Leonardo Da Vinci: Most Talented Man Essay Example

Leonardo da Vinci was born in Anchiano, Italy on April 15, 1452. He was son to a poorly woman named and a wealthy man Ser Piero, da Vinci was raised by his father and his stepmother. Around age five, he moved with nearby Anchiano where he lived with his uncle and grandparents. Da Vinci received little education beyond basic reading, writing, science, and mathematics, but his artistic talents were shining from an early age. At the age of 14, “Leonardo began an apprenticeship and learned a variety of technical skills including metalworking, leather arts, carpentry, drawing, painting and sculpting with the noted artist Andrea del Verrocchio in Florence”(Web). This helped in the future with Da Vinci’s interest in inventions. At the age of 20, da Vinci qualified for membership as an artist in Florence’s Guild of Saint Luke and established his own workshop. In 1478, da Vinci received his first commission by himself inside Florence’s Palazzo Vecchio.

Although da Vinci is known for his artistic abilities, less than two dozen paintings of his exist. One reason is that his interests varied so much that he wasn’t just a painter. Da Vinci’s most famous works include the Vitruvian Man, The Last Supper, and the Mona Lisa.

The Vitruvian Man portrays a man in two positions. In one position, the man’s legs are together with arms outstretched to demonstrate the volume of a circle. In the second position, the man’s legs stand apart and his arms extend to demonstrate the circumference of a circle. The shading of the hair gives the drawing a three-dimensional graphic feel. The Vitruvian Man is a painting of the human body highlighting the nature of balance in which proportion and symmetry lend us. Vitruvian Man gave us an idea of Humanism too, a relation between man and nature, as a link between a circle and square in the portrait.

Leonardo’s painting, the Last Supper is Christ’s final meal with his apostles before Judas identifies Christ to the authorities who arrest him. Christ sits below an arching pediment. Leonardo surrounded a landscape beyond the windows. Religious people say that this heavenly sanctuary can only be reached through Christ. The twelve apostles were arranged as four groups of three and there are also three windows. “The number three is often a reference to the Holy Trinity in Catholic art,”(Web). In contrast, the number four is important in the classical tradition.

Mona Lisa, is the wife of Francesco del Giocondo. The famous portrait is on oil wood and it is most famous for its mystery. It is located today in Paris, France. “The painting, a sort of creation of nature, represents at the same time the species: the portrait goes beyond its social limitations and acquires a universal meaning. Although Leonardo worked on this portrait as a scholar and thinker, not only as a painter and poet, the scientific and philosophical aspects of his research inspired at the same time a more monumental and more lively, of his other paintings,”(Web). Mona Lisa’s soul is in the smile of the portrait. Mona Lisa is one of the most famous paintings today. The Mona Lisa alone is living: the soul is there, but inaccessible. That’s what makes it so mysterious.

Though Leonardo da Vinci may be most famous for his works as an artist, he actually spent a bit more time working on his ideas in science and technology. Leonardo developed unique new ideas about machines. “He reasoned that by understanding how each separate machine part worked, he could modify them and combine them in different ways to improve existing machines or create inventions no one had ever seen before,” (Web). Of course, his sketches played a large role in his inventions and provided evidence that da Vinci had envisioned many ideas long before the technology to build them actually existed. One of the most inventive inventors in history, Leonardo da Vinci dreamed up inventions and innovations across a variety of fields. Whether it was designing weapons of war, flying machines, water systems or work tools, da Vinci the inventor was never afraid to look beyond traditional thinking.

Leonardo da Vinci was a man was many things. He did not have the education he would have gotten today. With that being said, you can do anything you can put your mind to. If you like it, you don’t have to have an education in it. Sometimes someone who doesn’t go to school for a career like Leonardo can turn to be better than someone who went to school and had a formal education.

Animation As An Art Form

Animation or in some people’s better understanding just a bunch of cartoon shows that use to air every Saturday morning. Well animation visually comes in many forms from different channels airing on the television, from different countries, different art styles or just the genre of the animated film. It is quite impressive the more you think about it that there are so many animated films in our present days with impressive qualities that some don’t wonder how it use to look like when it all started. Well for starters what is animation, well animation is a type of film produced by either hand drawn or digitally drawn and it would be in a series of frame where each frame would involve a small moevemnet of a person or moving object. It’s almost like a flip book where if you were to draw a stick figure doing a cartwheel each page would slowly move the character until you have a full book where once flip looks as if the character is moving.

