Literary Analysis Of African American Themes Sample Essay


A Raisin in the Sun, a work of African American literature, is widely read today. The book’s concepts of identity, pride, and self-worth continue to inspire individuals and organizations to combat bigotry and injustice. The play’s influence may be seen in the numerous adaptations and performances and the numerous individuals who have been moved by its powerful message.

The classic book A Raisin in the Sun reminds us of the ongoing fight for equality and justice among African Americans. American literature’s continuing importance and relevance to readers improve their understanding of its present and past.

In this essay, I will majorly focus on the negative effects that racism and poverty have on younger generations as well as the importance of family ties in overcoming obstacles and developing. By studying these subjects and how they connect to those anxieties, the essay’s author hopes to shed light on African Americans’ ongoing financial struggles.


In addition to highlighting racism, A Raisin in the Sun addresses themes of family, dreams, and the pursuit of a better life. The play centers on the Younger family, struggling financially and living in a small apartment in Chicago’s South Side. The family’s matriarch, Lena, receives a life insurance check after the death of her husband, and the family faces the decision of how to use the money.

The contrasting aspirations and wants of the family are the play’s central theme. Lena desires to spend the funds to purchase a home in a better area, while her son Walter envisions investing in a business venture, as shown by Vázquez (2021). Ruth, Walter’s wife, wants to make their home better and give their son Travis more possibilities. Walter’s sister, Beneatha, wants to be a doctor but finds reconciling her American culture assimilation with her African background difficult.

As the family grapples with these challenges and confronts racism and discrimination, the play conveys hope and resilience. The protagonists are adamant about pursuing their goals and bettering their lives, even in the face of tremendous hurdles. The play’s title, taken from a poem by Langston Hughes, alludes to the idea that even when goals are postponed or delayed, they can still motivate optimism and tenacity.

A Raisin in the Sun is still a potent piece of writing that illuminates African Americans’ realities in the middle of the 20th century and is still relevant today. The play is a timeless classic because its themes of family, dreams, and tenacity appeal to audiences from all socioeconomic levels.


Timko (2021), “In A Raisin in the Sun, Hansberry portrays the intersectionality of racialized gender roles, which demonstrates the complexities of black women’s experiences and their limited agency in a patriarchal society” takes the Younger family’s predicament from the play A Raisin in the Sun as a dramatic illustration of the difficulties that the underprivileged must face. The complex socioeconomic issue of poverty affects millions of individuals worldwide. As a result of structural injustices and systematic inequities, people and their communities typically lack access to the resources needed to live lives of dignity.

Low income, pervasive racial prejudice, and segregation in the 1950s contributed to the family’s financial difficulties, as Long (2022) illustrated. Obstacles like poverty, bigotry, and a lack of chances prevent the characters from living the lives they would like. The portrayal of the Younger family by Hansberry emphasizes the significance of promoting economic fairness, ensuring everyone has access to resources, and fostering a sense of community among impoverished people.

Although poverty is frequently seen as an individual issue, it is a structural problem that requires group efforts to address. The play highlights the necessity of cooperation and support among underprivileged groups to combat poverty and inequality, as demonstrated by Muhsin (2022). “In Raisin in the Sun, Lorraine Hansberry explores the challenges faced by African American families in the mid-20th century as they navigate social, economic, and political barriers to achieve their dreams” (p. 120). Hansberry emphasizes the value of empowering oppressed populations, fighting for economic fairness, and establishing paths for economic mobility via the experiences of the Younger family. In the end, the play offers a potent commentary on the ubiquitous and damaging effects of poverty on people’s lives, families, and communities and the pressing need for institutional change to address this serious problem.


In A Raisin in the Sun, the effects of racism and poverty on family life are explored. The tiny and dilapidated dwelling of the Younger family represents their limited economic options and the frequent discrimination they experience. The family faces that even their ambitions of owning a home in a white area are threatened by systematic prejudice when they ponder using their inheritance. Despite these obstacles, the Younger family remains committed to one another and their goals. Through their perseverance and cohesion, they exhibit the tenacity and strength of familial ties.

