Governor Greg Abbott has been objective in signing significant bills into law in Texas. The Republican leader has also vetoed various bills attributed to dynamic reasons entailing efficiency and effectiveness in time and financial resource management. This discussion aims at analyzing bills vetoed by the governor of Texas on June 15, 2019. I agree with the governor’s decision to veto the following bills due to justified reasons. The vetoing process comes before the last regular session of the Texas Legislature on June 16, 2019 (Redlawsk, 2015). To begin with, the governor vetoed a bill on policies relating to identified recess periods implemented in public learning institutions. The bill (House Bill No. 455) was sponsored by Watson on good intentions of benefiting students during recess periods. The governor vetoed the bill citing added bureaucracy to existing legislative processes and procedures on the State and respective school districts. It implied that additional policies guiding academic institutions’ activities would overwhelm the State’s regulatory representatives at district levels.
The governor’s decision acknowledged the good intentions of this bill but failed it on reasonable grounds. When critically perceived, the State implements vital legislation regarding academic standards in public schools. Recess periods constitute an integral part of academic progress measured in extra activities. Students benefit from scheduled breaks that are strategically guided by a school’s administration. Vetoing the bill saves the State of additional bureaucratic processes entailing the recess periods. Passing it into law would imply additional protocols stipulated by the State health officials already mandated with other public services (Hopkins, 2018). Governor Abbott was strategic in vetoing the bill as it would cause inefficiency of the administration due to the State’s involvement. It would be tactical if schools’ administration developed recess policies at an internal level that suits students’ needs from different perspectives. Ideally, this would contribute to high competition in both learning and physical activities.
Moreover, the governor vetoed a bill related to offenses of weapon possession in secured points within an airport. This bill (House Bill No. 1168) was sponsored by West intended to increase security in airports that record growing violence due to gun possession. This bill was considered objective in enhancing emergency response by local security officials within airports. Normally, an airport facing gun threats would wait for federal agents for assistance (Young, 2019). The bill, therefore, would be instrumental if state security officials responded effectively to such threats. Threats of gun violence at an airport’s tarmac would be avoided if the bill was passed into law. However, the governor noted that the bill could override similar policies at other checkpoints within the airport, such as the Transportation Security Administration (TSA). When keenly perceived, the governor was objective in vetoing the bill for vital reasons.
Residents of Texas engage in various activities that involve guns, as noted by Governor Abbott. The State head of Texas acknowledged hunting would be negatively affected by the bill. Individuals who like hunting would have to leave their guns at home to comply with the legislation. As a result, the bill would receive public criticism from residents who find carrying guns as a security strategy of visiting remote and dangerous terrains. The State would also encounter negative economic incomes if the public felt insecure about visiting local airports without guns. Security was critical to the governor, who intended to continue with existing gun policies in and around the airport (Redlawsk, 2015). Most importantly, the TSA checkpoint was already in existence, and its security intervention would avert any threats of gun violence. Consequently, the State governor was justified for vetoing a bill that would introduce an imbalance of roles and responsibilities of existing security policies protecting local airports in Texas.
In addition, regulating game rooms is an important social practice intended to protect the public from immoral actions in Texas. The rise and popularity of video games have promoted the emergence of paid services in Texas’s local counties. However, not all local authorities can regulate game rooms like other counties. The bill (House Bill No. 389) intended to empower county authorities with legislative mandates of controlling game rooms at local levels. This would protect the State from malpractices associated with the location of game rooms around religious and education institutions. Unfortunately, the bill was vetoed by Governor Abbott, arguing that vital amendments had been made under House Bill No. 1404 (Governor Abbott vetoes HB 1404. 2019). The governor noted that the substantial elements of the bill will also be discussed in subsequent bills.
