Knowledge Management In Healthcare Sample Assignment

Managing activities in medical organizations is an expensive process that is dependent heavily on knowledge flows and communication among various stakeholders that generate external and internal knowledge. A rapidly changing environment that exists nowadays has influenced healthcare organizations and made executives look for knowledge management systems that would structure a significant amount of data that appears in the institutions. This paper will discuss the critical areas of knowledge management in healthcare, examples of baked-in knowledge, and cost evaluation for an EHR application.

There are several critical areas of knowledge management that experts indicate. Usually, it is stated that the central fields of knowledge management are people, processes, information technology (IT), and strategy (Harper, 2019). Narrowing the areas that might be the most essential for the healthcare field, it can be suggested that people and IT are the most influential in knowledge management. Experts highlight the crucial impact of IT systems on the healthcare industry, stating that IT programs can improve healthcare services measurement, facilitate the flow of data across organizations, and effectively utilize existing knowledge (Haughom, 2014). As people in healthcare institutions, including patients, doctors, managers, are the principal carriers of information, people can be the second central area of knowledge management in healthcare. Specialists note that knowledge management programs are operated by people and help medical professionals to provide effective decision-making (Haughom, 2014). Therefore, the sphere of people is in charge of introducing knowledge management systems in healthcare organizations.

The utility of baked-in knowledge lies around effective decisions, reduction of medical and management mistakes when relevant information and knowledge is tied to a specific subject. One of the examples of baked-in knowledge in a financial workflow in healthcare organizations is automated billing information. Billing codes can be integrated into electronic medical records and help medical managers to indicate which services are provided to a patient and automatically generate bills for the payment. Another example of baked-in knowledge is an order management system embedded in medical records systems and procurement programs. Doctors always require specific drugs that they may order, indicating it through online medical records. The order management system can track financial expenditures and order needed treatments in bulks, achieving economies of scale. The third example of baked-in knowledge in the financial workflow is alerts in an electronic medical record system that indicates when specific drugs can be bought at a lower price or are running out. In this case, baked-in knowledge connected to patient management may improve financial decision-making when patients urgently require certain drugs or prioritize financially vital services that should be provided to patients.

Imagining the possible cost evaluation for an EHR application in a healthcare organization, several areas can be emphasized. First, estimated project costs should be provided, in the case of EHR, an organization might spend $2,000 in software, $5,000 in hardware, $3,000 in implementation, $1,000 in support, and incur $1,000 in productivity loss (Wang & Biedermann). Overall, the expenditures for the initial year will be $12,000. Second, estimated benefits should be calculated based on historical data; the cost of chart pulling might be $2,000 if the cost of one chart pull is $4, and 500 charts will be saved. Additionally, $2,000 can be saved on transportation in the second year of introduction. Overall, the flow of costs might look as follows: -$12,000 outflow in the first year, +$4,000 inflow in the second year, and coverage of initial expenditures to -$8,000. Following the trend, the healthcare organization might get financial and performance benefits after implementing an EHR.

To conclude, one can say that knowledge management systems emerging nowadays can bring different benefits for healthcare organizations that can utilize them. Knowledge management helps to enhance quality outcomes and financial results that positively influence the state of patients that get services. Therefore, healthcare institutions should carefully assess possible costs and benefits and introduce new systems to facilitate the flow of data and communication among various stakeholders.

References

Harper, M. (2019). What are the best four components of knowledge management? The American Productivity & Quality Center. Web.

Haughom, J. (2014). Knowledge management in healthcare: It’s more important than you realize. Health Catalyst. Web.

Wang, T., & Biedermann, S. (n.d.) Running the numbers on an EHR: Applying cost-benefit analysis in EHR adoption. The American Health Information Management Association. Web.