The piece also emphasizes how generational conflicts can develop within a family. According to Al-Shraah et al. (2023), Beneatha, Walter Lee’s younger sister, represents a new generation of African Americans who are more aware of their history and identity. She disagrees with her conventional mother, who is more concerned with practical issues, and her brother, who is more focused on achieving material success. These disputes serve as a reminder of how crucial intergenerational communication and understanding are to raising happy, stable families, as evidenced by Babb (2022). Family is shown in A Raisin in the Sun as a source of both strength and strife in the face of difficulty. The achievements and challenges of the Younger family teach us the value of tenacity, cooperation, and compassion in negotiating the complexity of family dynamics.


A significant literary contribution to the African American experience, A Raisin in the Sun is still read today by readers of all different backgrounds, and it continues to be one of the most widely read books on the subject. According to BALOG (2022), the book’s concepts of identity, pride, and self-worth continue to drive individuals and communities to fight against institutional racism and prejudice. In addition to the vast number of individuals whose lives have been altered as a direct result of the powerful message conveyed in the play, the play’s legacy can also be observed in the countless adaptations and performances that have been staged throughout its lifetime.

A Raisin in the Sun is a classic work of literature that continues to be read today and serves as a reminder of the historical difficulties that African Americans have suffered and the current struggle for justice and equality in our society. It is a crucial addition to the reader’s comprehension of American history and literature because its importance and relevance haven’t changed over time.


BALOG, P. (2022). The Racial Tensions Depicted in Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun. International Journal of Arts, Sciences, and Education, “A Raisin in the Sun examines the racial tensions that existed in Chicago’s South Side during the 1950s when the play is set.” (p. 154)

Al-Shraah, S. M., Alnwairan, M. A., & Alkhawaldeh, A. A. (2023). “American female playwrights have significantly contributed to dramaturgy and feminism by moving from the private submissive sphere to public intellectual resistance.”

Muhsin, A. J. (2022). Black Theatre and Lorraine Hansberry: A Raisin in the Sun. American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research, “In A Raisin in the Sun, Lorraine Hansberry explores the challenges faced by African American families in the mid-20th century as they navigate social, economic, and political barriers to achieve their dreams” (p. 120).

Timko, M. A. (2021) p.5. A Raisin in the Sun as feminist text: racialized gender roles, female agency and representation across mediums. “In A Raisin in the Sun, Hansberry portrays the intersectionality of racialized gender roles, demonstrating the complexities of black women’s experiences and their limited agency in a patriarchal society.”

Babb, V. (2022). “A Dream Deferred”: The Sociopolitical Context of A Raisin in the Sun. The Journal of American Culture, “Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun, reflects the sociopolitical context of the 1950s, as African Americans faced discrimination and limited opportunities for economic and social mobility” (p. 72).

Long, T. (2022). The American Dream and Its Discontents in A Raisin in the Sun. The Explicator, “Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun, critiques the limitations and failures of the American Dream as it pertains to African Americans, who faced systemic racism and economic inequality” (p. 24).

Equality, Diversity And Inclusion In Organizations Essay Example

Question: Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the Business Case arguments for promoting Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion in organizations.


Equality, diversity, and inclusion are fundamental tenets of effective management, which makes them essential components of every thriving business or organization. The accomplishment of EDI’s goals is contingent on establishing a working environment where individuals from all walks of life are respected and inspired to realize their full potential. In recent years, corporations have been emphasising EDI advocacy more because of shifting cultural norms, regulatory responsibilities, and a better knowledge of the bottom-line benefits of a diverse and inclusive workforce. This paper will discuss the primary advantages and barriers or challenges associated with addressing EDI, current contextual data in the United Kingdom, relevant academic theories or models, examples of company practices in the United Kingdom, and the business case for promoting EDI in organizations. In addition, we will look at current contextual data in the United States.