An animation film has to have a a storyboard before it all begins and has to go through various of steps in order for one to be completed. It is challenging but not impossible and once completed it will come out quite beautifully. Now the first thing that was considered close to animation was in 1871 where comic strips would be found in newspapers. Though not really a film it was believed that this was the birth of the art of animation. Leaping six years later in 1877 a man named Charles Emile Reynaud would create a device called the praxinoscope. This device was almost like a lamp but without the light bulb in the center an instead there would be a panels of small mirrors. There would be an outer layer with frames of a little girl playing with a jump rope now when spinning the outer layer the mirror panels would also spin and it spinned fast enough the mirror would reflect the frames fast enough so that it seemed as if the girl was actually moving. Charles would also invent a device called the Theatre Optique which would be a much larger device that would use a similar concept to the praxinoscope but would contain hand cranes, lights and a projector that would project the film on a screen. This lore in various folks who wanted to experience a glimpse at an animated film.

One of the films that was projected was titled Le Clown et Ses Chiens which was fifteen minutes long. Each film was hand drawn and since this was a bigger device it contains more frames which would extend the time to make a film but enlarge the minutes of that film. As time went on new faces step up to produced animated films using this device and during these times films such as The Humpty Dumpty Circus, Matches: An Appeal and The Enchanted Drawing hit the screens in theaters. Now though it was a big hit seeing an animated films during this era at the time animated films would be in the no sound and no color age where it was difficult for films to produce an color film or with sound that would be in sync with each film, though later on the years that would change. Because in 1912 the first ever short animated film that was colored was called Golliwog Land and though it was a considered a lost film it is known to be the very first ever color animated film in history.

In 1919 Otto Messmer and Pat Sullivan would create a character that would be a known mascot through its golden years. The mascot was Felix the Cat and it was indeed a huge success as the feline would star in over hundred and fifty films making theaters fill with the noise of laughter. Though like all things Felix didn’t last long as he would be surpassed later on 1929 though he did get surpassed the feline earned its right to be the first and oldest known character. Soon there would be a competition of who was truly the best at not only mastering animated films but who would surpass who. The two were Walt Disney’s Studio and The Fleischer’s Brothers Studio. Disney at the time was working on some films and at the time he was working alongside Ub Iwerks, Hugh Harman, Rudolf Ising, Carmen Maxwell, and Friz Freleng. The group would work together to create various films such as The Laugh-O-Grams Logo, The Little Red Riding Hood, The Four Musicians of Bremen and Alice’s Wonderland. He would soon go through obstacles such as bankruptcy in 1923 but that didn’t stop him as he would continue on. Soon after that incident Ub Iwerks would create Oswald the Lucky Rabbit his designs was similar to Felix the Cat but instead he would be a rabbit.

However Walt Disney Studio would lose the right to keep him and was told to give the character to George Winkler Productions. In 1928 the studio would create Mortimer Mouse a crude drawing of a mouse like character. It went through various stages until it has reach a point where the name was given to this mouse as Mickey Mouse. His first debut was a short film called Plane Crazy until his iconic and well known debut in Steamboat Willie where the mouse would be whistling while spinning the wheel of the boat. Now during the same time as this was happening Max Fleischer would be creating revolutionary arts of animation. In 1915 Max invented the rotoscope where it would help him have a huge advantage many of his films. Max was well known for his greatest production Out of the Inkwell that was in theater in 1919 where it would feature Koko the Clown. What made this film special was that it was half animated half live people or in better terms it was if both real and fictional characters shared the screen together almost as if interacting with each other.

Max was also considered that he was the first to have sound in his films while Disney was way behind with his films. Max was not only popular with those two success he was popular for the characters Bimbo, Popeye the Sailor Man, Betty Boop and Koko the Clown as those characters would not only entertain but fill the seats with folks laughing and in awe at what a simple man can create. Now Max would often use more adult humor in his films while Disney tended to avoid those boundaries and at the end of this race we all known who surpassed who. Though Disney may have won I truly believe that even though Max isn’t well known by many people he will always be the best person who not only invented great characters but a man who innovated the art of animation.

As years went on Disney Studios would still be making 2D style animated movies for example in 1950 the movie Cinderella would be shown throughout theaters. This went on until around the 1960’s while switching the channels on your television box the Flintstones would air. This was the first animation series to be put on television and of course another huge success. Sooner or later technology would improve and computers would be brought up in the animator’s desk. During this time a new style of art was created known as the third dimension or 3D. They took this new style and in 1995 the first fully computer animated film was shown in theaters the title of this film was Toy Story where both Pixar and Disney work together to make this great masterpiece. Because of this a new animation style was added in the list. Of course this was just the beginning as newer films would be made both 2D and 3D from Dinosaurs, Lilo and Stitch, Monsters Inc., Finding Nemo and etc. Because of this studios grew and animators were needed to make not only movie films but as well as cartoons for television.