In conclusion, Governor Abbott has been strategic in vetoing certain bills, as presented above. The State of Texas has benefitted from legislative action that would interfere with vital operational activities in public domains. The governor vetoed a bill intended to prevent additional bureaucratic processes to the state department on education. Disapproving gun regulation practices at local airports by the State leader is strategic in protecting traditional hunting activities such as hunting. Individuals traveling via local airports were allowed to carry their guns despite increasing threats of violence. Most fundamentally, the governor has been tactical in pushing legislative action on bills that represent a real change to Texas residents. Vetoing has saved the State government time and resources that arise from overriding and redundant provisions.
Governor Abbott vetoes HB 1404. (2019). Office of the Texas Governor | Greg Abbott.
Hopkins, D. J. (2018). The increasingly United States: How and why American political behavior nationalized. University of Chicago Press.
Redlawsk, D. P. (Ed.). (2015). The American governor: Power, constraint, and leadership in the states. Springer.
Young, S. (2019). Catching up with Texas gov. Greg Abbott’s veto pen. Dallas Observer.
Critical Thinking And Transgender Ethics
Sexual orientation and preference is a debated and complex topic involving biological aspects, including hormones, which can alter and change people’s behavior and feelings. Equally, sexual orientation elicits various ethical issues, including discrimination and alienation. Thus, transgender people cannot be generalized to limited ascriptions that male-to-female transsexual persons prefer males as their sexual partners because these people experience various biological changes that cannot be extrapolated.
Biological changes are common among transgender people implying varied sexual attraction preferences. For example, in a study, 22% and 33% of trans-sexual men and women reported changes in sexual attractions (Auer et al., 2015). The findings support the fact that transgender persons have varied sexual interests that cannot be limited. In more recent studies, Katz-Wise (2016) and Fein et al. (2018) also note that the sexual preferences of transgender people occur after the social transition. Thus, cross-sexual people have various sexual partners, particularly cisgender, but they change as individuals transition. Generalization of trans-sexual people’s sexual preferences is an example of ethical misconceptions about transgender people as identified by Kimberly et al. (2018). Thus, there is a need for sensitization through transgender activist movements to educate the public about the biological issues facing transgender individuals.
In conclusion, it is unethical to generalize about the sexual attractions of epicene. The reason is that these people experience various changes in their sexual preferences due to the involvement of biological aspects and hormones. Thus, the inference of these sexual preferences is a form of misconception, an ethical issue that transgender people experience. To solve this problem, there is a need to support transgender activist movements in sensitizing communities about facts and the experiences of transgender individuals.
Auer, M. K., Fuss, J., Höhne, N., Stalla, G. K., & Sievers, C. (2015). Transgender transitioning and change of self-reported sexual orientation. PLoS One, 9(10), 1−11.
Fein, L. A., Salgado, C. J., Sputova, K., Estes, C. M., & Medina, C. A. (2018). Sexual preferences and partnerships of transgender persons mid-or post-transition. Journal of Homosexuality, 65(5), 659−671.
Katz-Wise, S. L., Reisner, S. L., Hughto, J. W., & Keo-Meier, C. L. (2016). Differences in sexual orientation diversity and sexual fluidity in attractions among gender minority adults in Massachusetts. The Journal of Sex Research, 53(1), 74−84.
Kimberly, L. L., Folkers, M. K., Friesen, P., Sultan, D., Quinn, P. G., Bateman-House, A., Parent, B., Konnoth, C., Janssen, A., Shah, D. L., Bluebond-Langner, R. & Salas-Humara, S. (2018). Ethical issues in gender-affirming care for youth. Pediatrics, 142(6), 1−9. Web.
“Doughnut Economics” Book By Kate Raworth
Kate Raworth’s book “Doughnut Economics” (2017) opens up the reader’s mind to the new possibilities within the modern world of economics. The author shares intriguing insights about the global market and the economic opportunities that individuals, entities, and the government should consider in their quest for returns on investments (Raworth, 2017). Further, Raworth presents compelling viewpoints on the strategies that should be explored in the process of transitioning to a sustainable world. This paper presents an in-depth review of the book “Doughnut Economics” (2017) by Kate Raworth.