Current Contextual Data in the UK

This shows the growing relevance of EDI growth in enterprises located in the UK. According to recent findings published by the Office for National Statistics, the ethnic composition of the population of the United Kingdom is becoming more diverse as the proportion of people hailing from ethnic minorities increases (Fine, 2020). The need to address inequality in the workplace is further highlighted by statistics from the ONS revealing differences in employment and salary based on race and ethnicity. Companies in the United Kingdom with 250 or more employees are required to report gender pay discrepancies. This requirement has increased awareness of workplace policies that promote gender equality and increased responsibility for such practices. As of late, more attention is being paid to the financial benefits that might result from diversity and inclusion initiatives. Employees become more involved in the firm, innovative in their work, and productive; the company’s reputation improves, and consumers become more loyal.

Relevance of Academic Theories or Models

The Diversity Management Paradigm is a well-known academic paradigm, and business justifications for adopting EDI often base their arguments on it. According to Fine (2019), companies may enjoy the advantages of diversity provided they adhere to these three recommendations for effectively managing it.

1) Recognizing and valuing individuality and diversity

2) Promoting tolerance and acceptance of other viewpoints as a strategy for achieving peace

Instead of passively accepting and tolerating diversity, the theory emphasizes that companies should actively cultivate inclusiveness and create a synergistic culture where diverse individuals may offer their unique ideas and talents. This contrasts the traditional approach, in which businesses accept and tolerate diversity. Businesses that do an excellent job of managing their diverse workforces may obtain a competitive advantage in the market by capitalizing on their workers’ collective knowledge, inventiveness, and resourcefulness. This may be accomplished by tapping into the employee resource pool.

Examples of Company Practice in the UK

Unilever, a British company, is an example of a company that has shown its commitment to EDI. Unilever has ambitious diversity and inclusion goals, such as increasing the number of women in senior positions to achieve gender parity in the workforce by 2020 (Tzanakou, 2019). The company has established several efforts to attract and retain a diverse and inclusive workforce. Some of these initiatives include mentorship programs, flexible scheduling, and education on the dangers of unconscious prejudice. Unilever has been acknowledged as the most powerful corporation in the world to work for regarding gender parity. This achievement is mainly attributable to the firm’s commitment to EDI. This demonstrates how the organisation’s employees could benefit from a proactive approach to EDI.

Another British company that employs electronic data exchange (EDI) is Ernst & Young, sometimes abbreviated as EY. To foster equality and diversity in the workplace, EY has developed several different initiatives. Among these efforts is the implementation of inclusive leadership training for staff employees and the development of objectives for increasing the proportion of women and members of underrepresented groups in upper-level jobs (Tzanakou, 2019). EY has been recognized as one of the most welcoming and inclusive workplaces in the United States by Stonewall and the Social Mobility Foundation. This case study demonstrates how a well-planned deployment of electronic data interchange (EDI) may positively affect an organization, including better visibility and acceptance of differences among staff members.

Main Benefits of Promoting EDI in Organizations

The business case for EDI installation in businesses is bolstered by many benefits that support the argument. Because it brings together individuals from such a wide variety of backgrounds and experiences, having a more diverse workforce can initially make it easier to generate novel ideas and responses to challenges (Smulowitz, 2019). Better decisions may be made, and competitive advantage can be gained in the corporate environment when a more varied collection of individuals contribute their thoughts and points of view. Second, some evidence suggests that installing EDI software increases both productivity and morale in an organization. Workers with a strong feeling of belonging in their workplace are likelier to be engaged, devoted, and excited about their job. This, in turn, enhances efficiency and productivity because of the increased enthusiasm and dedication of the workforce. Thirdly, companies that emphasize EDI are more likely to have a favorable reputation and brand image in the eyes of prospective clients, investors, and workers.

