight and any discoveries or leads, should be shared with this audience (Robyn, 2014).

Third, WWA should talk to its staff, both those who were engaged in Flight 979 and those who were not. When communicating with this group, it’s important to emphasize empathy and comfort as well as facts and figures. Employees should be given psychological services and other tools to help them deal with the circumstance, and their efforts to track down the aircraft and comfort the passengers’ loved ones should be acknowledged (Cremer & Hübner, n.d.).

Examine the major concerns that each audience has related to the scenario.

The loved ones of those on-board Flight 979 presumably have many worries about the situation, particularly for their safety and that of their loved ones. They will want to know what’s going on and whether there have been any breakthroughs or new leads (Barth-Obi, 2022). They will also want to know that WWA is making every effort to track down the flight and that they may rest easy. The reputation of WWA and its financial standing is likely to be of concern to the company’s stakeholders. They will be concerned about the company’s image and want to know what has been done to find the flight. They would want the organization to be straightforward and honest with them.

Workers at WWA will certainly worry about their own and their coworkers’ safety, as well as the possible effects of the crisis on their employment prospects. They will want information about the problem as well as comfort and help from the firm. To cope, they’ll need to be aware of the options open to them.

Briefly analyze which audience is your biggest responsibility. Provide your rationale.

In this situation, my first obligation is to the loved ones of those who perished on Flight 979. Since members of this target audience are probably experiencing a wide variety of feelings, from fear to sadness, it’s important to approach communication with them with empathy and sensitivity (Barth-Obi, 2022). WWA must keep this audience informed of the latest developments and leads in the search for the flight, as well as the steps being taken to find it (Robyn, 2014). Moreover, communication should be provided in several different languages and adapted to each person, considering their location and cultural background.

The passengers’ family members will feel the impact of this tragedy the hardest, therefore they must get the help they need during this trying time (Conz et al., 2023). For them to make educated choices, they must be provided with complete and up-to-date information. The way WWA deals with the passengers’ loved ones will undoubtedly reflect on the company’s image and integrity. The company’s image may suffer if its representatives are seen to be indifferent to or uninterested in the customers’ problems. Therefore, WWA must communicate with this demographic respectfully and thoughtfully.

The last challenge will be communicating with the travelers’ relatives, who may be experiencing a wide variety of emotions and who may come from different cultural backgrounds and locations (Conz et al., 2023). WWA should take an effort to learn about this demographic and adjust its messaging appropriately. This is why I consider the loved ones of those aboard Flight 979 to be my first obligation. WWA should try to know its target audience well and provide them with what they need to get through this challenging moment.

State your purpose and focus for each audience.

The families of the people who were on Flight 979 need to be kept in the loop about any new developments or leads in the search for the aircraft and the steps that have been taken to follow them up. Recognizing cultural and geographical diversity and providing communication in many languages are also important (Robyn, 2014). It’s also crucial to reassure this demographic that WWA is making every effort to track down the flight.

Communicating with WWA’s stakeholders should be driven by a desire to keep the company’s good name intact and to show that it is dedicated to safety and openness (Cremer & Hübner, n.d.). Truthful and accurate updates on the issue, including any steps made to track down the flight or any discoveries or leads, should be shared with this group. Communicating with WWA staff should serve to reassure and assist them while also disseminating any necessary information. Employees should be given access to counseling services and other means of coping with the event, and their efforts to track down the aircraft and comfort the passengers’ loved ones should be acknowledged and commended.

Share two strategies that you will use based on your communication style to create and maintain credibility in your role.

To start with, I will approach all of my interactions with the people who may be affected by this situation cooperatively and transparently. This implies that I will be forthcoming with information in all of my dealings and welcoming inquiries and criticism. This will help me build and maintain credibility in my position by showing that I respect the opinions of my stakeholders and consider them when making choices (Robyn, 2014). Second, in my interactions with others, I will be polite and sympathetic. This implies that I will carefully consider the specific interests of my target audience and craft my messages accordingly. This will help me establish and sustain my credibility in my position by showing that I care about and am dedicated to meeting the demands of my various target audiences (Robyn, 2014).

For each audience, explain the channels you will use to inform them. For example, if you want to contact shareholders, be specific on how – would you use social media, TV newscasts, live presentations, individual letters, etc.? Explain your choices and how they might be effective.

I plan to reach out to the loved ones of the people on Flight 979 via the news media, broadcast media, social media (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram), and regular mail. Because information may be communicated in a variety of languages and across borders, traditional media is the best approach to reach a large and scattered audience (Robyn, 2014). Direct mail and social media are especially useful for reaching this demographic since they allow for more individualized contact and may be used to reassure and console loved ones at a distance.

I will communicate with and enlighten WWA stakeholders using conventional media, social media, and direct mail. As information may be communicated across various languages and nations, traditional media is the most efficient approach to reach a large and geographically dispersed audience (Robyn, 2014). Direct mail and social media are also useful tools for reaching this group since they provide more individualized communication that is catered to the demands of the stakeholders.

Internal communication channels including email, the intranet, and internal message systems will be used to educate and address WWA staff. Employees may get more relevant and individualized information and assistance via these channels (Barth-Obi, 2022). It also facilitates the dissemination of any fresh information, new leads, or efforts to track down the flight. It is crucial to keep all stakeholders abreast of any developments or leads, as well as any actions done, in the search for the flight via a variety of channels. The use of various channels permits more specific and relevant messaging to each audience, which is crucial in this case.


In conclusion, WWA must develop and maintain strong lines of contact with its target demographics. This communication must meet the specific informational and emotional demands of each target audience. WWA may establish and maintain its credibility in its job and give assistance and information to its stakeholders via a cooperative and open communication style, a courteous and empathetic attitude, and the use of many channels. In this way, WWA can reassure its constituents that they have the information and emotional backing they need to weather the storm.


Robyn, W. (2014). Strategic Management Communication for Leaders – Walker, Robyn: 9780999486115 – AbeBooks.

Barth-Obi, C. (2022). Crisis management: prevention, diagnosis, and intervention On basis of Amazon Inc (Doctoral dissertation, Private Higher Educational Establishment-Institute “Ukrainian-American Concordia University”).

Cremer, H., & Hübner, C. Responsibility for basic and human rights following the withdrawal from Afghanistan.

Conz, E., Denicolai, S., & De Massis, A. (2023). Preserving the longevity of long-lasting family businesses: a multilevel model. Journal of Management and Governance, 1-38.