Theme In Glaspell’s “Trifles” And Hansberry’s “A Raisin In The Sun”

Introduction

Words, especially sincere and true ones, are people’s most powerful and influential weapons. They can go deep into humans’ hearts and souls and touch the innermost and most essential parts. Some crucial concepts, including dreams, freedom, equality, fairness, and family, are sometimes so difficult to discuss that persons decide not to talk about them. Great writers use their inner power to allow words to influence people and make them think about the most essential concepts and ideas in the whole world. A Raisin in the Sun, play by Lorraine Hansberry, and Trifles, Susan Glaspell’s one-act, are exactly those literary works that do not leave readers indifferent and touch the strings of their souls with gentle power. The purpose of this comparative drama essay is to discuss these two plays’ similar themes – gender differences and the role of women in those times.

Common Theme: Gender and Feminism

The main characters of both plays are men and women, and their interactions with each other are explored by the authors. Therefore, gender inequalities, various types of women and men, and the influence of society on the lives and roles of female characters are in particular attention. Though this gender and feminism theme is common to A Raisin in the Sun and Trifles, there are some similarities and differences in its developments.

A Raisin in the Sun: Gender and Feminism

It is possible to say that this play anticipates the massive and extremely necessary changes in the relations between men and women, including the Sexual Revolution and the rise of feminism. In A Raisin in the Sun, there is partial equality between the main male and female characters, though it is not appreciated by some of them. Interestingly, it is possible to suggest that the play’s protagonist’s belated rise to manhood simultaneously represents the dominance of fathers and sons in the family and the need for equality between women and men.

Walter and the Manhood

To begin with, the play is woven with the notions of femininity and masculinity, which appear to be different from the points of view of the characters. The play’s both antagonist and protagonist, Walter Lee Younger, represents the typical mid-twentieth-century African-American man’s perspective regarding the role of males and females. Walter perceives saving the family from poverty as his duty and does not even want to listen to his mother’s, wife’s, and sister’s advice. At the same time, he is outraged by Mama’s position as the head of the family, which limits him to the status of a “child” in his own home and does not allow him to finally enter manhood.

Precisely the concept of manhood is used by Walter to justify the fact that his wife has to care about him, and Mama should give him money. Moreover, instead of encouraging his sister Beneatha to become a doctor and fulfill her dream, Walter tries to make her get married, which also highlights men’s views regarding women’s roles. The fact that he changes his attitude at the end of the play leaves a double impression. First, he becomes the “head of the family,” which signifies the dominance of men of that time. Second, Walter finally starts to listen to his Mama, sister, and wife, and his views change for the better, which provides hope for the role of women becoming more significant.

Different Women of the Play

It is fair to notice that the female characters of A Raisin in the Sun also have various ideas regarding their roles and duties. Mama is the representative of an older generation’s perspective. Her priority is the family’s wellbeing, and she sincerely cares about all its members. Though she does not approve of Ruth’s consideration of abortion and Beneatha’s progressive and partly un-Christian ideas, she is always by their side. Ruth, Walter’s supportive and caring wife, has similar ideas and is relatively comfortable with her role. Her thoughts about abortion, which was prohibited at that time, are probably the only sign of the necessity of feminism.

As for Beneatha, who does not perceive marriage as the only fate of a woman and dreams of becoming a doctor, she provides a feminist, independent, and young perspective. Out of the play’s women, she is the only one who disagrees with the role and duties of women and aims at achieving more. Beneatha’s presence in A Raisin in the Sun probably represents the feministic ideas of the author and proves that changes are required and will follow soon.

Trifles: Gender and Feminism

Unfortunately, this play is not as inspiring and hopeful as A Raisin in the Sun, and its female characters have less hope. To begin with, Trifles portrays men who feel and use their power to dominate and suppress women, as well as females who unite and support each other. Minnie Wright, one of the play’s main characters, kills her unkind and abusive husband after years of suffering the difficulties of living with him. Numerous symbols prove her inner struggle, distressed mind, and emotional instability. In her youth, she was innocent, joyful, and happy, but her marriage and the necessity of fulfilling the duties of a woman broke her. It becomes evident from the play that Minnie’s husband made her stay at home, do household chores, remain isolated from other people, and be a good and proper wife. Such abuse and isolation, as well as the role of an obedient and humble woman, were common at that time.