This piece’s primary focus is determining whether or not certain wellness efforts have been successful. The absence of standardized metrics for evaluating wellness initiatives; the amount of time that must pass before measurable results from wellness initiatives can be seen; the difficulty of establishing a direct correlation between wellness initiatives and outcomes; and the difficulty of measuring subjective experiences such as happiness, well-being, and productivity are just some of the obstacles (Smulowitz, 2019). Businesses may evaluate the effectiveness of their wellness programs by setting specific objectives and targets, obtaining information on essential outcomes, doing comprehensive research, and incorporating workers’ qualitative input. Despite these obstacles, businesses may strive to evaluate the effectiveness of their wellness programs and discover new methods to enhance the health of their employees while they are on the job.

Challenges in Promoting EDI in Organizations

Despite its many benefits, electronic data interchange (EDI) may provide difficulties and barriers for enterprises. Two key obstacles are an unconscious prejudice and a lack of motivation to overcome them. Even if a person is not consciously aware that they are engaging in bias or prejudice, their ideas, judgments, and actions are likely impacted by their prior biases and prejudices (Gould, 2020). A friendly and varied place of employment free from prejudice and discrimination is the shared responsibility of all staff members, including management at all levels. Another challenge is the underrepresentation of some communities in positions of power. Likely, the absence of diversity and inclusion in senior leadership positions at many companies hinders their ability to implement significant cultural shifts and create welcoming environments for employees and customers. The decision of how much money to put aside for EDI projects and how to measure the effectiveness of EDI initiatives may take time for firms to make. EDI stands for electronic data interchange.

Advocates of EDI may discover that navigating the complexity of intersectionality is far more challenging than they imagined. In addition to racial and gender differences, “diversity” may also refer to differences in physical ability, age, religious affiliation, and sexual orientation. The overlapping nature of several identities held by a single individual may present new challenges and opportunities for experience. Every person, regardless of their color or ethnicity, should have the opportunity to participate in an organization’s diversity and inclusion efforts and should do so with the expectation that they will be welcomed and included. The company should prioritise this expectation (Gould, 2020). It may be difficult for companies to provide all-encompassing education and training programs to their staff members to enhance their awareness of implicit bias, microaggressions, and other EDI hurdles. In addition, people within an organization may resist change because they are hesitant to admit their biases, are concerned about losing privileges or positions, or misunderstand the importance of diversity and inclusion. All of these factors may cause an organization to be resistant to change.

Also, some companies may need help with measuring the performance of their EDI operations. It will take time, effort, and money to overcome these problems and create a working environment that appreciates and fosters diversity, equality, and inclusion. This is something that has to be done.


There are benefits and drawbacks to using EDI in the workplace, just as with any other business choice. The potential for greater creativity, innovation, employee engagement, and reputation are some of the possible advantages. In contrast, resistance to change, hidden prejudice, and a lack of representation at the highest levels are some of the potential negatives. Ideas and models developed in academia, such as the Diversity Management Paradigm, might provide businesses with the foundations to manage diversity and promote inclusion effectively. Companies such as Unilever and EY are good examples of businesses that have successfully implemented EDI projects and reaped substantial advantages. When it comes to cultivating a diverse and welcoming work environment, organizations need to be mindful of both the benefits and challenges that come with EDI support and take a reflective and proactive strategy.


Fine, C., & Sojo, V. (2019). Women’s value: beyond the business case for diversity and inclusion. The Lancet393(10171), 515-516.

Fine, C., Sojo, V., & Lawford‐Smith, H. (2020). Why does workplace gender diversity matter? Justice, organizational benefits, and policy. Social Issues and Policy Review14(1), 36-72.

Gould, R., Harris, S. P., Mullin, C., & Jones, R. (2020). Disability, diversity, and corporate social responsibility: Learning from recognized leaders in inclusion. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation52(1), 29-42.

