Loanwords Adapted In English From Arabic Sample College Essay

In recent years, the influence of Arabic on the English language has been ever-growing. This influence is mainly due to the long-standing presence of Arabic-speaking communities in the United Kingdom and the increased number of people traveling to and from the Middle East. As a result, there has been a great deal of exchange between the two languages, leading to many English words adapted from Arabic. The influence of Arabic on the English language is an essential and exciting phenomenon. It is indicative of the long-standing presence of Arabic-speaking communities in the United Kingdom and the increased number of people traveling to and from the Middle East. This exchange between the two languages has led to a large number of English words that have been adapted from Arabic. One of the most influential aspects of this exchange has been adopting Arabic words into English. This has been particularly notable in politics, business, and technology. Words such as jihad, sharia, and imam have become commonplace in English. In addition, many Arabic words have been adopted and adapted to suit the English language. For example, the Arabic word ‘baraka’ has been adapted to the English ‘blessing,’ and ‘alif’ has been adapted to the ‘alphabet.’ The influence of Arabic on English has also been seen in how English words and phrases are used. For example, many English words have been adapted to reflect an Arabic pronunciation. This includes using words such as ‘kebab,’ ‘halal,’ and ‘Bismillah.’ In addition, Arabic phrases such as ‘inshallah’ and ‘alhamdulillah’ have become commonplace in casual English conversation.

Furthermore, the influence of Arabic on English has also been seen in how Arabic words and phrases are used in English literature. For example, Arabic words and phrases have been used to enhance the atmosphere of a story or poem. In addition, Arabic words have also been used to create imagery or convey a particular meaning in literature. Finally, the influence of Arabic on English has also been seen in how the two languages interact. For example, many English words have been adapted to reflect an Arabic pronunciation or to make them easier for Arabic speakers to understand. This is particularly noticeable in the case of words such as ‘kebab,’ ‘halal,’ and ‘bismillah.’ In inference, the influence of Arabic on the English language is profound and far-reaching. It is indicative of the long-standing presence of Arabic-speaking communities in the United Kingdom and the increased number of people traveling to and from the Middle East (Al-Sulaiman, 2013). This exchange between the two languages has led to many English words that have been adapted from Arabic and the use of Arabic words and phrases in English literature. Therefore, it is clear that Arabic has significantly influenced the English language.

Several English words that have been adopted from Arabic are related to food and cuisine. The English words ‘couscous’, ‘tahini,’ ‘hummus,’ and ‘baba ghanoush’ are all derived from Arabic and are widely used to refer to these unique dishes. In addition, the English words ‘kebab’ and ‘falafel’ are also adopted from Arabic and are commonly used to refer to these dishes (Mohamed, 2020). The influence of Arabic on the English language is vast and wide-reaching. Words from the Arabic language have been adopted in English to refer to certain foods, dishes, and cuisine. These words help to give English speakers a more diverse and rich vocabulary when discussing cuisine and food. One of the most well-known and widely used English words adopted from Arabic is ‘couscous.’ This word is used to refer to a type of steamed semolina that is common in North African cuisine. It is often served with vegetables or meat and is a staple of many regional dishes.

Another English word that has been adopted from Arabic is ‘tahini.’ This word refers to a paste made from sesame seeds prevalent in Middle Eastern cuisines. It is commonly used in hummus, a chickpea-based dip, and baba ghanoush, a roasted eggplant dip. The words ‘hummus’ and ‘baba ghanoush’ also have Arabic origins and are widely used to refer to these unique dishes. Hummus is a famous dip made from mashed chickpeas, garlic, tahini, and other spices, while baba ghanoush is a roasted eggplant dip served with pita bread. Two other English words derived from Arabic are ‘kebab’ and ‘falafel.’ Kebab refers to skewers of grilled meat, usually beef, chicken, or lamb, that are popular in Middle Eastern cuisine. Falafel, on the other hand, is a deep-fried ball of mashed chickpeas, often served on pita bread. Arabic has contributed significantly to the English language regarding food and cuisine. English speakers can now refer to certain dishes accurately and descriptively with words adopted from Arabic (Mohamed, 2020). This helps enrich the English language and gives English speakers a better understanding of the different types of cuisine and available dishes.