What is more, one of the main ideas of Trifles is that gender differences and women’s suppression may be fought by unity. Mrs. Peters, the wife of the sheriff, and Mrs. Hale, the neighboring farmer’s spouse, find some evidence that it was Minnie who murdered John Wright. However, after uncovering proof that her husband was an abuser, the two women decide to hide evidence and make it harder for their husbands to prove Minnie’s guilt. This is their small rebellion against the male-dominated society and the role of women.

Throughout the play, Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters sincerely sympathize with Minnie. They can understand her sufferings and the desire to end them because all women go through relatively the same. In Trifles, the way of murdering John Wright, who was strangled in his sleep, symbolizes the essence and horror of the female’s role. Women are in a nightmare, and the duties imposed on them by society strangle and kill them.

Conclusion

To conclude, one may say that though these plays discuss the same theme, it is developed in different ways. A Raisin in the Sun and Trifles give hope and demonstrate that it is never too late for women to stop pleasing society and start chasing their dreams. However, A Raisin in the Sun shows that not all women need this, and some may live happily while fulfilling their duties. At the same time, those females who desire to be independent and feminist have this chance. As for Trifles, it portrays those women who are driven to despair by the role of humble housemaids imposed on them, and those who hardly notice the gender inequalities.

References

Glaspell, S., & Wilson, H. (2014). Trifles. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Hansberry, L., & Nemiroff, R. (2004). A Raisin in the Sun (Reprint, Reissue ed.). Vintage.

Education Is Not The Most Important Thing In Business Success

Nowadays, the idea of personal business has become a spread one. People are eager to launch a successful enterprise; still, something stops them – education. There is a belief that degree is the key to success, but this is not the whole truth. By degree, I mean long-term studying, for instance, school, college, or university. Can you imagine how many worthy products people lose because of this concept of education? The point is, though it may bring some benefits, there are other vital things people should possess to launch a successful enterprise.

First of all, education is worthless without creative thinking and original ideas. You can be a Ph.D. in business and economics, but without a working concept, the company will not be profitable. A typical spread idea will not lead to success; as other people already have done that. It is not fascinating anymore; thus, the entrepreneur will struggle not to go bankrupt. Moreover, let us imagine, there is a perfect idea for a business, but you don’t know how to fascinate the consumer, how to present the product. The result is visible; someone will do it better than you with the help of a creative strategy. An innovative approach is significant; in such a case, education may be useless despite the degree.

Secondly, in any case, the theoretical base is not sufficient for a successful business. What is more crucial is the experience the person gains. It does not relate business mainly, despite the job, the experience is the main thing that helps to avoid severe mistakes, consequently, become successful. There is a widespread notion that life is entirely different from the textbook. Loads of successful people have started their careers at the lowest positions; as a result, they gained experience from others and became able to open their shops, café, PR agencies, etc. Without practical knowledge, people can do less than when they became more proficient in a particular sphere.

Let me provide some examples of people who despite their educational background, reached success in business. The most popular entrepreneurs – Steve Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg, Bill Gates, Henry Ford, or Walt Disney. Do you know that Charles Culpeper – the founder of Coca Cola – had dropped out of school? Folorunsho Alakija – the wealthiest woman in Nigeria – pursued her dreams to start a business, though without a degree. This list can be endless, as apart from millionaires and billionaires, other people did not obtain a degree but reached success in their enterprises and are happy with that. Also, you may have friends, relatives who are philologists, lawyers, or who are without a degree, but they found their place in business and succeed. Probably, this is just because they had an idea and a strong will to develop themselves and their enterprises. Education did not influence their moods and intentions, so why should it stop others?

In conclusion, education can be a good base for a successful business; still, this is not an essential aspect. What is more crucial is creative thinking, experience, aim, and desire; some people, not realizing this, continue to hesitate; that is why the market loses really exclusive products. There are various examples of people who, despite their degree or its absence, developed their businesses and became successful. If you want to launch an enterprise, consider education as something additional, practice, and find a personal creative approach to the issue. Maybe your company will become as famous as other outstanding enterprises are.

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