Smulowitz, S., Becerra, M., & Mayo, M. (2019). Racial diversity and its asymmetry within and across hierarchical levels: The effects on financial performance. Human Relations72(10), 1671-1696.

Tzanakou, C., & Pearce, R. (2019). Moderate feminism within or against the neoliberal university? The example of Athena SWAN. Gender, Work & Organization26(8), 1191-1211.

Rhetorical Analysis Essay – Financial Literacy Sample Paper

In this paper, I will compile the rhetorical appeal that I will use to convince my audience that teaching Children Finance through stories is the best way to help them learn and grasp financial literacy concepts. I will develop an essay that convinces my audience of the importance of equipping students with financial literacy as early as possible. I think that financial literacy is a very important topic that all children need to learn, and this is because it will help children to be financially responsible as they grow up. This is an important topic for parents, educators, and the entire public. I want to persuade my audience to allow their children to be taught financial literacy in class as soon as possible through techniques such as storytelling. Financial literacy in children will help them to learn how to spend money wisely, save budgeting and understand the overall value of money. Therefore in this essay, I will be explaining how I will use Kairo’s, Pathos, logos, and Ethos’s appeal to convince my audience to approve of my findings.

Kairos appeal is an important appeal that I am using in the essay. I will use the ongoing financial issue in the world to help persuade my audience of the importance of teaching young children financial literacy through techniques such as storytelling. My audience will include parents’ educators, and the general public. Therefore I will strengthen my arguments by informing them about the current financial issue in the world that have caused people with less financial discipline to suffer. The ongoing issue that ai will mention to strengthen my argument includes the increasing living costs, the negative impacts of the Covid I9 Pandemic, and extreme stress in global financial markets and banking systems. For instance, Warren de Guzman & Edson Guido explain how the pandemic has crippled economiesSuch issues are important and timely and tend to affect every person in one way or another. For instance, the rising costs of fuel have put constraints on many businesses and households. Therefore the topic of financial literacy is very important because people who lack knowledge of financial literacy are suffering right now. Therefore to reduce the suffering of the future generations, we all need to embrace and promote financial literacy in young children so that they are well-equipped for their future lives. My main source of evidence for my Kairos appeal would be articles and sources that discuss the current financial issue. This way, I will be able to make a strong Kairos appeal. I will also pay attention to the tone, structure, and timing of Kairo’s appeal to enhance the effectiveness of the Kairos appeal.

The second appeal that I plan to use is the Ethos appeal. This will be the main rhetorical strategy that I intend to use. Firsts of all, I will elect credible sources that speak about the topic of financial literacy in children. I will establish my credibility and trustworthiness by mentioning that I am a bachelor’s degree student with an excellent background in the English language. This will also help to enhance my reputation. This will appeal to the audience to trust that I understand what it means to teach children financial literacy using the storytelling technique. Such techniques have been used and tested e-learning and have proven to be effective, as illustrated by Team Bright Champs, 4). I will also make use of credible sources to convince the audience of the relevance of my topic. I will therefore determine credible sources by looking at the authors’ levels of expertise. This will ensure that the sources I use in the essay are from experts in financial literacy and children’s education approaches, such as the National financial educators council. Both areas are important because they will help address the issue is am discussing very well. I will also determine the credibility of the sources by looking at the date on which they were posted to ensure that the source I used is still relevant today. Thirdly I will determine the credibility of a source By looking at the author’s analysis to ensure that their judgments and conclusion are not biased but rather looks at more than one perspective. Ethos’s appeal will help me address the needs of my audience because it enhances my argument by giving it a literature backup. By citing reliable sources, the audience will see that I have conducted thorough research and that my findings and recommendations are based on pure unbiased research. The sources will also help support my experiences as a successful English Teacher and make the audience understand that children’s learning is a priority to me.