The English language has also adopted a number of words that are related to mathematics and science. The English words ‘algebra’ and ‘algorithm’ are both derived from the Arabic language, suggesting that the contribution of Arabic to mathematics and science is significant. The terms ‘algebra’ and ‘algorithm’ are two examples of words taken from the Arabic language, showing their influence in mathematics and science. Algebra is a branch of mathematics that studies manipulating symbols and equations to solve problems. Its roots can be traced to the Arabic language, where the words al-jabr and al-muqabilah come from. The former means “restoration,” and the latter means “balancing.” This reflects the process of solving algebraic equations, which involve the manipulation of symbols to restore or balance the equation. An algorithm is a set of instructions that can be used to solve a problem. It is also derived from the Arabic language, where the term al-Khwarizmi comes from. This refers to the Persian mathematician, astronomer, and geographer, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, who is considered to be the founder of algebra and the creator of algorithms. Al-Khwarizmi’s work was crucial in laying the foundation for the field of mathematics and science, as it paved the way for further research and development in the field.

The influence of Arabic on mathematics and science is further demonstrated in the terms calculus, chemistry, and numerator, which are derived from the Arabic language and culture. Calculus is a branch of mathematics that studies the properties of functions and their derivatives and is derived from the Arabic word ‘qalb,’ which means ‘heart’ (Khan, 2016). Chemistry is a branch of science that studies the composition, structure, and properties of matter and is derived from the Arabic word ‘al-kimiya,’ which means ‘the process of transmutation. The term numerator is used to describe the number located at the top of a fraction and is derived from the Arabic word ‘al-nimr,’ which means ‘the numeral.’ In addition, the English language has adopted numerous words related to mathematics and science that are derived from the Arabic language, clearly demonstrating the significant contribution of Arabic to the development of mathematics and science. From algebra to algorithms, calculus to chemistry, and numerator to numerators, the influence of the Arabic language and culture on mathematics and science is undeniable.

The English language has also adopted several words related to clothing and fashion. The English words ‘kaftan’ and ‘abaya’ are both derived from Arabic and are commonly used to refer to these garments. In addition, the English words ‘sarong’, ‘sash,’ and ‘burnous’ are also adopted from Arabic and are used to refer to these particular garments. The English language has also adopted many words related to art and architecture. The English words ‘minaret’ and ‘mihrab’ are both derived from Arabic and are commonly used to refer to the architectural features of mosques.

In addition, the English words ‘mosaic’ and ‘mihrab’ are also adopted from Arabic and refer to the decorative art often found in mosques (Khan, 2016). The English language has also adopted a number of words that are related to religion. The English words ‘Allah,’ ‘imam’ and ‘Koran’ are all derived from Arabic and commonly refer to aspects of the Islamic faith. In addition, the English words ‘halal’ and ‘haram’ are also adopted from Arabic and refer to the Islamic principles of permissible and forbidden. Finally, the English language has also adopted many words that are related to culture. The English words ‘baksheesh’ and ‘sheesha’ are both derived from Arabic and commonly refer to aspects of Middle Eastern culture (Al-Sulaiman, 2013). In addition, the English words ‘majlis’ and ‘habibi’ are also adopted from Arabic and refer to particular aspects of Middle Eastern culture.

From the above discussion, it is evident that many English words that have been adopted from Arabic refer to food and cuisine. For example, the word “kebab” is derived from the Arabic word “kabab,” which is a type of meat dish. Similarly, “couscous” is derived from the Arabic word “kuskus,” a steamed grain dish. Other Arabic-derived words related to food and cuisine include “tahini,” “falafel,” “hummus,” “baklava,” “tabbouleh,” and “shawarma.” In addition to food and cuisine, many English words have also been adopted from Arabic to refer to mathematics and science. For example, the words “algebra” and “algorithm” are derived from the Arabic word “al-jabr,” which is a type of equation.