Aim of Raworth’s Book
Raworth’s book aims to challenge the theoretical framework of the rational economic theory by positing that it fails to address the modern economic environment’s concerns. Furthermore, Raworth (2017) highlights the need to promote sustainability in the economic model design. The author further attacks the premise of balance and equilibrium from which rational economics theories are drawn (Raworth, 2017). The author argues that it is possible to realize the equal opportunity for all by redesigning economic models with humanity’s touch. In this regard, Raworth (2017) dismisses the capitalistic perspective in rational economics, whereby capital owners multiply their wealth, whereas the struggling majority continue being economically challenged. In summary, the book “Doughnut Economics” aims at fixing mainstream-economics by introducing seven strategic approaches through which the integration of humanity into economic frameworks achieves the needs of all individuals on the globe.
The Book’s Response to Author’s Objectives
Undoubtedly, the book responds effectively to the objectives outlined by Raworth Kate in her challenge of the mainstream-economics. In the presentation of the seven strategies and approaches through which the mainstream framework can be altered to incorporate the aspect of humanity for the realization of collective prosperity for the individuals on the planet. In the first approach outlined in the book, Raworth recommends a change in the goal by shifting focus from the Gross-Domestic-Product (GDP) to the Doughnut (Raworth, 2017). In the second strategy highlighted in the book, Raworth challenges modern economists to have a big-picture view of the economy. In this regard, Raworth urges economists to embrace an embedded economy and shift from a self-contained type of market.
Further, in the third strategy, Raworth highlights the need to nurture (foster) human nature and shift from the rational economic man’s view and factor in the aspect of social-adaptable humans. The fourth plan set out by Raworth aims at inspiring modern economists to get knowledge about the operations of systems by appreciating dynamic complexity. In the fifth and sixth approaches, the author outlines design models for distribution and creation for regeneration, respectively (Raworth, 2017). In the last response to the author’s goals, the book Doughnut Economics (2017) influences modern economists to develop an agnostic view about growth.
Feasibility of Raworth’s Model
Agreeably, I have a strong conviction that the economic model proposed by Raworth in the book is achievable and realistic. The feasibility of the model by Raworth lies in its proposition for a change in perspective from the mainstream approach to economics to a more practical and sustainable economic approach. For instance, the rational-oriented economic model failed to address the economic crisis’s concern since its recommendations lacked practical execution (Raworth, 2017). However, the model outlined in Raworth’s books advises economists to consider a shift from the traditional GDP approach and embrace a compelling and sustainable model of the doughnut economy. In this regard, I would consider the Doughnut Economic approach, especially due to its focus on finding solutions to the pressing economic issues in the global and domestic markets.
Effectiveness of Explanation of Theories
In my view, the book is extremely successful in providing explanations of the concepts and models that it highlights in the text. For instance, the use of illustrations in different sections of the book helps to enhance the reader’s understanding. Besides, the illustrations are essential in demonstrating the practicality of the economic models presented by the author. Agreeably, the Doughnut Economics matter is concisely, and comprehensively explained in the book for the reader’s simple analysis and review (Raworth, 2017). Indeed, I deeply feel and think that the models and theories presented in the book have a firm basis and foundation that inclines the element of sustainability and progress for humanity. The author shifts the reader’s focus from the traditional economic theory premised on equilibrium points to a more value-based economic approach contained in the doughnut principles.
The comprehensive review of Raworth Kate’s book “Doughnut Economics” (2017) has been effective for the discussion from the perspective of analysis. Raworth’s text aims at challenging the framework of the rational economic theory, which she claims fails to address the concerns of economic crisis. The book responds satisfactorily to the objectives outlined by Raworth Kate in her challenge of the mainstream-economics through the presentation of the seven (7) strategies. Without a doubt, I have a strong belief that the economic model proposed by Raworth in the text is attainable and practical.
Raworth, K. (2017) Doughnut Economics: Seven ways to think like a 21st century economist. White River Junction: Chelsea Green Publishing.