When it comes to Logos appeal, I will use this appeal strategically to convince the audience that Young children need to learn financial literacy in schools through techniques such as storytelling. I will therefore use e uses facts, statistics, coherent thoughts, and structure to make a strong logical appeal. For instance, I will use the findings of Agnello (198-206), which gives statistics on the use of storytelling to enhance learning in children. I will therefore be appealing to the audience’s intellect by giving them important information that can be fact-checked and proven. Aside from that, I will use facts to support and connect my ideas, which will, in turn, reveal a coherence of thoughts in the article. For example, I will explain deeply how children with financial literacy knowledge grow up to be successful human beings. I will link my explanations and expound on the topic, emphasizing that financial education gives a strong foundation for access to opportunities, consumer protection, and equity. Therefore, My thoughts will be well reasoned, providing a strong Logos appeal. Aside from that, I intend to give a careful unbiased structure my her findings, highlighting the issues, the source of the problem, and why we need solutions that will promote financial literacy in schools. I will use the evidence from Agnello et. Al (198-206) to draw conclusions that will strengthen my argument, for instance, in Agnello Et. Al (204), the author concludes that the use of the story of the prodigal son enhances the learning of the students since the children were able to answer questions about the story well, showcasing that they learned through the storytelling lesson conducted. Agnesllo’s article will therefore be beneficial to my Logical appeal.

Lastly, I will use Pathos appeal in my essay to support all my arguments and persuade the audience that my topic is a relevant issue that people must look into. I will appeal to Pathos by making the issue personal through expressive descriptions that evoke emotions. Financial issues are very crucial in society. Money can help people acquire opportunities and resources, which means that those who lack the discipline and skills to handle money will miss on the opportunities. Therefore, pathos appeal will help me convince the audience that children need to learn about financial literacy through simple techniques such as storytelling, which has proven very effective. First, I will mention the detrimental problems and disadvantages of a lack of financial literacy. By mentioning poverty and how it disadvantages many people, I will persuade the audience that a lack of financial literacy for children will negatively affect their futures. This appeal is strong because it aims to touch the audience’s feelings toward the need and support of a just cause in financial literacy for their children, who will benefit in the future. I will continue by calling on the audience to free their societies from being dependent on aid since they can invest in their future by investing in their children, who will learn how to fend for themselves and give back to their societies.

In conclusion, I will make a strong argument in my essay if I use all ten appeals as explained above argument against teaching personal finance in school. I think my argument will be very strong because I have ensured to use all the rhetorical appeals to make my arguments. Each rhetorical appeal plays an important function in my essay. The Rhetorical appeals used to support each other and help me persuade the audience of the importance of the financial literacy storytelling technique. The strongest parts of my arguments lie within the ethos appeal since it is the main strategy that I have used to showcase to the audience n the relevance of my topic, finding, and suggestions. The Ethos appeal has helped me show the audience that financial literacy is an important area of concern that other authors and experts have looked at. And therefore, this implies that they also need to understand the implications of my findings. The Weakest part of my arguments is in the other rhetorical appeals because I have used the Ethos appeal s the main appeal in my essay; I have not paid attention to the other appeals. For instance, in the logical appeal, I should have paid more attention and included surveys, charts, and graphs that showcase the trends in financial literature in schools to help the audience understand the gaps in the area. I will therefore revise my argument to make it stronger by paying attention to all other rhetorical appeals rather than just making the Ethos appeal the strongest appeal in my essay.

Works Cited

Agnello, Mary Frances, James D. Laney, and Thomas A. Lucey. “Grabbing a tiger by the tale: Using stories to teach financial literacy.” The Social Studies 110.5 (2019): 198-206.

Warren de Guzman & Edson Guido, How the Philippines crippled its economy and squandered the world’s longest lockdown ABS-CBN News

Team Bright Champs, Websites for kids to learn about money,

National financial educators council “Kids Financial Literacy: Comprehensive Financial Education Program for Kids – Resources for Parents, Educators, Third-party Providers”