Similarly, the word “zenith” is derived from the Arabic word “samt ar-ra’s,” which means “the highest point.” Other Arabic-derived words related to mathematics and science include “zero,” “alkali,” “elixir,” “summa,” “mufti,” and “hazmat.” The influence of Arabic on the English language can also be seen in the words used to refer to clothing and fashion. For example, the word “kaftan” is derived from the Arabic word “qaftan,” a loose-fitting robe. Similarly, the word “sarong” is derived from the Arabic word “sarung,” a type of wrap skirt. Other Arabic-derived words related to clothing and fashion include “abaya,” “caftan,” “jalabiya,” “keffiyeh,” “turban,” and “takchita.”

In summation, the influence of Arabic on the English language is evident in the many English words adopted from Arabic. These words are used to refer to a range of topics, from food and cuisine to mathematics and science, from clothing and fashion to art and architecture, and from religion to culture. As such, it is clear that the influence of Arabic on the English language is significant and is likely to continue to grow in the years to come. The influence of Arabic on the English language is undeniable, with a large portion of English words originating from Arabic. Arabic is an ancient language with a rich history, and its influence can be seen in many aspects of the English language.

References

Al-Sulaiman, M. (2013). The dialectic of reciprocal impact between Arabic and English: Egyptian colloquial Arabic as a model. Intercultural Pragmatics, 10(3), 349-367.

Khan, M. (2016). Decoding the influence of Arabic on the English language. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 12(3), 267-275.

Lamrabet, M. (2017). Arabic loanwords in the English language: A lexical and semantic analysis. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 13(1), 1-13.

Mohamed, A. H. (2020). The Dialectic of Reciprocal Impact between Arabic and English: Egyptian Colloquial Arabic as a Model. مجلة البحث العلمي في الآداب, 21(9), 121-143.‎

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348543024_The_Dialectic_of_Reciprocal_Impact_between_Arabic_and_English_Egyptian_Colloquial_Arabic_as_a_Model

Loneliness And The Development Of Aggressive Behavior Sample Assignment

Vakili, Lida, and Ghulam Sarwar Yousof. “The concepts of isolation, loneliness, and otherness in selected adaptations of Frankenstein.” The Turkish Online Journal of Design, Art, and Communication–TOJDAC. ISSN (2018): 2146-5193.

The article explores the effects that loneliness can have on the escalation of the character of a monster. In the book Frankenstein by Mary Shelly, the monster lives in isolation since it has a grotesque appearance that drives human beings away. The authors argue that this brings the impression of the “other,” which makes the monsters lose a place in society as everyone is against them. This is why the monster begs Victor to make him a companion, which he reluctantly agrees to. The article will be useful in developing the argument on the effects of loneliness on monsters.

Tung, Elizabeth L., et al. “Social isolation, loneliness, and violence exposure in urban adults.” Health Affairs 38.10 (2019): 1670-1678.

The study shows that there is a close relationship between isolation and the development of aggressive behaviors. The authors argue that urban places have high crime rates, and this increases the high rates of isolation among the perpetrators. In the book, it is the loneliness that hovered over the life of the monster that led him to develop aggressive behaviors that drove him to go and kill William and all the subsequent murders as well. The monster gave Victor a solution that would have prevented the death of Elizabeth and, effectively, his father. The decision to stop the creation of a female monster meant that the monster was doomed to loneliness which made him very frustrated hence the violent behavior. The article will be useful in supporting the relationship between loneliness and violence.

Vitale, Erika M., and Adam S. Smith. “Neurobiology of Loneliness, Isolation, and Loss: Integrating Human and Animal Perspectives.” Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience (2022): 85.

The article shows why loneliness leads to effects that are associated with aggression. The authors state that chronic loneliness leads the brain to release high levels of the stress hormone; cortisol. Another study shows that when mice are kept in isolation for a long time, their brains produce more of the Tac2/NkB – which is a protein linked to fear. The monster was chronically lonely, and this means that it had high levels of cortisol and the fear chemical in its body. The monster explained that he only wanted to scare William before the situation escalated. The article shows that the monster was not at fault for the murders because he was not in charge of his body, given the high chemicals in his body that sparked erratic reactions. The article will be useful in developing an argument that loneliness was the root cause of the murders.