Newer devices and programs would be made for the sole purpose of not only improving animation quality but make it easier as well. For example Wacom tablets would make digital drawing easier for animation and programs like Adobe Flash would be used to produce films. As years go on we are taken to now where young folks would watch these cartoons and not only be entertain but inspired to create such animated films. The best part is that animation is not only just for younger audience but for adults audience as well it aims to entertain everyone. From Adult Swims shows such as Rick and Morty to Disney XD shows like Gravity Falls. For some animation is considered just silly cartoons for kids but in reality animation is part of our history. It was our childhood to group up watching these films for the sole purpose to entertain our childhood to make some people days better with jokes and art. That was the sole person of making not only animation but art in general from comic books to painting entertaining the people’s lives. To inspire them people to be creative and inspire people that where ever you come from, whatever art style if you can entertain people lives you are doing your job.

Events 9/11 That Cannot Be Forgotten

Throughout history, the media has been the source from which most of the public receives their information on current events. The media plays a vital role in shaping how the public reacts to certain events based on how the networks deliver news and important information. The media chooses how and what they report, so they have enormous power over what information the public receives. Most of the American public was informed of the terrorist attack that occurred on September 11, 2001, against the United States by Islamic terrorist group, Al-Qaeda, through the media as it was one of the most broadcasted historical events in America.

The media portrayal of the attacks caused widespread vulnerability and fear to spread across the nation as the idea that the terrorists were able to blindside the United States government and attack the U.S. at home was heavily publicized. As a result of this devastating attack, America had been fundamentally changed forever as it had become imbedded into the culture of the United States. The national media broadcasting of the destruction of major U.S. landmarks for the government, economy, and military instilled widespread panic throughout the nation. As a result, both individuals and the U.S. as a united nation have vivid memories from that day as the images and stories became ingrained in minds of the nation. The media serves as a link between the world’s individual and collective memories of the September 11 attacks through the intense amount of coverage surrounding the event.

On September 11, 2001, millions of Americans were glued to their television screens as they watched the deadliest terrorist attack in history on American soil unfold. The media delivered the message to the American public that Islamic terrorist group, Al-Qaeda, performed a series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., which are major targets in the United States that the terrorists knew would cause extreme harm and devastation to the nation (Bergen, Peter). On this day, the lives of every American changed forever as it was an event that affected the entire nation. The media served as the main tool that created awareness among the American public of the devastating events that were happening on that day.

The media displayed the enormous amount of death and destruction that occurred, where around 2,750 people were killed in New York, 184 at the Pentagon, and 40 in Pennsylvania, as well as the 19 terrorist attackers. As hundreds of police and firemen rushed to the devastating scenes, 400 of them lost their lives as well (Bergen, Peter). Americans recall the events of 9/11 so vividly because of the fact that it was so heavily broadcasted. The media drilled information about the attacks into the American publics’ heads through the overflow stories of what happened and the replayed terrifying images. Mass media played a significant role in spreading information throughout the country about the events of 9/11. The media has become an essential part of everyday life, as it has become the main tool of communication in society. Mass media serves to link individual memories of an event to the collective memory of how the nation remembers an event as a whole.

The notion of ‘memory’ has taken its place now as the leading term in cultural history as “it has been used to explore, first, the memory of people who actually experienced a given event … then to denote the representation of the past and the making of it into a shared cultural knowledge by successive generations, and others” (Confino, 1). With 9/11, the famous images that have flashed on every television network every year since the attack have become a means for such “shared cultural knowledge”. Every American knows that the image of the planes crashing into the twin towers followed by the flood of smoke filling the streets of New York City is associated with 9/11 thanks to the media. The creation of the collective memory of 9/11 began with those who were personally impacted by the event, who then shared their stories with others. Collective memory of an event could not be made without individuals spreading their memories first. Individual memories got passed as the most famous ones were shared on every media network.

These individual stories that are relayed to the public and spread by word of mouth after the shock of hearing and seeing it eventually result in these stories being turned into a “shared cultural knowledge” for the events that occurred on that day. These stories spread across the nation and are now taught in schools and passed down to the next generations. Without the media, the spreading of these stories would not have been so easy. One person’s story was able to be shared with millions of people at once because of the media, which resulted in those stories becoming a part of the collective memory of 9/11. The media played the role of delivering mass amounts of information about the attacks to the American public at once, which have influenced how 9/11 is remembered today. Those who were alive during the event and those who were personally affected had their own individual memories of the attacks that they added to the general ideas and images that have been imbedded into the nation’s minds through the work of the media.