Juvonen, Jaana, and Elisheva F. Gross. “The Rejected and the Bullied: Lessons About Social Misfits from Developmental Psychology.” 7th Annual Sydney Symposium of Social Psychology:” The Social Outcast: Ostracism, Social Exclusion, Rejection, and Bullying.”, 7, Sydney, Australia; A draft of this presentation was presented at the aforementioned conference. Psychology Press, 2005.

The article seeks to determine the relationship between rejection and bullying on the development of an individual. The findings show that when a person faces rejection or bullying, they are seen as misfits in society: this further leads to poor development of social skills. Every person handles rejection differently, and, in most cases, it may trigger aggressive behavior. The monster would not have been violent had society accepted him and created a place for him; however, he faced rejection and ridicule, which deteriorated his humanity. The actions that followed are the results of what society developed. Therefore, loneliness is not entirely to blame for the murders but society and its inflexibility to accept another slightly different being. This will offer a counter-argument to defend the monster and show that society played a role in the murders.

Lush Cosmetics Response To Black Lives Matter Free Essay

Black Lives Matter is a movement that was started in the USA to counter the continued growth of instances of racism, specifically regarding police profiling brutality against African Americans and other people of black descent worldwide. The movement started as a social organization aimed at countering police brutality against black people immediately after police knelt on the neck of George Floyd in Minneapolis until Floyd died out of suffocation and inability to breathe. The organization gained immediate international recognition, with thousands of US citizens joining in and carrying out extensive demonstrations across the country, protesting against the violations of African American rights and the extrajudicial killings of black people by the police over the years.

Other parts of the world expressed solidarity with it when protests emerged in European cities such as Berlin, London, and Paris, among others, to echo the voice of gaining recognition of the value of black people throughout the world and, thus, end discrimination against black people or Africans in many countries around the world. Many companies responded to this movement’s cause by either promising direct support or getting involved directly with the agenda of the Black Lives Matter Movement. One of these companies was Lush Cosmetics, which got involved by directly responding to police brutality against black people and got involved directly by formulating an action plan constituting things to do to get involved with the agenda of the Black Lives Matter Movement. The assessment herein reviews how Lush Cosmetics responded to the Black Lives Matter movement in the summer of 2020 and how the Company made follow-ups after making the direct response.

Shortly after the Black Lives Matter Movement was founded in the USA and immediately after several companies expressed support for the cause of stopping racial discrimination and brutality against people of black descent, Lush Cosmetics USA responded by expressing support and collaboration with the organization to stop police brutality against African Americans. Lush USA, on its website, posted an interview with Amara Enyia, who was the research coordinator and policy formulator for the Black Lives Matter organization (Lush, 2021). The interview with the BLM coordinator clearly showed that the Company did not have a spokesperson who was to come out directly to address the Company’s status on the matter. Instead, the Company formulated six key questions directed at Enyia, whose answers brought out what was of great interest to Lush Cosmetics USA.

The reliance of Amara Enyia was perhaps founded on the need to contact someone who was qualified and had a great understanding of the causes and activities of Black Lives Matter so that the Company’s audience could get direct information from the primary source on what the organization was all about, their focus, their involvement, and subsequent calls for involvement. On the company website, there was no direct spokesperson for the action plan that was laid there, despite it being expressed more simply and clearly defining the duration of its existence to 90 days. The above lack of a direct spokesperson suggested that the Company should have put in place its public relations officer so that it would express its corporate social responsibility as pertains to the immediate social concerns of the people, specifically, as it relates to social issues of discrimination and police brutality when they become interconnected and conjoined.

Lush Cosmetics USA used three main channels to communicate its critical messages: YouTube videos, website content, and social media posts on Instagram. These methods are very effective because each channel was meant to deliver a specific message, as outlined in the following sentences. Firstly, the contact with Amara Enyia was done via video interview, whose content was posted on YouTube and subsequently posted as an embedded video on the Company’s website. This method was effective because the audience gets to see Enyia directly addressing these questions and, thus, getting direct contact with the primary source. The second channel was the Company’s website, detailing the action plan during the 90 days stated. The laying out of the plan on the Company’s website was very effective because it shows in writing what the Company intended to do during that time, to show solidarity with Black Lives Matter, making it easy for anyone to access the plan and get to know the progress of its activism and internal adjustments. Thirdly, using social media platforms such as Instagram to post content was also highly effective because, during this time, many people were highly active on Instagram, providing quick and trendy access to the actions being undertaken. However, there need to be more specific dates when most of these messages were posted. One that had a date was the video interview on YouTube, which was posted on May 25, 2021, almost a year after the death of George Floyd and the subsequent emergence of the Black Lives Matter Movement. The dates of the other posted contents need to be clearly indicated on the pages where they are posted. However, assumedly, the action plan was formulated and posted in June 2020, just a few days after the movement began. The date of content shared on social media was not stated, and the subsequent removal of the Instagram post made it difficult to find out the date it was posted.

The overall key message was that the Company had started to make internal adjustments to show support and solidarity with the Black Lives Matter Movement, especially in handling issues related to racial discrimination and police brutality. The video content posted on YouTube indicated the main areas of concern for Lush USA. The Action plan indicated the Company’s efforts to ensure that it was moving forward with Black Lives Matter’s efforts. Specifically, the key message was changing its internal organization to reduce racial considerations among its employees, mandatory training of its staff on anti-racism by focusing on inclusion and diversity, and strengthening policies related to these issues (Lush, 2020). The organization was further involved with donating to Black communities’ efforts to end racism and injustices and eradicating all barriers that made it impossible for employees to belong naturally and experience social growth.

Almost two years later, the progress of the changes that were formulated to be implemented has been completed so far. The internal action plan to end racism and discrimination to promote inclusion and diversity has born results. Company employees have become one group that does not discriminate against other employees. The Company has also formulated a policy that ensures that racism is against company ethics and, thus, shall be handled in accordance with the law. The reaction by some of its employees, such as on June 5, 2020, a complaint about the Lush UK CEO gifting the police and calling for people to give them love and care, brought to the surface people’s reactions to the loss of direction of the Company’s position concerning Black Lives Matter and police brutality. The CEO was forced to give a statement indicating that such instances would not repeat themselves in the future. Therefore, the Company has been under constant pressure to implement its policies and ethics regarding its position on police brutality and injustices against people of black descent.

Given a chance to lead the Company’s responses to the Black Lives Matter activities when the protests were being carried out in the summer of 2020, it would be necessary to change some sections of the organization’s response, specifically how internal coordination was communicated. Instead of leaving every branch of the organization to speak for itself, such as letting the Lush USA, UK, and Australia speak for themselves, there would be a need to dedicate a department to speak for the Company’s involvement with Black Lives Matter. The most notable big companies that responded well to the activities included Reebok, which expressed concern to its customers and the people in society to take a moment and forget about buying the Company’s shoes and instead walk in the shoes of African Americans or black people, who were being brutally discriminated and harmed by the police and white supremacists. Another company that made a favorable response was Nike, which requested people, for once, to go against its main motto of, Do it, by telling people not to do it (Mirzaei, 2020). The meaning of not doing it was that people should not discriminate against one another. These responses showed clearly that these companies used their mission statements to get involved directly with the plights of black people around the world.

References

Mirzaei, A. (2020). Big brands take a stand and support Black Lives Matter. The AdNews Network. Retrieved on December 9, 2022, from https://www.adnews.com.au/news/big- brands-take-a-stand-and-support-black-lives-matter

Lush. (2020). Our Action Plan. Lush USA. Retrieved on December 9, 2022, from https://www.lushusa.com/stories/article-our-action-plan.html

Lush. (2021). Black Lives Matter. Retrieved on December 9, 2022, from https://www.lushusa.com/black-lives-matter.html