As a result of the mass media coverage, Americans everywhere have linked the orchestration of the events of 9/11 to Osama Bin Laden. Osama Bin Laden, the leader of the Islamic organization al-Qaeda, is a huge part of the collective memory of 9/11 as his name is linked in direct association to 9/11. The media showcased him as an enemy of the U.S. in the hunt for him, following the events. Leading up to the attacks, Bin Laden believed that the United States was weak and could easily be taken down. He referred to the U.S. as a “paper tiger”, meaning that the U.S. appeared to be much more threatening than it truly was. He then portrayed this belief onto the whole Islamic group, which eventually led to the execution of his plan for an operation to utilize training pilots who would crash planes into monumental buildings in the United States on a day that resembled safety in the U.S., with reference to the universal emergency number 9-11 (Bergen, Peter).

Following this devastating day, widespread panic and devastation spread across the United States as a result of the media coverage. The media replayed a set of images that instilled fear in the American public. These images influenced how the American people collectively remember the attacks, as the images of planes that crashed into the twin towers, a symbol for global capitalism, and the Pentagon, a symbol for military power, became tools for the instilled panic and fear that spread across the nation. As these images became ingrained in individuals’ memories, their collective memory of the event became associated with the panic that came with seeing the images of destruction of major U.S. landmarks. The media delivered the message to the nation that terrorists were able to use the tools of a modern global society, the internet, open borders, and high tech airplanes to attack the United States at home, which made Americans feel vulnerable. As a result, the media created a very drastic response, “had the world responded to [Osama bin Laden’s] attack on American with moderation he would probably have disappeared, expelled from Afghanistan or killed by his Tajik enemies” (Jenkins, Simon).

The media created the exact reaction that Osama bin Laden had dreamed of when originally planning the attack. The media actually gave him the satisfaction of stirring up widespread panic, fear, and vulnerability throughout all of the United States. The reactions that spread throughout the nation reaffirmed his belief that that U.S. was in fact weak and could be broken easily. The media led to the collective memory of 9/11 as being a day of fear that spread across the United States. It has become difficult to distinguish whether these fearful reactions were a result of the actual terrorist acts experienced, or the feelings that the media told the public that they should have through the portrayal of the events. Without the media, these reactions would have remained on a much smaller scale as it would have mostly stay with those who have their own individual memories.

The media served as a direct form of communication from the delivery of individual memories to the public that have contributed to the collective memory of the attacks. The collective memory of the attacks have been formed by combining parts from differing individual memories that were told to the public through the media, to form a unified memory that can be told to future generations and remembered for years to come. There were thousands who, unfortunately, barred witness to these repetitive images that have appeared on all of the television networks time and time again. There were many detailed individual perspectives from people on the hijacked planes, at the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and in the New York City Fire Department.

For example, husband of Madeline Sweeny, a flight attendant on the American Airlines Flight 11, learned of the attacks through her phone call that described the hijackers and how they had killed a passenger and attacked two other flight attendants. Her husband remembered her last words of “Oh, my God” as their plane struck the south tower. Her husband then took this individual sense of panic and fear for his wife and discovered more about what was happening through the media and the rest of the events to follow (Jameson, John). His individual memory of his wife was then impacted as he watched the rest of the events of the day unfold. His collective memory of 9/11 comes from what he then learned happened to his wife on television. For others, the media contributed to the formation of their own personal memories of the events of that day that contribute to the collective memory.

For example, in an interview with Robert Taddeo, a Wall Street Trader who worked in the World Trade Center at the time, he told how he woke up on the morning of 9/11 going to drive to work as usual but was forced to stop at a mechanic shop because of faulty brakes. In this scenario, he said, “My first experience of seeing what had happened was sitting in the waiting area of a car repair shop watching the building in which I should have been at, that I worked in, get hit by an airplane. I stayed at this shop for about 30 or 45 minutes longer until we had found out that it was a terrorist attack through the news” (Taddeo, Robert). The media served as a way to inform those that their lives should be put to a halt, as it hit close to home for many. For Robert, the media told him that he would not be going to work that day and that he needed to get home to his family. The media linked his individual memory of being at the car repair shop to the collective memory of the images he watched on television that instilled fear in him and the rest of America. The memories from someone who should have been in the building, that was destroyed by terrorists, compared to someone on the other side of the country was watching the events unfold on television, is a very different experience.

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